Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Fundamentals Configuration Guide, Release 6.x
Using the Device File Systems, Directories, and Files
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Using the Device File Systems, Directories, and Files

Contents

Using the Device File Systems, Directories, and Files

This chapter contains the following sections:

Finding Feature Information

Your software release might not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see the Bug Search Tool at https:/​/​tools.cisco.com/​bugsearch/​ and the release notes for your software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the “New and Changed Information” chapter or the Feature History table below.

Information About the Device File Systems, Directories, and Files

This section describes file systems, directories, and files on the Cisco NX-OS device.

File Systems

The syntax for specifying a local file system is filesystem:[//modules/].
This table describes file systems that you can reference on your device.

Table 1  File System Syntax Components

File System Name

Module

Description

bootflash

sup-active

sup-local

Internal CompactFlash memory located on the active supervisor module used for storing image files, configuration files, and other miscellaneous files. The initial default directory is bootflash.

sup-standby

sup-remote

Internal CompactFlash memory located on the standby supervisor module used for storing image files, configuration files, and other miscellaneous files.

slot0

External CompactFlash memory installed in a supervisor module used for storing system images, configuration files, and other miscellaneous files.

volatile

Volatile random-access memory (VRAM) located on a supervisor module used for temporary or pending changes.

nvram

Nonvolatile random-access memory (NVRAM) located on a supervisor module used for storing the startup-configuration file.

log

Memory on the active supervisor that stores logging file statistics.

system

Memory on a supervisor module used for storing the running-configuration file.

debug

Memory on a supervisor module used for debug logs.

usb1

External USB flash memory installed in a supervisor module used for storing image files, configuration files, and other miscellaneous files.

usb2

External USB flash memory installed in a supervisor module used for storing image files, configuration files, and other miscellaneous files.

Directories

You can create directories on bootflash: and external flash memory (slot0:, usb1:, and usb2:). You can navigate through these directories and use them for files.

Files

You create and access files on bootflash:. volatile:, slot0:, usb1:, and usb2: file systems. You can only access files on the system: file systems. You can use the debug: file system for debug log files specified in the debug logfile command.

You can download files, such as system image files, from remote servers using FTP, Secure Copy (SCP), Secure Shell FTP (SFTP), and TFTP. You can also copy files from an external server to the device, because the device can act as an SCP server.

Virtualization Support for File Systems

Most file system, directory, and file configuration and operations are local to the virtual device context (VDC). One exception is formatting an external Flash device, which you must perform from the default VDC. For more information on VDCs, see the Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Virtual Device Context Configuration Guide.

Licensing Requirements for File Systems, Directories, and Files

The following table shows the licensing requirements for this feature:

Product

License Requirement

Cisco NX-OS

Using the file systems, directories, and files requires no license. Any feature not included in a license package is bundled with the Cisco NX-OS system images and is provided at no extra charge to you. For a complete explanation of the Cisco NX-OS licensing scheme, see the Cisco NX-OS Licensing Guide.

Formatting External Flash Devices

You can format an external flash device to erase the contents from the default VDC and restore it to its factory-shipped state.


Note


For information on recovering corrupted bootflash using formatting, see the Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Troubleshooting Guide.


Before You Begin

Ensure you are in the default VDC.

Insert the external flash device in the active supervisor module.

Procedure
 Command or ActionPurpose
Step 1 dir {slot0: | usb1: | usb2:}


Example:
switch# dir slot0:
 
(Optional)

Displays the contents of an external flash device.

 
Step 2 format {slot0: | usb1: | usb2:}


Example:
switch# format slot0:
 

Formats an external flash device.

 

Working with Directories

This section describes how to work with directories on the Cisco NX-OS device.

Identifying the Current Directory

You can display the directory name of your current directory.

Procedure
 Command or ActionPurpose
Step 1 pwd


Example:
switch# pwd
 

Displays the name of your current directory.

 

Changing the Current Directory

You can change the current directory for file system operations. The initial default directory is bootflash:.

Procedure
 Command or ActionPurpose
Step 1 pwd


Example:
switch# pwd
 
(Optional)

Displays the name of your current default directory.

 
Step 2 cd {directory | filesystem:[//module/][directory]}


Example:
switch# cd slot0:
 

Changes to a new current directory. The file system, module, and directory names are case sensitive.

 

Creating a Directory

You can create directories in the bootflash: and flash device file systems.

Procedure
 Command or ActionPurpose
Step 1 pwd


Example:
switch# pwd
 
(Optional)

Displays the name of your current default directory.

 
Step 2 cd {directory | filesystem:[//module/][directory]}


Example:
switch# cd slot0:
 
(Optional)

Changes to a new current directory. The file system, module, and directory names are case sensitive.

 
Step 3 mkdir [filesystem:[//module/]]directory


Example:
switch# mkdir test
 

Creates a new directory. The filesystem argument is case sensitive. The directory argument is alphanumeric, case sensitive, and has a maximum of 64 characters.

 

Displaying Directory Contents

You can display the contents of a directory.

Procedure
 Command or ActionPurpose
Step 1 dir [directory | filesystem:[//module/][directory]]


Example:
switch# dir bootflash:test
 

Displays the directory contents. The default is the current working directory. The file system and directory names are case sensitive.

 

Deleting a Directory

You can remove directories from the file systems on your device.

Before You Begin

Ensure that the directory is empty before you try to delete it.

Procedure
 Command or ActionPurpose
Step 1 pwd


Example:
switch# pwd
 
(Optional)

Displays the name of your current default directory.

 
Step 2 dir [filesystem :[//module/][directory]]


Example:
switch# dir bootflash:test
 
(Optional)

Displays the contents of the current directory. The file system, module, and directory names are case sensitive.

If the directory is not empty, you must delete all the files before you can delete the directory.

 
Step 3 rmdir [filesystem :[//module/]]directory


Example:
switch# rmdir test
 

Deletes a directory. The file system and directory name are case sensitive.

 

Accessing Directories on the Standby Supervisor Module

You can access all file systems on the standby supervisor module (remote) from a session on the active supervisor module. This feature is useful when copying files to the active supervisor modules requires similar files to exist on the standby supervisor module. To access the file systems on the standby supervisor module from a session on the active supervisor module, you specify the standby supervisor module in the path to the file using either filesystem://sup-remote/ or filesystem://sup-standby/.

Working with Files

This section describes how to work with files on the Cisco NX-OS device.

Moving Files

You can move a file from one directory to another directory.


Caution


If a file with the same name already exists in the destination directory, that file is overwritten by the moved file.


You can use the move command to rename a file by moving the file within the same directory.

Procedure
 Command or ActionPurpose
Step 1 pwd


Example:
switch# pwd
 
(Optional)

Displays the name of your current default directory.

 
Step 2 dir [filesystem:[//module/][directory]]


Example:
switch# dir bootflash
 
(Optional)

Displays the contents of the current directory. The file system and directory name are case sensitive.

 
Step 3 move [filesystem:[//module/][directory /] | directory/]source-filename {{filesystem:[//module/][directory /] | directory/}[target-filename] | target-filename}


Example:
switch# move test old_tests/test1
 

Moves a file.

The file system, module, and directory names are case sensitive.

The target-filename argument is alphanumeric, case sensitive, and has a maximum of 64 characters. If the target-filename argument is not specified, the filename defaults to the source-filename argument value.

 

Copying Files

You can make copies of files, either within the same directory or on another directory.


Note


Use the dir command to ensure that enough space is available in the target file system. If enough space is not available, use the delete command to remove unneeded files.


Procedure
 Command or ActionPurpose
Step 1 pwd


Example:
switch# pwd
 
(Optional)

Displays the name of your current default directory.

 
Step 2 dir [filesystem:[//module/][directory]]


Example:
switch# dir bootflash
 
(Optional)

Displays the contents of the current directory. The file system and directory name are case sensitive.

 
Step 3 copy [filesystem:[//module/][directory/] | directory/]source-filename | {filesystem:[//module/][directory/]] | directory/}[target-filename]


Example:
switch# move test old_tests/test1
 

Copies a file. The file system, module, and directory names are case sensitive. The source-filename argument is alphanumeric, case sensitive, and has a maximum of 64 characters. If the target-filename argument is not specified, the filename defaults to the source-filename argument value.

The copy command supports ftp, scp, sftp, tftp and http protocols.

 

Deleting Files

You can delete a file from a directory.

Procedure
 Command or ActionPurpose
Step 1 dir [filesystem:[//module/][directory]]


Example:
switch# dir bootflash
 
(Optional)

Displays the contents of the current directory. The file system and directory name are case sensitive.

 
Step 2 delete {filesystem:[//module/][directory/] | directory/}filename


Example:
switch# move test old_tests/test1
 

Deletes a file. The file system, module, and directory names are case sensitive. The source-filename argument is case sensitive.

Caution   

If you specify a directory, the delete command deletes the entire directory and all its contents.

 

Displaying File Contents

You can display the contents of a file.

Procedure
 Command or ActionPurpose
Step 1 show file [filesystem:[//module/]][directory/]filename


Example:
switch# show file bootflash:test-results
 

Displays the file contents.

 

Displaying File Checksums

You can display checksums to check the file integrity.

Procedure
 Command or ActionPurpose
Step 1 show file [filesystem:[//module/]][directory/]filename {cksum | md5sum}


Example:
switch# show file bootflash:trunks2.cfg cksum
 

Displays the checksum or MD5 checksum of the file.

 

Compressing and Uncompressing Files

You can compress and uncompress files on your Cisco NX-OS device using Lempel-Ziv 1977 (LZ77) coding.

Procedure
 Command or ActionPurpose
Step 1 dir [filesystem:[//module/]directory]]


Example:
switch# dir bootflash:
 
(Optional)

Displays the contents of the current directory. The file system and directory name are case sensitive.

 
Step 2 gzip [filesystem:[//module/][directory/] | directory/]filename


Example:
switch# gzip show_tech
 

Compresses a file. After the file is compressed, it has a .gz suffix.

 
Step 3 gunzip [filesystem:[//module/][directory/] | directory/]filename .gz


Example:
switch# gunzip show_tech.gz
 

Uncompresses a file. The file to uncompress must have the .gz suffix. After the file is uncompressed, it does not have the .gz suffix.

 

Displaying the Last Lines in a File

You can display the last lines of a file.

Procedure
 Command or ActionPurpose
Step 1 tail [filesystem:[//module/]][directory/]filename [lines]


Example:
switch# tail ospf-gr.conf
 

Displays the last lines of a file. The default number of lines is 10. The range is from 0 to 80 lines.

 

Redirecting show Command Output to a File

You can redirect show command output to a file on bootflash:, slot0:, volatile:, or on a remote server. You can also specify the format for the command output.

Procedure
 Command or ActionPurpose
Step 1terminal redirection-mode {ascii | zipped}


Example:
switch# terminal redirection-mode zipped
 
(Optional)

Sets the redirection mode for the show command output for the user session. The default mode is ascii.

 
Step 2 show-command > [filesystem:[//module/][directory] | [directory /]]filename


Example:
switch# show tech-support > bootflash:techinfo
 

Redirects the output from a show command to a file.

 

Finding Files

You can find the files in the current working directory and its subdirectories that have names that begin with a specific character string.

Procedure
 Command or ActionPurpose
Step 1 pwd


Example:
switch# pwd
 
(Optional)

Displays the name of your current default directory.

 
Step 2 cd {filesystem:[//module/][directory] | directory}


Example:
switch# cd bootflash:test_scripts
 
(Optional)

Changes the default directory.

 
Step 3 find filename-prefix


Example:
switch# find bgp_script
 

Finds all filenames in the default directory and in its subdirectories beginning with the filename prefix. The filename prefix is case sensitive.

 

Working with Archive Files

The Cisco NX-OS software supports archive files. You can create an archive file, append files to an existing archive file, extract files from an archive file, and list the files in an archive file.

Creating an Archive Files

You can create an archive file and add files to it. You can specify the following compression types:

  • bzip2
  • gzip
  • Uncompressed

The default is gzip.

Procedure
 Command or ActionPurpose
Step 1 tar create {bootflash: | volatile:}archive-filename [absolute] [bz2-compress] [gz-compress] [remove] [uncompressed] [verbose] filename-list
 

Creates an archive file and adds files to it. The filename is alphanumeric, not case sensitive, and has a maximum length of 240 characters.

The absolute keyword specifies that the leading backslash characters (\) should not be removed from the names of the files added to the archive file. By default, the leading backslash characters are removed.

The bz2-compress, gz-compress, and uncompressed keywords determine the compression utility used when files are added, or later appended, to the archive and the decompression utility to use when extracting the files. If you do not specify an extension for the archive file, the defaults are as follows:

  • For bz2-compress, the extension is .tar.bz2.
  • For gz-compress, the extension is .tar.gz.
  • For uncompressed, the extension is .tar.

The remove keyword specifies that the Cisco NX-OS software should delete the files from the file system after adding them to the archive. By default, the files are not deleted.

The verbose keyword specifies that the Cisco NX-OS software should list the files as they are added to the archive. By default, the files are listed as they are added.

 

This example shows how to create a gzip compressed archive file:

switch# tar create bootflash:config-archive gz-compress bootflash:config-file

Appending Files to an Archive File

You can append files to an existing archive file on your Cisco NX-OS device.

Before You Begin

You have created an archive file on your Cisco NX-OS device.

Procedure
 Command or ActionPurpose
Step 1 tar append {bootflash: | volatile:}archive-filename [absolute] [remove] [verbose] filename-list
 

Adds files to an existing archive file. The archive filename is not case sensitive.

The absolute keyword specifies that the leading backslash characters (\) should not be removed from the names of the files added to the archive file. By default, the leading backslash characters are removed.

The remove keyword specifies that the Cisco NX-OS software should delete the files from the filesystem after adding them to the archive. By default, the files are not deleted.

The verbose keyword specifies that the Cisco NX-OS software should list the files as they are added to the archive. By default, the files are listed as they are added.

 

This example shows how to append a file to an existing archive file:

switch# tar append bootflash:config-archive.tar.gz bootflash:new-config

Extracting Files from an Archive File

You can extract files to an existing archive file on your Cisco NX-OS device.

Before You Begin

You have created an archive file on your Cisco NX-OS device.

Procedure
 Command or ActionPurpose
Step 1 tar extract {bootflash: | volatile:}archive-filename [keep-old] [screen] [to {bootflash: | volatile:}[/directory-name]] [verbose]
 

Extracts files from an existing archive file. The archive filename is not case sensitive.

The keep-old keyword indicates that the Cisco NX-OS software should not overwrite files with the same name as the files being extracted.

The screen keyword specifies that the Cisco NX-OS software should display the contents of the extracted files to the terminal screen.

The to keyword specifies the target file system. You can include a directory name. The directory name is alphanumeric, case sensitive, and has a maximum length of 240 characters.

The verbose keyword specifies that the Cisco NX-OS software should display the names of the files as they are extracted.

 

This example shows how to extract files from an existing archive file:

switch# tar extract bootflash:config-archive.tar.gz

Displaying the Filenames in an Archive File

You can display the names of the files in an archive files using the tar list command.

tar list {bootflash: | volatile:}archive-filename

The archive filename is not case sensitive.

switch# tar list bootflash:config-archive.tar.gz
config-file
new-config

Examples of Using the File System

This section includes example of using the file system on the Cisco NX-OS device.

Accessing Directories on Standby Supervisor Modules

This example shows how to list the files on the standby supervisor module:

switch# dir bootflash://sup-remote
   12198912     Aug 27 16:29:18 2003  m9500-sf1ek9-kickstart-mzg.1.3.0.39a.bin
    1864931     Apr 29 12:41:59 2003  dplug2
      12288     Apr 18 20:23:11 2003  lost+found/
   12097024     Nov 21 16:34:18 2003  m9500-sf1ek9-kickstart-mz.1.3.1.1.bin
   41574014     Nov 21 16:34:47 2003  m9500-sf1ek9-mz.1.3.1.1.bin 

Usage for bootflash://sup-remote
   67747169 bytes used
  116812447 bytes free
  184559616 bytes total

This example shows how to delete a file on the standby supervisor module:

switch# delete bootflash://sup-remote/aOldConfig.txt
            

Moving Files

This example shows how to move a file on an external flash device:

switch# move slot0:samplefile slot0:mystorage/samplefile
            

This example shows how to move a file in the default file system:

switch# move samplefile mystorage/samplefile
            

Copying Files

This example shows how to copy the file called samplefile from the root directory of the slot0: file system to the mystorage directory:

switch# copy slot0:samplefile slot0:mystorage/samplefile


This example shows how to copy a file from the current directory level:

switch# copy samplefile mystorage/samplefile


This example shows how to copy a file from the active supervisor module bootflash to the standby supervisor module bootflash:

switch# copy bootflash:system_image bootflash://sup-2/system_image
            

This example shows how to overwrite the contents of an existing configuration in NVRAM:

switch# copy nvram:snapshot-config nvram:startup-config
            
Warning: this command is going to overwrite your current startup-config: 
Do you wish to continue? {y/n} [y] y
            

You can also use the copy command to upload and download files from the slot0: or bootflash: file system to or from a FTP, TFTP, SFTP, or SCP server.

Deleting a Directory

You can remove directories from the file systems on your device.

Before You Begin

Ensure that the directory is empty before you try to delete it.

Procedure
 Command or ActionPurpose
Step 1 pwd


Example:
switch# pwd
 
(Optional)

Displays the name of your current default directory.

 
Step 2 dir [filesystem :[//module/][directory]]


Example:
switch# dir bootflash:test
 
(Optional)

Displays the contents of the current directory. The file system, module, and directory names are case sensitive.

If the directory is not empty, you must delete all the files before you can delete the directory.

 
Step 3 rmdir [filesystem :[//module/]]directory


Example:
switch# rmdir test
 

Deletes a directory. The file system and directory name are case sensitive.

 

Displaying File Contents

This example shows how to display the contents of a file on an external flash device:

switch# show file slot0:test
configure terminal 
interface ethernet 1/1 
no shutdown 
end 
show interface ethernet 1/1

This example shows how to display the contents of a file that resides in the current directory:

switch# show file myfile


Displaying File Checksums

This example shows how to display the checksum of a file:

switch# show file bootflash:trunks2.cfg cksum 
583547619

This example shows how to display the MD5 checksum of a file:

switch# show file bootflash:trunks2.cfg md5sum 
3b94707198aabefcf46459de10c9281c

Compressing and Uncompressing Files

This example shows how to compress a file:

switch# dir
    1525859     Jul 04 00:51:03 2003 Samplefile 
...
switch# gzip volatile:Samplefile
switch# dir
     266069     Jul 04 00:51:03 2003 Samplefile.gz 
...

This example shows how to uncompress a compressed file:

switch# dir
     266069     Jul 04 00:51:03 2003 Samplefile.gz 
... 
switch# gunzip samplefile
switch# dir
    1525859     Jul 04 00:51:03 2003 Samplefile 
...

Redirecting show Command Output

This example shows how to direct the output to a file on the bootflash: file system:

switch# show interface > bootflash:switch1-intf.cfg


This example shows how to direct the output to a file on external flash memory:

switch# show interface > slot0:switch-intf.cfg


This example shows how to direct the output to a file on a TFTP server:

switch# show interface > tftp://10.10.1.1/home/configs/switch-intf.cfg
Preparing to copy...done

This example shows how to direct the output of the show tech-support command to a file:

switch# show tech-support > Samplefile
Building Configuration ... 
switch# dir
    1525859     Jul 04 00:51:03 2003 Samplefile 
Usage for volatile://
    1527808 bytes used
   19443712 bytes free
   20971520 bytes total

Finding Files

This example shows how to find a file in the current default directory:

switch# find smm_shm.cfg
/usr/bin/find: ./lost+found: Permission denied 
./smm_shm.cfg 
./newer-fs/isan/etc/routing-sw/smm_shm.cfg 
./newer-fs/isan/etc/smm_shm.cfg

Default Settings for File System Parameters

This table lists the default settings for the file system parameters.

Table 2 Default File System Settings

Parameters

Default

Default filesystem

bootflash:

Additional References for File Systems

This section includes additional information related to the file systems.

Related Documents for File Systems

Related Topic

Document Title

Licensing

Cisco NX-OS Licensing Guide

Command reference

Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Fundamentals Command Reference

Feature History for File Systems

This table lists the release history for this feature.

Table 3  Feature History for File Systems, Directories, and Files

Feature Name

Releases

Feature Information

show command output redirection

4.2(1)

You can change the format of the show command output when you redirect it to a file. The format can be ASCII or zipped.