Table Of Contents
Installing CWM Server Software
This chapter provides a step-by-step procedure to install the CWM Release 11 and CiscoView
Release 5.4 software on a CWM server workstation. The CWM Release 11 software installation process uses InstallShield to simplify the process.
Before installing the CWM Release 11 software on the CWM workstation, the following software should have already been installed (in the following order):
•Solaris 2.7 Operating System
•Solaris patches (see the release notes for the latest list of patches)
•Netscape Communicator 4.76 or later (for CiscoView 5.4)
Refer to Chapter 2 for instructions on installing these products.
Installing CWM Software
To install the CWM Release 11 software, perform the following steps:
Note The windows in this section reflect a single disk install. Areas where choices differ for a multi-disk install are called out in the procedure.
Step 1 Login to the CWM workstation as user root.
Step 2 Insert the Cisco WAN Manager Release 11
CDROM #1 into the CDROM drive.
Step 3 Enter the following commands:# cd /cdrom/cdrom0# ls
Step 4 Check for the
,begin the install process by entering the following command:# ./InstallCWM.sh
The installation classes are loaded (a process that takes several minutes). The CWM Installation Welcome window is displayed, as shown in Figure 3-1.
Figure 3-1 CWM Installation Welcome Window
Step 5 Click Next on the Welcome window to continue.
The README Information window, Figure 3-2, is displayed.
Figure 3-2 CWM Installation README Information Window
Step 6 After reading the information presented on the information window, click Next.
The Information about the Upgrade Procedure window is displayed, as shown in Figure 3-3.
Figure 3-3 Information About the Upgrading Procedure Window
Step 7 At the Information About the Upgrading Procedure window, accept the default No and click Next.
The Auto-Partition Disks window is displayed, as shown in Figure 3-4.
Figure 3-4 Auto-Partition Window
Step 8 At the Auto-Partition Disks window, accept the default No and click Next.
The Meta Devices window is displayed, as shown in Figure 3-5.
Figure 3-5 Meta Devices Window
Step 9 At the Meta Devices window, unless you have meta devices to configure, accept the default No and click Next.
Note A meta device is a virtual device created by concatenating or striping disk partitions (usually to improve performance).
The Multiple Disk Configuration for Informix window is displayed, as shown in Figure 3-6.
Figure 3-6 Multiple Disk Configuration for Informix Window
Step 10 At the Multiple Disk Configuration for Informix window, if you have one disk accept the default No and click Next. If you have two disks, click on the Yes radio button and then click Next to continue.
The Select the Raw Partition for CWM Database window is displayed, as shown in Figure 3-7.
Figure 3-7 Select the Raw Partition for CWM Database Window
Step 11 Select the partition to be used for the database.
In this release of CWM, the database name cannot be changed, accept the default name of stratacom.
Note If you have multiple hard disks configured, more partitions will be displayed than those shown in Figure 3-7.
A small window is displayed warning the user that the selected partition must be at least 1 GByte in size (see Figure 3-8).
Figure 3-8 Minimum Space Warning
Step 12 Check the size of the partition, if the size is not large enough click Cancel, change the partition size and restart the installation process. If the size is large enough, click OK and then click Next in the main window.
When Next has been clicked, the CWM FTP Information window is displayed as shown in Figure 3-9.
Figure 3-9 CWM FTP Information Window
Step 13 At the CWM FTP Information window, enter the user name (default "svplus") and the password of the user on the machine.
Note In this release, the user name of "svplus" must be used and cannot be changed.
After entering the FTP user name and password, click Next.
The Choose Destination Directory window is displayed, as shown in Figure 3-10.
Figure 3-10 Choose Destination Directory Window
Accept the default destination directory of usr/users/svplus and click Next.
Although the destination directory is editable, this release supports only the default directory.
The Install Orbix window is displayed, as shown in Figure 3-11.
Figure 3-11 Install Orbix Window
Orbix is the software component that provides the communication capability between CWM gateways.
Step 14 At the Install Orbix window, accept the default Yes and click Next.
The Enter Domain Name window is displayed as shown in Figure 3-12.
Note This domain name is for database purposes only and has nothing to do with DNS.
Figure 3-12 Enter the Domain Name Window
Step 15 At the Enter the Domain Name window, enter the domain configured for the workstation.
This information allows the CWM client workstations access to the database. Also ensure that the workstation and the domain is reachable. You can enter the ping command to test this.
The only reason to leave the Domain Name field empty (or blank) would be for a standalone CWM server never to have client workstations.
After entering the domain name, click Next. The Install CiscoView window is displayed, as shown in Figure 3-13.
Figure 3-13 Install CiscoView Window
Note Remember that certain Solaris patches are required for CiscoView 5.4, see Chapter 2 and the CWM Release 11 release notes for the latest details.
Step 16 Either select Yes to install CiscoView or select No if CiscoView is not to be installed. Click Next.
If Yes is selected, the Enter CiscoView home window is displayed as shown in Figure 3-14.
Caution Do not install CiscoView over a previously installed CiscoView, this action will cause two versions of CiscoView to exist and the system will not operate properly.
If CiscoView is installed (from a previous installation) either select No and Continue or go back, uninstall CiscoView, restart the install process, and select Yes at the CiscoView window.
Figure 3-14 Enter CiscoView Home Window
Step 17 At the Enter CiscoView Home window, either click Install to accept the default directory (/opt) or enter a new directory name and then click Install.
The software installation process begins. This process will take from 30 to 60 minutes depending on the speed and resources of the CWM workstation. The installation window shows a dynamic indicator bar, which moves across the window, indicating the progress of the installation process, as shown in Figure 3-15.
A small log window is also displayed showing entries to the install log as they are entered.
Figure 3-15 Installation Progress Indicator (extracting files)
If the CWM system was installed previously, a message appears telling the user that files already exist and permission is requested to overwrite the files with new files. This message is shown in Figure 3-16. Click Yes to All.
Figure 3-16 Copy Files Message
After extracting the necessary CWM program files, the window refreshes and the installation process begins creating and configuring the database. The installation window shows a dynamic indicator bar, which moves across the window, indicating the progress of the database creation process, as shown in Figure 3-17.
Figure 3-17 Installation Progress Indicator (database creation)
An Install Log window is also displayed (see Figure 3-18).
Figure 3-18 Install Log
A dialog box displays informing you that the installation is complete, as shown in Figure 3-19.
Figure 3-19 Installation Complete Window
Step 18 Click Finish on the dialog box.
The software installation process is completed. The Install Shield window closes.
The first time (and only the first) that CWM is installed, the system will display a message stating that the kernel has been changed. Click OK to reboot the system
The reboot sequence aligns the cylinders of your hard disks and gracefully shuts down the Solaris operating system.
Step 19 At this point, you can push the CDROM eject button on the CDROM drive to eject the installation CD.
Note When CWM is installed, the tasks can be checked by displaying the contents of the InstallShield.log file under usr/users/svplus/log. This log displays the installation tasks that were completed and lists any errors encountered during the installation.
Post Installation Tasks
After the CWM installation is complete the following configuration tasks should be completed.
If you haven't already done so eject the CWM CD-ROM by entering the eject command in the terminal window.
First Time Login as User svplus
After completing the CWM Release 11 software installation, perform the following steps when you log in to CWM as user svplus.
Step 1 Log in to the workstation as user svplus using the Solaris Login interface.
Step 2 Select CDE.
Step 3 Close the File Manager and Help windows, leaving only the CDE menu bar.
Step 4 Right-click on the blank screen, select Tools, select Terminal.
Move this terminal window to the upper right corner of the screen.
Step 5 Right click on blank screen select Hosts, select Terminal Console.
Lower the height to display four lines and move this window so that it rests above the CDE menu bar. This window provides a display of workstation system messages.
Step 6 Left-click the CDE icon labeled TTT.
The Style Manager window is displayed.
Step 7 Left click on the Screen, click screen saver on and screen lock off. Click OK.
If you prefer to use the screen saver, highlight choice(s) and start the screen saver at 29 minutes. Start the screen lock at 30 minutes, click OK.
Step 8 Click on Backdrop and select GrayDk. Click Apply.
Do the same to all four screens,. They are labeled One, Two, Three and Four in the CDE icon bar. In Four click OK and return to screen One. This action helps to conserve workstation resources.
Step 9 Click on the CDE icon labeled TTT. Click Startup > Set Home Session > OK.
The next login session will come up using this same screen configuration. Click OK and close the Style Manager.
Step 10 Place the cursor in the terminal window. Enter vi to edit the network.conf file.% cd /usr/users/svplus/config% vi network.conf
Step 11 Modify the network.conf file depending on your network requirements.
Note When using the vi Editor, remember to write your changes before quitting: press Esc, colon (:), then wq!
Checking the CWM Server File System
At the CWM workstation, log in as user root, and examine the following files.
Note The IP addresses shown are examples. Use addresses relevant to your network.
Examine the /etc/hosts file and check that the file contains a nodename and IP address for all nodes. The IP address should be one that CWM can use for network discovery (see following paragraphs). Enter the correct nodenames and addresses for any missing nodes.
To view the /etc/hosts file, enter the following command:host% more /etc/hosts
Use vi Editor to enter items into the file.
IPX and MGX (Rel 1.x, 2.0 and up to 2.1.60) Nodes
For each node:
Enter the ATM0 or NWIP address and the node name.
Enter the LnPci0 or LANIP address and the nodename followed by an identifier such as -l, or -lan).
Example:18.104.22.168 mgx1 22.214.171.124 mgx1-l
MGX (Rel 2.1.70 and above) Nodes
For each node:
Enter the IP address used in option 8 of the cnfndparms command. This address can be displayed at the node by entering the dspndparms command.
For each node:
Enter the node's IP address and the node name.
Example Host File
As an example, a hosts file might look like the following example:# MGX Rel 1, 2.0, up to 2.1.60 nodes126.96.36.199 mgx1 188.8.131.52 mgx1-l184.108.40.206 mgx2 192.0.0.6 mgx2-l220.127.116.11 mgx3 192.0.0.4 mgx3-l##MGX Rel 2.1.70 and up nodes18.104.22.168 mgx422.214.171.124 mgx5126.96.36.199 mgx6188.8.131.52 mgx7##BPX nodes184.108.40.206 bpx1220.127.116.11 bpx218.104.22.168 bpx3
Examine the /etc/netmasks file for all subnet and netmask entries. To view the /etc/netmasks file, enter the following command:host% more /etc/netmasks
Examine the /etc/rc2.d/S72inetsvc file to ensure that the IP relay address points to the gateway node. To view the /etc/rc2.d/S72inetsvc file, enter the following command:host% more /etc/rc2.d/S72inetsvc
Use the vi Editor to open the S72inetsvc file and find the following line:/usr/sbin/route add -interface -netmask "22.214.171.124" "126.96.36.199" "$mcastif")&
Add the following line directly below that line/usr/sbin/route add net 10.10.10.0 188.8.131.52 1 (use your site's valid IP addresses)
Note When using the vi editor, remember to write your changes before quitting: press Esc, colon (:), then wq!
Examine the /etc/defaultrouter file. To view the /etc/defaultrouter file, enter the following command:host% more /etc/defaultrouter
Note If this file does not exist, use the vi Editor to create a new file with the name defaultrouter.
If the router IP address is not currently in the file, use the vi Editor to add a line containing the IP address of the default router to which the CWM workstation is attached.
Note To save your changes while using the vi editor, remember to press Esc, colon (:), then wq!.
Use the vi editor to modify .cshrc as follows:
Change the line:
Add the following lines to the end of the file.
setenv PATH "netscape path":$PATH
setenv MOZILLA_HOME "netscape path"
The network.conf file is located in the /usr/users/svplus/config directory.
The user should modify this file to specify networks parameters for each network to be discovered and managed.This file can describe multiple networks where each network can be any one of the following types.
•Hybrid (consisting of AutoRoute and PNNI segments)
For each network specified in the network.conf file, its entry consists of the following fields.
•NETWORK (this must be the first field)
•IP REACHABILITY FLAG
The NETWORK field has the following format.
NETWORK: <Network Name>
When describing a network's parameters, NETWORK must be the first parameter.
The Network name cannot have more than 10 characters and cannot contain a space.
Note Long network names are truncated to 10 characters and invalid names are ignored.
The NETWORK ID field has the following format.
NETWORK_ID: <Network ID>
Network ID is optional. If it is specified, the Network ID must be a unique numeric value in the range in [1, 32000].
Note After Network ID is modified, a CWM cold start is needed.
The GATEWAYS field has the following formats.
GATEWAYS: <Gateway Name(s)> (used for AutoRoute and PNNI).
AR-GATEWAYS: <Gateway Name> (used for AutoRoute segments in a Hybrid network type).
PNNI-GATEWAYS: <Gateway Name(s)> (used for PNNI segments in a Hybrid network type).
The user should enter the name(s) of any gateways that CWM is to use for network discovery.
The rules for gateways parameters depend upon the network type.
Use the GATEWAYS: <Gateway Name> format and specify one (and only one) network node to be used as the AutoRoute gateway.
Use the GATEWAYS: <Gateway Name> format and specify one or more network nodes to be used as PNNI gateways. If more than one gateway is specified for the network, the names should be separated by commas.
This field is used to specify which gateways should be used for the AutoRoute and PNNI segments of the network.
Use the PNNI-GATEWAYS: <Gateway Names> format to specify one or more network nodes to be used as PNNI gateways. If more than one gateway is specified for the PNNI segment, the names should be separated by commas.
Use the AR-GATEWAYS: <Gateway Names> format and specify one (and only one) network node to be used as an AutoRoute gateway.
Note If either AR-GATEWAYS or PNNI-GATEWAYS is specified for the network, the other gateway entry (PNNI-GATEWAYS or AR-GATEWAYS as the case may be) can be omitted. However, specifying both types of gateway speeds up the discovery process and is recommended.
This field is used to specify the network type and has the following format.
DISCOVERY PROTOCOL: <Protocol Name>
The Protocol Name can be either AUTOROUTE or PNNI or HYBRID.
AUTOROUTE is used to discover Auto Route networks .
PNNI is used for ILMI or PNNI discovery of PNNI networks.
HYBRID is used to discover networks that contain both AutoRoute and PNNI segments.
IP REACHABILITY FLAG
The IP REACHABILITY FLAG field is used to specify which IP address method is to be used for managing network nodes. This field is used for AutoRoute networks and Hybrid AutoRoute segments only. It is ignored for PNNI networks or segments.The IP REACHABILITY FLAG field has the following format.
IP REACHABILITY FLAG:<Ip Flag>
IP Flag can be set to NWIP_ON or NWIP_OFF or LANIP.
NWIP_ON — All the routing nodes in the network are managed using their nw ip addresses.
NWIP_OFF — All the routing nodes in the network are managed through the Gateway. The Gateway then routes packets to the individual routing nodes on the corresponding routing trunks.
LANIP — All the nodes in the network are managed using Lan IP. The AUTOROUTE Gateway node is always managed using the LAN IP. By specifying "LANIP", all management traffic (including link0/link1, snmp and tftp) is sent to each node (routing node or feeders) using their Lan IP addresses.
If NWIP is set to ON or OFF, management messages use the managed network for delivery and are therefore considered to be in-band. A setting of LAN IP, on the other hand, uses a separate LAN (or LAN emulation) network for message delivery and is therefore considered to be out-of-band.
The OPTIONAL field is used to specify a number of options associated with the IP REACHABILITY FLAG and has the following format.
OPTIONAL: "List of Parameters for Auto Route Networks"
This field is mandatory for AutoRoute networks and AutoRoute segments in Hybrid networks. If this field is not specified, Auto Route networks and segments WILL NOT be discovered
OPTIONAL does not apply for PNNI networks and is ignored.
The OPTIONAL field has five sub-fields (options) as follows:
Link timeout value. The amount of time to wait before resending a message to an Cisco IGX 8400 and Cisco BPX 8600 when a response is not received. Default value is 7.
Link retry count. The number of times CWM will retransmit a message before it declares the link down. Default value is 6.
Download throttling timeout value. Default value is 0
ACK timeout value used during the download process. When an acknowledgment to a configuration message sent to an Cisco IGX 8400, or Cisco BPX 8600 is not received within this time period, the message is sent again. Default value is 30.
Block size used for an Cisco IGX 8400, or Cisco BPX 8600 configuration upload. Default value is 1024.
Note In this release the default values must not be changed.
1. Discover an AutoRoute Network
IP REACHABILITY FLAG:NWIP_ON
OPTIONAL:"TIMEOUT = 7, RETRANSMIT = 6, THROTTLE = 0, ACKNOWLEDGE = 30, BLOCKSIZE = 1024"
2. Discover a PNNI network
Note PNNI networks do not need IP REACHABILITY and OPTIONAL parameter
3. Discover a HYBRID Network
#IP REACHABILITY FLAG:NWIP_ON
#OPTIONAL:"TIMEOUT = 7, RETRANSMIT = 6, THROTTLE = 0, ACKNOWLEDGE = 30, BLOCKSIZE = 1024"
CWM Gateway Configuration File
If the upgraded CWM workstation is part of a multiple CWM gateway configuration, check the CWMGateway.conf file and ensure that the DomainGatewayList contains all the stations in the Gateway domain.
For example:host% cd usr/users/svplus/confighost% more CWMGateway.conf
Check the DomainGatewayList portion of this file.## Default: DomainGatewayList ## Usage: DomainGateWayList tmonda dilbag sgharat DomainGatewayList CWM1 CWM2 CWM3
In this example, CWM1, CWM2, and CWM3 are the names of the CWM gateways.
Change directory to /system and enter the ls command. Check to see that all required HPOV PSOV_XXXXX patches have been installed.# cd /system# ls
Check to see that the CWM installation process added the semaphores required for Solaris and HP OpenView operability(set semsys:seminfo_semmsl=30).forceload: sys/shmsysforceload: sys/semsysset semsys:seminfo_semaem=16384set semsys:seminfo_semmap=66set semsys:seminfo_semmni=4096set semsys:seminfo_semmns=4096set semsys:seminfo_semmnu=4096set semsys:seminfo_semume=64set semsys:seminfo_semvmx=32767set semsys:seminfo_semmsl=30set shmsys:shminfo_shmmax=268435456set shmsys:shminfo_shmmin=100set shmsys:shminfo_shmmni=100set shmsys:shminfo_shmseg=100
Reboot the Workstation
After completing the configuration, reboot the workstation.# sync ;sync ;reboot