Carrier Ethernet Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS XE Release 3S
ITU-T G.8032 Ethernet Ring Protection Switching
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ITU-T G.8032 Ethernet Ring Protection Switching

Contents

ITU-T G.8032 Ethernet Ring Protection Switching

The ITU-T G.8032 Ethernet Ring Protection Switching feature implements protection switching mechanisms for Ethernet layer ring topologies. This feature uses the G.8032 Ethernet Ring Protection (ERP) protocol, defined in ITU-T G.8032, to provide protection for Ethernet traffic in a ring topology, while ensuring that no loops are within the ring at the Ethernet layer. The loops are prevented by blocking traffic on either a predetermined link or a failed link.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Prerequisites for Configuring ITU-T G.8032 Ethernet Ring Protection Switching

  • The Ethernet Flow Points (EFPs) must be configured.

About ITU-T G.8032 Ethernet Ring Protection Switching

Ring Protection Links

An Ethernet ring consists of multiple Ethernet ring nodes. Each Ethernet ring node is connected to adjacent Ethernet ring nodes using two independent ring links. A ring link prohibits formation of loops that affect the network. The Ethernet ring uses a specific link to protect the entire Ethernet ring. This specific link is called the Ring Protection Link (RPL). A ring link is bound by two adjacent Ethernet ring nodes and a port for a ring link (also known as a ring port). There must be at least two Ethernet ring nodes in a Ethernet ring.

ITU-T G.8032 Ethernet Ring Protection Switching Functionality

The Ethernet ring protection functionality includes the following:

  • Loop avoidance
  • The use of learning, forwarding, and Filtering Database (FDB) mechanisms

Loop avoidance in an Ethernet ring is achieved by ensuring that, at any time, traffic flows on all but the Ring Protection Link (RPL).

The following is a list of RPL types (or RPL nodes) and their functions:

  • RPL owner—Responsible for blocking traffic over the RPL so that no loops are formed in the Ethernet traffic. There can be only one RPL owner in a ring.
  • RPL neighbor node—An Ethernet ring node adjacent to the RPL. It is responsible for blocking its end of the RPL under normal conditions. This node type is optional and prevents RPL usage when protected.
  • RPL next-neighbor node—Next-neighbor node is an Ethernet ring node adjacent to an RPL owner node or RPL neighbor node. It is mainly used for FDB flush optimization on the ring. This node is also optional.

The following figure illustrates the G.8032 Ethernet ring topology.

Figure 1. G.8032 Ethernet Ring Topology

R-APS Control Messages

Nodes on the ring use control messages called Ring Automatic Protection Switching (R-APS) messages to coordinate the activities of switching the ring protection link (RPL) on and off. Any failure along the ring triggers a R-APS Signal Failure (R-APS SF) message in both directions of the nodes adjacent to the failed link, after the nodes have blocked the port facing the failed link. On obtaining this message, the RPL owner unblocks the RPL port.


Note


A single link failure in the ring ensures a loop-free topology.


CFM Protocols and Link Failures

Connectivity Fault Management (CFM) and line status messages are used to detect ring link and node failure. During the recovery phase, when the failed link is restored, the nodes adjacent to the restored link send Ring Automatic Protection Switching (R-APS) No Request (R-APS NR) messages. On obtaining this message, the ring protection link (RPL) owner blocks the RPL port and sends R-APS NR and R-APS RPL (R-APS NR, RB) messages. These messages cause all other nodes, other than the RPL owner in the ring, to unblock all blocked ports. The Ethernet Ring Protection (ERP) protocol works for both unidirectional failure and multiple link failure scenarios in a ring topology.


Note


The G.8032 Ethernet Ring Protection (ERP) protocol uses CFM Continuity Check Messages (CCMs) at an interval of 3.3 milliseconds (ms). At this interval (which is supported only on selected platforms), SONET-like switching time performance and loop-free traffic can be achieved.


G.8032 Ring-Supported Commands and Functionality

A G.8032 ring supports these basic operator administrative commands:

  • Force switch (FS)—Allows the operator to forcefully block a particular ring port. Note the following points about FS commands:
    • Effective even if there is an existing SF condition
    • Multiple FS commands for ring are supported
    • May be used to allow immediate maintenance operations
  • Manual switch (MS)—Allows the operator to manually block a particular ring port. Note the following points about MS commands:
    • Ineffective in an existing FS or signal failure (SF) condition
    • Overridden by new FS or SF conditions
    • Multiple MS commands cancel all MS commands
  • Clear—Cancels an existing FS or MS command on the ring port. The Clear command is used at the ring protection link (RPL) owner to clear a nonrevertive mode condition.

A G.8032 ring can support multiple instances. An instance is a logical ring running over a physical ring. Such instances are used for various reasons, such as load-balancing VLANs over a ring. For example, odd-numbered VLANs may go in one direction of the ring, and even-numbered VLANs may go in the other direction. Specific VLANs can be configured under only one instance. They cannot overlap multiple instances. Otherwise, data traffic or Ring Automatic Protection Switching (R-APS) messages may cross logical rings, which is not desirable.

G.8032 ERP Timers

The G.8032 Ethernet Ring Protection (ERP) protocol specifies the use of different timers to avoid race conditions and unnecessary switching operations:

  • Delay timers—Used by the Ring Protection Link (RPL) owner to verify that the network has stabilized before blocking the RPL. Note the following points about delay timers.
    • After a signal failure (SF) condition, a Wait-to-Restore (WTR) timer is used to verify that the SF is not intermittent.
    • The WTR timer can be configured by the operator. The default time interval is 5 minutes; the time interval ranges from 1 to 12 minutes.
    • After a force switch (FS) or a manual switch (MS) command is issued, a Wait-to-Block (WTB) timer is used to verify that no background condition exists.

Note


The WTB timer interval may be shorter than the WTR timer interval.


  • Guard timer—Used by all nodes when changing state; the guard timer blocks latent outdated messages from causing unnecessary state changes. The guard timer can be configured. The default time interval is 500 ms; the time interval ranges from 10 to 2000 ms.
  • Hold-off timers—Used by the underlying Ethernet layer to filter out intermittent link faults. The hold-off timer can be configured. The default time interval is 0 seconds; the time interval ranges from 0 to 10 seconds. Faults are reported to the ring protection mechanism only if this timer expires.

Protection Switching Functionality in a Single Link Failure and Recovery

The following figure illustrates protection switching functionality in a single-link failure.

Figure 2. G.8032 Ethernet Ring Protection Switching in a Single-Link Failure



The figure represents an Ethernet ring topology consisting of seven Ethernet ring nodes. The ring protection link (RPL) is the ring link between Ethernet ring nodes A and G. In this topology, both ends of the RPL are blocked. Ethernet ring node G is the RPL owner node, and Ethernet ring node A is the RPL neighbor node.

The following sequence describes the steps followed in the single-link failure:

  1. A link operates in the normal condition.
  2. A failure occurs.
  3. Ethernet ring nodes C and D detect a local signal failure (SF) condition and after the hold-off time interval, block the failed ring port and perform the FDB flush.
  4. Ethernet ring nodes C and D start sending Ring Automatic Protection Switching (R-APS) SF messages periodically along with the (node ID and bidirectional path-protected ring (BPR) identifier pair) on both ring ports while the SF condition persists.
  5. All Ethernet ring nodes receiving an R-APS SF message perform the FDB flush. When the RPL owner node G and RPL neighbor node A receive an R-APS SF message, the Ethernet ring node unblocks its end of the RPL and performs the FDB flush.
  6. All Ethernet ring nodes receiving a second R-APS SF message perform the FDB flush again; the additional FDB flush is because of the node ID and BPR-based configuration.
  7. R-APS SF messages are detected on the Ethernet Ring indicating a stable SF condition. Further R-APS SF messages trigger no further action.

The following figure illustrates the steps taken in a revertive operation in a single-link failure.

Figure 3. Single-Link Failure Recovery (Revertive Operation)

The following sequence describes the steps followed in the single-link failure revertive (recovery) operation:

  1. A link operates in the stable SF condition.
  2. Recovery of link failure occurs.
  3. Ethernet ring nodes C and D detect clearing of the SF condition, start the guard timer, and initiate periodic transmission of the R-APS No Request (NR) messages on both ring ports. (The guard timer prevents the reception of R-APS messages.)
  4. When the Ethernet ring nodes receive an R-APS NR message, the node ID and BPR identifier pair of a receiving ring port is deleted and the RPL owner node starts the Wait-to-Restore (WTR) timer.
  5. When the guard timer expires on Ethernet ring nodes C and D, the nodes may accept the new R-APS messages, if any. Ethernet ring node D receives an R-APS NR message with a higher node ID from Ethernet ring node C, and unblocks its nonfailed ring port.
  6. When the WTR timer expires, the RPL owner node blocks its end of the RPL, sends R-APS (NR or route blocked [RB]) message with the (node ID and BPR identifier pair), and performs the FDB flush.
  7. When Ethernet ring node C receives an R-APS (NR or RB) message, the node removes the block on its blocked ring ports, and stops sending R-APS NR messages. On the other hand, when the RPL neighbor node A receives an R-APS NR or RB message, the node blocks its end of the RPL. In addition, Ethernet ring nodes A to F perform the FDB flush when receiving an RAPS NR or RB message because of the node ID and BPR-based configuration.

Ethernet Flow Points

An Ethernet flow point (EFP) is a forwarding decision point in the provider edge (PE) router, which gives network designers flexibility to make many Layer 2 flow decisions within the interface. Many EFPs can be configured on a single physical port. (The number varies from one device to another.) EFPs are the logical demarcation points of an Ethernet virtual connection (EVC) on an interface. An EVC that uses two or more user network interfaces (UNIs) requires an EFP on the associated ingress and egress interfaces of every device that the EVC passes through.

EFPs can be configured on any Layer 2 traffic port; however, they are usually configured on UNI ports. The following parameters (matching criteria) can be configured on the EFP:

  • Frames of a specific VLAN, a VLAN range, or a list of VLANs (100-150 or 100,103,110)
  • Frames with no tags (untagged)
  • Frames with identical double-tags (VLAN tags) as specified
  • Frames with identical Class of Service (CoS) values

A frame passes each configured match criterion until the correct matching point is found. If a frame does not fit any of the matching criteria, it is dropped. Default criteria can be configured to avoid dropping frames.

The following types of commands can be used in an EFP:

  • Rewrite commands—In each EFP, VLAN tag management can be specified with the following actions:
    • Pop—1) pops out a tag; 2) pops out two tags
    • Push—1) pushes in a tag; 2) pushes in two tags
    • Translate—1 to 1) changes a tag value; 1 to 2) pops one tag and pushes two tags; 2 to 1) pops two tags and pushes one tag; 2 to 2) changes the value for two tags
  • Forwarding commands—Each EFP specifies the forwarding command for the frames that enter the EFP. Only one forwarding command can be configured per EFP. The forwarding options are as follows:
    • Layer 2 point-to-point forwarding to a pseudowire tunnel
    • Multipoint bridge forwarding to a bridge domain entity
    • Local switch-to-switch forwarding between two different interfaces
  • Feature commands—In each EFP, the QoS features or parameters can be changed and the ACL can be updated.

Service Instances and Associated EFPs

Configuring a service instance on a Layer 2 port creates a pseudoport or EFP on which you configure EVC features. Each service instance has a unique number per interface, but you can use the same number on different interfaces because service instances on different ports are not related.

An EFP classifies frames from the same physical port to one of the multiple service instances associated with that port, based on user-defined criteria. Each EFP can be associated with different forwarding actions and behavior.

When an EFP is created, the initial state is UP. The state changes to DOWN under the following circumstances:

  • The EFP is explicitly shut down by a user.
  • The main interface to which the EFP is associated is down or removed.
  • If the EFP belongs to a bridge domain, the bridge domain is down.
  • The EFP is forced down as an error-prevention measure of certain features.

Use the service instance ethernet interface configuration command to create an EFP on a Layer 2 interface and to enter service instance configuration mode. Service instance configuration mode is used to configure all management and control data plane attributes and parameters that apply to the service instance on a per-interface basis. The service instance number is the EFP identifier.

After the device enters service instance configuration mode, you can configure these options:

  • default--Sets a command to its defaults
  • description--Adds a service instance-specific description
  • encapsulation--Configures Ethernet frame match criteria
  • exit--Exits from service instance configuration mode
  • no--Negates a command or sets its defaults
  • shutdown--Takes the service instance out of service

How to Configure ITU-T G.8032 Ethernet Ring Protection Switching

Configuring the Ethernet Ring Profile

To configure the Ethernet ring profile, complete the following steps.

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    ethernet ring g8032 profile profile-name

    4.    timer {guard seconds | hold-off seconds | wtr minutes}

    5.    non-revertive

    6.    end


DETAILED STEPS
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Device> enable
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.
     
    Step 2 configure terminal


    Example:
    Device# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3 ethernet ring g8032 profile profile-name


    Example:
    Device(config)# ethernet ring g8032 profile profile1
     

    Creates the Ethernet ring profile and enters Ethernet ring profile configuration mode.

     
    Step 4 timer {guard seconds | hold-off seconds | wtr minutes}


    Example:
    Device(config-erp-profile)# timer hold-off 5
     

    Specifies the time interval for the guard, hold-off, and Wait-to-Restore (WTR) timers.

     
    Step 5 non-revertive


    Example:
    Device(config-erp-profile)# non-revertive
     
    Specifies a nonrevertive Ethernet ring instance.
    • By default, Ethernet ring instances are revertive.
     
    Step 6 end


    Example:
    Device(config-erp-profile)# end
     

    Returns to user EXEC mode.

     

    Configuring Ethernet CFM MEPs

    Configuring Ethernet Connectivity Fault Management (CFM) maintenance endpoints (MEPs) is optional although recommended for fast failure detection and CFM monitoring. When CFM monitoring is configured, note the following points:

    • Static remote MEP (RMEP) checking should be enabled.
    • The MEPs should be configured to enable Ethernet fault detection.
    For information about configuring Ethernet Connectivity Fault Management (CFM) maintenance endpoints (MEPs), see the “Configuring Ethernet Connectivity Fault Management in a Service Provider Network” module of the Carrier Ethernet Configuration Guide.

    Enabling Ethernet Fault Detection for a Service

    To enable Ethernet Fault Detection (EFD) for a service to achieve fast convergence, complete the following steps

    SUMMARY STEPS

      1.    enable

      2.    configure terminal

      3.    ethernet cfm global

      4.    link-protection enable

      5.    link-protection group management vlan vlan-id

      6.    link-protection group group-number pccm vlan vlan-id

      7.    ethernet cfm domaindomain-name level level-id [direction outward]

      8.    service {ma-name | ma-num | vlan-id vlan-id | vpn-id vpn-id} [port | vlan vlan-id [direction down]]

      9.    continuity-check [interval time | loss-threshold threshold | static rmep]

      10.    efd notify g8032

      11.    end


    DETAILED STEPS
       Command or ActionPurpose
      Step 1 enable


      Example:
      Device> enable
       

      Enables privileged EXEC mode.

      • Enter your password if prompted.
       
      Step 2 configure terminal


      Example:
      Device# configure terminal
       

      Enters global configuration mode.

       
      Step 3 ethernet cfm global


      Example:
      Device(config)# ethernet cfm global
       

      Enables Ethernet CFM globally.

       
      Step 4 link-protection enable


      Example:
      Device(config)# link-protection enable
       

      Enables link protection globally on the router.

       
      Step 5 link-protection group management vlan vlan-id


      Example:
      Device(config)# link-protection group management vlan 51
       

      Defines the management VLAN used for link protection.

       
      Step 6 link-protection group group-number pccm vlan vlan-id


      Example:
      Device(config)# link-protection group 2 pccm vlan 16
       

      Specifies an ODU-to-ODU continuity check message (P-CCM) VLAN.

       
      Step 7 ethernet cfm domaindomain-name level level-id [direction outward]


      Example:
      Device(config)# ethernet cfm domain G8032 level 4
       

      Configures the CFM domain for ODU 1 and enters Ethernet CFM configuration mode.

       
      Step 8 service {ma-name | ma-num | vlan-id vlan-id | vpn-id vpn-id} [port | vlan vlan-id [direction down]]


      Example:
      Device(config-ecfm)# service 8032_service evc 8032-evc vlan 1001 direction down
       

      Defines a maintenance association for ODU 1 and enters Ethernet CFM service instance configuration mode.

       
      Step 9 continuity-check [interval time | loss-threshold threshold | static rmep]


      Example:
      Device(config-ecfm-srv)# continuity-check interval 3.3ms
       

      Enables the transmission of continuity check messages (CCMs).

       
      Step 10 efd notify g8032


      Example:
      Device(config-ecfm-srv)# efd notify g8032
       

      Enables CFM to notify registered protocols when a defect is detected or cleared, which matches the current fault alarm priority.

       
      Step 11 end


      Example:
      Device(config-ecfm-srv)# end
       

      Returns to user EXEC mode.

       

      Configuring the Ethernet Protection Ring

      To configure the Ethernet Protection Ring (EPR), complete the following steps.

      SUMMARY STEPS

        1.    enable

        2.    configure terminal

        3.    ethernet ring g8032 ring-name

        4.    port0 interface type number

        5.    monitor service instance instance-id

        6.    exit

        7.    port1 {interfacetype number | none}

        8.    monitor service instance instance-id

        9.    exit

        10.    exclusion-list vlan-ids vlan-id

        11.    open-ring

        12.    instance instance-id

        13.    description descriptive-name

        14.    profile profile-name

        15.    rpl {port0 | port1} {owner | neighbor | next-neighbor }

        16.    inclusion-list vlan-ids vlan-id

        17.    aps-channel

        18.    level level-value

        19.    port0 service instance instance-id

        20.    port1 service instance {instance-id | none }

        21.    end


      DETAILED STEPS
         Command or ActionPurpose
        Step 1 enable


        Example:
        Device> enable
         

        Enables privileged EXEC mode.

        • Enter your password if prompted.
         
        Step 2 configure terminal


        Example:
        Device# configure terminal
         

        Enters global configuration mode.

         
        Step 3 ethernet ring g8032 ring-name


        Example:
        Device(config)# ethernet ring g8032 ring1
         

        Specifies the Ethernet ring and enters Ethernet ring port configuration mode.

         
        Step 4 port0 interface type number


        Example:
        Device(config-erp-ring)# port0 interface fastethernet 0/1/0
         

        Connects port0 of the local node of the interface to the Ethernet ring and enters Ethernet ring protection mode.

         
        Step 5 monitor service instance instance-id


        Example:
        Device(config-erp-ring-port)# monitor service instance 1
         

        Assigns the Ethernet service instance to monitor the ring port (port0) and detect ring failures.

         
        Step 6 exit


        Example:
        Device(config-erp-ring-port)# exit
         

        Exits Ethernet ring port configuration mode.

         
        Step 7 port1 {interfacetype number | none}


        Example:
        Device(config-erp-ring)# port1 interface fastethernet 0/1/1
         

        Connects port1 of the local node of the interface to the Ethernet ring and enters Ethernet ring protection mode.

         
        Step 8 monitor service instance instance-id


        Example:
        Device(config-erp-ring-port)# monitor service instance 2
         

        Assigns the Ethernet service instance to monitor the ring port (port1) and detect ring failures.

        • The interface (to which port1 is attached) must be a subinterface of the main interface.
         
        Step 9 exit


        Example:
        Device(config-erp-ring-port)# exit
         

        Exits Ethernet ring port configuration mode.

         
        Step 10 exclusion-list vlan-ids vlan-id


        Example:
        Device(config-erp-ring)# exclusion-list vlan-ids 2
        
         

        Specifies VLANs that are unprotected by the Ethernet ring protection mechanism.

         
        Step 11 open-ring


        Example:
        Device(config-erp-ring)# open-ring
        
         

        Specifies the Ethernet ring as an open ring.

         
        Step 12 instance instance-id


        Example:
        Device(config-erp-ring)# instance 1
         

        Configures the Ethernet ring instance and enters Ethernet ring instance configuration mode.

         
        Step 13 description descriptive-name


        Example:
        Device(config-erp-inst)# description cisco_customer_instance
         

        Specifies a descriptive name for the Ethernet ring instance.

         
        Step 14 profile profile-name


        Example:
        Device(config-erp-inst)# profile profile1
         

        Specifies the profile associated with the Ethernet ring instance.

         
        Step 15 rpl {port0 | port1} {owner | neighbor | next-neighbor }


        Example:
        Device(config-erp-inst)# rpl port0 neighbor
         

        Specifies the Ethernet ring port on the local node as the RPL owner, neighbor, or next neighbor.

         
        Step 16 inclusion-list vlan-ids vlan-id


        Example:
        Device(config-erp-inst)# inclusion-list vlan-ids 11
         

        Specifies VLANs that are protected by the Ethernet ring protection mechanism.

         
        Step 17 aps-channel


        Example:
        Device(config-erp-inst)# aps-channel
         

        Enters Ethernet ring instance aps-channel configuration mode.

         
        Step 18 level level-value


        Example:
        Device(config-erp-inst-aps)# level 5
         

        Specifies the Automatic Protection Switching (APS) message level for the node on the Ethernet ring.

        • All nodes in the Ethernet ring must be configured with the same level.
         
        Step 19 port0 service instance instance-id


        Example:
        Device(config-erp-inst-aps)# port0 service instance 100 
         

        Associates APS channel information with port0.

         
        Step 20 port1 service instance {instance-id | none }


        Example:
        Device(config-erp-inst-aps)# port1 service instance 100
         

        Associates APS channel information with port1.

         
        Step 21 end


        Example:
        Device(config-erp-inst-aps)# end
         

        Returns to user EXEC mode.

         

        Configuring Topology Change Notification Propagation

        To configure topology change notification (TCN) propagation, complete the following steps.

        SUMMARY STEPS

          1.    enable

          2.    configure terminal

          3.    ethernet tcn-propagation G8032 to {REP | G8032}

          4.    end


        DETAILED STEPS
           Command or ActionPurpose
          Step 1 enable


          Example:
          Device> enable
           

          Enables privileged EXEC mode.

          • Enter your password if prompted.
           
          Step 2 configure terminal


          Example:
          Device# configure terminal
           

          Enters global configuration mode.

           
          Step 3 ethernet tcn-propagation G8032 to {REP | G8032}


          Example:
          Device(config)# ethernet tcn-propagation G8032 to G8032
           

          Allows topology change notification (TCN) propagation from a source protocol to a destination protocol.

          • Source and destination protocols vary by platform and release.
           
          Step 4 end


          Example:
          Device(config)# end
           

          Returns to user EXEC mode.

           

          Configuring a Service Instance

          To configure a service instance, complete the following steps.

          SUMMARY STEPS

            1.    enable

            2.    configure terminal

            3.    interface type number

            4.    service instance instance-id ethernet [evc-id]

            5.    encapsulation dot1q vlan-id [native]

            6.    bridge-domain bridge-id [split-horizon [group group-id]]

            7.    end


          DETAILED STEPS
             Command or ActionPurpose
            Step 1 enable


            Example:
            Device> enable
             

            Enables privileged EXEC mode.

            • Enter your password if prompted.
             
            Step 2 configure terminal


            Example:
            Device# configure terminal
             

            Enters global configuration mode.

             
            Step 3 interface type number


            Example:
            Device(config)# interface fastethernet 4/0/0
            
             

            Specifies the interface type and number.

             
            Step 4 service instance instance-id ethernet [evc-id]


            Example:
            Device(config-if)# service instance 101 ethernet
             

            Creates a service instance (an instance of an EVC) on an interface and enters service instance configuration mode.

             
            Step 5 encapsulation dot1q vlan-id [native]


            Example:
            Device(config-if-srv)# encapsulation dot1q 13
             

            Defines the matching criteria to be used in order to map ingress dot1q frames on an interface to the appropriate service instance.

             
            Step 6 bridge-domain bridge-id [split-horizon [group group-id]]


            Example:
            Device(config-if-srv)# bridge-domain 12
             

            Binds the service instance to a bridge domain instance.

             
            Step 7 end


            Example:
            Device(config-if-srv)# end
             

            Exits service instance configuration mode.

             

            Verifying the Ethernet Ring Protection (ERP) Switching Configuration

            To verify the ERP switching configuration, use one or more of the following commands in any order.

            SUMMARY STEPS

              1.    enable

              2.    show ethernet ring g8032 status [ring-name] [instance [instance-id]]

              3.    show ethernet ring g8032 brief [ring-name] [instance [instance-id]]

              4.    show ethernet ring g8032 summary

              5.    show ethernet ring g8032 statistics [ring-name] [instance [instance-id]]

              6.    show ethernet ring g8032 profile [profile-name]

              7.    show ethernet ring g8032 port status interface [type number]

              8.    show ethernet ring g8032 configuration [ring-name] instance [instance-id]

              9.    show ethernet ring g8032 trace {ctrl [ring-name instance instance-id] | sm}

              10.    end


            DETAILED STEPS
               Command or ActionPurpose
              Step 1 enable


              Example:
              Device> enable
               

              Enables privileged EXEC mode.

              • Enter your password if prompted.
               
              Step 2show ethernet ring g8032 status [ring-name] [instance [instance-id]]


              Example:
              Device# show ethernet ring g8032 status RingA instance 1
               

              Displays a status summary for the ERP instance.

               
              Step 3show ethernet ring g8032 brief [ring-name] [instance [instance-id]]


              Example:
              Device# show ethernet ring g8032 brief
               

              Displays a brief description of the functional state of the ERP instance.

               
              Step 4show ethernet ring g8032 summary


              Example:
              Device# show ethernet ring g8032 summary
               

              Displays a summary of the number of ERP instances in each state of the ERP switching process.

               
              Step 5show ethernet ring g8032 statistics [ring-name] [instance [instance-id]]


              Example:
              Device# show ethernet ring g8032 statistics RingA instance 1
               

              Displays the number of events and Ring Automatic Protection Switching (R-APS) messages received for an ERP instance.

               
              Step 6show ethernet ring g8032 profile [profile-name]


              Example:
              Device# show ethernet ring g8032 profile gold
               

              Displays the settings for one or more ERP profiles.

               
              Step 7show ethernet ring g8032 port status interface [type number]


              Example:
              Device# show ethernet ring g8032 port status interface fastethernet 0/0/1
               

              Displays Ethernet ring port status information for the interface.

               
              Step 8show ethernet ring g8032 configuration [ring-name] instance [instance-id]


              Example:
              Device# show ethernet ring g8032 configuration RingA instance 1
               

              Displays the details of the ERP instance configuration manager.

               
              Step 9show ethernet ring g8032 trace {ctrl [ring-name instance instance-id] | sm}


              Example:
              Device# show ethernet ring g8032 trace sm
               

              Displays information about ERP traces.

               
              Step 10 end


              Example:
              Device# end
               

              Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

               

              Configuration Examples for ITU-T G.8032 Ethernet Ring Protection Switching

              Example: Configuring Ethernet Ring Protection Switching

              The following is an example of an Ethernet Ring Protection (ERP) switching configuration:

              ethernet ring g8032 profile profile_ABC
               timer wtr 1
               timer guard 100
               timer hold-off  1
              
              ethernet ring g8032 major_ring_ABC
               exclusion-list vlan-ids 1000
               port0 interface FastEthernet 0/0/0
                monitor service instance 103
               port1 interface FastEthernet 0/1/0
                monitor service instance 102
               instance 1
                profile profile_ABC
                rpl port0 owner
                inclusion-list vlan-ids 100
                aps-channel
                 port0 service instance 100
                 port1 service instance 100
                !
              interface FastEthernet 0/0/0
               no ip address
               service instance 100 ethernet
                encapsulation dot1q 100
                bridge-domain 100
              service instance 200 ethernet
                encapsulation dot1q 200
                bridge-domain 200
              
               !
              !
              interface FastEthernet 0/1/1
               no ip address
               service instance 100 ethernet
                encapsulation dot1q 100
                bridge-domain 100
              service instance 200 ethernet
                encapsulation dot1q 200
                bridge-domain 200
              
               !
              !
               

              Example: Enabling Ethernet Fault Detection for a Service

              ethernet cfm domain G8032 level 4
              service 8032_service evc 8032-evc vlan 1001 direction down
                continuity-check
                continuity-check interval 3.3ms
                offload sampling 1000
                efd notify g8032
              ethernet ring g8032 profile TEST
              timer wtr 1
              timer guard 100
              ethernet ring g8032 open
              open-ring
              port0 interface GigabitEthernet0/1/3
                monitor service instance 1001
              port1 none
              instance 1
                profile TEST
                inclusion-list vlan-ids 2-500,1001
                aps-channel
                 port0 service instance 1001
                 port1 none
                !
              !
              instance 2
                profile TEST
                rpl port0 owner
                inclusion-list vlan-ids 1002,1005-2005
                aps-channel
                 port0 service instance 1002
                 port1 none
                !
              
              interface GigabitEthernet0/1/3
              no ip address
              load-interval 30
              shutdown
              negotiation auto
              storm-control broadcast level 10.00
              storm-control multicast level 10.00
              storm-control unicast level 90.00
              service instance 1 ethernet
                encapsulation untagged
                l2protocol peer lldp
                bridge-domain 1
              !
              service instance trunk 10 ethernet
                encapsulation dot1q 2-500,1005-2005
                rewrite ingress tag pop 1 symmetric
                bridge-domain from-encapsulation
              !
              service instance 1001 ethernet 8032-evc
                encapsulation dot1q 1001
                rewrite ingress tag pop 1 symmetric
                bridge-domain 1001
                cfm mep domain G8032 mpid 20
              !
              service instance 1002 ethernet 8032-evc-1
                encapsulation dot1q 1002
                rewrite ingress tag pop 1 symmetric
                bridge-domain 1002
              !
              End
              

              Example: Verifying the Ethernet Ring Protection Configuration

              The following is sample output from the show ethernet ring g8032 configuration command. Use this command to verify if the configuration entered is valid and to check for any missing configuration parameters.

              Device# show ethernet ring g8032 configuration
              
              ethernet ring ring0
               Port0: GigabitEthernet0/0/0 (Monitor: GigabitEthernet0/0/0)
               Port1: GigabitEthernet0/0/4 (Monitor: GigabitEthernet0/0/4)
               Exclusion-list VLAN IDs: 4001-4050
               Open-ring: no
               Instance 1
                Description:
                Profile:     opp
                RPL:
                Inclusion-list VLAN IDs: 2,10-500
                APS channel
                 Level: 7
                 Port0: Service Instance 1
                 Port1: Service Instance 1
                State: configuration resolved 
              

              Additional References for ITU-T G.8032 Ethernet Ring Protection Switching

              Related Documents

              Related Topic

              Document Title

              Ethernet Connectivity Fault Management (CFM)

              Configuring Ethernet Connectivity Fault Management in a Service Provider Network

              G.8032 Ethernet Ring Protection (ERP) administrative procedures

              http:/​/​docwiki.cisco.com/​wiki/​G.8032_​Ethernet_​Ring_​Protection_​(ERP)_​Administrative_​Procedures

              Carrier Ethernet commands: complete command syntax, command mode, command history, defaults, usage guidelines, and examples

              Cisco IOS Carrier Ethernet Command Reference

              Cisco IOS commands: master list of commands with complete command syntax, command mode, command history, defaults, usage guidelines, and examples

              Cisco IOS Master Commands List, All Releases

              Standards

              Standard

              Title

              ITU-T

              ITU-T Y.1731 OAM Mechanisms for Ethernet-Based Networks

              Technical Assistance

              Description

              Link

              The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

              http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​cisco/​web/​support/​index.html

              Feature Information For ITU-T G.8032 Ethernet Ring Protection Switching

              The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

              Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

              Table 1 Feature Information for ITU-T G.8032 Ethernet Ring Protection Switching

              Feature Name

              Releases

              Feature Information

              ITU-T G.8032 Ethernet Ring Protection Switching

              15.2(4)S

              15.3(1)S

              The ITU-T G.8032 Ethernet Ring Protection Switching feature implements protection switching mechanisms for Ethernet layer ring topologies. This feature uses the G.8032 Ethernet Ring Protection (ERP) protocol, defined in ITU-T G.8032, to provide protection for Ethernet traffic in a ring topology, while ensuring that no loops are within the ring at the Ethernet layer. The loops are prevented by blocking traffic on either a predetermined link or a failed link.

              The following commands were introduced or modified: aps-channel, clear ethernet ring g8032 statistics, debug ethernet ring g8032 errors, debug ethernet ring g8032 events, debug ethernet ring g8032 fsm, debug ethernet ring g8032 packets, description (Ethernet ring), ethernet ring g8032, ethernet ring g8032 profile, ethernet tcn-propagation, exclusion-list, inclusion-list, instance (Ethernet ring), level, monitor service instancenon-revertiveopen-ring, port0, port0 service instance, port1, port1 service instance, profile, rpl, show ethernet cfm domain, show ethernet cfm errors,show ethernet cfm maintenance-points remote, show ethernet cfm maintenance-points remote crosscheck, show ethernet ring g8032 brief, show ethernet ring g8032 configuration, show ethernet ring g8032 port status, show ethernet ring g8032 profile, show ethernet ring g8032 statistics, show ethernet ring g8032 status, show ethernet ring g8032 summary , show ethernet ring g8032 trace,show ethernet service instance and timer (Ethernet ring).