IP Source Guard (IPSG) is a security feature that restricts IP traffic on nonrouted, Layer 2 interfaces by filtering traffic based on the DHCP snooping binding database and on manually configured IP source bindings.
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Information About IP Source Guard
IP Source Guard
You can use IP source guard to prevent traffic attacks if a host tries to use the IP address of its neighbor and you can enable IP source guard when DHCP snooping is enabled on an untrusted interface.
After IPSG is enabled on an interface, the switch blocks all IP traffic received on the interface except for DHCP packets allowed by DHCP snooping.
The switch uses a source IP lookup table in hardware to bind IP addresses to ports. For IP and MAC filtering, a combination of source IP and source MAC lookups are used. IP traffic with a source IP address is the binding table is allowed, all other traffic is denied.
The IP source binding table has bindings that are learned by DHCP snooping or are manually configured (static IP source bindings). An entry in this table has an IP address, its associated MAC address, and its associated VLAN number. The switch uses the IP source binding table only when IP source guard is enabled.
IPSG is supported only on Layer 2 ports, including access and trunk ports. You can configure IPSG with source IP address filtering or with source IP and MAC address filtering.
IP Source Guard for Static Hosts
Do not use IPSG (IP source guard) for static hosts on uplink ports or trunk ports.
IPSG for static hosts extends the IPSG capability to non-DHCP and static environments. The previous IPSG used the entries created by DHCP snooping to validate the hosts connected to a switch. Any traffic received from a host without a valid DHCP binding entry is dropped. This security feature restricts IP traffic on nonrouted Layer 2 interfaces. It filters traffic based on the DHCP snooping binding database and on manually configured IP source bindings. The previous version of IPSG required a DHCP environment for IPSG to work.
IPSG for static hosts allows IPSG to work without DHCP. IPSG for static hosts relies on IP device tracking-table entries to install port ACLs. The switch creates static entries based on ARP requests or other IP packets to maintain the list of valid hosts for a given port. You can also specify the number of hosts allowed to send traffic to a given port. This is equivalent to port security at Layer 3.
IPSG for static hosts also supports dynamic hosts. If a dynamic host receives a
DHCP-assigned IP address that is available in the IP DHCP snooping table, the same entry is
learned by the IP device tracking table. In a stacked environment, when the master failover
occurs, the IP source guard entries for static hosts attached to member ports are retained.
When you enter the show ip device tracking all EXEC command, the
IP device tracking table displays the entries as ACTIVE.
Some IP hosts with multiple network interfaces can inject some invalid packets into a network interface. The invalid packets contain the IP or MAC address for another network interface of the host as the source address. The invalid packets can cause IPSG for static hosts to connect to the host, to learn the invalid IP or MAC address bindings, and to reject the valid bindings. Consult the vender of the corresponding operating system and the network interface to prevent the host from injecting invalid packets.
IPSG for static hosts initially learns IP or MAC bindings dynamically through an ACL-based snooping mechanism. IP or MAC bindings are learned from static hosts by ARP and IP packets. They are stored in the device tracking database. When the number of IP addresses that have been dynamically learned or statically configured on a given port reaches a maximum, the hardware drops any packet with a new IP address. To resolve hosts that have moved or gone away for any reason, IPSG for static hosts leverages IP device tracking to age out dynamically learned IP address bindings. This feature can be used with DHCP snooping. Multiple bindings are established on a port that is connected to both DHCP and static hosts. For example, bindings are stored in both the device tracking database as well as in the DHCP snooping binding database.
IP Source Guard
You can configure
static IP bindings only on nonrouted ports. If you enter the
ip source bindingmac-addressvlanvlan-id
ip-addressinterfaceinterface-id global configuration command on a
routed interface, this error message appears:
Static IP source binding can only be configured on switch port.
When IP source
guard with source IP filtering is enabled on an interface, DHCP snooping must
be enabled on the access VLAN for that interface.
If you are
enabling IP source guard on a trunk interface with multiple VLANs and DHCP
snooping is enabled on all the VLANs, the source IP address filter is applied
on all the VLANs.
If IP source
guard is enabled and you enable or disable DHCP snooping on a VLAN on the trunk
interface, the switch might not properly filter traffic.
You can enable
this feature when 802.1x port-based authentication is enabled.
When you configure
IP source guard smart logging, packets with a source address other than the
specified address or an address learned by DHCP are denied, and the packet
contents are sent to a NetFlow collector. If you configure this feature, make
sure that smart logging is globally enabled.
In a switch stack,
if IP source guard is configured on a stack member interface and you remove the
the configuration of that switch by entering the
noswitchstack-member-numberprovision global configuration command, the
interface static bindings are removed from the binding table, but they are not
removed from the running configuration. If you again provision the switch by
switchstack-member-numberprovision command, the binding is restored.
To remove the
binding from the running configuration, you must disable IP source guard before
provision command. The configuration is also removed if the
switch reloads while the interface is removed from the binding table.
interface to be configured, and enters interface configuration mode.
ip verify source
Switch(config-if)# ip verify source
source guard with source IP address filtering.
mac-check—Enables IP Source Guard with source IP address and
MAC address filtering.
global configuration mode.
ip source bindingmac-addressvlanvlan-id
Switch(config)# ip source binding 0100.0230.0002 vlan 11 10.0.0.4 interface gigabitethernet1/0/1
Adds a static IP
command for each static binding.
privileged EXEC mode.
Source Guard for Static Hosts on a Layer 2 Access Port
You must configure
ip device trackingmaximumlimit-number interface configuration command
globally for IPSG for static hosts to work. If you only configure this command
on a port without enabling IP device tracking globally or by setting an IP
device tracking maximum on that interface, IPSG with static hosts rejects all
the IP traffic from that interface.
2.ip device tracking
4.switchport mode access
5.switchport access vlanvlan-id
6.ip device tracking maximumnumber
Command or Action
Switch# configure terminal
Enters the global
ip device tracking
Switch(config)# ip device tracking
Turns on the IP
host table, and globally enables IP device tracking.
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet 1/0/1
switchport mode access
Switch(config-if)# switchport mode access
port as access.
switchport access vlanvlan-id
Switch(config-if)# switchport access vlan 10
VLAN for this port.
ip device tracking maximumnumber
Switch(config-if)# ip device tracking maximum 8
maximum limit for the number of static IPs that the IP device tracking table
allows on the port. The range is 1to 10. The maximum number is 10.
ip device trackingmaximumlimit-number interface configuration command.
privileged EXEC mode.
Monitoring IP Source
Table 1 Privileged EXEC
show ip verify source [
the IP source guard configuration on the switch or on a specific interface.
show ip device tracking
information about the entries in the IP device tracking table.
Table 2 Interface
ip verify source
information about the fields in these displays, see the command reference for
Error Message Decoder
To help you research and resolve system error messages in this release, use the Error Message Decoder tool.
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