The NAT Optimized SIP Media Path with SDP feature provides the ability to optimize the media path taken by a SIP VoIP session when NAT is used. NAT forces the VoIP traffic to take at least one extra hop in the network, which usually results in several additional hops being added to the path between two IP hosts.
Cisco IOS NAT will add the relevant translation information per SIP session within the SIP protocol messages. The SIP Application Layer Gateway support within Cisco IOS NAT will extract this translation information from the SIP packets and create NAT table entries.
The “piggybacking” of NAT translation information within the SIP call flows, the design of how users interact with the application when they talk to it, will allow the media path of a SIP VoIP session between two calling parties to take the optimized routing path between each other.