IP Routing: OSPF Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS Release 15S
OSPF Link-State Advertisement Throttling
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OSPF Link-State Advertisement Throttling

OSPF Link-State Advertisement Throttling

The OSPF Link-State Advertisement (LSA) Throttling feature provides a dynamic mechanism to slow down link-state advertisement (LSA) updates in OSPF during times of network instability. It also allows faster Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) convergence by providing LSA rate limiting in milliseconds.

History for the OSPF LSA Throttling Feature

Release

Modification

12.0(25)S

This feature was introduced.

12.3(2)T

This feature was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.3(2)T.

12.2(18)S

This feature was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(18)S.

12.2(27)SBC

This feature was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(27)SBC.

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Prerequisites for OSPF LSA Throttling

It is presumed that you have OSPF configured in your network.

Information About OSPF LSA Throttling

Benefits of OSPF LSA Throttling

Prior to the OSPF LSA Throttling feature, LSA generation was rate-limited for 5 seconds. That meant that changes in an LSA could not be propagated in milliseconds, so the OSPF network could not achieve millisecond convergence.

The OSPF LSA Throttling feature is enabled by default and allows faster OSPF convergence (in milliseconds). This feature can be customized. One command controls the generation (sending) of LSAs and another command controls the receiving interval. This feature also provides a dynamic mechanism to slow down the frequency of LSA updates in OSPF during times of network instability.

How OSPF LSA Throttling Works

The timers throttle lsa all command controls the generation (sending) of LSAs. The first LSA is always generated immediately upon an OSPF topology change, and the next LSA generated is controlled by the minimum start interval. The subsequent LSAs generated for the same LSA are rate-limited until the maximum interval is reached. The "same LSA" is defined as an LSA instance that contains the same LSA ID number, LSA type, and advertising router ID.

The timers lsa arrival command controls the minimum interval for accepting the same LSA. If an instance of the same LSA arrives sooner than the interval that is set, the LSA is dropped. It is recommended that the arrival interval be less than or equal to the hold-time interval of the timers throttle lsa all command.

How to Customize OSPF LSA Throttling

Customizing OSPF LSA Throttling

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    router ospf process-id

    4.    timers throttle lsa all start-interval hold-interval max-interval

    5.    timers lsa arrival milliseconds

    6.    end

    7.    show ip ospf timers rate-limit

    8.    show ip ospf


DETAILED STEPS
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Router> enable
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.
     
    Step 2 configure terminal


    Example:
    Router# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3 router ospf process-id


    Example:
    Router(config)# router ospf 1
     

    Configures an OSPF routing process.

     
    Step 4 timers throttle lsa all start-interval hold-interval max-interval


    Example:
    Router(config-router)# timers throttle lsa all 100 10000 45000
     

    (Optional) Sets the rate-limiting values (in milliseconds) for LSA generation.

    • The default values are as follows:
      • start-intervalis 0 milliseconds
      • hold-intervalis 5000 milliseconds
      • max-intervalis 5000 milliseconds
     
    Step 5 timers lsa arrival milliseconds


    Example:
    Router(config-router)# timers lsa arrival 2000
     

    (Optional) Sets the minimum interval (in milliseconds) between instances of receiving the same LSA.

    • The default value is 1000 milliseconds.
    • We suggest you keep the millisecondsvalue of the LSA arrival timer less than or equal to the neighbors’ hold-interval value of the timers throttle lsa all command.
     
    Step 6 end


    Example:
    Router(config-router)# end
     

    Exits router configuration mode.

     
    Step 7 show ip ospf timers rate-limit


    Example:
    Router# show ip ospf timers rate-limit


    Example:
    LSAID: 10.1.1.1    Type: 1   Adv Rtr: 172.16.2.2 Due in: 00:00:00.028


    Example:
    LSAID: 192.168.4.1   Type: 3   Adv Rtr: 172.17.2.2 Due in: 00:00:00.028
     

    (Optional) Displays a list of the LSAs in the rate limit queue (about to be generated).

    • The example shows two LSAs in the queue. Each LSA is identified by LSA ID number, Type (of LSA), Advertising router ID, and the time in hours:minutes:seconds (to the milliseconds) when the LSA is due to be generated.
     
    Step 8 show ip ospf


    Example:
    Router# show ip ospf


    Example:
    Routing Process "ospf 4" with ID 10.10.24.4


    Example:
     Supports only single TOS(TOS0) routes


    Example:
     Supports opaque LSA


    Example:
     Supports Link-local Signaling (LLS)


    Example:
     Initial SPF schedule delay 5000 msecs


    Example:
     Minimum hold time between two consecutive SPFs 10000 msecs


    Example:
     Maximum wait time between two consecutive SPFs 10000 msecs


    Example:
     Incremental-SPF disabled


    Example:
     Initial LSA throttle delay 100 msecs


    Example:
                
                  
                   Minimum hold time for LSA throttle 10000 msecs
              


    Example:
                
                  
                   Maximum wait time for LSA throttle 45000 msecs
              


    Example:
    Minimum LSA arrival 1000 msecs


    Example:
     LSA group pacing timer 240 secs


    Example:
     Interface flood pacing timer 33 msecs


    Example:
     Retransmission pacing timer 66 msecs


    Example:
     Number of external LSA 0. Checksum Sum 0x0     


    Example:
     Number of opaque AS LSA 0. Checksum Sum 0x0     


    Example:
     Number of DCbitless external and opaque AS LSA 0


    Example:
     Number of DoNotAge external and opaque AS LSA 0


    Example:
     Number of areas in this router is 1. 1 normal 0 stub 0 nssa


    Example:
     External flood list length 0


    Example:
        Area 24


    Example:
            Number of interfaces in this area is 2


    Example:
            Area has no authentication


    Example:
            SPF algorithm last executed 04:28:18.396 ago


    Example:
            SPF algorithm executed 8 times


    Example:
            Area ranges are


    Example:
            Number of LSA 4. Checksum Sum 0x23EB9 


    Example:
            Number of opaque link LSA 0. Checksum Sum 0x0     


    Example:
            Number of DCbitless LSA 0


    Example:
            Number of indication LSA 0


    Example:
            Number of DoNotAge LSA 0


    Example:
            Flood list length 0
     

    (Optional) Displays information about OSPF.

    • The output lines shown in bold in the example indicate the LSA throttling values.
     

    Configuration Examples for OSPF LSA Throttling

    Example OSPF LSA Throttling

    This example customizes OSPF LSA throttling so that the start interval is 200 milliseconds, the hold interval is 10,000 milliseconds, and the maximum interval is 45,000 milliseconds. The minimum interval between instances of receiving the same LSA is 2000 milliseconds.

    router ospf 1
     log-adjacency-changes
     timers throttle lsa all 200 10000 45000
     timers lsa arrival 2000
     network 10.10.4.0 0.0.0.255 area 24
     network 10.10.24.0 0.0.0.255 area 24

    Additional References

    The following sections provide references related to OSPF LSA throttling.

    Related Documents

    Related Topic

    Document Title

    OSPF commands

    Cisco IOS IP Routing: OSPF Command Reference

    OSPFv3 Max-Metric Router LSA

    OSPFv3 Max-Metric Router LSA ” module

    Standards

    Standards

    Title

    No new or modified standards are supported by this feature, and support for existing standards has not been modified by this feature.

    --

    MIBs

    MIBs

    MIBs Link

    None

    To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

    http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​go/​mibs

    RFCs

    RFCs

    Title

    No new or modified RFCs are supported by this feature, and support for existing RFCs has not been modified by this feature.

    --

    Technical Assistance

    Description

    Link

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