Installing and Patching Oracle
The Oracle procedures described in this chapter should be performed only as directed in the checklist provided in Installation Scenarios and Checklists for the installation setup that applies to you. Print the appropriate checklist from the PDF and check off each task as you complete it.
Note • Oracle 11g is available only for a 64-bit architecture.
Use the information in this section in conjunction with the Oracle documentation available on the Oracle website.
This chapter describes how to install Oracle software when you choose to install Prime Optical on an external database rather than on an embedded database. The Oracle software must be installed on the /oracle directory. You can choose any username for the Oracle operating system user that owns the Oracle software. In this procedure, the username oracle is used. You can replace oracle with the chosen username in all commands. You can choose any home directory other than /oracle for the Oracle operating system user. In this procedure, the /cporacle home directory is used. You can replace /cporacle with the chosen home directory in all commands.
This section describes how to create or update an existing oracle user before you install Oracle 11g. Also, before you install Oracle 11g, verify that:
Oracle is not running
The Cisco Prime Optical installation DVD is in the drive, or the Cisco Prime Optical installation ISO is mounted.
Creating a New Oracle User
Follow these steps to create a new oracle user:
Step 1 Enter the following command to create a UNIX group for database administrators:
Step 2 Enter the following command to create a UNIX group for installation of the Oracle software:
Step 3 Enter the following command to create a UNIX account to own the Oracle software:
useradd -g oinstall -G dba -m -s /bin/csh -d /cporacle oracle
Do not enter /oracle for the home directory.
Step 4 Enter the following command to change the oracle user password:
Step 5 Enter the new password and then reenter it to confirm it.
Updating an Existing Oracle User
Follow these steps if an oracle user already exists:
Step 1 As a root user, enter the following commands to create and update to the new home directory:
chown oracle:oinstall /cporacle
Step 2 As a root user, enter the following command to change the home directory/cpooracle:
usermod -d /
Setting Shell Limits for an Oracle User
Follow these steps to set the shell limits for an oracle user:
Edit the file /etc/security/limits.conf file by adding the following parameters:
oracle hard memlock unlimited oracle soft memlock unlimited
Add the following parameters only if Prime Optical is installed with optusr at runtime:
Note Do not add optusr settings if Prime Optical user at runtime is root.
Installing the Oracle 11g Software with the Response File (*.rsp) Provided by Cisco
To install Oracle 11g, follow these steps:
Step 1 Enter the following command to copy the default profile to the Oracle home directory:
cp <DVD-mount-point>/Disk1/oracle.cshrc /cporacle/.cshrc
Step 2 Enter the following command:
cp <DVD-mount-point>/Disk1/oracle11_2_0_3_linux.rsp /oracle
Step 3 Enter the following commands to change ownership of the Oracle software directories:
chown -R oracle:dba /oracle chown -R oracle:dba /cporacle chown -R oracle:dba /db01 chown -R oracle:dba /db02 chown -R oracle:dba /db03 chown -R oracle:dba /db04 chown -R oracle:dba /db05 chown -R oracle:dba /ctm_backup
Step 4 If you are using db01_rd or db02_rd, enter the following commands to change ownership of the Oracle software directories:
chown -R oracle:dba /db01_rd chown -R oracle:dba /db02_rd
Step 5 Enter the following command to add read-write permissions:
chmod +rw /cporacle/.cshrc
Step 6 Follow the preinstallation steps in the
Oracle 11g Installation Guide for Linux
, available on the Oracle website. Note the following constraints:
No RAC configuration
No ASM configuration
No Oracle application server
Step 7 Enter the following command to log in as the oracle user:
Step 8 Depending on the distribution media of the Oracle software, change to the directory where the runInstaller application is located. For example, if you are using a DVD, enter:
Step 9 Enter the following command to set the display on your terminal:
setenv DISPLAY <hostname-or-IP-address>:0.0
Step 10 Enter the following command to verify that the display is set correctly:
In the command output, you should see:
If you are using an xterm window or a remote host, as a root user enter the following command to enable the xterm connection from clients:
Step 11 Enter the following command to start the Oracle installer:
./runInstaller -silent -responseFile /oracle/oracle11_2_0_3_linux.rsp &
When this step is complete, you will be prompted to run several shell scripts as root. Instead, press the
key to return to the prompt.
Note • If you do not have the Oracle installation media, see your Oracle documentation for instructions on how to download and extract the correct software for the installation.
When carrying out the steps in this section, see the
Oracle Content Database Installation Guide
on the Oracle website.
Step 12 Enter the following commands to create the local/bin directory:
If you were prompted to run the /oracle/product/11.2.0/root.sh script, log in to another terminal window as a root user and do the following:
a. Enter the following command:
b. Enter the following command to run the root.sh script:
Step 13 Because the client static library is not generated during installation, you must do the following to generate and link your applications to the client static library:
a. Go back to the terminal window where you are logged in as the oracle user.
b. Enter the following command to generate the client static library:
Step 14 As the oracle user, enter the following commands to relink Oracle:
> setenv ORACLE_HOME /oracle/product/11.2.0 > $ORACLE_HOME/bin/relink all