Loading and Managing System Images Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS Release 15SY
Using FTP to Manage System Images
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Using FTP to Manage System Images

Using FTP to Manage System Images

This module contains information about using FTP to manage Cisco system images.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Image Copying from Flash Memory to an FTP Server

The FTP protocol requires a client to send a remote username and password on each FTP request to a server. When you copy a configuration file from the router to a server using FTP, the Cisco IOS software sends the first valid username it encounters in the following list:

  1. The username specified in the copy privileged EXEC command, if a username is specified.

  2. The username set by the ipftpusername global configuration command, if the command is configured.

  3. Anonymous.

The router sends the first valid password it encounters in the following list:

  1. The password specified in the copy privileged EXEC command, if a password is specified.

  2. The password set by the ipftppassword global configuration command, if the command is configured.

The router forms a password username @routername .domain . The variable username is the username associated with the current session, routername is the configured hostname, and domain is the domain of the router.

The username and password must be associated with an account on the FTP server. If you are writing to the server, the FTP server must be properly configured to accept the FTP write request from the user on the router.

If the server has a directory structure, the configuration file or image is written to or copied from the directory associated with the username on the server. For example, if the system image resides in the home directory of a user on the server, specify that user’s name as the remote username.

Refer to the documentation for your FTP server for more information.

Use the ipftpusername and ipftppassword commands to specify a username and password for all copies. Include the username in the copy command if you want to specify a username for that copy operation only.

Image Copy from an FTP Server to a Flash Memory File System

You can copy a system image from an FTP server to a flash memory file system.

FTP Username and Password

The FTP protocol requires a client to send a remote username and password on each FTP request to a server. When you copy a configuration file from the router to a server using FTP, the Cisco IOS software sends the first valid username it encounters in the following list:

  1. The username specified in the copy privileged EXEC command, if a username is specified.

  2. The username set by the ipftpusername global configuration command, if the command is configured.

  3. Anonymous.

The router sends the first valid password it encounters in the following list:

  1. The password specified in the copy privileged EXEC command, if a password is specified.

  2. The password set by the ip ftp password command, if the command is configured.

The router forms a password username @routername .domain . The variable username is the username associated with the current session, routername is the configured host name, and domain is the domain of the router.

The username and password must be associated with an account on the FTP server. If you are writing to the server, the FTP server must be properly configured to accept the FTP write request from the user on the router.

If the server has a directory structure, the configuration file or image is written to or copied from the directory associated with the username on the server. For example, if the system image resides in the home directory of a user on the server, specify that user’s name as the remote username.

Refer to the documentation for your FTP server for more information.

Use the ip ftp username and ip ftp password commands to specify a username and password for all copies. Include the username in the copy command if you want to specify a username for that copy operation only.

Copying an Image from Flash Memory to an FTP Server

To copy a system image to an FTP network server, complete the tasks in this section:

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    ip ftp username username

    4.    ip ftp password password

    5.    end

    6.    show flash-filesystem :

    7.    copy flash-filesystem : filename ftp: [[[//[username [:password ]@]location ]/directory ]/filename ]


DETAILED STEPS
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Router> enable
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.

     
    Step 2 configure terminal


    Example:
    Router# configure terminal
     

    (Optional) Enters global configuration mode. This step is required only if you override the default remote username or password (see Steps 2 and 3).

     
    Step 3 ip ftp username username


    Example:
    Router(config)# ip ftp username user1
     

    (Optional) Changes the default remote username.

     
    Step 4 ip ftp password password


    Example:
    Router(config)# ip ftp password guessme
     

    (Optional) Changes the default password.

     
    Step 5 end


    Example:
    Router(config)# end
     

    (Optional) Exits global configuration mode. This step is required only if you override the default remote username or password (see Steps 2 and 3).

     
    Step 6 show flash-filesystem :


    Example:
    Router# show flash:
     

    (Optional) Displays the system image file in the specified flash directory. If you do not already know it, note the exact spelling of the system image filename in flash memory.

     
    Step 7 copy flash-filesystem : filename ftp: [[[//[username [:password ]@]location ]/directory ]/filename ]


    Example:
    Router# copy slot0:1:your-ios ftp://myuser:mypass@172.23.1.129/dirt/sysadmin/your-ios
     

    Copies the image to the FTP server.

    Note   

    After you have issued the copy privileged EXEC command, you may be prompted for additional information or for confirmation of the action. The prompting will depend on how much information you provide in the copy command and the current setting of the fileprompt global configuration command.

     

    Examples

    The following example uses the showslot1:privilegedEXEC command to display the name of the system image file in the second PCMCIA slot, and copies the file (test) to an FTP server:

    Router# show slot1:
    -#- ED --type-- --crc--- -seek-- nlen -length- -----date/time------ name
    1   .. 1        46A11866 2036C   4    746      May 16 1995 16:24:37 test
    Router# copy slot1:test ftp://thisuser:thatpass@172.16.13.110/test
    writing test!!!!...
    successful ftp write.

    In this example, the file named your-ios is copied from partition 1 of the flash memory PC card in slot 0 to the TFTP server at 172.23.1.129. The file will be saved with the name your-ios in the dirt/sysadmin directory relative to the directory of the remote username.

    Router# show slot0: partition 1
    PCMCIA Slot0 flash directory, partition 1:
    File  Length   Name/status
      1   1711088 your-ios 
    [1711152 bytes used, 2483152 available, 4194304 total]
    Router# copy slot0:1:your-ios ftp://myuser:mypass@172.23.1.129/dirt/sysadmin/your-ios
    Verifying checksum for 'your-ios' (file # 1)...  OK
    Copy 'your-ios' from Flash to server
      as 'dirt/sysadmin/ios-2'? [yes/no] yes
    !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
    Upload to server done
    Flash device copy took 00:00:23 [hh:mm:ss]

    Copying from an FTP Server to Flash Memory

    To copy a system image from an FTP server to a flash memory file system, complete the tasks in this section:

    SUMMARY STEPS

      1.    enable

      2.    show flash-filesystem :

      3.    copy flash-url tftp :[[[//location ]/directory ]/filename ]

      4.    configure terminal

      5.    ip ftp username username

      6.    ip ftp password password

      7.    end

      8.    copy ftp: [[[//[username [:password ]@]location ] /directory ]/filename ]flash-filesystem:[filename ]


    DETAILED STEPS
       Command or ActionPurpose
      Step 1 enable


      Example:
      Router> enable
       

      Enables privileged EXEC mode.

      • Enter your password if prompted.

       
      Step 2 show flash-filesystem :


      Example:
      Router# show flash:
       

      (Optional) Displays the system image filename in Flash memory. Use this command to verify the url-path of the file and the exact spelling of the system image filename for use in the next command.

       
      Step 3 copy flash-url tftp :[[[//location ]/directory ]/filename ]


      Example:
      Router# copy slot0:1:your-ios tftp://172.23.1.129/dirt/sysadmin/your-ios
       

      Copies the system image from Flash memory to a TFTP server. Specify the file location and filename as the flash-url argument.

      Note   

      After you have issued the copy privileged EXEC command, you may be prompted for additional information or for confirmation of the action. The prompting will depend on how much information you provide in the copy command and the current setting of the fileprompt global configuration command.

       
      Step 4 configure terminal


      Example:
      Router# configure terminal
       

      (Optional) Enters global configuration mode from the terminal. This step is required only if you want to override the default remote username or password (see Steps 3 and 4).

       
      Step 5 ip ftp username username


      Example:
      Router(config)# ip ftp username netuser1
       

      (Optional) Changes the default remote username.

       
      Step 6 ip ftp password password


      Example:
      Router(config)# ip ftp password guessme
       

      (Optional) Changes the default password.

       
      Step 7 end


      Example:
      Router(config)# end
       

      (Optional) Exits global configuration mode. This step is required only if you override the default remote username or password (see Steps 3 and 4).

       
      Step 8 copy ftp: [[[//[username [:password ]@]location ] /directory ]/filename ]flash-filesystem:[filename ]


      Example:
      Router# copy ftp://myuser:mypass@theserver/tftpboot/sub3/c7200-js-mz slot1:c7200-js-mz
       

      Copies the configuration file from a network server to running memory or the startup configuration using rcp.

      Note   

      After you have issued the copy privileged EXEC command, you may be prompted for additional information or for confirmation of the action. The prompting will depend on how much information you provide in the copy command and the current setting of the fileprompt global configuration command.

       

      Examples

      The following example illustrates how to use the reload command to reload the software on the router on the current day at 7:30 p.m.:

      Router# reload at 19:30
      Reload scheduled for 19:30:00 UTC Wed Jun 5 1996 (in 2 hours and 25 minutes)
      Proceed with reload? [confirm]
      

      The following example illustrates how to use the reload command to reload the software on the router at a future time:

      Router# reload at 02:00 jun 20
      Reload scheduled for 02:00:00 UTC Thu Jun 20 1996 (in 344 hours and 53 minutes)
      Proceed with reload? [confirm]