IP Routing: OSPF Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS Release 15E
OSPF ABR Type 3 LSA Filtering
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OSPF ABR Type 3 LSA Filtering

OSPF ABR Type 3 LSA Filtering

The OSPF ABR Type 3 LSA Filtering feature extends the ability of an ABR that is running the OSPF protocol to filter type 3 link-state advertisements (LSAs) that are sent between different OSPF areas. This feature allows only packets with specified prefixes to be sent from one area to another area and restricts all packets with other prefixes. This type of area filtering can be applied out of a specific OSPF area, into a specific OSPF area, or into and out of the same OSPF areas at the same time.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Benefits

The OSPF ABR Type 3 LSA Filtering feature gives the administrator improved control of route distribution between OSPF areas.

Restrictions

Only type 3 LSAs that originate from an ABR are filtered.

Related Features and Technologies

This feature is an extension of the OSPF routing protocol. For more information about configuring OSPF and configuring route summarization and filtering, refer to the "OSPF" module of the Cisco IOS IP Configuration Guide, Release 12.4 and the Cisco IOS IP Routing Protocols Command Reference, Release 12.4T.

Configuration Tasks

See the following sections for configuration tasks for the OSPF ABR Type 3 LSA Filtering feature. Each task in the list is identified as either required or optional:

Configuring OSPF ABR Type 3 LSA Filtering

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    Router(config)# router ospf process-id

    2.    Router(config-router)# area area-id filter-list prefix prefix-list-name in

    3.    Router(config-router)# exit

    4.    Router(config)# ip prefix-list list-name [seq seq-value] deny | permit network/len [ge ge-value] [le le-value]


DETAILED STEPS
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1 Router(config)# router ospf process-id 

    Configures the router to run an OSPF process.

     
    Step 2 Router(config-router)# area area-id filter-list prefix prefix-list-name in 

    Configures the router to filter interarea routes into the specified area.

     
    Step 3 Router(config-router)# exit 

    Exits router configuration mode and returns to global configuration mode.

     
    Step 4 Router(config)# ip prefix-list list-name [seq seq-value] deny | permit network/len [ge ge-value] [le le-value] 

    Creates a prefix list with the name specified for the list-name argument.

     

    Configuring OSPF ABR Type 3 LSA Filtering

    To filter interarea routes out of a specified area, use the following commands beginning in router configuration mode:

    SUMMARY STEPS

      1.    Router(config)# router ospf process-id

      2.    Router(config-router)# area area-id filter-list prefix prefix-list-name out

      3.    Router(config-router)# exit

      4.    Router(config)# ip prefix-list list-name [seq seq-value] deny | permit network/len [ge ge-value] [le le-value]


    DETAILED STEPS
       Command or ActionPurpose
      Step 1 Router(config)# router ospf process-id 

      Configures the router to run an OSPF process.

       
      Step 2 Router(config-router)# area area-id filter-list prefix prefix-list-name out 

      Configures the router to filter interarea routes out of the specified area.

       
      Step 3 Router(config-router)# exit 

      Exits router configuration mode and returns to global configuration mode.

       
      Step 4 Router(config)# ip prefix-list list-name [seq seq-value] deny | permit network/len [ge ge-value] [le le-value] 

      Creates a prefix list with the name specified for the list-name argument.

       

      Verifying OSPF ABR Type 3 LSA Filtering

      To verify that the OSPF ABR Type 3 LSA Filtering feature has been configured, use the show ip ospf command in the EXEC mode. The show ip ospf command will show that this feature has been enabled by listing the area filter as "in" or "out." The following is sample output from the show ip ospf command:

      router# show ip ospf 1
        Routing Process "ospf 1" with ID 172.16.0.1
        Supports only single TOS(TOS0) routes
        Supports opaque LSA
        It is an area border router
        SPF schedule delay 5 secs, Hold time between two SPFs 10 secs
        Minimum LSA interval 5 secs. Minimum LSA arrival 1 secs
        Number of external LSA 0. Checksum Sum 0x0
        Number of opaque AS LSA 0. Checksum Sum 0x0
        Number of DCbitless external and opaque AS LSA 0
        Number of DoNotAge external and opaque AS LSA 0
        Number of areas in this router is 2. 2 normal 0 stub 0 nssa
        External flood list length 0
           Area BACKBONE(0)
               Number of interfaces in this area is 2
               Area has no authentication
               SPF algorithm executed 6 times
               Area ranges are
                  10.0.0.0/8 Passive Advertise
               Area-filter AREA_0_IN in
               Area-filter AREA_0_OUT out
               Number of LSA 5. Checksum Sum 0x29450
               Number of opaque link LSA 0. Checksum Sum 0x0
               Number of DCbitless LSA 0
               Number of indication LSA 0
               Number of DoNotAge LSA 0
               Flood list length 0
           Area 1
               Number of interfaces in this area is 1
               Area has no authentication
               SPF algorithm executed 4 times
               Area ranges are
               Area-filter AREA_1_IN in
               Area-filter AREA_1_OUT out
               Number of LSA 6. Checksum Sum 0x30100
               Number of opaque link LSA 0. Checksum Sum 0x0
               Number of DCbitless LSA 0
               Number of indication LSA 0
               Number of DoNotAge LSA 0
               Flood list length 0

      Monitoring and Maintaining OSPF ABR Type 3 LSA Filtering

      Command

      Purpose

      Router# show ip prefix-list

      Displays information about a prefix list or prefix list entries.

      Configuration Examples

      The following configuration example output shows interarea filtering that is applied to both incoming and outgoing routes:

      Router(config)# router ospf 1
       log-adjacency-changes
       area 1 filter-list prefix AREA_1_OUT out
       area 3 filter-list prefix AREA_3_IN in
       network 10.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 area 3
       network 172.16.1.0 0.0.0.255 area 0
       network 192.168.0.0 0.255.255.255 area 1
      !
      ip prefix-list AREA_1_OUT seq 10 permit 10.25.0.0/8 ge 16
      ip prefix-list AREA_1_OUT seq 20 permit 172.20.20.0/24
      !
      ip prefix-list AREA_3_IN seq 10 permit 172.31.0.0/16
      !

      Additional References

      The following sections provide references related to OSPF ABR Type 3 LSA Filtering.

      Related Documents

      Related Topic

      Document Title

      Configuring OSPF ABR Type 3 LSA Filtering

      Configuring OSPF ABR Type 3 LSA Filtering

      OSPF commands: complete command syntax, command mode, command history, command defaults, usage guidelines, and examples

      Cisco IOS IP Routing: OSPF Command Reference

      Standards

      Standard

      Title

      None

      --

      MIBs

      MIB

      MIBs Link

      None

      To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

      http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​go/​mibs

      RFCs

      RFC

      Title

      None

      --

      Technical Assistance

      Description

      Link

      The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

      http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​cisco/​web/​support/​index.html

      Feature Information for the OSPF ABR Type 3 LSA Filtering

      The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

      Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

      Table 1 Feature Information for OSPF ABR Type 3 LSA Filtering

      Feature Name

      Releases

      Feature Informatoin

      OSPF ABR Type 3 LSA Filtering

      15.2(1)E

      This feature was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 15.2(1)E.