Catalyst 3750 Switch Software Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS Release 15.0(2)SE and Later
Configuring Voice VLAN
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Table Of Contents

Configuring Voice VLAN

Understanding Voice VLAN

Cisco IP Phone Voice Traffic

Cisco IP Phone Data Traffic

Configuring Voice VLAN

Default Voice VLAN Configuration

Voice VLAN Configuration Guidelines

Configuring a Port Connected to a Cisco 7960 IP Phone

Configuring Cisco IP Phone Voice Traffic

Configuring the Priority of Incoming Data Frames

Displaying Voice VLAN


Configuring Voice VLAN


This chapter describes how to configure the voice VLAN feature on the Catalyst 3750 switch. Unless otherwise noted, the term switch refers to a standalone switch and a switch stack. Voice VLAN is referred to as an auxiliary VLAN in some Catalyst 6500 family switch documentation.


Note For complete syntax and usage information for the commands used in this chapter, see the command reference for this release.


This chapter consists of these sections:

Understanding Voice VLAN

Configuring Voice VLAN

Displaying Voice VLAN

Understanding Voice VLAN

The voice VLAN feature enables access ports to carry IP voice traffic from an IP phone. When the switch is connected to a Cisco 7960 IP Phone, the phone sends voice traffic with Layer 3 IP precedence and Layer 2 class of service (CoS) values, which are both set to 5 by default. Because the sound quality of an IP phone call can deteriorate if the data is unevenly sent, the switch supports quality of service (QoS) based on IEEE 802.1p CoS. QoS uses classification and scheduling to send network traffic from the switch in a predictable manner. For more information on QoS, see Chapter 36 "Configuring QoS."

The Cisco 7960 IP Phone is a configurable device, and you can configure it to forward traffic with an IEEE 802.1p priority. You can configure the switch to trust or override the traffic priority assigned by a Cisco IP Phone.

The Cisco IP Phone contains an integrated three-port 10/100 switch as shown in Figure 16-1. The ports provide dedicated connections to these devices:

Port 1 connects to the switch or other voice-over-IP (VoIP) device.

Port 2 is an internal 10/100 interface that carries the IP Phone traffic.

Port 3 (access port) connects to a PC or other device.

Figure 16-1 shows one way to connect a Cisco 7960 IP Phone.

Figure 16-1 Cisco 7960 IP Phone Connected to a Switch

Cisco IP Phone Voice Traffic

You can configure an access port with an attached Cisco IP Phone to use one VLAN for voice traffic and another VLAN for data traffic from a device attached to the phone. You can configure access ports on the switch to send Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP) packets that instruct an attached phone to send voice traffic to the switch in any of these ways:

In the voice VLAN tagged with a Layer 2 CoS priority value

In the access VLAN tagged with a Layer 2 CoS priority value

In the access VLAN, untagged (no Layer 2 CoS priority value)


Note In all configurations, the voice traffic carries a Layer 3 IP precedence value (the default is 5 for voice traffic and 3 for voice control traffic).


Cisco IP Phone Data Traffic

The switch can also process tagged data traffic (traffic in IEEE 802.1Q or IEEE 802.1p frame types) from the device attached to the access port on the Cisco IP Phone (see Figure 16-1). You can configure Layer 2 access ports on the switch to send CDP packets that instruct the attached phone to configure the phone access port in one of these modes:

In trusted mode, all traffic received through the access port on the Cisco IP Phone passes through the phone unchanged.

In untrusted mode, all traffic in IEEE 802.1Q or IEEE 802.1p frames received through the access port on the Cisco IP Phone receive a configured Layer 2 CoS value. The default Layer 2 CoS value is 0. Untrusted mode is the default.


Note Untagged traffic from the device attached to the Cisco IP Phone passes through the phone unchanged, regardless of the trust state of the access port on the phone.


Configuring Voice VLAN

Default Voice VLAN Configuration

Voice VLAN Configuration Guidelines

Configuring a Port Connected to a Cisco 7960 IP Phone

Default Voice VLAN Configuration

The voice VLAN feature is disabled by default.

When the voice VLAN feature is enabled, all untagged traffic is sent according to the default CoS priority of the port.

The CoS value is not trusted for IEEE 802.1p or IEEE 802.1Q tagged traffic.

Voice VLAN Configuration Guidelines

These are the voice VLAN configuration guidelines:

Voice VLAN configuration is only supported on switch access ports; voice VLAN configuration is not supported on trunk ports.You can configure a voice VLAN only on Layer 2 ports.


Note Trunk ports can carry any number of voice VLANs, similar to regular VLANs. The configuration of voice VLANs is not required on trunk ports.


The voice VLAN should be present and active on the switch for the IP phone to correctly communicate on the voice VLAN. Use the show vlan privileged EXEC command to see if the VLAN is present (listed in the display). If the VLAN is not listed, see Chapter 14 "Configuring VLANs," for information on how to create the voice VLAN.

Do not configure voice VLAN on private VLAN ports.

The Power over Ethernet (PoE) switches are capable of automatically providing power to Cisco pre-standard and IEEE 802.3af-compliant powered devices if they are not being powered by an AC power source. For information about PoE interfaces, see the "Configuring a Power Management Mode on a PoE Port" section.

Before you enable voice VLAN, we recommend that you enable QoS on the switch by entering the mls qos global configuration command and configure the port trust state to trust by entering the mls qos trust cos interface configuration command. If you use the auto-QoS feature, these settings are automatically configured. For more information, see Chapter 36 "Configuring QoS."

You must enable CDP on the switch port connected to the Cisco IP Phone to send the configuration to the phone. (CDP is globally enabled by default on all switch interfaces.)

The Port Fast feature is automatically enabled when voice VLAN is configured. When you disable voice VLAN, the Port Fast feature is not automatically disabled.

If the Cisco IP Phone and a device attached to the phone are in the same VLAN, they must be in the same IP subnet. These conditions indicate that they are in the same VLAN:

They both use IEEE 802.1p or untagged frames.

The Cisco IP Phone uses IEEE 802.1p frames, and the device uses untagged frames.

The Cisco IP Phone uses untagged frames, and the device uses IEEE 802.1p frames.

The Cisco IP Phone uses IEEE 802.1Q frames, and the voice VLAN is the same as the access VLAN.

The Cisco IP Phone and a device attached to the phone cannot communicate if they are in the same VLAN and subnet but use different frame types because traffic in the same subnet is not routed (routing would eliminate the frame type difference).

Voice VLAN ports can also be these port types:

Dynamic access port. See the "Configuring Dynamic-Access Ports on VMPS Clients" section for more information.

IEEE 802.1x authenticated port. See the "Configuring 802.1x Readiness Check" section for more information.


Note If you enable IEEE 802.1x on an access port on which a voice VLAN is configured and to which a Cisco IP Phone is connected, the phone loses connectivity to the switch for up to 30 seconds.


Protected port. See the "Configuring Protected Ports" section for more information.

A source or destination port for a SPAN or RSPAN session.

Secure port. See the "Configuring Port Security" section for more information.


Note When you enable port security on an interface that is also configured with a voice VLAN, you must set the maximum allowed secure addresses on the port to two plus the maximum number of secure addresses allowed on the access VLAN. When the port is connected to a Cisco IP Phone, the phone requires up to two MAC addresses. The phone address is learned on the voice VLAN and might also be learned on the access VLAN. Connecting a PC to the phone requires additional MAC addresses.


Configuring a Port Connected to a Cisco 7960 IP Phone

Because a Cisco 7960 IP Phone also supports a connection to a PC or other device, a port connecting the switch to a Cisco IP Phone can carry mixed traffic. You can configure a port to decide how the Cisco IP Phone carries voice traffic and data traffic.

These sections contain this configuration information:

Configuring Cisco IP Phone Voice Traffic

Configuring the Priority of Incoming Data Frames

Configuring Cisco IP Phone Voice Traffic

You can configure a port connected to the Cisco IP Phone to send CDP packets to the phone to configure the way in which the phone sends voice traffic. The phone can carry voice traffic in IEEE 802.1Q frames for a specified voice VLAN with a Layer 2 CoS value. It can use IEEE 802.1p priority tagging to give voice traffic a higher priority and forward all voice traffic through the native (access) VLAN. The Cisco IP Phone can also send untagged voice traffic or use its own configuration to send voice traffic in the access VLAN. In all configurations, the voice traffic carries a Layer 3 IP precedence value (the default is 5).

Beginning in privileged EXEC mode, follow these steps to configure voice traffic on a port:

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

configure terminal

Enter global configuration mode.

Step 2 

interface interface-id

Specify the interface connected to the phone, and enter interface configuration mode.

Step 3 

mls qos trust cos

Configure the interface to classify incoming traffic packets by using the packet CoS value. For untagged packets, the port default CoS value is used.

Note Before configuring the port trust state, you must first globally enable QoS by using the mls qos global configuration command.

Step 4 

switchport voice {detect cisco-phone [full-duplex] | vlan {vlan-id | dot1p | none | untagged}}

Configure how the Cisco IP Phone carries voice traffic:

detect—Configure the interface to detect and recognize a Cisco IP phone.

cisco-phone—When you initially implement the switchport voice detect command, this is the only allowed option. The default is no switchport voice detect cisco-phone [full-duplex].

full-duplex—(Optional) Configure the switch to only accept a full-duplex Cisco IP phone.

Note Before configuring the switch port to detect and recognize a Cisco IP phone, confirm that the phone is powered by PoE. The configuration fails when power is provided by an AC source.

vlan-id—Configure the phone to forward all voice traffic through the specified VLAN. By default, the Cisco IP Phone forwards the voice traffic with an IEEE 802.1Q priority of 5. Valid VLAN IDs are 1 to 4094.

dot1p—Configure the switch to accept voice and data IEEE 802.1p priority frames tagged with VLAN ID 0 (the native VLAN). By default, the switch drops all voice and data traffic tagged with VLAN 0. If configured for 802.1p the Cisco IP Phone forwards the traffic with an IEEE 802.1p priority of 5..

none—Allow the phone to use its own configuration to send untagged voice traffic.

untagged—Configure the phone to send untagged voice traffic.

Step 5 

end

Return to privileged EXEC mode.

Step 6 

show interfaces interface-id switchport or

show running-config interface interface-id

Verify your voice VLAN entries.

Verify your QoS and voice VLAN entries.

Step 7 

copy running-config startup-config

(Optional) Save your entries in the configuration file.

This example shows how to configure a port connected to a Cisco IP Phone to use the CoS value to classify incoming traffic and to accept voice and data priority traffic tagged with VLAN ID  0:

Switch# configure terminal 
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet1/0/1
Switch(config-if)# mls qos trust cos 
Switch(config-if)# switchport voice vlan dot1p
Switch(config-if)# end 
 
 

To return the port to its default setting, use the no switchport voice vlan interface configuration command.

This example shows how to enable switchport voice detect on a Cisco IP Phone:

Switch# configure terminal 
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
Switch(config)# interface fastethernet 0/1
Switch(config-if)# switchport voice?
detect				detection enhancement keyword
vlan				VLAN for voice traffic
Switch(config-if)# switchport voice detect?
cisco-phone				Cisco IP Phone
Switch(config-if)# switchport voice detect cisco-phone?
full-duplex				Cisco IP Phone
 
 
Switch(config-if)# switchport voice detect cisco-phone full-duplex
full-duplex				full duplex keyword
 
 
Switch(config-if)# end 
 
 

This example shows how to disable switchport voice detect on a Cisco IP Phone:

Switch# configure terminal 
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
Switch(config)# interface fastethernet 0/1 
Switch(config-if)# no switchport voice detect cisco-phone 
Switch(config-if)# no switchport voice detect cisco-phone full-duplex

Configuring the Priority of Incoming Data Frames

You can connect a PC or other data device to a Cisco IP Phone port. To process tagged data traffic (in IEEE 802.1Q or IEEE 802.1p frames), you can configure the switch to send CDP packets to instruct the phone how to send data packets from the device attached to the access port on the Cisco IP Phone. The PC can generate packets with an assigned CoS value. You can configure the phone to not change (trust) or to override (not trust) the priority of frames arriving on the phone port from connected devices.

Beginning in privileged EXEC mode, follow these steps to set the priority of data traffic received from the nonvoice port on the Cisco IP Phone:

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

configure terminal

Enter global configuration mode.

Step 2 

interface interface-id

Specify the interface connected to the Cisco IP Phone, and enter interface configuration mode.

Step 3 

switchport priority extend
{cos value | trust}

Set the priority of data traffic received from the Cisco IP Phone access port:

cos value—Configure the phone to override the priority received from the PC or the attached device with the specified CoS value. The value is a number from 0 to 7, with 7 as the highest priority. The default priority is cos 0.

trust—Configure the phone access port to trust the priority received from the PC or the attached device.

Step 4 

end

Return to privileged EXEC mode.

Step 5 

show interfaces interface-id switchport

Verify your entries.

Step 6 

copy running-config startup-config

(Optional) Save your entries in the configuration file.

This example shows how to configure a port connected to a Cisco IP Phone to not change the priority of frames received from the PC or the attached device:

Switch# configure terminal 
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet1/0/1
Switch(config-if)# switchport priority extend trust
Switch(config-if)# end 
 
 

To return the port to its default setting, use the no switchport priority extend interface configuration command.

Displaying Voice VLAN

To display voice VLAN configuration for an interface, use the show interfaces interface-id switchport privileged EXEC command.