IP SLAs Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS XE Release 3S
Configuring IP SLAs ICMP Path Echo Operations
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Configuring IP SLAs ICMP Path Echo Operations

Configuring IP SLAs ICMP Path Echo Operations

This module describes how to configure an IP Service Level Agreements (SLAs) Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) Path Echo operation to monitor end-to-end and hop-by-hop response time between a Cisco device and other devices using IP. ICMP Path Echo is useful for determining network availability and for troubleshooting network connectivity issues. The results of the ICMP Path Echo operation can be displayed and analyzed to determine how ICMP is performing.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Restrictions for IP SLAs ICMP Path Echo Operations

We recommend using a Cisco networking device as the destination device although any networking device that supports RFC 862, Echo protocol, can be used.

Information About IP SLAs ICMP Path Echo Operations

ICMP Path Echo Operation

To monitor ICMP Path Echo performance on a device, use the IP SLAs ICMP Path Echo operation. An ICMP Path Echo operation measures end-to-end and hop-by-hop response time between a Cisco device and other devices using IP. ICMP Path Echo is useful for determining network availability and for troubleshooting network connectivity issues.

The IP SLAs ICMP Path Echo operation records statistics for each hop along the path that the IP SLAs operation takes to reach its destination. The ICMP Path Echo operation determines this hop-by-hop response time between a Cisco device and any IP device on the network by discovering the path using the traceroute facility.

In the figure below the source IP SLAs device uses traceroute to discover the path to the destination IP device. A ping is then used to measure the response time between the source IP SLAs device and each subsequent hop in the path to the destination IP device.

Figure 1. ICMP Path Echo Operation

Using the statistics recorded for the response times and availability, the ICMP Path Echo operation can identify a hop in the path that is causing a bottleneck.

How to Configure IP SLAs ICMP Path Echo Operations

Configuring an ICMP Path Echo Operation on the Source Device


Note


This operation does not require an IP SLAs Responder on the destination device.


Perform only one of the following tasks:

Configuring a Basic ICMP Path Echo Operation on the Source Device

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    ip sla operation-id

    4.    path-echo {destination-ip-address | destination-hostname} [source-ip {ip-address | hostname}]

    5.    frequency seconds

    6.    end


DETAILED STEPS
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Device> enable
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.
     
    Step 2 configure terminal


    Example:
    Device# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3 ip sla operation-id


    Example:
    Device(config)# ip sla 7
     

    Specifies an ID number for the operation being configured, and enters IP SLA configuration mode.

     
    Step 4 path-echo {destination-ip-address | destination-hostname} [source-ip {ip-address | hostname}]


    Example:
    Device(config-ip-sla)# path-echo protocol 172.29.139.134
     

    Defines a Path Echo operation and enters IP SLA Path Echo configuration mode.

     
    Step 5 frequency seconds


    Example:
    Device(config-ip-sla-pathEcho)# frequency 30
     

    (Optional) Sets the rate at which a specified IP SLAs operation repeats.

     
    Step 6 end


    Example:
    Device(config-ip-sla-pathEcho)# end 
     

    Exits to privileged EXEC mode.

     
    Example

    The following example shows the configuration of the IP SLAs ICMP Path Echo operation number 7 that will start in 30 seconds and run for 5 minutes.

    ip sla 7
     path-echo 172.29.139.134
     frequency 30
    !
    ip sla schedule 7 start-time after 00:00:30 life 300

    Configuring an ICMP Path Echo Operation with Optional Parameters on the Source Device

    SUMMARY STEPS

      1.    enable

      2.    configure terminal

      3.    ip sla operation-number

      4.    path-echo {destination-ip-address | destination-hostname} [source-ip {ip-address | hostname}]

      5.    history buckets-kept size

      6.    history distributions-of-statistics-kept size

      7.    history enhanced [interval seconds] [buckets number-of-buckets]

      8.    history filter {none | all | overThreshold | failures}

      9.    frequency seconds

      10.    history hours-of-statistics-kept hours

      11.    history lives-kept lives

      12.    owner owner-id

      13.    paths-of-statistics-kept size

      14.    request-data-size bytes

      15.    samples-of-history-kept samples

      16.    history statistics-distribution-interval milliseconds

      17.    tag text

      18.    threshold milliseconds

      19.    timeout milliseconds

      20.    tos number

      21.    verify-data

      22.    vrf vrf-name

      23.    end


    DETAILED STEPS
       Command or ActionPurpose
      Step 1 enable


      Example:
      Device> enable
       

      Enables privileged EXEC mode.

      • Enter your password if prompted.
       
      Step 2 configure terminal


      Example:
      Device# configure terminal
       

      Enters global configuration mode.

       
      Step 3 ip sla operation-number


      Example:
      Device(config)# ip sla 10
       

      Begins configuration for an IP SLAs operation and enters IP SLA configuration mode.

       
      Step 4 path-echo {destination-ip-address | destination-hostname} [source-ip {ip-address | hostname}]


      Example:
      Device(config-ip-sla)# path-echo 172.29.139.134
       

      Defines a Path Echo operation and enters IP SLA Path Echo configuration mode.

       
      Step 5 history buckets-kept size


      Example:
      Device(config-ip-sla-pathEcho)# history buckets-kept 25
       

      (Optional) Sets the number of history buckets that are kept during the lifetime of an IP SLAs operation.

       
      Step 6 history distributions-of-statistics-kept size


      Example:
      Device(config-ip-sla-pathEcho)# history distributions-of-statistics-kept 5
       

      (Optional) Sets the number of statistics distributions kept per hop during an IP SLAs operation.

       
      Step 7 history enhanced [interval seconds] [buckets number-of-buckets]


      Example:
      Device(config-ip-sla-pathEcho)# history enhanced interval 900 buckets 100
       

      (Optional) Enables enhanced history gathering for an IP SLAs operation.

       
      Step 8 history filter {none | all | overThreshold | failures}


      Example:
      Device(config-ip-sla-pathEcho)# history filter failures
       

      (Optional) Defines the type of information kept in the history table for an IP SLAs operation.

       
      Step 9 frequency seconds


      Example:
      Device(config-ip-sla-pathEcho)# frequency 30
       

      (Optional) Sets the rate at which a specified IP SLAs operation repeats.

       
      Step 10 history hours-of-statistics-kept hours


      Example:
      Device(config-ip-sla-pathEcho)# history hours-of-statistics-kept 4
       

      (Optional) Sets the number of hours for which statistics are maintained for an IP SLAs operation.

       
      Step 11 history lives-kept lives


      Example:
      Device(config-ip-sla-pathEcho)# history lives-kept 5
       

      (Optional) Sets the number of lives maintained in the history table for an IP SLAs operation.

       
      Step 12 owner owner-id


      Example:
      Device(config-ip-sla-pathEcho)# owner admin 
       

      (Optional) Configures the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) owner of an IP SLAs operation.

       
      Step 13 paths-of-statistics-kept size


      Example:
      Device(config-ip-sla-pathEcho)# paths-of-statistics-kept 3
       

      (Optional) Sets the number of paths for which statistics are maintained per hour for an IP SLAs operation.

       
      Step 14 request-data-size bytes


      Example:
      Device(config-ip-sla-pathEcho)# request-data-size 64
       

      (Optional) Sets the protocol data size in the payload of an IP SLAs operation's request packet.

       
      Step 15 samples-of-history-kept samples


      Example:
      Device(config-ip-sla-pathEcho)# samples-of-history-kept 10
       

      (Optional) Sets the number of entries kept in the history table per bucket for an IP SLAs operation.

       
      Step 16 history statistics-distribution-interval milliseconds


      Example:
      Device(config-ip-sla-pathEcho)# history statistics-distribution-interval 10
       

      (Optional) Sets the time interval for each statistics distribution kept for an IP SLAs operation.

       
      Step 17 tag text


      Example:
      Device(config-ip-sla-pathEcho)# tag TelnetPollServer1 
       

      (Optional) Creates a user-specified identifier for an IP SLAs operation.

       
      Step 18 threshold milliseconds


      Example:
      Device(config-ip-sla-pathEcho)# threshold 10000
       

      (Optional) Sets the upper threshold value for calculating network monitoring statistics created by an IP SLAs operation.

       
      Step 19 timeout milliseconds


      Example:
      Device(config-ip-sla-pathEcho)# timeout 10000 
       

      (Optional) Sets the amount of time an IP SLAs operation waits for a response from its request packet.

       
      Step 20 tos number


      Example:
      Device(config-ip-sla-pathEcho)# tos 160 
       

      (Optional) Defines a type of service (ToS) byte in the IP header of an IP SLAs operation.

       
      Step 21 verify-data


      Example:
      Device(config-ip-sla-pathEcho)# verify-data
       

      (Optional) Causes an IP SLAs operation to check each reply packet for data corruption.

       
      Step 22 vrf vrf-name


      Example:
      Device(config-ip-sla-pathEcho)# vrf vpn-A 
       

      (Optional) Allows monitoring within Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) using IP SLAs operations.

       
      Step 23 end


      Example:
      Device(config-ip-sla-pathEcho)# end
       

      Exits to privileged EXEC mode.

       

      Scheduling IP SLAs Operations

      Before You Begin
      • All IP Service Level Agreements (SLAs) operations to be scheduled must be already configured.
      • The frequency of all operations scheduled in a multioperation group must be the same.
      • The list of one or more operation ID numbers to be added to a multioperation group must be limited to a maximum of 125 characters in length, including commas (,).
      SUMMARY STEPS

        1.    enable

        2.    configure terminal

        3.    Enter one of the following commands:

        • ip sla schedule operation-number [life {forever | seconds}] [start-time {[hh:mm:ss] [month day | day month] | pending | now | after hh:mm:ss}] [ageout seconds] [recurring]
        • ip sla group schedule group-operation-number operation-id-numbers {schedule-period schedule-period-range | schedule-together} [ageout seconds] [frequency group-operation-frequency] [life {forever | seconds}] [start-time {hh:mm [:ss] [month day | day month] | pending | now | after hh:mm [:ss]}]

        4.    end

        5.    show ip sla group schedule

        6.    show ip sla configuration


      DETAILED STEPS
         Command or ActionPurpose
        Step 1 enable


        Example:
        Device> enable
         

        Enables privileged EXEC mode.

        • Enter your password if prompted.
         
        Step 2 configure terminal


        Example:
        Device# configure terminal
         

        Enters global configuration mode.

         
        Step 3 Enter one of the following commands:
        • ip sla schedule operation-number [life {forever | seconds}] [start-time {[hh:mm:ss] [month day | day month] | pending | now | after hh:mm:ss}] [ageout seconds] [recurring]
        • ip sla group schedule group-operation-number operation-id-numbers {schedule-period schedule-period-range | schedule-together} [ageout seconds] [frequency group-operation-frequency] [life {forever | seconds}] [start-time {hh:mm [:ss] [month day | day month] | pending | now | after hh:mm [:ss]}]


        Example:
        Device(config)# ip sla schedule 10 life forever start-time now
        Device(config)# ip sla schedule 10 schedule-period frequency
        Device(config)# ip sla group schedule 1 3,4,6-9 life forever start-time now 
        Device(config)# ip sla schedule 1 3,4,6-9 schedule-period 50 frequency range 80-100
         
        • Configures the scheduling parameters for an individual IP SLAs operation.
        • Specifies an IP SLAs operation group number and the range of operation numbers for a multioperation scheduler.
         
        Step 4 end


        Example:
        Device(config)# end
         

        Exits global configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

         
        Step 5 show ip sla group schedule


        Example:
        Device# show ip sla group schedule
         

        (Optional) Displays IP SLAs group schedule details.

         
        Step 6 show ip sla configuration


        Example:
        Device# show ip sla configuration
         

        (Optional) Displays IP SLAs configuration details.

         

        Troubleshooting Tips

        • If the IP Service Level Agreements (SLAs) operation is not running and not generating statistics, add the verify-data command to the configuration (while configuring in IP SLA configuration mode) to enable data verification. When data verification is enabled, each operation response is checked for corruption. Use the verify-data command with caution during normal operations because it generates unnecessary overhead.
        • Use the debug ip sla trace and debug ip sla error commands to help troubleshoot issues with an IP SLAs operation.

        What to Do Next

        To add proactive threshold conditions and reactive triggering for generating traps (or for starting another operation) to an IP Service Level Agreements (SLAs) operation, see the “Configuring Proactive Threshold Monitoring” section.

        Configuration Examples for IP SLAs ICMP Path Echo Operations

        Example Configuring an ICMP Path Echo Operation

        The following example shows how to configure an IP SLAs operation type of ICMP Path Echo that will start after 30 seconds and run for 5 minutes. The figure below depicts the ICMP Path Echo operation.

        Figure 2. ICMP Path Echo Operation

        This example sets a Path Echo operation (ip sla 3) from Device B to Device A using IP/ICMP. The operation attempts to execute three times in 25 seconds (first attempt at 0 seconds).

        Device B Configuration

        ip sla 3
         path-echo 172.29.139.134
         frequency 10
         tag SGN-RO
         timeout 1000
        ip sla schedule 3 life 25

        Additional References for IP SLAs ICMP Echo Operations

        Related Documents

        Related Topic

        Document Title

        Cisco IOS commands

        Cisco IOS Master Commands List, All Releases

        IP SLAs commands

        Cisco IOS IP SLAs Command Reference

        Information about Cisco IP SLAs

        “Cisco IOS IP SLAs Overview” module of the IP SLAs Configuration Guide

        Standards and RFCs

        Standard/RFC

        Title

        RFC 862

        Echo Protocol

        MIBs

        MIBs

        MIBs Link

        CISCO-RTTMON-MIB

        To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

        http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​go/​mibs

        Technical Assistance

        Description

        Link

        The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

        http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​cisco/​web/​support/​index.html

        Feature Information for IP SLAs ICMP Path Echo Operations

        The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

        Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

        Table 1 Feature Information for IP SLAs ICMP Path Echo Operations

        Feature Name

        Releases

        Feature Information

        IP SLAs ICMP Path Echo Operation

        12.2(31)SB2

        12.2(33)SRB1

        12.2(33)SXH

        12.3(14)T

        Cisco IOS XE Release 2.1

        15.0(1)S

        Cisco IOS XE 3.1.0SG

        The Cisco IOS IP SLAs Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) path echo operation allows you to measure end-to-end and hop-by-hop network response time between a Cisco device and other devices using IP.

        IP SLA 4.0 - IP v6 phase2

        15.2(3)T

        Cisco IOS XE Release 3.7S

        15.1(2)SG

        Cisco IOS XE Release 3.4SG

        Support was added for operability in IPv6 networks.

        The following commands are introduced or modified: path-echo (IP SLA), show ip sla configuration, show ip sla summary.