IP Routing EIGRP Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS Release 15S
EIGRP IPv6 NSF/GR
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EIGRP IPv6 NSF/GR

EIGRP IPv6 NSF/GR

The EIGRP IPv6 NSF/GR feature allows a Nonstop Forwarding (NSF)-aware device that is running Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP) to forward IPv6 packets while EIGRP restarts after recovering from a failure.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Prerequisites for EIGRP IPv6 NSF/GR

  • EIGRP (Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol) IPv6 must be configured on devices. You need not specify the network network-number command in EIGRP named mode. By default, EIGRP IPv6 enables EIGRP on all interfaces configured with an IPv6 address.

  • Cisco software that supports Nonstop Forwarding (NSF) awareness or NSF capabilities must be installed.

  • A redundant facility must be configured to notify EIGRP during a switchover and to notify whether the restart is due to a switchover or a device reboot.

  • An NSF-aware device must be up and completely converged with the network before it can assist an NSF-capable device in an NSF restart operation.

  • All neighboring devices participating in EIGRP NSF must be NSF-capable or NSF-aware.

Restrictions for EIGRP IPv6 NSF/GR

  • Nonstop Forwarding (NSF) is supported on platforms that support high-availability systems.

  • An Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP) NSF-aware network does not allow two neighbors to perform an NSF restart operation at the same time. However, neighbors can re-establish peering sessions after the NSF restart operation is complete.

  • NSF for IPv6 is supported only in EIGRP named mode configurations.

Information About EIGRP IPv6 NSF/GR

EIGRP IPv6 NSF/GR

The EIGRP IPv6 NSF/GR feature allows a Nonstop Forwarding (NSF)-aware device that is running Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP) to forward IPv6 packets along routes that are known to a device that is performing a switchover operation. EIGRP peers retain adjacencies and routes learned from a restarting peer (the device that is undergoing a switchover), and the EIGRP peers continue to forward IPv6 packets to the restarting peer. The high-availability systems on the device retain the forwarding table and continue to forward IPv6 packets until the control plane (EIGRP) has converged on the restarting device.

NSF allows forwarding of IPv6 packets while the device restarts after a failure. Graceful Restart (GR) allows topology databases to resynchronize while maintaining neighbor relationships and forwarding paths.


Note


NSF supports IPv4 in EIGRP classic mode and named mode configurations. NSF supports IPv6 in named mode. For more information about the EIGRP IPv4 NSF feature, see the “EIGRP Nonstop Forwarding Awareness” module in the IP Routing: EIGRP Configuration Guide.


EIGRP IPv6 NSF Timers

The EIGRP IPv6 NSF/GR feature supports three types of timers: the signal timer, the converge timer, and the graceful-restart purge-time timer.

Configure the signal timer to adjust the maximum time of the initial restart period. The restarting device sends hello packets with the restart-signal (RS) bit set. If the restarting device has not learned about any neighbor or any Nonstop Forwarding (NSF)-aware neighbor or has not received all updates from neighbors when the timer expires, the Routing Information Base (RIB) is notified for convergence. The default value for the signal timer is 20 seconds. The timers nsf signal command is used to configure the signal timer.

Configure the converge timer to adjust the maximum time that a restarting device waits for the end-of-table (EOT) indications from all neighbors. The default value for the converge timer is 120 seconds. The timers nsf converge command is used to configure the converge timer.

Configure the graceful-restart purge-time timer to adjust the maximum waiting time to receive the convergent signal from a restarting device. The graceful-restart purge-time timer is used when the NSF-aware peer does not receive the EOT indication from the restarting neighbor. When the graceful-restart purge-time timer expires, the Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP) peer scans the topology table for stale routes from the restarting neighbor and changes the stale routes to active. This process allows EIGRP peers to find alternate routes instead of waiting during a long switchover operation. The default value for the graceful-restart purge-time timer is 240 seconds. The timers graceful-restart purge-time command is used to configure the graceful-restart purge-time timer.

How to Configure EIGRP IPv6 NSF/GR

Enabling EIGRP IPv6 NSF/GR

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    router eigrp name

    4.    address-family ipv6 autonomous-system number

    5.    nsf

    6.    end


DETAILED STEPS
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Device> enable
              
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.

     
    Step 2configure terminal


    Example:
    Device# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3router eigrp name


    Example:
    Device(config)# router eigrp e1
     

    Configures an Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP) routing process and enters router configuration mode.

     
    Step 4address-family ipv6 autonomous-system number


    Example:
    Device(config-router)# address-family ipv6 autonomous-system 1
     

    Enters address family configuration mode to configure an EIGRP IPv6 routing instance.

     
    Step 5nsf


    Example:
    Device(config-router-af)# nsf
     

    Enables Nonstop Forwarding (NSF) for the specific address family on the device.

     
    Step 6end


    Example:
    Device(config-router-af)# end
     

    Exits address family configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

     

    Modifying EIGRP IPv6 NSF Timers

    Perform this task to modify EIGRP IPv6 NSF timers. This task is optional.

    SUMMARY STEPS

      1.    enable

      2.    configure terminal

      3.    router eigrp name

      4.    address-family ipv6 autonomous-system number

      5.    timers nsf signal seconds

      6.    timers nsf converge seconds

      7.    timers graceful-restart purge-time seconds

      8.    end


    DETAILED STEPS
       Command or ActionPurpose
      Step 1 enable


      Example:
      Device> enable           
               
       

      Enables privileged EXEC mode.

      • Enter your password if prompted.

       
      Step 2configure terminal


      Example:
      Device# configure terminal            
                
       

      Enters global configuration mode.

       
      Step 3router eigrp name


      Example:
      Device(config)# router eigrp e1            
                
       

      Configures an Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP) routing process and enters router configuration mode.

       
      Step 4address-family ipv6 autonomous-system number


      Example:
      Device(config-router)# address-family ipv6 autonomous-system 1            
                
       

      Enters address family configuration mode to configure an EIGRP IPv6 routing instance.

       
      Step 5timers nsf signal seconds


      Example:
      Device(config-router-af)# timers nsf signal 15            
                
       

      Sets the initial restart period, in seconds, for the restarting device to send hello packets with the restart-signal (RS) bit set.

       
      Step 6timers nsf converge seconds


      Example:
      Device(config-router-af)# timers nsf converge 60            
                
       

      Sets the maximum time, in seconds, that the restarting device must wait for end-of-table (EOT) indications from all neighbors.

       
      Step 7timers graceful-restart purge-time seconds


      Example:
      Device(config-router-af)# timers graceful-restart purge-time 150            
                
       

      Sets the graceful-restart purge-time timer to determine the period, in seconds, for which a Nonstop Forwarding (NSF)-aware device that is running EIGRP must hold routes for an inactive peer.

       
      Step 8end


      Example:
      Device(config-router-af)# end            
                
       

      Exits address family configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

       

      Verifying the EIGRP IPv6 NSF/GR Configuration

      SUMMARY STEPS

        1.    enable

        2.    show ipv6 protocols


      DETAILED STEPS
         Command or ActionPurpose
        Step 1 enable


        Example:
        Device> enable            
                  
         

        Enables privileged EXEC mode.

        • Enter your password if prompted.

         
        Step 2show ipv6 protocols


        Example:
        Device# show ipv6 protocols
         
        Displays parameters and the current state of the active IPv6 routing protocol process.
        • The output of this command can be used to verify the EIGRP IPv6 NSF/GR configuration.

         

        Monitoring EIGRP IPv6 NSF/GR Events

        SUMMARY STEPS

          1.    enable

          2.    debug eigrp nsf

          3.    debug eigrp address-family ipv6 notifications


        DETAILED STEPS
           Command or ActionPurpose
          Step 1 enable


          Example:
          Device> enable
                    
           

          Enables privileged EXEC mode.

          • Enter your password if prompted.

           
          Step 2debug eigrp nsf


          Example:
          Device# debug eigrp nsf
           

          Displays debugging information about NSF events on the console of the router.

           
          Step 3debug eigrp address-family ipv6 notifications


          Example:
          Device# debug eigrp address-family ipv6 notifications
           

          Displays debugging information about Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP) address family IPv6 event notifications.

           

          Configuration Examples for EIGRP IPv6 NSF/GR

          Example: Configuring an EIGRP NSF Converge Timer

          The following example shows how to adjust the maximum time that the restarting router waits for end-of-table (EOT) indications from all neighbors:

          Device> enable
          Device# configure terminal
          Device(config)# router eigrp name
          Device(config-router)# address-family ipv6 autonomous system 1
          Device(config-router-af)# timers nsf converge 60
          Device(config-router-af)# end 
                

          Example: Verifying the Configuration of EIGRP IPv6 NSF/GR on an NSF-Aware Device

          The following is a sample output from the show ipv6 protocols command, which shows that EIGRP NSF is enabled, the graceful-restart purge-time timer is set to 260 seconds, the signal timer is set to 15 seconds, and the converge timer is set to 65 seconds:

          Device> enable
          Device# show ipv6 protocols
          
          IPv6 Routing Protocol is "connected"
          IPv6 Routing Protocol is "bgp 1"
            IGP synchronization is disabled
            Redistribution:
              None
          IPv6 Routing Protocol is "bgp multicast"
          IPv6 Routing Protocol is "ND"
          IPv6 Routing Protocol is "eigrp 1"
          EIGRP-IPv6 VR(name) Address-Family Protocol for AS(1)
            Metric weight K1=1, K2=0, K3=1, K4=0, K5=0 K6=0
            Metric rib-scale 128
            Metric version 64bit
            NSF-aware route hold timer is 260
            EIGRP NSF enabled
               NSF signal timer is 15s
               NSF converge timer is 65s
            Router-ID: 10.1.1.1
            Topology : 0 (base) 
              Active Timer: 3 min
              Distance: internal 90 external 170
              Maximum path: 16
              Maximum hopcount 100
              Maximum metric variance 1
              Total Prefix Count: 0
              Total Redist Count: 0
          
            Interfaces:
            Redistribution:
              None
          
                

          Additional References for EIGRP IPv6 NSF/GR

          Related Documents

          Related Topic

          Document Title

          Cisco IOS commands

          Cisco IOS Master Command List, All Releases

          Cisco Express Forwarding (formerly known as CEF) commands

          Cisco IOS IP Switching Command Reference

          EIGRP commands

          Cisco IOS IP Routing: EIGRP Command Reference

          Nonstop Forwarding (NSF)

          • “Cisco Nonstop Forwarding” module in the Stateful Switchover Deployment Guide

          • “Cisco Nonstop Forwarding” module in the High Availability Configuration Guide

          • “EIGRP Nonstop Forwarding Awareness” module in the IP Routing: EIGRP Configuration Guide

          Command Lookup Tool

          http:/​/​tools.cisco.com/​Support/​CLILookup

          Standards and RFCs

          Standard/RFC

          Title

          RFC 4724

          Graceful Restart Mechanism for BGP

          Technical Assistance

          Description

          Link

          The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

          http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​cisco/​web/​support/​index.html

          Feature Information for EIGRP IPv6 NSF/GR

          The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

          Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

          Table 1 Feature Information for EIGRP IPv6 NSF/GR

          Feature Name

          Releases

          Feature Information

          EIGRP IPv6 NSF/GR

          The EIGRP IPv6 NSF/GR feature allows an NSF-aware router that is running EIGRP to forward IPv6 packets while the control plane restarts after recovering from a failure.

          The following commands were introduced or modified: debug eigrp nsf, nsf, show ipv6 protocols, timers graceful-restart purge-time, timers nsf converge, timers nsf signal.