Release Notes for the Cisco LoRaWAN Gateway, Release 2.0.11

These release notes include important information about Cisco LoRaWAN Gateway Software Release 2.0.11 and the limitations, restrictions, and caveats, if any, that apply to this release.

Introduction

The Cisco LoRaWAN Gateway is one of the Cisco Internet of Things (IoT) extension module series. It can be connected to the Cisco 809 and 829 Industrial Integrated Services Routers (IR800 series) for virtual mode or standalone for low-power wide-area (LPWA) access and is positioned as a carrier-grade gateway for outdoor deployment, including harsh environments. It adds a ruggedized remote LoRaWAN radio modem interface to create a gateway between the Cisco Field Network Director and a partner’s LoRa network server.


Note

The Cisco LoRaWAN Gateway was previously named Cisco LoRaWAN Interface Module.


There are two LoRaWAN gateway modes as below:

  • Virtual interface mode – IR800 series including the LoRaWAN module as a virtual interface

  • Standalone mode – The LoRaWAN module working alone as an Ethernet backhaul gateway

You can configure the LoRaWAN IXM running on virtual interface mode or standalone mode through CLI or IoT FND. For more information, see the Cisco Wireless Gateway for LoRaWAN Software Configuration Guide.

System Requirements

Hardware Supported

Model No.

Description

IXM-LPWA-800-16-K9

Cisco LoRaWAN Gateway, IoT extension module series, radio spectrum from 863–870 MHz, 16 LoRa channels, IP67

IXM-LPWA-900-16-K9

Cisco LoRaWAN Gateway, IoT extension module series, radio spectrum from 902–928 MHz, 16 LoRa channels, IP67

Software Images

Filename

Description

LoRa Forwarder Package (LRR) Version

ixm_mdm_i_k9-2.0.20.tar.gz

Cisco LoRaWAN Gateway OS Image Version 2.0.11 with Semtech Release Version 2.2.0, FPGA Version 58, and HAL Version 5.0.0

LRR 2.2.39


Note

The LRR version has dependencies with the IXM LoRaWAN firmware/FPGA/HAL release. Contact your Cisco representative if you are using different versions.


Installation of a New Software Release

To upgrade to Release2.0.x, any older versions must first be upgraded to Release 1.0.20.


Note

Make sure that FPGA v58 has been upgraded correctly before moving to the next step. FPGA upgrade will be triggered once the IXM boots up with the image version 1.0.20. After 10 - 15 minutes, you can use the following command to check the FPGA version.


IR829#show virtual-lpwa 1 modem info  
Name : Virtual-LPWA 1
ModemImageVer : 2.0.11
BootloaderVer : 20160830_cisco
ModemAgentVer : 1.02
SerialNumber : FOC21028RBH
PID : IXM-LPWA-900-16-K9
UTCTime : 19:14:14.465 UTC Tue Aug 29 2017
IPv4Address : 192.168.1.2
IPv6Address : none
FPGAVersion : 58   
TimeZone : UTC
LocalTime : Tue Aug 29 19:14:14 UTC 2017
ACT2 Authentication : PASS
ModemVersionID : V01
ProtocolVersion : 2
ChipID : LSB = 0x28750305 MSB = 0x00f1400e
LoRaSerialNumber : FOC21028R05
LoRaCalc :
<NA,NA,NA,55,37,110,101,93,84,76,68,58,49,39,30,21-NA,NA,NA,50,31,106,97,88
,80,71,63,53,44,34,25,16>
CalTempCelsius : 35
CalTempCodeAD9361 : 92
RSSIOffset : -204.00,-204.00
-203.00,-203.00
AESKey : Unknown

Then follow this procedure to upgrade to Release2.0.11:

Procedure


Step 1

Upgrade the firmware to Release 2.0.11 using the following factory install CLI:


IR829#virtual-lpwa 1 modem install firmware factory flash:ixm_mdm_i_k9-2.0.11.tar.gz  

Step 2

Upgrade the firmware to Release 2.0.11 using the same CLI with uboot or uboot-only option:


IR829#virtual-lpwa 1 modem install firmware factory flash:ixm_mdm_i_k9-2.0.11.K1.tar.gz ?
  only-uboot  install uboot only
  uboot       install uboot together
  <cr>
Note 

Step 2 is to upgrade the uboot optioins if the device is upgraded to Release 2.0.x for the first time, because the uboot options are not available for Release 1.0.20. Additionally, to use these uboot options in IR8x9, you must upgrade the IOS image of IR8x9 to Release 15.7.3M or later (such as ir800-universalk9-bundle.SPA.157-3.M.bin).

Note 

If certificates for IPSec have been persistently stored in the module in any image before 2.0, follow this procedure during an upgrade to image 2.0 and later. This applies to both factory and normal upgrades and must be done for proper behavior of the module.

  1. Erase the certificates.

  2. Upgrade the image.

  3. Re-download the new certificates.


Virtual Mode Installation

Follow these steps to install a new software image on the virtual mode LoRaWAN Gateway:

Procedure


Step 1

Log in to the IR809 or IR829 system with terminal through SSH or Console.

Step 2

Use the scp command to copy the image file into IR809 or IR829 from your host, and the image will be stored in flash.

Example:


IR829#copy ftp://root:cisco@192.168.0.1/temp/ixm_mdm_i_k9-2.0.tar.gz flash:
Destination filename [ixm_mdm_i_k9-2.0.tar.gz]? 
Accessing ftp://*:*@192.168.0.1/temp/ixm_mdm_i_k9-2.0.tar.gz...
Loading temp/ixm_mdm_i_k9-2.0.tar.gz
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
[OK - 70138462/4096 bytes]
 
70138462 bytes copied in 247.056 secs (283897 bytes/sec)

IR829#dir | include ixm
   68  -rw-    70138462   Jun 2 2017 17:56:22 +00:00  ixm_mdm_i_k9-2.0.tar.gz
IR829#

Step 3

(Optional) If you are upgrading from an older version to Release 1.0.20, the upgrade will result in updating the FPGA to version 58. After upgrading the image, no action should be taken while the FPGA is upgrading. You must wait until you get the upgrade status of Ready, as the following example shows.

Example:


IR829#show virtual-lpwa 1 modem status
Name : Virtual-LPWA 1 
Status : Running
Uptime : 0:05:02.130000
Door : DoorClose
Upgrade Status : Ready  

IR829#show virtual-lpwa 1 modem info
Name : Virtual-LPWA 1 
ModemImageVer : 1.0.20  
BootloaderVer : 20160830_cisco
ModemAgentVer : 1.02
SerialNumber : FOC20304ZG8
PID : IXM-LPWA-800-16-K9
UTCTime : 17:30:45.593 UTC Fri Jun 02 2017
IPv4Address : 10.16.16.5
IPv6Address : none
FPGAVersion : 58
TimeZone : CEST
LocalTime : Fri Jun  2 19:30:45 CEST 2017
ACT2 Authentication : PASS
ModemVersionID : V01
ProtocolVersion : 2
ChipID : LSB = 0x28610316 MSB = 0x00f14086
LoRaSerialNumber : FOC203310FV
LoRaCalc : <153,140,132,124,116,112,108,104,95,87,78,70,61,57,53,49-156,144,136,128,120,116,112,108,99,91,83,74,66,62,58,54>
CalTempCelsius : 41
CalTempCodeAD9361 : 98
RSSIOffset : -204.35,-205.89
 
AESKey : 595EB592055421C06895E4D4CE0FE63D

Step 4

From the CLI on IR809 or IR829, install the image. Using factory mode to install will take more than four minutes.

Example:


IR829#virtual-lpwa 1 modem install firmware factory flash:ixm_mdm_i_k9-2.0.tar.gz
filepath: flash:ixm_mdm_i_k9-2.0.tar.gz sent to modem
Name : Virtual-LPWA 1 
Modem image installed successfully
The modem will reboot in 10 s
IR829#

Step 5

After the image is installed successfully, verify the status. As shown in the following output, ModemImageVer has been updated, but BootloaderVer remains the same.

Example:


IR829#show virtual-lpwa 1 modem info
Name : Virtual-LPWA 1 
ModemImageVer : 2.0  
BootloaderVer : 20160830_cisco
ModemAgentVer : 1.02  
SerialNumber : FOC20304ZG8
PID : IXM-LPWA-800-16-K9
UTCTime : 18:12:50.141 UTC Fri Jun 02 2017
IPv4Address : 10.16.16.5
IPv6Address : none
FPGAVersion : 58
TimeZone : CEST
LocalTime : Fri Jun  2 20:12:50 CEST 2017
ACT2 Authentication : PASS
ModemVersionID : V01
ProtocolVersion : 2
ChipID : LSB = 0x28610316 MSB = 0x00f14086
LoRaSerialNumber : FOC203310FV
LoRaCalc : <153,140,132,124,116,112,108,104,95,87,78,70,61,57,53,49-156,144,136,128,120,116,112,108,99,91,83,74,66,62,58,54>
CalTempCelsius : 41
CalTempCodeAD9361 : 98
RSSIOffset : -204.35,-205.89

AESKey : D6E59138224920AA66D99F680CFD9543

IR829#

Step 6

From the CLI on IR809 or IR829, install the image again with the uboot option:

Example:


IR829#virtual-lpwa 1 modem install firmware factory flash:ixm_mdm_i_k9-2.0.tar.gz uboot  
filepath:flash:ixm_mdm_i_k9-2.0.tar.gz sent to modem
Name : Virtual-LPWA 1
Modem image installed successfully The modem will reboot in 10 s
IR829#

Step 7

After the image is installed successfully, verify the status. You will find from the output that both ModemImageVer and BootloaderVer have been upgraded.

Example:


IR829#show virtual-lpwa 1 modem info  
Name :Virtual-LPWA 1
ModemImageVer : 2.0
BootloaderVer: 20170515_cisco
……


Firmware Upgrade From Standalone Mode

Follow these steps to install a new software image on the standalone mode LoRaWAN Gateway:

Procedure


Step 1

Log into the Cisco LoRaWAN Gateway through the console port, or SSH if configured.

Note 
The console port is 115.2kbs.
Step 2

Check the current version before upgrade.

Example:


IXM-alone#show version  

Corsica Software, Version 2.0.02, RELEASE SOFTWARE
Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport     
Copyright (c) 2012-2014, 2017 by Cisco Systems, Inc.          
Compiled 15-Jun-2017.16:58:41UTC-04:00 by Corsica Team
 
ROM: Bootstrap program is Corsica boot loader
Firmware Version  : 2.0.02, RELEASE SOFTWARE
Bootloader Version: 20170515_cisco 
 
Hostname:IXM-alone uptime is 2 weeks, 6 days, 9 hours, 31 minutes
Using secondary system image     
 
This product contains cryptographic features and is subject to United
States and local country laws governing import, export, transfer and 
use. Delivery of Cisco cryptographic products does not imply         
third-party authority to import, export, distribute or use encryption.
Importers, exporters, distributors and users are responsible for      
compliance with U.S. and local country laws. By using this product you
agree to comply with applicable laws and regulations. If you are unable
to comply with U.S. and local laws, return this product immediately.   
 
A summary of U.S. laws governing Cisco cryptographic products may be found at:
http://www.cisco.com/wwl/export/crypto/tool/stqrg.html                        
 
If you require further assistance please contact us by sending email to
export@cisco.com.                                                      
 
cisco model: IXM-LPWA-800-16-K9
Processor  : ARMv7 Processor rev 1 (v7l) with 1026764K bytes of memory.
Last reset from power-on                                                     
 
Base ethernet MAC Address       : 00:50:43:14:2E:30 
Model revision number:          : B0
System serial number:           : FOC20394AA0
            
IXM-alone#

Step 3

Download the image file to the Cisco LoRaWAN Gateway from a TFTP or FTP server, or from a USB device and install the image.

Note 

To download the firmware from an USB device, you should first enable the USB support by executing the usb enable command.

Use the following command to download and install the firmware.

#archive download-sw firmware  {/factory  |/normal   [/save-reload  |/force-reload  ]} path 
  • /factory – Upgrade the firmware and delete user data.

Note 
Avoid using the /factory option with this command, because it erases everything and brings back to factory default.
  • /normal – Upgrade the firmware and keep user data.

  • /save-reload – Save the current configuration if required and reload the system after successful upgrade.

  • /force-reload – Do not save the current configuration and reload the system after successful upgrade.

  • path - The location of the file, which can be usb:, tftp, ftp, or flash:

Example:

 IXM-alone#archive download-sw firmware /normal /save-reload usb:ixm_mdm_i_k9-2.0.03rc3.tar.gz  
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!
 
Copy 69709647 bytes took 00:00:03 [hh:mm:ss]
Validating archive...
Validation successful
Extracting images...
Extracted images successfully
Verifying images...
Verification successful
Installing firmware in normal mode...
System will reload in few seconds...

 
Step 4

After the image is installed successfully, verify the status.

Example:

IXM-alone#show version
Corsica Software, Version 2.0.03rc3, RELEASE SOFTWARE
Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport     
Copyright (c) 2012-2014, 2017 by Cisco Systems, Inc.          
Compiled 07-Aug-2017.17:41:05UTC-07:00 by Corsica Team
 
ROM: Bootstrap program is Corsica boot loader
Firmware Version  : 2.0.03rc3, RELEASE SOFTWARE
Bootloader Version: 20170515_cisco 
 
Hostname:IXM-alone uptime is 2 minutes
Using secondary system image     
 
This product contains cryptographic features and is subject to United
States and local country laws governing import, export, transfer and 
use. Delivery of Cisco cryptographic products does not imply         
third-party authority to import, export, distribute or use encryption.
Importers, exporters, distributors and users are responsible for      
compliance with U.S. and local country laws. By using this product you
agree to comply with applicable laws and regulations. If you are unable
to comply with U.S. and local laws, return this product immediately.   
 
A summary of U.S. laws governing Cisco cryptographic products may be found at:
http://www.cisco.com/wwl/export/crypto/tool/stqrg.html                        
 
If you require further assistance please contact us by sending email to
export@cisco.com.                                                      
 
cisco model: IXM-LPWA-800-16-K9
Processor  : ARMv7 Processor rev 1 (v7l) with 1027308K bytes of memory.
Last reset from power-on                                                     
 
             
Base ethernet MAC Address       : 00:50:43:14:2E:30 
Model revision number:          : B0
System serial number:           : FOC20394AA0


Switching Between Standalone Mode and Virtual Mode

When the LoRaWAN gateway is in standalone mode, use the switchover EXEC command to switch to the virtual mode.

#switchover  

You can switch the LoRaWAN gateway from virtual mode to standalone mode through IR8x9, using the following command.

IR800#virtual-lpwa 1 modem standalone mode enable  

Caveats

This section contains the caveats for this release.

  • CSCvi92370

    Symptom: Upgrading IXM image via USB and having the USB connected to the unit while upgrading can cause problem and block the upgrade.

    Workaround: Copy the IXM image to flash and perform archive download via FLASH. Unplug USB while the boot is happening. If the IXM is in error state, simply unplug the USB. The device will recover from the error state after several minutes.

  • CSCvi70922

    Symptom: The virtual-lpwa packet forwarder install/uninstall exec commands have no effect.

    Workaround: In IOS, the packet forwarder installation exec commands are not supported and have been removed.

  • CSCvh06187

    Symptom: In virtual mode, the XPKI CA server is not supported when SCEP is configured from file instead of profile.

    Workaround: Configure the XPKI CA server using the lpwa modem scep profile command, and make sure that every parameter is configured properly.

  • CSCvh00511

    Symptom: FTP server does not accept passwords with special characters like ! or #.

    Workaround: Avoid using these special characters.

Resolved Caveats in Release 2.0.11

  • CSCvf84848—Fix enable secret error of handling incorrect padding.

  • CSCvf80656—IPSec tunnels do not work if DNS service takes longer than a minute.

  • CSCvf98774—IPsec enable and disable issue.

Known Issues

  • CSCvf98764

    Symptom: SSH parameters are not honored.

    Workaround: There is no workaround.

  • CSCvg00838

    Symptom: When backup goes down, the primary tunnel is reseting in certain cases.

    Workaround: There is no workaround.

Related Documentation