Introduction to Istio Service meshes
Cisco Container Platform includes support for Istio service meshes. An Istio service mesh is logically split into a Data Plane and a Control Plane. The Data Plane includes a set of intelligent proxies (Envoy) and the Control Plane provides a reliable Istio framework. The term Istio is sometimes also used as a synonym to refer to the entire service mesh stack that includes the Control Plane and the Data Plane components.
The service mesh technology allows you to construct North-South and East-West L4 and L7 application traffic meshes. It provides containerized applications a language-independent framework that removes several common tasks related to L4 and L7 application networking from the actual application code. The common tasks include L4 and L7 service routing and load balancing, support for polyglot environments in a language-independent manner and advanced telemetry. The service mesh technology enhances operational capabilities such as monitoring, security, load balancing and troubleshooting for the applications. You can deploy a service mesh in a multi-cloud topology allowing these functions to operate with applications that run across multiple independent cloud deployments.
The following figure shows the high-level architecture of an Istio service mesh.
In Cisco Container Platform, the components of Istio and Envoy are supported in the upstream Istio community. The Control and Data Plane components of the solution, such as Pilot, Mixer, Citadel and the Data Plane Envoy proxy for both North-South and East-West load balancing, are supported on Cisco Container Platform.
Currently, the Istio service mesh feature is marked as a Tech Preview feature and uses the Istio community version v1.0. You need to contact your service representative for support on the version of Cisco Container Platform you have deployed.