Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Fundamentals Configuration Guide, Release 6.x
Working with Configuration Files
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Working with Configuration Files

Contents

Working with Configuration Files

This chapter contains the following sections:

Information About Configuration Files

Configuration files contain the Cisco NX-OS software commands used to configure the features on a Cisco NX-OS device. Commands are parsed (translated and executed) by the Cisco NX-OS software when the system is booted (from the startup-config file) or when you enter commands at the CLI in a configuration mode.

To change the startup configuration file, you can either save the running-configuration file to the startup configuration using the copy running-config startup-config command or copy a configuration file from a file server to the startup configuration.

Types of Configuration Files

The Cisco NX-OS software has two types of configuration files, running configuration and startup configuration. The device uses the startup configuration (startup-config) during device startup to configure the software features. The running configuration (running-config) contains the current changes that you make to the startup-configuration file. The two configuration files can be different. You may want to change the device configuration for a short time period rather than permanently. In this case, you would change the running configuration by using commands in global configuration mode but not save the changes to the startup configuration.

To change the running configuration, use the configure terminal command to enter global configuration mode. As you use the Cisco NX-OS configuration modes, commands generally are executed immediately and are saved to the running configuration file either immediately after you enter them or when you exit a configuration mode.

To change the startup-configuration file, you can either save the running configuration file to the startup configuration or download a configuration file from a file server to the startup configuration.

Virtualization Support for Configuration Files

Except for removing the configuration for a missing module, the configuration file operations are local to the virtual device context (VDC). You can remove the missing module configuration only from the default VDC. For more information on VDCs, see the Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Virtual Device Context Configuration Guide.

Licensing Requirements for Configuration Files

The following table shows the licensing requirements for this feature:

Product

License Requirement

Cisco NX-OS

Configuration files require no license. Any feature not included in a license package is bundled with the Cisco NX-OS system images and is provided at no extra charge to you. For a complete explanation of the Cisco NX-OS licensing scheme, see the Cisco NX-OS Licensing Guide.

Managing Configuration Files

This section describes how to manage configuration files.

Saving the Running Configuration to the Startup Configuration

You can save the running configuration to the startup configuration to save your changes for the next time you that reload the device.

For information on saving the running configuration for all VDCs on the physical device, see the Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Virtual Device Context Configuration Guide.

Procedure
      Command or Action Purpose
    Step 1 show running-config


    Example:
    switch# show running-config
     
    (Optional)

    Displays the running configuration.

     
    Step 2 copy running-config startup-config


    Example:
    switch# copy running-config startup-config
     

    Copies the running configuration to the startup configuration.

     

    Copying a Configuration File to a Remote Server

    You can copy a configuration file stored in the internal memory to a remote server as a backup or to use for configuring other Cisco NX-OS devices.

    Procedure
        Command or Action Purpose
      Step 1 copy running-config scheme://server/[url /]filename


      Example:
      switch# copy running-config 
      tftp://10.10.1.1/sw1-run-config.bak 
       

      Copies the running-configuration file to a remote server.

      For the scheme argument, you can enter tftp:, ftp:, scp:, or sftp:. The server argument is the address or name of the remote server, and the url argument is the path to the source file on the remote server.

      The server, url, and filename arguments are case sensitive.

       
      Step 2 copy startup-config scheme://server/[url /]filename


      Example:
      switch# copy startup-config 
      tftp://10.10.1.1/sw1-start-config.bak 
       

      Copies the startup-configuration file to a remote server.

      For the scheme argument, you can enter tftp:, ftp:, scp:, or sftp:. The server argument is the address or name of the remote server, and the url argument is the path to the source file on the remote server.

      The server, url, and filename arguments are case sensitive.

       
      This example shows how to copy the configuration file to a remote server:
      switch# copy running-config 
      tftp://10.10.1.1/sw1-run-config.bak
      switch# copy startup-config 
      tftp://10.10.1.1/sw1-start-config.bak

      Downloading the Running Configuration From a Remote Server

      You can configure your Cisco NX-OS device by using configuration files that you created on another Cisco NX-OS device and uploaded to a remote server. You then download the file from the remote server to your device using TFTP, FTP, Secure Copy (SCP), or Secure Shell FTP (SFTP) to the running configuration.

      Before You Begin

      Ensure that the configuration file that you want to download is in the correct directory on the remote server.

      Ensure that the permissions on the file are set correctly. Permissions on the file should be set to world-read.

      Ensure that your Cisco NX-OS device has a route to the remote server. The Cisco NX-OS device and the remote server must be in the same subnetwork if you do not have a router or a default gateway to route traffic between subnets.

      Check connectivity to the remote server using the ping or ping6 command.

      Procedure
          Command or Action Purpose
        Step 1 copy scheme://server/[url/]filename running-config


        Example:
        switch# copy tftp://10.10.1.1/my-config 
        running-config
         

        Downloads the running-configuration file from a remote server.

        For the scheme argument, you can enter tftp:, ftp:, scp:, or sftp:. The server argument is the address or name of the remote server, and the url argument is the path to the source file on the remote server.

        The server, url, and filename arguments are case sensitive.

         
        Step 2 show running-config


        Example:
        switch# show running-config
         
        (Optional)

        Displays the running configuration.

         
        Step 3 copy running-config startup-config


        Example:
        switch# copy running-config startup-config
         
        (Optional)

        Copies the running configuration to the startup configuration.

         
        Step 4 show startup-config


        Example:
        switch# show startup-config
         
        (Optional)

        Displays the startup configuration.

         

        Downloading the Startup Configuration From a Remote Server

        You can configure your Cisco NX-OS device by using configuration files that you created on another Cisco NX-OS device and uploaded to a remote server. You then download the file from the remote server to your device using TFTP, FTP, Secure Copy (SCP), or Secure Shell FTP (SFTP) to the startup configuration.


        Caution


        This procedure disrupts all traffic on the Cisco NX-OS device.


        Before You Begin

        Log in to a session on the console port.

        Ensure that the configuration file that you want to download is in the correct directory on the remote server.

        Ensure that the permissions on the file are set correctly. Permissions on the file should be set to world-read.

        Ensure that your Cisco NX-OS device has a route to the remote server. The Cisco NX-OS device and the remote server must be in the same subnetwork if you do not have a router or a default gateway to route traffic between subnets.

        Check connectivity to the remote server using the ping or ping6 command.

        Procedure
            Command or Action Purpose
          Step 1 write erase


          Example:
          switch# write erase
           

          Erases the startup configuration file.

           
          Step 2 reload


          Example:
          switch# reload
          This command will reboot the system. (y/n)?  [n] y
          ...
          Enter the password for "admin": <password>
          Confirm the password for "admin": <password>
          ...
          Would you like to enter the basic configuration 
          dialog (yes/no): n
          switch#
          
           

          Reloads the Cisco NX-OS device.

          Note   

          Do not use the setup utility to configure the device.

           
          Step 3 copy scheme://server/[url /]filename running-config


          Example:
          switch# copy tftp://10.10.1.1/my-config 
          running-config
           

          Downloads the running configuration file from a remote server.

          For the scheme argument, you can enter tftp:, ftp:, scp:, or sftp:. The server argument is the address or name of the remote server, and the url argument is the path to the source file on the remote server.

          The server, url, and filename arguments are case sensitive.

           
          Step 4 copy running-config startup-config


          Example:
          switch# copy running-config 
          startup-config
           

          Saves the running configuration file to the startup configuration file.

           
          Step 5 show startup-config


          Example:
          switch# show startup-config
           
          (Optional)

          Displays the running configuration.

           

          Copying Configuration Files to an External Flash Memory Device

          You can copy configuration files to an external flash memory device as a backup for later use.

          Before You Begin

          Insert the external Flash memory device into the active supervisor module.

          Procedure
              Command or Action Purpose
            Step 1 dir {slot0: | usb1: | usb2:}[directory/]
             
            (Optional)

            Displays the files on the external flash memory device.

             
            Step 2 copy running-config {slot0: | usb1: | usb2:}[directory/]filename


            Example:
            switch# copy running-config slot0:dsn-running-config.cfg
             

            Copies the running configuration to an external flash memory device. The filename argument is case sensitive.

             
            Step 3 copy startup-config {slot0: | usb1: | usb2:}[directory/]filename


            Example:
            switch# copy startup-config slot0:dsn-startup-config.cfg
             

            Copies the startup configuration to an external flash memory device. The filename argument is case sensitive.

             

            Copying the Running Configuration From an External Flash Memory Device

            You can configure your Cisco NX-OS device by copying configuration files created on another Cisco NX-OS device and saved to an external flash memory device.

            Before You Begin

            Insert the external flash memory device into the active supervisor module.

            Procedure
                Command or Action Purpose
              Step 1 dir {slot0: | usb1: | usb2:}[directory/]


              Example:
              switch# dir slot0:
               
              (Optional)

              Displays the files on the external flash memory device.

               
              Step 2 copy {slot0: | usb1: | usb2:}[directory/]filename running-config


              Example:
              switch# copy slot0:dsn-config.cfg running-config
               

              Copies the running configuration from an external flash memory device. The filename argument is case sensitive.

               
              Step 3 show running-config


              Example:
              switch# show running-config
               
              (Optional)

              Displays the running configuration.

               
              Step 4 copy running-config startup-config


              Example:
              switch# copy running-config startup-config
               
              (Optional)

              Copies the running configuration to the startup configuration.

               
              Step 5 show startup-config


              Example:
              switch# show startup-config
               
              (Optional)

              Displays the startup configuration.

               

              Copying Configuration Files to an Internal File System

              You can copy configuration files to the internal memory as a backup for later use.

              Procedure
                  Command or Action Purpose
                Step 1 copy running-config [filesystem:][directory/] | [directory/]filename


                Example:
                switch# copy running-config bootflash:sw1-run-config.bak 
                 

                Copies the running-configuration file to internal memory.

                The filesystem, directory, and filename arguments are case sensitive.

                 
                Step 2 copy startup-config [filesystem:][directory/] | [directory/]filename


                Example:
                switch# copy startup-config bootflash:sw1-start-config.bak 
                 

                Copies the startup-configuration file to internal memory.

                The filesystem, directory, and filename arguments are case sensitive.

                 
                Related Information

                Rolling Back to a Previous Configuration

                Problems, such as memory corruption, can occur that make it necessary for you to recover your configuration from a backed up version.


                Note


                Each time that you enter a copy running-config startup-config command, a binary file is created and the ASCII file is updated. A valid binary configuration file reduces the overall boot time significantly. A binary file cannot be uploaded, but its contents can be used to overwrite the existing startup configuration. The write erase command clears the binary file.


                Procedure
                    Command or Action Purpose
                  Step 1 write erase


                  Example:
                  switch# write erase
                   

                  Clears the current configuration of the switch.

                   
                  Step 2 reload


                  Example:
                  switch# reload
                   

                  Restarts the device. You will be prompted to provide a kickstart and system image file for the device to boot and run.

                   
                  Step 3 copy configuration_file running-configuration


                  Example:
                  switch# copy bootflash:start-config.bak running-configuration
                   

                  Copies a previously saved configuration file to the running configuration.

                  Note   

                  The configuration_file filename argument is case-sensitive.

                   
                  Step 4 copy running-config startup-config


                  Example:
                  switch# copy running-config startup-config
                   

                  Copies the running configuration to the start-up configuration.

                   

                  Removing the Configuration for a Missing Module

                  When you remove an I/O module from the chassis, you can also remove the configuration for that module from the running configuration. You can only remove the configuration for a missing module from the default VDC.


                  Note


                  You can only remove the configuration for an empty slot in the chassis.


                  Before You Begin

                  Ensure that you are in the default VDC.

                  Remove the I/O module from the chassis.

                  Procedure
                      Command or Action Purpose
                    Step 1 show hardware


                    Example:
                    switch# show hardware
                     
                    (Optional)

                    Displays the installed hardware for the device.

                     
                    Step 2 purge module slot running-config


                    Example:
                    switch# purge module 3 running-config
                     

                    Removes the configuration for a missing module from the running configuration.

                     
                    Step 3 copy running-config startup-config


                    Example:
                    switch# copy running-config startup-config
                     
                    (Optional)

                    Copies the running configuration to the startup configuration.

                     

                    Erasing a Configuration

                    You can erase the configuration on your device to return to the factory defaults.

                    You can erase the following configuration files saved in the persistent memory on the device:

                    • Startup
                    • Boot
                    • Debug

                    Note


                    The write erase command erases the entire startup configuration , except for the following:

                    • Boot variable definitions
                    • The IPv4 configuration on the mgmt0 interface, including the following:
                      • Address
                      • Subnet mask
                      • Route address in the management VRF

                    To remove the boot variable definitions and the IPv4 configuration on the mgmt0 interface, use the write erase boot command.


                    Procedure
                        Command or Action Purpose
                      Step 1 write erase [boot | debug]


                      Example:
                      switch# write erase
                      Warning: This command will erase the startup-configuration.
                      Do you wish to proceed anyway? (y/n)  [n] y
                      
                       

                      Erases configurations in persistent memory. The default action erases the startup configuration.

                      The boot option erases the boot variable definitions and the IPv4 configuration on the mgmt0 interface.

                      The debug option erases the debugging configuration.

                      Note   

                      The running configuration file is not affected by this command.

                       

                      Clearing Inactive Configurations

                      You can clear inactive QoS and/or ACL configurations.

                      Procedure
                          Command or Action Purpose
                        Step 1 show running-config type inactive-if-config


                        Example:
                        # show running-config ipqos inactive-if-config
                         
                        (Optional)

                        Displays any inactive ACL or QoS configurations.

                        The values for the type argument are aclmgr and ipqos.

                        • aclmgr: Display any inactive configurations for aclmgr.
                        • ipqos: Display any inactive configurations for qosmgr.
                         
                        Step 2 clear inactive-config policy


                        Example:
                        # clear inactive-config qos 
                        clear qos inactive config
                        Inactive if config for QoS manager is saved at/bootflash/qos_inactive_if_config.cfg 
                        for vdc default & for other than default vdc: /bootflash/vdc_x/qos_inactive_if_config.cfg (where x is vdc number)
                        you can see the log file @ show inactive-if-config log
                        
                         

                        Clears inactive configurations.

                        The values for the policy argument are qos and acl.

                        The following describes the values:

                        • qos: Clear inactive QoS configurations.
                        • acl: Clear inactive ACL configurations.
                        • acl qos: Clear inactive ACL configurations and inactive QoS configurations.
                         
                        Step 3 show inactive-if-config log


                        Example:
                        # show inactive-if-config log
                         
                        (Optional)

                        Displays the commands that were used to clear the inactive configurations.

                         

                        Verifying the Device Configuration

                        To verify the configuration after bootstrapping the device using POAP, use one of the following commands:

                        Command

                        Purpose

                        show running-config

                        Displays the running configuration.

                        show startup-config

                        Displays the startup configuration.

                        For detailed information about the fields in the output from these commands, see the Cisco Nexus Command Reference for your device.

                        Examples of Working with Configuration Files

                        This section includes examples of working with configuration files.

                        Copying Configuration Files

                        This example shows how to overwrite the contents of an existing configuration in NVRAM:

                        switch# copy nvram:snapshot-config nvram:startup-config
                        Warning: this command is going to overwrite your current startup-config.
                        Do you wish to continue? {y/n} [y] y
                        
                        

                        This example shows how to copy a running configuration to the bootflash: file system:

                        switch# copy system:running-config bootflash:my-config
                        
                        

                        Backing Up Configuration Files

                        This example shows how to create a snapshot of the startup configuration in a predefined location on the device (binary file):

                        switch# copy startup-config nvram:snapshot-config
                        
                        

                        This example shows how to back up the startup configuration to the bootflash: file system (ASCII file):

                        switch# copy startup-config bootflash:my-config
                        
                        

                        This example shows how to back up the startup configuration to the TFTP server (ASCII file):

                        switch# copy startup-config tftp://172.16.10.100/my-config
                        
                        

                        This example shows how to back up the running configuration to the bootflash: file system (ASCII file):

                        switch# copy running-config bootflash:my-config
                        
                        

                        Rolling Back to a Previous Configuration

                        To roll back your configuration to a snapshot copy of a previously saved configuration, you need to perform the following steps:

                        1. Clear the current running image with the write erase command.
                        2. Restart the device with the reload command.
                        3. Copy the previously saved configuration file to the running configuration with the copy configuration_file running-configuration command.
                        4. Copy the running configuration to the start-up configuration with the copy running-config startup-config command.

                        Additional References for Configuration Files

                        This section includes additional information related to managing configuration files.

                        Related Documents for Configuration Files

                        Related Topic

                        Document Title

                        Licensing

                        Cisco NX-OS Licensing Guide

                        Command reference

                        Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Fundamentals Command Reference

                        Feature History for Configuration Files

                        This table lists the release history for this feature.

                        Table 1 Feature History for Configuration Files

                        Feature Name

                        Releases

                        Feature Information

                        Configuration files

                        4.2(1)

                        This feature was introduced.