Catalyst 3750 Switch Software Configuration Guide, 12.2(52)SE
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Index

Table Of Contents

Numerics - A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X -

Index

Numerics

10-Gigabit Ethernet interfaces

configuration guidelines 12-17

defined 12-6

3750G integrated wireless LAN controller switch

configuring the switch A-4

controller and switch interaction A-3

internal ports

configuring A-4

reconfiguring A-5

A

AAA down policy, NAC Layer 2 IP validation 1-11

abbreviating commands 2-4

ABRs 38-25

AC (command switch) 6-10

access-class command 35-20

access control entries

See ACEs

access control entry (ACE) 41-3

access-denied response, VMPS 14-26

access groups

applying IPv4 ACLs to interfaces 35-21

Layer 2 35-21

Layer 3 35-21

accessing

clusters, switch 6-13

command switches 6-11

member switches 6-13

switch clusters 6-13

accessing stack members 5-23

access lists

See ACLs

access ports

and Layer 2 protocol tunneling 18-11

defined 12-3

in switch clusters 6-9

access template 8-1

accounting

with 802.1x 10-47

with IEEE 802.1x 10-14

with RADIUS 9-34

with TACACS+ 9-11, 9-17

ACEs

and QoS 36-7

defined 35-2

Ethernet 35-2

IP 35-2

ACLs

ACEs 35-2

any keyword 35-13

applying

on bridged packets 35-39

on multicast packets 35-41

on routed packets 35-40

on switched packets 35-39

time ranges to 35-17

to an interface 35-20, 41-7

to IPv6 interfaces 41-7

to QoS 36-7

classifying traffic for QoS 36-43

comments in 35-19

compiling 35-23

defined 35-1, 35-8

examples of 35-23, 36-43

extended IP, configuring for QoS classification 36-44

extended IPv4

creating 35-11

matching criteria 35-8

hardware and software handling 35-22

host keyword 35-13

IP

creating 35-8

fragments and QoS guidelines 36-33

implicit deny 35-10, 35-14, 35-16

implicit masks 35-10

matching criteria 35-8

undefined 35-21

IPv4

applying to interfaces 35-20

creating 35-8

matching criteria 35-8

named 35-15

numbers 35-8

terminal lines, setting on 35-19

unsupported features 35-7

IPv6

and stacking 41-3

applying to interfaces 41-7

configuring 41-4, 41-5

displaying 41-8

interactions with other features 41-4

limitations 41-3

matching criteria 41-3

named 41-3

precedence of 41-2

supported 41-2

unsupported features 41-3

Layer 4 information in 35-38

logging messages 35-9

MAC extended 35-28, 36-45

matching 35-8, 35-21, 41-3

monitoring 35-41, 41-8

named, IPv4 35-15

named, IPv6 41-3

names 41-4

number per QoS class map 36-33

port 35-2, 41-1

precedence of 35-2

QoS 36-7, 36-43

resequencing entries 35-15

router 35-2, 41-1

router ACLs and VLAN map configuration guidelines 35-38

standard IP, configuring for QoS classification 36-43

standard IPv4

creating 35-10

matching criteria 35-8

support for 1-10

support in hardware 35-22

time ranges 35-17

types supported 35-2

unsupported features, IPv4 35-7

unsupported features, IPv6 41-3

using router ACLs with VLAN maps 35-37

VLAN maps

configuration guidelines 35-31

configuring 35-30

active link 22-4, 22-5, 22-6

active links 22-2

active router 42-1

active traffic monitoring, IP SLAs 43-1

address aliasing 25-2

addresses

displaying the MAC address table 7-30

dynamic

accelerated aging 19-9

changing the aging time 7-21

default aging 19-9

defined 7-19

learning 7-20

removing 7-22

IPv6 39-2

MAC, discovering 7-30

multicast

group address range 46-3

STP address management 19-9

static

adding and removing 7-26

defined 7-19

address resolution 7-30, 38-9

Address Resolution Protocol

See ARP

adjacency tables, with CEF 38-90

administrative distances

defined 38-102

OSPF 38-32

routing protocol defaults 38-92

advertisements

CDP 27-1

LLDP 28-1, 28-2

RIP 38-20

VTP 14-18, 15-3, 15-4

aggregatable global unicast addresses 39-3

aggregate addresses, BGP 38-60

aggregated ports

See EtherChannel

aggregate policers 36-58

aggregate policing 1-13

aggregator template 5-9, 8-1

aging, accelerating 19-9

aging time

accelerated

for MSTP 20-23

for STP 19-9, 19-23

MAC address table 7-21

maximum

for MSTP 20-24

for STP 19-23, 19-24

alarms, RMON 31-3

allowed-VLAN list 14-20

application engines, redirecting traffic to 45-1

area border routers

See ABRs

area routing

IS-IS 38-65

ISO IGRP 38-65

ARP

configuring 38-10

defined 1-6, 7-30, 38-10

encapsulation 38-11

static cache configuration 38-10

table

address resolution 7-30

managing 7-30

ASBRs 38-25

AS-path filters, BGP 38-54

asymmetrical links, and IEEE 802.1Q tunneling 18-4

attributes, RADIUS

vendor-proprietary 9-37

vendor-specific 9-35

attribute-value pairs 10-12, 10-14, 10-18, 10-19

authentication

EIGRP 38-41

HSRP 42-10

local mode with AAA 9-43

NTP associations 7-4

open1x 10-28

RADIUS

key 9-27

login 9-29

TACACS+

defined 9-11

key 9-13

login 9-14

See also port-based authentication

authentication compatibility with Catalyst 6000 switches 10-8

authentication failed VLAN

See restricted VLAN

authentication keys, and routing protocols 38-103

authentication manager

CLI commands 10-9

compatibility with older 802.1x CLI commands10-9to ??

overview 10-7

authoritative time source, described 7-2

authorization

with RADIUS 9-33

with TACACS+ 9-11, 9-16

authorized ports with IEEE 802.1x 10-10

autoconfiguration 3-3

auto enablement 10-29

automatic advise (auto-advise) in switch stacks 5-11

automatic copy (auto-copy) in switch stacks 5-10

automatic discovery

considerations

beyond a noncandidate device 6-8

brand new switches 6-9

connectivity 6-5

different VLANs 6-7

management VLANs 6-7

non-CDP-capable devices 6-6

noncluster-capable devices 6-6

routed ports 6-8

in switch clusters 6-5

See also CDP

automatic extraction (auto-extract) in switch stacks 5-11

automatic QoS

See QoS

automatic recovery, clusters 6-10

See also HSRP

automatic upgrades (auto-upgrade) in switch stacks 5-10

auto-MDIX

configuring 12-21

described 12-21

autonegotiation

duplex mode 1-4

interface configuration guidelines 12-18

mismatches 49-12

autonomous system boundary routers

See ASBRs

autonomous systems, in BGP 38-48

Auto-RP, described 46-6

autosensing, port speed 1-4

Auto Smartports macros

built-in macros 13-3, 13-9

Cisco Medianet 13-2

configuration guidelines 13-4

default configuration 13-3

defined 13-1

displaying 13-20

enabling 13-5, 13-8

event triggers 13-12

IOS shell 13-1, 13-15

LLDP 13-1

mapping 13-9

user-defined macros 13-15

autostate exclude 12-6

Auto Smartports macros

See also Smartports macros

auxiliary VLAN

See voice VLAN

availability, features 1-7

B

BackboneFast

described 21-7

disabling 21-17

enabling 21-16

support for 1-8

backup interfaces

See Flex Links

backup links 22-2

backup static routing, configuring 44-12

banners

configuring

login 7-18

message-of-the-day login 7-18

default configuration 7-17

when displayed 7-17

Berkeley r-tools replacement 9-56

BGP

aggregate addresses 38-60

aggregate routes, configuring 38-60

CIDR 38-60

clear commands 38-63

community filtering 38-57

configuring neighbors 38-58

default configuration 38-45

described 38-44

enabling 38-48

monitoring 38-63

multipath support 38-52

neighbors, types of 38-48

path selection 38-52

peers, configuring 38-58

prefix filtering 38-56

resetting sessions 38-51

route dampening 38-62

route maps 38-54

route reflectors 38-61

routing domain confederation 38-61

BGP

routing session with multi-VRF CE 38-84

show commands 38-63

supernets 38-60

support for 1-14

Version 4 38-45

binding cluster group and HSRP group 42-12

binding database

address, DHCP server

See DHCP, Cisco IOS server database

DHCP snooping

See DHCP snooping binding database

bindings

address, Cisco IOS DHCP server 23-6

DHCP snooping database 23-7

IP source guard 23-16

binding table, DHCP snooping

See DHCP snooping binding database

blocking packets 26-7

Boolean expressions in tracked lists 44-4

booting

boot loader, function of 3-2

boot process 3-2

manually 3-18

specific image 3-19

boot loader

accessing 3-19

described 3-2

environment variables 3-20

prompt 3-19

trap-door mechanism 3-2

bootstrap router (BSR), described 46-7

Border Gateway Protocol

See BGP

BPDU

error-disabled state 21-2

filtering 21-3

RSTP format 20-12

BPDU filtering

described 21-3

disabling 21-15

enabling 21-14

support for 1-8

BPDU guard

described 21-2

disabling 21-14

enabling 21-13

support for 1-8

bridged packets, ACLs on 35-39

bridge groups

See fallback bridging

bridge protocol data unit

See BPDU

broadcast flooding 38-17

broadcast packets

directed 38-14

flooded 38-14

broadcast storm-control command 26-4

broadcast storms 26-1, 38-14

C

cables, monitoring for unidirectional links 29-1

candidate switch

automatic discovery 6-5

defined 6-4

requirements 6-4

See also command switch, cluster standby group, and member switch

Catalyst 3750G wireless LAN controller switch

accessing the controller A-6

displaying controller information A-7

features A-2

interaction with the controller A-3

internal port configuration A-4

internal port EtherChannel A-4

internal ports A-3

internal VLAN A-3

reconfiguring the internal ports A-5

switch stacks A-2

Catalyst 6000 switches

authentication compatibility 10-8

CA trustpoint

configuring 9-52

defined 9-50

CDP

and trusted boundary 36-39

automatic discovery in switch clusters 6-5

configuring 27-2

default configuration 27-2

defined with LLDP 28-1

described 27-1

disabling for routing device27-3to 27-4

enabling and disabling

on an interface 27-4

on a switch 27-3

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 18-7

monitoring 27-5

overview 27-1

power negotiation extensions 12-7

support for 1-6

switch stack considerations 27-2

transmission timer and holdtime, setting 27-2

updates 27-2

CEF

defined 38-89

distributed 38-90

enabling 38-90

IPv6 39-18

CGMP

as IGMP snooping learning method 25-9

clearing cached group entries 46-61

enabling server support 46-44

joining multicast group 25-3

overview 46-9

server support only 46-9

switch support of 1-4

CIDR 38-60

CipherSuites 9-51

Cisco 7960 IP Phone 16-1

Cisco Discovery Protocol

See CDP

Cisco Express Forwarding

See CEF

Cisco Group Management Protocol

See CGMP

Cisco intelligent power management 12-7

Cisco IOS DHCP server

See DHCP, Cisco IOS DHCP server

Cisco IOS File System

See IFS

Cisco IOS IP SLAs 43-1

Cisco Medianet

See Auto Smartports macros

Cisco Redundant Power System 2300

configuring 12-29

managing 12-29

Cisco Secure ACS

attribute-value pairs for downloadable ACLs 10-19

attribute-value pairs for redirect URL 10-18

Cisco Secure ACS configuration guide 10-58

Cisco StackWise technology 1-3

See also stacks, switch

CiscoWorks 2000 1-5, 33-4

CISP 10-29

CIST regional root

See MSTP

CIST root

See MSTP

civic location 28-3

classless interdomain routing

See CIDR

classless routing 38-8

class maps for QoS

configuring 36-46

described 36-7

displaying 36-78

class of service

See CoS

clearing interfaces 12-32

CLI

abbreviating commands 2-4

command modes 2-1

configuration logging 2-5

described 1-5

editing features

enabling and disabling 2-7

keystroke editing 2-7

wrapped lines 2-9

error messages 2-5

filtering command output 2-10

getting help 2-3

history

changing the buffer size 2-6

described 2-6

disabling 2-7

recalling commands 2-6

managing clusters 6-16

no and default forms of commands 2-4

Client Information Signalling Protocol

See CISP

client mode, VTP 15-3

client processes, tracking 44-1

CLNS

See ISO CLNS

clock

See system clock

clusters, switch

accessing 6-13

automatic discovery 6-5

automatic recovery 6-10

benefits 1-2

compatibility 6-4

described 6-1

LRE profile considerations 6-16

managing

through CLI 6-16

through SNMP 6-17

planning 6-4

planning considerations

automatic discovery 6-5

automatic recovery 6-10

CLI 6-16

host names 6-13

IP addresses 6-13

LRE profiles 6-16

passwords 6-13

RADIUS 6-16

SNMP 6-14, 6-17

switch stacks 6-14

TACACS+ 6-16

See also candidate switch, command switch, cluster standby group, member switch, and standby command switch

cluster standby group

and HSRP group 42-12

automatic recovery 6-12

considerations 6-11

defined 6-2

requirements 6-3

virtual IP address 6-11

See also HSRP

CNS 1-6

Configuration Engine

configID, deviceID, hostname 4-3

configuration service 4-2

described 4-1

event service 4-3

embedded agents

described 4-5

enabling automated configuration 4-6

enabling configuration agent 4-9

enabling event agent 4-7

management functions 1-5

CoA Request Commands 9-23

Coarse Wave Division Multiplexer

See CWDM SFPs

command-line interface

See CLI

command modes 2-1

commands

abbreviating 2-4

no and default 2-4

commands, setting privilege levels 9-8

command switch

accessing 6-11

active (AC) 6-10

configuration conflicts 49-12

defined 6-2

passive (PC) 6-10

password privilege levels 6-17

priority 6-10

recovery

from command-switch failure 6-10, 49-9

from lost member connectivity 49-12

redundant 6-10

replacing

with another switch 49-11

with cluster member 49-9

requirements 6-3

standby (SC) 6-10

See also candidate switch, cluster standby group, member switch, and standby command switch

community list, BGP 38-57

community ports 17-2

community strings

configuring 6-14, 33-8

for cluster switches 33-4

in clusters 6-14

overview 33-4

SNMP 6-14

community VLANs 17-2, 17-3

compatibility, feature 26-12

compatibility, software

See stacks, switch

config.text 3-17

configurable leave timer, IGMP 25-6

configuration, initial

defaults 1-16

Express Setup 1-2

configuration changes, logging 32-11

configuration conflicts, recovering from lost member connectivity 49-12

configuration examples, network 1-18

configuration files

archiving C-19

clearing the startup configuration C-19

creating using a text editor C-10

default name 3-17

deleting a stored configuration C-19

described C-8

downloading

automatically 3-17

preparing C-10, C-13, C-16

reasons for C-8

using FTP C-13

using RCP C-17

using TFTP C-11

guidelines for creating and using C-9

guidelines for replacing and rolling back C-21

invalid combinations when copying C-5

limiting TFTP server access 33-16

obtaining with DHCP 3-9

password recovery disable considerations 9-5

replacing a running configuration C-19, C-20

rolling back a running configuration C-19, C-20

specifying the filename 3-17

system contact and location information 33-16

types and location C-10

uploading

preparing C-10, C-13, C-16

reasons for C-9

using FTP C-14

using RCP C-18

using TFTP C-12

configuration guidelines, multi-VRF CE 38-77

configuration logger 32-11

configuration logging 2-5

configuration replacement C-19

configuration rollback C-19

configuration settings, saving 3-15

configure terminal command 12-12

configuring 802.1x user distribution 10-54

configuring port-based authentication violation modes10-37to 10-38

configuring small-frame arrival rate 26-5

config-vlan mode 2-2

conflicts, configuration 49-12

connections, secure remote 9-45

connectivity problems 49-14, 49-16, 49-17

consistency checks in VTP Version 2 15-5

console port, connecting to 2-11

content-routing technology

See WCCP

control protocol, IP SLAs 43-4

corrupted software, recovery steps with Xmodem 49-2

CoS

in Layer 2 frames 36-2

override priority 16-6

trust priority 16-6

CoS input queue threshold map for QoS 36-16

CoS output queue threshold map for QoS 36-18

CoS-to-DSCP map for QoS 36-60

counters, clearing interface 12-32

CPU utilization, troubleshooting 49-25

crashinfo file 49-24

critical authentication, IEEE 802.1x 10-50

critical VLAN 10-22

cross-stack EtherChannel

configuration guidelines 37-13

configuring

on Layer 2 interfaces 37-13

on Layer 3 physical interfaces 37-16

described 37-3

illustration 37-4

support for 1-8

cross-stack UplinkFast, STP

described 21-5

disabling 21-16

enabling 21-16

fast-convergence events 21-7

Fast Uplink Transition Protocol 21-6

normal-convergence events 21-7

support for 1-8

cryptographic software image

Kerberos 9-39

SSH 9-44

SSL 9-49

switch stack considerations 5-2, 5-15, 9-45

customer edge devices 38-75

customjzeable web pages, web-based authentication 11-6

CWDM SFPs 1-28

D

DACL

See downloadable ACL

daylight saving time 7-13

dCEF, in the switch stack 38-89

debugging

enabling all system diagnostics 49-21

enabling for a specific feature 49-20

redirecting error message output 49-21

using commands 49-20

default commands 2-4

default configuration

802.1x 10-32

auto-QoS 36-20

banners 7-17

BGP 38-45

booting 3-17

CDP 27-2

DHCP 23-8

DHCP option 82 23-9

DHCP snooping 23-9

DHCP snooping binding database 23-9

DNS 7-16

dynamic ARP inspection 24-5

EIGRP 38-37

EtherChannel 37-11

Ethernet interfaces 12-16

fallback bridging 48-3

Flex Links 22-7, 22-8

HSRP 42-5

IEEE 802.1Q tunneling 18-4

IGMP 46-39

IGMP filtering 25-25

IGMP snooping 25-7, 40-5, 40-6

IGMP throttling 25-25

initial switch information 3-3

IP addressing, IP routing 38-6

IP multicast routing 46-10

IP SLAs 43-6

IP source guard 23-18

IPv6 39-10

IS-IS 38-66

Layer 2 interfaces 12-16

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 18-11

LLDP 28-4

MAC address table 7-21

MAC address-table move update 22-8

MSDP 47-4

MSTP 20-15

multi-VRF CE 38-77

MVR 25-20

NTP 7-4

optional spanning-tree configuration 21-12

OSPF 38-26

password and privilege level 9-2

PIM 46-10

private VLANs 17-6

RADIUS 9-27

RIP 38-20

RMON 31-3

RSPAN 30-11

SDM template 8-5

SNMP 33-6

SPAN 30-11

SSL 9-52

standard QoS 36-30

STP 19-13

switch stacks 5-18

system message logging 32-4

system name and prompt 7-15

TACACS+ 9-13

UDLD 29-4

VLAN, Layer 2 Ethernet interfaces 14-18

VLANs 14-7

VMPS 14-27

voice VLAN 16-3

VTP 15-8

WCCP 45-5

default gateway 3-15, 38-12

default networks 38-93

default router preference

See DRP

default routes 38-93

default routing 38-3

default web-based authentication configuration

802.1X 11-9

deleting VLANs 14-9

denial-of-service attack 26-1

description command 12-24

designing your network, examples 1-18

desktop template 5-9, 8-1

destination addresses

in IPv4 ACLs 35-12

in IPv6 ACLs 41-5

destination-IP address-based forwarding, EtherChannel 37-9

destination-MAC address forwarding, EtherChannel 37-9

detecting indirect link failures, STP 21-8

device C-23

device discovery protocol 27-1, 28-1

device manager

benefits 1-2

described 1-2, 1-5

in-band management 1-6

upgrading a switch C-23

DHCP

Cisco IOS server database

configuring 23-14

default configuration 23-9

described 23-6

DHCP for IPv6

See DHCPv6

enabling

relay agent 23-10

DHCP-based autoconfiguration

client request message exchange 3-4

configuring

client side 3-4

DNS 3-8

relay device 3-8

server side 3-6

TFTP server 3-7

example 3-10

lease options

for IP address information 3-6

for receiving the configuration file 3-7

overview 3-3

relationship to BOOTP 3-4

relay support 1-6, 1-14

support for 1-6

DHCP-based autoconfiguration and image update

configuring3-11to 3-14

understanding3-5to 3-6

DHCP binding database

See DHCP snooping binding database

DHCP binding table

See DHCP snooping binding database

DHCP object tracking, configuring primary interface 44-11

DHCP option 82

circuit ID suboption 23-5

configuration guidelines 23-9

default configuration 23-8

displaying 23-15

forwarding address, specifying 23-11

helper address 23-11

overview 23-3

packet format, suboption

circuit ID 23-5

remote ID 23-5

remote ID suboption 23-5

DHCP server port-based address allocation

configuration guidelines 23-26

default configuration 23-26

described 23-25

displaying 23-29

enabling 23-26

reserved addresses 23-27

DHCP server port-based address assignment

support for 1-6

DHCP snooping

accepting untrusted packets form edge switch 23-3, 23-12

and private VLANs 23-14

binding database

See DHCP snooping binding database

configuration guidelines 23-9

default configuration 23-8

displaying binding tables 23-15

message exchange process 23-4

option 82 data insertion 23-3

trusted interface 23-3

untrusted interface 23-3

untrusted messages 23-2

DHCP snooping binding database

adding bindings 23-14

binding file

format 23-7

location 23-7

bindings 23-7

clearing agent statistics 23-15

configuration guidelines 23-10

configuring 23-14

default configuration 23-8, 23-9

deleting

binding file 23-15

bindings 23-15

database agent 23-15

described 23-7

displaying 23-15

binding entries 23-15

status and statistics 23-15

enabling 23-14

entry 23-7

renewing database 23-15

resetting

delay value 23-15

timeout value 23-15

DHCP snooping binding table

See DHCP snooping binding database

DHCPv6

configuration guidelines 39-15

default configuration 39-15

described 39-6

enabling client function 39-17

enabling DHCPv6 server function 39-15

support for 1-14

Differentiated Services architecture, QoS 36-2

Differentiated Services Code Point 36-2

Diffusing Update Algorithm (DUAL) 38-35

directed unicast requests 1-6

directories

changing C-4

creating and removing C-4

displaying the working C-4

discovery, clusters

See automatic discovery

Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol

See DVMRP

distance-vector protocols 38-3

distribute-list command 38-102

DNS

and DHCP-based autoconfiguration 3-8

default configuration 7-16

displaying the configuration 7-17

in IPv6 39-4

overview 7-15

setting up 7-16

support for 1-6

DNS-based SSM mapping 46-18, 46-20

domain names

DNS 7-15

VTP 15-9

Domain Name System

See DNS

domains, ISO IGRP routing 38-65

dot1q-tunnel switchport mode 14-16

double-tagged packets

IEEE 802.1Q tunneling 18-2

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 18-10

downloadable ACL 10-18, 10-19, 10-58

downloading

configuration files

preparing C-10, C-13, C-16

reasons for C-8

using FTP C-13

using RCP C-17

using TFTP C-11

image files

deleting old image C-27

preparing C-26, C-29, C-34

reasons for C-23

using CMS 1-2

using FTP C-30

using HTTP 1-2, C-23

using RCP C-35

using TFTP C-26

using the device manager or Network Assistant C-23

drop threshold for Layer 2 protocol packets 18-11

DRP

configuring 39-13

described 39-4

IPv6 39-4

support for 1-14

DSCP 1-12, 36-2

DSCP input queue threshold map for QoS 36-16

DSCP output queue threshold map for QoS 36-18

DSCP-to-CoS map for QoS 36-63

DSCP-to-DSCP-mutation map for QoS 36-64

DSCP transparency 36-40

DTP 1-9, 14-16

dual-action detection 37-6

DUAL finite state machine, EIGRP 38-36

dual IPv4 and IPv6 templates 8-2, 39-5, 39-6

dual protocol stacks

IPv4 and IPv6 39-5

SDM templates supporting 39-6

DVMRP

autosummarization

configuring a summary address 46-58

disabling 46-60

connecting PIM domain to DVMRP router 46-51

enabling unicast routing 46-54

interoperability

with Cisco devices 46-49

with Cisco IOS software 46-9

mrinfo requests, responding to 46-53

neighbors

advertising the default route to 46-52

discovery with Probe messages 46-49

displaying information 46-53

prevent peering with nonpruning 46-56

rejecting nonpruning 46-55

overview 46-9

routes

adding a metric offset 46-60

advertising all 46-60

advertising the default route to neighbors 46-52

caching DVMRP routes learned in report messages 46-54

changing the threshold for syslog messages 46-57

deleting 46-61

displaying 46-62

favoring one over another 46-60

limiting the number injected into MBONE 46-57

limiting unicast route advertisements 46-49

routing table 46-9

source distribution tree, building 46-9

support for 1-14

tunnels

configuring 46-51

displaying neighbor information 46-53

dynamic access ports

characteristics 14-3

configuring 14-29

defined 12-3

dynamic addresses

See addresses

dynamic ARP inspection

ARP cache poisoning 24-1

ARP requests, described 24-1

ARP spoofing attack 24-1

clearing

log buffer 24-15

statistics 24-14

configuration guidelines 24-6

configuring

ACLs for non-DHCP environments 24-8

in DHCP environments 24-7

log buffer 24-12

rate limit for incoming ARP packets 24-4, 24-10

default configuration 24-5

denial-of-service attacks, preventing 24-10

described 24-1

DHCP snooping binding database 24-2

displaying

ARP ACLs 24-14

configuration and operating state 24-14

log buffer 24-15

statistics 24-14

trust state and rate limit 24-14

error-disabled state for exceeding rate limit 24-4

function of 24-2

interface trust states 24-3

log buffer

clearing 24-15

configuring 24-12

displaying 24-15

logging of dropped packets, described 24-5

man-in-the middle attack, described 24-2

network security issues and interface trust states 24-3

priority of ARP ACLs and DHCP snooping entries 24-4

rate limiting of ARP packets

configuring 24-10

described 24-4

error-disabled state 24-4

statistics

clearing 24-14

displaying 24-14

validation checks, performing 24-11

dynamic auto trunking mode 14-16

dynamic desirable trunking mode 14-16

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

See DHCP-based autoconfiguration

dynamic port VLAN membership

described 14-27

reconfirming 14-30

troubleshooting 14-31

types of connections 14-29

dynamic routing 38-3

ISO CLNS 38-64

Dynamic Trunking Protocol

See DTP

E

EBGP 38-44

editing features

enabling and disabling 2-7

keystrokes used 2-7

wrapped lines 2-9

EEM 3.2 34-5

EIGRP

authentication 38-41

components 38-36

configuring 38-39

default configuration 38-37

definition 38-35

interface parameters, configuring 38-40

monitoring 38-43

stub routing 38-42

elections

See stack master

ELIN location 28-3

embedded event manager

3.2 34-5

actions 34-4

configuring 34-1, 34-6

displaying information 34-7

environmental variables 34-5

event detectors 34-2

policies 34-4

registering and defining an applet 34-6

registering and defining a TCL script 34-7

understanding 34-1

enable password 9-3

enable secret password 9-3

encryption, CipherSuite 9-51

encryption for passwords 9-3

Enhanced IGRP

See EIGRP

enhanced object tracking

backup static routing 44-12

commands 44-1

defined 44-1

DHCP primary interface 44-11

HSRP 44-7

IP routing state 44-2

IP SLAs 44-9

line-protocol state 44-2

network monitoring with IP SLAs 44-11

routing policy, configuring 44-12

static route primary interface 44-10

tracked lists 44-3

enhanced object tracking static routing 44-10

environmental variables, embedded event manager 34-5

environment variables, function of 3-20

equal-cost routing 1-14, 38-91

error-disabled state, BPDU 21-2

error messages during command entry 2-5

EtherChannel

automatic creation of 37-5, 37-7

channel groups

binding physical and logical interfaces 37-4

numbering of 37-4

configuration guidelines 37-12

configuring

Layer 2 interfaces 37-13

Layer 3 physical interfaces 37-16

Layer 3 port-channel logical interfaces 37-15

default configuration 37-11

described 37-2

displaying status 37-22

forwarding methods 37-8, 37-18

IEEE 802.3ad, described 37-7

interaction

with STP 37-12

with VLANs 37-12

LACP

described 37-7

displaying status 37-22

hot-standby ports 37-20

interaction with other features 37-8

modes 37-7

port priority 37-22

system priority 37-21

Layer 3 interface 38-5

load balancing 37-8, 37-18

logical interfaces, described 37-4

PAgP

aggregate-port learners 37-19

compatibility with Catalyst 1900 37-19

described 37-5

displaying status 37-22

interaction with other features 37-7

interaction with virtual switches 37-6

learn method and priority configuration 37-19

modes 37-6

support for 1-4

with dual-action detection 37-6

port-channel interfaces

described 37-4

numbering of 37-4

port groups 12-6

stack changes, effects of 37-10

support for 1-4

EtherChannel guard

described 21-10

disabling 21-17

enabling 21-17

Ethernet VLANs

adding 14-8

defaults and ranges 14-8

modifying 14-8

EUI 39-3

event detectors, embedded event manager 34-2

events, RMON 31-3

examples

network configuration 1-18

expedite queue for QoS 36-77

Express Setup 1-2

See also getting started guide

extended crashinfo file 49-24

extended-range VLANs

configuration guidelines 14-11

configuring 14-11

creating 14-12

creating with an internal VLAN ID 14-13

defined 14-1

extended system ID

MSTP 20-17

STP 19-4, 19-16

extended universal identifier

See EUI

Extensible Authentication Protocol over LAN 10-1

external BGP

See EBGP

external neighbors, BGP 38-48

F

fa0 interface 1-7

failover support 1-7

fallback bridging

and protected ports 48-4

bridge groups

creating 48-4

described 48-2

displaying 48-11

function of 48-2

number supported 48-5

removing 48-5

bridge table

clearing 48-11

displaying 48-11

configuration guidelines 48-4

connecting interfaces with 12-10

default configuration 48-3

described 48-1

frame forwarding

flooding packets 48-2

forwarding packets 48-2

overview 48-1

protocol, unsupported 48-4

stack changes, effects of 48-3

STP

disabling on an interface 48-10

forward-delay interval 48-9

hello BPDU interval 48-8

interface priority 48-7

maximum-idle interval 48-9

path cost 48-7

VLAN-bridge spanning-tree priority 48-6

VLAN-bridge STP 48-2

support for 1-14

SVIs and routed ports 48-1

unsupported protocols 48-4

VLAN-bridge STP 19-11

Fast Convergence 22-3

Fast Uplink Transition Protocol 21-6

features, incompatible 26-12

FIB 38-90

fiber-optic, detecting unidirectional links 29-1

files

basic crashinfo

description 49-24

location 49-24

copying C-5

crashinfo, description 49-24

deleting C-5

displaying the contents of C-8

extended crashinfo

description 49-24

location 49-24

tar

creating C-6

displaying the contents of C-7

extracting C-7

image file format C-24

file system

displaying available file systems C-2

displaying file information C-3

local file system names C-1

network file system names C-5

setting the default C-3

filtering

in a VLAN 35-30

IPv6 traffic 41-4, 41-7

non-IP traffic 35-28

show and more command output 2-10

filtering show and more command output 2-10

filters, IP

See ACLs, IP

flash device, number of C-1

flexible authentication ordering

configuring 10-61

overview 10-28

Flex Link Multicast Fast Convergence 22-3

Flex Links

configuration guidelines 22-8

configuring 22-8, 22-9

configuring preferred VLAN 22-11

configuring VLAN load balancing 22-10

default configuration 22-7

description 22-1

link load balancing 22-2

monitoring 22-14

VLANs 22-2

flooded traffic, blocking 26-8

flow-based packet classification 1-12

flowcharts

QoS classification 36-6

QoS egress queueing and scheduling 36-17

QoS ingress queueing and scheduling 36-15

QoS policing and marking 36-10

flowcontrol

configuring 12-20

described 12-20

forward-delay time

MSTP 20-23

STP 19-23

Forwarding Information Base

See FIB

forwarding nonroutable protocols 48-1

FTP

accessing MIB files B-3

configuration files

downloading C-13

overview C-12

preparing the server C-13

uploading C-14

image files

deleting old image C-32

downloading C-30

preparing the server C-29

uploading C-32

G

general query 22-5

Generating IGMP Reports 22-3

get-bulk-request operation 33-3

get-next-request operation 33-3, 33-4

get-request operation 33-3, 33-4

get-response operation 33-3

Gigabit modules

See SFPs

global configuration mode 2-2

global leave, IGMP 25-13

guest VLAN and 802.1x 10-20

guide mode 1-2

GUIs

See device manager and Network Assistant

H

hardware limitations and Layer 3 interfaces 12-26

hello time

MSTP 20-22

STP 19-22

help, for the command line 2-3

hierarchical policy maps 36-8

configuration guidelines 36-33

configuring 36-52

described 36-11

history

changing the buffer size 2-6

described 2-6

disabling 2-7

recalling commands 2-6

history table, level and number of syslog messages 32-10

host names, in clusters 6-13

host ports

configuring 17-11

kinds of 17-2

hosts, limit on dynamic ports 14-31

Hot Standby Router Protocol

See HSRP

HP OpenView 1-5

HSRP

authentication string 42-10

automatic cluster recovery 6-12

binding to cluster group 42-12

cluster standby group considerations 6-11

command-switch redundancy 1-1, 1-7

configuring 42-5

default configuration 42-5

definition 42-1

guidelines 42-6

monitoring 42-13

object tracking 44-7

overview 42-1

priority 42-8

routing redundancy 1-13

support for ICMP redirect messages 42-12

switch stack considerations 42-5

timers 42-11

tracking 42-8

See also clusters, cluster standby group, and standby command switch

HSRP for IPv6

configuring 39-24

guidelines 39-23

HTTP over SSL

see HTTPS

HTTPS 9-50

configuring 9-53

self-signed certificate 9-50

HTTP secure server 9-50

I

IBPG 38-44

ICMP

IPv6 39-4

redirect messages 38-12

support for 1-14

time-exceeded messages 49-18

traceroute and 49-18

unreachable messages 35-20

unreachable messages and IPv6 41-4

unreachables and ACLs 35-22

ICMP Echo operation

configuring 43-12

IP SLAs 43-11

ICMP ping

executing 49-15

overview 49-14

ICMP Router Discovery Protocol

See IRDP

ICMPv6 39-4

IDS appliances

and ingress RSPAN 30-22

and ingress SPAN 30-15

IEEE 802.1D

See STP

IEEE 802.1p 16-1

IEEE 802.1Q

and trunk ports 12-3

configuration limitations 14-17

encapsulation 14-15

native VLAN for untagged traffic 14-22

tunneling

compatibility with other features 18-6

defaults 18-4

described 18-1

tunnel ports with other features 18-6

IEEE 802.1s

See MSTP

IEEE 802.1w

See RSTP

IEEE 802.1x

See port-based authentication

IEEE 802.3ad

See EtherChannel

IEEE 802.3af

See PoE

IEEE 802.3x flow control 12-20

ifIndex values, SNMP 33-5

IFS 1-6

IGMP

configurable leave timer

described 25-6

enabling 25-11

configuring the switch

as a member of a group 46-39

statically connected member 46-43

controlling access to groups 46-40

default configuration 46-39

deleting cache entries 46-62

displaying groups 46-62

fast switching 46-43

flooded multicast traffic

controlling the length of time 25-12

disabling on an interface 25-13

global leave 25-13

query solicitation 25-13

recovering from flood mode 25-13

host-query interval, modifying 46-41

joining multicast group 25-3

join messages 25-3

leave processing, enabling 25-11, 40-9

leaving multicast group 25-5

multicast reachability 46-39

overview 46-3

queries 25-4

report suppression

described 25-6

disabling 25-16, 40-11

supported versions 25-3

support for 1-4

Version 1

changing to Version 2 46-41

described 46-3

Version 2

changing to Version 1 46-41

described 46-3

maximum query response time value 46-43

pruning groups 46-43

query timeout value 46-42

IGMP filtering

configuring 25-25

default configuration 25-25

described 25-24

monitoring 25-29

support for 1-4

IGMP groups

configuring filtering 25-28

setting the maximum number 25-27

IGMP helper 1-4, 46-6

IGMP Immediate Leave

configuration guidelines 25-11

described 25-5

enabling 25-11

IGMP profile

applying 25-27

configuration mode 25-25

configuring 25-26

IGMP snooping

and address aliasing 25-2

and stack changes 25-6

configuring 25-7

default configuration 25-7, 40-5, 40-6

definition 25-2

enabling and disabling 25-7, 40-6

global configuration 25-7

Immediate Leave 25-5

in the switch stack 25-6

method 25-8

monitoring 25-16, 40-11

querier

configuration guidelines 25-14

configuring 25-14

supported versions 25-3

support for 1-4

VLAN configuration 25-8

IGMP throttling

configuring 25-28

default configuration 25-25

described 25-25

displaying action 25-29

IGP 38-25

Immediate Leave, IGMP 25-5

enabling 40-9

inaccessible authentication bypass 10-22

support for multiauth ports 10-22

initial configuration

defaults 1-16

Express Setup 1-2

integrated wireless LAN controller switch

see 3750G integrated wireless LAN controller switch

interface

number 12-11

range macros 12-14

interface command12-11to 12-12

interface configuration mode 2-3

interfaces

auto-MDIX, configuring 12-21

configuration guidelines

10-Gigabit Ethernet 12-17

duplex and speed 12-18

configuring

procedure 12-12

counters, clearing 12-32

default configuration 12-16

described 12-24

descriptive name, adding 12-24

displaying information about 12-31

flow control 12-20

management 1-5

monitoring 12-31

naming 12-24

physical, identifying 12-11

range of 12-12

restarting 12-32, 12-33

shutting down 12-32

speed and duplex, configuring 12-19

status 12-31

supported 12-11

types of 12-1

interfaces range macro command 12-14

interface types 12-11

Interior Gateway Protocol

See IGP

internal BGP

See IBGP

internal neighbors, BGP 38-48

Internet Control Message Protocol

See ICMP

Internet Group Management Protocol

See IGMP

Internet Protocol version 6

See IPv6

Inter-Switch Link

See ISL

inter-VLAN routing 1-14, 38-2

Intrusion Detection System

See IDS appliances

inventory management TLV 28-3, 28-7

IOS shell

See Auto Smartports macros

IP ACLs

for QoS classification 36-7

implicit deny 35-10, 35-14

implicit masks 35-10

named 35-15

undefined 35-21

IP addresses

128-bit 39-2

candidate or member 6-4, 6-13

classes of 38-7

cluster access 6-2

command switch 6-3, 6-11, 6-13

default configuration 38-6

discovering 7-30

for IP routing 38-6

IPv6 39-2

MAC address association 38-9

monitoring 38-18

redundant clusters 6-11

standby command switch 6-11, 6-13

See also IP information

IP base image 1-1

IP broadcast address 38-16

ip cef distributed command 38-90

IP directed broadcasts 38-15

ip igmp profile command 25-25

IP information

assigned

manually 3-15

through DHCP-based autoconfiguration 3-3

default configuration 3-3

IP multicast routing

addresses

all-hosts 46-3

all-multicast-routers 46-3

host group address range 46-3

administratively-scoped boundaries, described 46-46

and IGMP snooping 25-2

Auto-RP

adding to an existing sparse-mode cloud 46-26

benefits of 46-26

clearing the cache 46-62

configuration guidelines 46-12

filtering incoming RP announcement messages 46-29

overview 46-6

preventing candidate RP spoofing 46-29

preventing join messages to false RPs 46-28

setting up in a new internetwork 46-26

using with BSR 46-34

bootstrap router

configuration guidelines 46-12

configuring candidate BSRs 46-32

configuring candidate RPs 46-33

defining the IP multicast boundary 46-31

defining the PIM domain border 46-30

overview 46-7

using with Auto-RP 46-34

Cisco implementation 46-2

configuring

basic multicast routing 46-12

IP multicast boundary 46-46

default configuration 46-10

enabling

multicast forwarding 46-13

PIM mode 46-13

group-to-RP mappings

Auto-RP 46-6

BSR 46-7

MBONE

deleting sdr cache entries 46-62

described 46-45

displaying sdr cache 46-63

enabling sdr listener support 46-46

limiting DVMRP routes advertised 46-57

limiting sdr cache entry lifetime 46-46

SAP packets for conference session announcement 46-45

Session Directory (sdr) tool, described 46-45

monitoring

packet rate loss 46-63

peering devices 46-63

tracing a path 46-63

multicast forwarding, described 46-7

PIMv1 and PIMv2 interoperability 46-11

protocol interaction 46-2

reverse path check (RPF) 46-7

routing table

deleting 46-62

displaying 46-62

RP

assigning manually 46-24

configuring Auto-RP 46-26

configuring PIMv2 BSR 46-30

monitoring mapping information 46-34

using Auto-RP and BSR 46-34

stacking

stack master functions 46-9

stack member functions 46-10

statistics, displaying system and network 46-62

See also CGMP

See also DVMRP

See also IGMP

See also PIM

IP phones

and QoS 16-1

automatic classification and queueing 36-20

configuring 16-4

ensuring port security with QoS 36-38

trusted boundary for QoS 36-38

IP Port Security for Static Hosts

on a Layer 2 access port 23-20

on a PVLAN host port 23-23

IP precedence 36-2

IP-precedence-to-DSCP map for QoS 36-61

IP protocols

in ACLs 35-12

routing 1-13

IP routes, monitoring 38-104

IP routing

connecting interfaces with 12-10

disabling 38-19

enabling 38-19

IP Service Level Agreements

See IP SLAs

IP service levels, analyzing 43-1

IP services image 1-1

IP SLAs

benefits 43-2

configuration guidelines 43-6

configuring object tracking 44-9

Control Protocol 43-4

default configuration 43-6

definition 43-1

ICMP echo operation 43-11

measuring network performance 43-3

monitoring 43-13

multioperations scheduling 43-5

object tracking 44-9

operation 43-3

reachability tracking 44-9

responder

described 43-4

enabling 43-8

response time 43-4

scheduling 43-5

SNMP support 43-2

supported metrics 43-2

threshold monitoring 43-6

track object monitoring agent, configuring 44-11

track state 44-9

UDP jitter operation 43-9

IP source guard

and 802.1x 23-18

and DHCP snooping 23-16

and EtherChannels 23-18

and port security 23-18

and private VLANs 23-18

and routed ports 23-18

and TCAM entries 23-18

and trunk interfaces 23-18

and VRF 23-18

binding configuration

automatic 23-16

manual 23-16

binding table 23-16

configuration guidelines 23-18

default configuration 23-18

described 23-16

disabling 23-19

displaying

active IP or MAC bindings 23-25

bindings 23-25

configuration 23-25

enabling 23-19, 23-20

filtering

source IP address 23-16

source IP and MAC address 23-16

on provisioned switches 23-18

source IP address filtering 23-16

source IP and MAC address filtering 23-16

static bindings

adding 23-19, 23-20

deleting 23-19

static hosts 23-20

IP traceroute

executing 49-18

overview 49-17

IP unicast routing

address resolution 38-9

administrative distances 38-92, 38-102

ARP 38-10

assigning IP addresses to Layer 3 interfaces 38-7

authentication keys 38-103

broadcast

address 38-16

flooding 38-17

packets 38-14

storms 38-14

classless routing 38-8

configuring static routes 38-91

default

addressing configuration 38-6

gateways 38-12

networks 38-93

routes 38-93

routing 38-3

directed broadcasts 38-15

disabling 38-19

dynamic routing 38-3

enabling 38-19

EtherChannel Layer 3 interface 38-5

IGP 38-25

inter-VLAN 38-2

IP addressing

classes 38-7

configuring 38-6

IPv6 39-3

IRDP 38-13

Layer 3 interfaces 38-5

MAC address and IP address 38-9

passive interfaces 38-101

protocols

distance-vector 38-3

dynamic 38-3

link-state 38-3

proxy ARP 38-10

redistribution 38-93

reverse address resolution 38-9

routed ports 38-5

static routing 38-3

steps to configure 38-5

subnet mask 38-7

subnet zero 38-7

supernet 38-8

UDP 38-16

with SVIs 38-5

See also BGP

See also EIGRP

See also OSPF

See also RIP

IPv4 ACLs

applying to interfaces 35-20

extended, creating 35-11

named 35-15

standard, creating 35-10

IPv4 and IPv6

dual protocol stacks 39-5

IPv6

ACLs

displaying 41-8

limitations 41-3

matching criteria 41-3

port 41-1

precedence 41-2

router 41-1

supported 41-2

addresses 39-2

address formats 39-2

and switch stacks 39-9

applications 39-5

assigning address 39-11

autoconfiguration 39-5

CEFv6 39-18

configuring static routes 39-19

default configuration 39-10

default router preference (DRP) 39-4

defined 39-1

Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP) IPv6 39-7

EIGRP IPv6 Commands 39-7

Router ID 39-7

feature limitations 39-8

features not supported 39-8

forwarding 39-11

ICMP 39-4

monitoring 39-26

neighbor discovery 39-4

OSPF 39-6

path MTU discovery 39-4

SDM templates 8-2, 40-1, 41-1

stack master functions 39-9

Stateless Autoconfiguration 39-5

supported features 39-2

switch limitations 39-8

understanding static routes 39-6

IPv6 traffic, filtering 41-4

IRDP

configuring 38-13

definition 38-13

support for 1-14

IS-IS

addresses 38-65

area routing 38-65

default configuration 38-66

monitoring 38-74

show commands 38-74

system routing 38-65

ISL

and IPv6 39-3

and trunk ports 12-3

encapsulation 1-9, 14-15

trunking with IEEE 802.1 tunneling 18-4

ISO CLNS

clear commands 38-74

dynamic routing protocols 38-64

monitoring 38-74

NETs 38-64

NSAPs 38-64

OSI standard 38-64

ISO IGRP

area routing 38-65

system routing 38-65

isolated port 17-2

isolated VLANs 17-2, 17-3

J

join messages, IGMP 25-3

K

KDC

described 9-40

See also Kerberos

Kerberos

authenticating to

boundary switch 9-42

KDC 9-42

network services 9-42

configuration examples 9-39

configuring 9-43

credentials 9-40

cryptographic software image 9-39

described 9-40

KDC 9-40

operation 9-42

realm 9-41

server 9-41

support for 1-11

switch as trusted third party 9-40

terms 9-40

TGT 9-41

tickets 9-40

key distribution center

See KDC

L

l2protocol-tunnel command 18-13

LACP

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 18-9

See EtherChannel

Layer 2 frames, classification with CoS 36-2

Layer 2 interfaces, default configuration 12-16

Layer 2 protocol tunneling

configuring 18-10

configuring for EtherChannels 18-14

default configuration 18-11

defined 18-8

guidelines 18-12

Layer 2 traceroute

and ARP 49-17

and CDP 49-16

broadcast traffic 49-16

described 49-16

IP addresses and subnets 49-17

MAC addresses and VLANs 49-16

multicast traffic 49-16

multiple devices on a port 49-17

unicast traffic 49-16

usage guidelines 49-16

Layer 3 features 1-13

Layer 3 interfaces

assigning IP addresses to 38-7

assigning IPv4 and IPv6 addresses to 39-14

assigning IPv6 addresses to 39-11

changing from Layer 2 mode 38-7, 38-82

types of 38-5

Layer 3 packets, classification methods 36-2

LDAP 4-2

Leaking IGMP Reports 22-4

LEDs, switch

See hardware installation guide

lightweight directory access protocol

See LDAP

line configuration mode 2-3

Link Aggregation Control Protocol

See EtherChannel

link failure, detecting unidirectional 20-8

Link Layer Discovery Protocol

See CDP

link local unicast addresses 39-3

link redundancy

See Flex Links

links, unidirectional 29-1

link state advertisements (LSAs) 38-31

link-state protocols 38-3

link-state tracking

configuring 37-25

described 37-23

LLDP

configuring 28-4

characteristics 28-6

default configuration 28-4

enabling 28-5

monitoring and maintaining 28-10

overview 28-1

supported TLVs 28-2

switch stack considerations 28-2

transmission timer and holdtime, setting 28-6

LLDP-MED

configuring

procedures 28-4

TLVs 28-7

monitoring and maintaining 28-10

overview 28-1, 28-2

supported TLVs 28-2

LLDP Media Endpoint Discovery

See LLDP-MED

load balancing 42-4

local SPAN 30-2

location TLV 28-3, 28-7

logging messages, ACL 35-9

login authentication

with RADIUS 9-29

with TACACS+ 9-14

login banners 7-17

log messages

See system message logging

Long-Reach Ethernet (LRE) technology 1-20, 1-26

loop guard

described 21-11

enabling 21-18

support for 1-8

LRE profiles, considerations in switch clusters 6-16

M

MAB

See MAC authentication bypass

MAB aging timer 1-9

MAB inactivity timer

default setting 10-32

range 10-35

MAC/PHY configuration status TLV 28-2

MAC addresses

aging time 7-21

and VLAN association 7-20

building the address table 7-20

default configuration 7-21

disabling learning on a VLAN 7-29

discovering 7-30

displaying 7-30

displaying in the IP source binding table 23-25

dynamic

learning 7-20

removing 7-22

in ACLs 35-28

IP address association 38-9

static

adding 7-27

allowing 7-28, 7-29

characteristics of 7-26

dropping 7-28

removing 7-27

MAC address learning 1-6

MAC address learning, disabling on a VLAN 7-29

MAC address notification, support for 1-15

MAC address-table move update

configuration guidelines 22-8

configuring 22-12

default configuration 22-8

description 22-6

monitoring 22-14

MAC address-to-VLAN mapping 14-26

MAC authentication bypass 10-35

configuring 10-54

overview 10-15

See MAB

MAC extended access lists

applying to Layer 2 interfaces 35-29

configuring for QoS 36-45

creating 35-28

defined 35-28

for QoS classification 36-5

macros

See Auto Smartports macros

See Smartports macros

magic packet 10-25

manageability features 1-6

management access

in-band

browser session 1-6

CLI session 1-6

device manager 1-6

SNMP 1-7

out-of-band console port connection 1-7

management address TLV 28-2

management options

CLI 2-1

clustering 1-3

CNS 4-1

Network Assistant 1-2

overview 1-5

switch stacks 1-3

management VLAN

considerations in switch clusters 6-7

discovery through different management VLANs 6-7

mapping tables for QoS

configuring

CoS-to-DSCP 36-60

DSCP 36-60

DSCP-to-CoS 36-63

DSCP-to-DSCP-mutation 36-64

IP-precedence-to-DSCP 36-61

policed-DSCP 36-62

described 36-12

marking

action with aggregate policers 36-58

described 36-4, 36-8

matching

IPv6 ACLs 41-3

matching, IPv4 ACLs 35-8

maximum aging time

MSTP 20-24

STP 19-23

maximum hop count, MSTP 20-24

maximum number of allowed devices, port-based authentication 10-35

maximum-paths command 38-52, 38-91

MDA

configuration guidelines10-12to 10-13

described 1-10, 10-12

exceptions with authentication process 10-5

Medianet

See Auto Smartports macros

membership mode, VLAN port 14-3

member switch

automatic discovery 6-5

defined 6-2

managing 6-16

passwords 6-13

recovering from lost connectivity 49-12

requirements 6-4

See also candidate switch, cluster standby group, and standby command switch

messages, to users through banners 7-17

metrics, in BGP 38-52

metric translations, between routing protocols 38-97

metro tags 18-2

MHSRP 42-4

MIBs

accessing files with FTP B-3

location of files B-3

overview 33-1

SNMP interaction with 33-4

supported B-1

mini-point-of-presence

See POP

mirroring traffic for analysis 30-1

mismatches, autonegotiation 49-12

module number 12-11

monitoring

access groups 35-41

BGP 38-63

cables for unidirectional links 29-1

CDP 27-5

CEF 38-90

EIGRP 38-43

fallback bridging 48-11

features 1-15

Flex Links 22-14

HSRP 42-13

IEEE 802.1Q tunneling 18-18

IGMP

filters 25-29

snooping 25-16, 40-11

interfaces 12-31

IP

address tables 38-18

multicast routing 46-61

routes 38-104

IP SLAs operations 43-13

IPv4 ACL configuration 35-41

IPv6 39-26

IPv6 ACL configuration 41-8

IS-IS 38-74

ISO CLNS 38-74

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 18-18

MAC address-table move update 22-14

MSDP peers 47-18

multicast router interfaces 25-17, 40-12

multi-VRF CE 38-89

MVR 25-24

network traffic for analysis with probe 30-2

object tracking 44-12

OSPF 38-34

port

blocking 26-19

protection 26-19

private VLANs 17-14

RP mapping information 46-34

SFP status 12-32, 49-14

source-active messages 47-18

speed and duplex mode 12-19

SSM mapping 46-21

traffic flowing among switches 31-1

traffic suppression 26-19

tunneling 18-18

VLAN

filters 35-42

maps 35-42

VLANs 14-14

VMPS 14-31

VTP 15-17

mrouter Port 22-3

mrouter port 22-5

MSDP

benefits of 47-3

clearing MSDP connections and statistics 47-18

controlling source information

forwarded by switch 47-11

originated by switch 47-8

received by switch 47-13

default configuration 47-4

dense-mode regions

sending SA messages to 47-16

specifying the originating address 47-17

filtering

incoming SA messages 47-14

SA messages to a peer 47-12

SA requests from a peer 47-10

join latency, defined 47-6

meshed groups

configuring 47-15

defined 47-15

originating address, changing 47-17

overview 47-1

peer-RPF flooding 47-2

peers

configuring a default 47-4

monitoring 47-18

peering relationship, overview 47-1

requesting source information from 47-8

shutting down 47-15

source-active messages

caching 47-6

clearing cache entries 47-18

defined 47-2

filtering from a peer 47-10

filtering incoming 47-14

filtering to a peer 47-12

limiting data with TTL 47-13

monitoring 47-18

restricting advertised sources 47-9

support for 1-14

MSTP

boundary ports

configuration guidelines 20-16

described 20-6

BPDU filtering

described 21-3

enabling 21-14

BPDU guard

described 21-2

enabling 21-13

CIST, described 20-3

CIST regional root 20-3

CIST root 20-5

configuration guidelines 20-15, 21-12

configuring

forward-delay time 20-23

hello time 20-22

link type for rapid convergence 20-24

maximum aging time 20-24

maximum hop count 20-24

MST region 20-16

neighbor type 20-25

path cost 20-21

port priority 20-19

root switch 20-17

secondary root switch 20-19

switch priority 20-22

CST

defined 20-3

operations between regions 20-4

default configuration 20-15

default optional feature configuration 21-12

displaying status 20-26

enabling the mode 20-16

EtherChannel guard

described 21-10

enabling 21-17

extended system ID

effects on root switch 20-17

effects on secondary root switch 20-19

unexpected behavior 20-18

IEEE 802.1s

implementation 20-6

port role naming change 20-7

terminology 20-5

instances supported 19-10

interface state, blocking to forwarding 21-2

interoperability and compatibility among modes 19-11

interoperability with IEEE 802.1D

described 20-9

restarting migration process 20-26

IST

defined 20-3

master 20-3

operations within a region 20-3

loop guard

described 21-11

enabling 21-18

mapping VLANs to MST instance 20-16

MST region

CIST 20-3

configuring 20-16

described 20-2

hop-count mechanism 20-5

IST 20-3

supported spanning-tree instances 20-2

optional features supported 1-8

overview 20-2

Port Fast

described 21-2

enabling 21-12

preventing root switch selection 21-10

root guard

described 21-10

enabling 21-18

root switch

configuring 20-18

effects of extended system ID 20-17

unexpected behavior 20-18

shutdown Port Fast-enabled port 21-2

stack changes, effects of 20-8

status, displaying 20-26

multiauth

support for inaccessible authentication bypass 10-22

multiauth mode

See multiple-authentication mode

multicast groups

Immediate Leave 25-5

joining 25-3

leaving 25-5

static joins 25-10, 40-8

multicast packets

ACLs on 35-41

blocking 26-8

multicast router interfaces, monitoring 25-17, 40-12

multicast router ports, adding 25-9, 40-8

Multicast Source Discovery Protocol

See MSDP

multicast storm 26-1

multicast storm-control command 26-4

multicast television application 25-18

multicast VLAN 25-17

Multicast VLAN Registration

See MVR

multidomain authentication

See MDA

multioperations scheduling, IP SLAs 43-5

multiple authentication 10-13

multiple authentication mode

configuring 10-41

Multiple HSRP

See MHSRP

multiple VPN routing/forwarding in customer edge devices

See multi-VRF CE

multi-VRF CE

configuration example 38-85

configuration guidelines 38-77

configuring 38-77

default configuration 38-77

defined 38-75

displaying 38-89

monitoring 38-89

network components 38-77

packet-forwarding process 38-76

support for 1-14

MVR

and address aliasing 25-21

and IGMPv3 25-21

configuration guidelines 25-20

configuring interfaces 25-22

default configuration 25-20

described 25-17

example application 25-18

in the switch stack 25-20

modes 25-21

monitoring 25-24

multicast television application 25-18

setting global parameters 25-21

support for 1-4

N

NAC

AAA down policy 1-11

critical authentication 10-22, 10-50

IEEE 802.1x authentication using a RADIUS server 10-56

IEEE 802.1x validation using RADIUS server 10-56

NAC

inaccessible authentication bypass 1-11, 10-50

Layer 2 IEEE 802.1x validation 1-11, 10-27, 10-56

Layer 2 IP validation 1-11

named IPv4 ACLs 35-15

NameSpace Mapper

See NSM

native VLAN

and IEEE 802.1Q tunneling 18-4

configuring 14-22

default 14-22

NEAT

configuring 10-57

overview 10-29

neighbor discovery, IPv6 39-4

neighbor discovery/recovery, EIGRP 38-36

neighbors, BGP 38-58

Network Admission Control

NAC

Network Assistant

benefits 1-2

described 1-5

downloading image files 1-2

guide mode 1-2

management options 1-2

managing switch stacks 5-2, 5-15

upgrading a switch C-23

wizards 1-2

network configuration examples

cost-effective wiring closet 1-20

high-performance wiring closet 1-21

increasing network performance 1-19

large network 1-25

long-distance, high-bandwidth transport 1-28

multidwelling network 1-26

providing network services 1-19

redundant Gigabit backbone 1-21

server aggregation and Linux server cluster 1-22

small to medium-sized network 1-24

network design

performance 1-19

services 1-19

Network Edge Access Topology

See NEAT

network management

CDP 27-1

RMON 31-1

SNMP 33-1

network performance, measuring with IP SLAs 43-3

network policy TLV 28-2, 28-7

Network Time Protocol

See NTP

no commands 2-4

nonhierarchical policy maps

configuration guidelines 36-33

described 36-9

non-IP traffic filtering 35-28

nontrunking mode 14-16

normal-range VLANs 14-4

configuration guidelines 14-6

configuring 14-4

defined 14-1

no switchport command 12-4

not-so-stubby areas

See NSSA

NSAPs, as ISO IGRP addresses 38-65

NSF Awareness

IS-IS 38-67

NSM 4-3

NSSA, OSPF 38-31

NTP

associations

authenticating 7-4

defined 7-2

enabling broadcast messages 7-6

peer 7-5

server 7-5

default configuration 7-4

NTP

displaying the configuration 7-11

overview 7-2

restricting access

creating an access group 7-8

disabling NTP services per interface 7-10

source IP address, configuring 7-10

stratum 7-2

support for 1-6

synchronizing devices 7-5

time

services 7-2

synchronizing 7-2

O

object tracking

HSRP 44-7

IP SLAs 44-9

IP SLAs, configuring 44-9

monitoring 44-12

offline configuration for switch stacks 5-6

off mode, VTP 15-3

online diagnostics

overview 50-1

running tests 50-3

understanding 50-1

open1x

configuring 10-62

open1x authentication

overview 10-28

Open Shortest Path First

See OSPF

optimizing system resources 8-1

options, management 1-5

OSPF

area parameters, configuring 38-30

configuring 38-28

default configuration

metrics 38-32

route 38-32

settings 38-26

described 38-25

for IPv6 39-6

interface parameters, configuring 38-29

LSA group pacing 38-33

monitoring 38-34

router IDs 38-34

route summarization 38-32

support for 1-13

virtual links 38-32

out-of-profile markdown 1-13

P

packet modification, with QoS 36-19

PAgP

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 18-9

See EtherChannel

parallel paths, in routing tables 38-91

passive interfaces

configuring 38-101

OSPF 38-32

passwords

default configuration 9-2

disabling recovery of 9-5

encrypting 9-3

for security 1-10

in clusters 6-13

overview 9-1

recovery of 49-3

setting

enable 9-3

enable secret 9-3

Telnet 9-6

with usernames 9-6

VTP domain 15-9

path cost

MSTP 20-21

STP 19-20

path MTU discovery 39-4

PBR

defined 38-97

enabling 38-99

fast-switched policy-based routing 38-100

local policy-based routing 38-100

PC (passive command switch) 6-10

peers, BGP 38-58

percentage thresholds in tracked lists 44-6

performance, network design 1-19

performance features 1-4

persistent self-signed certificate 9-50

per-user ACLs and Filter-Ids 10-8

per-VLAN spanning-tree plus

See PVST+

PE to CE routing, configuring 38-84

physical ports 12-2

PIM

default configuration 46-10

dense mode

overview 46-4

rendezvous point (RP), described 46-5

RPF lookups 46-8

displaying neighbors 46-62

enabling a mode 46-13

overview 46-4

router-query message interval, modifying 46-37

shared tree and source tree, overview 46-35

shortest path tree, delaying the use of 46-36

PIM

sparse mode

join messages and shared tree 46-5

overview 46-5

prune messages 46-5

RPF lookups 46-8

stub routing

configuration guidelines 46-22

displaying 46-62

enabling 46-23

overview 46-5

support for 1-14

versions

interoperability 46-11

troubleshooting interoperability problems 46-35

v2 improvements 46-4

PIM-DVMRP, as snooping method 25-8

ping

character output description 49-15

executing 49-15

overview 49-14

PoE

auto mode 12-9

CDP with power consumption, described 12-7

CDP with power negotiation, described 12-7

Cisco intelligent power management 12-7

configuring 12-22

devices supported 12-7

high-power devices operating in low-power mode 12-7

IEEE power classification levels 12-8

power budgeting 12-23

power consumption 12-23

powered-device detection and initial power allocation 12-8

power management modes 12-9

power negotiation extensions to CDP 12-7

standards supported 12-7

static mode 12-9

troubleshooting 49-13

policed-DSCP map for QoS 36-62

policers

configuring

for each matched traffic class 36-48

for more than one traffic class 36-58

described 36-4

displaying 36-78

number of 36-34

types of 36-9

policing

described 36-4

hierarchical

See hierarchical policy maps

token-bucket algorithm 36-9

policy-based routing

See PBR

policy maps for QoS

characteristics of 36-48

described 36-7

displaying 36-79

hierarchical 36-8

hierarchical on SVIs

configuration guidelines 36-33

configuring 36-52

described 36-11

nonhierarchical on physical ports

configuration guidelines 36-33

described 36-9

POP 1-26

port ACLs

defined 35-2

types of 35-3

Port Aggregation Protocol

See EtherChannel

port-based authentication

accounting 10-14

authentication server

defined 10-3, 11-2

RADIUS server 10-3

client, defined 10-3, 11-2

configuration guidelines 10-33, 11-9

configuring

802.1x authentication 10-38

guest VLAN 10-48

host mode 10-41

inaccessible authentication bypass 10-50

manual re-authentication of a client 10-43

periodic re-authentication 10-42

quiet period 10-44

RADIUS server 10-41, 11-12

RADIUS server parameters on the switch 10-40, 11-11

restricted VLAN 10-49

switch-to-client frame-retransmission number 10-45, 10-46

switch-to-client retransmission time 10-44

violation modes10-37to 10-38

default configuration 10-32, 11-9

described 10-1

device roles 10-2, 11-2

displaying statistics 10-63, 11-17

downloadable ACLs and redirect URLs

configuring10-58to10-60, ??to 10-61

overview10-18to 10-19

EAPOL-start frame 10-5

EAP-request/identity frame 10-5

EAP-response/identity frame 10-5

enabling

802.1X authentication 11-11

encapsulation 10-3

flexible authentication ordering

configuring 10-61

overview 10-28

guest VLAN

configuration guidelines 10-20, 10-21

described 10-20

host mode 10-11

inaccessible authentication bypass

configuring 10-50

described 10-22

guidelines 10-34

initiation and message exchange 10-5

magic packet 10-25

maximum number of allowed devices per port 10-35

method lists 10-38

multiple authentication 10-13

per-user ACLs

AAA authorization 10-38

configuration tasks 10-18

described 10-17

RADIUS server attributes 10-17

ports

authorization state and dot1x port-control command 10-10

authorized and unauthorized 10-10

voice VLAN 10-23

port security

and voice VLAN 10-25

described 10-24

interactions 10-24

multiple-hosts mode 10-11

readiness check

configuring 10-35

described 10-15, 10-35

resetting to default values 10-63

stack changes, effects of 10-11

statistics, displaying 10-63

switch

as proxy 10-3, 11-2

RADIUS client 10-3

switch supplicant

configuring 10-57

overview 10-29

upgrading from a previous release 36-26

user distribution

guidelines 10-27

overview 10-27

VLAN assignment

AAA authorization 10-38

characteristics 10-16

configuration tasks 10-17

described 10-16

voice aware 802.1x security

configuring 10-36

described 10-29, 10-36

voice VLAN

described 10-23

PVID 10-23

VVID 10-23

wake-on-LAN, described 10-25

with ACLs and RADIUS Filter-Id attribute 10-30

port-based authentication methods, supported 10-7

port blocking 1-4, 26-7

port-channel

See EtherChannel

port description TLV 28-2

Port Fast

described 21-2

enabling 21-12

mode, spanning tree 14-28

support for 1-8

port membership modes, VLAN 14-3

port priority

MSTP 20-19

STP 19-18

ports

10-Gigabit Ethernet module 12-6

access 12-3

blocking 26-7

dynamic access 14-3

IEEE 802.1Q tunnel 14-4

protected 26-6

routed 12-4

secure 26-9

static-access 14-3, 14-10

switch 12-2

trunks 14-3, 14-15

VLAN assignments 14-10

port security

aging 26-17

and private VLANs 26-18

and QoS trusted boundary 36-38

and stacking 26-18

configuring 26-13

default configuration 26-11

described 26-8

displaying 26-19

enabling 26-18

on trunk ports 26-14

sticky learning 26-9

violations 26-10

with other features 26-11

port-shutdown response, VMPS 14-27

port VLAN ID TLV 28-2

power management TLV 28-2, 28-7

Power over Ethernet

See PoE

preemption, default configuration 22-7

preemption delay, default configuration 22-8

preferential treatment of traffic

See QoS

prefix lists, BGP 38-56

preventing unauthorized access 9-1

primary interface for object tracking, DHCP, configuring 44-11

primary interface for static routing, configuring 44-10

primary links 22-2

primary VLANs 17-1, 17-3

priority

HSRP 42-8

overriding CoS 16-6

trusting CoS 16-6

private VLAN edge ports

See protected ports

private VLANs

across multiple switches 17-4

and SDM template 17-4

and SVIs 17-5

and switch stacks 17-5

benefits of 17-1

community ports 17-2

community VLANs 17-2, 17-3

configuration guidelines 17-7, 17-8

configuration tasks 17-6

configuring 17-10

default configuration 17-6

end station access to 17-3

IP addressing 17-3

isolated port 17-2

isolated VLANs 17-2, 17-3

mapping 17-13

monitoring 17-14

ports

community 17-2

configuration guidelines 17-8

configuring host ports 17-11

configuring promiscuous ports 17-12

described 14-4

isolated 17-2

promiscuous 17-2

primary VLANs 17-1, 17-3

promiscuous ports 17-2

secondary VLANs 17-2

subdomains 17-1

traffic in 17-5

privileged EXEC mode 2-2

privilege levels

changing the default for lines 9-9

command switch 6-17

exiting 9-9

logging into 9-9

mapping on member switches 6-17

overview 9-2, 9-7

setting a command with 9-8

promiscuous ports

configuring 17-12

defined 17-2

protected ports 1-10, 26-6

protocol-dependent modules, EIGRP 38-36

Protocol-Independent Multicast Protocol

See PIM

provider edge devices 38-75

provisioned switches and IP source guard 23-18

provisioning new members for a switch stack 5-6

proxy ARP

configuring 38-12

definition 38-10

with IP routing disabled 38-12

proxy reports 22-3

pruning, VTP

disabling

in VTP domain 15-15

on a port 14-22

enabling

in VTP domain 15-15

on a port 14-21

examples 15-6

overview 15-6

pruning-eligible list

changing 14-21

for VTP pruning 15-6

VLANs 15-15

PVST+

described 19-10

IEEE 802.1Q trunking interoperability 19-11

instances supported 19-10

Q

QoS

and MQC commands 36-1

auto-QoS

categorizing traffic 36-20

configuration and defaults display 36-29

configuration guidelines 36-25

described 36-20

disabling 36-27

displaying generated commands 36-27

displaying the initial configuration 36-29

effects on running configuration 36-25

egress queue defaults 36-21

enabling for VoIP 36-27

example configuration 36-28

ingress queue defaults 36-21

list of generated commands 36-22

basic model 36-4

classification

class maps, described 36-7

defined 36-4

DSCP transparency, described 36-40

flowchart 36-6

forwarding treatment 36-3

in frames and packets 36-3

IP ACLs, described 36-5, 36-7

MAC ACLs, described 36-5, 36-7

options for IP traffic 36-5

options for non-IP traffic 36-5

QoS

policy maps, described 36-7

trust DSCP, described 36-5

trusted CoS, described 36-5

trust IP precedence, described 36-5

class maps

configuring 36-46

displaying 36-78

configuration guidelines

auto-QoS 36-25

standard QoS 36-33

configuring

aggregate policers 36-58

auto-QoS 36-20

default port CoS value 36-38

DSCP maps 36-60

DSCP transparency 36-40

DSCP trust states bordering another domain 36-40

egress queue characteristics 36-70

ingress queue characteristics 36-66

IP extended ACLs 36-44

IP standard ACLs 36-43

MAC ACLs 36-45

policy maps, hierarchical 36-52

port trust states within the domain 36-36

trusted boundary 36-38

default auto configuration 36-20

default standard configuration 36-30

displaying statistics 36-78

DSCP transparency 36-40

egress queues

allocating buffer space 36-71

buffer allocation scheme, described 36-17

configuring shaped weights for SRR 36-74

configuring shared weights for SRR 36-76

described 36-4

displaying the threshold map 36-74

flowchart 36-17

QoS

mapping DSCP or CoS values 36-73

scheduling, described 36-4

setting WTD thresholds 36-71

WTD, described 36-18

enabling globally 36-35

flowcharts

classification 36-6

egress queueing and scheduling 36-17

ingress queueing and scheduling 36-15

policing and marking 36-10

implicit deny 36-7

ingress queues

allocating bandwidth 36-68

allocating buffer space 36-68

buffer and bandwidth allocation, described 36-16

configuring shared weights for SRR 36-68

configuring the priority queue 36-69

described 36-4

displaying the threshold map 36-67

flowchart 36-15

mapping DSCP or CoS values 36-66

priority queue, described 36-16

scheduling, described 36-4

setting WTD thresholds 36-66

WTD, described 36-16

IP phones

automatic classification and queueing 36-20

detection and trusted settings 36-20, 36-38

limiting bandwidth on egress interface 36-77

mapping tables

CoS-to-DSCP 36-60

displaying 36-78

DSCP-to-CoS 36-63

DSCP-to-DSCP-mutation 36-64

IP-precedence-to-DSCP 36-61

policed-DSCP 36-62

types of 36-12

marked-down actions 36-50, 36-55

QoS

marking, described 36-4, 36-8

overview 36-2

packet modification 36-19

policers

configuring 36-50, 36-55, 36-58

described 36-8

displaying 36-78

number of 36-34

types of 36-9

policies, attaching to an interface 36-8

policing

described 36-4, 36-8

token bucket algorithm 36-9

policy maps

characteristics of 36-48

displaying 36-79

hierarchical 36-8

hierarchical on SVIs 36-52

nonhierarchical on physical ports 36-48

QoS label, defined 36-4

queues

configuring egress characteristics 36-70

configuring ingress characteristics 36-66

high priority (expedite) 36-19, 36-77

location of 36-13

SRR, described 36-14

WTD, described 36-13

rewrites 36-19

support for 1-12

trust states

bordering another domain 36-40

described 36-5

trusted device 36-38

within the domain 36-36

quality of service

See QoS

queries, IGMP 25-4

query solicitation, IGMP 25-13

R

RADIUS

attributes

vendor-proprietary 9-37

vendor-specific 9-35

configuring

accounting 9-34

authentication 9-29

authorization 9-33

communication, global 9-27, 9-35

communication, per-server 9-27

multiple UDP ports 9-27

default configuration 9-27

defining AAA server groups 9-31

displaying the configuration 9-39

identifying the server 9-27

in clusters 6-16

limiting the services to the user 9-33

method list, defined 9-26

operation of 9-19

overview 9-18

server load balancing 9-39

suggested network environments 9-18

support for 1-11

tracking services accessed by user 9-34

RADIUS Change of Authorization 9-19

range

macro 12-14

of interfaces 12-13

rapid convergence 20-10

rapid per-VLAN spanning-tree plus

See rapid PVST+

rapid PVST+

described 19-10

IEEE 802.1Q trunking interoperability 19-11

instances supported 19-10

Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol

See RSTP

RARP 38-10

rcommand command 6-16

RCP

configuration files

downloading C-17

overview C-15

preparing the server C-16

uploading C-18

image files

deleting old image C-36

downloading C-35

preparing the server C-34

uploading C-36

reachability, tracking IP SLAs IP host 44-9

readiness check

port-based authentication

configuring 10-35

described 10-15, 10-35

reconfirmation interval, VMPS, changing 14-30

reconfirming dynamic VLAN membership 14-30

recovery procedures 49-1

redirect URL 10-18, 10-58

redundancy

EtherChannel 37-3

HSRP 42-1

STP

backbone 19-8

multidrop backbone 21-5

path cost 14-25

port priority 14-23

redundant links and UplinkFast 21-15

redundant power system

See Cisco Redundant Power System 2300

reliable transport protocol, EIGRP 38-36

reloading software 3-21

Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service

See RADIUS

Remote Copy Protocol

See RCP

Remote Network Monitoring

See RMON

Remote SPAN

See RSPAN

remote SPAN 30-3

report suppression, IGMP

described 25-6

disabling 25-16, 40-11

resequencing ACL entries 35-15

reserved addresses in DHCP pools 23-27

resets, in BGP 38-51

resetting a UDLD-shutdown interface 29-6

responder, IP SLAs

described 43-4

enabling 43-8

response time, measuring with IP SLAs 43-4

restricted VLAN

configuring 10-49

described 10-21

using with IEEE 802.1x 10-21

restricting access

NTP services 7-8

overview 9-1

passwords and privilege levels 9-2

RADIUS 9-17

TACACS+ 9-10

retry count, VMPS, changing 14-30

reverse address resolution 38-9

Reverse Address Resolution Protocol

See RARP

RFC

1058, RIP 38-20

1112, IP multicast and IGMP 25-2

1157, SNMPv1 33-2

1163, BGP 38-43

1166, IP addresses 38-7

1253, OSPF 38-25

1267, BGP 38-43

1305, NTP 7-2

RFC

1587, NSSAs 38-25

1757, RMON 31-2

1771, BGP 38-43

1901, SNMPv2C 33-2

1902 to 1907, SNMPv2 33-2

2236, IP multicast and IGMP 25-2

2273-2275, SNMPv3 33-2

RFC 5176 Compliance 9-20

RIP

advertisements 38-20

authentication 38-23

configuring 38-21

default configuration 38-20

described 38-20

for IPv6 39-6

hop counts 38-20

split horizon 38-23

summary addresses 38-23

support for 1-13

RMON

default configuration 31-3

displaying status 31-6

enabling alarms and events 31-3

groups supported 31-2

overview 31-1

statistics

collecting group Ethernet 31-5

collecting group history 31-5

support for 1-15

root guard

described 21-10

enabling 21-18

support for 1-8

root switch

MSTP 20-17

STP 19-16

route calculation timers, OSPF 38-32

route dampening, BGP 38-62

routed packets, ACLs on 35-40

routed ports

configuring 38-5

defined 12-4

in switch clusters 6-8

IP addresses on 12-26, 38-5

route-map command 38-100

route maps

BGP 38-54

policy-based routing 38-97

router ACLs

defined 35-2

types of 35-4

route reflectors, BGP 38-61

router ID, OSPF 38-34

route selection, BGP 38-52

route summarization, OSPF 38-32

route targets, VPN 38-77

routing

default 38-3

dynamic 38-3

redistribution of information 38-93

static 38-3

routing domain confederation, BGP 38-61

Routing Information Protocol

See RIP

routing protocol administrative distances 38-92

RPS

See Cisco Redundant Power System 2300

RPS 2300

See Cisco Redundant Power System 2300

RSPAN

and stack changes 30-10

characteristics 30-9

configuration guidelines 30-17

default configuration 30-11

defined 30-3

destination ports 30-8

displaying status 30-25

in a switch stack 30-2

interaction with other features 30-9

monitored ports 30-6

monitoring ports 30-8

overview 1-15, 30-1

received traffic 30-5

session limits 30-11

sessions

creating 30-18

defined 30-4

limiting source traffic to specific VLANs 30-24

specifying monitored ports 30-18

with ingress traffic enabled 30-22

source ports 30-6

transmitted traffic 30-6

VLAN-based 30-7

RSTP

active topology 20-10

BPDU

format 20-12

processing 20-13

designated port, defined 20-9

designated switch, defined 20-9

interoperability with IEEE 802.1D

described 20-9

restarting migration process 20-26

topology changes 20-13

overview 20-9

port roles

described 20-9

synchronized 20-11

proposal-agreement handshake process 20-10

rapid convergence

cross-stack rapid convergence 20-11

described 20-10

edge ports and Port Fast 20-10

point-to-point links 20-10, 20-24

root ports 20-10

root port, defined 20-9

See also MSTP

running configuration

replacing C-19, C-20

rolling back C-19, C-20

running configuration, saving 3-15

S

SC (standby command switch) 6-10

scheduled reloads 3-21

scheduling, IP SLAs operations 43-5

SCP

and SSH 9-56

configuring 9-56

SDM

switch stack consideration 5-9

templates

configuring 8-6

number of 8-1

SDM mismatch mode 5-9, 8-4

SDM template 41-4

aggregator 8-1

configuration guidelines 8-5

configuring 8-4

desktop 8-1

dual IPv4 and IPv6 8-2

types of 8-1

secondary VLANs 17-2

Secure Copy Protocol

secure HTTP client

configuring 9-55

displaying 9-55

secure HTTP server

configuring 9-53

displaying 9-55

secure MAC addresses

and switch stacks 26-18

deleting 26-16

maximum number of 26-10

types of 26-9

secure ports

and switch stacks 26-18

configuring 26-9

secure remote connections 9-45

Secure Shell

See SSH

Secure Socket Layer

See SSL

security, port 26-8

security features 1-9

See SCP

sequence numbers in log messages 32-8

server mode, VTP 15-3

service-provider network, MSTP and RSTP 20-1

service-provider networks

and customer VLANs 18-2

and IEEE 802.1Q tunneling 18-1

Layer 2 protocols across 18-8

Layer 2 protocol tunneling for EtherChannels 18-9

set-request operation 33-4

setup program

failed command switch replacement 49-11

replacing failed command switch 49-9

severity levels, defining in system messages 32-9

SFPs

monitoring status of 12-32, 49-14

numbering of 12-12

security and identification 49-13

status, displaying 49-14

shaped round robin

See SRR

Shell functions

See Auto Smartports macros

Shell triggers

See Auto Smartports macros

show access-lists hw-summary command 35-22

show and more command output, filtering 2-10

show cdp traffic command 27-5

show cluster members command 6-16

show configuration command 12-24

show forward command 49-22

show interfaces command 12-19, 12-24

show interfaces switchport 22-4

show l2protocol command 18-13, 18-15, 18-16

show lldp traffic command 28-11

show platform forward command 49-22

show running-config command

displaying ACLs 35-20, 35-21, 35-32, 35-35

interface description in 12-24

shutdown command on interfaces 12-32

shutdown threshold for Layer 2 protocol packets 18-11

Simple Network Management Protocol

See SNMP

small form-factor pluggable modules

See SFPs

small-frame arrival rate, configuring 26-5

Smartports macros

applying Cisco-default macros 13-18

applying global parameter values 13-18, 13-19

configuration guidelines 13-17

default configuration 13-17

defined 13-1

displaying 13-20

tracing 13-17

SNAP 27-1

SNMP

accessing MIB variables with 33-4

agent

described 33-4

disabling 33-7

and IP SLAs 43-2

authentication level 33-10

community strings

configuring 33-8

for cluster switches 33-4

overview 33-4

configuration examples 33-17

default configuration 33-6

engine ID 33-7

groups 33-7, 33-9

host 33-7

ifIndex values 33-5

in-band management 1-7

in clusters 6-14

informs

and trap keyword 33-11

described 33-5

differences from traps 33-5

disabling 33-15

enabling 33-15

limiting access by TFTP servers 33-16

limiting system log messages to NMS 32-10

manager functions 1-5, 33-3

managing clusters with 6-17

MIBs

location of B-3

supported B-1

notifications 33-5

overview 33-1, 33-4

security levels 33-3

setting CPU threshold notification 33-15

status, displaying 33-18

system contact and location 33-16

trap manager, configuring 33-13

traps

described 33-3, 33-5

differences from informs 33-5

disabling 33-15

enabling 33-11

enabling MAC address notification 7-22, 7-24, 7-25

overview 33-1, 33-4

types of 33-12

users 33-7, 33-9

versions supported 33-2

SNMP and Syslog Over IPv6 39-7

SNMPv1 33-2

SNMPv2C 33-2

SNMPv3 33-2

snooping, IGMP 25-2

software compatibility

See stacks, switch

software images

location in flash C-24

recovery procedures 49-2

scheduling reloads 3-21

tar file format, described C-24

See also downloading and uploading

source addresses

in IPv4 ACLs 35-12

in IPv6 ACLs 41-5

source-and-destination-IP address based forwarding, EtherChannel 37-9

source-and-destination MAC address forwarding, EtherChannel 37-9

source-IP address based forwarding, EtherChannel 37-9

source-MAC address forwarding, EtherChannel 37-8

Source-specific multicast

See SSM

SPAN

and stack changes 30-10

configuration guidelines 30-11

default configuration 30-11

destination ports 30-8

displaying status 30-25

interaction with other features 30-9

monitored ports 30-6

monitoring ports 30-8

overview 1-15, 30-1

ports, restrictions 26-12

received traffic 30-5

session limits 30-11

sessions

configuring ingress forwarding 30-16, 30-23

creating 30-12

defined 30-4

limiting source traffic to specific VLANs 30-16

removing destination (monitoring) ports 30-14

specifying monitored ports 30-12

with ingress traffic enabled 30-15

source ports 30-6

transmitted traffic 30-6

VLAN-based 30-7

spanning tree and native VLANs 14-17

Spanning Tree Protocol

See STP

SPAN traffic 30-5

split horizon, RIP 38-23

SRR

configuring

shaped weights on egress queues 36-74

shared weights on egress queues 36-76

shared weights on ingress queues 36-68

described 36-14

shaped mode 36-14

shared mode 36-14

support for 1-13

SSH

configuring 9-46

cryptographic software image 9-44

described 1-7, 9-45

encryption methods 9-45

switch stack considerations 5-15, 9-45

user authentication methods, supported 9-46

SSL

configuration guidelines 9-52

configuring a secure HTTP client 9-55

configuring a secure HTTP server 9-53

cryptographic software image 9-49

described 9-49

monitoring 9-55

SSM

address management restrictions 46-16

CGMP limitations 46-16

components 46-14

configuration guidelines 46-15

configuring 46-14, 46-16

differs from Internet standard multicast 46-14

IGMP snooping 46-16

IGMPv3 46-14

IGMPv3 Host Signalling 46-15

IP address range 46-15

monitoring 46-16

operations 46-15

PIM 46-14

state maintenance limitations 46-16

SSM mapping 46-17

configuration guidelines 46-17

configuring 46-17, 46-19

DNS-based 46-18, 46-20

monitoring 46-21

overview 46-18

restrictions 46-18

static 46-18, 46-20

static traffic forwarding 46-21

stack, switch

MAC address of 5-5, 5-18

stack changes

effects on

IPv6 routing 39-9

stack changes, effects on

802.1x port-based authentication 10-11

ACL configuration 35-7

CDP 27-2

cross-stack EtherChannel 37-13

EtherChannel 37-10

fallback bridging 48-3

HSRP 42-5

IGMP snooping 25-6

IP routing 38-4

IPv6 ACLs 41-3

MAC address tables 7-21

MSTP 20-8

multicast routing 46-10

MVR 25-18

port security 26-18

SDM template selection 8-3

SNMP 33-1

SPAN and RSPAN 30-10

STP 19-12

switch clusters 6-14

system message log 32-2

VLANs 14-6

VTP 15-7

stack master

bridge ID (MAC address) 5-5

defined 5-1

election 5-4

IPv6 39-9

See also stacks, switch

stack member

accessing CLI of specific member 5-23

configuring

member number 5-21

priority value 5-21

defined 5-1

displaying information of 5-23

IPv6 39-10

number 5-5

priority value 5-6

provisioning a new member 5-22

replacing 5-14

See also stacks, switch

stack member number 12-11

stack protocol version 5-9

stacks, switch

accessing CLI of specific member 5-23

assigning information

member number 5-21

priority value 5-21

provisioning a new member 5-22

auto-advise 5-11

auto-copy 5-10

auto-extract 5-11

auto-upgrade 5-10

benefits 1-2

bridge ID 5-5

CDP considerations 27-2

compatibility, software 5-9

configuration file 5-14

configuration scenarios 5-16

copying an image file from one member to another C-37

default configuration 5-18

description of 5-1

displaying information of 5-23

enabling persistent MAC address timer 5-18

hardware compatibility and SDM mismatch mode 5-9

HSRP considerations 42-5

in clusters 6-14

incompatible software and image upgrades 5-13, C-37

IPv6 on 39-9

MAC address considerations 7-21

management connectivity 5-15

managing 5-1

membership 5-3

merged 5-3

MSTP instances supported 19-10

multicast routing, stack master and member roles 46-9

offline configuration

described 5-6

effects of adding a provisioned switch 5-7

effects of removing a provisioned switch 5-9

effects of replacing a provisioned switch 5-9

provisioned configuration, defined 5-6

provisioned switch, defined 5-6

provisioning a new member 5-22

partitioned 5-3, 49-8

provisioned switch

adding 5-7

removing 5-9

replacing 5-9

replacing a failed member 5-14

software compatibility 5-9

software image version 5-9

stack protocol version 5-9

STP

bridge ID 19-3

instances supported 19-10

root port selection 19-3

stack root switch election 19-3

system messages

hostnames in the display 32-1

remotely monitoring 32-2

system prompt consideration 7-14

system-wide configuration considerations 5-14

upgrading C-37

version-mismatch (VM) mode

automatic upgrades with auto-upgrade 5-10

examples 5-11

manual upgrades with auto-advise 5-11

upgrades with auto-extract 5-11

version-mismatch mode

described 5-10

See also stack master and stack member

StackWise technology, Cisco 1-3

See also stacks, switch

standby command switch

configuring

considerations 6-11

defined 6-2

priority 6-10

requirements 6-3

virtual IP address 6-11

See also cluster standby group and HSRP

standby group, cluster

See cluster standby group and HSRP

standby ip command 42-6

standby links 22-2

standby router 42-1

standby timers, HSRP 42-11

startup configuration

booting

manually 3-18

specific image 3-19

clearing C-19

configuration file

automatically downloading 3-17

specifying the filename 3-17

default boot configuration 3-17

static access ports

assigning to VLAN 14-10

defined 12-3, 14-3

static addresses

See addresses

static IP routing 1-14

static MAC addressing 1-10

static route primary interface,configuring 44-10

static routes

configuring 38-91

configuring for IPv6 39-19

understanding 39-6

static routing 38-3

static routing support, enhanced object tracking 44-10

static SSM mapping 46-18, 46-20

static traffic forwarding 46-21

static VLAN membership 14-2

statistics

802.1X 11-17

802.1x 10-63

CDP 27-5

interface 12-31

IP multicast routing 46-62

LLDP 28-10

LLDP-MED 28-10

NMSP 28-10

OSPF 38-34

QoS ingress and egress 36-78

RMON group Ethernet 31-5

RMON group history 31-5

SNMP input and output 33-18

VTP 15-17

sticky learning 26-9

storm control

configuring 26-3

described 26-1

disabling 26-5

displaying 26-19

support for 1-4

thresholds 26-1

STP

accelerating root port selection 21-4

BackboneFast

described 21-7

disabling 21-17

enabling 21-16

BPDU filtering

described 21-3

disabling 21-15

enabling 21-14

BPDU guard

described 21-2

disabling 21-14

enabling 21-13

BPDU message exchange 19-3

configuration guidelines 19-13, 21-12

configuring

forward-delay time 19-23

hello time 19-22

maximum aging time 19-23

path cost 19-20

port priority 19-18

root switch 19-16

secondary root switch 19-18

spanning-tree mode 19-15

switch priority 19-21

transmit hold-count 19-24

counters, clearing 19-24

cross-stack UplinkFast

described 21-5

enabling 21-16

default configuration 19-13

default optional feature configuration 21-12

designated port, defined 19-4

designated switch, defined 19-4

detecting indirect link failures 21-8

disabling 19-16

displaying status 19-24

STP

EtherChannel guard

described 21-10

disabling 21-17

enabling 21-17

extended system ID

effects on root switch 19-16

effects on the secondary root switch 19-18

overview 19-4

unexpected behavior 19-16

features supported 1-8

IEEE 802.1D and bridge ID 19-4

IEEE 802.1D and multicast addresses 19-9

IEEE 802.1t and VLAN identifier 19-5

inferior BPDU 19-3

instances supported 19-10

interface state, blocking to forwarding 21-2

interface states

blocking 19-6

disabled 19-7

forwarding 19-6, 19-7

learning 19-7

listening 19-7

overview 19-5

interoperability and compatibility among modes 19-11

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 18-8

limitations with IEEE 802.1Q trunks 19-11

load sharing

overview 14-22

using path costs 14-25

using port priorities 14-23

loop guard

described 21-11

enabling 21-18

modes supported 19-10

multicast addresses, effect of 19-9

optional features supported 1-8

overview 19-2

STP

path costs 14-25

Port Fast

described 21-2

enabling 21-12

port priorities 14-24

preventing root switch selection 21-10

protocols supported 19-10

redundant connectivity 19-8

root guard

described 21-10

enabling 21-18

root port, defined 19-3

root port selection on a switch stack 19-3

root switch

configuring 19-16

effects of extended system ID 19-4, 19-16

election 19-3

unexpected behavior 19-16

shutdown Port Fast-enabled port 21-2

stack changes, effects of 19-12

status, displaying 19-24

superior BPDU 19-3

timers, described 19-22

UplinkFast

described 21-3

enabling 21-15

VLAN-bridge 19-11

stratum, NTP 7-2

stub areas, OSPF 38-30

stub routing, EIGRP 38-42

subdomains, private VLAN 17-1

subnet mask 38-7

subnet zero 38-7

success response, VMPS 14-27

summer time 7-13

SunNet Manager 1-5

supernet 38-8

supported port-based authentication methods 10-7

Smartports macros

See also Auto Smartports macros

SVI autostate exclude

configuring 12-27

defined 12-6

SVI link state 12-6

SVIs

and IP unicast routing 38-5

and router ACLs 35-4

connecting VLANs 12-10

defined 12-5

routing between VLANs 14-2

switch 39-2

switch clustering technology 6-1

See also clusters, switch

switch console port 1-7

Switch Database Management

See SDM

switched packets, ACLs on 35-39

Switched Port Analyzer

See SPAN

switched ports 12-2

switchport backup interface 22-4, 22-5

switchport block multicast command 26-8

switchport block unicast command 26-8

switchport command 12-16

switchport mode dot1q-tunnel command 18-6

switchport protected command 26-7

switch priority

MSTP 20-22

STP 19-21

switch software features 1-1

switch stacks

Catalyst 3750G wireless LAN controller switch A-2

switch virtual interface

See SVI

synchronization, BGP 38-48

syslog

See system message logging

system capabilities TLV 28-2

system clock

configuring

daylight saving time 7-13

manually 7-11

summer time 7-13

time zones 7-12

displaying the time and date 7-12

overview 7-1

See also NTP

system description TLV 28-2

system message logging

default configuration 32-4

defining error message severity levels 32-9

disabling 32-4

displaying the configuration 32-14

enabling 32-5

facility keywords, described 32-14

level keywords, described 32-10

limiting messages 32-10

message format 32-2

overview 32-1

sequence numbers, enabling and disabling 32-8

setting the display destination device 32-5

stack changes, effects of 32-2

synchronizing log messages 32-6

syslog facility 1-15

time stamps, enabling and disabling 32-8

UNIX syslog servers

configuring the daemon 32-13

configuring the logging facility 32-13

facilities supported 32-14

system MTU

and IS-IS LSPs 38-69

system MTU and IEEE 802.1Q tunneling 18-5

system name

default configuration 7-15

default setting 7-15

manual configuration 7-15

See also DNS

system name TLV 28-2

system prompt, default setting 7-14, 7-15

system resources, optimizing 8-1

system routing

IS-IS 38-65

ISO IGRP 38-65

T

TACACS+

accounting, defined 9-11

authentication, defined 9-11

authorization, defined 9-11

configuring

accounting 9-17

authentication key 9-13

authorization 9-16

login authentication 9-14

default configuration 9-13

displaying the configuration 9-17

</