Catalyst 4500 Series Switch Software Configuration Guide, 15.0(2)SG
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Index

Table Of Contents

Numerics - A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - Y -

Index

Numerics

10/100 autonegotiation feature, forced 6-18

10-Gigabit Ethernet or Gigabit Ethernet ports

deploy on WS-X4606-10GE-E and Sup 6-E 6-13

10-Gigabit Ethernet port

deploy with Gigabit Ethernet SFP ports 6-12, 6-13

1400 W DC Power supply

special considerations 10-18

1400 W DC SP Triple Input power supply

special considerations 10-18

802.10 SAID (default) 13-5

802.1Q

trunks 18-6

tunneling

compatibility with other features 25-5

defaults 25-3

described 25-2

tunnel ports with other features 25-6

802.1Q VLANs

encapsulation 15-3

trunk restrictions 15-5

802.1s

See MST

802.1w

See MST

802.1X

See port-based authentication

802.1X authentication

Authentication Failed VLAN assignment 40-17

for Critical Authentication 40-14

for guest VLANs 40-11

for MAC Authentication Bypass 40-12

for Unidirectional Controlled Port 40-15

VLAN User Distribution 40-16

web-based authentication 40-14

with port security 40-19

with VLAN assignment 40-10

with voice VLAN ports 40-22

802.1X Host Mode 40-6

multiauthentication mode 40-8

multidomain authentication mode 40-7

single-host 40-7

802.3ad

See LACP

A

AAA 44-1

AAA (authentication, authorization, and accounting). See also port-based authentication. 42-2

abbreviating commands 2-5

access control entries

See ACEs

access control entries and lists 44-1

access-group mode, configuring on Layer 2 interface 47-39

access-group mode, using PACL with 47-39

access list filtering, SPAN enhancement 51-13

access lists

using with WCCP 64-8

access ports

and Layer 2 protocol tunneling 25-15

configure port security 43-7, 43-22

configuring 15-8

access VLANs 15-6

accounting

with RADIUS 40-108

with TACACS+ 3-16, 3-21

ACEs

ACLs 47-2

IP 47-3

Layer 4 operation restrictions 47-16

ACEs and ACLs 44-1

ACL assignments, port-based authentication 40-20

ACL assignments and redirect URLs, configure 40-38

ACL configuration, displaying a Layer 2 interface 47-40

ACLs

ACEs 47-2

and SPAN 51-5

and TCAM programming for Sup 6-E 47-16

and TCAM programming for Sup II-Plus thru V-10GE 47-7

applying IPv6 ACLs to a Layer 3 interface 47-24

applying on routed packets 47-34

applying on switched packets 47-33

chaning the TCAM programming algorithm 47-9

compatibility on the same switch 47-3

configuring with VLAN maps 47-32

CPU impact 47-18

downloadable 42-7

hardware and software support 47-6

IP, matching criteria for port ACLs 47-4

MAC extended 47-20

matching criteria for router ACLs 47-3

port

and voice VLAN 47-5

defined 47-3

processing 47-18

resize the TCAM regions 47-11

selecting mode of capturing control packets 47-13

TCAM programming algorithm 47-8

troubleshooting high CPU 47-12

types supported 47-3

understanding 47-2

VLAN maps 47-5

ACLs, applying to a Layer 2 interface 47-40

ACLs and VLAN maps, examples 47-26

acronyms, list of A-1

action drivers, marking 37-71

active queue management 37-14

active queue management via DBL, QoS on Sup 6-E 37-84

active traffic monitoring, IP SLAs 60-1

adding members to a community 12-9

addresses

displaying the MAC table 4-35

dynamic

changing the aging time 4-21

defined 4-19

learning 4-20

removing 4-22

IPv6 48-2

MAC, discovering 4-35

See MAC addresses

static

adding and removing 4-27

defined 4-19

address resolution 4-35

adjacency tables

description 31-2

displaying statistics 31-9

administrative VLAN

REP, configuring 20-9

administrative VLAN, REP 20-8

advertisements

LLDP 1-5, 27-2

advertisements, VTP

See VTP advertisements

aggregation switch, enabling DHCP snooping 45-9

aging time

MAC address table 4-21

All Auth manager sessions, displaying summary 40-114

All Auth manager sessions on the switch authorized for a specified authentication method 40-115

ANCP client

enabling and configuring 34-2

guidelines and restrictions 34-5

identify a port with DHCP option 82 34-4

identify a port with protocol 34-2

overview 34-1

ANCP protocol

identifying a port with 34-2

applying IPv6 ACLs to a Layer 3 interface 47-24

AQM via DBL, QoS on Sup 6-E 37-84

archiving crashfiles information 2-8

ARP

defined 4-35

table

address resolution 4-35

managing 4-35

asymmetrical links, and 802.1Q tunneling 25-3

attributes, RADIUS

vendor-proprietary 40-111

vendor-specific 40-109

authentication

NTP associations 4-4

RADIUS

key 40-101

login 40-103

See also port-based authentication

TACACS+

defined 3-16

key 3-18

login 3-19

Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting (AAA) 44-1

Authentication Failed, configuring 80.1X 40-68

Authentication methods registered with the Auth manager, determining 40-114

authentication open comand 40-8

authentication proxy web pages 42-4

authentication server

defined 40-3

RADIUS server 40-3

Auth manager session for an interface, verifying 40-115

Auth manager summary, displaying 40-114

authoritative time source, described 4-2

authorization

with RADIUS 40-107

with TACACS+ 3-16, 3-21

authorized and unauthorized ports 40-5

authorized ports with 802.1X 40-5

autoconfiguration 3-2

automatic discovery

considerations 12-7

automatic QoS

See QoS

Auto-MDIX on a port

configuring 6-28

displaying the configuration 6-29

overview 6-27

autonegotiation feature

forced 10/100Mbps 6-18

Auto-QoS

configuring 37-56

Auto SmartPorts built-in macros

configuring parameters 17-6

Auto SmartPorts macros

built-in macros 17-4

configuration guidelines 17-4

default configuration 17-3

defined 17-1

displaying 17-13

enabling 17-3

IOS shell 17-2, 17-9

Auto Smartports macros

defined 1-2

Auto SmartPorts user-defined macros

configuring 17-9

auto-sync command 8-8

Auto SmartPorts macros

See also SmartPorts macros

Auto Smartports macros

See also Smartports macros

B

Baby Giants

interacting with 6-26

BackboneFast

adding a switch (figure) 21-4

and MST 18-23

configuring 21-16

link failure (figure) 21-14, 21-15

not supported MST 18-23

understanding 21-14

See also STP

banners

configuring

login 4-19

message-of-the-day login 4-18

default configuration 4-18

when displayed 4-17

b command 63-3

b flash command 63-3

BGP 1-13

routing session with multi-VRF CE 36-12

blocking packets 49-1

blocking state (STP)

RSTP comparisons (table) 18-24

boot bootldr command 3-31

boot command 3-28

boot commands 63-3

boot fields

See configuration register boot fields

bootstrap program

See ROM monitor

boot system command 3-26, 3-31

boot system flash command 3-28

Border Gateway Protocol

See BGP

boundary ports

description 18-27

BPDU Guard

and MST 18-23

configuring 21-16

overview 21-8

BPDUs

and media speed 18-2

pseudobridges and 18-25

what they contain 18-3

bridge ID

See STP bridge ID

bridge priority (STP) 18-17

bridge protocol data units

See BPDUs

Broadcast Storm Control

disabling 50-6

enabling 50-3

Built-in macros and user-defined triggers, configuring mapping 17-9

burst rate 37-52

burst size 37-27

C

cache engine clusters 64-1

cache engines 64-1

cache farms

See cache engine clusters

Call Home

description 1-19, 59-2

message format options 59-2

messages

format options 59-2

call home 59-1

alert groups 59-6

configuring e-mail options 59-9

contact information 59-4

default settings 59-18

destination profiles 59-5

displaying information 59-14

mail-server priority 59-10

pattern matching 59-9

periodic notification 59-8

rate limit messages 59-9

severity threshold 59-8

smart call home feature 59-2

SMTP server 59-9

testing communications 59-10

call home alert groups

configuring 59-6

description 59-6

subscribing 59-7

call home contacts

assigning information 59-4

call home destination profiles

attributes 59-5

configuring 59-5

description 59-5

displaying 59-16

call home notifications

full-txt format for syslog 59-25

XML format for syslog 59-28

candidates

automatic discovery 12-7

candidate switch, cluster

defined 12-12

Capturing control packets

selecting mode 47-13

cautions

Unicast RPF

BGP optional attributes 32-5

cautions for passwords

encrypting 3-22

CDP

and trusted boundary 37-21

automatic discovery in communities 12-7

configuration 26-2

defined with LLDP 27-1

displaying configuration 26-3

enabling on interfaces 26-3

host presence detection 40-8

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 25-13

maintaining 26-3

monitoring 26-3

overview 1-3, 26-1

cdp enable command 26-3

CEF

adjacency tables 31-2

and NSF with SSO 9-5

configuring load balancing 31-7

displaying statistics 31-8

enabling 31-6, 62-2

hardware switching 31-4

load balancing 31-6

overview 31-1

software switching 31-4

certificate authority (CA) 59-3

CFM

and Ethernet OAM, configuring 57-51

and Ethernet OAM interaction 57-51

clearing 57-31

configuration guidelines 57-7, 58-4

configuring crosscheck for VLANs 57-11

configuring fault alarms 57-16

configuring port MEP 57-14

configuring static remote MEP 57-13, 57-16, 57-18

crosscheck 57-5

defined 57-2

EtherChannel support 57-7, 58-4

fault alarms

configuring 57-16

IP SLAs support for 57-6

IP SLAs with endpoint discovers 57-21

maintenance domain 57-2

manually configuring IP SLAs ping or jitter 57-19

measuring network performance 57-6

monitoring 57-32, 57-33

port MEP, configuring 57-14

remote MEPs 57-5

static RMEP, configuring 57-13, 57-16, 57-18

static RMEP check 57-5

Y.1731

described 57-27

CGMP

overview 23-1

Change of Authorization, RADIUS 40-94

channel-group group command 22-8, 22-10

Cisco 7600 series Internet router

enabling SNMP 65-4, 65-5

Cisco Discovery Protocol

See CDP

Cisco Express Forwarding

See CEF

Cisco Group Management Protocol

See CGMP

Cisco IOS IP SLAs 60-2

Cisco IOS NSF-aware

support 9-2

Cisco IOS NSF-capable support 9-2

Cisco IP Phones

configuring 38-3

sound quality 38-1

CiscoWorks 2000 54-4

CIST

description 18-22

civic location 27-3

class level, configure in a service policy 37-82

class-map command 37-28

class of service

See CoS

clear cdp counters command 26-4

clear cdp table command 26-3

clear counters command 6-31

clearing

Ethernet CFM 57-31

IP multicast table entries 33-28

clear ip eigrp neighbors command 30-19

clear ip flow stats command 56-9

CLI

accessing 2-2

backing out one level 2-5

getting commands 2-5

history substitution 2-4

managing clusters 12-13

modes 2-5

monitoring environments 51-1

ROM monitor 2-7

software basics 2-4

clients

in 802.1X authentication 40-3

clock

See system clock

clustering switches

command switch characteristics

and VTY 12-12

convert to a community 12-10

managing

through CLI 12-13

overview 12-2

planning considerations

CLI 12-13

passwords 12-8

CoA Request Commands 40-97

command-line processing 2-3

command modes 2-5

commands

b 63-3

b flash 63-3

boot 63-3

confreg 63-3

dev 63-3

dir device 63-3

frame 63-5

i 63-3

listing 2-5

meminfo 63-5

reset 63-3

ROM monitor63-2to 63-3

ROM monitor debugging 63-5

SNMP 65-4

sysret 63-5

command switch, cluster

requirements 12-11

common and internal spanning tree

See CIST

common spanning tree

See CST

community of switches

access modes in Network Assistant 12-9

adding devices 12-9

communication protocols 12-8

community name 12-8

configuration information 12-9

converting from a cluster 12-10

host name 12-8

passwords 12-8

community ports 39-3

community strings

configuring 54-7

overview 54-4

community VLANs 39-2, 39-3

configure as a PVLAN 39-15

compiling MIBs 65-4

config-register command 3-29

config terminal command 3-9

configurable leave timer,IGMP 23-4

configuration examples

SNMP 54-15

configuration files

limiting TFTP server access 54-15

obtaining with DHCP 3-6

saving 3-10

system contact and location information 54-14

configuration guidelines

CFM 57-7, 58-4

Ethernet OAM 57-35

REP 20-7

SNMP 54-6

VLAN mapping 25-10

configuration register

boot fields

listing value 3-29

modifying 3-28

changing from ROM monitor 63-3

changing settings3-28to 3-29

configuring 3-26

settings at startup 3-27

configure class-level queue-limit in a service policy 37-82

configure terminal command 3-29, 6-2

configuring access-group mode on Layer 2 interface 47-39

configuring flow control 6-20

configuring interface link and trunk status envents 6-32

configuring named IPv6 ACLs 47-23

configuring named MAC extended ACLs 47-20, 47-22

configuring unicast MAC address filtering 47-20

configuring VLAN maps 47-24

confreg command 63-3

Connectivity Fault Management

See CFM

console configuration mode 2-5

console download63-4to 63-5

console port

disconnecting user sessions 7-7

monitoring user sessions 7-6

contact information

assigning for call home 59-4

controlling switch access with RADIUS 40-92

Control Plane Policing

and Layer 2 Control packet QoS, configuration example 44-14

configuration guidelines and restrictions 44-8

configuring for control plane traffic 44-4

configuring for data plane and management plan traffic 44-6

defaults 44-4

general guidelines 44-3

monitoring 44-9

understanding 44-2

control protocol, IP SLAs 60-4

convergence

REP 20-4

copy running-config startup-config command 3-10

copy system:running-config nvram:startup-config command 3-32

CoS

definition 37-4

figure 37-3

overriding on Cisco IP Phones 38-5

priority 38-5

CoS Mutation

configuring 37-36

CoS-to-DSCP maps 37-53

CoS value, configuring for an interface 37-49

counters

clearing MFIB 33-28

clearing on interfaces 6-31

CPU, impact of ACL processing 47-18

CPU port sniffing 51-10

crashfiles information, archiving 2-8

Critical Authentication

configure with 802.1X 40-60

crosscheck, CFM 57-5, 57-11

CST

description 18-25

IST and 18-22

MST and 18-22

customer edge devices 36-2

C-VLAN 1-2, 25-7

D

database agent

configuration examples 45-15

enabling the DHCP Snooping 45-13

daylight saving time 4-13

debug commands, ROM monitor 63-5

default configuration

802.1X 40-27

auto-QoS 37-57

banners 4-18

DNS 4-16

Ethernet OAM 57-35

IGMP filtering 23-20

IGMP snooping 24-5, 24-6

IP SLAs 60-7

IPv6 48-7

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 25-16

LLDP 27-4

MAC address table 4-21

multi-VRF CE 36-3

NTP 4-4

private VLANs 39-12

RADIUS 40-100

REP 20-7

resetting the interface 6-34

RMON 61-3

SNMP 54-5

SPAN and RSPAN 51-6

system message logging 52-3

TACACS+ 3-18

VLAN mapping 25-9

Y.1731 57-29

default gateway

configuring 3-11

verifying configuration 3-11

default settings, erase commad 3-32

default web-based authentication configuration

802.1X 42-6

denial-of-service attacks

IP address spoofing, mitigating 32-5

Unicast RPF, deploying 32-5

denying access to a server on another VLAN 47-31

deploying 10-Gigabit Ethernet and a Gigabit Ethernet SFP ports 6-12, 6-13

deploying 10-Gigabit Ethernet and a Gigabit Ethernet SFP ports on WS-X4606-10GE-E and Sup 6-E 6-13

description command 6-20

dev command 63-3

device discovery protocol 27-1

device IDs

call home format 59-21, 59-22

DHCP

configuring

rate limit for incoming packets 45-13

denial-of-service attacks, preventing 45-13

rate limiting of packets

configuring 45-13

DHCP-based autoconfiguration

client request message exchange 3-3

configuring

client side 3-3

DNS 3-5

relay device 3-5

server-side 3-4

TFTP server 3-4

example 3-7

lease options

for IP address information 3-4

for receiving the configuration file 3-4

overview 3-2

relationship to BOOTP 3-3

DHCP option 82

identifying a port with 34-4

overview 45-4

DHCP Snooping

enabling, and Option 82 45-10

DHCP snooping

accepting untrusted packets form edge switch 45-10

configuring 45-6

default configuration 45-7

displaying binding tables 45-19

displaying configuration 45-19

displaying information 45-18

enabling 45-7

enabling on private VLAN 45-12

enabling on the aggregation switch 45-9

enabling the database agent 45-13

message exchange process 45-4

monitoring 45-23

option 82 data insertion 45-4

overview 45-1

Snooping database agent 45-2

DHCP Snooping Database Agent

adding to the database (example) 45-18

enabling (example) 45-15

overview 45-2

reading from a TFTP file (example) 45-17

Diagnostics

online 62-1

Power-On-Self-Test

causes of failure 62-21

how it works 62-10

overview 62-10

Power-On-Self-Test for Supervisor Engine V-10GE 62-15

Differentiated Services Code Point values

See DSCP values

DiffServ architecture, QoS 37-2

Digital optical monitoring transceiver support 6-16

dir device command 63-3

disabled state

RSTP comparisons (table) 18-24

disabling

broadcast storm control 50-6

disabling multicast storm control 50-7

disconnect command 7-7

discovery, clusters

See automatic discovery

discovery, Ethernet OAM 57-34

display dection and removal events 11-7

displaying

Auth Manager sumary for an interface 40-114

MAB details 40-117

summary of all Auth manager sessions 40-114

summary of all Auth manager sessions on the switch authorized for a specified authentication method 40-115

displaying EtherChannel to a Virtual Switch System 22-16

displaying storm control 50-8

display PoE consumed by a module 11-8

display PoE detection and removal events 11-7

DNS

and DHCP-based autoconfiguration 3-5

default configuration 4-16

displaying the configuration 4-17

overview 4-15

setting up 4-16

domain names

DNS 4-15

Domain Name System

See DNS

double-tagged packets

802.1Q tunneling 25-2

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 25-15

downloading MIBs 65-3, 65-4

drop threshold for Layer 2 protocol packets 25-16

DSCP maps 37-53

DSCP-to-CoS maps

configuring 37-55

DSCP values

configuring maps 37-53

definition 37-4

IP precedence 37-3

mapping markdown 37-18

mapping to transmit queues 37-51

DSCP values, configuring port value 37-49

DTP

VLAN trunks and 15-3

duplex command 6-19

duplex mode

configuring interface 6-17

dynamic ARP inspection

ARP cache poisoning 46-2

configuring

ACLs for non-DHCP environments 46-11

in DHCP environments 46-5

log buffer 46-14

rate limit for incoming ARP packets 46-16

denial-of-service attacks, preventing 46-16

interface trust state, security coverage 46-3

log buffer

configuring 46-14

logging of dropped packets 46-4

overview 46-1

port channels, their behavior 46-5

priority of static bindings 46-4

purpose of 46-2

rate limiting of ARP packets 46-4

configuring 46-16

validation checks, performing 46-19

dynamic buffer limiting

globally 37-23

on specific CoS values 37-25

on specific IP DSCP values 37-24

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol snooping

See DHCP snooping

dynamic port VLAN membership

example 13-29

limit on hosts 13-29

reconfirming 13-26

troubleshooting 13-29

Dynamic Trunking Protocol

See DTP

E

EAP frames

changing retransmission time 40-82

exchanging (figure) 40-4, 40-6, 40-13

request/identity 40-4

response/identity 40-4

setting retransmission number 40-83

EAPOL frames

802.1X authentication and 40-3

OTP authentication, example (figure) 40-4, 40-13

start 40-4

edge ports

description 18-27

EGP

overview 1-13

EIGRP

configuration examples 30-19

monitoring and maintaining 30-19

EIGRP (Enhanced IGRP)

stub routing

benefits 30-17

configuration tasks 30-18

configuring 30-14

overview 30-14

restrictions 30-17

verifying 30-18

EIGRP (enhanced IGRP)

overview 1-14

eigrp stub command 30-18

EIGRP stub routing, configuring 30-13

ELIN location 27-3

e-mail addresses

assigning for call home 59-4

e-mail notifications

Call Home 1-19, 59-2

Embedded CiscoView

displaying information 4-39

installing and configuring 4-36

overview 4-36

emergency alarms on Sup Engine 6-E systems 10-3

enable command 3-9, 3-28

enable mode 2-5

enabling or disabling QOS on an interface 37-46

enabling SNMP 65-4, 65-5

encapsulation types 15-3

Energy Efficient Ethernet 10-22

Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol

See EIGRP

Enhanced PoE support on E-series 11-15

environmental conditions

Sup Engine 6-E 10-3

Sup Engines II-Plus to V-10GE 10-2

environmental monitoring

using CLI commands 10-1

EPM logging 40-117

EtherChannel

channel-group group command 22-8, 22-10

configuration guidelines 22-5

configuring22-6to 22-15

configuring Layer 2 22-10

configuring Layer 3 22-6

displaying to a virtual switch system 22-16

interface port-channel command 22-7

lacp system-priority

command example 22-13

modes 22-3

overview 22-2

PAgP

Understanding 22-3

physical interface configuration 22-7

port-channel interfaces 22-2

port-channel load-balance command 22-14

removing 22-15

removing interfaces 22-15

EtherChannel guard

disabling 21-7

enabling 21-6

overview 21-6

Ethernet management port

and routing 6-6

and routing protocols 6-6

configuring 6-10

default setting 6-6

described 1-21, 6-6

for network management 1-21, 6-6

specifying 6-10

supported features 6-9

unsupported features 6-10

Ethernet management port, internal

and routing protocols 6-6

Ethernet Management Port, using 6-6

Ethernet OAM 57-34

and CFM interaction 57-51

configuration guidelines 57-35

configuring with CFM 57-51

default configuration 57-35

discovery 57-34

enabling 57-36, 57-52

link monitoring 57-34, 57-38

messages 57-34

protocol

defined 57-33

monitoring 57-49

remote failure indications 57-34

remote loopback 57-34, 57-37

templates 57-45

Ethernet OAM protocol CFM notifications 57-51

Ethernet Remote Defect Indication (ETH-RDI) 57-28

event triggers, user-defined

configuring, 802.1X-based 17-7

configuring, MAC address-based 17-8

explicit host tracking

enabling 23-11

extended range VLANs

See VLANs

Extensible Authentication Protocol over LAN 40-2

Exterior Gateway Protocol

See EGP

F

Fa0 port

See Ethernet management port

Fallback Authentication

configure with 802.1X 40-73

FastDrop

overview 33-11

fastethernet0 port

See Ethernet management port

Fast UDLD

configuring probe message interval 28-8

default configuration 28-4

displaying link status 28-9

enabling globally 28-5

enabling on individual interface 28-7

enabling per-interface 28-6

modes of operation 28-3

resetting disabled LAN interfaces 28-8

use case 28-2

Fast UDLD, overview 28-1

FIB

description 31-2

See also MFIB

fiber-optics interfaces

disabling UDLD 28-7

Filter-ID ACL and Per-User ACL, configureport-based authentication

configure Per-User ACL and Filter-ID ACL 40-44

filtering

in a VLAN 47-25

non-IP traffic 47-20, 47-22

flags 33-12

Flash memory

configuring router to boot from 3-31

loading system images from 3-30

security precautions 3-31

Flex Links

configuration guidelines 19-6

configuring 19-6, 19-7

configuring preferred VLAN 19-9

configuring VLAN load balancing 19-8

monitoring 19-12

flooded traffic, blocking 49-2

flowchart, traffic marking procedure 37-72

flow control, configuring 6-20

For 11-13

forward-delay time (STP)

configuring 18-19

forwarding information base

See FIB

frame command 63-5

G

gateway

See default gateway

get-bulk-request operation 54-3

get-next-request operation 54-3, 54-4

get-request operation 54-3, 54-4

get-response operation 54-3

Gigabit Ethernet SFP ports

deploy with 10-Gigabit Ethernet 6-12, 6-13

global configuration mode 2-5

Guest-VLANs

configure with 802.1X 40-55

H

hardware and software ACL support 47-6

hardware switching 31-5

hello time (STP)

configuring 18-17

hierarchical policers, configuring 37-41

high CPU due to ACLs, troubleshooting 47-12

history

CLI 2-4

history table, level and number of syslog messages 52-9

hop counts

configuring MST bridges 18-28

host

limit on dynamic port 13-29

host ports

kinds of 39-4

host presence CDP message 40-8

Hot Standby Routing Protocol

See HSRP

HSRP

description 1-12

http

//www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/12_4/ip_sla/configuration/guide/hsla_c.html 60-1, 60-4, 60-6, 60-7

//www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/fundamentals/command reference/cf_book.html 52-1, 54-1, 61-1

hw-module module num power command 10-21

I

ICMP

enabling 7-12

ping 7-7

running IP traceroute 7-9

time exceeded messages 7-9

ICMP Echo operation

configuring 60-12

IP SLAs 60-11

i command 63-3

IDS

using with SPAN and RSPAN 51-2

IEEE 802.1ag 57-2

IEEE 802.1s

See MST

IEEE 802.1w

See MST

IEEE 802.3ad

See LACP

IEEE 802.3az Energy Efficient Ethernet 10-22

IGMP

configurable-leave timer 23-4

description 33-3

enabling 33-14

explicit host tracking 23-4

immediate-leave processing 23-3

leave processing, enabling 24-8

overview 23-1

report suppression

disabling 24-10

IGMP filtering

configuring 23-21

default configuration 23-20

described 23-20

monitoring 23-24

IGMP groups

setting the maximum number 23-23

IGMP Immediate Leave

configuration guidelines 23-9

IGMP profile

applying 23-22

configuration mode 23-21

configuring 23-21

IGMP Snooping

configure

leave timer 23-9

configuring

Learning Methods 23-7

static connection to a multicast router 23-8

configuring host statically 23-11

enabling

Immediate-Leave processing

explicit host tracking 23-11

suppressing multicast flooding 23-12

IGMP snooping

configuration guidelines 23-5

default configuration 24-5, 24-6

enabling

globally 23-6

on a VLAN 23-6

enabling and disabling 24-6

IP multicast and 33-4

monitoring 23-14, 24-11

overview 23-1

IGMP Snooping, displaying

group 23-16

hot membership 23-15

how to 23-15

MAC address entries 23-18

multicast router interfaces 23-17

on a VLAN interface 23-18

Querier information 23-19

IGMPSnooping Querier, configuring 23-10

Immediate Leave, IGMP

enabling 24-8

immediate-leave processing

enabling 23-8

IGMP

See fast-leave processing

ingress packets, SPAN enhancement 51-12

inline power

configuring on Cisco IP phones 38-5

insufficient inline power handling for Supervisor Engine II-TS 10-19

Intelligent Power Management 11-4

interacting with Baby Giants 6-26

interface command 3-9, 6-2

interface configuration

REP 20-10

interface link and trunk status events

configuring 6-32

interface port-channel command 22-7

interface range command 6-4

interface range macro command 6-10

interfaces

adding descriptive name 6-20

clearing counters 6-31

configuring 6-2

configuring ranges 6-4

displaying information about 6-30

Layer 2 modes 15-4

maintaining 6-30

monitoring 6-30

naming 6-20

numbers 6-2

overview 6-2

restarting 6-31, 6-32

See also Layer 2 interfaces

using the Ethernet Management Port 6-6

Internet Control Message Protocol

See ICMP

Internet Group Management Protocol

See IGMP

Internet Protocol version 6

See IPv6

Inter-Switch Link encapsulation

See ISL encapsulation

Intrusion Detection System

See IDS

inventory management TLV 27-3, 27-8

IOS shell

See Auto SmartPorts macros

IP

configuring default gateway 3-11

configuring static routes 3-11

displaying statistics 31-8

flow switching cache 56-9

IP addresses

128-bit 48-2

cluster candidate or member 12-12

cluster command switch 12-11

discovering 4-35

IPv6 48-2

ip cef command 31-6, 62-2

IP Enhanced IGRP

interfaces, displaying 30-19

ip flow-aggregation cache destination-prefix command 56-11

ip flow-aggregation cache prefix command 56-11

ip flow-aggregation cache source-prefix command 56-12

ip flow-export command 56-9

ip icmp rate-limit unreachable command 7-12

ip igmp profile command 23-21

ip igmp snooping tcn flood command 23-13

ip igmp snooping tcn flood query count command 23-14

ip igmp snooping tcn query solicit command 23-14

IP information

assigned

through DHCP-based autoconfiguration 3-2

ip load-sharing per-destination command 31-7

ip local policy route-map command 35-8

ip mask-reply command 7-13

IP MTU sizes,configuring 30-9

IP multicast

clearing table entries 33-28

configuring 33-13

default configuration 33-13

displaying PIM information 33-23

displaying the routing table information 33-23

enabling dense-mode PIM 33-15

enabling sparse-mode 33-15

features not supported 33-13

hardware forwarding 33-9

IGMP snooping and 23-5, 33-4

overview 33-1

routing protocols 33-2

software forwarding 33-9

See also Auto-RP; IGMP; PIM; RP; RPF

IP multicast routing

enabling 33-14

monitoring and maintaining 33-23

ip multicast-routing command 33-14

IP multicast traffic, load splitting 33-22

IP phones

automatic classification and queueing 37-57

configuring voice ports 38-3

See Cisco IP Phones 38-1

trusted boundary for QoS 37-21

ip pim command 33-15

ip pim dense-mode command 33-15

ip pim sparse-dense-mode command 33-16

ip policy route-map command 35-7

IP Port Security for Static Hosts

on a Layer 2 access port 45-25

on a PVLAN host port 45-28

overview 45-24

ip redirects command 7-13

ip route-cache flow command 56-7

IP routing tables

deleting entries 33-28

IP Service Level Agreements

See IP SLAs

IP service levels, analyzing 60-1

IP SLAs

benefits 60-3

CFM endpoint discovery 57-21

Control Protocol 60-4

default configuration 60-7

definition 60-1

ICMP echo operation 60-11

manually configuring CFM ping or jitter 57-19

measuring network performance 60-3

multioperations scheduling 60-6

operation 60-4

responder

described 60-4

enabling 60-8

response time 60-5

scheduling 60-6

SNMP support 60-3

supported metrics 60-3

threshold monitoring 60-6

UDP jitter operation 60-9

IP Source Guard

configuring 45-20

configuring on private VLANs 45-22

displaying 45-22, 45-23

overview 45-23

IP statistics

displaying 31-8

IP traceroute

executing 7-9

overview 7-8

IP unicast

displaying statistics 31-8

IP Unnumbered support

configuring on a range of Ethernet VLANs 14-5

configuring on LAN and VLAN interfaces 14-4

configuring with connected host polling 14-5

DHCP Option 82 14-2

displaying settings 14-6

format of agent remote ID suboptions 14-2

troubleshooting 14-7

with conected host polling 14-3

with DHCP server and Relay agent 14-2

ip unreachables command 7-12

IPv4, IPv6, and MAC ACLs, configuring on a Layer 2 interface 47-38

IPv6

addresses 48-2

default configuration 48-7

defined 1-15, 48-1

Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP) IPv6 48-6

Router ID 48-6

OSPF 48-6

IPv6 control traffic, policing 44-17

IPX

redistribution of route information with EIGRP 1-14

is 25-19

ISL

encapsulation 15-3

trunking with 802.1Q tunneling 25-4

isolated port 39-4

isolated VLANs 39-2, 39-3, 39-4

ISSU

compatibility matrix 5-14

compatiblity verification using Cisco Feature Navigator 5-15

NSF overview 5-3

perform the process

aborting a software upgrade 5-31

configuring the rollback timer as a safeguard 5-32

displaying a compatibility matrix 5-34, 5-37

loading the new software on the new standby 5-24

stopping the rollback timer 5-23

switching to the standby 5-21

verify the ISSU state 5-17

verify the redundancy mode 5-16

verify the software installation 5-16

vload the new software on standby 5-18

prerequisites 5-2

process overview 5-6

restrictions 5-2

SNMP support 5-15

SSO overview 5-3

versioning capability in software to support 5-13

IST

and MST regions 18-22

description 18-22

master 18-27

ITU-T Y.1731

See Y.1731

J

jumbo frames

and ethernet ports 6-24

configuring MTU sizes for 6-25

ports and linecards that support 6-23

understanding MTUs 6-23

understanding support 6-23

VLAN interfaces 6-25

K

keyboard shortcuts 2-3

L

l2protocol-tunnel command 25-17

labels, definition 37-4

LACP

system ID 22-4

Layer 2 access ports 15-8

Layer 2 Control Packet QoS

and CoPP configuration example 44-14

default configuation 44-11

disabling 44-13

enabvling 44-12

guideline and restrictions 44-16

understanding 44-11

Layer 2 frames

classification with CoS 37-2

Layer 2 interface

applying ACLs 47-40

configuring access-mode mode on 47-39

configuring IPv4, IPv6, and MAC ACLs 47-38

displaying an ACL configuration 47-40

Layer 2 interfaces

assigning VLANs 13-7

configuring 15-5

configuring as PVLAN host ports 39-18

configuring as PVLAN promiscuous ports 39-17

configuring as PVLAN trunk ports 39-19

defaults 15-5

disabling configuration 15-9

modes 15-4

show interfaces command 15-7

Layer 2 interface type

resetting 39-24

setting 39-24

Layer 2 protocol tunneling

default configuration 25-16

guidelines 25-16

Layer 2 switching

overview 15-1

Layer 2 Traceroute

and ARP 7-10

and CDP 7-10

host-to-host paths 7-9

IP addresses and subnets 7-10

MAC addresses and VLANs 7-10

multicast traffic 7-10

multiple devices on a port 7-10

unicast traffic 1-30, 7-9

usage guidelines 7-10

Layer 2 trunks

configuring 15-6

overview 15-3

Layer 3 interface, applying IPv6 ACLs 47-24

Layer 3 interface counters,configuring 30-10

Layer 3 interface counters,understanding 30-3

Layer 3 interfaces

changing from Layer 2 mode 36-7

configuration guidelines 30-5

configuring VLANs as interfaces 30-7

overview 30-1

counters 30-3

logical 30-2

physical 30-2

SVI autostate exclude 30-3

Layer 3 packets

classification methods 37-3

Layer 4 port operations

configuration guidelines 47-17

restrictions 47-16

Leave timer, enabling 23-9

limitations on using a TwinGig Convertor 6-14

link and trunk status events

configuring interface 6-32

link integrity, verifying with REP 20-4

Link Layer Discovery Protocol

See CDP

link monitoring, Ethernet OAM 57-34, 57-38

link-state tracking

configuration guidelines 22-21

default configuration 22-21

described 22-18

displaying status 22-22

generic configuration procedure 22-21

link status, displaying UDLD 28-9

listening state (STP)

RSTP comparisons (table) 18-24

LLDP

configuring 27-4

characteristics 27-5

default configuration 27-4

disabling and enabling

globally 27-6

on an interface 27-7

monitoring and maintaining 27-13

overview 27-1

transmission timer and holdtime, setting 27-5

LLDP-MED

configuring

procedures 27-4

TLVs 27-8, 27-10

monitoring and maintaining 27-13

overview 27-1

supported TLVs 27-2

LLDP Media Endpoint Discovery

See LLDP-MED

load balancing

configuring for CEF 31-7

configuring for EtherChannel 22-14

overview 22-5, 31-6

per-destination 31-7

load splitting IP multicast traffic 33-22

Location Service

overview 27-1

location service

configuring 27-11

understanding 27-3

location TLV 27-3, 27-8

logging, EPM 40-117

Logical Layer 3 interfaces

configuring 30-6

logical layer 3 VLAN interfaces 30-2

login authentication

with RADIUS 40-103

with TACACS+ 3-19

login banners 4-17

login timer

changing 7-6

logoutwarning command 7-6

loop guard

and MST 18-23

configuring 21-5

overview 21-3

M

MAC/PHY configuration status TLV 27-2

MAC addresses

aging time 4-21

allocating 18-6

and VLAN association 4-20

building tables 4-20, 15-2

convert dynamic to sticky secure 43-5

default configuration 4-21

disabling learning on a VLAN 4-30

discovering 4-35

displaying 7-3

displaying in DHCP snooping binding table 45-19

dynamic

learning 4-20

removing 4-22

in ACLs 47-20

static

adding 4-28

allowing 4-29

characteristics of 4-27

dropping 4-29

removing 4-28

sticky 43-4

sticky secure, adding 43-5

MAC address learning, disabling on a VLAN 4-30

confuguring 4-30

deployment scenarios 4-31

feature compatibility 4-33

feature incompatibility 4-34

feature inompatibility 4-34

usage guidelines 4-31

MAC address table

displaying 4-35

MAC address-table move update

configuration guidelines 19-10

configuring 19-10

monitoring 19-12

MAC Authentication Bypass

configure with 802.1X 40-58

MAC details, displaying 40-117

MAC extended access lists 47-20

macros

See Auto SmartPorts macros

See Auto Smartports macros

See Smartports macros

main-cpu command 8-8

management address TLV 27-2

management options

SNMP 54-1

Management Port, Ethernet 6-6

manual preemption, REP, configuring 20-13

mapping

DSCP markdown values 37-18

DSCP values to transmit queues 37-51

mapping tables

configuring DSCP 37-53

described 37-14

marking

hardware capabilities 37-73

marking action drivers 37-71

marking network traffic 37-69

marking support, multi-attribute 37-73

mask destination command 56-11

mask source command 56-11, 56-12

Match CoS for non-IPV4 traffic

configuring 37-31

match ip address command 35-6

maximum aging time (STP)

configuring 18-18

MDA

configuration guidelines40-23to ??

described 40-22

members

automatic discovery 12-7

member switch

managing 12-13

member switch, cluster

defined 12-2

meminfo command 63-5

messages, Ethernet OAM 57-34

messages, to users through banners 4-17

Metro features

Ethernet CFM, introduction 1-3

Ethernet OAM Protocol, introduction 1-3

Flex Link and MAC Address-Table Move Update, introduction 1-4

Y.1731 (AIS and RDI), introduction 1-10

metro tags 25-2

MFIB

CEF 33-5

overview 33-12

MFIB, IP

displaying 33-26

MIBs

compiling 65-4

downloading 65-3, 65-4

overview 54-1

related information 65-3

SNMP interaction with 54-4

MLD Done messages and Immediate-leave 24-4

MLD messages 24-2

MLD queries 24-3

MLD reports 24-4

MLD Snooping

MLD Done messages and Immediate-leave 24-4

MLD messages 24-2

MLD queries 24-3

MLD reports 24-4

Multicast client aging robustness 24-3

Multicast router discovery 24-3

overview 24-1

Mode of capturing control packets, selecting 47-13

modules

checking status 7-1

powering down 10-21

monitoring

802.1Q tunneling 25-19

ACL information 47-43

Ethernet CFM 57-32, 57-33

Ethernet OAM 57-49

Ethernet OAM protocol 57-49

Flex Links 19-12

IGMP

snooping 24-11

IGMP filters 23-24

IGMP snooping 23-14

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 25-19

MAC address-table move update 19-12

multicast router interfaces 24-11

multi-VRF CE 36-17

REP 20-14

traffic flowing among switches 61-1

tunneling 25-19

VLAN filters 47-32

VLAN maps 47-32

M-record 18-23

MST

and multiple spanning trees 1-6, 18-22

boundary ports 18-27

BPDUs 18-23

configuration parameters 18-26

configuring 18-29

displaying configurations 18-33

edge ports 18-27

enabling 18-29

hop count 18-28

instances

configuring parameters 18-32

description 18-23

number supported 18-26

interoperability with PVST+ 18-23

link type 18-28

master 18-27

message age 18-28

regions 18-26

restrictions 18-29

to-SST interoperability 18-24

MSTP

EtherChannel guard

enabling 21-6

M-record 18-23

M-tree 18-23

M-tree 18-23

MTUS

understanding 6-23

MTU size

configuring 6-25, 6-26, 6-33

default 13-5

Multi-authentication

described 40-22

multiauthentication mode 40-8

multicast

See IP multicast

Multicast client aging robustness 24-3

multicast Ethernet loopback (ETH-LB) 57-29

multicast Ethernet loopback, using 57-31

multicast groups

static joins 24-7

multicast packets

blocking 49-2

Multicast router discovery 24-3

multicast router interfaces, displaying 23-17

multicast router interfaces, monitoring 24-11

multicast router ports, adding 24-7

multicast routers

flood suppression 23-12

multicast router table

displaying 33-23

Multicast Storm Control

enabling 50-4

disabling 50-7

suppression on Sup 6-E 50-5

suppression on WS-X4014 50-5

suppression on WS-X4016 50-6

WS-X4515, WS-X4014, and WS-X4013+ Sup Engs 50-5

WS-X4516 Sup Eng 50-6

multidomain authentication

See MDA

multidomain authentication mode 40-7

multioperations scheduling, IP SLAs 60-6

Multiple AuthorizationAuthentication

configuring 40-34

Multiple Domain Authentication 40-34

multiple forwarding paths 1-6, 18-22

multiple-hosts mode 40-7

Multiple Spanning Tree

See MST

multiple VPN routing/forwarding

See multi-VRF CE

multi-VRF CE

components 36-3

configuration example 36-13

default configuration 36-3

defined 36-1

displaying 36-17

monitoring 36-17

network components 36-3

packet-forwarding process 36-3

N

named aggregate policers, creating 37-26

named IPv6 ACLs, configuring

ACLs

configuring named IPv6 ACLs 47-23

named MAC extended ACLs

ACLs

configuring named MAC extended 47-20, 47-22

native VLAN

and 802.1Q tunneling 25-4

specifying 15-6

NEAT

configuring 40-85

overview 40-24

neighbor offset numbers, REP 20-5

NetFlow

aggregation

minimum mask,default value 56-11

destination-prefix aggregation

configuration (example) 56-16

minimum mask, configuring 56-11

IP

flow switching cache 56-9

prefix aggregation

configuration (example) 56-14

minimum mask, configuring 56-11

source-prefix aggregation

minimum mask, configuring 56-11

switching

checking for required hardware 56-6

configuration (example) 56-13

configuring switched IP flows 56-8

enabling Collection 56-7

exporting cache entries 56-9

statistics 56-9

NetFlow-lite

clear commands 55-9

display commands 55-8

NetFlow packet sampling

about 55-2

NetFlow statistics

caveats on supervisor 56-6

checking for required hardware 56-6

configuring collection 56-6

enabling Collection 56-7

exporting cache entries 56-9

overview of collection 56-2

switched/bridged IP flows 56-8

Network Assistant

and VTY 12-12

configure

enable communication with switch 12-13, 12-17

default configuration 12-3

overview of CLI commands 12-3

Network Edge Access Topology

See NEAT

network fault tolerance 1-6, 18-22

network management

configuring 26-1

RMON 61-1

SNMP 54-1

network performance, measuring with IP SLAs 60-3

network policy TLV 27-2, 27-8

Network Time Protocol

See NTP

network traffic, marking 37-69

New Software Features in Release 7.7

TDR 7-3

Next Hop Resolution Protocol

See NHRP

NHRP

support 1-14

non-fiber-optics interfaces

disabling UDLD 28-7

non-IP traffic filtering 47-20, 47-22

non-RPF traffic

description 33-10

in redundant configurations (figure) 33-11

Nonstop Forwarding

See NSF

nonvolatile random-access memory

See NVRAM

normal-range VLANs

See VLANs

NSF

defined 9-1

guidelines and restrictions 9-9

operation 9-5

NSF-aware

supervisor engines 9-3

support 9-2

NSF-capable

supervisor engines 9-3

support 9-2

NSF with SSO supervisor engine redundancy

and CEF 9-5

overview 9-4

SSO operation 9-4

NTP

associations

authenticating 4-4

defined 4-2

enabling broadcast messages 4-7

peer 4-6

server 4-6

default configuration 4-4

displaying the configuration 4-11

overview 4-2

restricting access

creating an access group 4-9

disabling NTP services per interface 4-10

source IP address, configuring 4-10

stratum 4-2

synchronizing devices 4-6

time

services 4-2

synchronizing 4-2

NVRAM

saving settings 3-10

O

OAM

client 57-34

features 57-34

sublayer 57-34

OAM manager

configuring 57-52

with CFM and Ethernet OAM 57-51

OAM PDUs 57-35

OAM protocol data units 57-33

OIR

overview 6-30

on-demaind online diagnostics 62-2

online diagnostic

troubleshooting 62-8

Online Diagnostics 62-1

online diagnostics

configuring on-demaind 62-2

data path, displaying test results 62-7

displaying tests and test results 62-4

linecard 62-8

scheduling 62-2

starting and stopping tests 62-3

online insertion and removal

See OIR

Open Shortest Path First

See OSPF

operating system images

See system images

Option 82

enabling DHCP Snooping 45-10

OSPF

area concept 1-15

description 1-14

for IPv6 48-6

P

packets

modifying 37-16

software processed

and QoS 37-16

packet type filtering

overview 51-15

SPAN enhancement 51-15

PACL

using with access-group mode 47-39

PACL configuration guidelines 47-36

PACL with VLAN maps and router ACLs 47-41

PAgP

understanding 22-3

passwords

configuring enable password 3-14

configuring enable secret password 3-14

encrypting 3-22

in clusters 12-8

recovering lost enable password 3-25

setting line password 3-14

PBR (policy-based routing)

configuration (example) 35-8

enabling 35-6

features 35-2

overview 35-1

route-map processing logic 35-3

route-map processing logic example 35-4

route maps 35-2

per-port and VLAN Access Control List 45-19

per-port per-VLAN QoS

enabling 37-43

overview 37-16

Per-User ACL and Filter-ID ACL, configure 40-44

Per-VLAN Rapid Spanning Tree 18-6

enabling 18-20

overview 18-6

PE to CE routing, configuring 36-12

physical layer 3 interfaces 30-2

Physical Layer 3 interfaces, configuring 30-12

PIM

configuring dense mode 33-15

configuring sparse mode 33-15

displaying information 33-23

displaying statistics 33-27

enabling sparse-dense mode 33-15, 33-16

overview 33-3

PIM-DM 33-3

PIM on an interface, enabling 33-14

PIM-SM 33-4

PIM-SSM mapping, enabling 33-17

ping

executing 7-8

overview 7-7

ping command 7-8, 33-23

PoE 11-7, 11-8

configuring power consumption for single device 11-5

Enhanced PoE support on E-series 11-15

policing and monitoring 11-12

power consumption for powered devices

Intelligent Power Management 11-4

powering down a module 10-21

power management modes 11-3

PoE policing

configuring errdisable recovery 11-14

configuring on an interface 11-13

displaying on an interface 11-14

power modes 11-12

point-to-point

in 802.1X authentication (figure) 40-3

police command 37-33

policed-DSCP map 37-54

policers

description 37-6

types of 37-10

policies

See QoS policies

policing

how to implement 37-68

See QoS policing

policing, PoE 11-12

policing IPv6 control traffic 44-17

policy associations, QoS on Sup 6-E 37-85

policy-map command 37-29, 37-31

policy map marking action, configuring 37-73

policy maps

attaching to interfaces 37-35

configuring 37-31

port ACLs

and voice VLAN 47-5

defined 47-3

Port Aggregation Protocol

see PAgP

port-based authentication

802.1X with voice VLAN 40-22

Authentication Failed VLAN assignment 40-17

authentication server

defined 42-2

changing the quiet period 40-81

client, defined 40-3, 42-2

configuration guidelines 40-28, 42-6

configure ACL assignments and redirect URLs 40-38

configure switch-to-RADIUS server communication 40-32

configure with Authentication Failed 40-68

configure with Critical Authentication 40-60

configure with Guest-VLANs 40-55

configure with MAC Authentication Bypass 40-58

configure with VLAN User Distribution 40-65

configure with Voice VLAN 40-70

configuring

Multiple Domain Authentication and Multiple Authorization 40-34

RADIUS server 42-10

RADIUS server parameters on the switch 42-9

configuring Fallback Authentication 40-73

configuring Guest-VLAN 40-32

configuring manual re-authentication of a client 40-91

configuring with Unidirectional Controlled Port 40-63

controlling authorization state 40-5

default configuration 40-27, 42-6

described 40-1

device roles 40-2, 42-2

displaying statistics 40-113, 42-14

enabling 40-28

802.1X authentication 42-9

enabling multiple hosts 40-80

enabling periodic re-authentication 40-78

encapsulation 40-3

host mode 40-6

how 802.1X fails on a port 40-25

initiation and message exchange 40-4

method lists 40-28

modes 40-6

multidomain authentication 40-22

multiple-hosts mode, described 40-7

port security

multiple-hosts mode 40-7

ports not supported 40-5

pre-authentication open access 40-8

resetting to default values 40-92

setting retransmission number 40-83

setting retransmission time 40-82

switch

as proxy 42-2

switch supplicant

configuring 40-85

overview 40-24

topologies, supported 40-25

using with ACL assignments and redirect URLs 40-20

using with port security 40-19

with Critical Authentication 40-14

with Guest VLANs 40-11

with MAC Authentication Bypass 40-12

with Unidirectional Controlled Port 40-15

with VLAN assignment 40-10

with VLAN User Distribution 40-16

port-based QoS features

See QoS

port-channel interfaces

See also EtherChannel

creating 22-7

overview 22-2

port-channel load-balance

command 22-13

command example 22-13

port-channel load-balance command 22-14

port cost (STP)

configuring 18-15

port description TLV 27-2

PortFast

and MST 18-23

BPDU filter, configuring 21-10

configuring or enabling 21-16

overview 21-7

PortFast BPDU filtering

and MST 18-23

enabling 21-10

overview 21-9

port numbering with TwinGig Convertors 6-13

port priority

configuring MST instances 18-32

configuring STP 18-13

ports

blocking 49-1

checking status 7-2

dynamic VLAN membership

example 13-29

reconfirming 13-26

forwarding, resuming 49-3

REP 20-6

See also interfaces

port security

aging 43-5

and QoS trusted boundary 37-21

configuring 43-7

displaying 43-28

guidelines and restrictions 43-33

on access ports 43-7, 43-22

on private VLAN 43-14

host 43-14

over Layer 2 EtherChannel 43-33

promiscuous 43-16

topology 43-15, 43-18, 43-33

on trunk port 43-17

guidelines and restrictions 43-15, 43-18, 43-33

port mode changes 43-22

on voice ports 43-22

sticky learning 43-5

using with 802.1X 40-19

violations 43-6

with 802.1X Authentication 43-32

with DHCP and IP Source Guard 43-31

with other features 43-33

port states

description 18-5

port trust state

See trust states

port VLAN ID TLV 27-2

power

inline 38-5

power dc input command 10-18

power handling for Supervisor Engine II-TS 11-12

power inline command 11-3

power inline consumption command 11-5

power management

Catalyst 4500 series 10-6

Catalyst 4500 Switch power supplies 10-13

Catalyst 4948 series 10-21

configuring combined mode 10-12

configuring redundant mode 10-11

overview 10-1

redundancy 10-6

power management for Catalyst 4500 Switch

combined mode 10-8

redundant mode 10-8

power management limitations in Catalyst 4500 Switch 10-9

power management mode

selecting 10-8

power management TLV 27-2, 27-8

power negotiation

through LLDP 27-10

Power-On-Self-Test diagnostics 62-10, 62-21

Power-On-Self-Test for Supervisor Engine V-10GE 62-15

power redundancy-mode command 10-12

power supplies

available power for Catalyst 4500 Switch 10-13

fixed 10-7

variable 10-7, 10-21

pre-authentication open access 40-8

pre-authentication open access. See port-based authentication.

preempt delay time, REP 20-5

primary edge port, REP 20-4

primary VLANs 39-2, 39-4

associating with secondary VLANs 39-16

configuring as a PVLAN 39-15

priority

overriding CoS of incoming frames 38-5

priority queuing, QoS on Sup 6-E 37-80

private VLAN

configure port security 43-14, 43-15

enabling DHCP Snooping 45-12

private VLANs

across multiple switches 39-5

and SVIs 39-10

benefits of 39-2

community ports 39-3

community VLANs 39-2, 39-3

default configuration 39-12

end station access to 39-3

isolated port 39-4

isolated VLANs 39-2, 39-3, 39-4

ports

community 39-3

isolated 39-4

promiscuous 39-4

primary VLANs 39-2, 39-4

promiscuous ports 39-4

secondary VLANs 39-2

subdomains 39-2

traffic in 39-9

privileged EXEC mode 2-5

privileges

changing default 3-23

configuring levels 3-23

exiting 3-24

logging in 3-24

promiscuous ports

configuring PVLAN 39-17

defined 39-4

setting mode 39-24

protocol timers 18-4

provider edge devices 36-2

pruning, VTP

See VTP pruning

pseudobridges

description 18-25

PVACL 45-19

PVID (port VLAN ID)

and 802.1X with voice VLAN ports 40-22

PVLAN promiscuous trunk port

configuring 39-11, 39-17, 39-21

PVLANs

802.1q support 39-14

across multiple switches 39-5

configuration guidelines 39-12

configure port security 43-14, 43-16, 43-18

configure port security in a wireless setting 43-33

configure port security over Layer 2 EtherChannel 43-33

configuring 39-11

configuring a VLAN 39-15

configuring promiscuous ports 39-17

host ports

configuring a Layer 2 interface 39-18

setting 39-24

overview 39-1

permitting routing, example 39-23

promiscuous mode

setting 39-24

setting

interface mode 39-24

Q

QoS

allocating bandwidth 37-51

and software processed packets 37-16

auto-QoS

configuration and defaults display 37-60

configuration guidelines 37-58

described 37-56

displaying 37-60

effects on NVRAM configuration 37-58

enabling for VoIP 37-59

basic model 37-6

burst size 37-27

classification37-6to 37-10

configuration guidelines 37-19

auto-QoS 37-58

configuring

auto-QoS 37-56

DSCP maps 37-53

dynamic buffer limiting 37-22

traffic shaping 37-52

trusted boundary 37-21

configuring UBRL 37-37

configuring VLAN-based on Layer 2 interfaces 37-46

creating named aggregate policers 37-26

creating policing rules 37-28

default auto configuration 37-57

default configuration 37-18

definitions 37-4

disabling on interfaces 37-35

enabling and disabling 37-46

enabling hierarchical policers 37-41

enabling on interfaces 37-35

enabling per-port per-VLAN 37-43

flowcharts 37-8, 37-12

IP phones

automatic classification and queueing 37-57

detection and trusted settings 37-21, 37-57

overview 37-2

overview of per-port per-VLAN 37-16

packet modification 37-16

port-based 37-46

priority 37-15

traffic shaping 37-16

transmit rate 37-52

trust states

trusted device 37-21

VLAN-based 37-46

See also COS; DSCP values; transmit queues

QoS active queue management

tracking queue length 37-14

QoS labels

definition 37-4

QoS mapping tables

CoS-to-DSCP 37-53

DSCP-to-CoS 37-55

policed-DSCP 37-54

types 37-14

QoS marking

description 37-5

QoS on Sup 6-E

Active Queue management via DBL 37-84

active queue management via DBL 37-78, 37-84

classification 37-66

configuring 37-63

configuring CoS mutation 37-88

configuring the policy map marking action 37-73

hardware capabilities for marking 37-73

how to implement policing 37-68

marking action drivers 37-71

marking network traffic 37-69

MQC-based QoS configuration 37-63

multi-attribute marking support 37-73

platform hardware capabilities 37-66

platform restrictions 37-68

platform-supported classification criteria and QoS features 37-63, 37-65

policing 37-67

policy associations 37-85

prerequisites for applying a service policy 37-66

priority queuing 37-80

queue-limiting 37-82

restrictions for applying a service policy 37-66

shaping 37-76

sharing(bandwidth) 37-78

sharing(blandwidth), shapring, and priority queuing 37-75

software QoS 37-87

traffic marking procedure flowchart 37-72

QoS policers

burst size 37-27

types of 37-10

QoS policing

definition 37-5

described 37-6, 37-10

QoS policy

attaching to interfaces 37-11

overview of configuration 37-28

QoS service policy

prerequisites 37-66

restrictions for applying 37-66

QoS transmit queues

allocating bandwidth 37-51

burst 37-16

configuring traffic shaping 37-52

mapping DHCP values to 37-51

maximum rate 37-16

overview 37-14

sharing link bandwidth 37-15

QoS transmit queues, configuring 37-50

Quality of service

See QoS

queueing 37-6, 37-14

queue-limiting, QoS on Sup 6-E 37-82

R

RADIUS

attributes

vendor-proprietary 40-111

vendor-specific 40-109

change of authorization 40-94

configuring

accounting 40-108

authentication 40-103

authorization 40-107

communication, global 40-101, 40-109

communication, per-server 40-100, 40-101

multiple UDP ports 40-101

default configuration 40-100

defining AAA server groups 40-105

displaying the configuration 40-113

identifying the server 40-100

limiting the services to the user 40-107

method list, defined 40-100

operation of 40-94

server load balancing 40-113

suggested network environments 40-93

tracking services accessed by user 40-108

understanding 40-93

RADIUS, controlling switch access with 40-92

RADIUS Change of Authorization 40-94

RADIUS server

configure to-Switch communication 40-32

configuring settings 40-34

parameters on the switch 40-32

RA Guard

configuring 47-45

deployment 47-44

examples 47-45

introduction 47-43

usage guidelines 47-46

range command 6-4

range macros

defining 6-10

ranges of interfaces

configuring 6-4

Rapid Spanning Tree

See RSTP

rcommand command 12-13

re-authentication of a client

configuring manual 40-91

enabling periodic 40-78

redirect URLs, port-based authentication 40-20

reduced MAC address 18-2

redundancy

configuring 8-8

guidelines and restrictions 8-5

changes made through SNMP 8-12

NSF-aware support 9-2

NSF-capable support 9-2

overview 8-2

redundancy command 8-8

understanding synchronization 8-4

redundancy (NSF) 9-1

configuring

BGP 9-12

CEF 9-11

EIGRP 9-17

IS-IS 9-14

OSPF 9-13

routing protocols 9-5

redundancy (RPR)

route processor redundancy 8-3

synchronization 8-5

redundancy (SSO)

redundancy command 9-10

route processor redundancy 8-3

synchronization 8-5

reload command 3-28, 3-29

Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service

See RADIUS

remote failure indications 57-34

remote loopback, Ethernet OAM 57-34, 57-37

Remote Network Monitoring

See RMON

rendezvous point, configuring 33-17

rendezvous point, configuring single static 33-20

REP

administrative VLAN 20-8

administrative VLAN, configuring 20-9

and STP 20-6

configuration guidelines 20-7

configuring interfaces 20-10

convergence 20-4

default configuration 20-7

manual preemption, configuring 20-13

monitoring 20-14

neighbor offset numbers 20-5

open segment 20-2

ports 20-6

preempt delay time 20-5

primary edge port 20-4

ring segment 20-2

secondary edge port 20-4

segments 20-1

characteristics 20-2

SNMP traps, configuring 20-14

supported interfaces 20-1

triggering VLAN load balancing 20-6

verifying link integrity 20-4

VLAN blocking 20-13

VLAN load balancing 20-4

replication

description 33-9

report suppression, IGMP

disabling 24-10

reserved-range VLANs

See VLANs

reset command 63-3

resetting an interface to default configuration 6-34

resetting a switch to defaults 3-32

Resilient Ethernet ProtocolLSee REP

responder, IP SLAs

described 60-4

enabling 60-8

response time, measuring with IP SLAs 60-5

restricting access

NTP services 4-8

RADIUS 40-92

TACACS+ 3-15

retransmission number

setting in 802.1X authentication 40-83

retransmission time

changing in 802.1X authentication 40-82

RFC

1157, SNMPv1 54-2

1305, NTP 4-2

1757, RMON 61-2

1901, SNMPv2C 54-2

1902 to 1907, SNMPv2 54-2

2273-2275, SNMPv3 54-2

RFC 5176 Compliance 40-95

RIP

description 1-15

for IPv6 48-5

RMON

default configuration 61-3

displaying status 61-6

enabling alarms and events 61-3

groups supported 61-2

overview 61-1

ROM monitor

boot process and 3-26

CLI 2-7

commands63-2to 63-3

debug commands 63-5

entering 63-1

exiting 63-6

overview 63-1

root bridge

configuring 18-10

selecting in MST 18-22

root guard

and MST 18-23

enabling 21-2

overview 21-2

routed packets

ACLs 47-34

route-map (IP) command 35-6

route maps

defining 35-6

PBR 35-2

router ACLs

description 47-3

using with VLAN maps 47-32

router ACLs, using PACL with VLAN maps 47-41

route targets

VPN 36-3

Routing Information Protocol

See RIP

RPF

<Emphasis>See Unicast RPF

RSPAN

configuration guidelines 51-16

destination ports 51-5

IDS 51-2

monitored ports 51-4

monitoring ports 51-5

received traffic 51-3

sessions

creating 51-17

defined 51-3

limiting source traffic to specific VLANs 51-23

monitoring VLANs 51-22

removing source (monitored) ports 51-21

specifying monitored ports 51-17

source ports 51-4

transmitted traffic 51-4

VLAN-based 51-5

RSTP

compatibility 18-23

description 18-22

port roles 18-24

port states 18-24

S

SAID

See 802.10 SAID

scheduling 37-14

defined 37-5

overview 37-6

scheduling, IP SLAs operations 60-6

secondary edge port, REP 20-4

secondary root switch 18-12

secondary VLANs 39-2

associating with primary 39-16

permitting routing 39-23

security

configuring 44-1

Security Association Identifier

See 802.10 SAID

selecting a power management mode 10-8

selecting X2/TwinGig Convertor Mode 6-14

sequence numbers in log messages 52-7

server IDs

description 59-23

service policy, configure class-level queue-limit 37-82

service-policy command 37-29

service-policy input command 29-2, 37-35

service-provider networks

and customer VLANs 25-2

set default interface command 35-7

set interface command 35-7

set ip default next-hop command 35-7

set ip next-hop command 35-6

set-request operation 54-4

severity levels, defining in system messages 52-8

shaping, QoS on Sup 6-E 37-76

sharing(bandwidth), QoS on Sup 6-E 37-78

Shell functions

See Auto SmartPorts macros

See Auto Smartports macros

Shell triggers

See Auto SmartPorts macros

See Auto Smartports macros

show adjacency command 31-9

show boot command 3-32

show catalyst4000 chassis-mac-address command 18-3

show cdp command 26-2, 26-3

show cdp entry command 26-4

show cdp interface command 26-3

show cdp neighbors command 26-4

show cdp traffic command 26-4

show ciscoview package command 4-39

show ciscoview version command 4-39

show cluster members command 12-13

show configuration command 6-20

show debugging command 26-4

show environment command 10-2

show history command 2-4

show interfaces command 6-25, 6-26, 6-31, 6-33

show interfaces status command 7-2

show ip cache flow aggregation destination-prefix command 56-12

show ip cache flow aggregation prefix command 56-12

show ip cache flow aggregation source-prefix command 56-12

show ip cache flow command 56-9

show ip cef command 31-8

show ip eigrp interfaces command 30-19

show ip eigrp neighbors command 30-19

show ip eigrp topology command 30-19

show ip eigrp traffic command 30-19

show ip interface command 33-23

show ip local policy command 35-8

show ip mroute command 33-23

show ip pim interface command 33-23

show l2protocol command 25-18

show lldp traffic command 27-14

show mac-address-table address command 7-3

show mac-address-table interface command 7-3

show mls entry command 31-8

show module command 7-1, 18-6

show PoE consumed 11-8

show power inline command 11-6

show power supplies command 10-12

show protocols command 6-31

show running-config command

adding description for an interface 6-20

checking your settings 3-9

displaying ACLs 47-26, 47-29, 47-38, 47-39

show startup-config command 3-10

show users command 7-6

show version command 3-29

shutdown, command 6-32

shutdown threshold for Layer 2 protocol packets 25-16

shutting down

interfaces 6-31

Simple Network Management Protocol

See SNMP

single-host mode 40-7

single spanning tree

See SST

single static RP, configuring 33-20

slot numbers, description 6-2

smart call home 59-1

description 59-2

destination profile (note) 59-5

registration requirements 59-3

service contract requirements 59-3

Transport Gateway (TG) aggregation point 59-2

SMARTnet

smart call home registration 59-3

Smartports macros

applying global parameter values 16-9, 16-15, 16-16

applying macros 16-9

applying parameter values 16-9

configuration guidelines 16-6, 16-15

configuring 16-2

creating 16-8

default configuration 16-4, 16-14

defined 1-7, 16-1

displaying 16-14

tracing 16-7, 16-15

SNMP

accessing MIB variables with 54-4

agent

described 54-4

disabling 54-7

and IP SLAs 60-3

authentication level 54-10

community strings

configuring 54-7

overview 54-4

configuration examples 54-15

configuration guidelines 54-6

default configuration 54-5

enabling 65-4, 65-5

engine ID 54-6

groups 54-6, 54-9

host 54-6

informs

and trap keyword 54-11

described 54-5

differences from traps 54-5

enabling 54-14

limiting access by TFTP servers 54-15

limiting system log messages to NMS 52-9

manager functions 54-3

notifications 54-5

overview 54-1, 54-4

status, displaying 54-16

system contact and location 54-14

trap manager, configuring 54-13

traps

described 54-3, 54-5

differences from informs 54-5

enabling 54-11

enabling MAC address notification 4-22

enabling MAC move notification 4-24

enabling MAC threshold notification 4-26

overview 54-1, 54-4

types of 54-11

users 54-6, 54-9

versions supported 54-2

SNMP commands 65-4

SNMP traps

REP 20-14

SNMPv1 54-2

SNMPv2C 54-2

SNMPv3 54-2

software

upgrading 8-13

software configuration register 3-26

software QoS, on Sup 6-E 37-87

software switching

description 31-5

interfaces 31-6

key data structures used 33-8

source IDs

call home event format 59-22

SPAN

and ACLs 51-5

configuration guidelines 51-7

configuring51-7to 51-10

destination ports 51-5

IDS 51-2

monitored port, defined 51-4

monitoring port, defined 51-5

received traffic 51-3

sessions

defined 51-3

source ports 51-4

transmitted traffic 51-4

VLAN-based 51-5

SPAN and RSPAN

concepts and terminology 51-3

default configuration 51-6

displaying status 51-25

overview 51-1

session limits 51-6

SPAN enhancements

access list filtering 51-13

configuration example 51-16

CPU port sniffing 51-10

encapsulation configuration 51-12

ingress packets 51-12

packet type filtering 51-15

spanning-tree backbonefast command 21-16

spanning-tree cost command 18-16

spanning-tree guard root command 21-2

spanning-tree portfast bpdu-guard command 21-9

spanning-tree portfast command 21-7

spanning-tree port-priority command 18-13

spanning-tree uplinkfast command 21-13

spanning-tree vlan

command 18-9

command example 18-9

spanning-tree vlan command 18-8

spanning-tree vlan cost command 18-16

spanning-tree vlan forward-time command 18-19

spanning-tree vlan hello-time command 18-18

spanning-tree vlan max-age command 18-18

spanning-tree vlan port-priority command 18-13

spanning-tree vlan priority command 18-17

spanning-tree vlan root primary command 18-10

spanning-tree vlan root secondary command 18-12

speed

configuring interface 6-17

speed command 6-18

SSO

configuring 9-10

SSO operation 9-4

SST

description 18-22

interoperability 18-24

static ACL, removing the requirement 47-36

static addresses

See addresses

static routes

configuring 3-11

verifying 3-12

statistics

802.1X 42-14

displaying 802.1X 40-113

displaying PIM 33-27

LLDP 27-13

LLDP-MED 27-13

NetFlow accounting 56-9

SNMP input and output 54-16

sticky learning

configuration file 43-6

defined 43-5

disabling 43-6

enabling 43-5

saving addresses 43-6

sticky MAC addresses

configuring 43-7

defined 43-4

Storm Control

displaying 50-8

enabling Broadcast 50-3

enabling Multicast 50-4

hardware-based, implementing 50-2

overview 50-1

software-based, implementing 50-3

STP

and REP 20-6

bridge ID 18-2

configuring18-7to 18-20

creating topology 18-5

defaults 18-7

disabling 18-20

enabling 18-8

enabling extended system ID 18-9

enabling Per-VLAN Rapid Spanning Tree 18-20

EtherChannel guard

disabling 21-7

forward-delay time 18-19

hello time 18-17

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 25-13

maximum aging time 18-18

overview 18-1, 18-3

per-VLAN rapid spanning tree 18-6

port cost 18-15

port priority 18-13

root bridge 18-10

stratum, NTP 4-2

stub routing (EIGRP)

benefits 30-17

configuration tasks 30-18

configuring 30-14

overview 30-13, 30-14

restrictions 30-17

verifying 30-18

subdomains, private VLAN 39-2

summer time 4-13

supervisor engine

accessing the redundant 8-15

configuring3-8to 3-13

copying files to standby 8-15

default configuration 3-1

default gateways 3-11

environmental monitoring 10-1

redundancy 9-1

ROM monitor 3-26

startup configuration 3-25

static routes 3-11

synchronizing configurations 8-11

Supervisor Engine II-TS

insufficient inline power handling 10-19, 11-12

Smartports macros

See also Auto Smartports macros

SVI Autostate Exclude

understanding 30-3

SVI Autostate exclude

configuring 30-7

S-VLAN 1-2, 25-7

switch 48-2

switch access with RADIUS, controlling 40-92

switched packets

and ACLs 47-33

Switched Port Analyzer

See SPAN

switching, NetFlow

checking for required hardware 56-6

configuration (example) 56-13

configuring switched IP flows 56-8

enabling Collection 56-7

exporting cache entries 56-9

switchport

show interfaces 6-25, 6-26, 6-33

switchport access vlan command 15-6, 15-8

switchport block multicast command 49-2

switchport block unicast command 49-2

switchport mode access command 15-8

switchport mode dot1q-tunnel command 25-6

switchport mode dynamic command 15-6

switchport mode trunk command 15-6

switch ports

See access ports

switchport trunk allowed vlan command 15-6

switchport trunk encapsulation command 15-6

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q command 15-3

switchport trunk encapsulation isl command 15-3

switchport trunk encapsulation negotiate command 15-3

switchport trunk native vlan command 15-6

switchport trunk pruning vlan command 15-7

switch-to-RADIUS server communication

configuring 40-32

sysret command 63-5

system

reviewing configuration 3-10

settings at startup 3-27

system alarms

on Sup 2+ to V-10GE 10-5

on Sup 6-E 10-5

overview 10-4

system and network statistics, displaying 33-23

system capabilities TLV 27-2

system clock

configuring

daylight saving time 4-13

manually 4-11

summer time 4-13

time zones 4-12

displaying the time and date 4-12

overview 4-2

See also NTP

system description TLV 27-2

system images

loading from Flash memory 3-30

modifying boot field 3-27

specifying 3-30

system message logging

default configuration 52-3

defining error message severity levels 52-8

disabling 52-4

displaying the configuration 52-12

enabling 52-4

facility keywords, described 52-12

level keywords, described 52-9

limiting messages 52-9

message format 52-2

overview 52-1

sequence numbers, enabling and disabling 52-7

setting the display destination device 52-5

synchronizing log messages 52-6

timestamps, enabling and disabling 52-7

UNIX syslog servers

configuring the daemon 52-10

configuring the logging facility 52-11

facilities supported 52-12

system MTU

802.1Q tunneling 25-5

maximums 25-5

system name

manual configuration 4-15

See also DNS

system name TLV 27-2

system prompt, default setting 4-14

T

TACACS+ 44-1

accounting, defined 3-16

authentication, defined 3-16

authorization, defined 3-16

configuring

accounting 3-21

authentication key 3-18

authorization 3-21

login authentication 3-19

default configuration 3-18

displaying the configuration 3-22

identifying the server 3-18

limiting the services to the user 3-21

operation of 3-17

overview 3-15

tracking services accessed by user 3-21

tagged packets

802.1Q 25-3

Layer 2 protocol 25-13

TCAM programming algorithm

changing 47-9

TCAM programming algorithm, overview 47-8

TCAM programming and ACLs 47-11, 47-13

for Sup II-Plust thru V-10GE 47-7

TCAM programming and ACLs for Sup 6-E 47-16

TCAM region, changing the algorithm 47-9

TCAM region, resizing 47-11

TDR

checking cable connectivity 7-3

enabling and disabling test 7-3

guidelines 7-3

Telnet

accessing CLI 2-2

disconnecting user sessions 7-7

executing 7-5

monitoring user sessions 7-6

telnet command 7-6

templates, Ethernet OAM 57-45

Terminal Access Controller Access Control System Plus

See TACACS+

TFTP

configuration files in base directory 3-5

configuring for autoconfiguration 3-4

limiting access by servers 54-15

TFTP download

See also console download

threshold monitoring, IP SLAs 60-6

time

See NTP and system clock

Time Domain Reflectometer

See TDR

time exceeded messages 7-9

timer

See login timer

timestamps in log messages 52-7

time zones 4-12

TLV

host presence detection 40-8

TLVs

defined 1-5, 27-2

LLDP-MED 27-2

Token Ring

media not supported (note) 13-5, 13-10

Topology change notification processing

MLD Snooping

Topology change notification processing 24-4

TOS

description 37-4

trace command 7-9

traceroute

See IP traceroute

See Layer 2 Traceroute

traceroute mac command 7-11

traceroute mac ip command 7-11

traffic

blocking flooded 49-2

traffic control

using ACLs (figure) 47-4

using VLAN maps (figure) 47-6

traffic marking procedure flowchart 37-72

traffic shaping 37-16

translational bridge numbers (defaults) 13-5

transmit queues

See QoS transmit queues

transmit rate 37-52

traps

configuring MAC address notification 4-22

configuring MAC move notification 4-24

configuring MAC threshold notification 4-26

configuring managers 54-11

defined 54-3

enabling 4-22, 4-24, 4-26, 54-11

notification types 54-11

overview 54-1, 54-4

troubleshooting

with CiscoWorks 54-4

with system message logging 52-1

with traceroute 7-8

troubleshooting high CPU due to ACLs 47-12

trunk failover

See link-state tracking

trunk ports

configure port security 43-17

configuring PVLAN39-19to 39-21

trunks

802.1Q restrictions 15-5

configuring 15-6

configuring access VLANs 15-6

configuring allowed VLANs 15-6

default interface configuration 15-6

different VTP domains 15-3

enabling to non-DTP device 15-4

encapsulation 15-3

specifying native VLAN 15-6

understanding 15-3

trusted boundary for QoS 37-21

trustpoint 59-3

Trust State of interfaces, configuring

trust states

configuring 37-48

tunneling

defined 25-1

tunnel ports

802.1Q, configuring 25-6

described 25-2

incompatibilities with other features 25-5

TwinGig Convertors

limitations on using 6-14

port numbering 6-13

selecting X2/TwinGig Convertor mode 6-14

type length value

See TLV

type of service

See TOS

U

UDLD

configuring probe message interval per-interface 28-8

default configuration 28-4

disabling on fiber-optic interfaces 28-7

disabling on non-fiber-optic interfaces 28-7

displaying link status 28-9

enabling globally 28-5

enabling per-interface 28-6

modes of operation 28-3

resetting disabled LAN interfaces 28-8

use case 28-2

UDLD, overview 28-1

UDP jitter, configuring 60-9

UDP jitter operation, IP SLAs 60-9

unauthorized ports with 802.1X 40-5

unicast

See IP unicast

unicast flood blocking

configuring 49-1

unicast MAC address filtering

and adding static addresses 4-29

and broadcast MAC addresses 4-28

and CPU packets 4-28

and multicast addresses 4-28

and router MAC addresses 4-28

configuration guidelines 4-28

described 4-28

unicast MAC address filtering, configuring

ACLs

configuring unicast MAC address filtering 47-20

Unicast RPF (Unicast Reverse Path Forwarding)

applying 32-5

BGP attributes

caution 32-5

CEF

requirement 32-2

tables 32-7

configuring 32-9

(examples)??to 32-12

BOOTP 32-8

DHCP 32-8

enterprise network (figure) 32-6

prerequisites 32-9

routing table requirements 32-7

tasks 32-9

verifying 32-10

deploying 32-5

description 32-2

disabling 32-11

enterprise network (figure) 32-6

FIB 32-2

implementing 32-4

packets, dropping (figure) 32-4

prerequisites 32-9

restrictions

basic 32-8

routing asymmetry 32-7

routing asymmetry (figure) 32-8

routing table requirements 32-7

security policy

applying 32-5

attacks, mitigating 32-5

deploying 32-5

tunneling 32-5

source addresses, validating 32-3

(figure) 32-3, 32-4

failure 32-3

traffic filtering 32-5

tunneling 32-5

validation

failure 32-3, 32-4

packets, dropping 32-3

source addresses 32-3

verifying 32-10

unicast traffic

blocking 49-2

Unidirectional Controlled Port, configuring 802.1X 40-63

unidirectional ethernet

enabling 29-2

example of setting 29-2

overview 29-1

UniDirectional Link Detection Protocol

See UDLD

UNIX syslog servers

daemon configuration 52-10

facilities supported 52-12

message logging configuration 52-11

UplinkFast

and MST 18-23

enabling 21-16

MST and 18-23

overview 21-11

User Based Rate Limiting

configuring 37-38

overview 37-37

user-defined event triggers

configuring, 802.1X-based 17-7

configuring, MAC address-based 17-8

User-defined triggers and built-in macros, configuring mapping 17-9

user EXEC mode 2-5

user sessions

disconnecting 7-7

monitoring 7-6

V

VACLs

Layer 4 port operations 47-16

virtual configuration register 63-3

virtual LANs

See VLANs

Virtual Private Network

See VPN

Virtual Switch System(VSS), displaying EtherChannel to 22-16

VLAN ACLs

See VLAN maps

VLAN-based QoS on Layer 2 interfaces, configuring 37-46

VLAN blocking, REP 20-13

vlan command 13-6

vlan dot1q tag native command 25-4

VLAN ID

service provider 25-9

VLAN ID, discovering 4-35

VLAN ID translation

See VLAN mapping

VLAN load balancing

REP 20-4

VLAN load balancing, triggering 20-6

VLAN load balancing on flex links 19-2

configuration guidelines 19-6

VLAN Management Policy Server

See VMPS

VLAN mapping

1-to-1 25-8

1-to-1, configuring 25-11

configuration guidelines 25-10

configuring 25-11

configuring on a trunk port 25-11

default 25-9

described 1-2, 25-7

selective QinQ 25-8

selective Q-in-Q, configuring 25-12

traditional QinQ 25-8

traditional Q-in-Q, configuring 25-12

types of 25-8

VLAN maps

applying to a VLAN 47-29

configuration example 47-30

configuration guidelines 47-25

configuring 47-24

creating and deleting entries 47-26

defined 47-3

denying access example 47-31

denying packets 47-26

displaying 47-32

order of entries 47-25

permitting packets 47-26

router ACLs and 47-32

using (figure) 47-5

using in your network 47-29

VLAN maps, PACL and Router ACLs 47-41

VLANs

allowed on trunk 15-6

configuration guidelines 13-3

configuring 13-5

configuring as Layer 3 interfaces 30-7

customer numbering in service-provider networks 25-3

default configuration 13-4

description 1-10

extended range 13-3

IDs (default) 13-5

interface assignment 13-7

limiting source traffic with RSPAN 51-23

monitoring with RSPAN 51-22

name (default) 13-5

normal range 13-3

overview 13-1

reserved range 13-3

See also PVLANs

VLAN Trunking Protocol

See VTP

VLAN trunks

overview 15-3

VLAN User Distribution, configuring 802.1X 40-65

VMPS

configuration file example 13-32

configuring dynamic access ports on client 13-25

configuring retry interval 13-27

database configuration file 13-32

dynamic port membership

example 13-29

reconfirming 13-26

reconfirming assignments 13-26

reconfirming membership interval 13-26

server overview 13-21

VMPS client

administering and monitoring 13-28

configure switch

configure reconfirmation interval 13-26

dynamic ports 13-25

entering IP VMPS address 13-24

reconfirmation interval 13-27

reconfirm VLAM membership 13-26

default configuration 13-24

dynamic VLAN membership overview 13-23

troubleshooting dynamic port VLAN membership 13-29

VMPS server

fall-back VLAN 13-23

illegal VMPS client requests 13-23

overview 13-21

security modes

multiple 13-22

open 13-22

secure 13-22

voice interfaces

configuring 38-1

Voice over IP

configuring 38-1

voice ports

configuring VVID 38-3

voice traffic 11-2, 38-5

voice VLAN

IP phone data traffic, described 38-2

IP phone voice traffic, described 38-2

Voice VLAN, configure 802.1X 40-70

voice VLAN ports

using 802.1X 40-22

VPN

configuring routing in 36-12

forwarding 36-3

in service provider networks 36-1

routes 36-2

routing and forwarding table

See VRF

VRF

defining 36-3

tables 36-1

VRF-aware services

ARP 36-6, 36-9

configuring 36-6

ftp 36-8

ping 36-6

SNMP 36-7

syslog 36-8

tftp 36-8

traceroute 36-8

uRPF 36-7

VRF-lite

description 1-18

VTP

client, configuring 13-16

configuration guidelines 13-12

default configuration 13-13

disabling 13-16

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 25-14

monitoring 13-19

overview 13-8

pruning

configuring 13-15

See also VTP version 2

server, configuring 13-16

statistics 13-19

transparent mode, configuring 13-16

version 2

enabling 13-15

VTP advertisements

description 13-9

VTP domains

description 13-8

VTP modes 13-9

VTP pruning

overview 13-11

VTP versions 2 and 3

overview 13-9

See also VTP

VTY and Network Assistant 12-12

VVID (voice VLAN ID)

and 802.1X authentication 40-22

configuring 38-3

W

WCCP

configuration examples 64-10

configuring on a router 64-2, 64-11

features 64-4

restrictions 64-5

service groups 64-6

web-based authentication

authentication proxy web pages 42-4

description 1-30, 40-14, 42-1

web-based authentication, interactions with other features 42-4

Web Cache Communication Protocol

See WCCP 64-1

web caches

See cache engines

web cache services

description 64-4

web caching

See web cache services

See also WCCP

web scaling 64-1

Y

Y.1731

default configuration 57-29

described 57-27

ETH-AIS

Ethernet Alarm Signal function (ETH-AIS)

     1

ETH-RDI 57-28

multicast Ethernet loopback 57-31

multicast ETH-LB 57-29

terminology 57-27