Native VLAN Hazard
When configuring 802.1Q tunneling on an edge switch, you must use 802.1Q trunk ports for sending out packets into the service-provider network. However, packets that go through the core of the service-provider network might be carried through 802.1Q trunks, ISL trunks, or nontrunking links. When 802.1Q trunks are used in these core switches, the native VLANs of the 802.1Q trunks must not match any native VLAN of the dot1q-tunnel port on the same switch because traffic on the native VLAN is not tagged on the 802.1Q transmitting trunk port.
VLAN 40 is configured as the native VLAN for the 802.1Q trunk port from Customer X at the ingress edge switch in the service-provider network (Switch B). Switch A of Customer X sends a tagged packet on VLAN 30 to the ingress tunnel port of Switch B in the service-provider network that belongs to access VLAN 40. Because the access VLAN of the tunnel port (VLAN 40) is the same as the native VLAN of the edge-switch trunk port (VLAN 40), the 802.1Q tag is not added to the tagged packets that are received from the tunnel port. The packet carries only the VLAN 30 tag through the service-provider network to the trunk port of the egress-edge switch (Switch C) and is misdirected through the egress switch tunnel port to Customer Y.
The following figure shows the native VLAN hazard.
A couple of ways to solve the native VLAN problem, are as follows:
Configure the edge switch so that all packets going out an 802.1Q trunk, including the native VLAN, are tagged by using the vlan dot1q tag native command. If the switch is configured to tag native VLAN packets on all 802.1Q trunks, the switch accepts untagged packets but sends only tagged packets.
The vlan dot1q tag native command is a global command that affects the tagging behavior on all trunk ports.
Ensure that the native VLAN ID on the edge switch trunk port is not within the customer VLAN range. For example, if the trunk port carries traffic of VLANs 100 to 200, assign the native VLAN a number outside that range.