IP Routing: OSPF Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS Release 15S
Area Command in Interface Mode for OSPFv2
Downloads: This chapterpdf (PDF - 1.31MB) The complete bookPDF (PDF - 5.64MB) | The complete bookePub (ePub - 1.25MB) | The complete bookePub (ePub - 1.21MB) | Feedback

Area Command in Interface Mode for OSPFv2

Area Command in Interface Mode for OSPFv2

This document describes how to enable Open Shortest Path First version 2 (OSPFv2) on a per-interface basis to simplify the configuration of unnumbered interfaces. The ip ospf area command allows you to enable OSPFv2 explicitly on an interface. The ip ospf area command is an alternative to enabling OSPFv2 through the address of the interface that matches the address range specified by the network area command.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Prerequisites for Area Command in Interface Mode for OSPFv2

OSPFv2 must be running on your network.

Restrictions for Area Command in Interface Mode for OSPFv2

The ip ospf area command is supported only for OSPFv2.

Information About Area Command in Interface Mode for OSPFv2

Benefits of Area Command in Interface Mode for OSPFv2 Feature

OSPF is enabled on an interface when the network address for the interface matches the range of addresses that is specified by the network area command that is entered in router configuration mode. You can enable OSPFv2 explicitly on an interface with the ip ospf area command that is entered in interface configuration mode. This capability simplifies the configuration of unnumbered interfaces with different areas.

Because the ip ospf area command is configured explicitly for an interface, it will supersede the effects of the network area command that is entered at the network level to affect the interfaces whose addresses fall within the address range specified for the network area command.

If you later disable the ip ospf area command, the interface still will run OSPFv2 as long as its network address matches the range of addresses that is specified by the network area command.

Configuration Guidelines for the Area Command in Interface Mode for OSPFv2 Feature

When you use the ip ospf area command in interface configuration mode to enable OSPFv2 on an interface, we recommend that you be familiar with the following guidelines.

Interface Is Already OSPFv2-Enabled by network area Command with Same Area and Process

If you enter the ip ospf area command on an interface that is enabled in OSPFv2 by the network area command, the process ID or area ID of the interface does not change, and the interface status will not be changed. However, the interface will be flagged as being configured from interface configuration mode and the configuration data will be saved in the interface description block (IDB).

Interface Is Already Configured by network area Command with Different Area or Process

If you enter the ip ospf area command on an interface that is enabled in OSPFv2 by the network area command, but change the configuration by changing the process ID and area ID of the interface, after the new configuration information is stored in the IDB, the interface will be removed and reattached. Therefore, the interface will be removed from the original area and process and be added to the new ones. The state of the interface will also be reset.

Interface Is Not Configured by network area Command

If the interface is not enabled in OSPFv2 by the network area command, the area and OSPF router instance will be created if needed. When the router is reloaded, the OSPF process will not begin running until system initialization is complete. To remove an OSPF router instance, enter the no router ospf command. Removing the ip ospf area command in interface mode will not result in removing an OSPF router instance.

Removing an interface enable Command

When the interface enable command is removed, the interface will be detached from the area. The area will be removed if it has no other attached interfaces. If the interface address is covered by the network area command, the interface will be enabled once again in the area for the network that it is in.

New Processes

If an OSPF process does not already exist, and a router ID cannot be chosen when either the router ospf command or the interface command is configured, a Proximity Database (PDB) and a process will be created, but the process will be inactive. The process will become active when a router ID is chosen, either when it is explicitly configured using the router-id command or when an IP address becomes available. Note that the router ospf command will now be accepted even if a router ID cannot be chosen, putting the command-line interface (CLI) into the OSPF configuration context. Therefore, the router-id command is to be entered before an IP address is available. If the process is not active and the show ip ospf command is entered, the message "%OSPF: Router process X is not running, please provide a router-id" will be displayed.

Link-State Advertisements and Shortest Path First

If a state change occurs as a result of the interface enable command, new router link-state advertisements (LSAs) will be generated (also for the old area, if the interface is changing areas) and shortest path first (SPF) will be scheduled to run in both the old and new areas.

How to Enable the Area Command in Interface Mode for OSPFv2

Enabling OSPFv2 on an Interface

Perform this task to enable OSPFv2 on an interface.

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    interface type number

    4.    ip ospf process-id area area-id [secondaries none]

    5.    end

    6.    show ip ospf interface [interface-type interface-number]


DETAILED STEPS
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Router> enable
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.

     
    Step 2 configure terminal


    Example:
    Router# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3 interface type number


    Example:
    Router(config)# interface FastEthernet 0/2
     

    Configures an interface type and enters interface configuration mode.

     
    Step 4 ip ospf process-id area area-id [secondaries none]


    Example:
    Router(config-if)# ip ospf 1 area 0 secondaries none
     

    Enables OSPFv2 on an interface.

    • To prevent secondary IP addresses on the interface from being advertised, you must enter the optional secondaries keyword followed by the none keyword.

     
    Step 5 end


    Example:
    Router(config-if)# end
     

    Exits interface configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

     
    Step 6 show ip ospf interface [interface-type interface-number]


    Example:
    Router# show ip ospf interface FastEthernet 0/2
     

    Displays OSPF-related interface information.

    • Once you have enabled OSPFv2 on the interface, you can enter the show ip ospf interface command to verify the configuration.

     

    Configuration Examples for Area Command in Interface Mode for OSPFv2 Feature

    Example: Enabling OSPFv2 on an Interface

    In the following example, OSPFv2 is configured explicitly on Ethernet interface 0/0/0:

    Router(config)# interface Ethernet 0/0/0
    Router(config-if)# bandwidth 10000
    Router(config-if)# ip address 172.16.1.1 255.255.255.0
    Router(config-if)# ip ospf hello-interval 1
    Router(config-if)# ip ospf 1 area 0
    

    When the show ip ospf interface command is entered, the following output shows that Ethernet interface 0/0/0 was configured in interface configuration mode to run OSPFv2. The secondary IP addresses on the interface will also be advertised:

    Router# show ip ospf interface Ethernet 0/0/0
    Ethernet0/0/0 is up, line protocol is up 
      Internet Address 172.16.1.1/24, Area 0 
      Process ID 1, Router ID 172.16.11.11, Network Type BROADCAST, Cost: 10
      Enabled by interface config, including secondary ip addresses
      Transmit Delay is 1 sec, State DR, Priority 1 
      Designated Router (ID) 172.16.11.11, Interface address 172.16.1.1
      Backup Designated router (ID) 172.16.22.11, Interface address 172.16.1.2
      Timer intervals configured, Hello 1, Dead 4, Wait 4, Retransmit 5
        oob-resync timeout 40
        Hello due in 00:00:00
      Supports Link-local Signaling (LLS)
      Index 2/2, flood queue length 0
      Next 0x0(0)/0x0(0)
      Last flood scan length is 1, maximum is 1
      Last flood scan time is 0 msec, maximum is 0 msec
      Neighbor Count is 1, Adjacent neighbor count is 1 
        Adjacent with neighbor 172.26.22.11  (Backup Designated Router)
      Suppress hello for 0 neighbor(s)

    Additional References

    The following sections provide references related to the Area Command in Interface Mode for OSPFv2 feature.

    Related Documents

    Related Topic

    Document Title

    OSPF commands

    Cisco IOS IP Routing: OSPF Command Reference

    OSPF configuration tasks

    "Configuring OSPF" module

    Standards

    Standard

    Title

    No new or modified standards are supported by this feature, and support for existing standards has not been modified by this feature.

    --

    MIBs

    MIB

    MIBs Link

    No new or modified MIBs are supported by this feature, and support for existing MIBs has not been modified by this feature.

    To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

    http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​go/​mibs

    RFCs

    RFC

    Title

    RFC 2328

    OSPF Version 2

    Technical Assistance

    Description

    Link

    The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

    http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​cisco/​web/​support/​index.html

    Feature Information for Area Command in Interface Mode for OSPFv2

    The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

    Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

    Table 1 Feature Information for Area Command in Interface Mode for OSPFv2

    Feature Name

    Releases

    Feature Information

    Area Command in Interface Mode for OSPFv2

    12.0(29)S

    12.3(11)T

    12.2(28)SB

    12.2(33)SRB

    15.0(1)SY

    This document describes how to enable Open Shortest Path First version 2 (OSPFv2) on a per-interface basis to simplify the configuration of unnumbered interfaces. The ip ospf area command allows you to enable OSPFv2 explicitly on an interface. The ip ospf area command is an alternative to enabling OSPFv2 through the address of the interface that matches the address range specified by the network area command.