IP Routing: OSPF Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS XE Release 3S
OSPFv3 Multiarea Adjacency
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OSPFv3 Multiarea Adjacency

OSPFv3 Multiarea Adjacency

The OSPFv3 Multiarea Adjacency feature allows you to configure a link that multiple Open Shortest Path First version 3 (OSPFv3) areas can share to enable optimized routing. You can add more than one area to an existing OSPFv3 primary interface.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Prerequisites for OSPFv3 Multiarea Adjacency

  • Ensure that Open Shortest Path First version 3 (OSPFv3) is configured on the primary interface.
  • Ensure that the primary interface type is point-to-point.

Restrictions for OSPFv3 Multiarea Adjacency

  • A multiarea interface operates only if OSPFv3 is configured on the primary interface and the OSPFv3 network type of the primary interface is point-to-point.
  • A multiarea interface exists as a logical construct over a primary interface for OSPFv3; however, the neighbor state on the primary interface is independent of the multiarea interface.
  • A multiarea interface establishes a neighbor relationship with the corresponding multiarea interface on the neighboring device. A mixture of multiarea and primary interfaces is not supported.
  • A multiarea interface advertises a point-to-point connection to another device in the device link-state advertisement (LSA) for the corresponding area when the neighbor state is full.
  • A multiarea interface inherits all the OSPFv3 parameters (such as, authentication) from the primary interface. You cannot configure the parameters on a multiarea interface; however, you can configure the parameters on the primary interface.

Information About OSPFv3 Multiarea Adjacency

OSPFv3 Multiarea Adjacency Overview

Open Shortest Path First version 3 (OSPFv3) allows a single physical link to be shared by multiple areas. This creates an intra-area path in each of the corresponding areas sharing the same link. All areas have an interface on which you can configure OSPFv3. One of these interfaces is designated as the primary interface and others as secondary interfaces.

The OSPFv3 Multiarea Adjacency feature allows you to configure a link on the primary interface to enable optimized routing in multiple areas. Each multiarea interface is announced as a point-to-point unnumbered link. The multiarea interface exists as a logical construct over an existing primary interface. The neighbor state on the primary interface is independent of the neighbor state of the multiarea interface. The multiarea interface establishes a neighbor relationship with the corresponding multiarea interface on the neighboring device. You can only configure multiarea adjacency on an interface that has two OSPFv3 speakers.

Use the ospfv3 multi-area command to configure multiarea adjacency on the primary OSPFv3 interface.

How to Configure OSPFv3 Multiarea Adjacency

Configuring OSPFv3 Multiarea Adjacency

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    interface type number

    4.    ipv6 enable

    5.    ospfv3 multi-area multi-area-id

    6.    ospfv3 multi-area multi-area-id cost interface-cost

    7.    ospfv3 process-id ipv6 area area-id

    8.    serial restart-delay count

    9.    end


DETAILED STEPS
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Device> enable
     
    Enables privileged EXEC mode.
    • Enter your password if prompted.
     
    Step 2configure terminal


    Example:
    Device# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3interface type number


    Example:
    Device(config)# interface serial 2/0
     

    Specifies the interface type and number.

     
    Step 4ipv6 enable


    Example:
    Device(config-if)# ipv6 enable
     

    Enables IPv6 processing on an interface that has not been configured with an explicit IPv6 address.

     
    Step 5ospfv3 multi-area multi-area-id


    Example:
    Device(config-if)# ospfv3 multi-area 100
     
    Configures multiarea adjacency on the interface.
    • The multi-area-id argument identifies the OSPFv3 multiarea. The range is from 0 to 4294967295, or you can use an IP address.
     
    Step 6ospfv3 multi-area multi-area-id cost interface-cost


    Example:
    Device(config-if)# ospfv3 multi-area 100 cost 512
     

    (Optional) Specifies the cost of sending a packet on an OSPFv3 multiarea interface. Use this command to specify the cost only if you want the cost of the multiarea interface to be different than the cost of the primary interface.

     
    Step 7ospfv3 process-id ipv6 area area-id


    Example:
    Device(config-if)# ospfv3 1 ipv6 area 0
     
    Configures the OSPFv3 interface.
    • The process-id argument identifies the OSPF process. The range is from 1 to 65535.
    • The area-id argument identifies the OSPF area. The range is from 0 to 4294967295, or you can use an IP address.
     
    Step 8serial restart-delay count


    Example:
    Device(config-if)# serial restart-delay 0
     

    Sets the amount of time that the router waits before trying to bring up a serial interface when it goes down. The count argument specifies the frequency (in seconds) at which that hardware is reset. The range is from 0 to 900.

     
    Step 9end


    Example:
    Device(config-if)# end
     

    Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

     

    Verifying OSPFv3 Multiarea Adjacency

    SUMMARY STEPS

      1.    enable

      2.    show ospfv3 interface brief

      3.    show ospfv3 multi-area

      4.    show ospfv3 interface


    DETAILED STEPS
       Command or ActionPurpose
      Step 1 enable


      Example:
      Device> enable
       
      Enables privileged EXEC mode.
      • Enter your password if prompted.
       
      Step 2 show ospfv3 interface brief


      Example:
      Device# show ospfv3 interface brief
       

      Displays brief information about Open Shortest Path First version 3 (OSPFv3) interfaces.

       
      Step 3 show ospfv3 multi-area


      Example:
      Device# show ospfv3 multi-area
       

      Displays information about OSPFv3 multiarea interfaces.

       
      Step 4 show ospfv3 interface


      Example:
      Device# show ospfv3 interface
       

      Displays information about OSPFv3 interfaces.

       

      Configuration Examples for OSPFv3 Multiarea Adjacency

      Example: OSPFv3 Multiarea Adjacency Configuration

      Device> enable
      Device# configure terminal
      Device(config)# interface serial 2/0
      Device(config-if)# ipv6 enable
      Device(config-if)# ospfv3 multi-area 100
      Device(config-if)# ospfv3 multi-area 100 cost 512
      Device(config-if)# ospfv3 1 ipv6 area 0
      Device(config-if)# serial restart-delay 0
      Device(config-if)# end
      

      Example: Verifying OSPFv3 Multiarea Adjacency

      Sample Output for the show ospfv3 interface brief Command

      To display brief information about Open Shortest Path First version 3 (OSPFv3) interfaces, use the show ospfv3 interface brief command in privileged EXEC mode.
      Device# show ospfv3 interface brief
      
      Interface PID Area  AF   Cost  State Nbrs F/C
      Se2/0     1   0    ipv6  64    P2P   1/1
      MA2 1     1   100  ipv6  512   P2P   1/1
      
      To display information about OSPFv3 multiarea interfaces, use the show ospfv3 multi-area command in privileged EXEC mode.
      Device# show ospfv3 multi-area
      
      OSPFV3_MA2 is up, line protocol is up
      Primary Interface Serial2/0, Area 100
      Interface ID 10
      MTU is 1500 bytes
      Neighbor Count is 1

      To display information about OSPFv3 interfaces, use the show ospfv3 interface command in privileged EXEC mode.

      Device# show ospfv3 interface
      
      Serial2/0 is up, line protocol is up
      Link Local Address 2001:DB8:0:ABCD::1, Interface ID 10
      Area 0, Process ID 1, Instance ID 0, Router ID 10.0.0.12
      Network Type POINT_TO_POINT, Cost: 64
      Transmit Delay is 1 sec, State POINT_TO_POINT
      Timer intervals configured, Hello 10, Dead 40, Wait 40, Retransmit 5
      Hello due in 00:00:07
      Graceful restart helper support enabled
      Index 1/1/1, flood queue length 0
      Next 0x0(0)/0x0(0)/0x0(0)
      Last flood scan length is 1, maximum is 1
      Last flood scan time is 0 msec, maximum is 0 msec
      Neighbor Count is 1, Adjacent neighbor count is 1
      Adjacent with neighbor 10.0.0.22
      Suppress hello for 0 neighbor(s)
      Multi-area interface Count is 1
      OSPFV3_MA2 interface exists in area 100 Neighbor Count is 1
      OSPFV3_MA2 is up, line protocol is up
      Link Local Address 2001:DB8:0:ABCD::1, Interface ID 10
      Area 100, Process ID 1, Instance ID 0, Router ID 10.0.0.12
      Network Type POINT_TO_POINT, Cost: 512
      Transmit Delay is 1 sec, State POINT_TO_POINT
      Timer intervals configured, Hello 10, Dead 40, Wait 40, Retransmit 5
      Hello due in 00:00:08
      Graceful restart helper support enabled
      Index 1/1/2, flood queue length 0
      Next 0x0(0)/0x0(0)/0x0(0)
      Last flood scan length is 1, maximum is 1
      Last flood scan time is 0 msec, maximum is 0 msec
      Neighbor Count is 1, Adjacent neighbor count is 1
      Adjacent with neighbor 10.0.0.22
      

      Additional References for OSPFv3 Multiarea Adjacency

      Related Documents

      Related Topic

      Document Title

      Cisco IOS commands

      Cisco IOS Master Command List, All Releases

      IPv6 commands

      Cisco IOS IPv6 Command Reference

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      Feature Information for OSPFv3 Multiarea Adjacency

      The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

      Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

      Feature Name

      Releases

      Feature Information

      OSPFv3 Multiarea Adjacency

      15.4(2)T

      The OSPFv3 Multiarea Adjacency feature allows you to configure a link that multiple Open Shortest Path First version 3 (OSPFv3) areas can share to enable optimized routing. You can add more than one area to an existing OSPFv3 primary interface.