Catalyst 3560 Software Configuration Guide, Release 12.2(52)SE
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Index

Table Of Contents

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X -

Index

A

AAA down policy, NAC Layer 2 IP validation 11

abbreviating commands 4

ABRs 24

AC (command switch) 10

access-class command 19

access control entries

See ACEs

access control entry (ACE) 3

access-denied response, VMPS 26

access groups

applying IPv4 ACLs to interfaces 20

Layer 2 20

Layer 3 20

accessing

clusters, switch 13

command switches 11

member switches 13

switch clusters 13

access lists

See ACLs

access ports

and Layer 2 protocol tunneling 11

defined 3

in switch clusters 9

access template 1

accounting

with 802.1x 46

with IEEE 802.1x 14

with RADIUS 33

with TACACS+ 11, 17

ACEs

and QoS 7

defined 2

Ethernet 2

IP 2

ACLs

ACEs 2

any keyword 12

applying

on bridged packets 38

on multicast packets 40

on routed packets 39

on switched packets 38

time ranges to 16

to an interface 19, 7

to IPv6 interfaces 7

to QoS 7

classifying traffic for QoS 43

comments in 18

compiling 22

defined 1, 7

examples of 22, 43

extended IP, configuring for QoS classification 44

extended IPv4

creating 10

matching criteria 7

hardware and software handling 21

host keyword 12

IP

creating 7

fragments and QoS guidelines 33

implicit deny 9, 13, 15

implicit masks 9

matching criteria 7

undefined 20

IPv4

applying to interfaces 19

creating 7

matching criteria 7

named 14

numbers 8

terminal lines, setting on 18

unsupported features 7

IPv6

applying to interfaces 7

configuring 3, 4

displaying 8

interactions with other features 4

limitations 3

matching criteria 3

named 3

precedence of 2

supported 2

unsupported features 3

Layer 4 information in 37

logging messages 8

MAC extended 27, 45

matching 7, 20, 3

monitoring 40, 8

named, IPv4 14

named, IPv6 3

names 4

number per QoS class map 33

port 2, 1

precedence of 2

QoS 7, 43

resequencing entries 14

router 2, 1

router ACLs and VLAN map configuration guidelines 37

standard IP, configuring for QoS classification 43

standard IPv4

creating 9

matching criteria 7

support for 9

support in hardware 21

time ranges 16

types supported 2

unsupported features, IPv4 7

unsupported features, IPv6 3

using router ACLs with VLAN maps 36

VLAN maps

configuration guidelines 30

configuring 29

active link 4, 5, 6

active links 2

active router 1

active traffic monitoring, IP SLAs 1

address aliasing 2

addresses

displaying the MAC address table 30

dynamic

accelerated aging 8

changing the aging time 21

default aging 8

defined 19

learning 20

removing 22

IPv6 2

MAC, discovering 30

multicast

group address range 3

STP address management 8

static

adding and removing 26

defined 19

address resolution 30, 8

Address Resolution Protocol

See ARP

adjacency tables, with CEF 86

administrative distances

defined 99

OSPF 30

routing protocol defaults 88

advertisements

CDP 1

LLDP 1, 2

RIP 19

VTP 18, 3, 4

aggregatable global unicast addresses 3

aggregate addresses, BGP 57

aggregated ports

See EtherChannel

aggregate policers 58

aggregate policing 12

aging, accelerating 8

aging time

accelerated

for MSTP 23

for STP 8, 21

MAC address table 21

maximum

for MSTP 23, 24

for STP 21, 22

alarms, RMON 3

allowed-VLAN list 20

application engines, redirecting traffic to 1

area border routers

See ABRs

area routing

IS-IS 61

ISO IGRP 61

ARP

configuring 9

defined 5, 30, 8

encapsulation 10

static cache configuration 9

table

address resolution 30

managing 30

ASBRs 24

AS-path filters, BGP 51

asymmetrical links, and IEEE 802.1Q tunneling 4

attributes, RADIUS

vendor-proprietary 36

vendor-specific 34

attribute-value pairs 12, 14, 18

authentication

EIGRP 38

HSRP 10

local mode with AAA 43

NTP associations 4

open1x 27

RADIUS

key 26

login 28

TACACS+

defined 11

key 13

login 14

See also port-based authentication

authentication compatibility with Catalyst 6000 switches 8

authentication failed VLAN

See restricted VLAN

authentication keys, and routing protocols 99

authentication manager

CLI commands 9

compatibility with older 802.1x CLI commands9to ??

overview 7

authoritative time source, described 2

authorization

with RADIUS 32

with TACACS+ 11, 16

authorized ports with IEEE 802.1x 10

autoconfiguration 3

auto enablement 28

automatic discovery

considerations

beyond a noncandidate device 7

brand new switches 9

connectivity 4

different VLANs 6

management VLANs 7

non-CDP-capable devices 6

noncluster-capable devices 6

routed ports 8

in switch clusters 4

See also CDP

automatic QoS

See QoS

automatic recovery, clusters 10

See also HSRP

auto-MDIX

configuring 21

described 20

autonegotiation

duplex mode 3

interface configuration guidelines 18

mismatches 11

autonomous system boundary routers

See ASBRs

autonomous systems, in BGP 45

Auto-RP, described 6

autosensing, port speed 3

Auto Smartports macros

built-in macros 3, 9

Cisco Medianet 2

configuration guidelines 4

default configuration 3

defined 1

displaying 19

enabling 5, 8

event triggers 12

IOS shell 1, 15

LLDP 1

mapping 9

user-defined macros 15

autostate exclude 6

Auto Smartports macros

See also Smartports macros

auxiliary VLAN

See voice VLAN

availability, features 7

B

BackboneFast

described 5

disabling 14

enabling 13

support for 7

backup interfaces

See Flex Links

backup links 2

backup static routing, configuring 12

banners

configuring

login 18

message-of-the-day login 18

default configuration 17

when displayed 17

Berkeley r-tools replacement 55

BGP

aggregate addresses 57

aggregate routes, configuring 57

CIDR 57

clear commands 60

community filtering 54

configuring neighbors 55

default configuration 42

described 41

enabling 45

monitoring 60

multipath support 49

neighbors, types of 45

path selection 49

peers, configuring 55

prefix filtering 53

resetting sessions 48

route dampening 59

route maps 51

route reflectors 58

routing domain confederation 58

routing session with multi-VRF CE 81

show commands 60

supernets 57

support for 13

Version 4 42

binding cluster group and HSRP group 12

binding database

address, DHCP server

See DHCP, Cisco IOS server database

DHCP snooping

See DHCP snooping binding database

bindings

address, Cisco IOS DHCP server 6

DHCP snooping database 6

IP source guard 15

binding table, DHCP snooping

See DHCP snooping binding database

blocking packets 7

Boolean expressions in tracked lists 4

booting

boot loader, function of 2

boot process 2

manually 17

specific image 18

boot loader

accessing 18

described 2

environment variables 18

prompt 18

trap-door mechanism 2

bootstrap router (BSR), described 7

Border Gateway Protocol

See BGP

BPDU

error-disabled state 2

filtering 3

RSTP format 12

BPDU filtering

described 3

disabling 12

enabling 12

support for 7

BPDU guard

described 2

disabling 12

enabling 11

support for 7

bridged packets, ACLs on 38

bridge groups

See fallback bridging

bridge protocol data unit

See BPDU

broadcast flooding 16

broadcast packets

directed 13

flooded 13

broadcast storm-control command 4

broadcast storms 1, 13

C

cables, monitoring for unidirectional links 1

candidate switch

automatic discovery 4

defined 3

requirements 3

See also command switch, cluster standby group, and member switch

Catalyst 6000 switches

authentication compatibility 8

CA trustpoint

configuring 51

defined 49

CDP

and trusted boundary 39

automatic discovery in switch clusters 4

configuring 2

default configuration 2

defined with LLDP 1

described 1

disabling for routing device3to 4

enabling and disabling

on an interface 4

on a switch 3

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 7

monitoring 4

overview 1

power negotiation extensions 7

support for 6

transmission timer and holdtime, setting 2

updates 2

CEF

defined 86

enabling 87

IPv6 18

CGMP

as IGMP snooping learning method 8

clearing cached group entries 61

enabling server support 44

joining multicast group 3

overview 9

server support only 9

switch support of 4

CIDR 57

CipherSuites 50

Cisco 7960 IP Phone 1

Cisco Discovery Protocol

See CDP

Cisco Express Forwarding

See CEF

Cisco Group Management Protocol

See CGMP

Cisco intelligent power management 7

Cisco IOS DHCP server

See DHCP, Cisco IOS DHCP server

Cisco IOS File System

See IFS

Cisco IOS IP SLAs 1

Cisco Medianet

See Auto Smartports macros

Cisco Redundant Power System 2300

configuring 29

managing 29

Cisco Secure ACS

attribute-value pairs for downloadable ACLs 18

attribute-value pairs for redirect URL 18

Cisco Secure ACS configuration guide 57

CiscoWorks 2000 5, 4

CISP 28

CIST regional root

See MSTP

CIST root

See MSTP

civic location 3

classless interdomain routing

See CIDR

classless routing 6

class maps for QoS

configuring 46

described 7

displaying 78

class of service

See CoS

clearing interfaces 31

CLI

abbreviating commands 4

command modes 1

configuration logging 5

described 5

editing features

enabling and disabling 7

keystroke editing 7

wrapped lines 9

error messages 5

filtering command output 9

getting help 3

history

changing the buffer size 6

described 5

disabling 6

recalling commands 6

managing clusters 14

no and default forms of commands 4

Client Information Signalling Protocol

See CISP

client mode, VTP 3

client processes, tracking 1

CLNS

See ISO CLNS

clock

See system clock

clusters, switch

accessing 13

automatic discovery 4

automatic recovery 10

benefits 2

compatibility 4

described 1

LRE profile considerations 14

managing

through CLI 14

through SNMP 15

planning 4

planning considerations

automatic discovery 4

automatic recovery 10

CLI 14

host names 13

IP addresses 13

LRE profiles 14

passwords 13

RADIUS 14

SNMP 14, 15

TACACS+ 14

See also candidate switch, command switch, cluster standby group, member switch, and standby command switch

cluster standby group

and HSRP group 12

automatic recovery 12

considerations 11

defined 2

requirements 3

virtual IP address 11

See also HSRP

CNS 5

Configuration Engine

configID, deviceID, hostname 3

configuration service 2

described 1

event service 3

embedded agents

described 5

enabling automated configuration 6

enabling configuration agent 9

enabling event agent 7

management functions 5

CoA Request Commands 23

Coarse Wave Division Multiplexer

See CWDM SFPs

command-line interface

See CLI

command modes 1

commands

abbreviating 4

no and default 4

commands, setting privilege levels 8

command switch

accessing 11

active (AC) 10

configuration conflicts 11

defined 2

passive (PC) 10

password privilege levels 15

priority 10

recovery

from command-switch failure 10, 7

from lost member connectivity 11

redundant 10

replacing

with another switch 9

with cluster member 8

requirements 3

standby (SC) 10

See also candidate switch, cluster standby group, member switch, and standby command switch

community list, BGP 54

community ports 2

community strings

configuring 14, 8

for cluster switches 4

in clusters 14

overview 4

SNMP 14

community VLANs 2, 3

compatibility, feature 12

config.text 16

configurable leave timer, IGMP 6

configuration, initial

defaults 15

Express Setup 2

configuration changes, logging 10

configuration conflicts, recovering from lost member connectivity 11

configuration examples, network 18

configuration files

archiving 19

clearing the startup configuration 18

creating using a text editor 9

default name 16

deleting a stored configuration 18

described 8

downloading

automatically 16

preparing 10, 12, 15

reasons for 8

using FTP 13

using RCP 16

using TFTP 11

guidelines for creating and using 8

guidelines for replacing and rolling back 20

invalid combinations when copying 5

limiting TFTP server access 16

obtaining with DHCP 8

password recovery disable considerations 5

replacing a running configuration 18, 19

rolling back a running configuration 18, 20

specifying the filename 16

system contact and location information 16

types and location 9

uploading

preparing 10, 12, 15

reasons for 8

using FTP 14

using RCP 17

using TFTP 11

configuration guidelines, multi-VRF CE 74

configuration logger 10

configuration logging 5

configuration replacement 18

configuration rollback 18, 19

configuration settings, saving 15

configure terminal command 11

configuring 802.1x user distribution 53

configuring port-based authentication violation modes36to 37

configuring small-frame arrival rate 5

config-vlan mode 2

conflicts, configuration 11

connections, secure remote 44

connectivity problems 13, 14, 16

consistency checks in VTP Version 2 4

console port, connecting to 10

content-routing technology

See WCCP

control protocol, IP SLAs 4

corrupted software, recovery steps with Xmodem 2

CoS

in Layer 2 frames 2

override priority 6

trust priority 6

CoS input queue threshold map for QoS 16

CoS output queue threshold map for QoS 18

CoS-to-DSCP map for QoS 60

counters, clearing interface 31

CPU utilization, troubleshooting 24

crashinfo file 23

critical authentication, IEEE 802.1x 50

critical VLAN 21

cryptographic software image

Kerberos 38

SSH 44

SSL 48

customer edge devices 72

customjzeable web pages, web-based authentication 6

CWDM SFPs 24

D

DACL

See downloadable ACL

daylight saving time 13

debugging

enabling all system diagnostics 20

enabling for a specific feature 19

redirecting error message output 20

using commands 19

default commands 4

default configuration

802.1x 31

auto-QoS 20

banners 17

BGP 42

booting 16

CDP 2

DHCP 8

DHCP option 82 8

DHCP snooping 8

DHCP snooping binding database 8

DNS 16

dynamic ARP inspection 5

EIGRP 34

EtherChannel 9

Ethernet interfaces 15

fallback bridging 3

Flex Links 8

HSRP 5

IEEE 802.1Q tunneling 4

IGMP 39

IGMP filtering 24

IGMP snooping 7, 5, 6

IGMP throttling 24

initial switch information 3

IP addressing, IP routing 4

IP multicast routing 10

IP SLAs 6

IP source guard 17

IPv6 10

IS-IS 63

Layer 2 interfaces 15

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 11

LLDP 4

MAC address table 21

MAC address-table move update 8

MSDP 4

MSTP 14

multi-VRF CE 74

MVR 19

NTP 4

optional spanning-tree configuration 9

OSPF 25

password and privilege level 2

PIM 10

private VLANs 6

RADIUS 26

RIP 19

RMON 3

RSPAN 9

SDM template 3

SNMP 6

SPAN 9

SSL 51

standard QoS 30

STP 11

system message logging 3

system name and prompt 15

TACACS+ 13

UDLD 4

VLAN, Layer 2 Ethernet interfaces 17

VLANs 7

VMPS 27

voice VLAN 3

VTP 7

WCCP 5

default gateway 14, 11

default networks 89

default router preference

See DRP

default routes 89

default routing 2

default web-based authentication configuration

802.1X 9

deleting VLANs 9

denial-of-service attack 1

description command 24

designing your network, examples 18

destination addresses

in IPv4 ACLs 11

in IPv6 ACLs 5

destination-IP address-based forwarding, EtherChannel 7

destination-MAC address forwarding, EtherChannel 7

detecting indirect link failures, STP 5

device 22

device discovery protocol 1

device manager

benefits 2

described 2, 5

in-band management 6

upgrading a switch 22

DHCP

Cisco IOS server database

configuring 13

default configuration 8

described 6

DHCP for IPv6

See DHCPv6

enabling

relay agent 10

DHCP-based autoconfiguration

client request message exchange 4

configuring

client side 3

DNS 7

relay device 8

server side 6

TFTP server 7

example 9

lease options

for IP address information 6

for receiving the configuration file 6

overview 3

relationship to BOOTP 3

relay support 5, 13

support for 5

DHCP-based autoconfiguration and image update

configuring11to 13

understanding5to 6

DHCP binding database

See DHCP snooping binding database

DHCP binding table

See DHCP snooping binding database

DHCP object tracking, configuring primary interface 11

DHCP option 82

circuit ID suboption 5

configuration guidelines 8

default configuration 8

displaying 15

forwarding address, specifying 10

helper address 10

overview 3

packet format, suboption

circuit ID 5

remote ID 5

remote ID suboption 5

DHCP server port-based address allocation

configuration guidelines 26

default configuration 25

described 25

displaying 28

enabling 26

reserved addresses 26

DHCP server port-based address assignment

support for 5

DHCP snooping

accepting untrusted packets form edge switch 3, 12

and private VLANs 13

binding database

See DHCP snooping binding database

configuration guidelines 8

default configuration 8

displaying binding tables 15

message exchange process 4

option 82 data insertion 3

trusted interface 2

untrusted interface 2

untrusted messages 2

DHCP snooping binding database

adding bindings 14

binding file

format 7

location 6

bindings 6

clearing agent statistics 14

configuration guidelines 9

configuring 14

default configuration 8

deleting

binding file 14

bindings 14

database agent 14

described 6

displaying 15

binding entries 15

status and statistics 15

enabling 14

entry 6

renewing database 14

resetting

delay value 14

timeout value 14

DHCP snooping binding table

See DHCP snooping binding database

DHCPv6

configuration guidelines 14

default configuration 14

described 6

enabling client function 17

enabling DHCPv6 server function 15

support for 13

Differentiated Services architecture, QoS 2

Differentiated Services Code Point 2

Diffusing Update Algorithm (DUAL) 33

directed unicast requests 5

directories

changing 3

creating and removing 4

displaying the working 3

discovery, clusters

See automatic discovery

Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol

See DVMRP

distance-vector protocols 3

distribute-list command 98

DNS

and DHCP-based autoconfiguration 7

default configuration 16

displaying the configuration 17

in IPv6 4

overview 15

setting up 16

support for 5

DNS-based SSM mapping 18, 20

domain names

DNS 15

VTP 8

Domain Name System

See DNS

domains, ISO IGRP routing 61

dot1q-tunnel switchport mode 16

double-tagged packets

IEEE 802.1Q tunneling 2

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 10

downloadable ACL 18, 57

downloading

configuration files

preparing 10, 12, 15

reasons for 8

using FTP 13

using RCP 16

using TFTP 11

image files

deleting old image 27

preparing 25, 28, 33

reasons for 22

using CMS 2

using FTP 29

using HTTP 2, 22

using RCP 34

using TFTP 25

using the device manager or Network Assistant 22

drop threshold for Layer 2 protocol packets 11

DRP

configuring 12

described 4

IPv6 4

support for 13

DSCP 12, 2

DSCP input queue threshold map for QoS 16

DSCP output queue threshold map for QoS 18

DSCP-to-CoS map for QoS 63

DSCP-to-DSCP-mutation map for QoS 64

DSCP transparency 40

DTP 8, 15

dual-action detection 5

DUAL finite state machine, EIGRP 34

dual IPv4 and IPv6 templates 2, 5, 6

dual protocol stacks

IPv4 and IPv6 5

SDM templates supporting 6

dual-purpose uplinks

defined 6

LEDs 6

link selection 6, 16

setting the type 16

DVMRP

autosummarization

configuring a summary address 58

disabling 60

connecting PIM domain to DVMRP router 51

enabling unicast routing 54

interoperability

with Cisco devices 49

with Cisco IOS software 9

mrinfo requests, responding to 53

neighbors

advertising the default route to 52

discovery with Probe messages 49

displaying information 53

prevent peering with nonpruning 56

rejecting nonpruning 55

overview 9

routes

adding a metric offset 60

advertising all 60

advertising the default route to neighbors 52

caching DVMRP routes learned in report messages 54

changing the threshold for syslog messages 57

deleting 61

displaying 62

favoring one over another 60

limiting the number injected into MBONE 57

limiting unicast route advertisements 49

routing table 9

source distribution tree, building 9

support for 13

tunnels

configuring 51

displaying neighbor information 53

dynamic access ports

characteristics 3

configuring 28

defined 3

dynamic addresses

See addresses

dynamic ARP inspection

ARP cache poisoning 1

ARP requests, described 1

ARP spoofing attack 1

clearing

log buffer 15

statistics 14

configuration guidelines 6

configuring

ACLs for non-DHCP environments 8

in DHCP environments 7

log buffer 13

rate limit for incoming ARP packets 4, 10

default configuration 5

denial-of-service attacks, preventing 10

described 1

DHCP snooping binding database 2

displaying

ARP ACLs 14

configuration and operating state 14

log buffer 15

statistics 14

trust state and rate limit 14

error-disabled state for exceeding rate limit 4

function of 2

interface trust states 3

log buffer

clearing 15

configuring 13

displaying 15

logging of dropped packets, described 4

man-in-the middle attack, described 2

network security issues and interface trust states 3

priority of ARP ACLs and DHCP snooping entries 4

rate limiting of ARP packets

configuring 10

described 4

error-disabled state 4

statistics

clearing 14

displaying 14

validation checks, performing 12

dynamic auto trunking mode 16

dynamic desirable trunking mode 16

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

See DHCP-based autoconfiguration

dynamic port VLAN membership

described 26

reconfirming 29

troubleshooting 31

types of connections 28

dynamic routing 3

ISO CLNS 61

Dynamic Trunking Protocol

See DTP

E

EBGP 41

editing features

enabling and disabling 7

keystrokes used 7

wrapped lines 9

EEM 3.2 5

EIGRP

authentication 38

components 33

configuring 36

default configuration 34

definition 33

interface parameters, configuring 37

monitoring 40

stub routing 39

ELIN location 3

embedded event manager

3.2 5

actions 4

configuring 1, 5

displaying information 7

environmental variables 4

event detectors 2

policies 4

registering and defining an applet 6

registering and defining a TCL script 6

understanding 1

enable password 3

enable secret password 3

encryption, CipherSuite 50

encryption for passwords 3

Enhanced IGRP

See EIGRP

enhanced object tracking

backup static routing 12

commands 1

defined 1

DHCP primary interface 11

HSRP 7

IP routing state 2

IP SLAs 9

line-protocol state 2

network monitoring with IP SLAs 11

routing policy, configuring 12

static route primary interface 10

tracked lists 3

enhanced object tracking static routing 10

environmental variables, embedded event manager 4

environment variables, function of 19

equal-cost routing 13, 87

error-disabled state, BPDU 2

error messages during command entry 5

EtherChannel

automatic creation of 4, 5

channel groups

binding physical and logical interfaces 3

numbering of 3

configuration guidelines 9

configuring

Layer 2 interfaces 10

Layer 3 physical interfaces 13

Layer 3 port-channel logical interfaces 12

default configuration 9

described 2

displaying status 19

forwarding methods 7, 15

IEEE 802.3ad, described 5

interaction

with STP 10

with VLANs 10

LACP

described 5

displaying status 19

hot-standby ports 17

interaction with other features 6

modes 6

port priority 18

system priority 18

Layer 3 interface 3

load balancing 7, 15

logical interfaces, described 3

PAgP

aggregate-port learners 16

compatibility with Catalyst 1900 16

described 4

displaying status 19

interaction with other features 5

interaction with virtual switches 5

learn method and priority configuration 16

modes 4

support for 3

with dual-action detection 5

port-channel interfaces

described 3

numbering of 3

port groups 6

support for 3

EtherChannel guard

described 7

disabling 14

enabling 14

Ethernet VLANs

adding 8

defaults and ranges 7

modifying 8

EUI 3

event detectors, embedded event manager 2

events, RMON 3

examples

network configuration 18

expedite queue for QoS 77

Express Setup 2

See also getting started guide

extended crashinfo file 23

extended-range VLANs

configuration guidelines 11

configuring 10

creating 12

creating with an internal VLAN ID 13

defined 1

extended system ID

MSTP 17

STP 4, 14

extended universal identifier

See EUI

Extensible Authentication Protocol over LAN 1

external BGP

See EBGP

external neighbors, BGP 45

F

fa0 interface 6

fallback bridging

and protected ports 3

bridge groups

creating 3

described 1

displaying 10

function of 2

number supported 4

removing 4

bridge table

clearing 10

displaying 10

configuration guidelines 3

connecting interfaces with 10

default configuration 3

described 1

frame forwarding

flooding packets 2

forwarding packets 2

overview 1

protocol, unsupported 3

STP

disabling on an interface 9

forward-delay interval 8

hello BPDU interval 7

interface priority 6

maximum-idle interval 8

path cost 6

VLAN-bridge spanning-tree priority 5

VLAN-bridge STP 2

support for 13

SVIs and routed ports 1

unsupported protocols 3

VLAN-bridge STP 10

Fast Convergence 3

features, incompatible 12

FIB 86

fiber-optic, detecting unidirectional links 1

files

basic crashinfo

description 23

location 23

copying 4

crashinfo, description 23

deleting 5

displaying the contents of 7

extended crashinfo

description 23

location 23

tar

creating 6

displaying the contents of 6

extracting 7

image file format 23

file system

displaying available file systems 2

displaying file information 3

local file system names 1

network file system names 4

setting the default 3

filtering

in a VLAN 29

IPv6 traffic 3, 7

non-IP traffic 27

show and more command output 9

filtering show and more command output 9

filters, IP

See ACLs, IP

flash device, number of 1

flexible authentication ordering

configuring 60

overview 27

Flex Link Multicast Fast Convergence 3

Flex Links

configuration guidelines 8

configuring 9

configuring preferred VLAN 12

configuring VLAN load balancing 11

default configuration 8

description 1

link load balancing 2

monitoring 14

VLANs 2

flooded traffic, blocking 8

flow-based packet classification 12

flowcharts

QoS classification 6

QoS egress queueing and scheduling 17

QoS ingress queueing and scheduling 15

QoS policing and marking 10

flowcontrol

configuring 20

described 19

forward-delay time

MSTP 23

STP 21

Forwarding Information Base

See FIB

forwarding nonroutable protocols 1

FTP

accessing MIB files 3

configuration files

downloading 13

overview 12

preparing the server 12

uploading 14

image files

deleting old image 31

downloading 29

preparing the server 28

uploading 31

G

general query 5

Generating IGMP Reports 3

get-bulk-request operation 3

get-next-request operation 3, 4

get-request operation 3, 4

get-response operation 3

global configuration mode 2

global leave, IGMP 13

guest VLAN and 802.1x 19

guide mode 2

GUIs

See device manager and Network Assistant

H

hardware limitations and Layer 3 interfaces 25

hello time

MSTP 22

STP 20

help, for the command line 3

hierarchical policy maps 8

configuration guidelines 33

configuring 52

described 11

history

changing the buffer size 6

described 5

disabling 6

recalling commands 6

history table, level and number of syslog messages 10

host names, in clusters 13

host ports

configuring 11

kinds of 2

hosts, limit on dynamic ports 31

Hot Standby Router Protocol

See HSRP

HP OpenView 5

HSRP

authentication string 10

automatic cluster recovery 12

binding to cluster group 12

cluster standby group considerations 11

command-switch redundancy 1, 7

configuring 4

default configuration 5

definition 1

guidelines 5

monitoring 13

object tracking 7

overview 1

priority 7

routing redundancy 13

support for ICMP redirect messages 12

timers 10

tracking 8

See also clusters, cluster standby group, and standby command switch

HSRP for IPv6

configuring 24

guidelines 23

HTTP over SSL

see HTTPS

HTTPS 49

configuring 52

self-signed certificate 49

HTTP secure server 49

I

IBPG 41

ICMP

IPv6 4

redirect messages 11

support for 13

time-exceeded messages 16

traceroute and 16

unreachable messages 19

unreachable messages and IPv6 4

unreachables and ACLs 21

ICMP Echo operation

configuring 12

IP SLAs 11

ICMP ping

executing 13

overview 13

ICMP Router Discovery Protocol

See IRDP

ICMPv6 4

IDS appliances

and ingress RSPAN 20

and ingress SPAN 13

IEEE 802.1D

See STP

IEEE 802.1p 1

IEEE 802.1Q

and trunk ports 3

configuration limitations 17

encapsulation 15

native VLAN for untagged traffic 21

tunneling

compatibility with other features 6

defaults 4

described 1

tunnel ports with other features 6

IEEE 802.1s

See MSTP

IEEE 802.1w

See RSTP

IEEE 802.1x

See port-based authentication

IEEE 802.3ad

See EtherChannel

IEEE 802.3af

See PoE

IEEE 802.3x flow control 19

ifIndex values, SNMP 5

IFS 6

IGMP

configurable leave timer

described 6

enabling 11

configuring the switch

as a member of a group 39

statically connected member 43

controlling access to groups 40

default configuration 39

deleting cache entries 62

displaying groups 62

fast switching 43

flooded multicast traffic

controlling the length of time 12

disabling on an interface 13

global leave 13

query solicitation 13

recovering from flood mode 13

host-query interval, modifying 41

joining multicast group 3

join messages 3

leave processing, enabling 10, 8

leaving multicast group 5

multicast reachability 39

overview 3

queries 4

report suppression

described 6

disabling 15, 11

supported versions 3

support for 4

Version 1

changing to Version 2 41

described 3

Version 2

changing to Version 1 41

described 3

maximum query response time value 43

pruning groups 43

query timeout value 42

IGMP filtering

configuring 24

default configuration 24

described 23

monitoring 28

support for 4

IGMP groups

configuring filtering 27

setting the maximum number 26

IGMP helper 4, 6

IGMP Immediate Leave

configuration guidelines 11

described 5

enabling 10

IGMP profile

applying 26

configuration mode 24

configuring 25

IGMP snooping

and address aliasing 2

configuring 6

default configuration 7, 5, 6

definition 2

enabling and disabling 7, 6

global configuration 7

Immediate Leave 5

method 8

monitoring 15, 11

querier

configuration guidelines 14

configuring 14

supported versions 3

support for 4

VLAN configuration 8

IGMP throttling

configuring 27

default configuration 24

described 24

displaying action 28

IGP 24

Immediate Leave, IGMP 5

enabling 8

inaccessible authentication bypass 21

support for multiauth ports 21

initial configuration

defaults 15

Express Setup 2

interface

number 11

range macros 13

interface command 11

interface configuration mode 3

interfaces

auto-MDIX, configuring 20

configuration guidelines

duplex and speed 18

configuring

procedure 11

counters, clearing 31

default configuration 15

described 24

descriptive name, adding 24

displaying information about 30

flow control 19

management 5

monitoring 30

naming 24

physical, identifying 10, 11

range of 12

restarting 32

shutting down 32

speed and duplex, configuring 18

status 30

supported 10

types of 1

interfaces range macro command 13

interface types 11

Interior Gateway Protocol

See IGP

internal BGP

See IBGP

internal neighbors, BGP 45

Internet Control Message Protocol

See ICMP

Internet Group Management Protocol

See IGMP

Internet Protocol version 6

See IPv6

Inter-Switch Link

See ISL

inter-VLAN routing 13, 2

Intrusion Detection System

See IDS appliances

inventory management TLV 3, 7

IOS shell

See Auto Smartports macros

IP ACLs

for QoS classification 7

implicit deny 9, 13

implicit masks 9

named 14

undefined 20

IP addresses

128-bit 2

candidate or member 3, 13

classes of 5

cluster access 2

command switch 3, 11, 13

default configuration 4

discovering 30

for IP routing 4

IPv6 2

MAC address association 8

monitoring 17

redundant clusters 11

standby command switch 11, 13

See also IP information

IP base image 1

IP broadcast address 15

ip cef distributed command 86

IP directed broadcasts 13

ip igmp profile command 24

IP information

assigned

manually 14

through DHCP-based autoconfiguration 3

default configuration 3

IP multicast routing

addresses

all-hosts 3

all-multicast-routers 3

host group address range 3

administratively-scoped boundaries, described 46

and IGMP snooping 2

Auto-RP

adding to an existing sparse-mode cloud 26

benefits of 26

clearing the cache 62

configuration guidelines 11

filtering incoming RP announcement messages 29

overview 6

preventing candidate RP spoofing 29

preventing join messages to false RPs 28

setting up in a new internetwork 26

using with BSR 34

bootstrap router

configuration guidelines 11

configuring candidate BSRs 32

configuring candidate RPs 33

defining the IP multicast boundary 31

defining the PIM domain border 30

overview 7

using with Auto-RP 34

Cisco implementation 2

configuring

basic multicast routing 12

IP multicast boundary 46

default configuration 10

enabling

multicast forwarding 12

PIM mode 13

group-to-RP mappings

Auto-RP 6

BSR 7

MBONE

deleting sdr cache entries 62

described 45

displaying sdr cache 63

enabling sdr listener support 46

limiting DVMRP routes advertised 57

limiting sdr cache entry lifetime 46

SAP packets for conference session announcement 45

Session Directory (sdr) tool, described 45

monitoring

packet rate loss 63

peering devices 63

tracing a path 63

multicast forwarding, described 7

PIMv1 and PIMv2 interoperability 10

protocol interaction 2

reverse path check (RPF) 7

routing table

deleting 62

displaying 62

RP

assigning manually 24

configuring Auto-RP 26

configuring PIMv2 BSR 30

monitoring mapping information 34

using Auto-RP and BSR 34

statistics, displaying system and network 62

See also CGMP

See also DVMRP

See also IGMP

See also PIM

IP phones

and QoS 1

automatic classification and queueing 20

configuring 4

ensuring port security with QoS 38

trusted boundary for QoS 38

IP Port Security for Static Hosts

on a Layer 2 access port 19

on a PVLAN host port 23

IP precedence 2

IP-precedence-to-DSCP map for QoS 61

IP protocols

in ACLs 11

routing 13

IP routes, monitoring 100

IP routing

connecting interfaces with 10

disabling 18

enabling 18

IP Service Level Agreements

See IP SLAs

IP service levels, analyzing 1

IP services image 1

IP SLAs

benefits 2

configuration guidelines 6

configuring object tracking 9

Control Protocol 4

default configuration 6

definition 1

ICMP echo operation 11

measuring network performance 3

monitoring 13

multioperations scheduling 5

object tracking 9

operation 3

reachability tracking 9

responder

described 4

enabling 8

response time 4

scheduling 5

SNMP support 2

supported metrics 2

threshold monitoring 6

track object monitoring agent, configuring 11

track state 9

UDP jitter operation 9

IP source guard

and 802.1x 18

and DHCP snooping 15

and EtherChannels 18

and port security 18

and private VLANs 18

and routed ports 17

and TCAM entries 18

and trunk interfaces 17

and VRF 18

binding configuration

automatic 15

manual 15

binding table 15

configuration guidelines 17

default configuration 17

described 15

disabling 19

displaying

active IP or MAC bindings 25

bindings 25

configuration 25

enabling 18, 19

filtering

source IP address 16

source IP and MAC address 16

source IP address filtering 16

source IP and MAC address filtering 16

static bindings

adding 18, 19

deleting 19

static hosts 19

IP traceroute

executing 17

overview 16

IP unicast routing

address resolution 8

administrative distances 88, 99

ARP 8

assigning IP addresses to Layer 3 interfaces 5

authentication keys 99

broadcast

address 15

flooding 16

packets 13

storms 13

classless routing 6

configuring static routes 88

default

addressing configuration 4

gateways 11

networks 89

routes 89

routing 2

directed broadcasts 13

disabling 18

dynamic routing 3

enabling 18

EtherChannel Layer 3 interface 3

IGP 24

inter-VLAN 2

IP addressing

classes 5

configuring 4

IPv6 3

IRDP 11

Layer 3 interfaces 3

MAC address and IP address 8

passive interfaces 97

protocols

distance-vector 3

dynamic 3

link-state 3

proxy ARP 8

redistribution 90

reverse address resolution 8

routed ports 3

static routing 3

steps to configure 4

subnet mask 5

subnet zero 6

supernet 6

UDP 14

with SVIs 3

See also BGP

See also EIGRP

See also OSPF

See also RIP

IPv4 ACLs

applying to interfaces 19

extended, creating 10

named 14

standard, creating 9

IPv4 and IPv6

dual protocol stacks 5

IPv6

ACLs

displaying 8

limitations 3

matching criteria 3

port 1

precedence 2

router 1

supported 2

addresses 2

address formats 2

applications 5

assigning address 10

autoconfiguration 5

CEFv6 18

configuring static routes 19

default configuration 10

default router preference (DRP) 4

defined 1

Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP) IPv6 7

EIGRP IPv6 Commands 7

Router ID 7

feature limitations 8

features not supported 8

forwarding 10

ICMP 4

monitoring 26

neighbor discovery 4

OSPF 6

path MTU discovery 4

SDM templates 2, 1

Stateless Autoconfiguration 5

supported features 2

switch limitations 8

understanding static routes 6

IPv6 traffic, filtering 3

IRDP

configuring 12

definition 11

support for 13

IS-IS

addresses 61

area routing 61

default configuration 63

monitoring 70

show commands 70

system routing 61

ISL

and IPv6 3

and trunk ports 3

encapsulation 8, 15

trunking with IEEE 802.1 tunneling 4

ISO CLNS

clear commands 70

dynamic routing protocols 61

monitoring 70

NETs 61

NSAPs 61

OSI standard 61

ISO IGRP

area routing 61

system routing 61

isolated port 2

isolated VLANs 2, 3

J

join messages, IGMP 3

K

KDC

described 39

See also Kerberos

Kerberos

authenticating to

boundary switch 41

KDC 41

network services 42

configuration examples 38

configuring 42

credentials 39

cryptographic software image 38

described 39

KDC 39

operation 41

realm 40

server 40

support for 11

switch as trusted third party 39

terms 39

TGT 40

tickets 39

key distribution center

See KDC

L

l2protocol-tunnel command 13

LACP

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 9

See EtherChannel

Layer 2 frames, classification with CoS 2

Layer 2 interfaces, default configuration 15

Layer 2 protocol tunneling

configuring 10

configuring for EtherChannels 14

default configuration 11

defined 8

guidelines 11

Layer 2 traceroute

and ARP 15

and CDP 15

broadcast traffic 15

described 15

IP addresses and subnets 15

MAC addresses and VLANs 15

multicast traffic 15

multiple devices on a port 16

unicast traffic 15

usage guidelines 15

Layer 3 features 13

Layer 3 interfaces

assigning IP addresses to 5

assigning IPv4 and IPv6 addresses to 13

assigning IPv6 addresses to 11

changing from Layer 2 mode 5, 78

types of 3

Layer 3 packets, classification methods 2

LDAP 2

Leaking IGMP Reports 4

LEDs, switch

See hardware installation guide

lightweight directory access protocol

See LDAP

line configuration mode 3

Link Aggregation Control Protocol

See EtherChannel

link failure, detecting unidirectional 7

Link Layer Discovery Protocol

See CDP

link local unicast addresses 3

link redundancy

See Flex Links

links, unidirectional 1

link state advertisements (LSAs) 28

link-state protocols 3

link-state tracking

configuring 22

described 20

LLDP

configuring 4

characteristics 6

default configuration 4

enabling 5

monitoring and maintaining 10

overview 1

supported TLVs 1

switch stack considerations 2

transmission timer and holdtime, setting 6

LLDP-MED

configuring

procedures 4

TLVs 7

monitoring and maintaining 10

overview 1, 2

supported TLVs 2

LLDP Media Endpoint Discovery

See LLDP-MED

load balancing 4

local SPAN 2

location TLV 3, 7

logging messages, ACL 8

login authentication

with RADIUS 28

with TACACS+ 14

login banners 17

log messages

See system message logging

Long-Reach Ethernet (LRE) technology 19

loop guard

described 9

enabling 15

support for 7

LRE profiles, considerations in switch clusters 14

M

MAB

See MAC authentication bypass

MAB aging timer 9

MAB inactivity timer

default setting 31

range 34

MAC/PHY configuration status TLV 2

MAC addresses

aging time 21

and VLAN association 20

building the address table 20

default configuration 21

disabling learning on a VLAN 29

discovering 30

displaying 30

displaying in the IP source binding table 24

dynamic

learning 20

removing 22

in ACLs 27

IP address association 8

static

adding 27

allowing 28, 29

characteristics of 26

dropping 28

removing 27

MAC address learning 5

MAC address learning, disabling on a VLAN 29

MAC address notification, support for 14

MAC address-table move update

configuration guidelines 8

configuring 12

default configuration 8

description 6

monitoring 14

MAC address-to-VLAN mapping 26

MAC authentication bypass 34

configuring 53

overview 15

See MAB

MAC extended access lists

applying to Layer 2 interfaces 28

configuring for QoS 45

creating 27

defined 27

for QoS classification 5

macros

See Auto Smartports macros

See Smartports macros

magic packet 24

manageability features 5

management access

in-band

browser session 6

CLI session 6

device manager 6

SNMP 6

out-of-band console port connection 6

management address TLV 2

management options

CLI 1

clustering 3

CNS 1

Network Assistant 2

overview 5

management VLAN

considerations in switch clusters 7

discovery through different management VLANs 7

mapping tables for QoS

configuring

CoS-to-DSCP 60

DSCP 60

DSCP-to-CoS 63

DSCP-to-DSCP-mutation 64

IP-precedence-to-DSCP 61

policed-DSCP 62

described 12

marking

action with aggregate policers 58

described 4, 8

matching

IPv6 ACLs 3

matching, IPv4 ACLs 7

maximum aging time

MSTP 23

STP 21

maximum hop count, MSTP 24

maximum number of allowed devices, port-based authentication 34

maximum-paths command 49, 87

MDA

configuration guidelines 12

described 10, 11

exceptions with authentication process 5

Medianet

See Auto Smartports macros

membership mode, VLAN port 3

member switch

automatic discovery 4

defined 2

managing 14

passwords 13

recovering from lost connectivity 11

requirements 3

See also candidate switch, cluster standby group, and standby command switch

messages, to users through banners 17

metrics, in BGP 49

metric translations, between routing protocols 93

metro tags 2

MHSRP 4

MIBs

accessing files with FTP 3

location of files 3

overview 1

SNMP interaction with 4

supported 1

mirroring traffic for analysis 1

mismatches, autonegotiation 11

module number 11

monitoring

access groups 40

BGP 60

cables for unidirectional links 1

CDP 4

CEF 87

EIGRP 40

fallback bridging 10

features 14

Flex Links 14

HSRP 13

IEEE 802.1Q tunneling 18

IGMP

filters 28

snooping 15, 11

interfaces 30

IP

address tables 17

multicast routing 61

routes 100

IP SLAs operations 13

IPv4 ACL configuration 40

IPv6 26

IPv6 ACL configuration 8

IS-IS 70

ISO CLNS 70

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 18

MAC address-table move update 14

MSDP peers 18

multicast router interfaces 16, 11

multi-VRF CE 85

MVR 23

network traffic for analysis with probe 2

object tracking 12

OSPF 32

port

blocking 19

protection 19

private VLANs 14

RP mapping information 34

SFP status 31, 13

source-active messages 18

speed and duplex mode 19

SSM mapping 21

traffic flowing among switches 1

traffic suppression 19

tunneling 18

VLAN

filters 41

maps 41

VLANs 14

VMPS 30

VTP 16

mrouter Port 3

mrouter port 5

MSDP

benefits of 3

clearing MSDP connections and statistics 18

controlling source information

forwarded by switch 11

originated by switch 8

received by switch 13

default configuration 4

dense-mode regions

sending SA messages to 16

specifying the originating address 17

filtering

incoming SA messages 14

SA messages to a peer 12

SA requests from a peer 10

join latency, defined 6

meshed groups

configuring 15

defined 15

originating address, changing 17

overview 1

peer-RPF flooding 2

peers

configuring a default 4

monitoring 18

peering relationship, overview 1

requesting source information from 8

shutting down 15

source-active messages

caching 6

clearing cache entries 18

defined 2

filtering from a peer 10

filtering incoming 14

filtering to a peer 12

limiting data with TTL 13

monitoring 18

restricting advertised sources 9

support for 13

MSTP

boundary ports

configuration guidelines 15

described 6

BPDU filtering

described 3

enabling 12

BPDU guard

described 2

enabling 11

CIST, described 3

CIST regional root 3

CIST root 5

configuration guidelines 14, 10

configuring

forward-delay time 23

hello time 22

link type for rapid convergence 24

maximum aging time 23

maximum hop count 24

MST region 15

neighbor type 25

path cost 20

port priority 19

root switch 17

secondary root switch 18

switch priority 21

CST

defined 3

operations between regions 3

default configuration 14

default optional feature configuration 9

displaying status 26

enabling the mode 15

EtherChannel guard

described 7

enabling 14

extended system ID

effects on root switch 17

effects on secondary root switch 18

unexpected behavior 17

IEEE 802.1s

implementation 6

port role naming change 6

terminology 5

instances supported 9

interface state, blocking to forwarding 2

interoperability and compatibility among modes 10

interoperability with IEEE 802.1D

described 8

restarting migration process 25

IST

defined 2

master 3

operations within a region 3

loop guard

described 9

enabling 15

mapping VLANs to MST instance 16

MST region

CIST 3

configuring 15

described 2

hop-count mechanism 5

IST 2

supported spanning-tree instances 2

optional features supported 7

overview 2

Port Fast

described 2

enabling 10

preventing root switch selection 8

root guard

described 8

enabling 15

root switch

configuring 17

effects of extended system ID 17

unexpected behavior 17

shutdown Port Fast-enabled port 2

status, displaying 26

multiauth

support for inaccessible authentication bypass 21

multiauth mode

See multiple-authentication mode

multicast groups

Immediate Leave 5

joining 3

leaving 5

static joins 10, 7

multicast packets

ACLs on 40

blocking 8

multicast router interfaces, monitoring 16, 11

multicast router ports, adding 9, 8

Multicast Source Discovery Protocol

See MSDP

multicast storm 1

multicast storm-control command 4

multicast television application 17

multicast VLAN 17

Multicast VLAN Registration

See MVR

multidomain authentication

See MDA

multioperations scheduling, IP SLAs 5

multiple authentication 13

multiple authentication mode

configuring 40

Multiple HSRP

See MHSRP

multiple VPN routing/forwarding in customer edge devices

See multi-VRF CE

multi-VRF CE

configuration example 81

configuration guidelines 74

configuring 73

default configuration 74

defined 71

displaying 85

monitoring 85

network components 73

packet-forwarding process 73

support for 13

MVR

and address aliasing 20

and IGMPv3 20

configuration guidelines 19

configuring interfaces 21

default configuration 19

described 17

example application 17

modes 20

monitoring 23

multicast television application 17

setting global parameters 20

support for 4

N

NAC

AAA down policy 11

critical authentication 21, 50

IEEE 802.1x authentication using a RADIUS server 55

IEEE 802.1x validation using RADIUS server 55

inaccessible authentication bypass 10, 50

Layer 2 IEEE 802.1x validation 10, 26, 55

Layer 2 IP validation 10

named IPv4 ACLs 14

NameSpace Mapper

See NSM

native VLAN

and IEEE 802.1Q tunneling 4

configuring 21

default 21

NEAT

configuring 56

overview 28

neighbor discovery, IPv6 4

neighbor discovery/recovery, EIGRP 33

neighbors, BGP 55

Network Admission Control

NAC

Network Assistant

benefits 2

described 5

downloading image files 2

guide mode 2

management options 2

upgrading a switch 22

wizards 2

network configuration examples

increasing network performance 18

large network 22

long-distance, high-bandwidth transport 24

providing network services 18

server aggregation and Linux server cluster 20

small to medium-sized network 21

network design

performance 18

services 18

Network Edge Access Topology

See NEAT

network management

CDP 1

RMON 1

SNMP 1

network performance, measuring with IP SLAs 3

network policy TLV 2, 7

Network Time Protocol

See NTP

no commands 4

nonhierarchical policy maps

configuration guidelines 33

described 9

non-IP traffic filtering 27

nontrunking mode 16

normal-range VLANs 4

configuration guidelines 6

configuring 4

defined 1

no switchport command 4

not-so-stubby areas

See NSSA

NSAPs, as ISO IGRP addresses 61

NSF Awareness

IS-IS 63

NSM 3

NSSA, OSPF 28

NTP

associations

authenticating 4

defined 2

enabling broadcast messages 6

peer 5

server 5

default configuration 4

displaying the configuration 11

overview 2

restricting access

creating an access group 8

disabling NTP services per interface 10

source IP address, configuring 10

stratum 2

support for 6

synchronizing devices 5

time

services 2

synchronizing 2

O

object tracking

HSRP 7

IP SLAs 9

IP SLAs, configuring 9

monitoring 12

off mode, VTP 3

online diagnostics

overview 1

running tests 3

understanding 1

open1x

configuring 61

open1x authentication

overview 27

Open Shortest Path First

See OSPF

optimizing system resources 1

options, management 5

OSPF

area parameters, configuring 28

configuring 26

default configuration

metrics 30

route 30

settings 25

described 24

for IPv6 6

interface parameters, configuring 27

LSA group pacing 31

monitoring 32

router IDs 32

route summarization 29

support for 13

virtual links 30

out-of-profile markdown 12

P

packet modification, with QoS 19

PAgP

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 9

See EtherChannel

parallel paths, in routing tables 87

passive interfaces

configuring 97

OSPF 30

passwords

default configuration 2

disabling recovery of 5

encrypting 3

for security 9

in clusters 13

overview 1

recovery of 3

setting

enable 3

enable secret 3

Telnet 6

with usernames 6

VTP domain 8

path cost

MSTP 20

STP 18

path MTU discovery 4

PBR

defined 94

enabling 95

fast-switched policy-based routing 97

local policy-based routing 97

PC (passive command switch) 10

peers, BGP 55

percentage thresholds in tracked lists 6

performance, network design 18

performance features 3

persistent self-signed certificate 49

per-user ACLs and Filter-Ids 8

per-VLAN spanning-tree plus

See PVST+

PE to CE routing, configuring 81

physical ports 2

PIM

default configuration 10

dense mode

overview 4

rendezvous point (RP), described 5

RPF lookups 8

displaying neighbors 62

enabling a mode 13

overview 4

router-query message interval, modifying 37

shared tree and source tree, overview 35

shortest path tree, delaying the use of 36

sparse mode

join messages and shared tree 5

overview 5

prune messages 5

RPF lookups 8

stub routing

configuration guidelines 22

displaying 62

enabling 23

overview 5

support for 13

versions

interoperability 10

troubleshooting interoperability problems 35

v2 improvements 4

PIM-DVMRP, as snooping method 8

ping

character output description 14

executing 13

overview 13

PoE

auto mode 8

CDP with power consumption, described 7

CDP with power negotiation, described 7

Cisco intelligent power management 7

configuring 21

devices supported 7

high-power devices operating in low-power mode 7

IEEE power classification levels 8

power budgeting 23

power consumption 23

powered-device detection and initial power allocation 8

power management modes 8

power negotiation extensions to CDP 7

standards supported 7

static mode 9

troubleshooting 11

policed-DSCP map for QoS 62

policers

configuring

for each matched traffic class 48

for more than one traffic class 58

described 4

displaying 78

number of 34

types of 9

policing

described 4

hierarchical

See hierarchical policy maps

token-bucket algorithm 9

policy-based routing

See PBR

policy maps for QoS

characteristics of 48

described 7

displaying 79

hierarchical 8

hierarchical on SVIs

configuration guidelines 33

configuring 52

described 11

nonhierarchical on physical ports

configuration guidelines 33

described 9

port ACLs

defined 2

types of 3

Port Aggregation Protocol

See EtherChannel

port-based authentication

accounting 14

authentication server

defined 3, 2

RADIUS server 3

client, defined 3, 2

configuration guidelines 32, 9

configuring

802.1x authentication 37

guest VLAN 47

host mode 40

inaccessible authentication bypass 50

manual re-authentication of a client 42

periodic re-authentication 41

quiet period 43

RADIUS server 40, 13

RADIUS server parameters on the switch 39, 11

restricted VLAN 48

switch-to-client frame-retransmission number 44, 45

switch-to-client retransmission time 43

violation modes36to 37

default configuration 31, 9

described 1

device roles 2

displaying statistics 62, 17

downloadable ACLs and redirect URLs

configuring57to59, ??to 60

overview18to 19

EAPOL-start frame 5

EAP-request/identity frame 5

EAP-response/identity frame 5

enabling

802.1X authentication 11

encapsulation 3

flexible authentication ordering

configuring 60

overview 27

guest VLAN

configuration guidelines 20, 21

described 19

host mode 11

inaccessible authentication bypass

configuring 50

described 21

guidelines 33

initiation and message exchange 5

magic packet 24

maximum number of allowed devices per port 34

method lists 37

multiple authentication 13

per-user ACLs

AAA authorization 37

configuration tasks 17

described 17

RADIUS server attributes 17

ports

authorization state and dot1x port-control command 10

authorized and unauthorized 10

voice VLAN 23

port security

and voice VLAN 24

described 23

interactions 23

multiple-hosts mode 11

readiness check

configuring 34

described 15, 34

resetting to default values 62

statistics, displaying 62

switch

as proxy 3, 2

RADIUS client 3

switch supplicant

configuring 56

overview 28

upgrading from a previous release 26

user distribution

guidelines 26

overview 26

VLAN assignment

AAA authorization 37

characteristics 15

configuration tasks 16

described 15

voice aware 802.1x security

configuring 35

described 28, 35

voice VLAN

described 23

PVID 23

VVID 23

wake-on-LAN, described 24

with ACLs and RADIUS Filter-Id attribute 29

port-based authentication methods, supported 7

port blocking 4, 7

port-channel

See EtherChannel

port description TLV 1

Port Fast

described 2

enabling 10

mode, spanning tree 27

support for 7

port membership modes, VLAN 3

port priority

MSTP 19

STP 17

ports

access 3

blocking 7

dual-purpose uplink 6

dynamic access 3

IEEE 802.1Q tunnel 4

protected 6

routed 4

secure 8

static-access 3, 9

switch 2

trunks 3, 15

VLAN assignments 9

port security

aging 17

and private VLANs 18

and QoS trusted boundary 38

configuring 13

default configuration 11

described 8

displaying 19

enabling 18

on trunk ports 14

sticky learning 9

violations 10

with other features 11

port-shutdown response, VMPS 26

port VLAN ID TLV 2

power management TLV 2, 7

Power over Ethernet

See PoE

preemption, default configuration 8

preemption delay, default configuration 8

preferential treatment of traffic

See QoS

prefix lists, BGP 53

preventing unauthorized access 1

primary interface for object tracking, DHCP, configuring 11

primary interface for static routing, configuring 10

primary links 2

primary VLANs 1, 3

priority

HSRP 7

overriding CoS 6

trusting CoS 6

private VLAN edge ports

See protected ports

private VLANs

across multiple switches 4

and SDM template 4

and SVIs 5

benefits of 1

community ports 2

community VLANs 2, 3

configuration guidelines 6, 7, 8

configuration tasks 6

configuring 9

default configuration 6

end station access to 3

IP addressing 3

isolated port 2

isolated VLANs 2, 3

mapping 13

monitoring 14

ports

community 2

configuration guidelines 8

configuring host ports 11

configuring promiscuous ports 12

described 4

isolated 2

promiscuous 2

primary VLANs 1, 3

promiscuous ports 2

secondary VLANs 2

subdomains 1

traffic in 5

privileged EXEC mode 2

privilege levels

changing the default for lines 9

command switch 15

exiting 9

logging into 9

mapping on member switches 15

overview 2, 7

setting a command with 8

promiscuous ports

configuring 12

defined 2

protected ports 9, 6

protocol-dependent modules, EIGRP 34

Protocol-Independent Multicast Protocol

See PIM

provider edge devices 72

proxy ARP

configuring 10

definition 8

with IP routing disabled 11

proxy reports 3

pruning, VTP

disabling

in VTP domain 14

on a port 21

enabling

in VTP domain 14

on a port 21

examples 6

overview 5

pruning-eligible list

changing 21

for VTP pruning 5

VLANs 14

PVST+

described 9

IEEE 802.1Q trunking interoperability 10

instances supported 9

Q

QoS

and MQC commands 1

auto-QoS

categorizing traffic 20

configuration and defaults display 29

configuration guidelines 25

described 20

disabling 27

displaying generated commands 27

displaying the initial configuration 29

effects on running configuration 25

egress queue defaults 21

enabling for VoIP 27

example configuration 28

ingress queue defaults 21

list of generated commands 22

basic model 4

classification

class maps, described 7

defined 4

DSCP transparency, described 40

flowchart 6

forwarding treatment 3

in frames and packets 3

IP ACLs, described 5, 7

MAC ACLs, described 5, 7

options for IP traffic 5

options for non-IP traffic 5

policy maps, described 7

trust DSCP, described 5

trusted CoS, described 5

trust IP precedence, described 5

class maps

configuring 46

displaying 78

configuration guidelines

auto-QoS 25

standard QoS 33

configuring

aggregate policers 58

auto-QoS 20

default port CoS value 38

DSCP maps 60

DSCP transparency 40

DSCP trust states bordering another domain 40

egress queue characteristics 70

ingress queue characteristics 66

IP extended ACLs 44

IP standard ACLs 43

MAC ACLs 45

policy maps, hierarchical 52

port trust states within the domain 36

trusted boundary 38

default auto configuration 20

default standard configuration 30

displaying statistics 78

DSCP transparency 40

egress queues

allocating buffer space 71

buffer allocation scheme, described 17

configuring shaped weights for SRR 75

configuring shared weights for SRR 76

described 4

displaying the threshold map 74

flowchart 17

mapping DSCP or CoS values 73

scheduling, described 4

setting WTD thresholds 71

WTD, described 18

enabling globally 35

flowcharts

classification 6

egress queueing and scheduling 17

ingress queueing and scheduling 15

policing and marking 10

implicit deny 7

ingress queues

allocating bandwidth 68

allocating buffer space 68

buffer and bandwidth allocation, described 16

configuring shared weights for SRR 68

configuring the priority queue 69

described 4

displaying the threshold map 67

flowchart 15

mapping DSCP or CoS values 66

priority queue, described 16

scheduling, described 4

setting WTD thresholds 66

WTD, described 16

IP phones

automatic classification and queueing 20

detection and trusted settings 20, 38

limiting bandwidth on egress interface 77

mapping tables

CoS-to-DSCP 60

displaying 78

DSCP-to-CoS 63

DSCP-to-DSCP-mutation 64

IP-precedence-to-DSCP 61

policed-DSCP 62

types of 12

marked-down actions 50, 55

marking, described 4, 8

overview 2

packet modification 19

policers

configuring 50, 55, 58

described 8

displaying 78

number of 34

types of 9

policies, attaching to an interface 8

policing

described 4, 8

token bucket algorithm 9

policy maps

characteristics of 48

displaying 79

hierarchical 8

hierarchical on SVIs 52

nonhierarchical on physical ports 48

QoS label, defined 4

queues

configuring egress characteristics 70

configuring ingress characteristics 66

high priority (expedite) 19, 77

location of 13

SRR, described 14

WTD, described 13

rewrites 19

support for 12

trust states

bordering another domain 40

described 5

trusted device 38

within the domain 36

quality of service

See QoS

queries, IGMP 4

query solicitation, IGMP 13

R

RADIUS

attributes

vendor-proprietary 36

vendor-specific 34

configuring

accounting 33

authentication 28

authorization 32

communication, global 26, 34

communication, per-server 26

multiple UDP ports 26

default configuration 26

defining AAA server groups 30

displaying the configuration 38

identifying the server 26

in clusters 14

limiting the services to the user 32

method list, defined 25

operation of 19

overview 18

server load balancing 38

suggested network environments 18

support for 11

tracking services accessed by user 33

RADIUS Change of Authorization 19

range

macro 13

of interfaces 12

rapid convergence 9

rapid per-VLAN spanning-tree plus

See rapid PVST+

rapid PVST+

described 9

IEEE 802.1Q trunking interoperability 10

instances supported 9

Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol

See RSTP

RARP 8

rcommand command 14

RCP

configuration files

downloading 16

overview 15

preparing the server 15

uploading 17

image files

deleting old image 35

downloading 34

preparing the server 33

uploading 35

reachability, tracking IP SLAs IP host 9

readiness check

port-based authentication

configuring 34

described 15, 34

reconfirmation interval, VMPS, changing 29

reconfirming dynamic VLAN membership 29

recovery procedures 1

redirect URL 18, 57

redundancy

EtherChannel 3

HSRP 1

STP

backbone 8

path cost 24

port priority 22

redundant links and UplinkFast 13

redundant power system

See Cisco Redundant Power System 2300

reliable transport protocol, EIGRP 33

reloading software 20

Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service

See RADIUS

Remote Copy Protocol

See RCP

Remote Network Monitoring

See RMON

Remote SPAN

See RSPAN

remote SPAN 2

report suppression, IGMP

described 6

disabling 15, 11

resequencing ACL entries 14

reserved addresses in DHCP pools 26

resets, in BGP 48

resetting a UDLD-shutdown interface 6

responder, IP SLAs

described 4

enabling 8

response time, measuring with IP SLAs 4

restricted VLAN

configuring 48

described 20

using with IEEE 802.1x 20

restricting access

NTP services 8

overview 1

passwords and privilege levels 2

RADIUS 17

TACACS+ 10

retry count, VMPS, changing 30

reverse address resolution 8

Reverse Address Resolution Protocol

See RARP

RFC

1058, RIP 18

1112, IP multicast and IGMP 2

1157, SNMPv1 2

1163, BGP 40

1166, IP addresses 5

1253, OSPF 24

1267, BGP 40

1305, NTP 2

1587, NSSAs 24

1757, RMON 2

1771, BGP 40

1901, SNMPv2C 2

1902 to 1907, SNMPv2 2

2236, IP multicast and IGMP 2

2273-2275, SNMPv3 2

RFC 5176 Compliance 20

RIP

advertisements 19

authentication 21

configuring 20

default configuration 19

described 19

for IPv6 6

hop counts 19

split horizon 22

summary addresses 22

support for 13

RMON

default configuration 3

displaying status 6

enabling alarms and events 3

groups supported 2

overview 1

statistics

collecting group Ethernet 5

collecting group history 5

support for 14

root guard

described 8

enabling 15

support for 7

root switch

MSTP 17

STP 14

route calculation timers, OSPF 30

route dampening, BGP 59

routed packets, ACLs on 39

routed ports

configuring 3

defined 4

in switch clusters 8

IP addresses on 25, 4

route-map command 96

route maps

BGP 51

policy-based routing 94

router ACLs

defined 2

types of 4

route reflectors, BGP 58

router ID, OSPF 32

route selection, BGP 49

route summarization, OSPF 29

route targets, VPN 73

routing

default 2

dynamic 3

redistribution of information 90

static 3

routing domain confederation, BGP 58

Routing Information Protocol

See RIP

routing protocol administrative distances 88

RPS

See Cisco Redundant Power System 2300

RPS 2300

See Cisco Redundant Power System 2300

RSPAN

characteristics 8

configuration guidelines 15

default configuration 9

defined 2

destination ports 7

displaying status 22

interaction with other features 8

monitored ports 5

monitoring ports 7

overview 14, 1

received traffic 4

sessions

creating 16

defined 3

limiting source traffic to specific VLANs 21

specifying monitored ports 16

with ingress traffic enabled 20

source ports 5

transmitted traffic 5

VLAN-based 6

RSTP

active topology 9

BPDU

format 12

processing 12

designated port, defined 9

designated switch, defined 9

interoperability with IEEE 802.1D

described 8

restarting migration process 25

topology changes 13

overview 8

port roles

described 9

synchronized 11

proposal-agreement handshake process 10

rapid convergence

described 9

edge ports and Port Fast 9

point-to-point links 10, 24

root ports 10

root port, defined 9

See also MSTP

running configuration

replacing 18, 19

rolling back 18, 20

running configuration, saving 15

S

SC (standby command switch) 10

scheduled reloads 20

scheduling, IP SLAs operations 5

SCP

and SSH 55

configuring 55

SDM

templates

configuring 4

number of 1

SDM template 3

configuration guidelines 3

configuring 3

dual IPv4 and IPv6 2

types of 1

secondary VLANs 2

Secure Copy Protocol

secure HTTP client

configuring 54

displaying 54

secure HTTP server

configuring 52

displaying 54

secure MAC addresses

deleting 16

maximum number of 10

types of 9

secure ports, configuring 8

secure remote connections 44

Secure Shell

See SSH

Secure Socket Layer

See SSL

security, port 8

security features 9

See SCP

sequence numbers in log messages 8

server mode, VTP 3

service-provider network, MSTP and RSTP 1

service-provider networks

and customer VLANs 2

and IEEE 802.1Q tunneling 1

Layer 2 protocols across 8

Layer 2 protocol tunneling for EtherChannels 9

set-request operation 4

setup program

failed command switch replacement 9

replacing failed command switch 8

severity levels, defining in system messages 8

SFPs

monitoring status of 31, 13

security and identification 12

status, displaying 13

shaped round robin

See SRR

Shell functions

See Auto Smartports macros

Shell triggers

See Auto Smartports macros

show access-lists hw-summary command 21

show and more command output, filtering 9

show cdp traffic command 5

show cluster members command 14

show configuration command 24

show forward command 20

show interfaces command 19, 24

show interfaces switchport 4

show l2protocol command 13, 15, 16

show lldp traffic command 11

show platform forward command 20

show running-config command

displaying ACLs 19, 20, 31, 34

interface description in 24

shutdown command on interfaces 32

shutdown threshold for Layer 2 protocol packets 11

Simple Network Management Protocol

See SNMP

small-frame arrival rate, configuring 5

Smartports macros

applying Cisco-default macros 18

applying global parameter values 18

configuration guidelines 17

default configuration 17

defined 1

displaying 19

tracing 17

SNAP 1

SNMP

accessing MIB variables with 4

agent

described 4

disabling 7

and IP SLAs 2

authentication level 10

community strings

configuring 8

for cluster switches 4

overview 4

configuration examples 17

default configuration 6

engine ID 7

groups 7, 9

host 7

ifIndex values 5

in-band management 6

in clusters 14

informs

and trap keyword 11

described 5

differences from traps 5

disabling 15

enabling 15

limiting access by TFTP servers 16

limiting system log messages to NMS 10

manager functions 5, 3

managing clusters with 15

MIBs

location of 3

supported 1

notifications 5

overview 1, 4

security levels 3

setting CPU threshold notification 15

status, displaying 18

system contact and location 16

trap manager, configuring 13

traps

described 3, 5

differences from informs 5

disabling 15

enabling 11

enabling MAC address notification 22, 24, 25

overview 1, 4

types of 12

users 7, 9

versions supported 2

SNMP and Syslog Over IPv6 7

SNMPv1 2

SNMPv2C 2

SNMPv3 2

snooping, IGMP 2

software images

location in flash 23

recovery procedures 2

scheduling reloads 20

tar file format, described 23

See also downloading and uploading

source addresses

in IPv4 ACLs 11

in IPv6 ACLs 5

source-and-destination-IP address based forwarding, EtherChannel 7

source-and-destination MAC address forwarding, EtherChannel 7

source-IP address based forwarding, EtherChannel 7

source-MAC address forwarding, EtherChannel 7

Source-specific multicast

See SSM

SPAN

configuration guidelines 10

default configuration 9

destination ports 7

displaying status 22

interaction with other features 8

monitored ports 5

monitoring ports 7

overview 14, 1

ports, restrictions 12

received traffic 4

sessions

configuring ingress forwarding 14, 21

creating 11

defined 3

limiting source traffic to specific VLANs 14

removing destination (monitoring) ports 12

specifying monitored ports 11

with ingress traffic enabled 13

source ports 5

transmitted traffic 5

VLAN-based 6

spanning tree and native VLANs 17

Spanning Tree Protocol

See STP

SPAN traffic 4

split horizon, RIP 22

SRR

configuring

shaped weights on egress queues 75

shared weights on egress queues 76

shared weights on ingress queues 68

described 14

shaped mode 14

shared mode 14

support for 12

SSH

configuring 45

cryptographic software image 44

described 6, 44

encryption methods 44

user authentication methods, supported 45

SSL

configuration guidelines 51

configuring a secure HTTP client 54

configuring a secure HTTP server 52

cryptographic software image 48

described 48

monitoring 54

SSM

address management restrictions 15

CGMP limitations 16

components 14

configuration guidelines 15

configuring 13, 16

differs from Internet standard multicast 14

IGMP snooping 16

IGMPv3 14

IGMPv3 Host Signalling 15

IP address range 14

monitoring 16

operations 14

PIM 14

state maintenance limitations 16

SSM mapping 17

configuration guidelines 17

configuring 17, 19

DNS-based 18, 20

monitoring 21

overview 18

restrictions 17

static 18, 20

static traffic forwarding 21

standby command switch

configuring

considerations 11

defined 2

priority 10

requirements 3

virtual IP address 11

See also cluster standby group and HSRP

standby group, cluster

See cluster standby group and HSRP

standby ip command 6

standby links 2

standby router 1

standby timers, HSRP 10

startup configuration

booting

manually 17

specific image 18

clearing 18

configuration file

automatically downloading 16

specifying the filename 16

default boot configuration 16

static access ports

assigning to VLAN 9

defined 3

static addresses

See addresses

static IP routing 13

static MAC addressing 9

static route primary interface,configuring 10

static routes

configuring 88

configuring for IPv6 19

understanding 6

static routing 3

static routing support, enhanced object tracking 10

static SSM mapping 18, 20

static traffic forwarding 21

static VLAN membership 2

statistics

802.1X 17

802.1x 62

CDP 4

interface 31

IP multicast routing 62

LLDP 10

LLDP-MED 10

NMSP 10

OSPF 32

QoS ingress and egress 78

RMON group Ethernet 5

RMON group history 5

SNMP input and output 18

VTP 16

sticky learning 9

storm control

configuring 3

described 1

disabling 5

displaying 19

support for 4

thresholds 1

STP

accelerating root port selection 4

BackboneFast

described 5

disabling 14

enabling 13

BPDU filtering

described 3

disabling 12

enabling 12

BPDU guard

described 2

disabling 12

enabling 11

BPDU message exchange 3

configuration guidelines 12, 10

configuring

forward-delay time 21

hello time 20

maximum aging time 21

path cost 18

port priority 17

root switch 14

secondary root switch 16

spanning-tree mode 13

switch priority 19

transmit hold-count 22

counters, clearing 22

default configuration 11

default optional feature configuration 9

designated port, defined 3

designated switch, defined 3

detecting indirect link failures 5

disabling 14

displaying status 22

EtherChannel guard

described 7

disabling 14

enabling 14

extended system ID

effects on root switch 14

effects on the secondary root switch 16

overview 4

unexpected behavior 15

features supported 7

IEEE 802.1D and bridge ID 4

IEEE 802.1D and multicast addresses 8

IEEE 802.1t and VLAN identifier 4

inferior BPDU 3

instances supported 9

interface state, blocking to forwarding 2

interface states

blocking 5

disabled 7

forwarding 5, 6

learning 6

listening 6

overview 4

interoperability and compatibility among modes 10

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 8

limitations with IEEE 802.1Q trunks 10

load sharing

overview 22

using path costs 24

using port priorities 22

loop guard

described 9

enabling 15

modes supported 9

multicast addresses, effect of 8

optional features supported 7

overview 2

path costs 24, 25

Port Fast

described 2

enabling 10

port priorities 23

preventing root switch selection 8

protocols supported 9

redundant connectivity 8

root guard

described 8

enabling 15

root port, defined 3

root switch

configuring 15

effects of extended system ID 4, 14

election 3

unexpected behavior 15

shutdown Port Fast-enabled port 2

status, displaying 22

superior BPDU 3

timers, described 20

UplinkFast

described 3

enabling 13

VLAN-bridge 10

stratum, NTP 2

stub areas, OSPF 28

stub routing, EIGRP 39

subdomains, private VLAN 1

subnet mask 5

subnet zero 6

success response, VMPS 26

summer time 13

SunNet Manager 5

supernet 6

supported port-based authentication methods 7

Smartports macros

See also Auto Smartports macros

SVI autostate exclude

configuring 27

defined 6

SVI link state 6

SVIs

and IP unicast routing 3

and router ACLs 4

connecting VLANs 9

defined 5

routing between VLANs 2

switch 2

switch clustering technology 1

See also clusters, switch

switch console port 6

Switch Database Management

See SDM

switched packets, ACLs on 38

Switched Port Analyzer

See SPAN

switched ports 2

switchport backup interface 4, 5

switchport block multicast command 8

switchport block unicast command 8

switchport command 15

switchport mode dot1q-tunnel command 6

switchport protected command 7

switch priority

MSTP 21

STP 19

switch software features 1

switch virtual interface

See SVI

synchronization, BGP 45

syslog

See system message logging

system capabilities TLV 2

system clock

configuring

daylight saving time 13

manually 11

summer time 13

time zones 12

displaying the time and date 12

overview 1

See also NTP

system description TLV 2

system message logging

default configuration 3

defining error message severity levels 8

disabling 4

displaying the configuration 13

enabling 4

facility keywords, described 13

level keywords, described 9

limiting messages 10

message format 2

overview 1

sequence numbers, enabling and disabling 8

setting the display destination device 5

synchronizing log messages 6

syslog facility 14

time stamps, enabling and disabling 7

UNIX syslog servers

configuring the daemon 12

configuring the logging facility 12

facilities supported 13

system MTU

and IS-IS LSPs 66

system MTU and IEEE 802.1Q tunneling 5

system name

default configuration 15

default setting 15

manual configuration 15

See also DNS

system name TLV 2

system prompt, default setting 14, 15

system resources, optimizing 1

system routing

IS-IS 61

ISO IGRP 61

T

TACACS+

accounting, defined 11

authentication, defined 11

authorization, defined 11

configuring

accounting 17

authentication key 13

authorization 16

login authentication 14

default configuration 13

displaying the configuration 17

identifying the server 13

in clusters 14

limiting the services to the user 16

operation of 12

overview 10

support for 11

tracking services accessed by user 17

tagged packets

IEEE 802.1Q 3

Layer 2 protocol 7

tar files

creating 6

displaying the contents of 6

extracting 7

image file format 23

TCL script, registering and defining with embedded event manager 6

TDR 15

Telnet

accessing management interfaces 10

number of connections 6

setting a password 6

temporary self-signed certificate 49

Terminal Access Controller Access Control System Plus

See TACACS+

terminal lines, setting a password 6

TFTP

configuration files

downloading 11

preparing the server 10

uploading 11

configuration files in base directory 7

configuring for autoconfiguration 7

image files

deleting 27

downloading 25

preparing the server 25

uploading 27

limiting access by servers 16

TFTP server 5

threshold, traffic level 2

threshold monitoring, IP SLAs 6

time

See NTP and system clock

Time Domain Reflector

See TDR

time-range command 16

time ranges in ACLs 16

time stamps in log messages 7

time zones 12

TLVs

defined 1

LLDP 1

LLDP-MED 2

Token Ring VLANs

support for 6

VTP support 4

ToS 12

traceroute, Layer 2

and ARP 15

and CDP 15

broadcast traffic 15

described 15

IP addresses and subnets 15

MAC addresses and VLANs 15

multicast traffic 15

multiple devices on a port 16

unicast traffic 15

usage guidelines 15

traceroute command 17

See also IP traceroute

tracked lists

configuring 3

types 3

tracked objects

by Boolean expression 4

by threshold percentage 6

by threshold weight 5

tracking interface line-protocol state 2

tracking IP routing state 2

tracking objects 1

tracking process 1

track state, tracking IP SLAs 9

traffic

blocking flooded 8

fragmented 5

fragmented IPv6 2

unfragmented 5

traffic policing 12

traffic suppression 1

transmit hold-count

see STP

transparent mode, VTP 3

trap-door mechanism 2

traps

configuring MAC address notification 22, 24, 25

configuring managers 11

defined 3

enabling 22, 24, 25, 11

notification types 12

overview 1, 4

troubleshooting

connectivity problems 13, 14, 16

CPU utilization 24

detecting unidirectional links 1

displaying crash information 23

PIMv1 and PIMv2 interoperability problems 35

setting packet forwarding 20

SFP security and identification 12

show forward command 20

with CiscoWorks 4

with debug commands 19

with ping 13

with system message logging 1

with traceroute 16

trunk failover

See link-state tracking

trunking encapsulation 8

trunk ports

configuring 19

defined 3

encapsulation 19, 23, 25

trunks

allowed-VLAN list 20

configuring 19, 23, 25

ISL 15

load sharing

setting STP path costs 24

using STP port priorities 22, 23

native VLAN for untagged traffic 21

parallel 24

pruning-eligible list 21

to non-DTP device 15

trusted boundary for QoS 38

trusted port states

between QoS domains 40

classification options 5

ensuring port security for IP phones 38

support for 12

within a QoS domain 36

trustpoints, CA 49

tunneling

defined 1

IEEE 802.1Q 1

Layer 2 protocol 8

tunnel ports

defined 4

described 4, 1

IEEE 802.1Q, configuring 6

incompatibilities with other features 6

twisted-pair Ethernet, detecting unidirectional links 1

type of service

See ToS

U

UDLD

configuration guidelines 4

default configuration 4

disabling

globally 5

on fiber-optic interfaces 5

per interface 5

echoing detection mechanism 2

enabling

globally 5

per interface 5

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 10

link-detection mechanism 1

neighbor database 2

overview 1

resetting an interface 6

status, displaying 6

support for 7

UDP, configuring 14

UDP jitter, configuring 9

UDP jitter operation, IP SLAs 9

unauthorized ports with IEEE 802.1x 10

unicast MAC address filtering 5

and adding static addresses 28

and broadcast MAC addresses 27

and CPU packets 27

and multicast addresses 27

and router MAC addresses 27

configuration guidelines 27

described 27

unicast storm 1

unicast storm control command 4

unicast traffic, blocking 8

UniDirectional Link Detection protocol

See UDLD

UNIX syslog servers

daemon configuration 12

facilities supported 13

message logging configuration 12

unrecognized Type-Length-Value (TLV) support 4

upgrading software images

See downloading

UplinkFast

described 3

disabling 13

enabling 13

support for 7

uploading

configuration files

preparing 10, 12, 15

reasons for 8

using FTP 14

using RCP 17

using TFTP 11

image files

preparing 25, 28, 33

reasons for 23

using FTP 31

using RCP 35

using TFTP 27

User Datagram Protocol

See UDP

user EXEC mode 2

username-based authentication 6

V

version-dependent transparent mode 4

virtual IP address

cluster standby group 11

command switch 11

Virtual Private Network

See VPN

virtual router 1, 2

virtual switches and PAgP 5

vlan.dat file 5

VLAN 1, disabling on a trunk port 20

VLAN 1 minimization 20

VLAN ACLs

See VLAN maps

vlan-assignment response, VMPS 26

VLAN configuration

at bootup 7

saving 7

VLAN configuration mode 2

VLAN database

and startup configuration file 7

and VTP 1

VLAN configuration saved in 7

VLANs saved in 4

vlan dot1q tag native command 5

VLAN filtering and SPAN 6

vlan global configuration command 7

VLAN ID, discovering 30

VLAN link state 5

VLAN load balancing on flex links 2

configuration guidelines 8

VLAN management domain 2

VLAN Management Policy Server

See VMPS

VLAN map entries, order of 30

VLAN maps

applying 34

common uses for 34

configuration guidelines 30

configuring 29

creating 31

defined 2

denying access to a server example 35

denying and permitting packets 31

displaying 41

examples of ACLs and VLAN maps 32

removing 34

support for 9

wiring closet configuration example 35

VLAN membership

confirming 29

modes 3

VLAN Query Protocol

See VQP

VLANs

adding 8

adding to VLAN database 8

aging dynamic addresses 9

allowed on trunk 20

and spanning-tree instances 3, 6, 11

configuration guidelines, extended-range VLANs 11

configuration guidelines, normal-range VLANs 6

configuring 1

configuring IDs 1006 to 4094 11

connecting through SVIs 9

creating 8

customer numbering in service-provider networks 3

default configuration 7

deleting 9

described 2, 1

displaying 14

extended-range 1, 10

features 8

illustrated 2

internal 11

limiting source traffic with RSPAN 21

limiting source traffic with SPAN 14

modifying 8

multicast 17

native, configuring 21

normal-range 1, 4

number supported 8

parameters 5

port membership modes 3

static-access ports 9

STP and IEEE 802.1Q trunks 10

supported 2

Token Ring 6

traffic between 2

VLAN-bridge STP 10, 2

VTP modes 3

VLAN Trunking Protocol

See VTP

VLAN trunks 15

VMPS

administering 30

configuration example 31

configuration guidelines 27

default configuration 27

description 25

dynamic port membership

described 26

reconfirming 29

troubleshooting 31

entering server address 28

mapping MAC addresses to VLANs 26

monitoring 30

reconfirmation interval, changing 29

reconfirming membership 29

retry count, changing 30

voice aware 802.1x security

port-based authentication

configuring 35

described 28, 35

voice-over-IP 1

voice VLAN

Cisco 7960 phone, port connections 1

configuration guidelines 3

configuring IP phones for data traffic

override CoS of incoming frame 6

trust CoS priority of incoming frame