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Cisco 800 Series Routers Pre-RMA Troubleshooting Guide

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Cisco 800 Series Routers Pre-RMA Troubleshooting Guide

Table Of Contents

Troubleshooting Startup Issues

Issues During Initial Startup

Issues After Initial Startup

Additional References

Cabling Specifications

Ethernet Cable Specifications

Maximum Cable Distances

Getting Help

Obtaining Documentation and Submitting a Service Request


Cisco 800 Series Routers Pre-RMA Troubleshooting Guide

Troubleshooting Startup Issues


First Published: August 28, 2013, OL-30445-01

This document describes the troubleshooting procedures to be employed to resolve basic startup issues in the Cisco 800 Series Routers before raising a Return Materials Authorization (RMA) request. The troubleshooting procedures described in this document are of a basic level. These procedures aim to help you resolve commonly known issues with hardware that might not be defective, and therefore, may not warrant an RMA request.

For more information on RMA procedures or any other related information, see the section Additional References.

The issues are grouped as follows:

Issues During Initial Startup

Issues After Initial Startup

1 Issues During Initial Startup

Table 1 lists the issues that may occur immediately after you boot the router for the first time or later, while the router is running after being powered on for the first time.

Table 1 Issues During Initial Startup

Symptom
Description
Solutions

All the LEDs, including the OK LED, are off.

No power to the router.

Verify the following:

a. The power switch is turned on.

b. All the connections to and from the power supply are properly secured.

c. The power outlet has power.

If the problem continues, see the section Getting Help.


2 Issues After Initial Startup

Table 2 lists the issues that may occur after the router boots without an error, but with a connection error or a communication error.

Table 2 Issues After Initial Startup 

Symptom
Description
Solutions

No link to an Ethernet device

A cable-related issue may exist:

Incorrect cable

Improperly connected cable

Damaged cable

Ensure the following:

a. You are using the correct type of cable (either straight-through or crossover). For more information, see the documentation on installation guidelines at:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/hw/routers/ps380/prod_installation_guides_list.html.

b. The cable matches the cabling specifications listed in the section Cabling Specifications. If the cable does not match the recommended specifications, replace it.

c. You have cabled the devices correctly.
For more information, see the documentation on installation guidelines at:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/hw/routers/ps380/prod_installation_guides_list.html.

d. The connectors at both ends of the cable are securely seated.

e. The cable is not physically damaged. If it is damaged, replace it.

 

Problem with the connected device

Verify if the device connected to the Ethernet port is powered on and functioning.

 

Improperly set router HUB/NO HUB or TO HUB/TO PC button or hub equivalent of the HUB/NO HUB button

Ensure that you have set the buttons correctly. For more information, see the documentation on installation guidelines at:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/hw/routers/ps380/prod_installation_guides_list.html.

 

Improper functioning of the network interface card (NIC) on a server, PC, or workstation

Run the NIC diagnostic supplied by the vendor to ensure that the NIC is functioning properly. If the NIC is defective, replace it.

If the problem continues, see the section Getting Help.

No link to the ISDN or IDSL network

Problem with the ISDN or IDSL line

Verify that the customer has contacted the service provider to troubleshoot the ISDN or IDSL line.

 

One of the following cable-related issues occur:

Improperly connected cable

Damaged cable

Check each cable to verify that:

The connectors at both ends are securely connected.

There are no physical damages. If a cable is damaged, replace it with a similar cable. The replacement cable should match the cabling specifications listed in the section Cabling Specifications.

If the problem continues, see the section Getting Help.

Hardware crashes

A device is repeatedly resetting.

a. Obtain full boot logs from the router.

b. Check for any obvious indications of a hardware failure. Hardware failures include a failure signal of 22 (CPU signal = 22) or ECC/DRAM errors (both related to memory).

c. In an integrated device in which there are no subcomponents (for example, a Cisco Integrated Services Router), try changing the configuration register to 0x2142 to ignore the configuration. This requires breaking into ROMmon (rommon# ..> prompt) and changing the configuration register to 0x2142. This procedure is similar to a password recovery procedure. For more information on various password recovery procedures, see

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/sw/iosswrel/ps1831/products_tech_note09186a00801746e6.shtml.

Cisco Integrated Services Router crashes

 

For a modular chassis, the troubleshooting procedure may require additional steps. Contact the appropriate support team for assistance. For more information, see the section Getting Help.


3 Additional References

Table 3 provides additional information that you may require to troubleshoot an issue or process an RMA request.

Table 3 Additional References

Document
Description
Document Location

Hardware Installation Guide

This document provides detailed description, installation, and technical specifications.

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/hw/routers/ps380/prod_installation_guides_list.html

Software Configuration Guide

This document provides additional configuration information specific to the Cisco 800 Series Routers.

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/hw/routers/ps380/products_installation_and_configuration_guides_list.html

RMA procedures

This document provides guidelines on the RMA procedures specific to each region.

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/rma/3582.html#wp576704


4 Cabling Specifications

This section provides the following cabling specifications:

Straight-through and crossover Ethernet cables.

Ethernet, ISDN, IDSL, and telephone cable distance limitations. (A telephone cable connects a device to a telephone port.)

Ethernet Cable Specifications

Table 4 lists the specifications for straight-through and crossover Ethernet cables.

Table 4 Ethernet Cable Specifications

Type
Category
Shielding

10BASE-T

Category 3 or 5

Shielded twisted-pair (STP)

10BASE-T

N/A

Unshielded twisted-pair (UTP)


Maximum Cable Distances

Table 5 provides the maximum distances of Ethernet, ISDN, IDSL, and telephone cables that you can use.

Table 5 Maximum Cable Distances

Cable
Maximum Distance

Ethernet cable

328 ft (100 m)

ISDN S/T and U and IDSL cables

32.8 ft (10 m)

Telephone cable

500 ft (152 m)


5 Getting Help

Some of the solutions recommend that you contact the Cisco Technical Assistance Center (TAC) for help.

Before contacting TAC, keep the following information ready:

Router model and serial number. To locate the router model and serial number, see the back panel of the router.

Maintenance agreement or warranty information.

Date on which you received your router.

All troubleshooting information recorded accurately in the case notes, including:

A clear problem statement that specifies the issue with the hardware. For example, the power supply is defective, the ISDN port is defective, the router does not boot up, and so on.

All the error messages and relevant logs.

Detailed description of the problem.

Detailed description of the steps you have performed to resolve the problem. Include the commands that you ran while attempting to resolve the problem.

When a crash is observed during or after you start the router, collect the following information:

If the router is not in the ROMmon mode and the router is running, use the show tech-support command to run show commands that display system information. This command generates information that can be useful for Cisco Technical Support representatives when troubleshooting the router.

Any crash files that are recorded—To view the crash files, run the dir /all command after the router is booted.


Note If the router is in the ROMmon mode or the router is not booted, the crash files will not be available.



Note If you have any questions before requesting a replacement, contact the appropriate support team for further investigation to determine if the issue is related to the hardware.


Obtaining Documentation and Submitting a Service Request

For information on obtaining documentation, submitting a service request, and gathering additional information, see What's New in Cisco Product Documentation at: http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/general/whatsnew/whatsnew.html.

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