This document provides the troubleshooting methodology necessary to examine issues faced when you access/configure the Cisco Adaptive Security Appliance (ASA) with Cisco Adaptive Security Device Manager (ASDM). ASDM delivers security management and monitoring services for security appliances through a graphical management interface.
The scenarios, symptoms, and steps listed in this document are written for troubleshooting issues after the initial configuration is set up on the ASA. For the initial configuration, refer to the Configuring ASDM Access for Appliances section of the Cisco ASA Series General Operations ASDM Configuration Guide, 7.1.
This document uses the ASA CLI for troubleshooting, which requires Secure Shell (SSH)/Telnet/Console access to the ASA.
The information in this document is based on the ASDM and ASA.
The information in this document was created from the devices in a specific lab environment. All of the devices used in this document started with a cleared (default) configuration. If your network is live, make sure that you understand the potential impact of any command.
There are three major failure points on which this troubleshooting document focuses. If you adhere to the general troubleshooting process in this order, this document should help you to determine the exact problem with ASDM use/access.
- ASA Configuration
- Network Connectivity
- Application Software
There are three essential configurations that are present on the ASA that are needed in order to successfully access the ASDM:
- ASDM Image in Flash
- ASDM Image in Use
- HTTP Server Restrictions
ASDM Image in Flash
Make sure that the required version of the ASDM is uploaded to the flash. It can either be uploaded with the currently run version of the ASDM or with other conventional methods of file transfer to the ASA, such as TFTP.
Enter show flash on the ASA CLI in order to help you list the files present on the ASA flash memory. Check for the presence of the ASDM file:
ciscoasa# show flash --#-- --length-- -----date/time------ path
249 76267 Feb 28 2013 19:58:18 startup-config.cfg
250 4096 May 12 2013 20:26:12 sdesktop
251 15243264 May 08 2013 21:59:10 asa823-k8.bin
252 25196544 Mar 11 2013 22:43:40 asa845-k8.bin
253 17738924 Mar 28 2013 00:12:12 asdm-702.bin ---- ASDM Image
In order to further verify if the image present on the flash is valid and not corrupt, you can use the verify command in order to compare the stored MD5 hash in the software package and the MD5 hash of the actual file present:
ciscoasa# verify flash:/asdm-702.bin
Verifying file integrity of disk0:/asdm-702.bin
Embedded Hash MD5: e441a5723505b8753624243c03a40980
Computed Hash MD5: e441a5723505b8753624243c03a40980
CCO Hash MD5: c305760ec1b7f19d910c4ea5fa7d1cf1
This step should help you verify if the image is present and its integrity on the ASA.
ASDM Image in Use
This process is defined under the ASDM configuration on the ASA. A sample configuration definition of the current image that is used looks like this:
asdm image disk0:/asdm-702.bin
In order to further verify, you can also use the show asdm image command:
ciscoasa# show asdm image
Device Manager image file, disk0:/asdm-702.bin
HTTP Server Restrictions
This step is essential in the ASDM configuration, because it defines which networks have access to the ASA. A sample configuration looks like this:
http server enable
http 192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0 inside
http 18.104.22.168 255.0.0.0 outside
Verify that you have the necessary networks defined in the previous configuration. The absence of those definitions causes the ASDM launcher to time out while it connects and gives this error:
The ASDM launch page (https://<ASA IP address>/admin) causes the request to time out and no page is displayed.
Further verify that the HTTP server uses a non-standard port for ASDM connection, such as 8443. This is highlighted in the configuration:
ciscoasa(config)# show run http
http server enable 8443
If it uses a non-standard port, you need to specify the port when you connect to the ASA in the ASDM launcher as:
This also applies for when you access the ASDM launch page: https://10.106.36.132:8443/admin
Other Possible Configuration Issues
After you complete the previous steps, the ASDM should open if everything is functional on the client side. However, if you still experience issues, open the ASDM from another machine. If you succeed, the issue is is probably at the application level, and the ASA configuration is fine. However, if it still fails to launch, complete these steps to further verify the ASA-side configurations:
- Verify the Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) configuration on the ASA. ASDM uses SSL while it communicates with the ASA. Based on the way ASDM is launched, newer OS software might not allow usage of weaker ciphers when it negotiates SSL sessions.
Verify which ciphers are allowed on the ASA, and if any specific SSL versions are specified in the configuration with the show run all ssl command:
ciscoasa# show run all sslIf there are any SSL cipher negotiation errors while the ASDM launches, they display in the ASA logs:
ssl server-version any <--- Check SSL Version restriction configured on the ASA
ssl client-version any
ssl encryption rc4-sha1 aes128-sha1 aes256-sha1 3des-sha1 <--- Check SSL ciphers
permitted on the ASA
%ASA-7-725014: SSL lib error. Function: SSL3_GET_CLIENT_HELLO Reason:If you see specific settings, revert them to the default.
no shared cipher
%ASA-6-302014: Teardown TCP connection 3 for mgmt:22.214.171.124/52501 to
identity:10.106.36.132/443 duration 0:00:00 bytes 7 TCP Reset by appliance
Notice that the VPN-3DES-AES license needs to be enabled on the ASA for the 3DES and AES ciphers to be used by the ASA in the configuration. This can be verified with the show version command on the CLI. The output displays like this:
ciscoasa#show versionA VPN-3DES-AES license can be obtained without any cost from the Cisco licensing website. Click Security Products, and then choose Cisco ASA 3DES/AES License.
Hardware: ASA5510, 256 MB RAM, CPU Pentium 4 Celeron 1600 MHz
Internal ATA Compact Flash, 64MB
Slot 1: ATA Compact Flash, 32MB
BIOS Flash M50FW080 @ 0xffe00000, 1024KB
Failover : Active/Active
VPN-DES : Enabled
VPN-3DES-AES : Enabled
- Verify that WebVPN is enabled on the ASA. If it is enabled, you need to use this URL (https://10.106.36.132/admin) in order to access it when you access the ASDM web launch page.
- Check for a Network Address Translation (NAT) configuration on the ASA for port 443. This causes the ASA to not process the requests for ASDM but rather send them to the network/interface for which the NAT has been configured.
- If everything is verified and the ASDM still times out, verify that the ASA is set up to listen on the port defined for ASDM with the show asp table socket command on the ASA CLI. The output should show that the ASA listens on the ASDM port:
Protocol Socket Local Address Foreign Address StateIf this output does not display, remove and reapply the HTTP server configuration on the ASA in order to reset the socket on the ASA software.
SSL 0001b91f 10.106.36.132:443 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN
- If you experience issues when you log in/authenticate to the ASDM, verify that the authentication options for HTTP are set up correctly. If no authentication commands are set, you can use the ASA enable password to log in to the ASDM. If you want to enable username/passoword-based authentication, you need to enter this configuration in order to authenticate ASDM/HTTP sessions to the ASA from the ASA's username/password database:
aaa authentication http console LOCALRemember to create a username/password when you enable the previous command:
username <username> password <password> priv <Priv level>If none of these steps helps, these debug options are available on the ASA for further investigation:
debug http 255
debug asdm history 255
If you have completed the previous section and are still unable to access the ASDM, the next step is to verify the network connectivity to your ASA from the machine from which you want to access the ASDM. There are a few basic troubleshooting steps in order to verify that the ASA receives the request from the client machine:
- Test with Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP).
Ping the ASA interface from which you want to access the ASDM. The ping should be successful if ICMP is allowed to traverse your network and there are no restrictions on the ASA interface level. If the ping fails, it is probably because there is a communication issue between the ASA and the client machine. However, this is not a conclusive step to determine that there is that type of communication issue.
- Confirm with packet capture.
Place a packet capture on the interface from which you want to access the ASDM. The capture should show that TCP packets destined to the Interface IP address arrive with destination port number 443 (default).
In order to configure a capture, use this command:
capture asdm_test interface <name of the ASA interface> match tcp host This captures any TCP traffic that comes for port 443 on the ASA interface from which you connect to the ASDM. Connect via ASDM at this point or open the ASDM web launch page. Then use the show capture asdm_test command in order to view the result of the packets captured:
<IP address of the interface> eq 443 host <IP address of the client machine>
For example, cap asdm_test interface mgmt match tcp host 10.106.36.132
eq 443 host 10.106.36.13
ciscoasa# show capture asdm_testThis capture shows a synchronize (SYN) request from the client machine to the ASA, but the ASA sends no response. If you see a capture similar to the previous one, it means that the packets reach the ASA but the ASA does not respond to those requests, which isolates the issue to the ASA itself. Refer to the first section of this document in order to troubleshoot further.
Three packets captured
1: 21:38:11.658855 10.106.36.13.54604 > 10.106.36.132.443:
S 807913260:807913260(0) win 8192 <mss 1260,nop,wscale 2,nop,nop,sackOK>
2: 21:38:14.659252 10.106.36.13.54604 > 10.106.36.132.443:
S 807913260:807913260(0) win 8192 <mss 1260,nop,wscale 2,nop,nop,sackOK>
3: 21:38:20.662166 10.106.36.13.54604 > 10.106.36.132.443:
S 807913260:807913260(0) win 8192 <mss 1260,nop,nop,sackOK>
However, if you do not see output similar to the previous and no packets are captured, it means that there is a connectivity problem between the ASA and the ASDM client machine. Verify that there are no intermediary devices that might block TCP port 443 traffic and that there are no browser settings, such as Proxy settings, that could prevent the traffic from reaching the ASA.
Typically, packet capture is a good way to determine if the path to the ASA is clear, and if further diagnostics might not be needed to rule out network connectivity problems.
This section describes how to troubleshoot the ASDM launcher software that has been installed on the client machine when it fails to launch/load. The ASDM launcher is the component that resides on the client machine and connects to the ASA in order to retrieve the ASDM image. Once retrieved, the ASDM image is usually stored in cache and is taken from there until any changes are noticed on the ASA side, such as an ASDM image update.
Complete these basic troubleshooting steps in order to rule out any issues on the client machine:
- Open the ASDM launch page from another machine. If it launches, it means that the issue is with the client machine in question. If it fails, follow the troubleshooting guide from the beginning to isolate the involved components in order.
- Open the ASDM via web launch, and launch the software directly from there. If it succeeds, it is likely that there are issues with the ASDM launcher installation. Uninstall the ASDM launcher from the client machine, and reinstall it from the ASA web launch itself.
- Clear the ASDM's cache directory in the user's home directory. For example, in Windows 7, it is located here: C:\Users\<username>\.asdm\cache. The cache is cleared when you delete the entire cache directory. If the ASDM starts successfully, you can also clear the cache from within the ASDM File menu.
- Verify that the proper Java version is installed. The Cisco ASDM Release Notes list the requirements for tested Java versions.
- Clear the Java cache. In the Java Control Panel, choose General > Temporary Internet File. Then, click View in order to launch a Java Cache Viewer. Delete all entries that refer to or are related to ASDM.
- If these steps fail, collect the debugging information from the client machine for further investigation. Enable debugging for ASDM with the URL: https://<IP address of the ASA>?debug=5 e.g. https://10.0.0.1?debug=5.
With Java Version 6 (also called Version 1.6), Java debugging messages are enabled from Java Control Panel > Advanced. Then select the check boxes under Debugging. Do not select Do not start console under the Java console. Java debugging must be enabled before ASDM starts.
The Java console output is recorded in the .asdm/log directory of the user's home directory. ASDM logs might also be found in the same directory. For example, in Windows 7, the logs are under C:\Users\<username>/.asdm/log/.
Run Commands with HTTPS
This procedure helps determine any Layer 7 issues for the HTTP channel. This information proves useful when you are in a situation where the ASDM application itself is not accessible, and there is not any CLI access available to manage the device.
The URL that is used to access the ASDM web launch page can also be used to run any configuration-level commands on the ASA. This URL can be used in order to make configuration changes at a basic level to the ASA, which includes a remote device reload. In order to enter a command, use this syntax:
https://<IP address of the ASA>/admin/exec/<command>
If there is a space in the command and the browser is unable to parse space characters in a URL, you can use the + sign or %20 to indicate the space.
For example, https://10.106.36.137/admin/exec/show ver results in a show version output to the browser:
This method of command execution requires that the HTTP server is enabled on the ASA and has the necessary HTTP restrictions active. However, this does NOT require an ASDM image to be present on the ASA.