Catalyst 6500 Release 15.0SY Software Configuration Guide
Cisco IP Phone Support
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Cisco IP Phone Support

Table Of Contents

Cisco IP Phone Support

Prerequisites for Cisco IP Phone Support

Restrictions for Cisco IP Phone Support

Information About Cisco IP Phone Support

Cisco IP Phone Connections

Cisco IP Phone Voice Traffic

Cisco IP Phone Data Traffic

Other Cisco IP Phone Features

Default Setting for Cisco IP Phone Support

How to Configure Cisco IP Phone Support

Configuring Voice Traffic Support

Configuring Data Traffic Support


Cisco IP Phone Support


Prerequisites for Cisco IP Phone Support

Restrictions for Cisco IP Phone Support

Information About Cisco IP Phone Support

Default Setting for Cisco IP Phone Support

How to Configure Cisco IP Phone Support


NoteFor complete syntax and usage information for the commands used in this chapter, see these publications:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/ps11845/prod_command_reference_list.html

Cisco IOS Release 15.0SY supports only Ethernet interfaces. Cisco IOS Release 15.0SY does not support any WAN features or commands.



Tip For additional information about Cisco Catalyst 6500 Series Switches (including configuration examples and troubleshooting information), see the documents listed on this page:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/hw/switches/ps708/tsd_products_support_series_home.html

Participate in the Technical Documentation Ideas forum


Prerequisites for Cisco IP Phone Support

None.

Restrictions for Cisco IP Phone Support

The information in this publication may be helpful in configuring support for non-Cisco IP phones, but we recommend that you see the manufacturer's documentation for those devices.

You must enable the Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP) on the port connected to the Cisco IP phone to send configuration information to the Cisco IP phone.

You can configure a voice VLAN only on a Layer 2 LAN port.

The following conditions indicate that the Cisco IP phone and a device attached to the Cisco IP phone are in the same VLAN and must be in the same IP subnet:

If they both use 802.1p or untagged frames

If the Cisco IP phone uses 802.1p frames and the device uses untagged frames

If the Cisco IP phone uses untagged frames and the device uses 802.1p frames

If the Cisco IP phone uses 802.1Q frames and the voice VLAN is the same as the access VLAN

The Cisco IP phone and a device attached to the Cisco IP phone cannot communicate if they are in the same VLAN and subnet but use different frame types, because traffic between devices in the same subnet is not routed (routing would eliminate the frame type difference).

You cannot use Cisco IOS software commands to configure the frame type used by traffic sent from a device attached to the access port on the Cisco IP phone.

If you enable port security on a port configured with a voice VLAN and if there is a PC connected to the Cisco IP phone, set the maximum allowed secure addresses on the port to at least 2.

You cannot configure static secure MAC addresses in the voice VLAN.

Ports configured with a voice VLAN can be secure ports (see Chapter 83 "Port Security").

In all configurations, the voice traffic carries a Layer 3 IP precedence value (the default is 5 for voice traffic and 3 for voice control traffic).

Information About Cisco IP Phone Support

Cisco IP Phone Connections

Cisco IP Phone Voice Traffic

Cisco IP Phone Data Traffic

Other Cisco IP Phone Features

Cisco IP Phone Connections

The Cisco IP phone contains an integrated 3-port 10/100 switch. The ports are dedicated connections to these devices:

Port 1 connects to the switch.

Port 2 is an internal 10/100 interface that carries the Cisco IP phone traffic.

Port 3 connects to a PC or other device.

Figure 17-1 shows a Cisco IP phone connected between a switch and a PC.

Figure 17-1 Cisco IP Phone Connected to a Switch

Cisco IP Phone Voice Traffic

The Cisco IP phone transmits voice traffic with Layer 3 IP precedence and Layer 2 CoS values, which are both set to 5 by default. The sound quality of a Cisco IP phone call can deteriorate if the voice traffic is transmitted unevenly.

You can configure Layer 2 access ports on the switch to send Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP) packets that configure an attached Cisco IP phone to transmit voice traffic to the switch in any of the following ways:

In the voice VLAN, tagged with a Layer 2 CoS priority value

In the access VLAN, tagged with a Layer 2 CoS priority value

In the access VLAN, untagged (no Layer 2 CoS priority value)


Note In all configurations, the voice traffic carries a Layer 3 IP precedence value (the default is 5 for voice traffic and 3 for voice control traffic).


To provide more predictable voice traffic flow, you can configure QoS on the switch to trust the Layer 3 IP precedence or Layer 2 CoS value in the received traffic (see Chapter 59 "PFC QoS Overview").

The trusted boundary device verification feature configures ports on the switch to apply configured QoS port trust commands only when the Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP) verifies that the device attached to the port is a Cisco IP phone. See the "How to Configure Trusted Boundary with Cisco Device Verification" section.

You can configure a Layer 2 access port with an attached Cisco IP phone to use one VLAN for voice traffic and another VLAN for data traffic from a device attached to the Cisco IP phone.

Cisco IP Phone Data Traffic


NoteThe ability to either trust or mark tagged data traffic from the device attached to the access port on the Cisco IP phone is called the "trusted boundary (extended trust for CDP devices)" feature.

You cannot use Cisco IOS software commands to configure the frame type used by data traffic sent from a device attached to the access port on the Cisco IP phone.

Untagged data traffic from the device attached to the Cisco IP phone passes through the Cisco IP phone unchanged, regardless of the trust state of the access port on the Cisco IP phone.


To process tagged data traffic (traffic in 802.1Q or 802.1p frame types) from the device attached to the access port on the Cisco IP phone (see Figure 17-1), you can configure Layer 2 access ports on the switch to send CDP packets that instruct an attached Cisco IP phone to configure the access port on the Cisco IP phone to either of these two modes:

Trusted mode—All traffic received through the access port on the Cisco IP phone passes through the Cisco IP phone unchanged.

Untrusted mode—All traffic in 802.1Q or 802.1p frames received through the access port on the Cisco IP phone is marked with a configured Layer 2 CoS value. The default Layer 2 CoS value is 0. Untrusted mode is the default.

Most IP phones have no ability to notify the switch of link state changes on the IP phone's access port. When a device attached to the access port is disconnected or disabled administratively, the switch is unaware of the change. Some Cisco IP phones can send a CDP message containing a host presence type length value (TLV) indicating the changed state of the access port link.

Other Cisco IP Phone Features

The switch provides support for authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA) for Cisco IP phones, as described in Chapter 81 "IEEE 802.1X Port-Based Authentication."

The switch also supports automatic tracking for Cisco Emergency Responder (Cisco ER) to help you manage emergency calls in your telephony network. For further information, see this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/sw/voicesw/ps842/tsd_products_support_series_home.html

Default Setting for Cisco IP Phone Support

Cisco IP phone support is disabled by default.

When the voice VLAN feature is enabled, all untagged traffic is sent with the default CoS priority of the port.

CoS values are not trusted for 802.1P or 802.1Q tagged traffic.

How to Configure Cisco IP Phone Support

Configuring Voice Traffic Support

Configuring Data Traffic Support

Configuring Voice Traffic Support

To configure the way in which the Cisco IP phone transmits voice traffic, perform this task:

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

Router(config)# interface gigabitethernet slot/port

Selects the port to configure.

Step 2 

Router(config-if)# switchport

Configures the LAN port for Layer 2 switching.

Note You must enter the switchport command once without any keywords to configure the LAN port as a Layer 2 port before you can enter additional switchport commands with keywords.

Step 3 

Router(config-if)# switchport voice vlan {voice_vlan_ID | dot1p | none | untagged}

Configures the way in which the Cisco IP phone transmits voice traffic.

Step 4 

Router(config)# end

Exits configuration mode.

When configuring the way in which the Cisco IP phone transmits voice traffic, note the following information:

Enter a voice VLAN ID to send CDP packets that configure the Cisco IP phone to transmit voice traffic in 802.1Q frames, tagged with the voice VLAN ID and a Layer 2 CoS value (the default is 5). Valid VLAN IDs are from 1 to 4094. The switch puts the 802.1Q voice traffic into the voice VLAN.

Enter the dot1p keyword to send CDP packets that configure the Cisco IP phone to transmit voice traffic in 802.1p frames, tagged with VLAN ID 0 and a Layer 2 CoS value (the default is 5 for voice traffic and 3 for voice control traffic). The switch puts the 802.1p voice traffic into the access VLAN.

Enter the untagged keyword to send CDP packets that configure the Cisco IP phone to transmit untagged voice traffic. The switch puts the untagged voice traffic into the access VLAN.

Enter the none keyword to allow the Cisco IP phone to use its own configuration and transmit untagged voice traffic. The switch puts the untagged voice traffic into the access VLAN.

In all configurations, the voice traffic carries a Layer 3 IP precedence value (the default is 5).

See Chapter 59 "PFC QoS Overview," for information about how to configure QoS.

See the "Configuring a LAN Interface as a Layer 2 Access Port" section for information about how to configure the port as a Layer 2 access port and configure the access VLAN.

This example shows how to configure Gigabit Ethernet port 5/1 to send CDP packets that tell the Cisco IP phone to use VLAN 101 as the voice VLAN:

Router# configure terminal 
Router(config)# interface gigabitethernet 5/1 
Router(config-if)# switchport voice vlan 101 
Router(config-if)# exit 
 
   

This example shows how to verify the configuration of Gigabit Ethernet port 5/1:

Router# show interfaces gigabitethernet 5/1 switchport 
Name: Gi5/1
Switchport: Enabled
Administrative Mode: access
Operational Mode: access
Administrative Trunking Encapsulation: dot1q
Operational Trunking Encapsulation: dot1q
Negotiation of Trunking: off
Access Mode VLAN: 100
Voice VLAN: 101
Trunking Native Mode VLAN: 1 (default)
Administrative private-vlan host-association: none 
Administrative private-vlan mapping: 900 ((Inactive)) 901 ((Inactive)) 
Operational private-vlan: none 
Trunking VLANs Enabled: ALL
Pruning VLANs Enabled: 2-1001
Capture Mode Disabled
Capture VLANs Allowed: ALL

Configuring Data Traffic Support


Note The trusted boundary feature is implemented with the platform qos trust extend command.


To configure the way in which an attached Cisco IP phone transmits data traffic, perform this task:

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

Router(config)# interface gigabitethernet slot/port

Selects the port to configure.

Step 2 

Router(config-if)# platform qos trust extend [cos cos_value]

Configures the way in which an attached Cisco IP phone transmits data traffic.

Step 3 

Router(config)# end

Exits configuration mode.

When configuring the way in which an attached Cisco IP phone transmits data traffic, note the following information:

To send CDP packets that configure an attached Cisco IP phone to trust tagged traffic received from a device connected to the access port on the Cisco IP phone, do not enter the cos keyword and CoS value.

To send CDP packets that configure an attached Cisco IP phone to mark tagged ingress traffic received from a device connected to the access port on the Cisco IP phone, enter the cos keyword and CoS value (valid values are 0 through 7).

You cannot use Cisco IOS software commands to configure whether or not traffic sent from a device attached to the access port on the Cisco IP phone is tagged.

This example shows how to configure Gigabit Ethernet port 5/1 to send CDP packets that tell the Cisco IP phone to configure its access port as untrusted and to mark all tagged traffic received from a device connected to the access port on the Cisco IP phone with CoS 3:

Router# configure terminal 
Router(config)# interface gigabitethernet 5/1 
Router(config-if)# platform qos trust extend cos 3 
 
   

This example shows how to configure Gigabit Ethernet port 5/1 to send CDP packets that tell the Cisco IP phone to configure its access port as trusted:

Router# configure terminal 
Router(config)# interface gigabitethernet 5/1 
Router(config-if)# platform qos trust extend 
 
   

This example shows how to verify the configuration on Gigabit Ethernet port 5/1:

Router# show queueing interface gigabitethernet 5/1 | include Extend 
  Extend trust state: trusted

Tip For additional information about Cisco Catalyst 6500 Series Switches (including configuration examples and troubleshooting information), see the documents listed on this page:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/hw/switches/ps708/tsd_products_support_series_home.html

Participate in the Technical Documentation Ideas forum