Intelligent Services Gateway Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS XE Release 3S
Walk-By User Support for PWLANs in ISG
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Walk-By User Support for PWLANs in ISG

Walk-By User Support for PWLANs in ISG

The Walk-By User Support for PWLANs in ISG feature enables the Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) that is configured as a RADIUS proxy to handle unauthenticated sessions from wireless devices that do not use the public wireless LAN (PWLAN) service. These sessions are called walk-by sessions or lite sessions, and users that use these sessions are called walk-by users.

With the implementation of this feature, unauthenticated users are assigned lite sessions based on the default session. These lite sessions optimize resource usage because they enable the walk-by user to use only session start services mentioned in the default policy configured for the default session.

This module describes how to create and apply a default policy for default sessions to enable the Walk-By User Support for PWLANs in ISG feature.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Prerequisites for Walk-By User Support for PWLANs in ISG

Your implementation of the Cisco software image must support authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA) and Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG).

Restrictions for Walk-By User Support for PWLANs in ISG

  • IPv6 sessions are not supported.
  • Only Layer 4 Redirect (L4R), Port-Bundle Host Key (PBHK), and service virtual routing and forwarding (VRF) features are supported. The L4R feature for walk-by session supports only 16 translation entries.
  • Lite sessions do not support prepaid, accounting, quality of service (QoS), timers, or RADIUS-timeout features.

Information About Walk-By User Support for PWLANs in ISG

Default Sessions

A default session is a template session that is used as a reference by lite sessions created for walk-by subscribers on a given interface. When an edge device connects to an open service set ID (SSID) in a public wireless LAN (PWLAN) environment a lite session is created on the Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG). Each lite session applies the session start services defined in the default policy configured for the default session. Only one default session can be configured on each device interface. The default policy defines the default session start services and features to be used as a template for the lite session.

Lite Sessions or Walk-By Sessions

In most public wireless LAN (PWLAN) setups, a high percentage of Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) sessions are unauthenticated sessions from wireless devices that do not use the PWLAN service. These sessions are called walk-by sessions or lite sessions, and users that use these sessions are called walk-by users. Walk-by sessions consume a significant amount of CPU, memory and other physical resources of the ISG router. This resource utilization may lead to an increase in the number of ISG devices that are required for a given PWLAN deployment.

A lite session inherits the session start services applied for the default session. Lite sessions are created on ISG to support walk-by users and optimize resource usage. Each lite session is associated with an individual timer that specifies the duration for which the session can utilize PWLAN services while remaining unauthenticated. If these lite sessions remain unauthenticated even after the timer expires, these sessions are deleted from ISG.

Lite sessions are also created when dedicated sessions fail authentication.

Dedicated Sessions

A dedicated or regular session is a full-fledged Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) subscriber session. All subscriber sessions that are authenticated cause the creation of dedicated sessions on ISG. The policy manager of ISG decides whether to create a complete session context (a dedicated session) or a minimal session context (a lite session).

All ISG sessions that are not lite sessions are dedicated sessions. However, on authorization failure, a dedicated session is converted to a lite session. Sometimes, ISG can neither convert lite sessions to dedicated sessions nor create dedicated sessions immediately on the First Sign of Life (FSoL). In this case, an authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA) interaction is required based on which ISG decides whether to create a lite session or a dedicated session. ISG first creates a dedicated session for the subscriber, and then based on the AAA interaction, the subscriber continues with the dedicated ISG session or is moved to a lite session.

How to Configure Walk-By User Support for PWLANs in ISG

Creating and Enabling a Default Policy for a Default Session

Perform this task to create and enable a default policy for a default session on an interface. Each interface can have only one default policy.

A default session is set up to optimize the creation of Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) sessions for walk-by users. The default session serves as a template that is used by lite sessions for walk-by users. The default policy contains session start services only to which all lite sessions refer. A default policy has the following two functions:

  • Identify users who qualify for lite session optimization.
  • Identify services or features that need to be applied on default sessions.
SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    policy-map type service policy-map-name

    4.    service local

    5.    ip portbundle

    6.    exit

    7.    class-map type traffic match-any class-map-name

    8.    match access-group {input | output} {access-list-number | name access-list-name}

    9.    exit

    10.    policy-map type service policy-map-name

    11.    [priority] class type traffic {class-map-name | default {in-out | input | output}}

    12.    redirect to group {server-group-name | ip server-ip-address [port port-number]} [duration seconds [frequency seconds]]

    13.    exit

    14.    exit

    15.    policy-map type control policy-map-name

    16.    class type control {control-class-name | always} [event session-start]

    17.    action-number service-policy type service name policy-map-name

    18.    action-number service-policy type service name policy-map-name

    19.    action-number set-timer name-of-timer minutes

    20.    exit

    21.    exit

    22.    interface type number

    23.    service-policy type control {policy-map-name | default [def-policy-map-name]}

    24.    service-policy type control {policy-map-name | default [def-policy-map-name]}

    25.    end

    26.    show running-config interface type number


DETAILED STEPS
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Device> enable
    
     

    Enters privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.
     
    Step 2configure terminal


    Example:
    Device# configure terminal
    
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3 policy-map type service policy-map-name


    Example:
    Device(config)# policy-map type service PBHK
    
     

    Configures a service policy map, and enters service policy-map configuration mode.

     
    Step 4 service local


    Example:
    Device(config-service-policymap)# service local
    
     

    Specifies the local termination service in the ISG service policy map.

     
    Step 5 ip portbundle


    Example:
    Device(config-service-policymap)# ip portbundle
    
     

    Enables the ISG Port-Bundle Host Key (PBHK) feature for the service.

     
    Step 6 exit


    Example:
    Device(config-service-policymap)# exit
    
     

    Returns to global configuration mode.

     
    Step 7 class-map type traffic match-any class-map-name


    Example:
    Device(config)# class-map type traffic match-any ALLTRAFFIC
    
     

    Creates or modifies a traffic class map, which is used for matching packets to a specified ISG traffic class, and enters traffic class-map configuration mode.

     
    Step 8 match access-group {input | output} {access-list-number | name access-list-name}


    Example:
    Device(config-traffic-classmap)# match access-group input 100
    
     

    Configures the match criteria for an ISG traffic class map on the basis of the specified access control list (ACL).

     
    Step 9 exit


    Example:
    Device(config-traffic-classmap)# exit
    
     

    Exits traffic class-map configuration mode.

     
    Step 10 policy-map type service policy-map-name


    Example:
    Device(config)# policy-map type service L4R
    
     

    Configures another service policy map, and enters service policy-map configuration mode.

     
    Step 11 [priority] class type traffic {class-map-name | default {in-out | input | output}}


    Example:
    Device(config-service-policymap)# class type traffic ALLTRAFFIC
    
     

    Associates a previously configured ISG traffic class map with a service policy map, and enters service policy-map traffic class configuration mode.

     
    Step 12 redirect to group {server-group-name | ip server-ip-address [port port-number]} [duration seconds [frequency seconds]]


    Example:
    Device(config-service-policymap-class-traffic)# redirect to group PORTAL
    
     

    Redirects ISG Layer 4 traffic to a specified server or server group.

     
    Step 13 exit


    Example:
    Device(config-service-policymap-class-traffic)# exit
    
     

    Returns to service policy-map configuration mode.

     
    Step 14 exit


    Example:
    Device(config-service-policymap)# exit
    
     

    Returns to global configuration mode.

     
    Step 15 policy-map type control policy-map-name


    Example:
    Device(config)# policy-map type control DefRULE
    
     

    Creates or modifies a default control policy map, which is used to define a control policy, and enters control policy-map configuration mode.

     
    Step 16 class type control {control-class-name | always} [event session-start]


    Example:
    Device(config-control-policymap)# class type control always event session-start
    
     

    Specifies a control class for which actions are configured and enters control policy-map class configuration mode.

     
    Step 17 action-number service-policy type service name policy-map-name


    Example:
    Device(config-control-policymap-class-control)# 10 service-policy type service name PBHK
    
     

    Activates the specified ISG service.

     
    Step 18 action-number service-policy type service name policy-map-name


    Example:
    Device(config-control-policymap-class-control)# 20 service-policy type service name L4R
    
     

    (Optional) Activates another specified ISG service.

     
    Step 19 action-number set-timer name-of-timer minutes


    Example:
    Device(config-control-policymap-class-control)# 30 set-timer UNAUTH 1
    
     

    Starts a named policy timer.

    • Expiration of the timer initiates the timed-policy-expiry event.
     
    Step 20 exit


    Example:
    Device(config-control-policymap-class-control)# exit
    
     

    Returns to control policy-map configuration mode.

     
    Step 21 exit


    Example:
    Device(config-control-policymap)# exit
    
     

    Returns to global configuration mode.

     
    Step 22 interface type number


    Example:
    Device(config)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/4
    
     

    Specifies an interface and enters interface configuration mode.

     
    Step 23 service-policy type control {policy-map-name | default [def-policy-map-name]}


    Example:
    Device(config-if)# service-policy type control default DefRULE
    
     

    Applies a default control policy on the interface.

     
    Step 24 service-policy type control {policy-map-name | default [def-policy-map-name]}


    Example:
    Device(config-if)# service-policy type control RegRULE
    
     

    Applies a regular control policy on the interface.

     
    Step 25 end


    Example:
    Device(config-if)# end
    
     

    Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

     
    Step 26 show running-config interface type number


    Example:
    Device# show running-config interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/4
    
     

    (Optional) Displays the running configuration for a specific interface.

     

    Configuration Examples for Walk-By User Support for PWLANs in ISG

    Example: Creating and Enabling a Default Policy for a Default Session

    The following example shows how to create and enable a default policy named DefRULE on the Gigabit Ethernet interface:

    Device> enable
    Device# configure terminal
    Device(config)# policy-map type service PBHK
    Device(config-service-policymap)# service local
    Device(config-service-policymap)# ip portbundle
    Device(config-service-policymap)# exit
    Device(config)# class-map type traffic match-any ALLTRAFFIC
    Device(config-traffic-classmap)# match access-group input 100
    Device(config-traffic-classmap)# exit
    Device(config)# policy-map type service L4R
    Device(config-service-policymap)# class type traffic ALLTRAFFIC
    Device(config-service-policymap-class-traffic)# redirect to group PORTAL
    Device(config-service-policymap-class-traffic)# exit
    Device(config-service-policymap)# exit
    Device(config)# policy-map type control DefRULE
    Device(config-control-policymap)# class type control always event session-start
    Device(config-control-policymap-class-control)# 10 service-policy type service name PBHK
    Device(config-control-policymap-class-control)# 20 service-policy type service name L4R
    Device(config-control-policymap-class-control)# 30 set-timer UNAUTH 1
    Device(config-control-policymap-class-control)# exit
    Device(config-control-policymap)# exit
    Device(config)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/4
    Device(config-if)# service-policy type control default DefRULE
    Device(config-if)# service-policy type control RegRULE
    Device(config-if)# end
    

    The following sample output from the show running-config interface command displays the policies configured on the Gigabit Ethernet interface. The default policy configured for default sessions on the Gigabit Ethernet interface is DefRULE, and the regular policy configured for dedicated sessions on the Gigabit Ethernet interface is RegRULE.

    Device# show running-config interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/4
    
    Building configuration...
    
    Current configuration : 318 bytes
    !
    interface GigabitEthernet0/0/4
    ip address 192.0.2.1 255.255.255.0
    negotiation auto
    service-policy type control default DefRULE
    service-policy type control RegRULE
    ip subscriber routed
      initiator unclassified ip-address
    end
    

    Additional References

    Related Documents

    Related Topic

    Document Title

    Cisco IOS commands

    Master Command List, All Releases

    ISG commands

    ISG Command Reference

    Technical Assistance

    Description

    Link

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    http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​cisco/​web/​support/​index.html

    Feature Information for Walk-By User Support for PWLANs in ISG

    The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

    Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

    Table 1 Feature Information for Walk-By User Support for PWLANs in ISG

    Feature Name

    Releases

    Feature Information

    Walk-By User Support for PWLANs in ISG

    Cisco IOS XE Release 3.7S

    The Walk-By User Support for PWLANs in ISG feature enables the Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) that is configured as a RADIUS proxy to handle unauthenticated sessions from wireless devices that do not use the public wireless LAN (PWLAN) service. These sessions are called walk-by sessions.

    With the implementation of this feature, unauthenticated users are assigned lite sessions based on the default session. These lite sessions optimize resource usage because they enable the walk-by user to use only session start services mentioned in the default policy configured for the default session.

    The following commands were introduced or modified: clear subscriber lite-session, clear subscriber session, debug subscriber lite-session errors, debug subscriber lite-session events, service-policy type control, show subscriber default-session, and show subscriber statistics.