Flexible Netflow Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS Release 15M&T
Using Flexible NetFlow Top N Talkers to Analyze Network Traffic
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Using Flexible NetFlow Top N Talkers to Analyze Network Traffic

Using Flexible NetFlow Top N Talkers to Analyze Network Traffic

Last Updated: November 29, 2012

This document contains information about and instructions for using the Flexible NetFlow--Top N Talkers Support feature. The Flexible NetFlow--Top N Talkers Support feature helps you analyze the large amount of data that Flexible NetFlow captures from the traffic in your network by providing the ability to filter, aggregate, and sort the data in the Flexible NetFlow cache as you display it. When you are sorting and displaying the data in the cache, you can limit the display output to a specific number of entries with the highest values (Top N Talkers) for traffic volume, packet counters, and so on. The Flexible NetFlow--Top N Talkers Support feature facilitates real-time traffic analysis by requiring only the use of show commands, which can be entered in many different variations using the available keywords and arguments to meet your traffic data analysis requirements.

NetFlow is a Cisco technology that provides statistics on packets flowing through the router. NetFlow is the standard for acquiring IP operational data from IP networks. NetFlow provides data to support network and security monitoring, network planning, traffic analysis, and IP accounting.

Flexible NetFlow improves on original NetFlow by adding the capability to customize the traffic analysis parameters for your specific requirements. Flexible NetFlow facilitates the creation of more complex configurations for traffic analysis and data export through the use of reusable configuration components.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Prerequisites for Flexible NetFlow Top N Talkers

  • The networking device is running a Cisco release that supports the Flexible NetFlow--Top N Talkers Support feature.

No configuration tasks are associated with the Flexible NetFlow--Top N Talkers Support feature. Therefore, in order for you to use the Flexible NetFlow--Top N Talkers Support feature, traffic analysis with Flexible NetFlow must already be configured about the networking device.

Information About Flexible NetFlow Top N Talkers

Flexible NetFlow Data Flow Filtering

The flow filtering function of the Flexible NetFlow--Top N Talkers Support feature filters the flow data in a flow monitor cache based on the criteria that you specify, and displays the data.

The flow filtering function of the Flexible NetFlow--Top N Talkers Support feature is provided by the show flow monitor cache filter command. For more information on the show flow monitor cache filter command, refer to the Cisco IOS Flexible NetFlow Command Reference.

Flexible NetFlow Data Flow Aggregation

Flow aggregation using the show flow monitor cache aggregate command allows you to dynamically view the flow information in a cache using a different flow record than the cache was originally created from. Only the fields in the cache will be available for the aggregated flows.

The flow aggregation function of the Flexible NetFlow--Top N Talkers Support feature is provided by the show flow monitor cache aggregate command. For more information on the show flow monitor cache aggregate command, refer to the Cisco IOS Flexible NetFlow Command Reference.

Flow Sorting and Top N Talkers

The flow sorting function of the Flexible NetFlow--Top N Talkers Support feature sorts flow data from the Flexible NetFlow cache based on the criteria that you specify and displays the data. You can also use the flow sorting function of the Flexible NetFlow--Top N Talkers Support feature to limit the display output to a specific number of entries (top n talkers, where n is the number or talkers to display) by using the top keyword.

The flow sorting and Top N Talkers function of the Flexible NetFlow--Top N Talkers Support feature is provided by the show flow monitor cache sort command. For more information on the show flow monitor cache sort command, refer to the Cisco IOS Flexible NetFlow Command Reference.

Documented Flexible NetFlow Top N Talkers Command Names and Actual Syntax

The three commands that make up the Flexible NetFlow--Top N Talkers Support feature are documented using the Cisco documentation convention of using the initial words in the CLI syntax, omitting a subsequent words in the CLI syntax, and using a word in the CLI syntax that follows the omitted words. Therefore the syntax that you use for entering the commands is different from the actual documented command name. The table below shows the documented commands names and the actual command CLI syntax. The monitor-name argument is the name of a flow monitor that was previously configured.


Note


The arguments and keywords that you can use after filter, aggregation, and sort are not included in the table below. For more information on the arguments and keywords that you can use after filter, aggregation, and sort, refer to the Cisco IOS Flexible NetFlow Command Reference.
Table 1 Documented Command Names and Actual Command Syntax

Documented Command Name

Actual CLI Syntax for Using the Command

show flow monitor cache filter

show flow monitor monitor-name cache filter

show flow monitor cache aggregation

show flow monitor monitor-name cache aggregation

show flow monitor cache sort

show flow monitor monitor-name cache sort

Combined Use of Flow Filtering and Flow Aggregation and Flow Sorting with Top N Talkers

Although each of the show commands that make up the Flexible NetFlow--Top N Talkers Support feature can be used individually for traffic analysis, they provide much greater analytical capabilities when they are used together. When you use any combination of the three show commands, you enter only the common prefix of show flow monitor monitor-name cachefollowed by filter, aggregation, sort, and the arguments and keywords available for filter, aggregation, sort, as required. For example,

show flow monitor 
monitor-name 
cache filter
 
options
 aggregation 
options
 sort 
options
 

where options is any permissible combination of arguments and keywords. See the Configuration Examples for Flexible NetFlow Top N Talkers for more information.

Memory and Performance Impact of Top N Talkers

The Flexible NetFlow--Top N Talkers Support feature can use a large number of CPU cycles and possibly also system memory for a short time. However, because the Flexible NetFlow--Top N Talkers Support feature uses only show commands, the CPU usage should be run at a low priority because no real-time data processing is involved. The memory usage can be mitigated by using a larger granularity of aggregation, or no aggregation at all.

How to Analyze Network Traffic Using Flexible NetFlow Top N Talkers

Filtering Flow Data from the Flexible NetFlow Cache

This task shows you how to use the show flow monitor cache filter command with a regular expression to filter the flow monitor cache data, and display the results. For more information on regular expressions and the show flow monitor cache filter command, refer to the Cisco IOS Flexible NetFlow Command Reference.

To filter the flow monitor cache data using a regular expression and display the results, perform the following task.

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    enable

2.    show flow monitor [name] monitor-name cache filter options [regexp regexp] [...options [regexp regexp]] [format {csv | record | table}]


DETAILED STEPS
Step 1   enable

Enters privileged EXEC mode.



Example:
Device> enable
Step 2   show flow monitor [name] monitor-name cache filter options [regexp regexp] [...options [regexp regexp]] [format {csv | record | table}]

Filters the flow monitor cache data on the IPv4 type of service (ToS) value.



Example:
Device# show flow monitor FLOW-MONITOR-3 cache filter ipv4 tos regexp 0x(C0|50)
Cache type:                            Normal
  Cache size:                              4096
  Current entries:                           19
  High Watermark:                            38
  Flows added:                             3516
  Flows aged:                              3497
    - Active timeout   (  1800 secs)         52
    - Inactive timeout (    15 secs)       3445
    - Event aged                              0
    - Watermark aged                          0
    - Emergency aged                          0
IPV4 SOURCE ADDRESS:       10.1.1.1
IPV4 DESTINATION ADDRESS:  255.255.255.255
TRNS SOURCE PORT:          520
TRNS DESTINATION PORT:     520
INTERFACE INPUT:           Et0/0
FLOW SAMPLER ID:           0
IP TOS:                    0xC0
IP PROTOCOL:               17
ip source as:              0
ip destination as:         0
ipv4 next hop address:     0.0.0.0
ipv4 source mask:          /24
ipv4 destination mask:     /0
tcp flags:                 0x00
interface output:          Null
counter bytes:             52
counter packets:           1
timestamp first:           18:59:46.199
timestamp last:            18:59:46.199
Matched 1 flow
 



Aggregating Flow Data from the Flexible NetFlow Cache

This task shows you how to use the show flow monitor cache aggregate command to aggregate the flow monitor cache data with a different record than the cache was created with, and display the results. For more information on the show flow monitor cache aggregate command, refer to the Cisco IOS Flexible NetFlow Command Reference.

To aggregate the flow monitor cache data and display the results, perform the following task.

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    enable

2.    show flow monitor [name] monitor-name cache aggregate {options [...options] [collect options [...options]] | record record-name} [format {csv | record | table}]


DETAILED STEPS
Step 1   enable

Enters privileged EXEC mode.



Example:
Device> enable
Step 2   show flow monitor [name] monitor-name cache aggregate {options [...options] [collect options [...options]] | record record-name} [format {csv | record | table}]

Aggregates the flow monitor cache data on the IPv4 destination address and displays the cache data for the IPv4 protocol type and input interface nonkey fields:



Example:
Device# show flow monitor
 FLOW-MONITOR-3 cache aggregate ipv4 destination address collect ipv4 protocol interface input
Processed 17 flows
Aggregated to 7 flows
IPV4 DST ADDR    intf input                 flows       bytes        pkts  ip prot
===============  ====================  ==========  ==========  ==========  =======
224.192.16.4     Et0/0                          3       42200        2110        1
224.192.16.1     Et0/0                          3       17160         858        1
224.192.18.1     Et0/0                          4       18180         909        1
224.192.45.12    Et0/0                          4       14440         722        1
255.255.255.255  Et0/0                          1          52           1       17
224.0.0.13       Et0/0                          1          54           1      103
224.0.0.1        Et0/0                          1          28           1        2


Sorting Flow Data from the Flexible NetFlow Cache

This task shows you how to use the show flow monitor cache sort command to sort the flow monitor cache data, and display the results. For more information on the show flow monitor cache sort command, refer to the Cisco IOS Flexible NetFlow Command Reference.

To sort the flow monitor cache data and display the results, perform the following task.

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    enable

2.    show flow monitor [name] monitor-name cache sort options [top [number]][format {csv | record | table}]


DETAILED STEPS
Step 1   enable

Enters privileged EXEC mode.



Example:
Device> enable
Step 2   show flow monitor [name] monitor-name cache sort options [top [number]][format {csv | record | table}]

Displays the cache data sorted on the number of packets from highest to lowest.

Note    When the top keyword is not used, the default number of sorted flows shown is 20.


Example:
Device# show flow monitor FLOW-MONITOR-1 cache sort highest counter packets
Processed 26 flows
Aggregated to 26 flows
Showing the top 20 flows
IPV4 SOURCE ADDRESS:       10.1.1.3
IPV4 DESTINATION ADDRESS:  172.16.10.11
TRNS SOURCE PORT:          443
TRNS DESTINATION PORT:     443
INTERFACE INPUT:           Et0/0.1
FLOW SAMPLER ID:           0
IP TOS:                    0x00
IP PROTOCOL:               6
ip source as:              0
ip destination as:         0
ipv4 next hop address:     172.16.7.2
ipv4 source mask:          /0
ipv4 destination mask:     /24
tcp flags:                 0x00
interface output:          Et1/0.1
counter bytes:             22760
counter packets:           1569
timestamp first:           19:42:32.924
timestamp last:            19:57:28.656
IPV4 SOURCE ADDRESS:       10.10.11.2
IPV4 DESTINATION ADDRESS:  172.16.10.6
TRNS SOURCE PORT:          65
TRNS DESTINATION PORT:     65
INTERFACE INPUT:           Et0/0.1
FLOW SAMPLER ID:           0
IP TOS:                    0x00
IP PROTOCOL:               6
ip source as:              0
ip destination as:         0
ipv4 next hop address:     172.16.7.2
ipv4 source mask:          /0
ipv4 destination mask:     /24
tcp flags:                 0x00
interface output:          Et1/0.1
counter bytes:             22720
counter packets:           568
timestamp first:           19:42:34.264
timestamp last:            19:57:28.428
.
.
.
IPV4 SOURCE ADDRESS:       192.168.67.6
IPV4 DESTINATION ADDRESS:  172.16.10.200
TRNS SOURCE PORT:          0
TRNS DESTINATION PORT:     3073
INTERFACE INPUT:           Et0/0.1
FLOW SAMPLER ID:           0
IP TOS:                    0x00
IP PROTOCOL:               1
ip source as:              0
ip destination as:         0
ipv4 next hop address:     172.16.7.2
ipv4 source mask:          /0
ipv4 destination mask:     /24
tcp flags:                 0x00
interface output:          Et1/0.1
counter bytes:             15848
counter packets:           344
timestamp first:           19:42:36.852
timestamp last:            19:57:27.836
IPV4 SOURCE ADDRESS:       10.234.53.1
IPV4 DESTINATION ADDRESS:  172.16.10.2
TRNS SOURCE PORT:          0
TRNS DESTINATION PORT:     2048
INTERFACE INPUT:           Et0/0.1
FLOW SAMPLER ID:           0
IP TOS:                    0x00
IP PROTOCOL:               1
ip source as:              0
ip destination as:         0
ipv4 next hop address:     172.16.7.2
ipv4 source mask:          /0
ipv4 destination mask:     /24
tcp flags:                 0x00
interface output:          Et1/0.1
counter bytes:             15848
counter packets:           213
timestamp first:           19:42:36.904
timestamp last:            19:57:27.888


Displaying the Top N Talkers with Sorted Flow Data

This task shows you how to use the show flow monitor cache sort command to sort the flow monitor cache data, and to limit the display results to a specific number of high volume flows. For more information on the show flow monitor cache sort command, refer to the Cisco IOS Flexible NetFlow Command Reference.

To sort the flow monitor cache data and limit the display output using to a specific number of high volume flows, perform the following task.

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    enable

2.    show flow monitor [name] monitor-name cache sort options [top [number]][format {csv | record | table}]


DETAILED STEPS
Step 1   enable

Enters privileged EXEC mode.



Example:
Device> enable
Step 2   show flow monitor [name] monitor-name cache sort options [top [number]][format {csv | record | table}]

Displays the cache data sorted on the number of packets from highest to lowest and limits the output to the three highest volume flows:



Example:
Device# show flow monitor FLOW-MONITOR-1 cache sort highest counter packets top 3
Processed 25 flows
Aggregated to 25 flows
Showing the top 3 flows
IPV4 SOURCE ADDRESS:       10.1.1.3
IPV4 DESTINATION ADDRESS:  172.16.10.11
TRNS SOURCE PORT:          443
TRNS DESTINATION PORT:     443
INTERFACE INPUT:           Et0/0.1
FLOW SAMPLER ID:           0
IP TOS:                    0x00
IP PROTOCOL:               6
ip source as:              0
ip destination as:         0
ipv4 next hop address:     172.16.7.2
ipv4 source mask:          /0
ipv4 destination mask:     /24
tcp flags:                 0x00
interface output:          Et1/0.1
counter bytes:             32360
counter packets:           1897
timestamp first:           19:42:32.924
timestamp last:            20:03:47.100
IPV4 SOURCE ADDRESS:       10.10.11.2
IPV4 DESTINATION ADDRESS:  172.16.10.6
TRNS SOURCE PORT:          65
TRNS DESTINATION PORT:     65
INTERFACE INPUT:           Et0/0.1
FLOW SAMPLER ID:           0
IP TOS:                    0x00
IP PROTOCOL:               6
ip source as:              0
ip destination as:         0
ipv4 next hop address:     172.16.7.2
ipv4 source mask:          /0
ipv4 destination mask:     /24
tcp flags:                 0x00
interface output:          Et1/0.1
counter bytes:             32360
counter packets:           809
timestamp first:           19:42:34.264
timestamp last:            20:03:48.460
IPV4 SOURCE ADDRESS:       172.16.1.84
IPV4 DESTINATION ADDRESS:  172.16.10.19
TRNS SOURCE PORT:          80
TRNS DESTINATION PORT:     80
INTERFACE INPUT:           Et0/0.1
FLOW SAMPLER ID:           0
IP TOS:                    0x00
IP PROTOCOL:               6
ip source as:              0
ip destination as:         0
ipv4 next hop address:     172.16.7.2
ipv4 source mask:          /24
ipv4 destination mask:     /24
tcp flags:                 0x00
interface output:          Et1/0.1
counter bytes:             32320
counter packets:           345
timestamp first:           19:42:34.512
timestamp last:            20:03:47.140


Configuration Examples for Flexible NetFlow Top N Talkers

Example: Displaying the Top Talkers with Filtered and Aggregated and Sorted Flow Data

The following example combines filtering, aggregation, collecting additional field data, sorting the flow monitor cache data, and limiting the display output to a specific number of high volume flows (top talkers).

Device# show flow monitor FLOW-MONITOR-1 cache filter ipv4 protocol regexp (1|6) aggregate ipv4 destination address collect ipv4 protocol sort counter bytes top 4
Processed 26 flows
Matched 26 flows
Aggregated to 13 flows
Showing the top 4 flows
IPV4 DST ADDR         flows       bytes        pkts
===============  ==========  ==========  ==========
172.16.10.2              12     1358370        6708
172.16.10.19              2       44640        1116
172.16.10.20              2       44640        1116
172.16.10.4               1       22360         559

The following example combines filtering using a regular expression, aggregation using a predefined record, sorting the flow monitor cache data, limiting the display output to a specific number of high volume flows (top talkers), and displaying the output in record format.

Device# show flow monitor FLOW-MONITOR-1 cache filter ipv4 source address regexp 10.* aggregate record netflow ipv4 protocol-port sort transport destination-port top 5 format record 
Processed 26 flows
Matched 15 flows
Aggregated to 10 flows
Showing the top 5 flows
TRNS SOURCE PORT:       0
TRNS DESTINATION PORT:  0
FLOW DIRECTION:         Input
IP PROTOCOL:            1
counter flows:          1
counter bytes:          387800
counter packets:        700
timestamp first:        17:12:30.712
timestamp last:         17:30:52.936
TRNS SOURCE PORT:       20
TRNS DESTINATION PORT:  20
FLOW DIRECTION:         Input
IP PROTOCOL:            6
counter flows:          2
counter bytes:          56000
counter packets:        1400
timestamp first:        17:12:29.532
timestamp last:         17:30:53.148
TRNS SOURCE PORT:       21
TRNS DESTINATION PORT:  21
FLOW DIRECTION:         Input
IP PROTOCOL:            6
counter flows:          2
counter bytes:          56000
counter packets:        1400
timestamp first:        17:12:29.572
timestamp last:         17:30:53.196
TRNS SOURCE PORT:       22
TRNS DESTINATION PORT:  22
FLOW DIRECTION:         Input
IP PROTOCOL:            6
counter flows:          1
counter bytes:          28000
counter packets:        700
timestamp first:        17:12:29.912
timestamp last:         17:30:52.168
TRNS SOURCE PORT:       25
TRNS DESTINATION PORT:  25
FLOW DIRECTION:         Input
IP PROTOCOL:            6
counter flows:          2
counter bytes:          56000
counter packets:        1400
timestamp first:        17:12:29.692
timestamp last:         17:30:51.968

Example: Filtering Using Multiple Filtering Criteria

The following example filters the cache data on the IPv4 destination address and the destination port:

Device# show flow monitor FLOW-MONITOR-1 cache filter ipv4 destination address regexp 172.16.10* transport destination-port 21
Cache type:                            Normal
  Cache size:                              4096
  Current entries:                           26
  High Watermark:                            26
  Flows added:                              241
  Flows aged:                               215
    - Active timeout   (  1800 secs)         50
    - Inactive timeout (    15 secs)        165
    - Event aged                              0
    - Watermark aged                          0
    - Emergency aged                          0
IPV4 SOURCE ADDRESS:       10.10.10.2
IPV4 DESTINATION ADDRESS:  172.16.10.2
TRNS SOURCE PORT:          21
TRNS DESTINATION PORT:     21
INTERFACE INPUT:           Et0/0.1
FLOW SAMPLER ID:           0
IP TOS:                    0x00
IP PROTOCOL:               6
ip source as:              0
ip destination as:         0
ipv4 next hop address:     172.16.7.2
ipv4 source mask:          /0
ipv4 destination mask:     /24
tcp flags:                 0x00
interface output:          Et1/0.1
counter bytes:             17200
counter packets:           430
timestamp first:           17:03:58.071
timestamp last:            17:15:14.615
IPV4 SOURCE ADDRESS:       172.30.231.193
IPV4 DESTINATION ADDRESS:  172.16.10.2
TRNS SOURCE PORT:          21
TRNS DESTINATION PORT:     21
INTERFACE INPUT:           Et0/0.1
FLOW SAMPLER ID:           0
IP TOS:                    0x00
IP PROTOCOL:               6
ip source as:              0
ip destination as:         0
ipv4 next hop address:     172.16.7.2
ipv4 source mask:          /0
ipv4 destination mask:     /24
tcp flags:                 0x00
interface output:          Et1/0.1
counter bytes:             17160
counter packets:           429
timestamp first:           17:03:59.963
timestamp last:            17:15:14.887
Matched 2 flows

Example: Aggregation Using Multiple Aggregation Criteria

The following example aggregates the flow monitor cache data on the destination and source IPv4 addresses:

Device# show flow monitor FLOW-MONITOR-1 cache aggregate ipv4 destination address ipv4 source address
 
Processed 26 flows
Aggregated to 17 flows
IPV4 SRC ADDR    IPV4 DST ADDR         flows       bytes        pkts
===============  ===============  ==========  ==========  ==========
10.251.10.1      172.16.10.2               2     1400828        1364
192.168.67.6     172.16.10.200             1       19096         682
10.234.53.1      172.16.10.2               3       73656        2046
172.30.231.193   172.16.10.2               3       73616        2045
10.10.10.2       172.16.10.2               2       54560        1364
192.168.87.200   172.16.10.2               2       54560        1364
10.10.10.4       172.16.10.4               1       27280         682
10.10.11.1       172.16.10.5               1       27280         682
10.10.11.2       172.16.10.6               1       27280         682
10.10.11.3       172.16.10.7               1       27280         682
10.10.11.4       172.16.10.8               1       27280         682
10.1.1.1         172.16.10.9               1       27280         682
10.1.1.2         172.16.10.10              1       27280         682
10.1.1.3         172.16.10.11              1       27280         682
172.16.1.84      172.16.10.19              2       54520        1363
172.16.1.85      172.16.10.20              2       54520        1363
172.16.6.1       224.0.0.9                 1          52           1

Additional References

Related Documents

Related Topic

Document Title

Cisco IOS commands

Cisco IOS Master Command List, All Releases

Flexible NetFlow conceptual information and configuration tasks

Flexible NetFlow Configuration Guide

Flexible NetFlow commands

Cisco IOS Flexible NetFlow Command Reference

Standards/RFCs

Standard

Title

No new or modified standards/RFCs are supported by this feature.

--

MIBs

MIB

MIBs Link

None

To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco software releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

http://www.cisco.com/go/mibs

Technical Assistance

Description

Link

The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

http://www.cisco.com/cisco/web/support/index.html

Feature Information for Flexible NetFlow--Top N Talkers

The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Table 2 Feature Information for Flexible NetFlow--Top N Talkers

Feature Name

Releases

Feature Information

Flexible NetFlow--Top N Talkers Support

12.2(33)SRE

12.2(50)SY

12.4(22)T

15.0(1)SY

15.0(1)SY1

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.2SE

Helps you analyze the large amount of data Flexible NetFlow captures from the traffic in your network by providing the ability to filter, aggregate, and sort the data in the Flexible NetFlow cache as you display it.

Support for this feature was added for Cisco 7200 and 7300 Network Processing Engine (NPE) series routers in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRE.

The following commands were introduced or modified: show flow monitor cache aggregate, show flow monitor cache filter, show flow monitor cache sort.

Cisco and the Cisco logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of Cisco and/or its affiliates in the U.S. and other countries. To view a list of Cisco trademarks, go to this URL: www.cisco.com/go/trademarks. Third-party trademarks mentioned are the property of their respective owners. The use of the word partner does not imply a partnership relationship between Cisco and any other company. (1110R)

Any Internet Protocol (IP) addresses and phone numbers used in this document are not intended to be actual addresses and phone numbers. Any examples, command display output, network topology diagrams, and other figures included in the document are shown for illustrative purposes only. Any use of actual IP addresses or phone numbers in illustrative content is unintentional and coincidental.

© 2012 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.