Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS SAN Switching Configuration Guide
Configuring Port Security
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Configuring Port Security

Contents

Configuring Port Security

This chapter contains the following sections:

Configuring Port Security

Cisco SAN switches provide port security features that reject intrusion attempts and report these intrusions to the administrator.


Note


Port security is supported on virtual Fibre Channel ports.


Information About Port Security

Typically, any Fibre Channel device in a SAN can attach to any SAN switch port and access SAN services based on zone membership. Port security features prevent unauthorized access to a switch port, using the following methods:


  • Login requests from unauthorized Fibre Channel devices (N ports) and switches (xE ports) are rejected.

  • All intrusion attempts are reported to the SAN administrator through system messages.

  • Configuration distribution uses the CFS infrastructure, and is limited to those switches that are CFS capable. Distribution is disabled by default.

Port Security Enforcement

To enforce port security, configure the devices and switch port interfaces through which each device or switch is connected, and activate the configuration.


  • Use the port world wide name (pWWN) or the node world wide name (nWWN) to specify the N port connection for each device.

  • Use the switch world wide name (sWWN) to specify the xE port connection for each switch.

Each N and xE port can be configured to restrict a single port or a range of ports.

Enforcement of port security policies are done on every activation and when the port tries to come up.

The port security feature uses two databases to accept and implement configuration changes.


  • Configuration database—All configuration changes are stored in the configuration database.

  • Active database—The database currently enforced by the fabric. The port security feature requires all devices connecting to a switch to be part of the port security active database. The software uses this active database to enforce authorization.

About Auto-Learning

You can instruct the switch to automatically learn (auto-learn) the port security configurations over a specified period. This feature allows any Cisco SAN switch to automatically learn about devices and switches that connect to it. Use this feature when you activate the port security feature for the first time as it saves tedious manual configuration for each port. You must configure auto-learning on a per-VSAN basis. If enabled, devices and switches that are allowed to connect to the switch are automatically learned, even if you have not configured any port access.

When auto-learning is enabled, learning happens only for the devices or interfaces that were not already logged into the switch. Learned entries on a port are cleaned up after you shut down that port if auto-learning is still enabled.

Learning does not override the existing configured port security policies. For example, if an interface is configured to allow a specific pWWN, then auto-learning will not add a new entry to allow any other pWWN on that interface. All other pWWNs will be blocked even in auto-learning mode.

No entries are learned for a port in the shutdown state.

When you activate the port security feature, auto-learning is also automatically enabled.


Note


If you enable auto-learning before activating port security, you cannot activate port security until auto-learning is disabled.


Port Security Activation

By default, the port security feature is not activated.

When you activate the port security feature, the following operations occur:


  • Auto-learning is also automatically enabled, which means:


    • From this point, auto-learning happens only for the devices or interfaces that were not logged into the switch.

    • You cannot activate the database until you disable auto-learning.

  • All the devices that are already logged in are learned and are added to the active database.

  • All entries in the configured database are copied to the active database.

After the database is activated, subsequent device login is subject to the activated port bound WWN pairs, excluding the auto-learned entries. You must disable auto-learning before the auto-learned entries become activated.

When you activate the port security feature, auto-learning is also automatically enabled. You can choose to activate the port security feature and disable auto-learning.

If a port is shut down because of a denied login attempt, and you subsequently configure the database to allow that login, the port does not come up automatically. You must explicitly enter a no shutdown CLI command to bring that port back online.

Configuring Port Security

Configuring Port Security with Auto-Learning and CFS Distribution

To configure port security, using auto-learning and CFS distribution, perform this task:

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    Enable port security.

2.    Enable CFS distribution.

3.    Activate port security on each VSAN.

4.    Issue a CFS commit to copy this configuration to all switches in the fabric.

5.    Wait until all switches and all hosts are automatically learned.

6.    Disable auto-learn on each VSAN.

7.    Issue a CFS commit to copy this configuration to all switches in the fabric.

8.    Copy the active database to the configure database on each VSAN.

9.    Issue a CFS commit to copy this configuration to all switches in the fabric.

10.    Copy the running configuration to the startup configuration, using the fabric option.


DETAILED STEPS
Step 1   Enable port security.
Step 2   Enable CFS distribution.
Step 3   Activate port security on each VSAN.

This action turns on auto-learning by default.

Step 4   Issue a CFS commit to copy this configuration to all switches in the fabric.

All switches have port security activated with auto-learning enabled.

Step 5   Wait until all switches and all hosts are automatically learned.
Step 6   Disable auto-learn on each VSAN.
Step 7   Issue a CFS commit to copy this configuration to all switches in the fabric.

The auto-learned entries from every switch are combined into a static active database that is distributed to all switches.

Step 8   Copy the active database to the configure database on each VSAN.
Step 9   Issue a CFS commit to copy this configuration to all switches in the fabric.

This ensures that the configure database is the same on all switches in the fabric.

Step 10   Copy the running configuration to the startup configuration, using the fabric option.

Configuring Port Security with Auto-Learning without CFS

To configure port security using auto-learning without CFS, perform this task:

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    Enable port security.

2.    Activate port security on each VSAN, which turns on auto-learning by default.

3.    Wait until all switches and all hosts are automatically learned.

4.    Disable auto-learn on each VSAN.

5.    Copy the active database to the configure database on each VSAN.

6.    Copy the running configuration to the startup configuration, which saves the port security configuration database to the startup configuration.

7.    Repeat the above steps for all switches in the fabric.


DETAILED STEPS
Step 1   Enable port security.
Step 2   Activate port security on each VSAN, which turns on auto-learning by default.
Step 3   Wait until all switches and all hosts are automatically learned.
Step 4   Disable auto-learn on each VSAN.
Step 5   Copy the active database to the configure database on each VSAN.
Step 6   Copy the running configuration to the startup configuration, which saves the port security configuration database to the startup configuration.
Step 7   Repeat the above steps for all switches in the fabric.

Configuring Port Security with Manual Database Configuration

To configure port security and manually configure the port security database, perform this task:

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    Enable port security.

2.    Manually configure all port security entries into the configure database on each VSAN.

3.    Activate port security on each VSAN. This turns on auto-learning by default.

4.    Disable auto-learn on each VSAN.

5.    Copy the running configuration to the startup configuration, which saves the port security configuration database to the startup configuration.

6.    Repeat the above steps for all switches in the fabric.


DETAILED STEPS
Step 1   Enable port security.
Step 2   Manually configure all port security entries into the configure database on each VSAN.
Step 3   Activate port security on each VSAN. This turns on auto-learning by default.
Step 4   Disable auto-learn on each VSAN.
Step 5   Copy the running configuration to the startup configuration, which saves the port security configuration database to the startup configuration.
Step 6   Repeat the above steps for all switches in the fabric.

Enabling Port Security

By default, the port security feature is disabled.

To enable port security, perform this task:

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    switch# configuration terminal

2.    switch(config)# feature port-security


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1 switch# configuration terminal
 

Enters configuration mode.

 
Step 2 switch(config)# feature port-security
 

Enables port security on that switch.

 

Port Security Activation

Activating Port Security

To activate port security, perform this task:

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    switch# configuration terminal

2.    switch(config)# fc-port-security activate vsan vsan-id no-auto-learn


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1 switch# configuration terminal
 

Enters configuration mode.

 
Step 2 switch(config)# fc-port-security activate vsan vsan-id no-auto-learn
 

Activates the port security database for the specified VSAN. Use the no-auto-learn keyword to disable auto-learning.

 

Database Activation Rejection

Database activation is rejected in the following cases:


  • Missing or conflicting entries exist in the configuration database but not in the active database.

  • The auto-learning feature was enabled before the activation. To reactivate a database in this state, disable auto-learning.

  • The exact security is not configured for each port channel member.

  • The configured database is empty but the active database is not.

If the database activation is rejected due to one or more conflicts listed in the previous section, you may decide to proceed by forcing the port security activation.

Forcing Port Security Activation

If the port security activation request is rejected, you can force the activation.


Note


If you force the activation, existing devices are logged out if they violate the active database.


You can view missing or conflicting entries using the fc-port-security database diff active vsan command.

To forcefully activate the port security database, perform this task:

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    switch# configuration terminal

2.    switch(config)# fc-port-security activate vsan vsan-id force


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1 switch# configuration terminal
 

Enters configuration mode.

 
Step 2 switch(config)# fc-port-security activate vsan vsan-id force
 

Forces the port security database to activate for the specified VSAN even if conflicts occur.

 

Database Reactivation


Tip


If auto-learning is enabled, you cannot activate the database without the force option until you disable auto-learning.


To reactivate the port security database, perform this task:

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    switch# configuration terminal

2.    switch(config)# no fc-no port-security auto-learn vsan vsan-id

3.    switch(config)# exit

4.    switch# fc-port-security database copy vsan vsan-id

5.    switch# configuration terminal

6.    switch(config)# fc-port-security activate vsan vsan-id


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1 switch# configuration terminal
 

Enters configuration mode.

 
Step 2 switch(config)# no fc-no port-security auto-learn vsan vsan-id
 

Disables auto-learning and stops the switch from learning about new devices accessing the switch. Enforces the database contents based on the devices learned up to this point.

 
Step 3 switch(config)# exit
 
 
Step 4 switch# fc-port-security database copy vsan vsan-id
 

Copies from the active to the configured database.

 
Step 5 switch# configuration terminal
 

Re-enters configuration mode.

 
Step 6 switch(config)# fc-port-security activate vsan vsan-id
 

Activates the port security database for the specified VSAN, and automatically enables auto-learning.

 

Auto-Learning

About Enabling Auto-Learning

The state of the auto-learning configuration depends on the state of the port security feature:


  • If the port security feature is not activated, auto-learning is disabled by default.

  • If the port security feature is activated, auto-learning is enabled by default (unless you explicitly disabled this option).


Tip


If auto-learning is enabled on a VSAN, you can only activate the database for that VSAN by using the force option.


Enabling Auto-Learning

To enable auto-learning, perform this task:

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    switch# configuration terminal

2.    switch(config)# fc-port-security auto-learn vsan vsan-id


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1 switch# configuration terminal
 

Enters configuration mode.

 
Step 2 switch(config)# fc-port-security auto-learn vsan vsan-id
 

Enables auto-learning so the switch can learn about any device that is allowed to access VSAN 1. These devices are logged in the port security active database.

 

Disabling Auto-Learning

To disable auto-learning, perform this task:

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    switch# configuration terminal

2.    switch(config)# no fc-port-security auto-learn vsan vsan-id


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1 switch# configuration terminal
 

Enters configuration mode.

 
Step 2 switch(config)# no fc-port-security auto-learn vsan vsan-id
 

Disables auto-learning and stops the switch from learning about new devices accessing the switch. Enforces the database contents based on the devices learned up to this point.

 

Auto-Learning Device Authorization

The following table summarizes the authorized connection conditions for device requests.

Table 1 Authorized Auto-Learning Device Requests

Condition

Device (pWWN, nWWN, sWWN)

Requests Connection to

Authorization

1

Configured with one or more switch ports

A configured switch port

Permitted

2

Any other switch port

Denied

3

Not configured

A switch port that is not configured

Permitted if auto-learning enabled

4

Denied ifauto-learning disabled

5

Configured or not configured

A switch port that allows any device

Permitted

6

Configured to log in to any switch port

Any port on the switch

Permitted

7

Not configured

A port configured with some other device

Denied

Authorization Scenario

Assume that the port security feature is activated and the following conditions are specified in the active database:


  • A pWWN (P1) is allowed access through interface vfc 1 (F1).

  • A pWWN (P2) is allowed access through interface vfc 2 (F1).

  • A nWWN (N1) is allowed access through interface vfc 3 (F2).

  • Any WWN is allowed access through interface vfc 4 (F3).

  • A nWWN (N3) is allowed access through any interface.

  • A pWWN (P3) is allowed access through interface vfc 5 (F4).

  • A sWWN (S1) is allowed access through interface vfc 6 -8 (F10 to F13).

  • A pWWN (P10) is allowed access through interface vfc 9 (F11).

The following table summarizes the port security authorization results for this active database.

Table 2  Authorization Results for Scenario

Device Connection Request

Authorization

Condition

Reason

P1, N2, F1

Permitted

1

No conflict.

P2, N2, F1

Permitted

1

No conflict.

P3, N2, F1

Denied

2

F1 is bound to P1/P2.

P1, N3, F1

Permitted

6

Wildcard match for N3.

P1, N1, F3

Permitted

5

Wildcard match for F3.

P1, N4, F5

Denied

2

P1 is bound to F1.

P5, N1, F5

Denied

2

N1 is only allowed on F2.

P3, N3, F4

Permitted

1

No conflict.

S1, F10

Permitted

1

No conflict.

S2, F11

Denied

7

P10 is bound to F11.

P4, N4, F5 (auto-learning on)

Permitted

3

No conflict.

P4, N4, F5 (auto-learning off)

Denied

4

No match.

S3, F5 (auto-learning on)

Permitted

3

No conflict.

S3, F5 (auto-learning off)

Denied

4

No match.

P1, N1, F6 (auto-learning on)

Denied

2

P1 is bound to F1.

P5, N5, F1 (auto-learning on)

Denied

7

Only P1 and P2 bound to F1.

S3, F4 (auto-learning on)

Denied

7

P3 paired with F4.

S1, F3 (auto-learning on)

Permitted

5

No conflict.

P5, N3, F3

Permitted

6

Wildcard ( * ) match for F3 and N3.

P7, N3, F9

Permitted

6

Wildcard ( * ) match for N3.

Port Security Manual Configuration

To manually configure port security, perform this task:

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    Identify the WWN of the ports that need to be secured.

2.    Secure the fWWN to an authorized nWWN or pWWN.

3.    Activate the port security database.

4.    Verify your configuration.


DETAILED STEPS
Step 1   Identify the WWN of the ports that need to be secured.
Step 2   Secure the fWWN to an authorized nWWN or pWWN.
Step 3   Activate the port security database.
Step 4   Verify your configuration.

WWN Identification Guidelines

If you decide to manually configure port security, note the following guidelines:


  • Identify switch ports by the interface or by the fWWN.

  • Identify devices by the pWWN or by the nWWN.

  • If an N port is allowed to log in to SAN switch port F, then that N port can only log in through the specified F port.

  • If an N port’s nWWN is bound to an F port WWN, then all pWWNs in the N port are implicitly paired with the F port.

  • TE port checking is done on each VSAN in the allowed VSAN list of the VSAN trunk port.

  • All port channel xE ports must be configured with the same set of WWNs in the same SAN port channel.

  • E port security is implemented in the port VSAN of the E port. In this case, the sWWN is used to secure authorization checks.

  • Once activated, the configuration database can be modified without any effect on the active database.

  • By saving the running configuration, you save the configuration database and activated entries in the active database. Learned entries in the active database are not saved.

Adding Authorized Port Pairs

After identifying the WWN pairs that need to be bound, add those pairs to the port security database.


Tip


Remote switch binding can be specified at the local switch. To specify the remote interfaces, you can use either the fWWN or sWWN-interface combination.


To add authorized port pairs for port security, perform this task:

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    switch# configuration terminal

2.    switch(config)# fc-port-security database vsan vsan-id

3.    switch(config)# no fc-port-security database vsan vsan-id

4.    switch(fc-config-port-security)# swwn swwn-id interface san-port-channel 5

5.    switch(fc-config-port-security)# any-wwn interface vfc if-number - vfc if-number


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1 switch# configuration terminal
 

Enters configuration mode.

 
Step 2 switch(config)# fc-port-security database vsan vsan-id
 

Enters the port security database mode for the specified VSAN.

 
Step 3 switch(config)# no fc-port-security database vsan vsan-id
 

Deletes the port security configuration database from the specified VSAN.

 
Step 4 switch(fc-config-port-security)# swwn swwn-id interface san-port-channel 5
 

Configures the specified sWWN to only log in through SAN port channel 5.

 
Step 5 switch(fc-config-port-security)# any-wwn interface vfc if-number - vfc if-number
 

Configures any WWN to log in through the specified interfaces.

 

This example enters the port security database mode for VSAN 2:

switch(config)# fc-port-security database vsan 2

This example configures the specified sWWN to only log in through SAN port channel 5:

switch(fc-config-port-security)# 
swwn 20:01:33:11:00:2a:4a:66 interface san-port-channel 5

This example configures the specified pWWN to log in through the specified interface in the specified switch:

switch(fc-config-port-security)# 
pwwn 20:11:33:11:00:2a:4a:66 swwn 20:00:00:0c:85:90:3e:80 interface vfc 2

This example configures any WWN to log in through the specified interface in any switch:

switch(fc-config-port-security)# any-wwn interface vfc 2

Port Security Configuration Distribution

The port security feature uses the Cisco Fabric Services (CFS) infrastructure to enable efficient database management, provide a single point of configuration for the entire fabric in the VSAN, and enforce the port security policies throughout the fabric.

Enabling Port Security Distribution

All the configurations performed in distributed mode are stored in a pending (temporary) database. If you modify the configuration, you need to commit or discard the pending database changes to the configurations. The fabric remains locked during this period. Changes to the pending database are not reflected in the configurations until you commit the changes.


Note


Port activation or deactivation and auto-learning enable or disable do not take effect until after a CFS commit if CFS distribution is enabled. Always follow any one of these operations with a CFS commit to ensure proper configuration.


For example, if you activate port security, follow up by disabling auto-learning, and finally commit the changes in the pending database, then the net result of your actions is the same as entering a fc-port-security activate vsan vsan-id no-auto-learn command.


Tip


We recommend that you perform a commit after you activate port security and after you enable auto learning.


To enable the port security distribution, perform this task:

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    switch# configuration terminal

2.    switch(config)# fc-port-security distribute

3.    switch(config)# no fc-port-security distribute


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1 switch# configuration terminal
 

Enters configuration mode.

 
Step 2 switch(config)# fc-port-security distribute
 

Enables distribution.

 
Step 3 switch(config)# no fc-port-security distribute
 

Disables distribution.

 

Locking the Fabric

The first action that modifies the existing configuration creates the pending database and locks the feature in the VSAN. Once you lock the fabric, the following situations apply:


  • No other user can make any configuration changes to this feature.

  • A copy of the configuration database becomes the pending database.

Committing the Changes

If you commit the changes made to the configurations, the configurations in the pending database are distributed to other switches. On a successful commit, the configuration change is applied throughout the fabric and the lock is released.

To commit the port security configuration changes for the specified VSAN, perform this task:

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    switch# configuration terminal

2.    switch(config)# fc-port-security commit vsan vsan-id


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1 switch# configuration terminal
 

Enters configuration mode.

 
Step 2 switch(config)# fc-port-security commit vsan vsan-id
 

Commits the port security changes in the specified VSAN.

 

Discarding the Changes

If you discard (abort) the changes made to the pending database, the configuration remains unaffected and the lock is released.

To discard the port security configuration changes for the specified VSAN, perform this task:

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    switch# configuration terminal

2.    switch(config)# fc-port-security abort vsan vsan-id


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1 switch# configuration terminal
 

Enters configuration mode.

 
Step 2 switch(config)# fc-port-security abort vsan vsan-id
 

Discards the port security changes in the specified VSAN and clears the pending configuration database.

 

Activation and Auto-Learning Configuration Distribution

Activation and auto-learning configurations in distributed mode are remembered as actions to be performed when you commit the changes in the pending database.

Learned entries are temporary and do not have any role in determining if a login is authorized or not. As such, learned entries do not participate in distribution. When you disable learning and commit the changes in the pending database, the learned entries become static entries in the active database and are distributed to all switches in the fabric. After the commit, the active database on all switches are identical and learning can be disabled.

If the pending database contains more than one activation and auto-learning configuration when you commit the changes, the activation and auto-learning changes are consolidated and the resulting operation may change (see the following table.

Table 3 Scenarios for Activation and Auto-learning Configurations in Distributed Mode

Scenario

Actions

Distribution = OFF

Distribution = ON

A and B exist in the configuration database, activation is not done and devices C,D are logged in.

1. You activate the port security database and enable auto-learning.

configuration database = {A,B}

active database = {A,B, C1, D*}

configuration database = {A,B}

active database = {null}

pending database = {A,B + activation to be enabled}

2. A new entry E is added to the configuration database.

configuration database = {A,B, E}

active database = {A,B, C*, D*}

configuration database = {A,B}

active database = {null}

pending database = {A,B, E + activation to be enabled}

3. You issue a commit.

Not applicable

configuration database = {A,B, E}

active database = {A,B, E, C*, D*}

pending database = empty

A and B exist in the configuration database, activation is not done and devices C,D are logged in.

1. You activate the port security database and enable auto-learning.

configuration database = {A,B}

active database = {A,B, C*, D*}

configuration database = {A,B}

active database = {null}

pending database = {A,B + activation to be enabled}

2. You disable learning.

configuration database = {A,B}

active database = {A,B, C, D}

configuration database = {A,B}

active database = {null}

pending database = {A,B + activation to be enabled +learning to be disabled}

3. You issue a commit.

Not applicable

configuration database = {A,B}

active database = {A,B} and devices C and D are logged out. This is equal to an activation with auto-learning disabled.

pending database = empty

1 The * (asterisk) indicates learned entries.

Port Security Database Merge Guidelines

A database merge refers to a union of the configuration database and static (unlearned) entries in the active database.

When merging the database between two fabrics, follow these guidelines:


  • Verify that the activation status and the auto-learning status is the same in both fabrics.

  • Verify that the combined number of configurations for each VSAN in both databases does not exceed 2000.


Caution


If you do not follow these two conditions, the merge will fail. The next distribution will forcefully synchronize the databases and the activation states in the fabric.


Database Interaction

The following table lists the differences and interaction between the active and configuration databases.

Table 4 Active and Configuration Port Security Databases

Active Database

Configuration Database

Read-only.

Read-write.

Saving the configuration only saves the activated entries. Learned entries are not saved.

Saving the configuration saves all the entries in the configuration database.

Once activated, all devices that have already logged into the VSAN are also learned and added to the active database.

Once activated, the configuration database can be modified without any effect on the active database.

You can overwrite the active database with the configured database by activating the port security database. Forcing an activation may violate the entries already configured in the active database.

You can overwrite the configuration database with the active database.


Note


You can overwrite the configuration database with the active database using the fc-port-security database copy vsan command. The fc-port-security database diff active vsan command lists the differences between the active database and the configuration database.


Database Scenarios

the following figure illustrates various scenarios showing the active database and the configuration database status based on port security configurations.

Figure 1. Port Security Database Scenarios

Copying the Port Security Database


Tip


We recommend that you copy the active database to the config database after disabling auto-learning. This action will ensure that the configuration database is in synchronization with the active database. If distribution is enabled, this command creates a temporary copy (and consequently a fabric lock) of the configuration database. If you lock the fabric, you need to commit the changes to the configuration databases in all the switches.


Use the fc- port-security database copy vsan command to copy from the active to the configured database. If the active database is empty, this command is not accepted.

switch# fc-port-security database copy vsan 1

Use the fc- port-security database diff active vsan command to view the differences between the active database and the configuration database. This command can be used when resolving conflicts.

switch# fc-port-security database diff active vsan 1

Use the fc-port-security database diff config vsan command to obtain information on the differences between the configuration database and the active database.

switch# fc-port-security database diff config vsan 1

Deleting the Port Security Database


Tip


If the distribution is enabled, the deletion creates a copy of the database. An explicit fc-port-security commit command is required to actually delete the database.


Use the no fc- port-security database vsan command in configuration mode to delete the configured database for a specified VSAN.

switch(config)# no fc-port-security database vsan 1

Clearing the Port Security Database

Use the clear fc-port-security statistics vsan command to clear all existing statistics from the port security database for a specified VSAN.

switch# clear fc-port-security statistics vsan 1

Use the clear fc-port-security database auto-learn interface command to clear any learned entries in the active database for a specified interface within a VSAN.

switch# clear fc-port-security database auto-learn interface fc2/1 vsan 1

Use the clear fc-port-security database auto-learn vsan command to clear any learned entries in the active database for the entire VSAN.

switch# clear fc-port-security database auto-learn vsan 1

Note


The clear fc-port-security database auto-learn and clear fc-port-security statistics commands are only relevant to the local switch and do not acquire locks. Also, learned entries are only local to the switch and do not participate in distribution.


Use the fc-port-security clear vsan command to clear the pending session in the VSAN from any switch in the VSAN.

switch# clear fc-port-security session vsan 5

Verifying the Port Security Configuration

The show fc-port-security database commands display the configured port security information. You can optionally specify a fWWN and a VSAN, or an interface and a VSAN in the show fc-port-security command to view the output of the activated port security.

Access information for each port can be individually displayed. If you specify the fWWN or interface options, all devices that are paired in the active database (at that point) with the given fWWN or the interface are displayed.

The following example shows how to display the port security configuration database:

switch# show fc-port-security database 

The following example shows how to display the port security configuration database for VSAN 1:

switch# show fc-port-security database vsan 1

The following example shows how to display the activated database:

switch# show fc-port-security database active

The following example shows how to display difference between the temporary configuration database and the configuration database:

switch# show fc-port-security pending-diff vsan 1

The following example shows how to display the configured fWWN port security in VSAN 1:

switch# show fc-port-security database fwwn 20:01:00:05:30:00:95:de vsan 1
20:00:00:0c:88:00:4a:e2(swwn)

The following example shows how to display the port security statistics:

switch# show fc-port-security statistics

The following example shows how to verify the status of the active database and the auto-learning configuration:

switch# show fc-port-security status

Default Port Security Settings

The following table lists the default settings for all port security features in any switch.

Table 5  Default Security Settings

Parameters

Default

Auto-learn

Enabled if port security is enabled.

Port security

Disabled.

Distribution

Disabled.

Note   

Enabling distribution enables it on all VSANs in the switch.