• Resistance from banks and financial institutions; early initiatives fell apart due to mutual distrust on the part of financial institutions and telecom operators.
– The NeMo (later called Moneta Cash) initiative by SK Telecom (SKT) in 2001 was launched in partnership with nine financial institutions. However, SKT's strategy aimed at Moneta Cash ultimately becoming a replacement for credit cards, which led to tension between the mobile operator and the financial institutions.
• Competing hardware offerings among carriers further fragmented the market. There is a lack of attractive handsets supporting the technology; KT notes that it will offer various additional services, utilizing unique NFC capabilities depending on penetration of handsets in the future. Currently, only a handful of devices have been available, including terminals from Nokia, Samsung, and Sagem.
• The mobile payment market is currently dominated by Short Message Service (SMS) payment transactions, which pose a challenge for contactless mobile payment.
• The success of contactless mobile payment services in South Korea is ensured due to an existing contactless ecosystem and the dominant role of mobile operators in pushing such solutions.
• South Korea already has in place a contactless mobile payment infrastructure, and most retail stores are already equipped with devices (readers) that can carry out such transactions. Along with this, the high degree of mobile penetration (101.92 percent in 2010 growing to 117.59 percent in 2015) and the advanced technological awareness of the South Koreans, makes South Korea an ideal market for contactless mobile payment.
• Transportation ticketing is a key opportunity as well as a driver for mobile contactless payment in South Korea. The target demographic includes businessmen, women in their 30s and 40s, and college students who frequently use public transportation, discount retail shops, and franchise shops.
• Contactless payment has a great potential to increase KT's Average Revenue Per User (ARPU) and also to combat domestic rival SK Telecom, which is working with SoftBank Mobile and KDDI to offer interoperable services across South Korea and Japan.
• KT has planned to invest in a 20 percent stake in BC Card to further strengthen its presence in the mobile payment and credit card sector. The BC Card stake will also enable KT to counter any moves from SKT. The deal will also strengthen its strategic alliance with Woori bank, which is selling its 20 percent stake in BC Card to KT.
• Device vendor partnerships include Samsung for the handsets. KT also plans to source NFC phones from domestic handset makers KT Tech and Pantech, and also a smartphone from LG.
• KT is partnering with Smart Card Co.'s T-money for its solution in Seoul, which will enable ticketing on public transportation.
• Retail partnerships are the key to a new NFC business model. KT is creating a network of alliances with retail outlets to spread the use of contactless mobile payment. Current partners include GS Caltex, Lotte, Dunkin' Donuts, and Baskin Robbins.
• Korean subscriber identity module (SIM) suppliers Solacia and later KEBTechnology are expected to develop the high-capacity SIMs, along with France-based Gemalto.
• The commercial launch of the KT NFC project was a follow-up to the success of the GSMA-initiated Pay-Buy-Mobile trial.
– The Pay-Buy-Mobile trial, especially the T-money service, was adopted by 450,000 users, because it was convenient and compatible with existing readers.
– 85 percent of users indicated satisfaction levels as extremely high for the T-money service.
– According to KT's survey, 85 percent of mobile transportation users indicated satisfaction levels were "very high."
– 85 percent of users also felt that using a contactless mobile phone is much more convenient than getting their wallet out to use public transportation, and would continue to use the mobile service.
• KT has competitively priced the service at KRW2000 (US$1.78) per month to use, with US$2 of coupons provided.
• KT predicts that by 2015, NFC phones will account for 47 percent of sales.
• Read KT overview
Case Study Source: Cisco sponsored research developed by Ovum