RADIUS Attributes Configuration Guide Cisco IOS Release 15 M and T
RADIUS Attribute 104
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RADIUS Attribute 104

Table Of Contents

RADIUS Attribute 104

Finding Feature Information

Contents

Prerequisites for RADIUS Attribute 104

Restrictions for RADIUS Attribute 104

Information About RADIUS Attribute 104

Policy-Based Routing: Background

Attribute 104 and the Policy-Based Route Map

RADIUS Attribute 104 Overview

Permit Route Map

Default Private Route

Route Map Order

How to Apply RADIUS Attribute 104

Applying RADIUS Attribute 104 to Your User Profile

Examples

Verifying Route Maps

Troubleshooting the RADIUS Profile

Configuration Examples for RADIUS Attribute 104

Route-Map Configuration in Which Attribute 104 Has Been Applied: Example

Additional References

Related Documents

Standards

MIBs

RFCs

Technical Assistance

Feature Information for RADIUS Attribute 104


RADIUS Attribute 104


First Published: March 1, 2004
Last Updated: September 8, 2009

The RADIUS Attribute 104 feature allows private routes (attribute 104) to be specified in a RADIUS authorization profile. The private routes affect only packets that are received on an individual interface. The routes are stored apart from the global routing table and are not injected into any routing protocols for redistribution.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest feature information and caveats, see the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the "Feature Information for RADIUS Attribute 104" section.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco IOS and Catalyst OS software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to http://tools.cisco.com/ITDIT/CFN/jsp/index.jsp. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Contents

Prerequisites for RADIUS Attribute 104

Restrictions for RADIUS Attribute 104

Information About RADIUS Attribute 104

How to Apply RADIUS Attribute 104

Configuration Examples for RADIUS Attribute 104

Additional References

Prerequisites for RADIUS Attribute 104

You must be using a Cisco RADIUS server.

You should be familiar with configuring RADIUS.

You should be familiar with policy-based routing (PBR) and private routes.

You should be familiar with configuring access control lists (ACLs).

Before using the RADIUS Attribute 104 feature, you must configure RADIUS AAA authorization and RADIUS route download.

The following memory bytes are required:

One route map—50 bytes.

One match-set clause—600 bytes.

One extended ACL—366 bytes.

For N number of attribute 104s, the memory requirement is (600+366)*N+50=1000*N(approximate) per user.

Restrictions for RADIUS Attribute 104

If you already have PBR locally (statically) configured under the interface, and you specify attribute 104, the locally configured PBR will be disabled.

If a pseudo next-hop address is involved, there must be a route available in the routing table for the next-hop address. If a route is not available, the packet will not be policy routed.

Policy routing does not order the match-set clauses and relies on the first match, so you should specify the attributes in the order in which you want them to be matched.

Metric numbers cannot be used in the attribute.

Information About RADIUS Attribute 104

Before using the RADIUS Attribute 104 feature, you should understand the following concepts:

Policy-Based Routing: Background

Attribute 104 and the Policy-Based Route Map

Policy-Based Routing: Background

PBR provides a mechanism for the forwarding, or routing of, data packets on the basis of defined policies. The policies are not wholly dependent on the destination address but rather on other factors, such as type of service, source address, precedence, port numbers, or protocol type.

Policy-based routing is applied to incoming packets. All packets that are received on an interface that has policy-based routing enabled are considered for policy-based routing. The router passes the packets through enhanced packet filters called route maps. On the basis of the criteria that are defined in the route maps, the packets are forwarded to the appropriate next hop.

Each entry in a route map statement contains a combination of match clauses and set clauses or commands. The match clauses define the criteria for whether appropriate packets meet the particular policy (that is, whether the conditions are met). The set clauses provide instruction for how the packets should be routed after they have met the match criteria. The match clause specifies which set of filters a packet must match for the corresponding set clause to be applied.

Attribute 104 and the Policy-Based Route Map

This section discusses the attribute 104 feature and how it works with policy-based route maps.

RADIUS Attribute 104 Overview

Using the RADIUS Attribute 104 feature, you can specify private routes in your RADIUS authorization profile. The private routes you specify will affect only packets that are received on an individual interface. The routes are stored apart from the global routing table and are not injected into any routing protocols for redistribution.

Permit Route Map

Route map statements can be marked as "permit" or "deny." If the statement is marked "permit," the set clause is applied to the packets that match the match criteria. For attribute 104, when you are configuring the route map, you need to mark the route map as "permit," as follows. See "Related Documents" section for where to find information on configuring a route map.

Default Private Route

The policy routing process proceeds through the route map until a match is found. If no match is found in the route map, the global routing table is consulted. If you have specified a default route in your user profile, any further routes beyond the default route are effectively ignored.

Route Map Order

You need to specify route maps on the server in the order that you want them to be applied.

How to Apply RADIUS Attribute 104

This section contains the following procedures:

Applying RADIUS Attribute 104 to Your User Profile

Verifying Route Maps

Troubleshooting the RADIUS Profile

Applying RADIUS Attribute 104 to Your User Profile

You can apply RADIUS attribute 104 to your user profile by adding the following to the RADIUS server database.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. Apply RADIUS attribute 104 to your user profile.

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

Apply RADIUS attribute 104 to your user profile.

Ascend-Private-Route="dest_addr/netmask next_hop"

The destination network address of the router is "dest_addr/netmask", and the address of the next-hop router is "next_hop."

Examples

The following is a sample user profile that creates three private routes that are associated with the caller:

username Password="ascend"; User-Service=Framed-User

   Framed-Protocol=PPP,
   Framed-Address=10.1.1.1,
   Framed-Netmask=255.0.0.0,
   Ascend-Private-Route="172.16.1.1/16 10.10.10.1"
   Ascend-Private-Route="192.168.1.1/32 10.10.10.2"
   Ascend-Private-Route="10.20.0.0/1 10.10.10.3"
   Ascend-Private-Route="10.0.0.0/0 10.10.10.4"

Using the above profile, the private routing table for the connection contains the following routes, including a default route:

Destination/Mask     Gateway
172.16.1.1/16         10.10.10.1
192.168.1.1/32         10.10.10.2
10.20.20.20/1       10.10.10.3
10.0.0.0/0            10.10.10.4

Verifying Route Maps

You can use the following show commands to verify the route maps that have been configured.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. show ip policy

3. show route-map [map-name | dynamic [dynamic-map-name | application [application-name]] | all]

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

show ip policy

Example:

Router# show ip policy

Displays the route map that is used for policy routing.

Step 3 

show route-map [map-name | dynamic [dynamic-map-name | application [application-name]] | all]

Example:

Router# show route-map

Displays all route maps that are configured or only the one that is specified.

Troubleshooting the RADIUS Profile

If your private route configuration is not working properly, you may want to reread the section ""Policy-Based Routing: Background" section." This section may help you determine what is happening to the packets. In addition, the following debug commands can be used to troubleshoot your RADIUS profile.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. debug radius

3. debug aaa per-user

4. debug ip policy

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

debug radius

Example:

Router# debug radius

Displays information associated with RADIUS.

Step 3 

debug aaa per-user

Example:

Router# debug aaa per-user

Displays the attributes that are applied to each user as the user authenticates.

Step 4 

debug ip policy

Example:

Router# debug ip policy

Displays IP routing packet activity.

Configuration Examples for RADIUS Attribute 104

This section includes the following configuration example:

Route-Map Configuration in Which Attribute 104 Has Been Applied: Example

Route-Map Configuration in Which Attribute 104 Has Been Applied: Example

The following output is a typical route-map configuration to which attribute 104 has been applied:

Router# show route-map dynamic

route-map AAA-01/08/04-14:13:59.542-1-AppSpec, permit, sequence 0, identifier 1639994476
  Match clauses:
    ip address (access-lists): PBR#1 PBR#2 
  Set clauses:
  Policy routing matches: 0 packets, 0 bytes
route-map AAA-01/08/04-14:13:59.542-1-AppSpec, permit, sequence 1, identifier 1640264784
  Match clauses:
    ip address (access-lists): PBR#3 PBR#4 
  Set clauses:
  Policy routing matches: 0 packets, 0 bytes
route-map AAA-01/08/04-14:13:59.542-1-AppSpec, permit, sequence 2, identifier 1645563704
  Match clauses:
    ip address (access-lists): PBR#5 PBR#6 
    length 10 100
  Set clauses:
    ip next-hop 10.1.1.1
    ip gateway10.1.1.1
  Policy routing matches: 0 packets, 0 bytes
 Current active dynamic routemaps = 1

Additional References

The following sections provide references related to RADIUS Attribute 104 feature.

Related Documents

Related Topic
Document Title

Configuring RADIUS

"Configuring RADIUS" feature module.

Configuring policy-based routing

"Classifying Network Traffic" feature module.

Configuring access control lists

"IP Access List Overview" feature module.

Configuring RADIUS AAA authorization and RADIUS route download

"RADIUS Route Download" feature module.

Security commands

Cisco IOS Security Command Reference

Quality of Service (QoS) commands (for policy-based routing commands)

Cisco IOS Quality of Service Solutions Command Reference


Standards

Standards
Title

None


MIBs

MIBs
MIBs Link

None

To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

http://www.cisco.com/go/mibs


RFCs

RFCs
Title

None


Technical Assistance

Description
Link

The Cisco Support website provides extensive online resources, including documentation and tools for troubleshooting and resolving technical issues with Cisco products and technologies.

To receive security and technical information about your products, you can subscribe to various services, such as the Product Alert Tool (accessed from Field Notices), the Cisco Technical Services Newsletter, and Really Simple Syndication (RSS) Feeds.

Access to most tools on the Cisco Support website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

http://www.cisco.com/techsupport


Feature Information for RADIUS Attribute 104

Table 1 lists the release history for this feature.

Not all commands may be available in your Cisco IOS software release. For release information about a specific command, see the command reference documentation.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and software image support. Cisco Feature Navigator enables you to determine which Cisco IOS and Catalyst OS software images support a specific software release, feature set, or platform. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to http://tools.cisco.com/ITDIT/CFN/jsp/index.jsp. An account on Cisco.com is not required.


Note Table 1 lists only the Cisco IOS software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given Cisco IOS software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that Cisco IOS software release train also support that feature.


Table 1 Feature Information for RADIUS Attribute 104 

Feature Name
Releases
Feature Information

RADIUS Attribute 104

12.3(7)T

The RADIUS Attribute 104 feature allows private routes (attribute 104) to be specified in a RADIUS authorization profile. The private routes affect only packets that are received on an individual interface. The routes are stored apart from the global routing table and are not injected into any routing protocols for redistribution.

This feature was introduced in Cisco IOS Release 12.3(7)T.

The following commands were introduced or modified: show ip policy, show route-map.



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