MPLS Traffic Engineering Path Link and Node Protection Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS XE Release 3S
MPLS Traffic Engineering (TE) Path Protection
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MPLS Traffic Engineering (TE) Path Protection

Contents

MPLS Traffic Engineering (TE) Path Protection

The MPLS Traffic Engineering (TE): Path Protection feature provides an end-to-end failure recovery mechanism (that is, full path protection) for Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) traffic engineering (TE) tunnels.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Prerequisites for MPLS Traffic Engineering (TE) Path Protection

  • Ensure that your network supports MPLS TE, Cisco Express Forwarding, and Intermediate System-to-Intermediate System (IS-IS) or Open Shortest Path First (OSPF).
  • Enable MPLS.
  • Configure TE on the routers.
  • Configure a TE tunnel with a primary path option by using the tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option command.
  • If your router supports SSO, configure Resource Reservation Protocol (RSVP) Graceful Restart in full mode on the routers.
  • If your router supports SSO, for NSF operation you must have configured SSO on the device.

Restrictions for MPLS Traffic Engineering (TE) Path Protection

  • There can be only one secondary path for each primary path option.
  • The secondary path will not be signaled with the Fast Reroute (FRR) flag.
  • Dynamic diverse paths are not supported.
  • Do not use link and node protection with path protection on the headend router.
  • Do not configure path protection on an automesh tunnel template because the destinations are different and you cannot use the same path option to reach multiple destinations.
  • A lockdown option is not supported in protected path options.
  • After an SSO event, path protection will not be immediately available on tunnels. Only a single label switched path (LSP) is checkpointed and recovered for the tunnel; the path-protected LSP will not be signaled until the end of the RSVP High Availability (HA) recovery period.

Information About MPLS Traffic Engineering (TE) Path Protection

Traffic Engineering Tunnels

MPLS TE lets you build label switched paths (LSPs) across your network for forwarding traffic.

MPLS TE LSPs, also called TE tunnels, let the headend of a TE tunnel control the path its traffic takes to a particular destination. This method is more flexible than forwarding traffic based only on a destination address.

Some tunnels are more important than others. For example, you may have tunnels carrying VoIP traffic and tunnels carrying data traffic that are competing for the same resources. MPLS TE allows you to have some tunnels preempt others. Each tunnel has a priority, and more-important tunnels take precedence over less-important tunnels.

Path Protection

Path protection provides an end-to-end failure recovery mechanism (that is, full path protection) for MPLS TE tunnels. A secondary LSP is established, in advance, to provide failure protection for the protected LSP that is carrying a tunnel’s TE traffic. When there is a failure on the protected LSP, the headend router immediately enables the secondary LSP to temporarily carry the tunnel’s traffic. If there is a failure on the secondary LSP, the tunnel no longer has path protection until the failure along the secondary path is cleared. Path protection can be used with a single area (OSPF or IS-IS), or Inter-AS (Border Gateway Protocol (BGP), external BGP (eBGP,) and static).

The failure detection mechanisms that trigger a switchover to a secondary tunnel include the following:

  • Path error or resv tear from Resource Reservation Protocol (RSVP) signaling
  • Notification from the RSVP hello that a neighbor is lost
  • Notification from the Bidirectional Forwarding Detection (BFD) protocol that a neighbor is lost
  • Notification from the Interior Gateway Protocol (IGP) that the adjacency is down
  • Local teardown of the protected tunnel’s LSP due to preemption in order to signal higher priority LSPs, a Packet over SONET (POS) alarm, online insertion and removal (OIR), and so forth

An alternate recovery mechanism is Fast Reroute (FRR), which protects MPLS TE LSPs only from link and node failures by locally repairing the LSPs at the point of failure.

Although not as fast as link or node protection, presignaling a secondary LSP is faster than configuring a secondary primary path option or allowing the tunnel’s headend router to dynamically recalculate a path. The actual recovery time is topology-dependent, and affected by delay factors such as propagation delay or switch fabric latency.

Enhanced Path Protection

Enhanced path protection provides support of multiple backup path options per primary path option. You can configure up to eight backup path options for a given primary path option. Only one of the configured backup path options is actively signaled at any time.

After you enter the mpls traffic-eng path-option list command, you can enter the backup path priority in the number argument of the path-option command. A lower identifier represents a higher priority. Priorities are configurable for each backup path option. Multiple backup path options and a single backup path option cannot coexist to protect a primary path option.

ISSU

Cisco ISSU allows you to perform a Cisco IOS XE software upgrade or downgrade while the system continues to forward packets. ISSU takes advantage of the Cisco IOS XE high availability infrastructure--Cisco NSF with SSO and hardware redundancy--and eliminates downtime associated with software upgrades or version changes by allowing changes while the system remains in service. That lowers the impact that planned maintenance activities have on network service availability; there is less downtime and better access to critical systems.

When Path Protection is enabled and an ISSU upgrade is performed, path protection performance is similar to other TE features.

NSF/SSO

Cisco NSF with SSO provides continuous packet forwarding, even during a network processor hardware or software failure.

SSO takes advantage of Route Processor (RP) redundancy to increase network availability by establishing one of the RPs as the active processor while the other RP is designated as the secondary processor, and then synchronizing critical state information between them. Following an initial synchronization between the two processors, SSO dynamically maintains RP state information between them. A switchover from the active to the secondary processor occurs when the active RP fails, is removed from the networking device, or is manually taken down for maintenance.

Cisco NSF works with SSO to minimize the amount of time a network is unavailable to users after a switchover. The main purpose of NSF is to continue forwarding IP packets after an RP switchover. Cisco NSF helps to suppress routing flaps in SSO-enabled devices, thus reducing network instability.

The MPLS Traffic Engineering: Path Protection feature can recover after SSO. A tunnel configured for path protection may have two LSPs signaled simultaneously: the primary LSP that is carrying the traffic and the secondary LSP that carries traffic in case there is a failure along the primary path. Only information associated with one of those LSPs, the one that is currently carrying traffic, is synched to the standby RP. The standby RP, upon recovery, can determine from the checkpointed information whether the LSP was the primary or secondary.

If the primary LSP was active during the switchover, only the primary LSP is recovered. The secondary LSP that was signaled and that provided path protection is resignaled after the TE recovery period is complete. This does not impact traffic on the tunnel because the secondary LSP was not carrying traffic.

How to Configure MPLS Traffic Engineering (TE) Path Protection

Regular Path Protection Configuration Tasks

This section contains the following tasks which are shown in the figure below.

Figure 1. Network Topology--Path Protection

Configuring Explicit Paths for Secondary Paths

To specify a secondary path that does not include common links or nodes associated with the primary path in case those links or nodes go down, configure an explicit path by performing the following steps.

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    ip explicit-path {name path-name| identifier number} [enable | disable]

    4.    index index command ip-address

    5.    exit

    6.    exit


DETAILED STEPS
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Router> enable
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.
     
    Step 2 configure terminal


    Example:
    Router# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3 ip explicit-path {name path-name| identifier number} [enable | disable]


    Example:
    Router(config)# ip explicit-path name path3441 enable
     

    Creates or modifies the explicit path and enters IP explicit path command mode.

     
    Step 4 index index command ip-address


    Example:
    Router(cfg-ip-exp1-path)# index 1 next-address 10.0.0.1 
     

    Inserts or modifies a path entry at a specific index. The IP address represents the node ID.

    Note   

    Enter this command once for each router.

     
    Step 5 exit


    Example:
    Router(cfg-ip-exp1-path)# exit
     

    Exits IP explicit path command mode and enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 6 exit


    Example:
    Router(config)# exit
     

    Exits global configuration mode and enters privileged EXEC mode.

     

    Assigning a Secondary Path Option to Protect a Primary Path Option

    Assign a secondary path option in case there is a link or node failure along a path and all interfaces in your network are not protected.

    SUMMARY STEPS

      1.    enable

      2.    configure terminal

      3.    interface tunnel number

      4.    tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option protect number explicit {name path-name | identifier path-number} [verbatim] [attributes string] [bandwidth kb/s| sub-pool kb/s]

      5.    exit

      6.    exit


    DETAILED STEPS
       Command or ActionPurpose
      Step 1 enable


      Example:
      Router> enable
       

      Enables privileged EXEC mode.

      • Enter your password if prompted.
       
      Step 2 configure terminal


      Example:
      Router# configure terminal
       

      Enters global configuration mode.

       
      Step 3 interface tunnel number


      Example:
      Router(config)# interface tunnel500
       

      Configures a tunnel interface and enters interface configuration mode.

       
      Step 4 tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option protect number explicit {name path-name | identifier path-number} [verbatim] [attributes string] [bandwidth kb/s| sub-pool kb/s]


      Example:
      Router(config-if)# tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option protect 10 explicit name path344
       

      Configures a secondary path option for an MPLS TE tunnel.

       
      Step 5 exit


      Example:
      Router(config-if)# exit
       

      Exits interface configuration mode and returns to global configuration mode.

       
      Step 6 exit


      Example:
      Router(config)# exit
       

      Exits global configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

       

      Verifying the Configuration of MPLS Traffic Engineering Path Protection

      To verify the configuration of path protection, perform the following steps. In Steps 1 and 2, refer to the figure below.

      Figure 2. Network Topology Verification

      SUMMARY STEPS

        1.    show running interface tunnel tunnel-number

        2.    show mpls traffic-eng tunnels tunnel-interface

        3.    show mpls traffic-eng tunnels tunnel-interface [brief] protection

        4.    show ip rsvp high-availability database {hello | link-management {interfaces | system} | lsp [filter destination ip-address| filter lsp-id lsp-id| filter source ip-address | filter tunnel-id tunnel-id] | lsp-head [filter number] | summary}


      DETAILED STEPS
        Step 1   show running interface tunnel tunnel-number

        This command shows the configuration of the primary path and protection path options.

        Note   

        To show the status of both LSPs (that is, both the primary path and the protected path), use the show mpls traffic-eng tunnels protection command.



        Example:
        Router# show running interface tunnel500 
        
        Building configuration...
        Current configuration : 497 bytes
        !
        interface Tunnel500
         ip unnumbered Loopback0
         tunnel destination 10.0.0.9
         tunnel mode mpls traffic-eng
         tunnel mpls traffic-eng autoroute announce
         tunnel mpls traffic-eng priority 7 7
         tunnel mpls traffic-eng bandwidth 100
         tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option 10 explicit name path344
         tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option 20 explicit name path345
         tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option protect 10 explicit name path3441
         tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option protect 20 explicit name path348
        end
        
        Step 2   show mpls traffic-eng tunnels tunnel-interface

        This command shows tunnel path information.

        The Common Link(s) field shows the number of links shared by both the primary and secondary paths, from the headend router to the tailend router.

        The Common Node(s) field shows the number of nodes shared by both the primary and secondary paths, excluding the headend and tailend routers.

        As shown in the following output, there are no common links or nodes:



        Example:
        Router# show mpls traffic-eng tunnels tunnel500 
        Name: R1_t500 (Tunnel500) Destination: 10.0.0.9
         Status:
          Admin: up Oper: up Path: valid Signalling: connected
          path option 10, type explicit path344 (Basis for Setup, path weight 20)
          path option 20, type explicit path345
          Path Protection: 0 Common Link(s), 0 Common Node(s)
          path protect option 10, type explicit path3441 (Basis for Protect, path weight 20)
          path protect option 20, type explicit path348
         Config Parameters:
          Bandwidth: 100 kb/s (Global) Priority: 7 7 Affinity: 0x0/0xFFFF
          Metric Type: TE (default)
          AutoRoute: enabled LockDown: disabled Loadshare: 100 bw-based
          auto-bw: disabled
         Active Path Option Parameters:
          State: explicit path option 10 is active
          BandwidthOverride: disabled LockDown: disabled Verbatim: disabled
         InLabel : - 
         OutLabel : FastEthernet1/0/0, 16
         RSVP Signalling Info:
           Src 10.1.1.1, Dst 10.0.0.9, Tun_Id 500, Tun_Instance 19
          RSVP Path Info:
           My Address: 10.2.0.1 
           Explicit Route: 10.2.0.2  10.10.0.1  10.10.0.2  10.0.0.9 
           Record Route: NONE
           Tspec: ave rate=100 kbits, burst=1000 bytes, peak rate=100 kbits
          RSVP Resv Info:
           Record Route: NONE
           Fspec: ave rate=100 kbits, burst=1000 bytes, peak rate=100 kbits
         Shortest Unconstrained Path Info:
          Path Weight: 20 (TE)
          Explicit Route: 10.2.0.1  10.2.0.2  10.10.0.1  10.10.0.2  10.0.0.9 
         History:
          Tunnel:
           Time since created: 11 minutes, 17 seconds
           Time since path change: 8 minutes, 5 seconds
           Number of LSP IDs (Tun_Instances) used: 19
          Current LSP:
           Uptime: 8 minutes, 5 seconds 
        
        Step 3   show mpls traffic-eng tunnels tunnel-interface [brief] protection

        Use this command, with the protection keyword specified, to show the status of both LSPs (that is, both the primary path and the protected path).

        Note   

        Deleting a primary path option has the same effect as shutting down a link. Traffic will move to the protected path in use.

        The following command output shows that the primary LSP is up, and the secondary LSP is up and providing protection:



        Example:
        Router# show mpls traffic-eng tunnels tunnel500 protection 
        R1_t500
         LSP Head, Tunnel500, Admin: up, Oper: up
         Src 10.1.1.1, Dest 10.0.0.9, Instance 19
         Fast Reroute Protection: None
         Path Protection: 0 Common Link(s), 0 Common Node(s)
          Primary lsp path:10.2.0.1  10.2.0.2 
                           10.10.0.1 10.10.0.2 
                           10.0.0.9 
          Protect lsp path:10.0.0.1  10.0.0.2 
                           10.0.1.1  10.0.1.2 
                           10.0.0.9 
          Path Protect Parameters:
           Bandwidth: 100 kbps (Global) Priority: 7 7 Affinity: 0x0/0xFFFF
           Metric Type: TE (default)
          InLabel : - 
          OutLabel : FastEthernet0/0/0, 16
          RSVP Signalling Info:
            Src 10.1.1.1, Dst 10.0.0.9, Tun_Id 500, Tun_Instance 27
           RSVP Path Info:
            My Address: 10.0.0.1 
            Explicit Route: 10.0.0.2  10.0.1.1  10.0.1.2  10.0.0.9 
            Record Route: NONE
            Tspec: ave rate=100 kbits, burst=1000 bytes, peak rate=100 kbits
           RSVP Resv Info:
            Record Route: NONE
            Fspec: ave rate=100 kbits, burst=1000 bytes, peak rate=100 kbits
        

        The following command output shows that the primary LSP is down, and the secondary LSP is up and is actively carrying traffic:



        Example:
        Router# show mpls traffic-eng tunnels tunnel500 protection 
        R1_t500
         LSP Head, Tunnel500, Admin: up, Oper: up
         Src 10.1.1.1, Dest 10.0.0.9, Instance 27
         Fast Reroute Protection: None
         Path Protection: Backup lsp in use.
        
        Step 4   show ip rsvp high-availability database {hello | link-management {interfaces | system} | lsp [filter destination ip-address| filter lsp-id lsp-id| filter source ip-address | filter tunnel-id tunnel-id] | lsp-head [filter number] | summary}

        The show ip rsvp high-availability database command displays the contents of the RSVP high availability (HA) read and write databases used in TE. If you specify the lsp-head keyword, the command output includes path protection information.



        Example:
        Router# show ip rsvp high-availability database lsp-head
        LSP_HEAD WRITE DB
         Tun ID: 500
         Header:
          State: Checkpointed  Action: Add
          Seq #: 3             Flags:  0x0
         Data:
          lsp_id: 5, bandwidth: 100, thead_flags: 0x1, popt: 1
          feature_flags: path protection active
          output_if_num: 5, output_nhop: 10,0,0,1 
          RRR path setup info
           Destination: 10.0.0.9, Id: 10.0.0.9 Router Node (ospf) flag:0x0
           IGP: ospf, IGP area: 0, Number of hops: 5, metric: 2
           Hop 0: 10.0.0.1, Id: 10.0.0.1 Router Node (ospf), flag:0x0
           Hop 1: 10.0.0.2, Id: 10.0.0.7 Router Node (ospf), flag:0x0
           Hop 2: 10.0.1.1, Id: 10.0.0.7 Router Node (ospf), flag:0x0
           Hop 3: 10.0.1.2, Id: 10.0.0.9 Router Node (ospf), flag:0x0
           Hop 4: 10.0.0.9, Id: 10.0.0.9 Router Node (ospf), flag:0x0
        

        Enhanced Path Protection Configuration Tasks

        This section contains the following tasks which are shown in the figure below.

        Figure 3. Network Topology - Enhanced Path Protection

        Creating a Path Option List

        Perform the following task to create a path option list of backup paths for a primary path option.


        Note


        To use a secondary path instead, perform the steps in the Configuring Explicit Paths for Secondary Paths section.


        SUMMARY STEPS

          1.    enable

          2.    configure terminal

          3.    mpls traffic-eng path-option list [name pathlist-name | identifier pathlist-number]

          4.    path-option number explicit [name pathoption-name | identifierpathoption-number]

          5.    list

          6.    no [pathoption-name | pathoption-number]

          7.    exit


        DETAILED STEPS
           Command or ActionPurpose
          Step 1 enable


          Example:
          Router> enable
           

          Enables privileged EXEC mode.

          • Enter your password if prompted.
           
          Step 2 configure terminal


          Example:
          Router# configure terminal
           

          Enters global configuration mode.

           
          Step 3 mpls traffic-eng path-option list [name pathlist-name | identifier pathlist-number]


          Example:
          Router(config)# mpls traffic-eng path-option list name pathlist-01 
           

          Configures a path option list, and enters path-option list configuration mode.

          • You can enter the following commands: path-option, list, no, and exit.
           
          Step 4 path-option number explicit [name pathoption-name | identifierpathoption-number]


          Example:
          Router(cfg-pathoption-list)# path-option 10 explicit identifier 200
           

          (Optional) Specifies the name or identification number of the path option to add, edit, or delete. The pathoption-number value can be from 1 through 65535.

           
          Step 5 list


          Example:
          Router(cfg-pathoption-list)# list 
           

          (Optional) Lists all of the path options.

           
          Step 6 no [pathoption-name | pathoption-number]


          Example:
          Router(cfg-pathoption-list)# no 10 
           

          (Optional) Deletes a specified path option.

           
          Step 7 exit


          Example:
          Router(cfg-pathoption-list)# exit 
           

          (Optional) Exits path-option list configuration mode and enters global configuration mode.

           

          Assigning a Path Option List to Protect a Primary Path Option

          Assign a path option list in case there is a link or node failure along a path and all interfaces in your network are not protected. See the third figure above.

          SUMMARY STEPS

            1.    enable

            2.    configure terminal

            3.    interface tunnel number

            4.    tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option protect number [attributes lsp-attributes | bandwidth {kbps | subpool kbps} | explicit {identifier path-number | name path-name} | list {pathlist-name name | identifier pathlist-identifier}]

            5.    exit


          DETAILED STEPS
             Command or ActionPurpose
            Step 1 enable


            Example:
            Router> enable
             

            Enables privileged EXEC mode.

            • Enter your password if prompted.
             
            Step 2 configure terminal


            Example:
            Router# configure terminal
             

            Enters global configuration mode.

             
            Step 3 interface tunnel number


            Example:
            Router(config)# interface tunnel500
             

            Configures a tunnel interface and enters interface configuration mode.

             
            Step 4 tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option protect number [attributes lsp-attributes | bandwidth {kbps | subpool kbps} | explicit {identifier path-number | name path-name} | list {pathlist-name name | identifier pathlist-identifier}]


            Example:
            Router(config-if)# tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option protect 10 list name pathlist-01
             

            Configures a path option list to protect primary path option 10.

             
            Step 5 exit


            Example:
            Router(config-if)# exit 
             

            (Optional) Exits interface configuration mode and enters global configuration mode.

             

            Verifying the Configuration of MPLS Traffic Engineering Path Protection

            To verify the configuration of path protection, perform the following steps. In Steps 1 and 2, refer to the figure below.

            Figure 4. Network Topology Verification

            SUMMARY STEPS

              1.    show running interface tunnel tunnel-number

              2.    show mpls traffic-eng tunnels tunnel-interface

              3.    show mpls traffic-eng tunnels tunnel-interface [brief] protection

              4.    show ip rsvp high-availability database {hello | link-management {interfaces | system} | lsp [filter destination ip-address| filter lsp-id lsp-id| filter source ip-address | filter tunnel-id tunnel-id] | lsp-head [filter number] | summary}


            DETAILED STEPS
              Step 1   show running interface tunnel tunnel-number

              This command shows the configuration of the primary path and protection path options.

              Note   

              To show the status of both LSPs (that is, both the primary path and the protected path), use the show mpls traffic-eng tunnels protection command.



              Example:
              Router# show running interface tunnel500 
              
              Building configuration...
              Current configuration : 497 bytes
              !
              interface Tunnel500
               ip unnumbered Loopback0
               tunnel destination 10.0.0.9
               tunnel mode mpls traffic-eng
               tunnel mpls traffic-eng autoroute announce
               tunnel mpls traffic-eng priority 7 7
               tunnel mpls traffic-eng bandwidth 100
               tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option 10 explicit name path344
               tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option 20 explicit name path345
               tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option protect 10 explicit name path3441
               tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option protect 20 explicit name path348
              end
              
              Step 2   show mpls traffic-eng tunnels tunnel-interface

              This command shows tunnel path information.

              The Common Link(s) field shows the number of links shared by both the primary and secondary paths, from the headend router to the tailend router.

              The Common Node(s) field shows the number of nodes shared by both the primary and secondary paths, excluding the headend and tailend routers.

              As shown in the following output, there are no common links or nodes:



              Example:
              Router# show mpls traffic-eng tunnels tunnel500 
              Name: R1_t500 (Tunnel500) Destination: 10.0.0.9
               Status:
                Admin: up Oper: up Path: valid Signalling: connected
                path option 10, type explicit path344 (Basis for Setup, path weight 20)
                path option 20, type explicit path345
                Path Protection: 0 Common Link(s), 0 Common Node(s)
                path protect option 10, type explicit path3441 (Basis for Protect, path weight 20)
                path protect option 20, type explicit path348
               Config Parameters:
                Bandwidth: 100 kb/s (Global) Priority: 7 7 Affinity: 0x0/0xFFFF
                Metric Type: TE (default)
                AutoRoute: enabled LockDown: disabled Loadshare: 100 bw-based
                auto-bw: disabled
               Active Path Option Parameters:
                State: explicit path option 10 is active
                BandwidthOverride: disabled LockDown: disabled Verbatim: disabled
               InLabel : - 
               OutLabel : FastEthernet1/0/0, 16
               RSVP Signalling Info:
                 Src 10.1.1.1, Dst 10.0.0.9, Tun_Id 500, Tun_Instance 19
                RSVP Path Info:
                 My Address: 10.2.0.1 
                 Explicit Route: 10.2.0.2  10.10.0.1  10.10.0.2  10.0.0.9 
                 Record Route: NONE
                 Tspec: ave rate=100 kbits, burst=1000 bytes, peak rate=100 kbits
                RSVP Resv Info:
                 Record Route: NONE
                 Fspec: ave rate=100 kbits, burst=1000 bytes, peak rate=100 kbits
               Shortest Unconstrained Path Info:
                Path Weight: 20 (TE)
                Explicit Route: 10.2.0.1  10.2.0.2  10.10.0.1  10.10.0.2  10.0.0.9 
               History:
                Tunnel:
                 Time since created: 11 minutes, 17 seconds
                 Time since path change: 8 minutes, 5 seconds
                 Number of LSP IDs (Tun_Instances) used: 19
                Current LSP:
                 Uptime: 8 minutes, 5 seconds 
              
              Step 3   show mpls traffic-eng tunnels tunnel-interface [brief] protection

              Use this command, with the protection keyword specified, to show the status of both LSPs (that is, both the primary path and the protected path).

              Note   

              Deleting a primary path option has the same effect as shutting down a link. Traffic will move to the protected path in use.

              The following command output shows that the primary LSP is up, and the secondary LSP is up and providing protection:



              Example:
              Router# show mpls traffic-eng tunnels tunnel500 protection 
              R1_t500
               LSP Head, Tunnel500, Admin: up, Oper: up
               Src 10.1.1.1, Dest 10.0.0.9, Instance 19
               Fast Reroute Protection: None
               Path Protection: 0 Common Link(s), 0 Common Node(s)
                Primary lsp path:10.2.0.1  10.2.0.2 
                                 10.10.0.1 10.10.0.2 
                                 10.0.0.9 
                Protect lsp path:10.0.0.1  10.0.0.2 
                                 10.0.1.1  10.0.1.2 
                                 10.0.0.9 
                Path Protect Parameters:
                 Bandwidth: 100 kbps (Global) Priority: 7 7 Affinity: 0x0/0xFFFF
                 Metric Type: TE (default)
                InLabel : - 
                OutLabel : FastEthernet1/2/0, 16
                RSVP Signalling Info:
                  Src 10.1.1.1, Dst 10.0.0.9, Tun_Id 500, Tun_Instance 27
                 RSVP Path Info:
                  My Address: 10.0.0.1 
                  Explicit Route: 10.0.0.2  10.0.1.1  10.0.1.2  10.0.0.9 
                  Record Route: NONE
                  Tspec: ave rate=100 kbits, burst=1000 bytes, peak rate=100 kbits
                 RSVP Resv Info:
                  Record Route: NONE
                  Fspec: ave rate=100 kbits, burst=1000 bytes, peak rate=100 kbits
              

              The following command output shows that the primary LSP is down, and the secondary LSP is up and is actively carrying traffic:



              Example:
              Router# show mpls traffic-eng tunnels tunnel500 protection 
              R1_t500
               LSP Head, Tunnel500, Admin: up, Oper: up
               Src 10.1.1.1, Dest 10.0.0.9, Instance 27
               Fast Reroute Protection: None
               Path Protection: Backup lsp in use.
              
              Step 4   show ip rsvp high-availability database {hello | link-management {interfaces | system} | lsp [filter destination ip-address| filter lsp-id lsp-id| filter source ip-address | filter tunnel-id tunnel-id] | lsp-head [filter number] | summary}

              The show ip rsvp high-availability database command displays the contents of the RSVP high availability (HA) read and write databases used in TE. If you specify the lsp-head keyword, the command output includes path protection information.



              Example:
              Router# show ip rsvp high-availability database lsp-head
              LSP_HEAD WRITE DB
               Tun ID: 500
               Header:
                State: Checkpointed  Action: Add
                Seq #: 3             Flags:  0x0
               Data:
                lsp_id: 5, bandwidth: 100, thead_flags: 0x1, popt: 1
                feature_flags: path protection active
                output_if_num: 5, output_nhop: 10,0,0,1 
                RRR path setup info
                 Destination: 10.0.0.9, Id: 10.0.0.9 Router Node (ospf) flag:0x0
                 IGP: ospf, IGP area: 0, Number of hops: 5, metric: 2
                 Hop 0: 10.0.0.1, Id: 10.0.0.1 Router Node (ospf), flag:0x0
                 Hop 1: 10.0.0.2, Id: 10.0.0.7 Router Node (ospf), flag:0x0
                 Hop 2: 10.0.1.1, Id: 10.0.0.7 Router Node (ospf), flag:0x0
                 Hop 3: 10.0.1.2, Id: 10.0.0.9 Router Node (ospf), flag:0x0
                 Hop 4: 10.0.0.9, Id: 10.0.0.9 Router Node (ospf), flag:0x0
              

              Configuration Examples for MPLS Traffic Engineering (TE): Regular Path Protection

              Example Configuring Explicit Paths for Secondary Paths

              The figure below illustrates a primary path and a secondary path. If there is a failure, the secondary path is used.

              Figure 5. Primary Path and Secondary Path

              In the following example the explicit path is named path3441. There is an index command for each router. If there is failure, the secondary path is used.

              Router(config)# ip explicit-path name path3441 enable 
              Router(cfg-ip-expl-path)# index 1 next 10.0.0.1 
              Explicit Path name path3441:
                  1: next-address 10.0.0.1 
              Router(cfg-ip-expl-path)# index 2 next 10.0.0.2 
              Explicit Path name path3441:
                  1: next-address 10.0.0.1 
                  2: next-address 10.0.0.2 
              Router(cfg-ip-expl-path)# index 3 next 10.0.1.1 
              Explicit Path name path3441:
                  1: next-address 10.0.0.1 
                  2: next-address 10.0.0.2 
                  3: next-address 10.0.1.1 
              Router(cfg-ip-expl-path)# index 4 next 10.0.1.2 
              Explicit Path name path3441:
                  1: next-address 10.0.0.1 
                  2: next-address 10.0.0.2 
                  3: next-address 10.0.1.1 
                  4: next-address 10.0.1.2 
              Router(cfg-ip-expl-path)# exit 
              

              Example Assigning a Secondary Path Option to Protect a Primary Path Option

              In the following example a traffic engineering tunnel is configured:

              Router> enable 
              Router# configure terminal 
              Router(config-if)# interface tunnel500
              Router(config-if)# tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option protect 10 explicit name path344
              

              The following show running interface command output shows that path protection has been configured. Tunnel 500 has path option 10 using path344 and protected by path 3441, and path option 20 using path345 and protected by path348.

              Router# show running interface tunnel500 
              Router# interface tunnel 500
              Building configuration...
              Current configuration : 497 bytes
              !
              interface Tunnel500
               ip unnumbered Loopback0
               tunnel destination 10.0.0.9
               tunnel mode mpls traffic-eng
               tunnel mpls traffic-eng autoroute announce
               tunnel mpls traffic-eng priority 7 7
               tunnel mpls traffic-eng bandwidth 100
               tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option 10 explicit name path344
               tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option 20 explicit name path345
               tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option protect 10 explicit name path3441
               tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option protect 20 explicit name path348
              end

              Example Configuring Tunnels Before and After Path Protection

              The show mpls traffic-eng tunnels command shows information about the primary (protected) path. The following sample output shows that path protection has been configured.

              Router# show mpls traffic-eng tunnels tunnel500 
              Name: R1_t500   (Tunnel500)   Destination: 10.0.0.9
               Status:
                Admin: up  Oper: up  Path: valid  Signalling: connected
                path option 10, type explicit path344 (Basis for Setup, path weight 20)
                path option 20, type explicit path345
                Path Protection: 0 Common Link(s), 0 Common Node(s)
                path protect option 10, type explicit path3441 (Basis for Protect, path weight 20)
                path protect option 20, type explicit path348
               Config Parameters:
                Bandwidth: 100 kbps (Global) Priority: 7 7 Affinity: 0x0/0xFFFF
                Metric Type: TE (default)
                AutoRoute: enabled LockDown: disabled Loadshare: 100 bw-based
                auto-bw: disabled
               Active Path Option Parameters:
                  State: explicit path option 10 is active
              BandwidthOverride: disabled LockDown: disabled Verbatim: disabled
               InLabel : - 
               OutLabel : FastEthernet1/0/0, 16
               RSVP Signalling Info:
                 Src 10.1.1.1, Dst 10.0.0.9, Tun_Id 500, Tun_Instance 43
                RSVP Path Info:
                 My Address: 10.2.0.1 
                 Explicit Route: 10.2.0.2  10.10.0.1  10.10.0.2  10.0.0.9 
                 Record Route: NONE
                 Tspec: ave rate=100 kbits, burst=1000 bytes, peak rate=100 kbits
                RSVP Resv Info:
                 Record Route: NONE
                 Fspec: ave rate=100 kbits, burst=1000 bytes, peak rate=100 kbits
                Shortest Unconstrained Path Info:
                 Path Weight: 20 (TE)
                 Explicit Route: 10.0.0.1  10.0.0.2  10.0.1.1  10.0.1.2 
                                 10.0.0.9 
               History:
                Tunnel:
                 Time since created: 18 minutes, 22 seconds
                 Time since path change: 19 seconds
                 Number of LSP IDs (Tun_Instances) used: 43
                Current LSP:
                 Uptime: 22 seconds
                 Selection: reoptimization
                Prior LSP:
                 ID: path option 10 [27]
                 Removal Trigger: reoptimization completed 

              The following show mpls traffic-eng tunnels command output shows information about the secondary path. Tunnel500 is protected. The protection path is used, and the primary path is down. The command output shows the IP explicit paths of the primary LSP and the secondary LSP.

              Router# show mpls traffic-eng tunnels tunnel500 protection
               
              R1_t500
               LSP Head, Tunnel500, Admin: up, Oper: up
               Src 10.1.1.1, Dest 10.0.0.9, Instance 43
               Fast Reroute Protection: None
               Path Protection: 0 Common Link(s), 0 Common Node(s)
                Primary lsp path:10.2.0.1  10.2.0.2 
                                 10.10.0.1 10.10.0.2 
                                 10.0.0.9 
                Protect lsp path:10.0.0.1  10.0.0.2 
                                 10.0.1.1  10.0.1.2 
                                 10.0.0.9 
                Path Protect Parameters:
                 Bandwidth: 100 kbps (Global) Priority: 7 7 Affinity: 0x0/0xFFFF
                 Metric Type: TE (default)
                InLabel : - 
                OutLabel : FastEthernet0/0/0, 17
                RSVP Signalling Info:
                 Src 10.1.1.1,  Dst 10.0.0.9,  Tun_Id 500,  Tun_Instance 44
                RSVP Path Info:
                 My Address: 10.0.0.1 
                 Explicit Route: 10.0.0.2  10.0.1.1  10.0.1.2  10.0.0.9 
                 Record Route: NONE
                 Tspec: ave rate=100 kbits, burst=1000 bytes, peak rate=100 kbits
                RSVP Resv Info:
                 Record Route: NONE
                 Fspec: ave rate=100 kbits, burst=1000 bytes, peak rate=100 kbits
              R1#
              

              The following shutdowncommand shuts down the interface to use path protection:

              Router# configure terminal
               
              Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
              Router(config)# interface fastethernet1/0/0
              Router(config-if)# shutdown
              Router(config-if)# end
              Router# 

              The following show mpls traffic-eng tunnels command shows that the protection path is used, and the primary path is down:

              Router# show mpls traffic-eng tunnels tunnel500 
              Name: R1_t500 (Tunnel500) Destination: 10.0.0.9
               Status:
                Admin: up Oper: up Path: valid Signalling: connected
                path protect option 10, type explicit path3441 (Basis for Protect, path weight 20)
                path option 10, type explicit path344
                path option 20, type explicit path345
                Path Protection: Backup lsp in use.
                path protect option 10, type explicit path3441 (Basis for Protect, path weight 20)
                path protect option 20, type explicit path348
               Config Parameters:
                Bandwidth: 100 kbps (Global) Priority: 7 7 Affinity: 0x0/0xFFFF
                Metric Type: TE (default)
                AutoRoute: enabled LockDown: disabled Loadshare: 100 bw-based
                auto-bw: disabled
               Active Path Option Parameters:
                State: explicit path option 10 is active
                BandwidthOverride: disabled LockDown: disabled Verbatim: disabled
               InLabel : - 
               OutLabel : FastEthernet0/0/0, 17
               RSVP Signalling Info:
                 Src 10.1.1.1,  Dst 10.0.0.9,  Tun_Id 500,  Tun_Instance 44
                RSVP Path Info:
                 My Address: 10.0.0.1 
                 Explicit Route: 10.0.0.2 10.0.1.1 10.0.1.2 10.0.0.9 
                 Record Route: NONE
                 Tspec: ave rate=100 kbits, burst=1000 bytes, peak rate=100 kbits
                RSVP Resv Info:
                 Record Route: NONE
                 Fspec: ave rate=100 kbits, burst=1000 bytes, peak rate=100 kbits
               Shortest Unconstrained Path Info:
                Path Weight: 20 (TE)
                Explicit Route: 10.0.0.1  10.0.0.2  10.0.1.1  10.0.1.2  10.0.0.9 
               History:
                Tunnel:
                 Time since created: 23 minutes, 28 seconds
                 Time since path change: 50 seconds
                 Number of LSP IDs (Tun_Instances) used: 44
               Current LSP:
                Uptime: 5 minutes, 24 seconds
                Selection: 
               Prior LSP:
                ID: path option 10 [43]
                Removal Trigger: path error
                Last Error: PCALC:: Explicit path has unknown address, 10.2.0.1
              R1#

              The "up" value in the Oper field of the show mpls traffic-eng tunnels protection command shows that protection is enabled:

              Router# show mpls traffic-eng tunnels tunnel500 protection
               
              R1_t500 
               LSP Head, Tunnel500, Admin: up, Oper: up
               Src 10.1.1.1, Dest 10.0.0.9, Instance 44
               Fast Reroute Protection: None
               Path Protection: Backup lsp in use.
              R1# 

              The no shutdown command in the following command sequence causes the interface to be up again and activates the primary path:

              Router> enable
               
              Router# configure terminal
              Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
              Router(config)# interface fastethernet1/0/0
              Router(config-if)# no shutdown 
              Router(config-if)# end
              

              The following command output shows that path protection has been reestablished and the primary path is being used:

              Router# show mpls traffic-eng tunnels tunnel500
               
              Name: R1_t500 (Tunnel500) Destination: 10.0.0.9
               Status:
                Admin: up Oper: up Path: valid Signalling: connected
                path option 10, type explicit path344 (Basis for Setup, path weight 20)
                path option 20, type explicit path345
                Path Protection: 0 Common Link(s), 0 Common Node(s)
                path protect option 10, type explicit path3441 (Basis for Protect, path weight 20)
                path protect option 20, type explicit path348
               Config Parameters:
                Bandwidth: 100 kbps (Global) Priority: 7 7 Affinity: 0x0/0xFFFF
                Metric Type: TE (default)
                AutoRoute: enabled LockDown: disabled Loadshare: 100 bw-based
                auto-bw: disabled
               Active Path Option Parameters:
                State: explicit path option 10 is active
                BandwidthOverride: disabled LockDown: disabled Verbatim: disabled
               InLabel : - 
               OutLabel : FastEthernet1/0/0, 16
               RSVP Signalling Info:
                 Src 10.1.1.1, Dst 10.0.0.9, Tun_Id 500, Tun_Instance 52
                RSVP Path Info:
                 My Address: 10.2.0.1 
                 Explicit Route: 10.2.0.2  10.10.0.1  10.10.0.2  10.0.0.9 
                 Record Route: NONE
                 Tspec: ave rate=100 kbits, burst=1000 bytes, peak rate=100 kbits
                RSVP Resv Info:
                 Record Route: NONE
                 Fspec: ave rate=100 kbits, burst=1000 bytes, peak rate=100 kbits
                Shortest Unconstrained Path Info:
                 Path Weight: 20 (TE)
                 Explicit Route: 10.0.0.1  10.0.0.2  10.0.1.1  10.0.1.2  10.0.0.9 
                History:
                 Tunnel:
                  Time since created: 25 minutes, 26 seconds
                  Time since path change: 23 seconds
                  Number of LSP IDs (Tun_Instances) used: 52
                 Current LSP:
                 Uptime: 26 seconds
                  Selection: reoptimization
                 Prior LSP:
                  ID: path option 10 [44]
                  Removal Trigger: reoptimization completed
              R1#
              

              Following is sample show mpls traffic-eng tunnels command output. Tunnel500 is protected. After a failure, the primary LSP is protected.

              Router# show mpls traffic-eng tunnels tunnel500 protection
               
              R1_t500
               LSP Head, Tunnel500, Admin: up, Oper: up
               Src 10.1.1.1, Dest 10.0.0.9, Instance 52
               Fast Reroute Protection: None
               Path Protection: 0 Common Link(s), 0 Common Node(s)
                Primary lsp path:10.2.0.1   10.2.0.2 
                                 10.10.0.1  10.10.0.2 
                                 10.0.0.9 
                Protect lsp path:10.0.0.1   10.0.2 
                                 10.0.1.1 10.0.1.2 
                                 10.0.0.9 
                Path Protect Parameters:
                 Bandwidth: 100 kbps (Global) Priority: 7 7 Affinity: 0x0/0xFFFF
                 Metric Type: TE (default)
                InLabel : - 
                OutLabel : FastEthernet0/0/0, 16
                RSVP Signalling Info:
                  Src 10.1.1.1, Dst 10.0.0.9, Tun_Id 500, Tun_Instance 53
                 RSVP Path Info:
                  My Address: 10.0.0.1 
                  Explicit Route: 10.0.0.2  10.0.1.1  10.0.1.2  10.0.0.9 
                  Record Route: NONE
                  Tspec: ave rate=100 kbits, burst=1000 bytes, peak rate=100 kbits
                 RSVP Resv Info:
                  Record Route: NONE
                  Fspec: ave rate=100 kbits, burst=1000 bytes, peak rate=100 kbits
              R1# 

              Configuration Examples for MPLS Traffic Engineering (TE): Enhanced Path Protection

              Creating a Path Option List: Example

              The figure below shows the network topology for enhanced path protection.

              p Network Topology for Enhanced Path Protection



              The following example configures two explicit paths named secondary1and secondary2.

              Router(config)# ip explicit-path name secondary1 
              
              Router(cfg-ip-expl-path)# index 1 next 10.0.0.2
               
              Explicit Path name secondary1:
               1: next-address 10.0.0.2
              Router(cfg-ip-expl-path)# index 2 next 10.0.1.2
              
              Explicit Path name secondary1:
               1: next-address 10.0.0.2
               2: next-address 10.0.1.2
              Router(cfg-ip-expl-path)# ip explicit-path name secondary2
               
              Router(cfg-ip-expl-path)# index 1 next 10.2.0.2
               
              Explicit Path name secondary2:
               1: next-address 10.2.0.2 
              Router(cfg-ip-expl-path)# index 2 next 10.10.0.2
               
              Explicit Path name secondary2:
               1: next-address 10.2.0.2
               2: next-address 10.10.0.2
              Router(cfg-ip-expl-path)# exit 
              

              In the following example a path option list of backup paths is created. You define the path option list by using the explicit paths.

              Router(config)# mpls traffic-eng path-option list name pathlist-01
               
              Router(cfg-pathoption-list)# path-option 10 explicit name secondary1
              
              path-option 10 explicit name secondary1 
              Router(cfg-pathoption-list)# path-option 20 explicit name secondary2
               
              path-option 10 explicit name secondary1 
              path-option 20 explicit name secondary2 
              Router(cfg-pathoption-list)# exit
               

              Assigning a Path Option List to Protect a Primary Path Option: Example

              In the following example, a traffic engineering tunnel is configured:

              Router# configure terminal
               
              Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
              Router(config)# interface tunnel 2
               
              Router(config-if)# tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option protect 10 list name secondary-list
               

              The following show running interface command output shows that path protection has been configured. Tunnel 2 has path option 10 using path primary1 and protected by secondary-list.

              Router# show running-config interface tunnel 2
               
              Building configuration... 
              Current configuration : 296 bytes 
              !
              interface Tunnel2 
               ip unnumbered Loopback0 
               tunnel mode mpls traffic-eng 
               tunnel destination 103.103.103.103 
               tunnel mpls traffic-eng autoroute announce 
               tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option 10 explicit name primary1 
               tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option protect 10 list name secondary-list 

              Example Configuring Tunnels Before and After Path Protection

              The show mpls traffic-eng tunnels command shows information about the primary (protected) path. The following sample output shows that path protection has been configured.

              Router# show mpls traffic-eng tunnels tunnel500 
              Name: R1_t500   (Tunnel500)   Destination: 10.0.0.9
               Status:
                Admin: up  Oper: up  Path: valid  Signalling: connected
                path option 10, type explicit path344 (Basis for Setup, path weight 20)
                path option 20, type explicit path345
                Path Protection: 0 Common Link(s), 0 Common Node(s)
                path protect option 10, type explicit path3441 (Basis for Protect, path weight 20)
                path protect option 20, type explicit path348
               Config Parameters:
                Bandwidth: 100 kbps (Global) Priority: 7 7 Affinity: 0x0/0xFFFF
                Metric Type: TE (default)
                AutoRoute: enabled LockDown: disabled Loadshare: 100 bw-based
                auto-bw: disabled
               Active Path Option Parameters:
                  State: explicit path option 10 is active
              BandwidthOverride: disabled LockDown: disabled Verbatim: disabled
               InLabel : - 
               OutLabel : FastEthernet1/0/0, 16
               RSVP Signalling Info:
                 Src 10.1.1.1, Dst 10.0.0.9, Tun_Id 500, Tun_Instance 43
                RSVP Path Info:
                 My Address: 10.2.0.1 
                 Explicit Route: 10.2.0.2  10.10.0.1  10.10.0.2  10.0.0.9 
                 Record Route: NONE
                 Tspec: ave rate=100 kbits, burst=1000 bytes, peak rate=100 kbits
                RSVP Resv Info:
                 Record Route: NONE
                 Fspec: ave rate=100 kbits, burst=1000 bytes, peak rate=100 kbits
                Shortest Unconstrained Path Info:
                 Path Weight: 20 (TE)
                 Explicit Route: 10.0.0.1  10.0.0.2  10.0.1.1  10.0.1.2 
                                 10.0.0.9 
               History:
                Tunnel:
                 Time since created: 18 minutes, 22 seconds
                 Time since path change: 19 seconds
                 Number of LSP IDs (Tun_Instances) used: 43
                Current LSP:
                 Uptime: 22 seconds
                 Selection: reoptimization
                Prior LSP:
                 ID: path option 10 [27]
                 Removal Trigger: reoptimization completed 

              The following show mpls traffic-eng tunnels command output shows information about the secondary path. Tunnel500 is protected. The protection path is used, and the primary path is down. The command output shows the IP explicit paths of the primary LSP and the secondary LSP.

              Router# show mpls traffic-eng tunnels tunnel500 protection
               
              R1_t500
               LSP Head, Tunnel500, Admin: up, Oper: up
               Src 10.1.1.1, Dest 10.0.0.9, Instance 43
               Fast Reroute Protection: None
               Path Protection: 0 Common Link(s), 0 Common Node(s)
                Primary lsp path:10.2.0.1  10.2.0.2 
                                 10.10.0.1 10.10.0.2 
                                 10.0.0.9 
                Protect lsp path:10.0.0.1  10.0.0.2 
                                 10.0.1.1  10.0.1.2 
                                 10.0.0.9 
                Path Protect Parameters:
                 Bandwidth: 100 kbps (Global) Priority: 7 7 Affinity: 0x0/0xFFFF
                 Metric Type: TE (default)
                InLabel : - 
                OutLabel : FastEthernet0/0/0, 17
                RSVP Signalling Info:
                 Src 10.1.1.1,  Dst 10.0.0.9,  Tun_Id 500,  Tun_Instance 44
                RSVP Path Info:
                 My Address: 10.0.0.1 
                 Explicit Route: 10.0.0.2  10.0.1.1  10.0.1.2  10.0.0.9 
                 Record Route: NONE
                 Tspec: ave rate=100 kbits, burst=1000 bytes, peak rate=100 kbits
                RSVP Resv Info:
                 Record Route: NONE
                 Fspec: ave rate=100 kbits, burst=1000 bytes, peak rate=100 kbits
              R1#
              

              The following shutdowncommand shuts down the interface to use path protection:

              Router# configure terminal
               
              Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
              Router(config)# interface fastethernet1/0/0
              Router(config-if)# shutdown
              Router(config-if)# end
              Router# 

              The following show mpls traffic-eng tunnels command shows that the protection path is used, and the primary path is down:

              Router# show mpls traffic-eng tunnels tunnel500 
              Name: R1_t500 (Tunnel500) Destination: 10.0.0.9
               Status:
                Admin: up Oper: up Path: valid Signalling: connected
                path protect option 10, type explicit path3441 (Basis for Protect, path weight 20)
                path option 10, type explicit path344
                path option 20, type explicit path345
                Path Protection: Backup lsp in use.
                path protect option 10, type explicit path3441 (Basis for Protect, path weight 20)
                path protect option 20, type explicit path348
               Config Parameters:
                Bandwidth: 100 kbps (Global) Priority: 7 7 Affinity: 0x0/0xFFFF
                Metric Type: TE (default)
                AutoRoute: enabled LockDown: disabled Loadshare: 100 bw-based
                auto-bw: disabled
               Active Path Option Parameters:
                State: explicit path option 10 is active
                BandwidthOverride: disabled LockDown: disabled Verbatim: disabled
               InLabel : - 
               OutLabel : FastEthernet0/0/0, 17
               RSVP Signalling Info:
                 Src 10.1.1.1,  Dst 10.0.0.9,  Tun_Id 500,  Tun_Instance 44
                RSVP Path Info:
                 My Address: 10.0.0.1 
                 Explicit Route: 10.0.0.2 10.0.1.1 10.0.1.2 10.0.0.9 
                 Record Route: NONE
                 Tspec: ave rate=100 kbits, burst=1000 bytes, peak rate=100 kbits
                RSVP Resv Info:
                 Record Route: NONE
                 Fspec: ave rate=100 kbits, burst=1000 bytes, peak rate=100 kbits
               Shortest Unconstrained Path Info:
                Path Weight: 20 (TE)
                Explicit Route: 10.0.0.1  10.0.0.2  10.0.1.1  10.0.1.2  10.0.0.9 
               History:
                Tunnel:
                 Time since created: 23 minutes, 28 seconds
                 Time since path change: 50 seconds
                 Number of LSP IDs (Tun_Instances) used: 44
               Current LSP:
                Uptime: 5 minutes, 24 seconds
                Selection: 
               Prior LSP:
                ID: path option 10 [43]
                Removal Trigger: path error
                Last Error: PCALC:: Explicit path has unknown address, 10.2.0.1
              R1#

              The "up" value in the Oper field of the show mpls traffic-eng tunnels protection command shows that protection is enabled:

              Router# show mpls traffic-eng tunnels tunnel500 protection
               
              R1_t500 
               LSP Head, Tunnel500, Admin: up, Oper: up
               Src 10.1.1.1, Dest 10.0.0.9, Instance 44
               Fast Reroute Protection: None
               Path Protection: Backup lsp in use.
              R1# 

              The no shutdown command in the following command sequence causes the interface to be up again and activates the primary path:

              Router> enable
               
              Router# configure terminal
              Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
              Router(config)# interface fastethernet1/0/0
              Router(config-if)# no shutdown 
              Router(config-if)# end
              

              The following command output shows that path protection has been reestablished and the primary path is being used:

              Router# show mpls traffic-eng tunnels tunnel500
               
              Name: R1_t500 (Tunnel500) Destination: 10.0.0.9
               Status:
                Admin: up Oper: up Path: valid Signalling: connected
                path option 10, type explicit path344 (Basis for Setup, path weight 20)
                path option 20, type explicit path345
                Path Protection: 0 Common Link(s), 0 Common Node(s)
                path protect option 10, type explicit path3441 (Basis for Protect, path weight 20)
                path protect option 20, type explicit path348
               Config Parameters:
                Bandwidth: 100 kbps (Global) Priority: 7 7 Affinity: 0x0/0xFFFF
                Metric Type: TE (default)
                AutoRoute: enabled LockDown: disabled Loadshare: 100 bw-based
                auto-bw: disabled
               Active Path Option Parameters:
                State: explicit path option 10 is active
                BandwidthOverride: disabled LockDown: disabled Verbatim: disabled
               InLabel : - 
               OutLabel : FastEthernet1/0/0, 16
               RSVP Signalling Info:
                 Src 10.1.1.1, Dst 10.0.0.9, Tun_Id 500, Tun_Instance 52
                RSVP Path Info:
                 My Address: 10.2.0.1 
                 Explicit Route: 10.2.0.2  10.10.0.1  10.10.0.2  10.0.0.9 
                 Record Route: NONE
                 Tspec: ave rate=100 kbits, burst=1000 bytes, peak rate=100 kbits
                RSVP Resv Info:
                 Record Route: NONE
                 Fspec: ave rate=100 kbits, burst=1000 bytes, peak rate=100 kbits
                Shortest Unconstrained Path Info:
                 Path Weight: 20 (TE)
                 Explicit Route: 10.0.0.1  10.0.0.2  10.0.1.1  10.0.1.2  10.0.0.9 
                History:
                 Tunnel:
                  Time since created: 25 minutes, 26 seconds
                  Time since path change: 23 seconds
                  Number of LSP IDs (Tun_Instances) used: 52
                 Current LSP:
                 Uptime: 26 seconds
                  Selection: reoptimization
                 Prior LSP:
                  ID: path option 10 [44]
                  Removal Trigger: reoptimization completed
              R1#
              

              Following is sample show mpls traffic-eng tunnels command output. Tunnel500 is protected. After a failure, the primary LSP is protected.

              Router# show mpls traffic-eng tunnels tunnel500 protection
               
              R1_t500
               LSP Head, Tunnel500, Admin: up, Oper: up
               Src 10.1.1.1, Dest 10.0.0.9, Instance 52
               Fast Reroute Protection: None
               Path Protection: 0 Common Link(s), 0 Common Node(s)
                Primary lsp path:10.2.0.1   10.2.0.2 
                                 10.10.0.1  10.10.0.2 
                                 10.0.0.9 
                Protect lsp path:10.0.0.1   10.0.2 
                                 10.0.1.1 10.0.1.2 
                                 10.0.0.9 
                Path Protect Parameters:
                 Bandwidth: 100 kbps (Global) Priority: 7 7 Affinity: 0x0/0xFFFF
                 Metric Type: TE (default)
                InLabel : - 
                OutLabel : FastEthernet0/0/0, 16
                RSVP Signalling Info:
                  Src 10.1.1.1, Dst 10.0.0.9, Tun_Id 500, Tun_Instance 53
                 RSVP Path Info:
                  My Address: 10.0.0.1 
                  Explicit Route: 10.0.0.2  10.0.1.1  10.0.1.2  10.0.0.9 
                  Record Route: NONE
                  Tspec: ave rate=100 kbits, burst=1000 bytes, peak rate=100 kbits
                 RSVP Resv Info:
                  Record Route: NONE
                  Fspec: ave rate=100 kbits, burst=1000 bytes, peak rate=100 kbits
              R1# 

              Additional References

              Related Documents

              Related Topic

              Document Title

              Cisco IOS commands

              Cisco IOS Master Commands List, All Releases

              MPLS traffic engineering commands

              Cisco IOS Multiprotocol Label Switching Command Reference

              RSVP commands

              Cisco IOS Quality of Service Solutions Command Reference

              IS-IS

              • Cisco IOS IP Routing Protocols Command Reference
              • Configuring a Basic IS-IS Network

              OSPF

              • Cisco IOS IP Routing Protocols Command Reference
              • Configuring OSPF

              ISSU

              Cisco IOS XE In Service Software Upgrade Support

              NSF/SSO

              • Cisco Nonstop Forwarding
              • Stateful Switchover

              Standards

              Standard

              Title

              No new or modified standards are supported by this feature, and support for existing standards has not been modified by this feature.

              --

              MIBs

              MIB

              MIBs Link

              No new or modified MIBs are supported by this feature, and support for existing MIBs has not been modified by this feature.

              To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco software releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

              http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​go/​mibs

              RFCs

              RFC

              Title

              No new or modified RFCs are supported by this feature, and support for existing RFCs has not been modified by this feature.

              --

              Technical Assistance

              Description

              Link

              The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

              http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​cisco/​web/​support/​index.html

              Feature Information for MPLS Traffic Engineering Path Protection

              The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

              Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

              Table 1 Feature Information for MPLS Traffic Engineering Path Protection

              Feature Name

              Releases

              Feature Information

              MPLS Traffic Engineering Path Protection

              Cisco IOS XE Release 2.3

              The MPLS Traffic Engineering (TE): Path Protection feature provides an end-to-end failure recovery mechanism (that is, full path protection) for MPLS TE tunnels.

              This feature was integrated into Cisco IOS XE Release 2.3.

              The following commands were introduced or modified: show ip rsvp high-availability database, tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option, tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option protect.

              ISSU--MPLS Traffic Engineering (TE)--Path Protection

              Cisco IOS XE Release 2.3

              Cisco ISSU allows you to perform a Cisco IOS XE software upgrade or downgrade while the system continues to forward packets.

              This feature was integrated into Cisco IOS XE Release 2.3.

              NSF/SSO--MPLS Traffic Engineering (TE)--Path Protection

              Cisco IOS XE Release 2.3

              Cisco NSF with SSO provides continuous packet forwarding, even during a network processor hardware or software failure.

              This feature was integrated into Cisco IOS XE Release 2.3.

              MPLS TE--Enhanced Path Protection

              Cisco IOS XE Release 3.5S

              Enhanced path protection provides support of multiple backup path options per primary path option.

              This feature was integrated into Cisco IOS XE Release 3.5S.

              The following commands were added or modified: mpls traffic-eng path-option list, show mpls traffic-eng path-option list , show mpls traffic-eng tunnels, and tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option protect.

              Glossary

              autotunnel mesh group --An autotunnel mesh group (referred to as a mesh group) is a set of connections between edge LSRs in a network.

              backup tunnel --An MPLS TE tunnel used to protect other (primary) tunnels’ traffic when a link or node failure occurs.

              BGP --Border Gateway Protocol. An interdomain routing protocol designed to provide loop-free routing between separate routing domains that contain independent routing policies (autonomous systems).

              Cisco Express Forwarding --A means for accelerating the forwarding of packets within a router, by storing route lookup.

              Fast Reroute --Procedures that enable temporary routing around a failed link or node while a new LSP is being established at the headend.

              graceful restart --A process for helping an RP restart after a node failure has occurred.

              headend --The router that originates and maintains a given LSP. This is the first router in the LSP’s path.

              hop --Passage of a data packet between two network nodes (for example, between two routers).

              interface --A network connection.

              IS-IS --Intermediate System-to-Intermediate System. Link-state hierarchical routing protocol that calls for intermediate system (IS) routers to exchange routing information based on a single metric to determine network topology.

              ISSU --In Service Software Upgrade. The ISSU process allows Cisco IOS XE software at the router level to be updated or otherwise modified while packet forwarding continues.

              link --A point-to-point connection between adjacent nodes. There can be more than one link between adjacent nodes. A link is a network communications channel consisting of a circuit or transmission path and all related equipment between a sender and a receiver. Sometimes referred to as a line or a transmission link.

              LSP --label switched path. A configured connection between two routers, in which label switching is used to carry the packets. The purpose of an LSP is to carry data packets.

              MPLS --Multiprotocol Label Switching. Packet-forwarding technology, used in the network core, that applies data link layer labels to tell switching nodes how to forward data, resulting in faster and more scalable forwarding than network layer routing normally can do.

              NHOP --next hop. The next downstream node along an LSP’s path.

              NHOP backup tunnel --next-hop backup tunnel. The backup tunnel terminating at the LSP’s next hop beyond the point of failure, and originating at the hop immediately upstream of the point of failure. It bypasses a failed link, and is used to protect primary LSPs that were using this link before the failure.

              NNHOP --next-next hop. The node after the next downstream node along an LSP’s path.

              NNHOP backup tunnel --next-next-hop backup tunnel. The backup tunnel terminating at the LSP’s next-next hop beyond the point of failure, and originating at the hop immediately upstream of the point of failure. It bypasses a failed link or node, and is used to protect primary LSPs that were using this link or node before the failure.

              node --The endpoint of a network connection or a junction common to two or more lines in a network. Nodes can be interconnected by links, and serve as control points in the network. Nodes can be processors, controllers, or workstations.

              NSF --Cisco nonstop forwarding. Cisco NSF always runs with stateful switchover (SSO) and provides redundancy for Layer 3 traffic. NSF works with SSO to minimize the amount of time that a network is unavailable to its users following a switchover. The main purpose of NSF is to continue forwarding IP packets following a supervisor engine switchover.

              OSPF --Open Shortest Path First. A link-state hierarchical Interior Gateway Protocol routing algorithm, derived from the IS-IS protocol. OSPF features include least-cost routing, multipath routing, and load balancing.

              primary LSP --The last LSP originally signaled over the protected interface before the failure. A primary LSP is signaled by configuring a primary path option.

              primary tunnel --A tunnel whose LSP may be fast rerouted if there is a failure. Backup tunnels cannot be primary tunnels.

              protected interface --An interface that has one or more backup tunnels associated with it.

              router --A network layer device that uses one or more metrics to determine the optimal path along which network traffic should be forwarded. Routers forward packets from one network to another based on network layer information.

              RP --Route Processor. A generic term for the centralized control unit in a chassis.

              RSVP --Resource Reservation Protocol. An IETF protocol used for signaling requests (setting up reservations) for Internet services by a customer before that customer is permitted to transmit data over that portion of the network.

              secondary LSP --The LSP that is signaled to provide path protection. A secondary LSP protects a primary LSP.

              secondary path option --Configuration of the path option that provides protection.

              SRLG --Shared Risk Link Group. Sets of links that are likely to go down together (for example, because they have the same underlying fiber).

              state --Information that a router must maintain about each LSP. The information is used for rerouting tunnels.

              tailend --The router upon which an LSP is terminated. This is the last router in the LSP’s path.

              TE --traffic engineering. The techniques and processes used to cause routed traffic to travel through the network on a path other than the one that would have been chosen if standard routing methods had been used.

              topology --The physical arrangement of network nodes and media within an enterprise networking structure.

              tunnel --Secure communications path between two peers, such as two routers.

              VoIP --Voice over IP. The capability of a router to carry voice traffic (for example, telephone calls and faxes) over an IP network. Cisco’s voice support is implemented by using voice packet technology.