Cisco IOS Intelligent Services Gateway Command Reference
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aaa accounting redundancy

To set the Accounting, Authorization, and Authentication (AAA) platform redundancy accounting behavior, use the aaa accounting redundancy command in global configuration mode. To disable the accounting behavior, use the no form of this command.

aaa accounting redundancy { best-effort-reuse [send-interim] | new-session | suppress system-records }

no aaa accounting redundancy { best-effort-reuse [send-interim] | new-session | suppress system-records }

Syntax Description

best-effort-reuse

Tracks redundant accounting sessions as existing sessions after switchover.

send-interim

(Optional) Sends an interim accounting update after switchover.

new-session

Tracks redundant accounting sessions as new sessions after switchover.

suppress

Suppresses specific records upon switchover.

system-records

Suppresses system records upon switchover.

Command Default

A redundant session is set as a new session upon switchover.

Command Modes


Global configuration (config)

Command History

Release

Modification

15.0(1)M

This command was introduced in a release earlier than Cisco IOS Release 15.0(1)M.

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.6

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS XE Release 2.6.

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.5S

This command was modified. The send-interim keyword was added.

Usage Guidelines

Use the aaa accounting redundancy command to specify the AAA platform redundancy accounting behavior. This command also enables you to track the redundant sessions or existing sessions upon switchover.

Use the send-interim keyword to send the interim accounting record first after a switchover. The router sends the interim update for all sessions that survived the switchover as soon as the standby processor becomes active.

Examples

The following example shows how to set the AAA platform redundancy accounting behavior to track redundant sessions as existing sessions upon switchover:

Router(config)# aaa accounting redundancy best-effort-reuse

The following example shows how to enable the router to send the interim accounting record first after a switchover:

Router(config)# aaa accounting redundancy best-effort-reuse send-interim

Related Commands

Command

Description

aaa accounting delay-start

Specifies delay generation of accounting “start” records until the user IP address is established.

aaa authentication dot1x

Specifies one or more AAA methods for use on interfaces running IEEE 802.1X.

aaa authorization radius-proxy

To configure authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA) authorization methods for Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) RADIUS proxy subscribers, use the aaa authorization radius-proxy command in global configuration mode. To remove authorization methods for ISG RADIUS proxy subscribers, use the no form of this command.

aaa authorization radius-proxy { default | list-name } method1 [ method2 [ method3 ... ] ]

no aaa authorization radius-proxy { default | list-name } method1 [ method2 [ method3 ... ] ]

Syntax Description

default

Configures the specified method list as the default method list for ISG RADIUS proxy subscriber authorization.

list-name

Character string used to name the list of authorization methods.

method1 , method2, method3, etc.

Specifies one or more authorization methods to be used for authorization. A method may be any of the following:

  • group group-name- —Uses a subset of RADIUS servers for authorization as defined by the server group group-name command.
  • group radius—Uses the list of all RADIUS servers for authentication as defined by the aaa group server radius command.

Command Default

A AAA method list for ISG RADIUS proxy clients is not specified.

Command Modes

Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(31)SB2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the aaa authorization radius-proxy command to enable authorization and to create named method lists, which define authorization methods that are used to authorize ISG RADIUS proxy subscribers. Method lists for authorization define the ways in which authorization is performed and the sequence in which these methods are performed. A method list is a named list describing the authorization methods to be used, in sequence. Cisco IOS software uses the first method listed to authorize users for specific network services; if that method fails to respond, the Cisco IOS software selects the next method listed in the method list. This process continues until there is successful communication with a listed authorization method, or all methods defined are exhausted.

Examples

The following example configures an ISG RADIUS proxy authorization method list called “RP”. The server group called “EAP” is the method specified in that method list. The control policy called “PROXYRULE” contains a policy rule to send RADIUS proxy packets to the method list “RP”.

aaa group server radius EAP 
 server 10.2.36.253 auth-port 1812 acct-port 1813 
aaa authorization radius-proxy RP group EAP 
policy-map type control PROXYRULE
 class type control always event session-start
  1 proxy aaa list RP 

Related Commands

Command

Description

aaa authorization

Sets parameters that restrict user access to a network.

aaa authorization subscriber-service

To specify one or more authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA) service authorization method lists for the Cisco Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) to use in providing subscriber service, use the aaa authorization subscriber-service command in global configuration mode. To remove this specification, use the no form of this command.

aaa authorization subscriber-service { default { cache | group | local } | list-name } method1 [ method2 ... ]

no aaa authorization subscriber-service { default { cache | group | local } | list-name } method1 [ method2 ... ]

Syntax Description

default

Used with either the cache, group or local keywords to select the default authorization method.

cache

Specifies the cached-group for the default authorization method.

group

Specifies the server-group for the default authorization method.

local

Specifies the local database for the default authorization method.

list-name

Character string used to name the list of authorization methods.

method1 [method2...]

Specifies an authorization method or (optionally) multiple authorization methods to be used for authorization. A method may be any one of the keywords listed in the table below.

Command Default

A method list is not specified.

Command Modes

Global configuration (config)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The table below lists the keywords that can be used with the aaa authorization subscriber-service command to specify authorization methods.

Table 1 aaa authorization subscriber-service Keywords

Keyword

Description

cache name

Uses the specified cache, which is located in the profile database, for authorization.

cache radius

Uses the cache for all RADIUS requests for subscriber service authorization.

cache tacacs

Uses the cache for all TACACS+ requests for subscriber service authorization.

group name

Uses a subset of RADIUS or TACACS+ servers for authorization as defined by the server group command.

group radius

Uses the list of all RADIUS servers for authentication as defined by the aaa group server radius command.

group tacacs

Uses the list of all TACACS+ servers for authorization as defined by the aaa group server tacacs+ command.

local

Uses the local database for authorization.

Cisco IOS software supports the following authorization methods for ISG subscriber services:

  • RADIUS--The network access server requests authorization information from the RADIUS security server group. RADIUS authorization defines specific rights for users by associating attributes, which are stored in a database on the RADIUS server, with the appropriate user.
  • TACACS+--The network access server exchanges authorization information with the TACACS+ security daemon. TACACS+ authorization defines specific rights for users by associating attribute-value (AV) pairs, which are stored in a database on the TACACS+ security server, with the appropriate user.
  • Local--The router or access server consults its local database, as defined by the username command, to authorize specific rights for users. Only a limited set of functions can be controlled via the local database.

When you create a named method list, you are defining a particular list of authorization methods for the indicated authorization type. Once defined, method lists must be applied to specific lines or interfaces before any of the defined methods will be performed.

If there is a method list configured for subscriber service authorization under the virtual template, then Cisco ISG will look for the method list configured using the aaa authorization subscriber-service command.

If the method list is not found, then Cisco ISG will look for a corresponding method list configured using the aaa authorization network command.

However, if the method list is not configured here too, then the subscriber service authorization is stopped.

The aaa authorization subscriber-service command causes a request packet containing a series of AV pairs to be sent to the RADIUS or TACACS daemon as part of the authorization process. The daemon can do one of the following:

  • Accept the request as is.
  • Make changes to the request.
  • Refuse the request and refuse authorization.

Examples

The following example defines the subscriber service authorization method list named “mygroup”, which specifies RADIUS authorization. If the RADIUS server fails to respond, local authorization will be performed.

aaa authorization subscriber-service mygroup group radius local

Related Commands

Command

Description

aaa group server radius

Groups different RADIUS server hosts into distinct lists and distinct methods.

aaa group server tacacs+

Groups different TACACS+ server hosts into distinct lists and distinct methods.

aaa new-model

Enables the AAA access control model.

radius-server host

Specifies a RADIUS server host.

tacacs-server host

Specifies a TACACS+ host.

aaa server radius dynamic-author

To configure a device as an authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA) server to facilitate interaction with an external policy server, use the aaa server radius dynamic-authorcommand in global configuration mode. To remove this configuration, use the no form of this command.

aaa server radius dynamic-author

no aaa server radius dynamic-author

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Default

The device will not function as a server when interacting with external policy servers.

Command Modes

Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

12.4

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.4.

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.6

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS XE Release 2.6.

12.2(5)SXI

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(5)SXI.

15.2(2)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 15.2(2)T.

Usage Guidelines

Dynamic authorization allows an external policy server to dynamically send updates to a device. Once the aaa server radius dynamic-author command is configured, dynamic authorization local server configuration mode is entered. Once in this mode, the RADIUS application commands can be configured.

Dynamic Authorization for the Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG)

ISG works with external devices, referred to as policy servers, that store per-subscriber and per-service information. ISG supports two models of interaction between the ISG device and external policy servers: initial authorization and dynamic authorization.

The dynamic authorization model allows an external policy server to dynamically send policies to the ISG. These operations can be initiated in-band by subscribers (through service selection) or through the actions of an administrator, or applications can change policies on the basis of an algorithm (for example, change session quality of service (QoS) at a certain time of day). This model is facilitated by the Change of Authorization (CoA) RADIUS extension. CoA introduced peer-to-peer capability to RADIUS, enabling ISG and the external policy server each to act as a RADIUS client and server.

Examples

The following example configures the ISG to act as a AAA server when interacting with the client at IP address 10.12.12.12:

aaa server radius dynamic-author
 client 10.12.12.12 key cisco
 message-authenticator ignore

Related Commands

Command

Description

auth-type (ISG)

Specifies the server authorization type.

client

Specifies a RADIUS client from which a device will accept CoA and disconnect requests.

default

Sets a RADIUS application command to its default.

domain

Specifies username domain options.

ignore

Overrides a behavior to ignore certain paremeters.

port

Specifies a port on which local RADIUS server listens.

server-key

Specifies the encryption key shared with RADIUS clients.

aaa server radius policy-device

To enable Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) RADIUS server configuration mode, in which the ISG RADIUS server parameters can be configured, use the aaa server radius policy-devicecommand in global configuration mode. To remove the RADIUS server configuration, use the no form of this command.

aaa server radius policy-device

no aaa server radius policy-device

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Default

RADIUS ISG parameters are not configured. No external policy device is configured.

Command Modes

Global configuration (config)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(33)SRC

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SB

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SB

Usage Guidelines

The aaa server radius policy-devicecommand enables ISG RADIUS server configuration mode, in which global ISG RADIUS server parameters can be configured.

Examples

The following example configures a shared encryption key for the RADIUS client and specifies authentication details.

Router(config)#aaa server radius policy-device
Router(config-locsvr-policy-device-radius)#key cisco
Router(config-locsvr-policy-device-radius)#client 10.1.1.13
Router(config-locsvr-policy-device-radius)#message-authenticator ignore

Related Commands

Command

Description

key

Configures a shared encryption key for the RADIUS clients.

client

Allows modification of RADIUS clients at run time.

message-authenticator

Authenticates messages from clients.

aaa server radius proxy

To enable Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) RADIUS proxy configuration mode, in which ISG RADIUS proxy parameters can be configured, use the aaa server radius proxy command in global configuration mode. To remove the ISG RADIUS proxy configuration, use the no form of this command.

aaa server radius proxy

no aaa server radius proxy

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Default

ISG RADIUS proxy parameters are not configured, and ISG does not serve as a RADIUS proxy.

Command Modes

Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(31)SB2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The aaa server radius proxycommand enables ISG RADIUS proxy server configuration mode, in which global RADIUS proxy parameters can be configured. The client command can be used in RADIUS proxy server configuration mode to specify a client for which RADIUS proxy parameters can be configured. Client-specific RADIUS proxy configurations take precedence over the global RADIUS proxy server configuration.

Examples

The following example configures the accounting port to be used by ISG for all RADIUS proxy clients:

aaa server radius proxy
 accounting port 1200

accounting aaa list

To enable Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) accounting and specify an authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA) method list to which accounting updates will be forwarded, use the accounting aaa list command in service policy-map configuration or service policy traffic class configuration mode. To disable ISG accounting, use the no form of this command.

accounting aaa list aaa-method-list

no accounting aaa list aaa-method-list

Syntax Description

aaa-method-list

AAA method list to which Accounting-Start, interim, and Accounting-Stop records will be sent.

Command Default

ISG accounting is not enabled.

Command Modes

Service policy-map configuration
Service policy traffic class configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

An ISG sends accounting records to the AAA method list specified by the accounting aaa list command. A AAA method list must also be configured by using the aaa accounting command. See the Cisco IOS Security Command Reference for more information.

Use the accounting aaa list command to enable per-session accounting by configuring the command in service policy-map configuration mode. Per-session accounting can also be configured on a remote AAA server by adding the ISG accounting attribute to a user profile or to a service profile that does not include a traffic class.

To enable per-flow accounting, enter the accounting aaa list command in service policy traffic class configuration mode. Per-flow accounting can also be configured on a remote AAA server by adding the ISG accounting attribute to a service profile that includes a traffic class.

Examples

The following example shows ISG per-session accounting configured for a service called “video1”:

policy-map type service video1
 accounting aaa list mlist1

The following example shows ISG per-flow accounting configured for a service called “video1”:

class-map type traffic match-any video1
 match access-group output 101
 match access-group input 100
!
policy-map type service video1
 class type traffic video1
  accounting aaa list mlist1

Related Commands

Command

Description

aaa accounting

Enables AAA accounting of requested services for billing or security purposes when you use RADIUS or TACACS+.

accounting method-list

To configure Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) to forward accounting packets from RADIUS proxy clients to a specified server, use the accounting method-list command in RADIUS proxy server configuration mode or RADIUS proxy client configuration mode. To disable the forwarding of accounting packets from RADIUS proxy clients, use the no form of this command.

accounting method-list { list-name | default }

no accounting method-list { list-name | default }

Syntax Description

list-name

Name of the method list to which accounting packets are sent.

default

Specifies that accounting packets will be forwarded to the default RADIUS server.

Command Default

ISG RADIUS proxy handles accounting packets locally.

Command Modes

RADIUS proxy server configuration
RADIUS proxy client configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(31)SB2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

By default, ISG RADIUS proxy responds locally to accounting packets it receives. The accounting method-list command configures ISG to forward accounting packets from RADIUS proxy clients to a specified method list. Forwarding of accounting packets can be configured globally for all RADIUS proxy clients or on a per-client basis. The per-client configuration of this command overrides the global configuration.

The default method list is configured with the aaa accounting command.

Examples

The following example shows the ISG configured to forward accounting packets from all RADIUS proxy clients to the method list “RP-ACCT-MLIST”:

aaa group server radius RP-BILLING
 server 10.52.199.147 auth-port 1645 acct-port 1646
 server 10.52.199.148 auth-port 1812 acct-port 1813
!
aaa group server radius RP-BILLING-HOTSTANDBY
 server 10.52.200.20 auth-port 1645 acct-port 1646
 server 10.52.200.21 auth-port 1812 acct-port 1813
!
...
aaa accounting network RP-ACCT-MLIST start-stop broadcast group RP-BILLING group RP-BILLING-HOTSTANDBY
...
aaa server radius proxy
 key cisco
 accounting method-list RP-ACCT-MLIST
 client 10.52.100.20
 !
...
radius-server host 10.52.199.147 auth-port 1645 acct-port 1646 key troy
radius-server host 10.52.199.148 auth-port 1812 acct-port 1813 key tempest
radius-server host 10.52.200.20 auth-port 1645 acct-port 1646 key captain
radius-server host 10.52.200.21 auth-port 1812 acct-port 11813 key scarlet

Related Commands

Command

Description

aaa accounting

Enables AAA accounting of requested services for billing or security purposes when you use RADIUS or TACACS+.

aaa server radius proxy

Enables ISG RADIUS proxy configuration mode, in which ISG RADIUS proxy parameters can be configured.

client (ISG RADIUS proxy)

Enters ISG RADIUS proxy client configuration mode, in which client-specific RADIUS proxy parameters can be specified.

accounting port

To specify the port on which Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) listens for accounting packets from RADIUS proxy clients, use the accounting port command in RADIUS proxy server configuration or RADIUS proxy client configuration mode. To return to the default value, use the no form of this command.

accounting port port-number

no accounting port

Syntax Description

port-number

Port on which ISG listens for accounting packets from RADIUS proxy clients. The default is 1646.

Command Default

ISG listens for accounting packets from RADIUS proxy clients on port 1646.

Command Modes

RADIUS proxy server configuration (config-locsvr-proxy-radius)
RADIUS proxy client configuration (config-locsvr-radius-client)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(31)SB2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The accounting port can be specified globally for all RADIUS proxy clients, or it can be specified per client. The per-client configuration of this command overrides the global configuration.

Examples

The following example configures ISG to listen for accounting packets on port 1200 for all RADIUS proxy clients:

aaa server radius proxy
 accounting port 1200

The following example configures ISG to listen for accounting packets on port 1200 for the RADIUS proxy client with the IP address 10.10.10.10:

aaa server radius proxy
 client 10.10.10.10
  accounting port 1200

Related Commands

Command

Description

aaa server radius proxy

Enables ISG RADIUS proxy configuration mode, in which ISG RADIUS proxy parameters can be configured.

client (ISG RADIUS proxy)

Enters ISG RADIUS proxy client configuration mode, in which client-specific RADIUS proxy parameters can be specified.

arp ignore local

To prevent Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) from replying to incoming Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) requests for destinations on the same interface, use the arp ignore local command in IP subscriber configuration mode. To reset to the default, use the no form of this command.

arp ignore local

no arp ignore local

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Default

ISG replies to incoming ARP requests for destinations on the same interface.

Command Modes

IP subscriber configuration (config-subscriber)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(33)SRE1

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The arp ignore local command blocks ISG from replying to ARP requests received on an interface if the source and destination IP addresses for an ARP request are on the same VLAN that the interface is connected to, or if the destination IP address is in a different subnet but is routable from the interface where the ARP is received. ISG does, however, reply to ARP requests when the source and destination IP addresses are in the same subnet if the IP addresses belong to different VLANs.

If the arp ignore local command is configured and a subscriber session is in virtual routing and forwarding (VRF) transfer mode, ISG will reply to an ARP request from the customer premises equipment (CPE) if:

  • The ARP request is for an IP address on the access interface that is reachable by ISG within the VRF.
  • The destination IP address is not in the same VRF subnet as the VRF’s multiservice interface.

When the CPE receives the ARP reply and routes the corresponding IP packets to ISG, ISG routes the packets in the VRF domain.

Examples

The following example shows how to configure ISG to ignore ARP requests received on Ethernet interface 0/0.1 if the source and destination are in the same subnet:

Router(config)# interface ethernet 0/0.1
Router(config-subif)# ip subscriber l2-connected
Router(config-subscriber)# arp ignore local

Related Commands

Command

Description

show ip subscriber

Displays information about ISG IP subscriber sessions.

authenticate (control policy-map class)

To initiate an authentication request for an Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) subscriber session, use the authenticate command in control policy-map class configuration mode. To remove an authentication request for an ISG subscriber session, use the no form of this command.

action-number authenticate [ variable varname ] [ aaa list { list-name | default } ]

no action-number authenticate [ variable varname ] [ aaa list { list-name | default } ]

Syntax Description

action-number

Number of the action. Actions are executed sequentially within the policy rule.

variable

(Optional) Authenticates using the contents of the varnamevalue instead of the unauthenticated username. If you do not specify an aaa list, the default AAA authentication list is used.

varname

Specifies that user authentication will be performed on the contents of the varname value, if present.

aaa list

(Optional) Specifies that authentication will be performed using an authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA) method list.

list-name

Specifies the AAA method list to which the authentication request will be sent.

default

Specifies the default AAA method list to which the authentication request will be sent.

Command Default

The control policy will not initiate authentication.

Command Modes

Control policy-map class configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

12.2(31)SB2

The variable keyword and varname argument were added.

Usage Guidelines

The authenticate command configures an action in a control policy map.

Control policies define the actions the system will take in response to specified events and conditions. A control policy map is used to configure an ISG control policy. A control policy is made of one or more control policy rules. A control policy rule is an association of a control class and one or more actions. The control class defines the conditions that must be met before the actions will be executed. The actions are numbered and executed sequentially within the policy rule.

Note that if you specify the default method list, the default list will not appear in the output of the show running-config command. For example, if you configure the following command:

Router(config-control-policymap-class-control)# 1 authenticate aaa list default 

the following will display in the output for the show running-config command:

1 authenticate 

Named method lists will display in the show running-config command output.

Examples

The following example shows an ISG configured to initiate an authentication request upon account logon. The authentication request will be sent to the AAA method list called AUTH-LIST.

policy-map type control LOGIN
 class type control always event account-logon
  1 authenticate aaa list AUTH-LIST
  2 service-policy type service unapply BLIND-RDT

The following example shows the policy map configured to initiate an authentication request using a name stored in the variable NEWNAME, instead of unauthenticated-username, using the AAA list EXAMPLE. The authenticate statement is shown in bold:

policy-map type control REPLACE_WITH_example.com
 class type control always event session-start
  1 collect identifier unauthenticated-username
  2 set NEWNAME identifier unauthenticated-username
  3 substitute NEWNAME “(.*@).*” “\1example.com”
  4 authenticate variable NEWNAME aaa list EXAMPLE
  5 service-policy type service name example
policy-map type service abc
 service vpdn group 1
bba-group pppoe global
 virtual-template 1
!
interface Virtual-Template1
 service-policy type control REPLACE_WITH_example.com

Related Commands

Command

Description

class type control

Specifies a control class for which actions may be configured in an ISG control policy map.

policy-map type control

Creates or modifies a control policy map, which defines an ISG control policy.

set variable

Creates a temporary memory to hold the value of identifier types received by the policy manager.

substitute

Matches the contents, stored in temporary memory of identifier types received by the policy manager, against a specified matching patternand performs the substitution defined in a rewrite pattern.

authenticate (service policy-map)

To specify authentication as a condition of service activation and initiate authentication requests for Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) subscribers accessing a service, use the authenticate command in service policy-map configuration mode. To remove this specification, use the no form of this command.

authenticate aaa list name-of-list

no authenticate aaa list name-of-list

Syntax Description

aaa

Specifies that authentication will be performed using an authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA) method list.

list name-of-list

Specifies the AAA method list to which the authentication request will be sent.

Command Default

Authentication is not specified as a condition of service activation.

Command Modes

Service policy-map configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The authenticate (service policy-map) command specifies authentication as a condition of service activation in an ISG service policy map. Service policy maps define ISG subscriber services. Services can also be defined in service profiles. Service policy maps and service profiles serve the same purpose; the only difference between them is that a service policy map is defined on the local device using the policy-map type service command, and a service profile is configured on an external device, such as a AAA server.

Examples

The following example specifies authentication as a condition of service activation in the ISG service called “service1”:

policy-map type service service1
 authenticate aaa list mlist

Related Commands

Command

Description

policy-map type service

Creates or modifies a service policy map, which is used to define an ISG subscriber service.

show policy-map type service

Displays the contents of all service policy maps or a specific service policy map.

authentication port

To specify the port on which Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) listens for authentication packets from RADIUS proxy clients, use the authentication port command in RADIUS proxy server configuration or RADIUS proxy client configuration mode. To return to the default setting in which ISG listens for accounting packets on port 1645, use the no form of this command.

authentication port port-number

no authentication port port-number

Syntax Description

port-number

Port on which ISG listens for authentication packets from RADIUS proxy clients. The default is 1645.

Command Default

ISG listens for authentication packets from RADIUS proxy clients on port 1645.

Command Modes

RADIUS proxy server configuration
RADIUS proxy client configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(31)SB2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The authentication port can be specified globally for all RADIUS proxy clients, or it can be specified per client. The per-client configuration of this command overrides the global configuration.

Examples

The following example configures ISG to listen for authentication packets on port 1200 for all RADIUS proxy clients:

aaa server radius proxy
 authentication port 1200

The following example configures ISG to listen for authentication packets on port 1200 for the RADIUS proxy client with the IP address 10.10.10.10 :

aaa server radius proxy
 client 10.10.10.10
  authentication port 1200

Related Commands

Command

Description

aaa server radius proxy

Enables ISG RADIUS proxy configuration mode, in which ISG RADIUS proxy parameters can be configured.

client (ISG RADIUS proxy)

Enters ISG RADIUS proxy client configuration mode, in which client-specific RADIUS proxy parameters can be specified.

authorize identifier

To initiate a request for authorization based on a specified identifier in an Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) control policy, use the authorize identifier command in control policy-map class configuration mode. To remove this action from the control policy map, use the no form of this command.

action-number authorize [ aaa { list-name | list { list-name | default } } [ password password ] ] [ upon network-service-found { continue | stop } ] [ use method authorization-type ] identifier identifier-type [ plus identifier-type ]

no action-number

Syntax Description

action-number

Sequential number of the action within the policy rule.

aaa

(Optional) Indicates that authorization is performed using authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA).

list-name

(Optional) AAA method list to which the authorization request is sent.

default

Indicates that the default AAA method list is used.

password password

(Optional) Specifies the password used for AAA requests.

upon network-service-found continue

(Optional) Specifies that when a network service for the session is identified, actions in the policy rule will continue to be executed. The network service is applied later. This is the default.

upon network-service-found stop

(Optional) Specifies that when a network service for the session is identified, actions in the policy rule will no longer be executed, and the network service is applied.

use method authorization-type

(Optional) Specifies the authorization library to be used. Valid keywords for authorization-type are:

  • aaa --AAA authorization. Default method.
  • legacy --All authorization methods are attempted in the following order: Xconnect, SSG, RM, AAA, SGF.
  • rm --Resource Manager (RM) authorization.
  • sgf --Stack Group Forwarding (SGF) authorization.
  • ssg --Service Selection Gateway (SSG) authorization.
  • xconnect --Internal cross-connect authorization.

identifier-type

Item on which authorization is based. Valid keywords are:

  • authenticated-domain --Authenticated domain name.
  • authenticated-username --Authenticated username.
  • auto-detect --Authorization is performed on the basis of circuit-ID or remote-ID, depending on the identifier provided by the edge device.
  • circuit-id --Circuit ID.
  • ctag-cos--Inner CoS tag associated with the service instance encapsulation.
  • ctag-vlan-id--Specific inner tag (customer-VLAN tag) associated with the service instance encapsulation.
  • dnis --Dialed Number Identification Service number (also referred to as the called-party number).
  • mac-address --MAC address.
  • nas-port --Network access server (NAS) port identifier.
  • payload-etype--Ether type of the payload associated with the service instance encapsulation.
  • peer-ip-address--Peer provider edge (PE) IP address, with tag for backup pseudowires.
  • remote-id --Remote ID.
  • source-ip-address --Source IP address.
  • stag-cos--Outer CoS tag associated with the service instance encapsulation.
  • stag-type--Outer tag type.
  • stag-vlan-id--Outer tag (stacked-VLAN tag) associated with the service instance encapsulation.
  • tunnel-name --Virtual Private Dialup Network (VPDN) tunnel name.
  • unauthenticated-domain --Unauthenticated domain name.
  • unauthenticated-username --Unauthenticated username.
  • vendor-class-id name --Vendor class ID.

plus

(Optional) Separates identifiers if more than one is used for authorization. The circuit ID, remote ID, MAC address, and vendor class ID can be used in any combination.

Command Default

The control policy will not initiate authorization.

Command Modes

Control policy-map class configuration (config-control-policymap-class-control)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRD

The vendor-class-id keyword was added.

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.2

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS XE Release 2.2.

15.1(2)S

This command was modified. The ctag-cos, ctag-vlan-id, stag-cos, stag-type, and stag-vlan-id keywords were added.

Usage Guidelines

The authorize identifier command configures an action in a control policy map. A control policy map is used to configure an ISG control policy, which defines the actions the system takes in response to specified events and conditions.

For sessions triggered by an unrecognized IP address, the MAC address should be used only when the subscriber is one hop away.

The auto-detect keyword allows authorization to be performed on Cisco Catalyst switches with remote-ID:circuit-ID and on DSL Forum switches with circuit-ID only.

Note that if you specify the default method list, the default list will not appear in the output of the show running-config command. For example, if you configure the following command:

Router(config-control-policymap-class-control)# 1 authorize aaa list default password ABC identifier nas-port

The following will be displayed in the output for the show running-config command:

1 authorize aaa password ABC identifier nas-port

Named method lists will be displayed in the show running-config command output.

When ISG automatic subscriber login is configured using the authorize identifier command, the ISG uses specified identifiers instead of the username in authorization requests, thus enabling a user profile to be downloaded from a AAA server as soon as packets are received from a subscriber.

Examples

In the following example, ISG is configured to send a request for authorization based on the source IP address. The system will perform this action at session start when the conditions that are defined in control class “CONDA” are met.

policy-map type control RULEA
 class type control CONDA event session-start
  1 authorize aaa list TAL_LIST password cisco identifier source-ip-address
  2 service-policy type service aaa list LOCAL service redirectprofile

Examples

In the following example, ISG is configured to send a request for authorization based on the source IP address. The system will perform this action at session start when the conditions that are defined in control class “CONDA” are met.

policy-map type control RULEA
 class type control CONDA event session-start
  1 authorize aaa list TAL_LIST password cisco identifier source-ip-address
  2 service-policy type service aaa list LOCAL service redirectprofile

Examples

In the following example, the ISG is configured to get the authorization data from an Accounting, Authentication, and Authorization (AAA) server.

policy-map type control SampleControlPolicyMap2
  class type control always event session-start
   1 authorize identifier stag-vlanid plus ctag-vlanid

Related Commands

Command

Description

class type control

Specifies a control class for which actions may be configured in an ISG control policy map.

policy-map type control

Creates or modifies a control policy map, which defines an ISG control policy.

auth-type (ISG)

To specify the type of authorization Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) will use for RADIUS clients, use the auth-type command in dynamic authorization local server configuration mode. To return to the default authorization type, use the no form of this command.

auth-type { all | any | session-key }

no auth-type

Syntax Description

all

All attributes must match for authorization to be successful. This is the default.

any

Any attribute must match for authorization to be successful.

session-key

The session-key attribute must match for authorization to be successful.

Note   

The only exception is if the session-id attribute is provided in the RADIUS Packet of Disconnect (POD) request, then the session ID is valid.

Command Default

All attributes must match for authorization to be successful.

Command Modes

Dynamic authorization local server configuration (config-locsvr-da-radius)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

An ISG can be configured to allow external policy servers to dynamically send policies to the ISG. This functionality is facilitated by the Change of Authorization (CoA) RADIUS extension. CoA introduced peer to peer capability to RADIUS, enabling ISG and the external policy server each to act as a RADIUS client and server. Use the auth-type command to specify the type of authorization ISG will use for RADIUS clients.

Examples

The following example configures the ISG authorization type:

aaa server radius dynamic-author
 client 10.0.0.1
 auth-type any

Related Commands

Command

Description

aaa server radius dynamic-author

Configures an ISG as a AAA server to facilitate interaction with an external policy server.

available

To create a condition in an Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) control policy that will evaluate true if the specified subscriber identifier is locally available, use the available command in control class-map configuration mode. To remove this condition, use the no form of this command.

available { authen-status | authenticated-domain | authenticated-username | dnis | media | mlp-negotiated | nas-port | no-username | protocol | service-name | source-ip-address | timer | tunnel-name | unauthenticated-domain | unauthenticated-username }

no available { authen-status | authenticated-domain | authenticated-username | dnis | media | mlp-negotiated | nas-port | no-username | protocol | service-name | source-ip-address | timer | tunnel-name | unauthenticated-domain | unauthenticated-username }

Syntax Description

authen-status

Subscriber authentication status.

authenticated-domain

Authenticated domain name.

authenticated-username

Authenticated username.

dnis

Dialed Number Identification Service number (called-party number).

media

Subscriber access media type.

mlp-negotiated

Identifier indicating that the session was established using multilink PPP negotiation.

nas-port

NAS port identifier.

no-username

Identifier indicating that the username is not available.

protocol

Subscriber access protocol type.

service-name

Service name currently associated with user.

source-ip-address

Source IP address.

timer

Policy timer name.

tunnel-name

Virtual Private Dial-Up Network (VPDN) tunnel name.

unauthenticated-domain

Unauthenticated domain name.

unauthenticated-username

Unauthenticated username.

Command Default

A condition that will evaluate true if the specified subscriber identifier is locally available is not created.

Command Modes

Control class-map configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The available command is used to configure a condition within a control class map. A control class map, which is configured with the class-map type control command, specifies conditions that must be met for a control policy to be activated, and, optionally, the event that causes the class to be evaluated. A control class map can contain multiple conditions, each of which will evaluate to either true or false. Match directives can be used to specify whether all, any, or none of the conditions must evaluate true in order for the class as whole to evaluate true.

The class type control command is used to associate a control class map with a policy control map.

Examples

The following example shows a control class map called “class3” configured with three conditions. The match-all keyword indicates that all of the conditions must evaluate true before the class evaluates true. The class type control command associates “class3” with the control policy map called “rule4”.

class-map type control match-all class3
  match access-type pppoe
  match domain cisco.com
  available nas-port-id
!
policy-map type control rule4
  class type control class3
   authorize nas-port-id
!

Related Commands

Command

Description

class-map type control

Creates or modifies an ISG control class map.

class type control

Specifies a control class for which actions may be configured in an ISG control policy map.

policy-map type control

Create or modifies a control policy map, which defines an ISG control policy.

calling-station-id format

To specify the format — MAC address or MSISDN — of the Calling-Station-ID (attribute 31), use the calling-station-id format command in RADIUS proxy server configuration mode or RADIUS proxy client configuration mode. To return to the default format, use the no form of this command.

calling-station-id format { mac-address [ default | ietf | { one-byte | three-byte | two-byte } delimiter { colon | dot | hyphen } | none | unformatted ] [ lower-case | upper-case ] | msisdn }

no calling-station-id format { mac-address | msisdn }

calling-station-id format { mac-address { default | [ lower-case | upper-case ] | ietf [ lower-case | upper-case ] | none | one-byte delimiter | three-byte delimiter | two-byte delimiter { colon [ lower-case | upper-case ] | dot [ lower-case | upper-case ] | hyphen [ lower-case | upper-case ] } | unformatted [ lower-case | upper-case ] } | msisdn }

Syntax Description

mac-address

Specifies the MAC address in Calling-Station-ID (attribute 31).

none

Specifies an unspecified MAC address.

default

Specifies the MAC address in the default format (0000.4096.3e4a). The default is a two-byte format in lower case with dot as the delimiter.

ietf

Specifies the MAC address in the IETF format (00-00-40-96-3E-4A).

unformatted

Specifies an unformatted MAC address (000040963e4a).

one-byte

Specifies the MAC address in a one-byte format (00.00.40.96.3e.4a).

three-byte

Specifies the MAC address in a three-byte format (000040.963e4a).

two-byte

Specifies the MAC address in a two-byte format (0000.4096.3e4a).

delimiter

Specifies the delimiter used in the MAC address. The default is dot.

colon

Specifies colon (:) as the delimiter in the MAC address (00:00:40:96:3e:4a).

dot

Specifies dot (.) as the delimiter in the MAC address (00.00.40.96.3e.4a).

hyphen

Specifies hyphen (-) as the delimiter in the MAC address (00-00-40-96-3e-4a).

lower-case

(Optional) Specifies the alphabets in the MAC address in lower case.

upper-case

(Optional) Specifies the alphabets in the MAC address in upper case.

msisdn

Sets the Mobile Station Integrated Services Digital Network (MSISDN) in attribute 31.

Command Default

The default format of the Calling-station-ID is the MAC address.

Command Modes

RADIUS proxy server configuration (config-locsvr-proxy-radius)

RADIUS proxy client configuration (config-locsvr-radius-client)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(33)SRE

This command was introduced.

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.5

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS XE Release 2.5.

15.0(1)S

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 15.0(1)S.

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.7S

This command was modified. The one-byte, three-byte, two-byte, delimiter, colon, dot, hyphen, lower-case, and upper-case keywords were added.

15.3(01)S

This command was modified. The none keyword was added.

Usage Guidelines

Use the calling-station-id format command to differentiate and identify the Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) subscriber session based on the downstream device type and receive the session values in Calling-Station-ID (attribute 31). In a Public Wireless LAN (PWLAN) environment, attribute 31 is a MAC address and in a Gateway General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) Support Node (GGSN) environment, attribute 31 is a Mobile Station Integrated Services Digital Network (MSISDN).

If a format is not specified for the MAC address using the calling-station-id format command, the default format (0000.4096.3e4a) is automatically configured for the MAC address.

Examples

The following example shows how to configure ISG to specify MSISDN as the calling station ID for a RADIUS proxy server:

Device(config)# aaa new-model
Device(config)# aaa server radius proxy
Device(config-locsvr-proxy-radius)# calling-station-id format msisdn

Related Commands

Command

Description

aaa new-model

Enables the AAA access control model.

aaa server radius proxy

Enables ISG RADIUS proxy configuration mode, in which ISG RADIUS proxy parameters can be configured.

client (ISG RADIUS proxy)

Enters ISG RADIUS proxy client configuration mode, in which client-specific RADIUS proxy parameters can be specified.

client session-identifier

Correlates RADIUS server requests and identifies a session in the ISG RADIUS proxy.

class type control

To specify a control class for which actions may be configured in an Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) control policy, use the class type control command in control policy-map configuration mode. To remove the control class from the control policy map, use the no form of this command.

class type control { control-class-name | always } [ event { access-reject | account-logoff | account-logon | acct-notification | credit-exhausted | dummy-event | quota-depleted | radius-timeout | service-failed | service-start | service-stop | session-default-service | session-restart | session-service-found | session-start | timed-policy-expiry } ]

no class type control { control-class-name | always } [ event { access-reject | account-logoff | account-logon | acct-notification | credit-exhausted | dummy-event | quota-depleted | radius-timeout | service-failed | service-start | service-stop | session-default-service | session-restart | session-service-found | session-start | timed-policy-expiry } ]

Syntax Description

control-class-name

Name of the control class map.

always

Creates a control class that always evaluates true.

event

Causes the control class to be evaluated upon occurrence of a specific event.

access-reject

Event that fails the RADIUS authentication.

account-logoff

Event that occurs upon account logout.

account-logon

Event that occurs upon account login.

acct-notification

Event that occurs upon accounting notification.

credit-exhausted

Event that occurs when the prepaid billing server returns a quota of zero and a prepaid idle timeout greater than zero.

dummy-event

Event that tests suspendable actions.

quota-depleted

Event that occurs when the allocated quota has been used up.

radius-timeout

Event that times out the RADIUS during authentication.

service-failed

Event that occurs when a service fails.

service-start

Event that occurs upon receipt of a request to start a service.

service-stop

Event that occurs upon receipt of a request to stop a service.

session-default-service

Event that occurs when ISG has provided a default service.

session-restart

Event that occurs upon a session restart following the recovery of a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)-initiated IP session.

session-service-found

Event that occurs when a network policy has been determined for the session.

session-start

Event that occurs upon session start.

timed-policy-expiry

Event that occurs when a timed policy expires.

Command Default

A control class is not specified in a control policy map.

Command Modes

Control policy-map configuration (config-control-policymap)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

12.2(31)SB2

This command was modified. The session-restart keyword was added.

12.2(33)SRC

This command was modified. The acct-notification keyword was added.

12.2(33)SB

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SB.

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.2

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS XE Release 2.2.

12.2(33)SRE

This command was modified. The access-reject and radius-timeout keywords were added.

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.5

This command was modified. The access-reject and radius-timeout keywords were added.

Usage Guidelines

A control class map defines the conditions that must be met and events that must occur before a set of actions will be executed. Use the class type control command to associate a control class map with one or more actions in a control policy map. The association of a control class and a set of actions is called a control policy rule.

Using the class type control command with the always keyword creates a control policy rule that will always be treated as the lowest-priority rule in a control policy map.

To create a named control class map, use the class-map type control command.

The session-restart keyword applies to DHCP-initiated IP sessions only.

Using the class type control command with the acct-notification keyword causes the control class to be evaluated upon occurrence of an accounting notification.

Examples

The following example shows the configuration of a class map called “class3”. The class type control command adds “class3” to the control policy map “policy1”. When “class3” evaluates true, the action associated with the class will be executed.

class-map type control match-all class3
  match access-type pppoe
  match domain cisco.com
  available nas-port-id
!
policy-map type control policy1
  class type control class3
   authorize nas-port-id
!
service-policy type control rule4

Related Commands

Command

Description

class-map type control

Creates an ISG control class map.

policy-map type control

Creates or modifies a control policy map, which defines an ISG control policy.

service-policy type control

Applies a control policy to a context.

class type traffic

To associate an Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) traffic class map with a service policy map, use the class type traffic command in service policy-map configuration mode. To remove a traffic class from the service policy map, use the no form of this command.

[priority] class type traffic { class-map-name | default { in-out | input | output } }

no [priority] class type traffic { class-map-name | default { in-out | input | output } }

Syntax Description

priority

(Optional) Specifies the relative priority of the traffic class. Traffic class priority determines the order in which traffic policies are applied to a session. Range is 1 to 1000, where 1 is the highest priority and 1000 is the lowest. Default is 0 (undefined).

class-map-name

Name of a previously configured traffic class map.

default

Specifies the default traffic class.

in-out

Specifies the default traffic class for input and output traffic.

input

Specifies the default traffic class for input traffic.

output

Specifies the default traffic class for output traffic.

Command Default

A traffic class is not specified.

Command Modes

Service policy-map configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Before you can specify a named traffic class map in a service policy map, the traffic class map must be configured using the class-map type traffic command.

The priority of a traffic class determines which class will be used first for a specified match in cases where more than one traffic policy has been activated for a single session. In other words, if a packet matches more than one traffic class, it will be classified to the class with the higher priority. The priority should be specified if packets must match a traffic class based on the order of the service policy.

The default traffic class map is applied if none of the other configured classes matches the traffic. At least one other traffic class must be configured. The default traffic class map is not applied if there are no other traffic classes configured. It cannot be assigned a priority because by default it is the lowest priority class. The default policy of the default traffic class is to pass traffic. You can also configure the default traffic class to drop traffic.

Examples

The following example shows the configuration of the traffic class “UNAUTHORIZED_TRAFFIC”:

class-map type traffic UNAUTHORIZED_TRAFFIC
 match access-group input 100
policy-map type service UNAUTHORIZED_REDIRECT_SVC
 class type traffic UNAUTHORIZED_TRAFFIC
  redirect to ip 10.0.0.148 port 8080

The following example shows the configuration of the default traffic class:

policy-map type service SERVICE1
 class type traffic CLASS1
  prepaid-config PREPAID
 class type traffic default in-out
  drop

Related Commands

Command

Description

class-map type traffic

Creates or modifies a traffic class map, which is used for matching packets to a specified ISG traffic class.

policy-map type service

Creates or modifies a service policy map, which is used to define an ISG subscriber service.

show class-map type traffic

Displays traffic class maps and their matching criteria.

class-map type control

To create an Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) control class map, which defines the conditions under which the actions of a control policy map will be executed, use the class-map type control command in global configuration mode. To remove a control class map, use the no form of this command.

class-map type control [ match-all | match-any | match-none ] class-map-name

no class-map type control [ match-all | match-any | match-none ] class-map-name

Syntax Description

match-all

(Optional) The class map evaluates true if all of the conditions in the class map evaluates true.

match-any

(Optional) The class map evaluates true if any of the conditions in the class map evaluates true.

match-none

(Optional) The class map evaluates true if none of the conditions in the class map evaluates true.

class-map-name

Name of the class map.

Command Default

A control class map is not created.

Command Modes

Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

A control class map specifies conditions that must be met for a control policy to be activated, and, optionally, the event that causes the class to be evaluated. A control class map can contain multiple conditions, each of which will evaluate to either true or false. Use the match-any, match-all, and match-none keywords to specify which, if any, conditions must evaluate true before the control policy will be executed.

A control policy map, which is configured with the policy-map type control command, contains one or more control policy rules. A control policy rule associates a control class map with one or more actions. Use the class type controlcommand to associate a control class map with a control policy map.

Examples

The following example shows how to configure a control policy in which virtual private dial-up network (VPDN) forwarding is applied to anyone dialing in from “xyz.com”:

class-map type control match-all MY-FORWARDED-USERS
 match unauthenticated-domain "xyz.com"
!
policy-map type control MY-POLICY
 class type control MY-FORWARDED-USERS event session-start
  1 apply identifier nas-port
  2 service local
!
interface Dialer1
 service-policy type control MY-POLICY 

Related Commands

Command

Description

class type control

Specifies a control class for which actions may be configured in an ISG control policy map.

policy-map type control

Creates or modifies a control policy map, which defines an ISG control policy.

class-map type traffic

To create or modify a traffic class map, which is used for matching packets to a specified Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) traffic class, use the class-map type traffic command in global configuration mode. To remove a traffic class map, use the no form of this command.

class-map type traffic match-any class-map-name

no class-map type traffic match-any class-map-name

Syntax Description

match-any

Indicates that packets must meet one of the match criteria in order to be considered a member of the class.

class-map-name

Name of the class map.

Command Default

A traffic class map is not created.

Command Modes

Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the class-map type traffic command to create an ISG traffic class map that contains traffic class match criteria. The class-map type traffic command enables traffic class-map configuration mode, in which you can enter match commands to configure the match criteria for this class. Packets are checked against the match criteria configured for a class map to determine if the packet belongs to that traffic class.

ISG traffic classes allow subscriber session traffic to be subclassified so that ISG features can be applied to constituent flows. Traffic policies, which define the handling of data packets, contain a traffic class and one or more features.

After a traffic class map has been defined, use the class type traffic command to associate the traffic class map with a service policy map. A service can contain one traffic class and the default class.

Examples

The following example shows the configuration of a traffic class map called “CLASS-ACL-101”. The class map is defined so that input traffic matching access list 101 will match the class. The traffic class map is then referenced in service policy map “mp3”.

class-map type traffic match-any CLASS-ACL-101
 match access-group input 101
!
policy-map type service mp3
 class type traffic CLASS-ACL-101
  authentication method-list cp-mlist
  accounting method-list cp-mlist
  prepaid conf-prepaid 

Related Commands

Command

Description

class type traffic

Associates a traffic class map with a service policy map.

match access-group (ISG)

Configures the match criteria for a class map on the basis of the specified access control list (ACL).

classname

To associate a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) pool or remote DHCP server with an Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) service policy map, use the classname command in service policy-map configuration mode. To remove this association, use the no form of this command.

classname class-name

no classname class-name

Syntax Description

class-name

Class name associated with a DHCP pool or remote server.

Command Default

An ISG service is not associated with a DHCP pool.

Command Modes

Service policy-map configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

ISG can influence the IP address pool and the DHCP server that are used to assign subscriber IP addresses. To enable ISG to influence the IP addresses assigned to subscribers, you associate a DHCP address pool class with an address domain. The DHCP address pool class must also be configured in a service policy map, service profile, or user profile, which is associated with a subscriber. When a DHCP request is received from a subscriber, DHCP uses the address pool class that is associated with the subscriber to determine which DHCP address pool should be used to service the request. As a result, on a per-request basis, an IP address is provided by the local DHCP server or relayed to a remote DHCP server that is defined in the selected pool.

Examples

In the following example, the DHCP class “blue” is specified in the service “my_service”. When “my_service” is activated, the local DHCP component will provide a new IP address from the pool “blue-pool” because (a) the classes match and (b) the subnet defined in “relay source” corresponds to one of the subnets defined at the interface. Hence the DHCP DISCOVER packet is relayed to the server at address 10.10.2.1, and the local DHCP component acts as a relay.

ip dhcp pool blue-pool
 relay source 10.1.0.0 255.255.0.0
 class blue
  relay destination 10.10.2.1 vrf blue
policy-map type service my_service
 classname blue

Related Commands

Command

Description

policy-map type service

Creates or modifies a service policy map, which is used to define an ISG service.

clear class-map control

To clear the Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) control class map counters, use the clear class-map control command in privileged EXEC mode.

clear class-map control

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

Examples

The following example shows how to clear the control class map counters:

Router# clear class-map control

Related Commands

Command

Description

class-map type control

Creates an ISG control class map.

class type control

Specifies a control class for which actions may be configured in an ISG control policy map.

show class-map type control

Displays information about ISG control class maps.

clear ip subscriber

To disconnect and remove all or specified Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) IP subscriber sessions, use the clear ip subscriber command in privileged EXEC mode.

clear ip subscriber [ interface interface-name | mac mac-address | slot slot-number no-hardware | [ vrf vrf-name ] [ dangling seconds | ip ip-address | statistics ] ]

Syntax Description

interface interface-name

(Optional) Clears IP subscriber sessions associated with the specified interface on the Cisco 7600 series router.

mac mac-address

(Optional) Clears IP subscriber sessions that have the specified MAC address.

slot slot-number no-hardware

(Optional) Clears IP subscriber sessions associated with the specified slot from which a line card is removed on the Cisco 7600 series router.

vrf vrf-name

(Optional) Clears IP subscriber sessions associated with the specified virtual routing and forwarding (VRF) instance.

dangling seconds

(Optional) Clears IP subscriber sessions that have remained unestablished for the specified number of seconds. Range: 1 to 3600.

ip ip-address

(Optional) Clears IP subscriber sessions that have the specified IP address.

statistics

(Optional) Clears statistics for IP subscriber sessions.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC (#)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(31)SB2

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRC

Support was added for this command on Cisco 7600 series routers.

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.2

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS XE Release 2.2.

12.2(33)SRE1

This command was modified. The statistics keyword was added.

Usage Guidelines

A session that has not been fully established within a specified period of time is referred to as a dangling session. The clear ip subscriber command can be used with the dangling keyword to disconnect and remove dangling sessions. The seconds argument allows you to specify how long the session has to remain unestablished before it is considered dangling.

Session Removal: Cisco 7600 Series Routers Only

This command removes only IP sessions (MAC or IP), not IP interface sessions.

The interface and slot no-hardware keywords are available only on Cisco 7600 series routers.

Examples

The following example shows how to clear all dangling sessions that are associated with vrf1:

Router# clear ip subscriber vrf vrf1 dangling 10

Examples

The following example shows how to clear sessions that are associated with Gigabit Ethernet interface 0/1 on a Cisco 7600 series router:

Router# clear ip subscriber interface GigabitEthernet 0/1

The following example shows how to clear sessions that are associated with a line card that was removed from slot 1 on a Cisco 7600 series router:

Router# clear ip subscriber slot 1 no-hardware

Related Commands

Command

Description

show ip subscriber

Displays information about ISG IP subscriber sessions.

clear radius-proxy client

To clear all Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) RADIUS proxy sessions for a specific client, use the clear radius-proxy client command in privileged EXEC mode.

clear radius-proxy client ip-address [ vrf vrf-name ]

Syntax Description

ip-address

IP address of the client device.

vrf vrf-name

(Optional) Virtual routing and forwarding instance (VRF) associated with the client.

Note   

The vrf vrf-name option is not supported in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(31)SB2.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(31)SB2

This command was introduced.

Examples

The following example clears all sessions associated with the RADIUS proxy client that has the IP address 10.10.10.10 and associated is with the VRF “blue”:

clear radius-proxy client 10.10.10.10 vrf blue

Related Commands

Command

Description

clear radius-proxy session

Clears specified ISG RADIUS proxy sessions.

clear radius-proxy session

To clear specific Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) RADIUS proxy sessions, use the clear radius-proxy session command in privileged EXEC mode.

clear radius-proxy session { id radius-proxy-ID | ip ip-address [ vrf vrf-name ] }

Syntax Description

id radius-proxy-ID

ISG RADIUS proxy ID.

ip ip-address

IP address associated with the RADIUS proxy session.

vrf vrf-name

(Optional) Virtual routing and forwarding instance (VRF) associated with the session.

Note   

The vrf vrf-name option is not supported in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(31)SB2.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(31)SB2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The RADIUS proxy session ID can be identified in the output of the show radius-proxy client command.

Examples

The following example shows how to identify the RADIUS proxy session ID by using the show radius-proxy client command:

show radius-proxy client 10.45.45.3
Configuration details for client 10.45.45.3
 Shared secret:     radprxykey           Msg Auth Ignore:   No
 Local auth port:   1111                 Local acct port:   1646
 Acct method list: FWDACCT
Session Summary:
      RP ID       IP Address
   1. 1694498816  unassigned ----> 1694498816 is the session id 

The following example clears the ISG RADIUS proxy session with the ID 1694498816:

clear radius-proxy session id 1694498816

Related Commands

Command

Description

clear radius-proxy client

Clears all ISG RADIUS proxy sessions for a specific client.

show radius-proxy client

Displays information about ISG RADIUS proxy client devices.

clear subscriber policy dpm statistics

To clear the statistics for DHCP policy module (DPM) session contexts, use the clear subscriber policy dpm statistics command in privileged EXEC mode.

clear subscriber policy dpm statistics

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC (#)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(33)SB9

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The clear subscriber policy dpm statistics command resets all DPM event trace counters to zero. To display the cumulative statistics for DPM session contexts, use the show subscriber policy dpm statistics command.

Examples

The following example shows how to clear DPM event trace statistics:

Router# clear subscriber policy dpm statistics

Related Commands

Command

Description

show subscriber policy dpm context

Displays event traces for DPM session contexts.

show subscriber policy dpm statistics

Displays statistics for DPM event traces.

clear subscriber policy peer

To clear the display of the details of a subscriber policy peer connection, use the clear subscriber policy peercommand in privileged EXEC mode.

clear subscriber policy peer { address ip-address | handle connection-handle-id | session | all }

Syntax Description

address

Clears the display of a specific peer connection, identified by its IP address.

ip-address

IP address of the peer connection to be cleared.

handle

Clears the display of a specific peer connection, identified by its handle.

connection-handle-id

Handle ID for the peer connection handle.

session

Clears the display of sessions with the given peer.

all

Clears the display of all peer connections.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC (#)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(33)SRC

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SB

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SB

Usage Guidelines

The clear subscriber policy peer command ends the peering relationship between the Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) device and selected Service Control Engine (SCE) devices. However, the SCE will attempt to reconnect with the ISG device after a configured amount of time. The clear subscriber policy peer command can remove select session associations from a particular SCE device.

Examples

The following example shows how the clear subscriber policy peercommand is used at the router prompt to clear the display of all details of the subscriber policy peer connection.

Router# clear subscriber policy peer all

Related Commands

Command

Description

show subscriber-policy peer

Displays the details of a subscriber policy peer.

subscriber-policy

Defines or modifies the forward and filter decisions of the subscriber policy.

clear subscriber policy peer session

To clear the display of the details of a subscriber policy peer session, use the clear subscriber policy peer sessioncommand in privileged EXEC mode.

clear subscriber policy peer session { guid guid-value | all } [ address ip-address | handle connection-handle-id | all ]

Syntax Description

guid

Clears the display of a specific policy peer session, identified by a globally unique identifier.

guid-value

Globally unique identifier of the peer session to be cleared.

all

Clears the display of all peer sessions.

address

Clears the display of a specific peer session, identified by its IP address.

ip-address

IP address of the peer session to be cleared.

handle

Clears the display of a specific peer session, identified by its handle.

connection-handle-id

Handle ID for the peer session handle.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC (#)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(33)SRC

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SB

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SB.

Usage Guidelines

The clear subscriber policy peer session command ends the peering relationship between the Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) device and selected Service Control Engine (SCE) devices. However, the SCE will attempt to reconnect with the ISG device after a configured amount of time. The clear subscriber policy peer session command can remove select session associations from a particular SCE.

Examples

The following example shows how the clear subscriber policy peer session command is used at the router prompt to clear the display of all the details of a subscriber policy peer session.

Router# clear subscriber policy peer session all

Related Commands

Command

Description

clear subscriber-policy peer

Displays the details of a subscriber policy peer.

show subscriber-policy peer

Displays the details of a subscriber policy peer.

subscriber-policy

Defines or modifies the forward and filter decisions of the subscriber policy.

clear subscriber lite-session

To delete the displayed details of an Intelligent Service Gateway (ISG) subscriber lite session, use the clear subscriber lite-session command in privileged EXEC mode.

clear subscriber lite-session ip ip-address [ vrf vrf-name ]

Syntax Description

ip ip-address

Clears the ISG lite session that is associated with the specified IP address.

vrf vrf-name

(Optional) Clears the ISG lite session that is associated with the specified virtual routing and forwarding (VRF) instance.

Command Default

Information displayed about an ISG subscriber lite session is not cleared.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC (#)

Command History

Release

Modification

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.7S

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

A lite session or walk-by session is a light-weight unauthenticated Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) session. Lite sessions are created on ISG to support walk-by users and optimize resource usage. A dedicated or a regular session is a full-fledged ISG subscriber session created for authenticated users. The clear subscriber lite-session command is used to clear the displayed details of a lite session.

Examples

The following example shows how to clear the lite session associated with IP address 203.0.113.1 and VRF v1. In the example given below, the first show subscriber lite-session command displays information about the lite session associated with IP address 203.0.113.1 and VRF v1. When you use the clear subscriber lite-session ip ip-address vrf vrf-name command, information about the lite session associated with IP address 203.0.113.1 and VRF v1 is cleared. The second show subscriber lite-session command output shows that the information about the lite session associated with IP address 203.0.113.1 and VRF v1 is cleared.

Device# show subscriber lite-session

Total lite sessions up: 1
Src-IP       VRF     Up-time(sec) Interface   PBHK
203.0.113.1   v1       21          Gi0/0/2     192.0.2.1:0

Device# clear subscriber lite-session ip 203.0.113.1 vrf v1
Device# show subscriber lite-session

Total lite sessions up: 0
Src-IP       VRF     Up-time(sec) Interface   PBHK

Related Commands

Command

Description

clear subscriber session

Clears the displayed details of an ISG subscriber default service session.

show subscriber lite-session

Displays information about ISG subscriber lite sessions.

clear subscriber session

To delete the displayed details of an Intelligent Service Gateway (ISG) subscriber service default session, use the clear subscriber session command in privileged EXEC mode.

clear subscriber session { all | identifier | uid unique-id | username username }

Syntax Description

all

Clears all ISG default sessions.

identifier identifier

Clears ISG default sessions that match the specified identifier. Valid keywords and arguments are:

  • authen-status—Displays information for sessions with the specified authentication status.
    • authenticated—Displays information for sessions that have been authenticated.
    • unauthenticated—Displays information for sessions that have not been authenticated.
  • authenticated-domain domain-name—Displays information for sessions with the specified authenticated domain name.
  • authenticated-username username—Displays information for sessions with the specified authenticated username.
  • auto-detect—Displays information for sessions that use auto-detect. (Authorization is performed on the basis of circuit-ID or remote-ID.)
  • dnis number—Displays information for sessions with the specified Dialed Number Identification Service (DNIS) number.
  • mac-address mac-address—Displays information for sessions with the specified MAC address.
  • media type—Displays information for sessions that use the specified type of access media. Valid values for the type argument are:
    • async—Async
    • atm—ATM
    • ether—Ethernet
    • ip—IP
    • isdn—ISDN
    • mpls—Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS)
    • sync—Serial
  • nas-port port-identifier—Displays information for sessions with the specified network access server (NAS) port identifier. Valid keywords and arguments are one or more of the following:
    • adapter adapter-number
    • channel channel-number
    • circuit-id circuit-identifier
    • ipaddr ip-address
    • port port-number
    • remote-id shelf-number
    • shelf shelf-number
    • slot slot number
    • sub-interface sub-interface-number
    • type interface type
    • vci virtual-channel-identifier
    • vendor-class-id vendor-class-identifier
    • vlan virtual-lan-id
    • vpi virtual-path-identifier
  • protocol—Displays information for sessions that use the specified type of access protocol. Valid values for the type argument are:
    • atom—Any Transport over MPLS (ATOM) access protocol.
    • ether—Ethernet access protocol.
    • ip—IP access protocol.
    • pdsn—Packet Data Serving Node (PDSN) access protocol.
    • ppp—Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) access protocol.
    • vpdn—Virtual Private Dialup Network (VPDN) access protocol.
  • source-ip-address ip-address subnet-mask—Displays information for sessions associated with the specified source IP address.
  • timer timer-name—Displays information for sessions that use the specified timer.
  • tunnel-name tunnel-name—Displays information for sessions associated with the specified VPDN tunnel.
  • unauthenticated-domain domain-name—Displays information for sessions with the specified unauthenticated domain name.
  • unauthenticated-username username—Displays information for sessions with the specified unauthenticated username.
  • vrf vrf-name—Displays information for sessions with the specified virtual routing and forwarding (VRF) identifier.

uid unique-id

Clears the ISG default session that matches the specified unique ID.

username username

Clears the ISG default session that matches the specified username.

Command Default

Information displayed about an ISG subscriber default session is not cleared.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC (#)

Command History

Release

Modification

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.7S

This command was introduced.

Examples

The following example shows how to clear a default session with unique ID 19. The fields in the show subscriber default-session output are self-explanatory.

In the example given below, the first show subscriber default-session command displays information about the default session with unique ID 19. When you use the clear subscriber session uid command, information about the default session with unique ID 19 is cleared.

The second show subscriber default-session command output shows that the information about the default session with unique ID 19 is cleared and a new default session with unique ID 20 is displayed.

Device# show subscriber default-session

UID     Lite-sessions  Interface
19      0              GigabitEthernet0/0/4

Device# clear subscriber session uid 19
Device# show subscriber default-session

UID     Lite-sessions  Interface
20      0              GigabitEthernet0/0/4

Related Commands

Command

Description

clear subscriber lite-session

Clears the displayed details of an ISG subscriber lite session.

show subscriber default-session

Displays information about ISG subscriber default sessions.

clear subscriber trace history

To clear the event trace history logs for Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) subscriber sessions, use the clear subscriber trace historycommand in privileged EXEC mode.

clear subscriber trace history { dpm | pm }

Syntax Description

dpm

Clears DHCP policy module (DPM) trace history.

pm

Clears policy manager (PM) trace history.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC (#)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(33)SB9

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The clear subscriber trace historycommand deletes all event traces that are stored in the specified module’s history log. This command also clears the current records counter and current log size counter for the show subscriber trace statistics command.

Examples

The following example shows how to clear the trace history for the DPM.

Router# clear subscriber trace history dpm

Related Commands

Command

Description

show subscriber trace history

Displays the event traces for ISG subscriber sessions that are saved in the trace history log.

show subscriber trace statistics

Displays statistics about the event traces for ISG subscriber sessions that were saved to the history log.

subscriber trace event

Enables event tracing for software modules involved in ISG subscriber sessions.

subscriber trace history

Enables saving the event traces for ISG subscriber sessions to the history log.

client

To specify a RADIUS client from which a device will accept Change of Authorization (CoA) and disconnect requests, use the client command in dynamic authorization local server configuration mode. To remove this specification, use the no form of this command.

client { name | ip-address } [ key [ 0 | 7 ] word ] [ vrf vrf-id ]

no client { name | ip-address } [ key [ 0 | 7 ] word ] [ vrf vrf-id ]

Syntax Description

name

Hostname of the RADIUS client.

ip-address

IP address of the RADIUS client.

key

(Optional) Configures the RADIUS key to be shared between a device and a RADIUS client.

0

(Optional) Specifies that an unencrypted key will follow.

7

(Optional) Specifies that a hidden key will follow.

word

(Optional) Unencrypted server key.

vrf vrf-id

(Optional) Virtual Routing and Forwarding (VRF) ID of the client.

Command Default

CoA and disconnect requests are dropped.

Command Modes

Dynamic authorization local server configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.6

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS XE Release 2.6.

Usage Guidelines

A device (such as a router) can be configured to allow an external policy server to dynamically send updates to the router. This functionality is facilitated by the CoA RADIUS extension. CoA introduced peer-to-peer capability to RADIUS, enabling a router and external policy server each to act as a RADIUS client and server. Use the client command to specify the RADIUS clients for which the router will act as server.

Examples

The following example configures the router to accept requests from the RADIUS client at IP address 10.0.0.1:

aaa server radius dynamic-author
 client 10.0.0.1 key cisco 

Related Commands

Command

Description

aaa server radius dynamic-author

Configures an ISG as a AAA server to facilitate interaction with an external policy server.

client (ISG RADIUS proxy)

To enter RADIUS proxy client configuration mode, in which client-specific RADIUS proxy parameters can be specified, use the client command in RADIUS proxy server configuration mode. To remove the RADIUS proxy client and configuration, use the no form of this command.

client { ip-address | hostname } [subnet-mask] [ vrf vrf-name ]

no client { ip-address | hostname } [subnet-mask] [ vrf vrf-name ]

Syntax Description

ip-address

IP address of the RADIUS proxy client.

hostname

Hostname of the RADIUS proxy client.

subnet-mask

(Optional) Subnet in which client resides.

vrf vrf-name

(Optional) Virtual routing and forwarding instance (VRF) associated with the session.

Note   

The vrf vrf-name option is not supported in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(31)SB2.

Command Default

The global RADIUS proxy server configuration is used.

Command Modes

RADIUS proxy server configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(31)SB2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the client command in RADIUS proxy server configuration mode to specify a client for which RADIUS proxy parameters can be configured. Client-specific RADIUS proxy configurations take precedence over the global RADIUS proxy server configuration.

In cases where Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) is acting as a proxy for more than one client device, all of which reside on the same subnet, client-specific parameters may be configured using a subnet definition rather than a discrete IP address for each device. This configuration method results in the sharing of a single configuration by all the client devices on the subnet. ISG is able to differentiate traffic from these devices based on the source and NAS IP address of RADIUS packets. To configure a client subnet, use the client command with the subnet-mask argument.

Examples

The following example shows the configuration of global RADIUS proxy parameters and client-specific parameters for two RADIUS proxy clients. Client 10.1.1.1 is configured to listen for accounting packets on port 1813 and authentication packets on port 1812. Because a shared secret is not configured specifically for client 10.1.1.1, it will inherit the shared secret specification, which is “cisco”, from the global RADIUS proxy configuration. Client 10.2.2.2 will use “systems” as the shared secret and will use the default ports for listening for accounting and authentication packets.

aaa server radius proxy
 key cisco
 client 10.1.1.1
  accounting port 1813
  authentication port 1812
!
 client 10.2.2.2
  key systems
!

Related Commands

Command

Description

aaa server radius proxy

Enables ISG RADIUS proxy configuration mode, in which ISG RADIUS proxy parameters can be configured.

collect identifier

To enable a control policy map to collect subscriber identifiers, use the collect identifiercommand in control policy-map class configuration mode. To disable a control policy from collecting subscriber identifiers, use the no form of this command.

action-number collect [ aaa list list-name ] identifier { authen-status | authenticated-domain | authenticated-username | dnis | mac-address | media | mlp-negotiated | nas-port | no-username | protocol | service-name | source-ip-address | timer | tunnel-name | unauthenticated-domain | unauthenticated-username }

no action-number collect [ aaa list list-name ] identifier { authen-status | authenticated-domain | authenticated-username | dnis | media | mlp-negotiated | nas-port | no-username | protocol | service-name | source-ip-address | timer | tunnel-name | unauthenticated-domain | unauthenticated-username }

Syntax Description

action-number

Number of the action. Actions are executed sequentially within the policy rule.

aaa

(Optional) Specifies that authentication will be performed using an authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA) method list.

list list-name

(Optional) Specifies the AAA method list to which the authentication request will be sent.

authen-status

Specifies the subscriber authentication status.

authenticated-domain

Specifies the authenticated domain name.

authenticated-username

Specifies the authenticated username.

dnis

Specifies the Dialed Number Identification Service (DNIS) number (also referred to as the called-party number).

media

Specifies the subscriber access media type.

mac-address

Specifies the MAC address to be used as an identity for Layer 3 IP sessions.

mlp-negotiated

Specifies the value indicating that the subscriber session was established using multilink PPP negotiation.

nas-port

Specifies the network access server (NAS) port identifier.

no-username

Specifies that the username is not available.

protocol

Specifies the subscriber access protocol type.

service-name

Specifies the service name currently associated with the user.

source-ip-address

Specifies the source IP address.

timer

Specifies the timer name.

tunnel-name

Specifies the Virtual Private Dialup Network (VPDN) tunnel name.

unauthenticated-domain

Specifies the unauthenticated domain name.

unauthenticated-username

Specifies the unauthenticated username.

Command Default

Control policies do not collect subscriber identifiers.

Command Modes

Control policy-map class configuration (config-control-policymap-class-control)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRE

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRE. The mac-address keyword was added.

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.5

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS XE Release 2.5.

Usage Guidelines

The collect identifiercommand configures an action in a control policy map.

Control policies define the actions the system will take in response to specified events and conditions. A control policy map is used to configure an Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) control policy. A control policy is made of one or more control policy rules. A control policy rule is an association of a control class and one or more actions. The control class defines the conditions that must be met before the actions will be executed. The actions are numbered and executed sequentially within the policy rule.

Note that if you specify the default method list, the default list will not appear in the output of the show running-config command. For example, if you configure the following command:

Router(config-control-policymap-class-control)# 1 collect aaa list default 

The following will display in the output for the show running-config command:

1 collect 

Named method lists will display in the show running-config command output.

Examples

The following example shows how to configure ISG to collect a subscriber’s authentication status at session start:

Router(config)# policy-map type control policy1
Router(config-control-policymap)# class type control always event session-start
Router(config-control-policymap-class-control)# 1 collect identifier authen-status

Related Commands

Command

Description

class type control

Specifies a control class for which actions may be configured in an ISG control policy map.

policy-map type control

Creates or modifies a control policy map, which defines an ISG control policy.

debug ip subscriber

To enable Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) IP subscriber session debugging, use the debug ip subscriber command in privileged EXEC mode. To disable debugging, use the no form of this command.

debug ip subscriber { all | error | event | fsm | packet }

no debug ip subscriber { all | error | event | fsm | packet }

Syntax Description

all

Displays all debugging messages related to IP subscriber sessions.

error

Displays debugging messages about IP subscriber session errors.

event

Displays debugging messages about IP subscriber session events.

fsm

Displays debugging messages related to session state changes for IP subscriber sessions.

packet

Displays debugging messages related to IP subscriber session packets.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(31)SB2

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRC

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRC.

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.2

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS XE Release 2.2.

Examples

The following example show sample output for the debug ip subscriber command:

Router# debug ip subscriber packet
Packet debugs:
1d07h: IPSUB_DP: [Et0/0:I:CEF:0000.0000.0002] Rx driver forwarded packet via les, return code = 0
1d07h: IPSUB_DP: [Et0/0:I:PROC:0000.0000.0002] Packet classified, results = 0x18
1d07h: IPSUB_DP: [ms1:I:PROC:0000.0000.0002] Rx driver forwarded the packet
1d07h: IPSUB_DP: [ms1:I:PROC:0000.0000.0002] Packet classified, results = 0x42
1d07h: IPSUB_DP: [ms1:O:PROC:RED:50.0.0.3] Packet classified, results = 0x14
Router#
1d07h: IPSUB_DP: [ms1:O:PROC:RED:50.0.0.3] Subscriber features executed, return code = 0
1d07h: IPSUB_DP: [ms1:O:PROC:RED:50.0.0.3] Tx driver forwarding the packet
1d07h: IPSUB_DP: [Et0/0:O:PROC:RED:50.0.0.3] Packet classified, results = 0x14

Related Commands

Command

Description

show ip subscriber

Displays information about ISG IP subscriber sessions.

debug radius-proxy

To display debugging messages for Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) RADIUS proxy functionality, use the debug radius-proxycommand in privileged EXEC mode. To disable debugging, use the no form of this command.

debug radius-proxy { events | errors }

no debug radius-proxy { events | errors }

Syntax Description

events

Displays debug messages related to ISG RADIUS proxy events.

errors

Displays debug messages related to ISG RADIUS proxy errors.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(31)SB2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

See the following caution before using debug commands.


Caution


Because debugging output is assigned high priority in the CPU process, it can render the system unusable. For this reason, only use debug commands to troubleshoot specific problems or during troubleshooting sessions with Cisco technical support staff. Moreover, it is best to use debug commands during periods of lower network flows and fewer users.


Examples

The following example shows output for the debug radius-proxy command with the events keyword:

Router# debug radius-proxy events
*Nov  7 07:53:11.411: RP-EVENT: Parse Request: Username = 12345679@cisco
*Nov  7 07:53:11.411: RP-EVENT: Parse Request: Caller ID = 12345679@cisco
*Nov  7 07:53:11.411: RP-EVENT: Parse Request: NAS id = localhost
*Nov  7 07:53:11.411: RP-EVENT: Found matching context for user Caller ID:12345679@cisco  Name:aa
*Nov  7 07:53:11.411: RP-EVENT: Received event client Access-Request in state activated
*Nov  7 07:53:11.411: RP-EVENT: User Caller ID:12345679@cisco  Name:12 re-authenticating
*Nov  7 07:53:11.411: RP-EVENT: Forwarding Request to method list (handle=1979711512)
*Nov  7 07:53:11.411: RP-EVENT: Sending request to server group EAP
*Nov  7 07:53:11.411: RP-EVENT: State changed activated --> wait for Access-Response

debug sgi

To debug Service Gateway Interface (SGI), use the debug sgi command in privileged EXEC mode. To disable debugging, use the no form of this command.

debug sgi [ error | info | xml | gsi | isg-api | all ]

no debug sgi

Syntax Description

error

Enables debugging at the error level, where all internal error messages are displayed.

info

Enables debugging at the informational level, where processing and progress information is displayed.

xml

Enables debugging at Extensible Markup Language (XML) parsing level.

gsi

Enables debugging for the Generic Service Interface (GSI) module.

isg-api

Enables debugging for the SGI Policy Manager interface operations.

all

Enables all debugging options.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC (#)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(33)SRC

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The xml keyword turns on debugging for the Cisco Networking Services (CNS) XML parser and provides additional XML parsing debugging for SGI.

Examples

The following example shows all debugging options enabled and shows the output that is received when a message is sent.

Router# debug sgi all
Router# show debug
SGI:
SGI All debugging is on
SGI Errors debugging is on
SGI XML debugging is on
SGI Informational debugging is on
SGI Generic Service Interface debugging is on
SGI ISG_API Events debugging is on
SGI ISG_API Errors debugging is on
Router#
Router#
*Jul 1 20:55:11.364: SGI: Session created, session Id 7
*Jul 1 20:55:11.372: sgi beep listen app beep[0x66245188]: frame_available: type=M number=1 answer=-1 more=* size=1400
*Jul 1 20:55:11.372: sgi beep listen app beep[0x66245188]: Content-Type: application/xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
...
*Jul 1 20:55:11.372: sgi beep listen app beep[0x66245188]: frame_available: type=M number=1 answer=-1 more=. size=111
*Jul 1 20:55:11.372: sgi beep listen app beep[0x66245188]: gitypes:policyGroup>
</objects>
</sgiops:insertPolicyObjectsRequest>
...
*Jul 1 20:55:11.372: SGI: GSI message received, msgid 1, session 7
*Jul 1 20:55:11.376: SGI: XML parsed successfully, request insertPolicyObjectsRequest, msgid 1
*Jul 1 20:55:11.376: SGI: authentication request sent to AAA
*Jul 1 20:55:11.376: SGI: req = [0x67454088] authentication succeeded
*Jul 1 20:55:11.376: SGI: Processing insertPolicyObjectsRequest
*Jul 1 20:55:11.376: SGI: insertPolicyObjectsRequest processing policyGroup:VPDN1, type 1, result: 0
*Jul 1 20:55:11.376: SGI: Processing insertPolicyObjectsResponse
*Jul 1 20:55:11.376: SGI: GSI message sent, msgid 1, session 7
*Jul 1 20:55:12.088: sgi beep listen app beep[0x66245188]: close confirmation: status=+ no error origin=L scope=C
*Jul 1 20:55:12.088: SGI: Session terminating, session Id 7
Router#

Related Commands

Command

Description

sgi beep listener

Enables SGI.

show sgi

Displays information about current SGI sessions or statistics.

text sgi xml

Allows onboard testing of SGI XML files when an external client is not available.

debug ssm

To display diagnostic information about the Segment Switching Manager (SSM) for switched Layer 2 segments, use the debug ssm command in privileged EXEC mode. To disable debugging, use the no form of this command.

debug ssm { cm errors | cm events | fhm errors | fhm events | sm errors | sm events | sm counters | xdr }

no debug ssm { cm errors | cm events | fhm errors | fhm events | sm errors | sm events | sm counters | xdr }

Syntax Description

cm errors

Displays Connection Manager (CM) errors.

cm events

Displays CM events.

fhm errors

Displays Feature Handler Manager (FHM) errors.

fhm events

Displays FHM events.

sm errors

Displays Segment Handler Manager (SM) errors.

sm events

Displays SM events.

sm counters

Displays SM counters.

xdr

Displays external data representation (XDR) messages related to traffic sent across the backplane between Router Processors and line cards.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

12.0(26)S

This command was introduced.

12.2(25)S

This command was integrated to Cisco IOS Release 12.2(25)S.

12.2(28)SB

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(28)SB.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.4(11)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.4(11)T.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH.

Usage Guidelines

The SSM manages the data-plane component of the Layer 2 Virtual Private Network (L2VPN) configuration. The CM tracks the connection-level errors and events that occur on an xconnect. The SM tracks the per-segment events and errors on the xconnect.

Use the debug ssm command to troubleshoot problems in bringing up the data plane.

This command is generally used only by Cisco engineers for internal debugging of SSM processes.

Examples

The following example shows sample output for the debug ssm xdr command:

Router# debug ssm xdr
 
SSM xdr debugging is on
2w5d: SSM XDR: [4096] deallocate segment, len 16
2w5d: SSM XDR: [8193] deallocate segment, len 16
2w5d: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface FastEthernet2/1, changed state to down
2w5d: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface FastEthernet2/1, changed state to up
2w5d: SSM XDR: [4102] provision segment, switch 4101, len 106
2w5d: SSM XDR: [4102] update segment status, len 17
2w5d: SSM XDR: [8199] provision segment, switch 4101, len 206
2w5d: SSM XDR: [4102] update segment status, len 17
2w5d: %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console
2w5d: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface FastEthernet2/1, changed state to down
2w5d: SSM XDR: [4102] update segment status, len 17
2w5d: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface FastEthernet2/1, changed state to up
2w5d: SSM XDR: [4102] deallocate segment, len 16
2w5d: SSM XDR: [8199] deallocate segment, len 16
2w5d: SSM XDR: [4104] provision segment, switch 4102, len 106
2w5d: SSM XDR: [4104] update segment status, len 17
2w5d: SSM XDR: [8201] provision segment, switch 4102, len 206
2w5d: SSM XDR: [4104] update segment status, len 17
2w5d: SSM XDR: [4104] update segment status, len 17
2w5d: %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console

The following example shows the events that occur on the segment manager when an Any Transport over MPLS (AToM) virtual circuit (VC) configured for Ethernet over MPLS is shut down and then enabled:

Router# debug ssm sm events
 
SSM Connection Manager events debugging is on
Router(config)# interface fastethernet 0/1/0.1
 
Router(config-subif)# shutdown
 
09:13:38.159: SSM SM: [SSS:AToM:36928] event Unprovison segment 
09:13:38.159: SSM SM: [SSS:Ethernet Vlan:4146] event Unbind segment 
09:13:38.159: SSM SM: [SSS:AToM:36928] free segment class 
09:13:38.159: SSM SM: [SSS:AToM:36928] free segment 
09:13:38.159: SSM SM: [SSS:AToM:36928] event Free segment 
09:13:38.159: SSM SM: last segment class freed 
09:13:38.159: SSM SM: [SSS:Ethernet Vlan:4146] segment ready 
09:13:38.159: SSM SM: [SSS:Ethernet Vlan:4146] event Found segment data 
Router(config-subif)# no shutdown
 
09:13:45.815: SSM SM: [SSS:AToM:36929] event Provison segment 
09:13:45.815: label_oce_get_label_bundle: flags 14 label 16 
09:13:45.815: SSM SM: [SSS:AToM:36929] segment ready 
09:13:45.815: SSM SM: [SSS:AToM:36929] event Found segment data 
09:13:45.815: SSM SM: [SSS:AToM:36929] event Bind segment 
09:13:45.815: SSM SM: [SSS:Ethernet Vlan:4146] event Bind segment 

The following example shows the events that occur on the CM when an AToM VC configured for Ethernet over MPLS is shut down and then enabled:

Router(config)# interface fastethernet 0/1/0.1
 
Router(config-subif)# shutdown
 
09:17:20.179: SSM CM: [AToM] unprovision segment, id 36929 
09:17:20.179: SSM CM: CM FSM: state Open - event Free segment 
09:17:20.179: SSM CM: [SSS:AToM:36929] unprovision segment 1 
09:17:20.179: SSM CM: [SSS:AToM] shQ request send unprovision complete event 
09:17:20.179: SSM CM: [SSS:Ethernet Vlan:4146] unbind segment 2 
09:17:20.179: SSM CM: [SSS:Ethernet Vlan] shQ request send ready event 
09:17:20.179: SSM CM: SM msg event send unprovision complete event 
09:17:20.179: SSM CM: SM msg event send ready event 
Router(config-subif)# no shutdown 
09:17:35.879: SSM CM: Query AToM to Ethernet Vlan switching, enabled 
09:17:35.879: SSM CM: [AToM] provision second segment, id 36930 
09:17:35.879: SSM CM: CM FSM: state Down - event Provision segment 
09:17:35.879: SSM CM: [SSS:AToM:36930] provision segment 2 
09:17:35.879: SSM CM: [AToM] send client event 6, id 36930 
09:17:35.879: SSM CM: [SSS:AToM] shQ request send ready event 
09:17:35.883: SSM CM: SM msg event send ready event 
09:17:35.883: SSM CM: [AToM] send client event 3, id 36930 

The following example shows the events that occur on the CM and SM when an AToM VC is provisioned and then unprovisioned:

Router# debug ssm cm events
 
SSM Connection Manager events debugging is on
Router# debug ssm sm events 
SSM Segment Manager events debugging is on
Router# configure terminal 
Router(config)# interface ethernet1/0
 
Router(config-if)# xconnect 10.55.55.2 101 pw-class mpls 
16:57:34: SSM CM: provision switch event, switch id 86040
16:57:34: SSM CM: [Ethernet] provision first segment, id 12313
16:57:34: SSM CM: CM FSM: state Idle - event Provision segment
16:57:34: SSM CM: [SSS:Ethernet:12313] provision segment 1
16:57:34: SSM SM: [SSS:Ethernet:12313] event Provison segment
16:57:34: SSM CM: [SSS:Ethernet] shQ request send ready event
16:57:34: SSM CM: SM msg event send ready event
16:57:34: SSM SM: [SSS:Ethernet:12313] segment ready
16:57:34: SSM SM: [SSS:Ethernet:12313] event Found segment data
16:57:34: SSM CM: Query AToM to Ethernet switching, enabled
16:57:34: SSM CM: [AToM] provision second segment, id 16410
16:57:34: SSM CM: CM FSM: state Down - event Provision segment
16:57:34: SSM CM: [SSS:AToM:16410] provision segment 2
16:57:34: SSM SM: [SSS:AToM:16410] event Provison segment
16:57:34: SSM CM: [AToM] send client event 6, id 16410
16:57:34: label_oce_get_label_bundle: flags 14 label 19
16:57:34: SSM CM: [SSS:AToM] shQ request send ready event
16:57:34: SSM CM: SM msg event send ready event
16:57:34: SSM SM: [SSS:AToM:16410] segment ready
16:57:34: SSM SM: [SSS:AToM:16410] event Found segment data
16:57:34: SSM SM: [SSS:AToM:16410] event Bind segment
16:57:34: SSM SM: [SSS:Ethernet:12313] event Bind segment
16:57:34: SSM CM: [AToM] send client event 3, id 16410
Router# configure terminal
 
Router(config)# interface e1/0 
Router(config-if)# no xconnect
 
16:57:26: SSM CM: [Ethernet] unprovision segment, id 16387
16:57:26: SSM CM: CM FSM: state Open - event Free segment
16:57:26: SSM CM: [SSS:Ethernet:16387] unprovision segment 1
16:57:26: SSM SM: [SSS:Ethernet:16387] event Unprovison segment
16:57:26: SSM CM: [SSS:Ethernet] shQ request send unprovision complete event
16:57:26: SSM CM: [SSS:AToM:86036] unbind segment 2
16:57:26: SSM SM: [SSS:AToM:86036] event Unbind segment
16:57:26: SSM CM: SM msg event send unprovision complete event
16:57:26: SSM SM: [SSS:Ethernet:16387] free segment class
16:57:26: SSM SM: [SSS:Ethernet:16387] free segment
16:57:26: SSM SM: [SSS:Ethernet:16387] event Free segment
16:57:26: SSM SM: last segment class freed
16:57:26: SSM CM: unprovision switch event, switch id 12290
16:57:26: SSM CM: [SSS:AToM] shQ request send unready event
16:57:26: SSM CM: SM msg event send unready event
16:57:26: SSM SM: [SSS:AToM:86036] event Unbind segment
16:57:26: SSM CM: [AToM] unprovision segment, id 86036
16:57:26: SSM CM: CM FSM: state Down - event Free segment
16:57:26: SSM CM: [SSS:AToM:86036] unprovision segment 2
16:57:26: SSM SM: [SSS:AToM:86036] event Unprovison segment
16:57:26: SSM CM: [SSS:AToM] shQ request send unprovision complete event
16:57:26: SSM CM: SM msg event send unprovision complete event
16:57:26: SSM SM: [SSS:AToM:86036] free segment class
16:57:26: SSM SM: [SSS:AToM:86036] free segment
16:57:26: SSM SM: [SSS:AToM:86036] event Free segment
16:57:26: SSM SM: last segment class freed

Related Commands

Command

Description

show ssm

Displays SSM information for switched Layer 2 segments.

debug subscriber aaa authorization

To display diagnostic information about authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA) authorization of Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) subscriber sessions, use the debug subscriber aaa authorizationcommand in privileged EXEC mode. To disable debugging output, use the no form of this command.

debug subscriber aaa authorization { event | fsm }

no debug sss aaa authorization { event | fsm }

Syntax Description

event

Display information about AAA authorization events that occur during ISG session establishment.

fsm

Display information about AAA authorization state changes for ISG subscriber sessions.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

Examples

The following is sample output of several debug subscribercommands, including the debug subscriber aaa authorizationcommand. The reports from these commands should be sent to technical personnel at Cisco Systems for evaluation.

Router# debug subscriber event
Router# debug subscriber error
Router# debug subscriber state
Router# debug subscriber aaa authorization event
Router# debug subscriber aaa authorization fsm
SSS:
  SSS events debugging is on
  SSS error debugging is on
  SSS fsm debugging is on
  SSS AAA authorization event debugging is on
  SSS AAA authorization FSM debugging is on
*Mar  4 21:33:18.248: SSS INFO: Element type is Access-Type, long value is 3
*Mar  4 21:33:18.248: SSS INFO: Element type is Switch-Id, long value is -1509949436
*Mar  4 21:33:18.248: SSS INFO: Element type is Nasport, ptr value is 6396882C
*Mar  4 21:33:18.248: SSS INFO: Element type is AAA-Id, long value is 7
*Mar  4 21:33:18.248: SSS INFO: Element type is AAA-ACCT_ENBL, long value is 1
*Mar  4 21:33:18.248: SSS INFO: Element type is AccIe-Hdl, ptr value is 78000006
*Mar  4 21:33:18.248: SSS MGR [uid:7]: Event service-request, state changed from wait-for-req to wait-for-auth
*Mar  4 21:33:18.248: SSS MGR [uid:7]: Handling Policy Authorize (1 pending sessions)
*Mar  4 21:33:18.248: SSS PM [uid:7]: Need the following key: Unauth-User
*Mar  4 21:33:18.248: SSS PM [uid:7]: Received Service Request
*Mar  4 21:33:18.248: SSS PM [uid:7]: Event <need keys>, State: initial-req to need-init-keys
*Mar  4 21:33:18.248: SSS PM [uid:7]: Policy reply - Need more keys
*Mar  4 21:33:18.248: SSS MGR [uid:7]: Got reply Need-More-Keys from PM
*Mar  4 21:33:18.248: SSS MGR [uid:7]: Event policy-or-mgr-more-keys, state changed from wait-for-auth to wait-for-req
*Mar  4 21:33:18.248: SSS MGR [uid:7]: Handling More-Keys event
*Mar  4 21:33:20.256: SSS INFO: Element type is Unauth-User, string value is nobody2@xyz.com
*Mar  4 21:33:20.256: SSS INFO: Element type is AccIe-Hdl, ptr value is 78000006
*Mar  4 21:33:20.256: SSS INFO: Element type is AAA-Id, long value is 7
*Mar  4 21:33:20.256: SSS INFO: Element type is Access-Type, long value is 0
*Mar  4 21:33:20.256: SSS MGR [uid:7]: Event service-request, state changed from wait-for-req to wait-for-auth
*Mar  4 21:33:20.256: SSS MGR [uid:7]: Handling Policy Authorize (1 pending sessions)
*Mar  4 21:33:20.256: SSS PM [uid:7]: Received More Initial Keys
*Mar  4 21:33:20.256: SSS PM [uid:7]: Event <rcvd keys>, State: need-init-keys to check-auth-needed
*Mar  4 21:33:20.256: SSS PM [uid:7]: Handling Authorization Check
*Mar  4 21:33:20.256: SSS PM [uid:7]: Event <send auth>, State: check-auth-needed to authorizing
*Mar  4 21:33:20.256: SSS PM [uid:7]: Handling AAA service Authorization
*Mar  4 21:33:20.256: SSS PM [uid:7]: Sending authorization request for 'xyz.com'
*Mar  4 21:33:20.256: SSS AAA AUTHOR [uid:7]:Event <make request>, state changed from idle to authorizing
*Mar  4 21:33:20.256: SSS AAA AUTHOR [uid:7]:Authorizing key xyz.com
*Mar  4 21:33:20.260: SSS AAA AUTHOR [uid:7]:AAA request sent for key xyz.com
*Mar  4 21:33:20.260: SSS AAA AUTHOR [uid:7]:Received an AAA pass
*Mar  4 21:33:20.260: SSS AAA AUTHOR [uid:7]:Event <found service>, state changed from authorizing to complete
*Mar  4 21:33:20.260: SSS AAA AUTHOR [uid:7]:Found service info for key xyz.com
*Mar  4 21:33:20.260: SSS AAA AUTHOR [uid:7]:Event <free request>, state changed from complete to terminal
*Mar  4 21:33:20.260: SSS AAA AUTHOR [uid:7]:Free request
*Mar  4 21:33:20.264: SSS PM [uid:7]: Event <found>, State: authorizing to end
*Mar  4 21:33:20.264: SSS PM [uid:7]: Handling Service Direction
*Mar  4 21:33:20.264: SSS PM [uid:7]: Policy reply - Forwarding
*Mar  4 21:33:20.264: SSS MGR [uid:7]: Got reply Forwarding from PM
*Mar  4 21:33:20.264: SSS MGR [uid:7]: Event policy-start-service-fsp, state changed from wait-for-auth to wait-for-service
*Mar  4 21:33:20.264: SSS MGR [uid:7]: Handling Connect-Forwarding-Service event
*Mar  4 21:33:20.272: SSS MGR [uid:7]: Event service-fsp-connected, state changed from wait-for-service to connected
*Mar  4 21:33:20.272: SSS MGR [uid:7]: Handling Forwarding-Service-Connected event

Related Commands

Command

Description

debug sss error

Displays diagnostic information about errors that may occur during Subscriber Service Switch call setup.

debug sss event

Displays diagnostic information about Subscriber Service Switch call setup events.

debug sss fsm

Displays diagnostic information about the Subscriber Service Switch call setup state.

debug subscriber classifier

To display debugging information about the Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) classifier module, use the debug subscriber classifier command in privileged EXEC mode. To disable debugging of the classifier, use the no form of this command.

debug subscriber classifier { all | error | event | fsm | ha | packet }

no debug subscriber classifier { all | error | event | fsm | ha | packet }

Syntax Description

all

Displays all debugging messages related to the ISG classifier.

error

Displays messages about any errors that occur.

event

Displays messages about events that occur.

fsm

Displays messages related to session state changes for the ISG classifier.

ha

Displays messages related to high availability.

packet

Displays information about classifier packets.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC (#)

Command History

Release

Modification

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.5S

This command was introduced.

Examples

The following is sample output from the debug subscriber classifier command:

*Nov 24 05:05:01.218: %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console
*Nov 24 05:23:58.760: IC_DP: [Dir:N] IC DP debug flags updated
*Nov 24 05:24:03.650: IC: [uid:1]Event associate, state changed from idle to associated
*Nov 24 05:24:03.650: IC: [uid:1]Associate class successful: class id: 0x0 dir 1
*Nov 24 05:24:03.650: IC: [uid:1]Event associate, state changed from associated to associated
*Nov 24 05:24:03.651: IC: [uid:1]Associate class successful: class id: 0x1 dir 2
*Nov 24 05:24:03.651: IC: [uid:1]Notify classes [0x0,0x1] for handle 0xB1000001 were associated
*Nov 24 05:24:03.653: IC: [uid:1]IC successfully bind feature handle 0xB1000001, class id 0x0, type 11, layer 2, protocol 1
*Nov 24 05:24:03.653: IC: [uid:1]Event bind, state changed from associated to binding
*Nov 24 05:24:03.653: IC: [uid:1]IC successfully bind feature handle 0xB1000001, class id 0x1, type 11, layer 2, protocol 1
*Nov 24 05:24:03.653: IC: [uid:1]Event bind, state changed from binding to binding
*Nov 24 05:24:03.654: IC: [uid:1]Activate a target: handle 0xB1000001
*Nov 24 05:24:03.654: IC: [uid:1]Activate all classes on a target
*Nov 24 05:24:03.654: IC: [uid:1]Config block: 32, hw class size: 20,fo size: 16 offset: 32, buff len 104
*Nov 24 05:24:03.654: IC: [uid:1]Config msg sent to dp: total class 2, op = 0
*Nov 24 05:24:03.655: IC: [uid:1]Feature Object: C: 0x0 L: 2 T: 11 P: 1, Add
*Nov 24 05:24:03.655: IC: [uid:1]Config for: class 0x0, number of fo 1
*Nov 24 05:24:03.655: IC: [uid:1]Feature Object: C: 0x1 L: 2 T: 11 P: 1, Add
*Nov 24 05:24:03.655: IC: [uid:1]Config for: class 0x1, number of fo 1
*Nov 24 05:24:03.655: IC: [uid:1]Send provision info and activate target success rc = 5
*Nov 24 05:24:03.655: IC: [uid:1]Event activate, state changed from binding to connected
*Nov 24 05:24:03.672: IC_DP: [Dir:N] Received feature: total class 2
*Nov 24 05:24:03.672: IC_DP: [Dir:I] SIP and FSP are associated with IC
*Nov 24 05:24:03.673: IC_DP: [Dir:I] L2 IN: callpath associated
*Nov 24 05:24:03.673: IC_DP: [Dir:I] L3 IN: callpath associated
*Nov 24 05:24:03.673: IC_DP: [Dir:I] Data plane feature IC installed
*Nov 24 05:24:03.673: IC_DP: [Dir:O] SIP and FSP are associated with IC
*Nov 24 05:24:03.673: IC_DP: [Dir:O] L2 OUT: callpath associated
*Nov 24 05:24:03.673: IC_DP: [Dir:O] L3 OUT: callpath associated
*Nov 24 05:24:03.673: IC_DP: [Dir:O] Data plane feature IC installed
*Nov 24 05:24:03.674: IC_DP: [Dir:I] [0x0,0x1], feature object: 1, dir 1 op: 0
*Nov 24 05:24:03.674: IC_DP: [Dir:I] FO Received: class 0x0, type: 11, layer 2, prot IPv4 Apply/Update
*Nov 24 05:24:03.674: IC_DP: [Dir:I] Add FO for C:0x0 T:11 L:2 P:1
*Nov 24 05:24:03.674: IC_DP: [Dir:I] Add class to sess ctx 0x0
*Nov 24 05:24:03.674: IC_DP: [Dir:O] [0x1,0x0], feature object: 1, dir 2 op: 0
*Nov 24 05:24:03.674: IC_DP: [Dir:O] FO Received: class 0x1, type: 11, layer 2, prot IPv4 Apply/Update
*Nov 24 05:24:03.674: IC_DP: [Dir:O] Add FO for C:0x1 T:11 L:2 P:1
*Nov 24 05:24:03.675: IC_DP: [Dir:O] Add class to sess ctx 0x1
...

Related Commands

Command

Description

show subscriber session

Displays information about ISG subscriber sessions.

debug subscriber error

To display diagnostic information about errors that may occur during Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) subscriber session setup, use the debug subscriber errorcommand in privileged EXEC mode. To disable debugging output, use the no form of this command.

debug subscriber error

no debug subscriber error

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

Examples

The following sample output for the debug subscriber error command indicates that the session is stale since the session handle has already been destroyed.

Router# debug subscriber error
*Sep 20 22:39:49.455: SSS MGR: Session handle [EF000002] destroyed already

Related Commands

Command

Description

debug sss aaa authorization event

Displays messages about AAA authorization events that are part of normal call establishment.

debug sss event

Displays diagnostic information about Subscriber Service Switch call setup events.

debug sss fsm

Displays diagnostic information about the Subscriber Service Switch call setup state.

debug subscriber event

To display diagnostic information about Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) subscriber session setup events, use the debug subscriber eventcommand in privileged EXEC mode. To disable debugging output, use the no form of this command.

debug subscriber event

no debug subscriber event

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

Examples

The following sample output for the debug subscriber event commands indicates that the system has determined that the session should be locally terminated. The local termination module determines that an interface description block (IDB) is not required for this session, and it sets up the data plane for packet switching.

Router# debug subscriber event
*Sep 20 22:21:08.223: SSS MGR [uid:2]: Handling Connect Local Service action
*Sep 20 22:21:08.223: SSS LTERM [uid:2]: Processing Local termination request
*Sep 20 22:21:08.223: SSS LTERM [uid:2]: L3 session - IDB not required for setting up service
*Sep 20 22:21:08.223: SSS LTERM [uid:2]: Interface already present or not required for service
*Sep 20 22:21:08.223: SSS LTERM [uid:2]: Segment provision successful

Related Commands

Command

Description

debug sss aaa authorization event

Displays messages about AAA authorization events that are part of normal call establishment.

debug sss error

Displays diagnostic information about errors that may occur during Subscriber Service Switch call setup.

debug sss fsm

Displays diagnostic information about the Subscriber Service Switch call setup state.

debug subscriber feature

To display diagnostic information about the installation and removal of Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) features on ISG subscriber sessions, use the debug subscriber feature command in privileged EXEC mode. To disable debugging output, use the no form of this command.

debug subscriber feature { all | detail | error | event | name feature-name { detail | error | event | packet } | packet [ detail | full ] [ issu { event | error } ] [ ccm { event | error } ] }

no debug subscriber feature { all | detail | error | event | name feature-name { detail | error | event | packet } | packet [ detail | full ] [ issu { event | error } ] [ ccm { event | error } ] }

Syntax Description

all

Displays information about all features.

detail

The detail keyword can be used in one of the following three ways:

  • If used with no other keywords, displays detailed information about all features
  • If a feature name is specified with the name feature-name keyword and argument, displays detailed information about the specific feature. The detail keyword can be used with the following feature-name values:
    • accounting
    • compression
    • modem-on-hold
    • policing
    • traffic-classification
  • If used with the packet keyword, displays a partial dump of packets as ISG features are being applied to the packets.

error

Displays information about errors for all features or a specified feature.

event

Displays information about events for all features or a specified feature.

name

Displays information specific to feature.

feature-name

Name of the ISG feature. Possible values are the following:

  • access-list
  • accounting
  • compression
  • filter
  • idle-timer
  • interface-config
  • ip-config
  • l4redirect
  • modem-on-hold
  • policing
  • portbundle
  • prepaid-idle
  • session-timer
  • static-routes
  • time-monitor
  • volume-monitor

issu

Displays information about events and errors for all features or a specified feature as they occur.

ccm

Displays information about a specific feature checkpointing activity. If the ccm keyword is not specified, event and error logging is specific to the feature’s interaction with the cluster control manager (CCM).

packet

Displays information about packets as ISG features are being applied to the packets. If a feature name is specified with the name feature-name keyword and argument, packet information about the specific feature is displayed. The packet keyword can be used with the following feature-name values:

  • access-list
  • l4redirect
  • policing
  • portbundle

full

(Optional) Displays a full dump of a packet as ISG features are being applied to it.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC (#)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRC

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release12.2(33)SRC.

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.5S

This command was modified. The traffic-classification keyword was removed as a choice for the feature-name argument.

Examples

The following sample output from the debug subscriber feature command indicates that the idle timeout feature has been successfully installed on the inbound segment.

Router# debug subscriber feature event

*Sep 20 22:28:57.903: SSF[myservice/uid:6/Idle Timeout]: Group feature install
*Sep 20 22:28:57.903: SSF[uid:6/Idle Timeout]: Adding feature to inbound segment(s)

debug subscriber fsm

To display diagnostic information about Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) subscriber session state change, use the debug subscriber fsmcommand in privileged EXEC mode. To disable debugging output, use the no form of this command.

debug subscriber fsm

no debug subscriber fsm

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Default

No default behavior or values.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

Examples

The following sample output for the debug subscriber fsm command indicates that the session has been disconnected by the client, and the system is cleaning up the session by disconnecting the network service and removing any installed features.

Router# deb
ug subscriber fs
m
*Sep 20 22:35:10.495: SSS MGR [uid:5]: Event client-disconnect, state changed from connected to disconnecting-fsp-feat

debug subscriber lite-session errors

To enable debugging of Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) subscriber lite-session errors, use the debug subscriber lite-session errors command in privileged EXEC mode. To disable debugging, use the no form of this command.

debug subscriber lite-session errors

no debug subscriber lite-session errors

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC (#)

Command History

Release

Modification

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.7S

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

A lite session or walk-by session is a light-weight unauthenticated Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) session. Lite sessions are created on ISG to support walk-by users and optimize resource usage. Use the debug subscriber lite-session errors command to diagnose problems with ISG subscriber lite-session setups. This command also helps diagnose problems with ISG subscriber lite-session events. We recommend that you use the debug subscriber lite-session errors command instead of the debug subscriber lite-session events command to diagnose problems with ISG subscriber lite-session events.

Examples

The following sample output from the debug subscriber lite-session errors command displays debugging details related to ISG subscriber lite session errors. The fields in the output are self-explanatory.

Device# debug subscriber lite-session errors

*Jun 25 07:06:16.186: IP-LITE-EVENT:Lite session creation request for ip=192.0.2.1, vrf=2
*Jun 25 07:06:16.187: IP-LITE-EVENT [192.0.2.1:2]: Lite session created with Interface=GigabitEthernet0/0/2, Default SM handle=55000023
*Jun 25 07:06:16.187: IP-LITE-EVENT [192.0.2.1:2]: Info sent to data plane on session creation:
         IP=192.0.2.1
         VRF=2
         MAC=0027.0d4e.d560
         Lite DP handle=7F9151E5F680
         IPSUB DP handle=B900000E
         PBHK=192.0.2.3:0
         PBHK handle=0

*Jun 25 07:06:16.187: IP-LITE-EVENT [192.0.2.1:2]: Lite session creation update sent to data plane
*Jun 25 07:06:22.498: IP-LITE-EVENT:Clear session request for IP=192.0.2.1, table-id=2
*Jun 25 07:06:22.498: IP-LITE-EVENT [192.0.2.1:2]: Clearing the lite session
*Jun 25 07:06:22.498: IP-LITE-EVENT [192.0.2.1:2]: Free the lite session with DP inform
*Jun 25 07:06:22.498: IP-LITE-EVENT [192.0.2.1:2]: Info sent to data plane on session deletion:
         IP=192.0.2.1
         VRF=2
         MAC=0027.0d4e.d560
         Lite DP handle=7F9151E5F680
         IPSUB DP handle=B900000E
         PBHK=192.0.2.3:0
         PBHK handle=0

*Jun 25 07:06:22.498: IP-LITE-EVENT:Lite session segment delete for ip=192.0.2.1, vrf=2
*Jun 25 07:06:22.498: IP-LITE-EVENT [192.0.2.1:2]: Removed lite session from table
*Jun 25 07:06:22.498: IP-LITE-EVENT:Lite session handle=11000024 deleted
*Jun 25 07:06:22.498: IP-LITE-EVENT:Lite session freed

Related Commands

Command

Description

debug subscriber errors

Enables debugging of ISG subscriber session errors.

debug subscriber lite-session events

Enables debugging of ISG subscriber lite-session events.

debug subscriber lite-session events

To enable debugging of Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) subscriber lite-session events, use the debug subscriber lite-session events command in privileged EXEC mode. To disable debugging, use the no form of this command.

debug subscriber lite-session events

no debug subscriber lite-session events

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC (#)

Command History

Release

Modification

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.7S

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the debug subscriber lite-session events command to diagnose problems with ISG subscriber lite-session events.


Note


We recommend not to use the debug subscriber lite-session events command because it may impact system performance. Instead, use the debug subscriber lite-session errors command to check for problems with lite-session events.


Examples

The following sample output from the debug subscriber lite-session events command displays debugging details related to creating an ISG subscriber lite session. The fields in the display are self-explanatory.

Device# debug subscriber lite-session events

*Jun 24 23:03:18.755: IP-LITE-EVENT:Lite session creation request for ip=203.0.113.1, vrf=0
*Jun 24 23:03:18.755: IP-LITE-EVENT:PBHK enabled on default session (SM handle=F000001)
*Jun 24 23:03:18.758: IP-LITE-EVENT [203.0.113.1:0]: Lite session created with Interface=GigabitEthernet2/0/1, Default SM handle=F000001
*Jun 24 23:03:18.758: IP-LITE-EVENT:PBHK enabled on default session (SM handle=F000001)
*Jun 24 23:03:18.758: IP-LITE-EVENT [203.0.113.1:0]: Info sent to data plane on session creation:
         IP=203.0.113.1
         VRF=0
         MAC=0010.9400.0002
         Lite DP handle=7F82AE2364F0
         IPSUB DP handle=CA000001
         PBHK=203.0.113.10:1024
         PBHK handle=64000001

*Jun 24 23:03:18.758: IP-LITE-EVENT [203.0.113.1:0]: Lite session creation update sent to data plane
*Jun 24 23:03:19.713: IP-LITE-EVENT:Lite session creation request for ip=203.0.113.1, vrf=0

The following sample output from the debug subscriber lite-session events command displays debugging details of clearing an ISG subscriber lite session. The fields in the display are self-explanatory.

In the example given below, the clear subscriber lite-session ip ip-address command deletes information about the lite session associated with IP address 203.0.113.1. When you use the debug subscriber lite-session events command, debugging details of clearing the lite session associated with IP address 203.0.113.1 are displayed.

Device# clear subscriber lite-session ip 203.0.113.1

Device# debug subscriber lite-session events

*Jun 24 23:04:39.681: IP-LITE-EVENT:Clear session request for IP=203.0.113.1, table-id=0
*Jun 24 23:04:39.681: IP-LITE-EVENT [203.0.113.1:0]: Clearing the lite session
*Jun 24 23:04:39.681: IP-LITE-EVENT [203.0.113.1:0]: Free the lite session with DP inform
*Jun 24 23:04:39.681: IP-LITE-EVENT [203.0.113.1:0]: Info sent to data plane on session deletion:
         IP=203.0.113.1
         VRF=0
         MAC=0010.9400.0002
         Lite DP handle=7F82AE2364F0
         IPSUB DP handle=CA000001
         PBHK=198.51.100.2:0
         PBHK handle=64000001

*Jun 24 23:04:39.681: IP-LITE-EVENT:Lite session segment delete for ip=203.0.113.1, vrf=0
*Jun 24 23:04:39.682: IP-LITE-EVENT [203.0.113.1:0]: Removed lite session from table
*Jun 24 23:04:39.682: IP-LITE-EVENT:Lite session handle=A9000002 deleted
*Jun 24 23:04:39.682: IP-LITE-EVENT:Lite session freed
*Jun 24 23:04:39.686: IP-LITE-EVENT:Lite session creation request for ip=203.0.113.1, vrf=0
*Jun 24 23:04:39.686: IP-LITE-EVENT:PBHK enabled on default session (SM handle=F000001)
*Jun 24 23:04:39.686: IP-LITE-EVENT [203.0.113.1:0]: Lite session created with Interface=GigabitEthernet2/0/1, Default SM handle=F000001
*Jun 24 23:04:39.686: IP-LITE-EVENT:PBHK enabled on default session (SM handle=F000001)
*Jun 24 23:04:39.686: IP-LITE-EVENT [203.0.113.1:0]: Info sent to data plane on session creation:
         IP=203.0.113.1
         VRF=0
         MAC=0010.9400.0002
         Lite DP handle=7F82AE2364F0
         IPSUB DP handle=4500000C
         PBHK=198.51.100.1:1024
         PBHK handle=F5000002

*Jun 24 23:04:39.686: IP-LITE-EVENT [203.0.113.1:0]: Lite session creation update sent to data plane

Related Commands

Command

Description

clear subscriber lite-session

Clears the displayed details of an ISG subscriber lite session.

debug subscriber events

Enables debugging of ISG subscriber session events.

debug subscriber lite-session errors

Enables debugging of ISG subscriber lite-session errors.

debug subscriber packet

To display information about packets as they traverse the subscriber service switch (SSS) path, use the debug subscriber packet command in privileged EXEC mode. To disable debugging, use the no form of this command.

debug subscriber packet { detail | error | event | full }

no debug subscriber packet { detail | error | event | full }

Syntax Description

detail

Displays a partial dump of packets as they traverse the SSS path.

error

Displays any packet-switching errors that occur when a packet traverses the SSS path.

event

Displays packet-switching events that occur when a packet traverses the SSS path.

full

Displays a full dump of packets as they traverse the SSS path.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

Examples

The following example show sample output for the debug subscriber packetcommand with the fullkeyword. This output is for a PPPoE session configured with forwarding.

SSS Switch: Pak encap size, old: 60, new: 24
SSS Switch: Pak 0285C458 sz 66 encap 14
*Feb  9 15:47:13.659: 000000 AA BB CC 00 0B 01 AA BB  D.......
*Feb  9 15:47:13.659: 000008 CC 00 0C 01 08 00 45 00  ......N.
*Feb  9 15:47:13.659: 000010 00 34 00 28 00 00 FE 11  .4.(....
*Feb  9 15:47:13.659: 000018 F2 9D AC 12 B8 E7 AC 12  ........
*Feb  9 15:47:13.659: 000020 B8 E6 06 A5 06 A5 00 20  ....... 
*Feb  9 15:47:13.659: 000028 00 00 C0 01 02 00 00 02  ........
*Feb  9 15:47:13.659: 000030 00 01 00 18 00 00 FC A7  ........
*Feb  9 15:47:13.659: 000038 2E B3 FF 03 C2 23 03 01  .....#..
*Feb  9 15:47:13.659: 000040 00 04                    ..
SSS Switch: Pak encap size, old: 60, new: 24
SSS Switch: Pak 0285C458 sz 72 encap 14
*Feb  9 15:47:13.691: 000000 AA BB CC 00 0B 01 AA BB  D.......
*Feb  9 15:47:13.691: 000008 CC 00 0C 01 08 00 45 00  ......N.
*Feb  9 15:47:13.691: 000010 00 3A 00 2A 00 00 FE 11  .:.*....
*Feb  9 15:47:13.691: 000018 F2 95 AC 12 B8 E7 AC 12  ........
*Feb  9 15:47:13.691: 000020 B8 E6 06 A5 06 A5 00 26  .......&
*Feb  9 15:47:13.691: 000028 00 00 C0 01 02 00 00 02  ........
*Feb  9 15:47:13.691: 000030 00 01 00 1E 00 00 FC A7  ........
*Feb  9 15:47:13.691: 000038 2E B3 FF 03 80 21 01 01  .....!..
*Feb  9 15:47:13.691: 000040 00 0A 03 06 3A 3A 3A 3A  ....::::
SSS Switch: Pak encap size, old: 24, new: 46
SSS Switch: Pak 027A5BE8 sz 36 encap 18
*Feb  9 15:47:13.691: 000000 AA BB CC 00 0B 00 AA BB  D.......
*Feb  9 15:47:13.691: 000008 CC 00 0A 00 81 00 01 41  .......a
*Feb  9 15:47:13.691: 000010 88 64 11 00 00 01 00 0C  .dN.....
*Feb  9 15:47:13.691: 000018 80 21 01 01 00 0A 03 06  .!......
*Feb  9 15:47:13.691: 000020 00 00 00 00              ....
SSS Switch: Pak encap size, old: 60, new: 24
SSS Switch: Pak 0285C458 sz 72 encap 14
*Feb  9 15:47:13.691: 000000 AA BB CC 00 0B 01 AA BB  D.......
*Feb  9 15:47:13.691: 000008 CC 00 0C 01 08 00 45 00  ......N.
*Feb  9 15:47:13.691: 000010 00 3A 00 2C 00 00 FE 11  .:.,....
*Feb  9 15:47:13.691: 000018 F2 93 AC 12 B8 E7 AC 12  ........
*Feb  9 15:47:13.691: 000020 B8 E6 06 A5 06 A5 00 26  .......&
*Feb  9 15:47:13.691: 000028 00 00 C0 01 02 00 00 02  ........
*Feb  9 15:47:13.691: 000030 00 01 00 1E 00 00 FC A7  ........
*Feb  9 15:47:13.691: 000038 2E B3 FF 03 80 21 03 01  .....!..
*Feb  9 15:47:13.691: 000040 00 0A 03 06 09 00 00 1F  ........

Related Commands

Command

Description

debug subscriber feature

Displays diagnostic information about the installation and removal of ISG features on subscriber sessions.

debug subscriber policy

To display diagnostic information about policy execution related to Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) subscriber sessions, use the debug subscriber policy command in privileged EXEC mode. To disable debugging output, use the no form of this command.

debug subscriber policy { all | detail | error | event | fsm | prepaid | { condition | idmgr | profile | push | rule | service } [ detail | error | event ] | dpm [ error | event ] | webportal { detail | error | event } }

no debug subscriber policy { all | detail | error | event | fsm | prepaid | { condition | idmgr | profile | push | rule | service } [ detail | error | event ] | dpm [ error | event ] | webportal { detail | error | event } }

Syntax Description

all

Displays information about all policies.

detail

Displays detailed information about all policies or the specified type of policy.

error

Displays policy execution errors for all policies or the specified type of policy.

event

Displays policy execution events for all policies or the specified type of policy.

fsm

Displays information about state changes during policy execution.

prepaid

Displays information about ISG prepaid policy execution.

condition

Displays information related to the evaluation of ISG control class maps.

idmgr

Displays information about policy execution related to identity.

profile

Displays information about the policy manager subscriber profile database.

push

Displays policy information about dynamic updates to subscriber profiles from policy servers.

rule

Displays information about control policy rules.

service

Displays policy information about service profile database events for subscriber sessions.

dpm

Displays information about Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) in relation to subscriber sessions.

webportal

Displays policy information about the web portal in relation to subscriber sessions.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

Examples

The following example shows sample output for the debug subscriber policy command with the events keyword. This output indicates the creation of a new session. “Updated key list” indicates important attributes and information associated with the session.

*Feb  7 18:58:24.519: SSS PM [0413FC58]: Create context 0413FC58
*Feb  7 18:58:24.519: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]: Authen status update; is now "unauthen"
*Feb  7 18:58:24.519: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]: Updated NAS port for AAA ID 14
*Feb  7 18:58:24.519: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]: Updated key list:
*Feb  7 18:58:24.519: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]:   Access-Type = 15 (IP)
*Feb  7 18:58:24.519: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]:   Protocol-Type = 4 (IP)
*Feb  7 18:58:24.519: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]:   Media-Type = 2 (IP)
*Feb  7 18:58:24.519: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]:   IP-Address = 10.0.0.2 (0A000002)
*Feb  7 18:58:24.519: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]:   IP-Address-VRF = IP 10.0.0.2:0
*Feb  7 18:58:24.519: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]:   source-ip-address = 037FBB78 
*Feb  7 18:58:24.519: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]:   Mac-Address = aabb.cc00.6500
*Feb  7 18:58:24.519: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]:   Final = 1 (YES)
*Feb  7 18:58:24.519: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]:   Authen-Status = 1 (Unauthenticated)
*Feb  7 18:58:24.519: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]:   Nasport = PPPoEoE: slot 0 adapter 0 port 0 
*Feb  7 18:58:24.519: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]: Updated key list:
*Feb  7 18:58:24.519: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]:   Access-Type = 15 (IP)
*Feb  7 18:58:24.519: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]:   Protocol-Type = 4 (IP)
*Feb  7 18:58:24.519: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]:   Media-Type = 2 (IP)
*Feb  7 18:58:24.519: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]:   IP-Address = 10.0.0.2 (0A000002)
*Feb  7 18:58:24.519: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]:   IP-Address-VRF = IP 10.0.0.2:0
*Feb  7 18:58:24.519: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]:   source-ip-address = 037FBB78 
*Feb  7 18:58:24.519: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]:   Mac-Address = aabb.cc00.6500
*Feb  7 18:58:24.519: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]:   Final = 1 (YES)
*Feb  7 18:58:24.519: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]:   Authen-Status = 1 (Unauthenticated)
*Feb  7 18:58:24.519: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]:   Nasport = PPPoEoE: slot 0 adapter 0 port 0 
*Feb  7 18:58:24.519: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]:   Session-Handle = 486539268 (1D000004)
*Feb  7 18:58:24.519: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]: SM Policy invoke - Service Selection Request
*Feb  7 18:58:24.519: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]: Access type IP
*Feb  7 18:58:24.519: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]: Access type IP: final key
*Feb  7 18:58:24.519: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]: Received Service Request
*Feb  7 18:58:24.519: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]: Handling Authorization Check
*Feb  7 18:58:24.519: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]: SIP [IP] can NOT provide more keys
*Feb  7 18:58:24.519: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]: SIP [IP] can NOT provide more keys
*Feb  7 18:58:24.519: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]: Handling Default Service
*Feb  7 18:58:24.519: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]: Providing Service
*Feb  7 18:58:24.519: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]: Policy reply - Local Terminate
*Feb  7 18:58:24.523: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]: SM Policy invoke - Apply Config Success
*Feb  7 18:58:24.523: SSS PM [uid:4][0413FC58]: Handling Apply Config; SUCCESS

debug subscriber policy dpm timestamps

To include timestamp information for DHCP policy module (DPM) messages in debugging output, use the debug subscriber policy dpm timestampscommand in privileged EXEC mode. To remove timestamp information from output, use the no form of this command.

debug subscriber policy dpm timestamps

no debug subscriber policy dpm timestamps

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC (#)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(33)SB9

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The debug subscriber policy dpm timestamps command enables the timestamp information for the latest DPM message that was received to be saved after a session is established. The timestamp for DPM messages is displayed in debugging output, including output from the show s ubscriber policy dpm context command.

Timestamp information is removed by default after a session is established. Enabling this command preserves the timestamp information so that it can be included in debugging output. This command does not display any debugging output; it enables timestamp output for other debug and show commands.

Examples

The following example shows how to include timestamp information in debug output:

Router# debug subscriber policy dpm timestamps
SG dhcp message timestamps debugging is on

Related Commands

Command

Description

show s ubscriber policy dpm context

Displays event traces for DPM session contexts.

debug subscriber service

To display diagnostic information about the service profile database in an Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG), use the debug subscriber service command in privileged EXEC mode. To disable debugging, use the no form of this command.

debug subscriber service

no debug subscriber service

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the debug subscriber service command to diagnose problems with service profiles or service policy maps.

Examples

The following example shows sample output for the debug subscriber service command. This output indicates that a service logon has occurred for the service “prep_service”.

*Feb 7 18:52:31.067: SVM [prep_service]: needs downloading
*Feb 7 18:52:31.067: SVM [D6000000/prep_service]: allocated version 1
*Feb 7 18:52:31.067: SVM [D6000000/prep_service]: [8A000002]: client queued
*Feb 7 18:52:31.067: SVM [D6000000/prep_service]: [PM-Download:8A000002] locked 0->1
*Feb 7 18:52:31.067: SVM [D6000000/prep_service]: [AAA-Download:040DD9D0] locked 0->1
*Feb 7 18:52:31.127: SVM [D6000000/prep_service]: TC feature info found
*Feb 7 18:52:31.127: SVM [D0000001/prep_service]: added child
*Feb 7 18:52:31.127: SVM [D6000000/prep_service]: [TC-Child:040DD130] locked 0->1
*Feb 7 18:52:31.127: SVM [D0000001/CHILD/prep_service]: [TC-Parent:040DD1A8] locked 0->1
*Feb 7 18:52:31.127: SVM [D6000000/prep_service]: TC flow feature info not found
*Feb 7 18:52:31.127: SVM [D6000000/prep_service]: downloaded first version
*Feb 7 18:52:31.127: SVM [D6000000/prep_service]: [8A000002]: client download ok
*Feb 7 18:52:31.127: SVM [D6000000/prep_service]: [SVM-to-client-msg:8A000002] locked 0->1
*Feb 7 18:52:31.127: SVM [D6000000/prep_service]: [AAA-Download:040DD9D0] unlocked 1->0
*Feb 7 18:52:31.131: SVM [D6000000/prep_service]: alloc feature info
*Feb 7 18:52:31.131: SVM [D6000000/prep_service]: [SVM-Feature-Info:040E2E80] locked 0->1
*Feb 7 18:52:31.131: SVM [D6000000/prep_service]: has Policy info
*Feb 7 18:52:31.131: SVM [D6000000/prep_service]: [PM-Info:0416BAB0] locked 0->1
*Feb 7 18:52:31.131: SVM [D6000000/prep_service]: populated client
*Feb 7 18:52:31.131: SVM [D6000000/prep_service]: [PM-Download:8A000002] unlocked 1->0
*Feb 7 18:52:31.131: SVM [D6000000/prep_service]: [SVM-to-client-msg:8A000002] unlocked 1->0
*Feb 7 18:52:31.131: SVM [D6000000/prep_service]: [PM-Service:040E31E0] locked 0->1
*Feb 7 18:52:31.131: SVM [D0000001/CHILD/prep_service]: [SM-SIP-Apply:D0000001] locked 0->1
*Feb 7 18:52:31.131: SVM [D6000000/prep_service]: [FM-Bind:82000002] locked 0->1
*Feb 7 18:52:31.131: SVM [D6000000/prep_service]: [SVM-Feature-Info:040E2E80] unlocked 1->0
*Feb 7 18:52:31.139: SVM [D0000001/CHILD/prep_service]: alloc feature info
*Feb 7 18:52:31.139: SVM [D0000001/CHILD/prep_service]: [SVM-Feature-Info:040E2E80] locked 0->1
*Feb 7 18:52:31.159: SVM [D0000001/CHILD/prep_service]: [FM-Bind:2C000003] locked 0->1
*Feb 7 18:52:31.159: SVM [D0000001/CHILD/prep_service]: [SVM-Feature-Info:040E2E80] unlocked 1->0
*Feb 7 18:52:31.159: SVM [D0000001/CHILD/prep_service]: [SM-SIP-Apply:D0000001] unlocked 1->0

debug subscriber testing

To display diagnostic information for Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) simulator testing, use the debug subscriber testing command in privileged EXEC mode. To disable debugging, use the no form of this command.

debug subscriber testing

no debug subscriber testing

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

Examples

The following example shows the configuration of the debug subscriber testing command:

Router# debug subscriber testing

drop (ISG)

To configure an Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) to discard packets belonging to the default traffic class, use the drop command in service policy-map class configuration mode. To disable the packet-discarding action, use the no form of this command.

drop

no drop

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Default

Packets will be passed.

Command Modes

Service policy-map configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The drop command can only be configured in the default class of an ISG service policy map. The default traffic class handles all the traffic that is not handled by other traffic classes in a service.

Examples

The following example shows the default class configured to drop traffic for the service “SERVICE1”:

policy-map type service SERVICE1
 class type traffic CLASS1
  prepaid-config PREPAID
 class type traffic default
  drop

Related Commands

Command

Description

class type traffic

Specifies a named traffic class whose policy you want to create or change or specifies the default traffic class in order to configure its policy.

policy-map type service

Creates or modifies a service policy map, which is used to define an ISG subscriber service.

show class-map type traffic

Displays traffic class maps and their matching criteria.

eap-user ignore-open-session

To enable Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) RADIUS proxy to ignore open sessions for Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP)-authenticated users, use the eap-user ignore-open-session command in RADIUS proxy server configuration mode. To disable RADIUS proxy from ignoring open sessions for EAP-authenticated users, use the no form of this command.

eap-user ignore-open-session

no eap-user ignore-open-session

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Default

Open sessions for EAP-authenticated users are allowed.

Command Modes


RADIUS proxy server configuration (config-locsvr-proxy-radius)
      

Command History

Release

Modification

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.6.1S

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

When a user chooses an EAP Service Set Identifier (SSID), an EAP-authenticated RADIUS proxy session is created on ISG. If the user chooses an open authentication SSID, a RADIUS proxy open session is created on ISG that results in termination of the EAP session. This session termination causes all user-generated traffic to be redirected to the portal because authentication is lost. Use the eap-user ignore-open-session command to prevent ISG from terminating the RADIUS proxy session.

Examples

The following example shows how to configure the device to ignore open sessions for EAP-authenticated users:

        Device(config)# aaa server radius proxy
        Device(config-locsvr-proxy-radius)# eap-user ignore-open-session
      

filter (ISG RADIUS proxy)

To apply Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) RADIUS packet filters to a RADIUS proxy server or client, use the filter command in RADIUS proxy server configuration or RADIUS proxy client configuration mode. To remove the ISG RADIUS packet filters, use the no form of this command.

filter { { access | accounting } { ack | drop | ignore } filter-name | attribute { allow | block } list-name }

no filter { access | accounting | attribute }

Syntax Description

access

Applies a RADIUS packet filter to access requests.

accounting

Applies a RADIUS packet filter to accounting requests.

ack

Acknowledges the RADIUS packet if the packet matches the specified filter criteria.

drop

Drops the RADIUS packet if the packet matches the specified filter criteria.

ignore

Forwards the RADIUS packet to the RADIUS server but does not apply any ISG-related features to the RADIUS packet.

filter-name

Name of the filter to be applied to the packet. The maximum length is 31 characters.

attribute

Applies a RADIUS packet filter to the specified attributes in packets sent to client devices.

allow

Allows only attributes that are specified in the list.

block

Blocks attributes that are specified in the list.

list-name

Specifies the name of the RADIUS attribute list to be used for the filter.

Command Default

ISG RADIUS packet filters are not applied to the RADIUS proxy server or client.

Command Modes

RADIUS proxy server configuration (config-locsvr-proxy-radius)

RADIUS proxy client configuration (config-locsvr-radius-client)

Command History

Release

Modification

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.5S

This command was introduced.

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.7S

This command was modified. The allow, attribute, and block keywords and the list-name argument were added.

Usage Guidelines

The access and accounting keywords indicate the type of RADIUS packets to which the filter should be applied. There cannot be more than one access or accounting filter per RADIUS proxy server configuration mode or RADIUS proxy client configuration mode. Therefore, only four filters can be configured.

Examples

The following example shows how to enter RADIUS proxy server configuration mode and apply ISG RADIUS packet filters to the RADIUS proxy server:

Device(config)# aaa server radius proxy
Device(config-locsvr-proxy-radius)# filter access ack filter1

The following example shows how to enter RADIUS proxy client configuration mode and apply ISG RADIUS packet filters to the RADIUS proxy server:

Device(config)# aaa server radius proxy
Device(config-locsvr-proxy-radius)# client 192.0.2.1 255.255.255.0 vrf myvrftable
Device(config-locsvr-radius-client)# filter attribute block mylist

Related Commands

Command

Description

aaa server radius proxy

Enables ISG RADIUS proxy server configuration mode, in which global ISG RADIUS proxy parameters can be configured.

match (radius-filter)

Configures a condition to check for filter match criteria.

matchnot (radius-filter)

Configures a condition to check for a filter criterion that does not match.

radius filter

Filters RADIUS packets that are received by the RADIUS proxy server.

greater-than

To create a condition that will evaluate true if the subscriber network access server (NAS) port identifier is greater than the specified value, use the greater-than command in control class-map configuration mode. To remove the condition, use the no form of this command.

greater-than [not] nas-port { adapter adapter-number | channel channel-number | ipaddr ip-address | port port-number | shelf shelf-number | slot slot-number | sub-interface sub-interface-number | type interface-type | vci vci-number | vlan vlan-id | vpi vpi-number }

no greater-than [not] nas-port { adapter adapter-number | channel channel-number | ipaddr ip-address | port port-number | shelf shelf-number | slot slot-number | sub-interface sub-interface-number | type interface-type | vci vci-number | vlan vlan-id | vpi vpi-number }

Syntax Description

not

(Optional) Negates the sense of the test.

nas-port

NAS port identifier.

adapter adapter-number

Interface adapter number.

channel channel-number

Interface channel number.

ipaddr ip-address

IP address.

port port-number

Port number.

shelf shelf-number

Interface shelf number.

slot slot-number

Slot number.

sub-interface sub-interface-number

Subinterface number.

type interface-type

Interface type.

vci vci-number

Virtual channel identifier (VCI).

vlan vlan-id

VLAN ID.

vpi vpi-number

Virtual path identifier.

Command Default

A condition that will evaluate true if the subscriber NAS port identifier is greater than the specified value is not created.

Command Modes

Control class-map configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The greater-than command is used to configure a condition within a control class map. A control class map, which is configured with the class-map type control command, specifies conditions that must be met for a control policy to be activated, and, optionally, the event that causes the class to be evaluated. A control class map can contain multiple conditions, each of which will evaluate to either true or false. Match directives can be used to specify whether all, any, or none of the conditions must evaluate true in order for the class as whole to evaluate true.

The class type controlcommand is used to associate a control class map with a policy control map.

Examples

The following example shows a control class map that evaluates true for only a specific range of ATM permanent virtual circuit (PVC) VCIs, 101-104 inclusive:

class-map type type control match-any MY-CONDITION
 greater-than nas-port type atm vpi 200 vci 100
 less-than nas-port type atm vpi 200 vci 105

Related Commands

Command

Description

class-map type control

Creates an ISG control class map.

class type control

Specifies a control class for which actions may be configured in an ISG control policy map.

policy-map type control

Creates or modifies a control policy map, which defines an ISG control policy.

greater-than-or-equal

To create a condition that will evaluate true if the subscriber identifier is greater than or equal to the specified value, use the greater-than-or-equal command in control class-map configuration mode. To remove the condition, use the no form of this command.

greater-than-or-equal [not] nas-port { adapter adapter-number | channel channel-number | ipaddr ip-address | port port-number | shelf shelf-number | slot slot-number | sub-interface sub-interface-number | type interface-type | vci vci-number | vlan vlan-id | vpi vpi-number }

no greater-than-or-equal [not] nas-port { adapter adapter-number | channel channel-number | ipaddr ip-address | port port-number | shelf shelf-number | slot slot-number | sub-interface sub-interface-number | type interface-type | vci vci-number | vlan vlan-id | vpi vpi-number }

Syntax Description

not

(Optional) Negates the sense of the test.

nas-port

NAS port identifier.

adapter adapter-number

Interface adapter number.

channel channel-number

Interface channel number.

ipaddr ip-address

IP address.

port port-number

Port number.

shelf shelf-number

Interface shelf number.

slot slot-number

Slot number.

sub-interface sub-interface-number

Subinterface number.

type interface-type

Interface type.

vci vci-number

Virtual channel identifier.

vlan vlan-id

VLAN ID.

vpi vpi-number

Virtual path identifier.

Command Default

A condition that will evaluate true if the subscriber identifier is greater than or equal to the specified value is not created.

Command Modes

Control class-map configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The greater-than-or-equal command is used to configure a condition within a control class map. A control class map, which is configured with the class-map type control command, specifies conditions that must be met for a control policy to be activated, and, optionally, the event that causes the class to be evaluated. A control class map can contain multiple conditions, each of which will evaluate to either true or false. Match directives can be used to specify whether all, any, or none of the conditions must evaluate true in order for the class as whole to evaluate true.

The class type controlcommand is used to associate a control class map with a policy control map.

Examples

The following example shows a control class map called “class3” configured with three conditions. The match-all keyword indicates that all of the conditions must evaluate true before the class evaluates true. The class type controlcommand associates “class3” with the control policy map called “rule4”.

class-map type control match-all class3
 greater-than-or-equal nas-port port 1000  
!         
policy-map type control rule4
  class type control class3 event session-start
   1 authorize identifier nas-port
!

Related Commands

Command

Description

class-map type control

Creates an ISG control class map.

class type control

Specifies a control class for which actions may be configured in an ISG control policy map.

policy-map type control

Creates or modifies a control policy map, which defines an ISG control policy.

identifier interface


Note


Effective with Cisco IOS Release 12.2(31)SB2, the identifier interface command is replaced by the ip subscriber interface command. See the ip subscriber interface command for more information.


To create an Intelligent Service Agent (ISG) IP interface session, use the identifier interface command in IP subscriber configuration mode. To remove the IP interface session, use the no form of this command.

identifier interface

no identifier interface

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Default

An ISG IP interface session is not created.

Command Modes

IP subscriber configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

12.2(31)SB2

This command was replaced by the ip subscriber interface command.

Usage Guidelines

An IP interface session includes all IP traffic received on a specific physical or virtual interface. IP interface sessions are provisioned through the command-line interface (CLI), that is, the session is created when the IP interface session commands are entered.

IP interface sessions might be used in situations in which a subscriber is represented by an interface (with the exception of PPP) and communicates using more than one IP address. For example, a subscriber using routed bridge encapsulation (RBE) access might have a dedicated ATM virtual circuit (VC) to home customer premises equipment (CPE) that is hosting multiple PCs.

Examples

The following example shows an IP interface session configured on Ethernet interface 0/0:

interface ethernet0/0
 ip subscriber
  identifier interface

Related Commands

Command

Description

identifier ip src-addr

Enables an ISG to create an IP session upon detection of the first IP packet from an unidentified subscriber.

ip subscriber

Enables ISG IP subscriber configuration mode.

identifier ip src-addr


Note


Effective with Cisco IOS Release 12.2(31)SB2, the identifier ip src-addr command is replaced by the initiator command. See the initiator command for more information.


To enable an Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) to create an IP session upon detection of the first IP packet from an unidentified subscriber, use the identifier ip src-addrcommand in IP subscriber configuration mode. To disable IP session creation upon receipt of IP packets from unidentified subscribers, use the no form of this command.

identifier ip src-addr [ match access-list-number ]

no identifier ip src-addr [ match access-list-number ]

Syntax Description

match access-list-number

(Optional) Causes IP sessions to be created only for subscriber traffic matching the access list.

Command Default

An ISG does not create IP sessions upon detection of the first IP packet from an unidentified subscriber.

Command Modes

IP subscriber configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

12.2(31)SB2

This command was replaced by the initiator command.

Usage Guidelines

An ISG subscriber IP session includes all the traffic that is associated with a single subscriber IP address. An IP subnet session includes all the IP traffic that is associated with a single IP subnet.

IP subnet sessions are created the same way as IP sessions, except that when a subscriber is authorized or authenticated and the Framed-IP-Netmask attribute is present in the user or service profile, the ISG converts the source-IP-based session into a subnet session with the subnet value in the Framed-IP-Netmask attribute.

Examples

The following example shows how to configure an ISG to create IP sessions upon detection of the first IP packet from unidentified subscribers:

interface ethernet0/0
 ip subscriber
  identifier ip src-addr

Related Commands

Command

Description

identifier interface

Creates an ISG IP interface session.

ip subscriber

Enables ISG IP subscriber configuration mode.

if upon network-service-found

To specify whether the system should continue processing policy rules once a subscriber’s network service has been identified, use the if upon network-service-found command in control policy-map class configuration mode. To remove this action from the control policy map, use the no form of this command.

action-number if upon network-service-found { continue | stop }

no action-number if upon network-service-found { continue | stop }

Syntax Description

action-number

Number of the action. Actions are executed sequentially within the policy rule.

continue

Specifies that when a network service for the session is identified, actions in the policy rule will continue to be executed. This is the default.

stop

Specifies that when a network service for the session is identified, no more actions in the policy rule will be executed.

Command Default

Actions will continue to be executed when a subscriber’s network service is identified.

Command Modes

Control policy-map class configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The if upon network-service-foundcommand configures an action in a control policy map.

Control policies define the actions the system will take in response to specified events and conditions. A control policy map is used to configure an Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) control policy. A control policy is made of one or more control policy rules. A control policy rule is an association of a control class and one or more actions. The control class defines the conditions that must be met before the actions will be executed. The actions are numbered and executed sequentially within the policy rule.

Examples

The following example shows how to configure ISG to stop executing actions once the subscriber’s network service has been found:

policy-map type control policy1
 class type control always event session-start
  1 if upon network-service-found stop

ignore (ISG)

To configure an Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) to ignore specific parameters in requests from RADIUS clients, use the ignore command in dynamic authorization local server configuration mode. To reinstate the default behavior, use the no form of this command.

ignore { session-key | server-key }

no ignore { session-key | server-key }

Syntax Description

session-key

Configures ISG to ignore the session key.

server-key

Configures ISG to ignore the server key.

Command Default

The ISG will not ignore the session key or server key.

Command Modes

Dynamic authorization local server configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

An ISG can be configured to allow external policy servers to dynamically send policies to the ISG. This functionality is facilitated by the Change of Authorization (CoA) RADIUS extension. CoA introduced peer to peer capability to RADIUS, enabling ISG and the external policy server each to act as a RADIUS client and server. Use the ignorecommand to configure the ISG to ignore the server key or session key in requests from RADIUS clients.

Examples

The following example configures ISG to ignore the server key in requests from RADIUS clients:

aaa server radius dynamic-author
 client 10.0.0.1
 ignore server-key

Related Commands

Command

Description

aaa server radius dynamic-author

Configures an ISG as a AAA server to facilitate interaction with an external policy server.

initiator

To enable Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) to create an IP subscriber session upon receipt of a specified type of packet, use the initiator command in IP subscriber configuration mode. To disable IP session creation in response to specified packets, use the no form of this command.

initiator { dhcp [class-aware] | radius-proxy | static ip subscriber list list-name | unclassified { ip-address [ ipv4 | [ipv6] [ list list-name ] ] | mac-address } }

no initiator { dhcp [class-aware] | radius-proxy | static ip subscriber list list-name | unclassified { ip-address [ ipv4 | [ipv6] [ list list-name ] ] | mac-address } }

Syntax Description

dhcp

IP subscriber session is initiated upon receipt of a DHCP DISCOVER packet.

Note   

The class-awarekeyword is required when using the dhcp keyword.

class-aware

(Optional) Allows an ISG to influence the IP address assigned by DHCP by providing DHCP with a class name.

radius-proxy

IP subscriber session is initiated upon receipt of a RADIUS Access-Request packet.

static ip subscriber list list-name

IP static session is initiated upon receipt of the first packet from a static session server as defined in the specified IP subscriber list, which was created with the ip subscriber list command.

unclassified ip-address

IP subscriber session is initiated upon receipt of the first IP packet with an unclassified IP source address. The ip-address keyword is supported for routed subscribers. This keyword applies to both IPv4 and IPv6 traffic.

unclassified mac-address

IP subscriber session is initiated upon receipt of the first IP packet with an unclassified MAC source address. The mac-address keyword is supported for Layer 2-connected subscribers.

ipv4

(Optional) An IPv4 subscriber session is initiated upon receipt of the first unclassified IPv4 packet.

ipv6

(Optional) An IPv6 subscriber session is initiated upon receipt of the first unclassified IPv6 packet.

list list-name

(Optional) If used with the ipv6 keyword, an IP subscriber session is initiated upon receipt of the first unclassified IPv6 packet with the prefix length defined in the specified IP subscriber list, as created with the ip subscriber list command.

Note   

This keyword is not supported with the ipv4 keyword.

Command Default

IP sessions are not created upon receipt of specified packets.

Command Modes

IP subscriber configuration (config-subscriber)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

12.2(31)SB2

The following keywords were added: radius-proxy, unclassified ip-address, unclassified mac.

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.2

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS XE Release 2.2.

12.2(33)SRE

This command was modified. The static keyword was added.

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.5

This command was modified. The static keyword was added.

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.4S

This command was modified. The ipv4 and ipv6 keywords were added.

Usage Guidelines

DHCP and ISG IP Session Creation

If the following conditions are met, receipt of a DHCP DISCOVER packet will trigger the creation of an IP session:

  • ISG serves as a DHCP relay or server for new IP address assignments.
  • Subscribers are configured for DHCP.
  • The DHCP DISCOVER packet is the first DHCP request received from the subscriber.

If the ISG device serves as either a DHCP relay or DHCP server in the assignment of client IP addresses, ISG must be configured to initiate IP sessions upon receipt DHCP DISCOVER packets. In other words, the initiator dhcp command must be configured instead of initiator unclassified ip or initiator unclassified mac.

DHCP and ISG IP Address Assignment

When ISG is in the path of DHCP requests (either as a DHCP server or as a relay), ISG can influence the IP address pool and the DHCP server that is used to assign subscriber IP addresses. To enable ISG to influence the IP addresses assigned to subscribers, you associate a DHCP address pool class with an address domain. When a DHCP request is received from a subscriber, DHCP uses the address pool class that is associated with the subscriber to determine which DHCP address pool should be used to service the request. As a result, on a per-request basis, an IP address is provided by the local DHCP server or relayed to a remote DHCP server that is defined in the selected pool. The class-aware keyword enables the ISG to provide DHCP with a class name.

IPv6 Sessions

A subscriber session is created when ISG receives the first unclassified IPv4 or IPv6 packet. ISG creates a single session even if the subscriber sends both IPv4 and IPv6 traffic. If you use the ipv4 keyword, ISG creates a session when it receives the first IPv4 packet, and any IPv6 traffic is allowed to pass through after the session is created for the IPv4 traffic. If you use the ipv6 keyword, ISG creates a session when it receives the first IPv6 packet, and any IPv4 traffic is allowed to pass through after the session is created for the IPv6 traffic. If you do not use either the ipv4 or ipv6 keywords, ISG must create a session before any IPv4 or IPv6 traffic is allowed.

Examples

The following example shows how to configure ISG to create IP sessions for subscribers who connect to ISG on Gigabit Ethernet interface 0/1.401 through a routed access network. ISG will create IP sessions upon receipt of DHCP DISCOVER packets, incoming valid IP packets, and RADIUS Access-Request packets.

interface GigabitEthernet0/1.401
 ip subscriber routed
  initiator dhcp class-aware
  initiator unclassified ip-address
  initiator radius-proxy
  initiator static ip subscriber list mylist

The following example shows how to configure ISG to create IP sessions for subscribers who connect to ISG on Gigabit Ethernet interface 0/0/1 through a routed access network. ISG will create IP sessions upon receipt of incoming IPv6 packets.

interface GigabitEthernet0/0/1
 ip address 10.2.2.2 255.255.255.0
 ipv6 address 2001:DB8:1:2::26/64
 ip subscriber routed
  initiator unclassified ip-address ipv6

Related Commands

Command

Description

ip subscriber

Enables ISG IP subscriber support on an interface and specifies the access method that IP subscribers use to connect to ISG on an interface.

ip subscriber list

Creates a subscriber list for ISG IP sessions.

interface multiservice

To create a multiservice interface, which enables dynamic virtual private network (VPN) selection on an Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG), use the interface multiservice command in global configuration mode. To remove a multiservice interface, use the no form of this command.

interface multiservice interface-number

no interface multiservice interface-number

Syntax Description

interface-number

Number of the multiservice interface. Range is 0 to 1024.

Command Default

A multiservice interface is not created.

Command Modes

Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(31)SB2

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRC

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRC.

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.2

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS XE Release 2.2.

Usage Guidelines

IP interface features (such as quality of service (QoS) and access lists) are not supported on multiservice interfaces.

For a subscriber without a static VPN configuration, a multiservice interface must be configured on the ISG device to map the IP subscriber session to a VRF. The multiservice interface represents a boundary between a VPN routing domain and the default routing domain. In cases where an IP subscriber may be associated with several routing domains throughout the duration of a connection, multiservice interfaces serve as demarcation points for the IP subscriber to switch from one VPN domain to another.

One multiservice interface must be configured for each VPN routing domain.

Examples

The following example shows the configuration of two multiservice interfaces:

interface multiservice 1
 ip address 10.69.10.1 255.255.255.0
!
interface multiservice 2
 ip vrf forwarding Corporate-VPN
 ip address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.0

interim-interval

To specify the interval at which the Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) sends interim prepaid accounting records, use the interim-interval command in prepaid configuration mode. To disable interim prepaid accounting, use the no form of this command.

interim-interval number-of-minutes

no interim-interval number-of-minutes

Syntax Description

number-of-minutes

Interval, in minutes, between prepaid accounting record updates. Range is from 1 to 1440.

Command Default

Interim prepaid accounting is not enabled.

Command Modes

Prepaid configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

When the interim-interval command is configured, the ISG sends accounting records at the specified interval so there will be written log of accounting events that occurred between the Accounting-Start and Accounting-Stop records.

Examples

The following example shows an ISG prepaid feature configuration in which the interval for interim prepaid accounting is set to 5 minutes:

subscriber feature prepaid conf-prepaid
 interim-interval 5
 threshold time 20
 threshold volume 0
 method-list accounting ap-mlist
 method-list authorization default
 password cisco

Related Commands

Command

Description

prepaid config

Enables prepaid billing for an ISG service and references a configuration of prepaid billing parameters.

subscriber feature prepaid

Creates or modifies a configuration of ISG prepaid billing parameters that can be referenced from a service policy map or service profile.

ip access-group

To apply an IP access list or object group access control list (OGACL) to an interface or a service policy map, use the ip access-group command in the appropriate configuration mode. To remove an IP access list or OGACL, use the no form of this command.

ip access-group { access-list-name | access-list-number } { in | out }

no ip access-group { access-list-number | access-list-name } { in | out }

Syntax Description

access-list-name

Name of the existing IP access list or OGACL as specified by an ip access-list command.

access-list-number

Number of the existing access list.

  • Integer from 1 to 199 for a standard or extended IP access list.
  • Integer from 1300 to 2699 for a standard or extended IP expanded access list.

in

Filters on inbound packets.

out

Filters on outbound packets.

Command Default

An access list is not applied.

Command Modes

Interface configuration (config-if)
Service policy-map configuration (config-service-policymap)

Command History

Release

Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

11.2

The access-list-name argument was added.

12.2(28)SB

This command was made available in service policy-map configuration mode.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH.

12.4(20)T

The access-list-name keyword was modified to accept the name of an OGACL.

Cisco IOS XE 3.3S

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS XE Release 3.3S.

15.2(02)SA

This command was implemented on the Cisco ME 2600X Series Ethernet Access Switches.

Usage Guidelines

If the specified access list does not exist, all packets are passed (no warning message is issued).

Applying Access Lists to Interfaces

Acc ess lists or OGACLs are applied on either outbound or inbound interfaces. For standard inbound access lists, after an interface receives a packet, the Cisco IOS software checks the source address of the packet against the access list. For extended access lists or OGACLs, the networking device also checks the destination access list or OGACL. If the access list or OGACL permits the address, the software continues to process the packet. If the access list or OGACL rejects the address, the software discards the packet and returns an Internet Control Management Protocol (ICMP) host unreachable message.

For standard outbound access lists, after a device receives and routes a packet to a controlled interface, the software checks the source address of the packet against the access list. For extended access lists or OGACLs, the networking device also checks the destination access list or OGACL. If the access list or OGACL permits the address, the software sends the packet. If the access list or OGACL rejects the address, the software discards the packet and returns an ICMP host unreachable message.

When you enable outbound access lists or OGACLs, you automatically disable autonomous switching for that interface. When you enable inbound access lists or OGACLs on any CBus or CxBus interface, you automatically disable autonomous switching for all interfaces (with one exception--a Storage Services Enabler (SSE) configured with simple access lists can still switch packets, on output only).

Applying Access Lists or OGACLs to Service Policy Maps

You can use the ip access-group command to configure Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) per-subscriber firewalls. Per-subscriber firewalls are Cisco IOS IP access lists or OGACLs that are used to prevent subscribers, services, and pass-through traffic from accessing specific IP addresses and ports.

ACLs and OGACLs can be configured in user profiles or service profiles on an authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA) server or in service policy maps on an ISG. OGACLS or numbered or named IP access lists can be configured on the ISG, or the ACL or OGACL statements can be included in the profile configuration.

When an ACL or OGACL is added to a service, all subscribers of that service are prevented from accessing the specified IP address, subnet mask, and port combinations through the service.

Examples

The following example applies list 101 on packets outbound from Ethernet interface 0:

Router> enable
Router# configure terminal
Router(config)# interface ethernet 0
Router(config-if)# ip access-group 101 out

Related Commands

Command

Description

deny

Sets conditions in a named IP access list or OGACL that will deny packets.

ip access-list

Defines an IP access list or OGACL by name or number.

object-group network

Defines network object groups for use in OGACLs.

object-group service

Defines service object groups for use in OGACLs.

permit

Sets conditions in a named IP access list or OGACL that will permit packets.

show ip access-list

Displays the contents of IP access lists or OGACLs.

show object-group

Displays information about object groups that are configured.

ip portbundle (global)

To enable portbundle configuration mode, in which Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) port-bundle host key parameters can be configured, use the ip portbundlecommand in global configuration mode. To remove the configuration of the port-bundle host key parameters and release all the port bundles in use, use the no form of this command.

ip portbundle

no ip portbundle

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Default

Portbundle configuration mode is not enabled.

Command Modes

Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Entering the no ip portbundle command in global configuration mode removes the configuration of port-bundle host key parameters and releases all the port bundles in use by the sessions.

Examples

The following example shows how to configure the ISG Port-Bundle Host Key feature to apply to all sessions:

policy-map type service ISGPBHKService
 ip portbundle 
! 
policy-map type control PBHKRule 
 class type control always event session-start 
  1 service-policy type service ISGPBHKService
! 
service-policy type control PBHKRule 
interface ethernet0/0
 ip address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.0
 ip portbundle outside
!
ip portbundle
 match access-list 101
 length 5
 source ethernet0/0

Related Commands

Command

Description

ip portbundle (global)

Enters portbundle configuration mode, in which ISG port-bundle host key parameters can be configured.

ip portbundle outside

Configures the ISG to reverse translate the destination IP address and TCP port to the actual subscriber IP address and TCP port for traffic going from the portal to the subscriber.

length

Specifies the ISG port-bundle length.

match access-list

Specifies packets for port-mapping by specifying an access list to compare against the subscriber traffic.

show ip portbundle ip

Displays information about a particular ISG port bundle.

show ip portbundle status

Displays information about ISG port-bundle groups.

source

Specifies the interface for which the main IP address will be mapped by the ISG to the destination IP addresses in subscriber traffic.

ip portbundle (service policy-map)

To enable the Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) Port-Bundle Host Key feature for a service, use the ip portbundle command in service policy-map configuration mode. To disable the ISG Port-Bundle Host Key feature, use the no form of this command.

ip portbundle

no ip portbundle

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Default

ISG Port-Bundle Host Key feature is not enabled.

Command Modes

Service policy-map configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

When the ISG Port-Bundle Host Key feature is configured, TCP packets from subscribers are mapped to a local IP address for the ISG and a range of ports. This mapping allows the portal to identify the ISG gateway from which the session originated.

The ISG Port-Bundle Host Key feature can be enabled in a service policy map on the router by using the ip portbundle command. The feature can also be enabled in a service profile or user profile on a AAA server.

Examples

The following example shows how to configure the ISG Port-Bundle Host Key feature to apply to all sessions. The ISG Port-Bundle Host Key feature is enabled in the service policy map called “ISGPBHKService”.

policy-map type service ISGPBHKService
 ip portbundle 
! 
policy-map type control PBHKRule 
 class type control always event session-start 
  1 service-policy type service ISGPBHKService
! 
service-policy type control PBHKRule 
interface ethernet0/0
 ip address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.0
 ip portbundle outside
!
ip portbundle
 match access-list 101
 length 5
 source ethernet0/0

Related Commands

Command

Description

ip portbundle (global)

Enters portbundle configuration mode, in which ISG port-bundle host key parameters can be configured.

ip portbundle outside

Configures the ISG to reverse translate the destination IP address and TCP port to the actual subscriber IP address and TCP port for traffic going from the portal to the subscriber.

policy-map type service

Create or modifies a service policy map, which is used to define an ISG subscriber service.

show ip portbundle ip

Displays information about a particular ISG port bundle.

show ip portbundle status

Displays information about ISG port-bundle groups.

ip portbundle outside

To configure an Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) to translate the destination IP address and TCP port to the actual subscriber IP address and TCP port for traffic going from the portal to the subscriber, use the ip portbundle outside command in interface configuration mode. To disable ISG port-bundle host key translation, use the no form of this command.

ip portbundle outside

no ip portbundle outside

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Default

Translation does not occur.

Command Modes

Interface configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The ip portbundle outside command must be configured on ISG interfaces that reach the portal.

Examples

The following example configures ISG to translate the destination IP address and TCP port to the actual subscriber IP address and TCP port for traffic going from the portal to the subscriber. Ethernet interface 0/0 is an interface that reaches the portal.

interface ethernet0/0
 ip address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.0
 ip portbundle outside

Related Commands

Command

Description

ip portbundle (global)

Enters portbundle configuration mode, in which ISG port-bundle host key parameters can be configured.

ip portbundle (service policy-map)

Enables the ISG Port-Bundle Host Key feature for a service

show ip portbundle ip

Displays information about a particular ISG port bundle.

show ip portbundle status

Displays information about ISG port-bundle groups.

ip route-cache

To control the use of switching methods for forwarding IP packets, use the ip route-cache command in interface configuration mode. To disable any of these switching methods, use the no form of this command.

ip route-cache [ cef | distributed | flow | policy | same-interface ]

no ip route-cache [ cef | distributed | flow | policy | same-interface ]

Syntax Description

cef

(Optional) Enables Cisco Express Forwarding operation on an interface.

distributed

(Optional) Enables distributed switching on the interface. (This keyword is not supported on the Cisco 7600 routers.) Distributed switching is disabled by default.

flow

(Optional) Enables NetFlow accounting for packets that are received by the interface. The default is disabled.

policy

(Optional) Enables fast-switching for packets that are forwarded using policy-based routing (PBR). Fast Switching for PBR (FSPBR) is disabled by default.

same-interface

(Optional) Enables fast-switching of packets onto the same interface on which they arrived.

Command Default

The switching method is not controlled.

Command Modes

Interface configuration (config-if)

Command History

Release

Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

11.1

The flowkeyword was added.

11.2GS

The cefand distributedkeywords were added.

11.1CC

cef keyword support was added for multiple platforms.

12.0

The policykeyword was added.

12.2(25)S

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(25)S. The ip route-cache flow command is automatically remapped to the ip flow ingress command.

12.2(28)SB

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(28)SB. This command is not supported on the Cisco 10000 series router.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.4(20)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.4(20)T.

12.2(33)SXI

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXI.

Usage Guidelines

IP Route Cache


Note


The Cisco 10000 series routers do not support the ip route-cache command.


Using the route cache is often called fast switching . The route cache allows outgoing packets to be load-balanced on a per-destination basis rather than on a per-packet basis. The ip route-cachecommand with no additional keywords enables fast switching.

Entering the ip route-cachecommand has no effect on a subinterface. Subinterfaces accept the noform of the command; however, this disables Cisco Express Forwarding or distributed Cisco Express Forwarding on the physical interface and all subinterfaces associated with the physical interface

The default behavior for Fast Switching varies by interface and media.


Note


IPv4 fast switching is removed with the implementation of the Cisco Express Forwarding infrastructure enhancements for Cisco IOS 12.2(25)S-based releases and Cisco IOS Release 12.4(20)T. For these and later Cisco IOS releases, switching path are Cisco Express Forwarding switched or process switched.


IP Route Cache Same Interface

You can enable IP fast switching when the input and output interfaces are the same interface, using the ip route-cache same-interfacecommand. This configuration normally is not recommended, although it is useful when you have partially meshed media, such as Frame Relay or you are running Web Cache Communication Protocol (WCCP) redirection. You could use this feature on other interfaces, although it is not recommended because it would interfere with redirection of packets to the optimal path.

IP Route Cache Flow

The flow caching option can be used in conjunction with Cisco Express Forwarding switching to enable NetFlow, which allows statistics to be gathered with a finer granularity. The statistics include IP subprotocols, well-known ports, total flows, average number of packets per flow, and average flow lifetime.


Note


The ip route-cache flow command has the same functionality as the ip flow ingress command, which is the preferred command for enabling NetFlow. If either the ip route-cache flow command or the ip flow ingress command is configured, both commands will appear in the output of the show running-config command.


IP Route Cache Distributed

The distributed option is supported on Cisco routers with line cards and Versatile Interface Processors (VIPs) that support Cisco Express Forwarding switching.

On Cisco routers with Route/Switch Processor (RSP) and VIP controllers, the VIP hardware can be configured to switch packets received by the VIP with no per-packet intervention on the part of the RSP. When VIP distributed switching is enabled, the input VIP interface tries to switch IP packets instead of forwarding them to the RSP for switching. Distributed switching helps decrease the demand on the RSP.

If the ip route-cache distributed, ip cef distributed, and ip route-cache flowcommands are configured, the VIP performs distributed Cisco Express Forwarding switching and collects a finer granularity of flow statistics.

IP Route-Cache Cisco Express Forwarding

In some instances, you might want to disable Cisco Express Forwarding or distributed Cisco Express Forwarding on a particular interface because that interface is configured with a feature that Cisco Express Forwarding or distributed Cisco Express Forwarding does not support. Because all interfaces that support Cisco Express Forwarding or distributed Cisco Express Forwarding are enabled by default when you enable Cisco Express Forwarding or distributed Cisco Express Forwarding operation globally, you must use the no form of the ip route-cache distributedcommand in the interface configuration mode to turn Cisco Express Forwarding or distributed Cisco Express Forwarding operation off a particular interface.

Disabling Cisco Express Forwarding or distributed Cisco Express Forwarding on an interface disables Cisco Express Forwarding or distributed Cisco Express Forwarding switching for packets forwarded to the interface, but does not affect packets forwarded out of the interface.

Additionally, when you disable distributed Cisco Express Forwarding on the RSP, Cisco IOS software switches packets using the next-fastest switch path (Cisco Express Forwarding).

Enabling Cisco Express Forwarding globally disables distributed Cisco Express Forwarding on all interfaces. Disabling Cisco Express Forwarding or distributed Cisco Express Forwarding globally enables process switching on all interfaces.


Note


On the Cisco 12000 series Internet router, you must not disable distributed Cisco Express Forwarding on an interface.


IP Route Cache Policy

If Cisco Express Forwarding is already enabled, the ip route-cache route command is not required because PBR packets are Cisco Express Forwarding-switched by default.

Before you can enable fast-switched PBR, you must first configure PBR.

FSPBR supports all of PBR’s match commands and most of PBR’s set commands, with the following restrictions:

  • The set ip default next-hopand set default interface commands are not supported.
  • The set interface command is supported only over point-to-point links, unless a route cache entry exists using the same interface specified in the set interface command in the route map. Also, at the process level, the routing table is consulted to determine if the interface is on a reasonable path to the destination. During fast switching, the software does not make this check. Instead, if the packet matches, the software blindly forwards the packet to the specified interface.

Note


Not all switching methods are available on all platforms. Refer to the Cisco Product Catalog for information about features available on the platform you are using.


Examples

Examples

The following example shows how to enable fast switching and disable Cisco Express Forwarding switching:

Router(config)# interface ethernet 0/0/0
Router(config-if)# ip route-cache

The following example shows that fast switching is enabled:

Router# show ip interface fastEthernet 0/0/0 
  
FastEthernet0/0/0 is up, line protocol is up
  Internet address is 10.1.1.254/24
  Broadcast address is 255.255.255.224
  Address determined by non-volatile memory
  MTU is 1500 bytes
  Helper address is not set
  Directed broadcast forwarding is disabled
  Multicast reserved groups joined: 224.0.0.10
  Outgoing access list is not set
  Inbound  access list is not set
  Proxy ARP is enabled
  Security level is default
  Split horizon is enabled
  ICMP redirects are always sent
  ICMP unreachables are always sent
  ICMP mask replies are never sent
  IP fast switching is enabled
  IP fast switching on the same interface is disabled
  IP Flow switching is disabled
  IP Distributed switching is disabled
  IP Feature Fast switching turbo vector
  IP Null turbo vector
  IP multicast fast switching is enabled

The following example shows that Cisco Express Forwarding switching is disabled:

Router# show cef interface fastEthernet 0/0/0
FastEthernet0/0/0 is up (if_number 3)
  Corresponding hwidb fast_if_number 3
  Corresponding hwidb firstsw->if_number 3
  Internet address is 10.1.1.254/24
  ICMP redirects are always sent
  Per packet load-sharing is disabled
  IP unicast RPF check is disabled
  Inbound access list is not set
  Outbound access list is not set
  IP policy routing is disabled
  Hardware idb is FastEthernet0/0/0
  Fast switching type 1, interface type 18
  IP CEF switching disabled
  IP Feature Fast switching turbo vector
  IP Null turbo vector
  Input fast flags 0x0, Output fast flags 0x0
  ifindex 1(1)
  Slot 0 Slot unit 0 VC -1
  Transmit limit accumulator 0x48001A02 (0x48001A02)
  IP MTU 1500

The following example shows the configuration information for FastEthernet interface 0/0/0:

Router# show running-config
.
.
!
interface FastEthernet0/0/0
 ip address 10.1.1.254 255.255.255.0
 no ip route-cache cef
 no ip route-cache distributed
!

The following example shows how to enable Cisco Express Forwarding (and to disable distributed Cisco Express Forwarding if it is enabled):

Router(config-if)# ip route-cache cef

The following example shows how to enable VIP distributed Cisco Express Forwarding and per-flow accounting on an interface (regardless of the previous switching type enabled on the interface):

Router(config)# interface e0
Router(config-if)# ip address 10.252.245.2 255.255.255.0
Router(config-if)# ip route-cache distributed
Router(config-if)# ip route-cache flow

The following example shows how to enable Cisco Express Forwarding on the router globally (which also disables distributed Cisco Express Forwarding on any interfaces that are running distributed Cisco Express Forwarding), and disable Cisco Express Forwarding (which enables process switching) on Ethernet interface 0:

Router(config)# ip cef 
Router(config)# interface e0
Router(config-if)# no ip route-cache cef

The following example shows how to enable distributed Cisco Express Forwarding operation on the router (globally), and disable Cisco Express Forwarding operation on Ethernet interface 0:

Router(config)# ip cef distributed 
Router(config)# interface e0
Router(config-if)# no ip route-cache cef

The following example shows how to reenable distributed Cisco Express Forwarding operation on Ethernet interface 0:

Router(config)# ip cef distributed 
Router(config)# interface e0
Router(config-if)# ip route-cache distributed

Examples

The following example shows how to enable fast switching and disable Cisco Express Forwarding switching:

Router(config)# interface ethernet 0/0/0
Router(config-if)# ip route-cache same-interface

The following example shows that fast switching on the same interface is enabled for interface fastethernet 0/0/0:

Router# show ip interface fastEthernet 0/0/0
  
FastEthernet0/0/0 is up, line protocol is up
  Internet address is 10.1.1.254/24
  Broadcast address is 255.255.255.224
  Address determined by non-volatile memory
  MTU is 1500 bytes
  Helper address is not set
  Directed broadcast forwarding is disabled
  Multicast reserved groups joined: 224.0.0.10
  Outgoing access list is not set
  Inbound  access list is not set
  Proxy ARP is enabled
  Security level is default
  Split horizon is enabled
  ICMP redirects are always sent
  ICMP unreachables are always sent
  ICMP mask replies are never sent
  IP fast switching is enabled
  IP fast switching on the same interface is enabled
  IP Flow switching is disabled
  IP Distributed switching is disabled
  IP Feature Fast switching turbo vector
  IP Null turbo vector
  IP multicast fast switching is enabled
  IP multicast distributed fast switching is disabled
  IP route-cache flags are Fast
  Router Discovery is disabled
  IP output packet accounting is disabled
  IP access violation accounting is disabled
  TCP/IP header compression is disabled
  RTP/IP header compression is disabled
  Probe proxy name replies are disabled
  Policy routing is disabled
  Network address translation is disabled
  WCCP Redirect outbound is disabled
  WCCP Redirect inbound is disabled
  WCCP Redirect exclude is disabled
  BGP Policy Mapping is disabled
  IP multicast multilayer switching is disabled

The following example shows the configuration information for FastEthernet interface 0/0/0:

Router# show running-config
.
.
!
interface FastEthernet0/0/0
 ip address 10.1.1.254 255.255.255.0
 ip route-cache same-interface
 no ip route-cache cef
 no ip route-cache distributed
!

Examples

The following example shows how to enable NetFlow switching:

Router(config)# interface ethernet 0/0/0
Router(config-if)# ip route-cache flow

The following example shows that NetFlow accounting is enabled for FastEthernet interface 0/0/0:

Router# show ip interface fastEthernet 0/0/0
 
FastEthernet0/0/0 is up, line protocol is up
  Internet address is 10.1.1.254/24
  Broadcast address is 255.255.255.224
  Address determined by non-volatile memory
  MTU is 1500 bytes
  Helper address is not set
  Directed broadcast forwarding is disabled
  Multicast reserved groups joined: 224.0.0.10
  Outgoing access list is not set
  Inbound  access list is not set
  Proxy ARP is enabled
  Security level is default
  Split horizon is enabled
  ICMP redirects are always sent
  ICMP unreachables are always sent
  ICMP mask replies are never sent
  IP fast switching is enabled
  IP fast switching on the same interface is disabled
  IP Flow switching is enabled
  IP Distributed switching is disabled
  IP Flow switching turbo vector
  IP Null turbo vector
  IP multicast fast switching is enabled
  IP multicast distributed fast switching is disabled
  IP route-cache flags are Fast, Flow
  Router Discovery is disabled
  IP output packet accounting is disabled
  IP access violation accounting is disabled
  TCP/IP header compression is disabled
  RTP/IP header compression is disabled
  Probe proxy name replies are disabled
  Policy routing is disabled
  Network address translation is disabled
  WCCP Redirect outbound is disabled
  WCCP Redirect inbound is disabled
  WCCP Redirect exclude is disabled
  BGP Policy Mapping is disabled
  IP multicast multilayer switching is disabled

Examples

The following example shows how to enable distributed switching:

Router(config)# ip cef distributed
Router(config)# interface ethernet 0/0/0
Router(config-if)# ip route-cache distributed

The following example shows that distributed Cisco Express Forwarding switching is for FastEthernet interface 0/0/0:

Router# show cef interface fastEthernet 0/0/0
FastEthernet0/0/0 is up (if_number 3)
  Corresponding hwidb fast_if_number 3
  Corresponding hwidb firstsw->if_number 3
  Internet address is 10.1.1.254/24
  ICMP redirects are always sent
  Per packet load-sharing is disabled
  IP unicast RPF check is disabled
  Inbound access list is not set
  Outbound access list is not set
  IP policy routing is disabled
  Hardware idb is FastEthernet0/0/0
  Fast switching type 1, interface type 18
  IP Distributed CEF switching enabled
  IP Feature Fast switching turbo vector
  IP Feature CEF switching turbo vector
  Input fast flags 0x0, Output fast flags 0x0
  ifindex 1(1)
  Slot 0 Slot unit 0 VC -1
  Transmit limit accumulator 0x48001A02 (0x48001A02)
  IP MTU 1500

Examples

The following example shows how to configure a simple policy-based routing scheme and to enable FSPBR:

Router(config)# access-list 1 permit 10.1.1.0 0.0.0.255
Router(config)# route-map mypbrtag permit 10
Router(config-route-map)# match ip address 1
Router(config-route-map)# set ip next-hop 10.1.1.195
Router(config-route-map)# exit
Router(config)# interface fastethernet 0/0/0
Router(config-if)# ip route-cache policy
Router(config-if)# ip policy route-map mypbrtag

The following example shows that FSPBR is enabled for FastEthernet interface 0/0/0:

Router# show ip interface fastEthernet 0/0/0
FastEthernet0/0/0 is up, line protocol is up
  Internet address is 10.1.1.254/24
  Broadcast address is 255.255.255.255
  Address determined by non-volatile memory
  MTU is 1500 bytes
  Helper address is not set
  Directed broadcast forwarding is disabled
  Multicast reserved groups joined: 224.0.0.10
  Outgoing access list is not set
  Inbound  access list is not set
  Proxy ARP is enabled
  Security level is default
  Split horizon is enabled
  ICMP redirects are always sent
  ICMP unreachables are always sent
  ICMP mask replies are never sent
  IP fast switching is enabled
  IP fast switching on the same interface is disabled
  IP Flow switching is disabled
  IP CEF switching is enabled
  IP Distributed switching is enabled
  IP Feature Fast switching turbo vector
  IP Feature CEF switching turbo vector
  IP multicast fast switching is enabled
  IP multicast distributed fast switching is disabled
  IP route-cache flags are Fast, Distributed, Policy, CEF
  Router Discovery is disabled
  IP output packet accounting is disabled
  IP access violation accounting is disabled
  TCP/IP header compression is disabled
  RTP/IP header compression is disabled
  Probe proxy name replies are disabled
  Policy routing is enabled, using route map my_pbr_tag
  Network address translation is disabled
  WCCP Redirect outbound is disabled
  WCCP Redirect inbound is disabled
  WCCP Redirect exclude is disabled
  BGP Policy Mapping is disabled
  IP multicast multilayer switching is disabled

Related Commands

Command

Description

exit

Leaves aggregation cache mode.

ip cef

Enables Cisco Express Forwarding on the RP card.

ip cef distributed

Enables distributed Cisco Express Forwarding operation.

ip flow ingress

Configures NetFlow on a subinterface.

set default interface

Configures a default interface for PBR.

set interface

Configures a specified interface for PBR.

set ip default next-hop

Configures a default IP next hop for PBR.

show cef interface

Displays detailed Cisco Express Forwarding information for interfaces.

show ip interface

Displays the usability status of interfaces configured for IP.

show mpoa client

Displays the routing table cache used to fast switch IP traffic.

ip source

To specify the address of a server used for static IP sessions, use the ip source command in server list configuration mode. To remove the server address, use the no form of this command.

ip source ip-address [ mac mac-address | mask subnet-mask ]

no ip source ip-address [ mac mac-address | mask subnet-mask ]

Syntax Description

ip-address

IP address of the static session server.

mac mac-address

(Optional) MAC address of the static session server.

mask subnet-mask

(Optional) Subnet mask of the static session server.

Command Default

A static session server address is not defined.

Command Modes

Server list configuration (config-server-list)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(33)SRE

This command was introduced.

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.5

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS XE Release 2.5.

Usage Guidelines

The static session source address can be specified only after creating the IP subscriber list name. The mask keyword is for routed interfaces and the mac keyword is for Layer 2-connected interfaces.

Examples

The following example shows a server source address defined for a routed interface list named routed-server-list:

Router(config)# ip subscriber list routed-server-list
Router(config-server-list)# ip source 209.165.200.225 mask 255.255.255.224

Related Commands

Command

Description

initiator

Enables ISG to create an IP subscriber session upon receipt of a specified type of packet.

ip subscriber list

Creates a subscriber list for ISG IP sessions.

ipv6 prefix

ip subscriber

To enable Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) IP subscriber support on an interface and to specify the access method that IP subscribers will use to connect to ISG on an interface, use the ip subscriber command in interface configuration mode. To disable ISG IP session support on an interface, use the no form of this command.

ip subscriber { l2-connected | routed }

no ip subscriber { l2-connected | routed }

Syntax Description

l2-connected

Subscribers are either directly connected to an ISG physical interface or connected to ISG through a Layer 2 access network.

routed

Subscriber traffic is routed through a Layer 3 access network with at least one transit router before reaching ISG.

Command Default

An IP subscriber access method is not specified.

Command Modes

Interface configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

12.2(31)SB2

The l2-connectedand routed keywords were added.

12.2(33)SRC

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRC.

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.2

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS XE Release 2.2.

Usage Guidelines

One access method may be specified on an interface at a time.

The ip subscriber command enables IP subscriber configuration mode, in which the triggers for IP session initiation can be configured.

Use the no ip subscriber command to disable IP session support on the interface. Entering the no ip subscriber command removes the commands that were entered in IP subscriber configuration submode from the configuration. It also removes the ip subscriber command from the configuration. After the no ip subscriber command has been entered, no new IP sessions will be created on the interface. IP sessions that were already created will not be brought down, but ISG will not execute any features on those sessions.


Note


For ATM interfaces, only point-to-point ATM interfaces support the ip subscriber command; it is not supported on multipoint ATM interfaces.


Examples

The following example shows how to configure ISG to create IP sessions for subscribers who connect to ISG on Gigabit Ethernet interface 0/1.401 through a Layer 2 connected access network. ISG will create IP sessions upon receipt of any frame with a valid source MAC address.

interface GigabitEthernet0/1.401
 ip subscriber l2-connected
  initiator unclassified mac-address

Related Commands

Command

Description

initiator

Enables ISG to create an IP subscriber session upon receipt of a specified type of packet.

ip subscriber interface

Creates an ISG IP interface session.

ip subscriber interface

To create an Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) IP interface session, use the ip subscriber interface command in interface configuration mode. To remove the IP interface session, use the no form of this command.

ip subscriber interface

no ip subscriber interface

Syntax Description

This command has no keywords or arguments.

Command Default

An IP interface session is not created.

Command Modes

Interface configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(31)SB2

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRC

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRC.

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.2

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS XE Release 2.2.

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.5S

This command was modified. An error displays if you try to configure this command when the service-policy input or service-policy output command is already configured on the interface.

Usage Guidelines

An IP interface session includes all IP traffic received on a specific physical or virtual interface. IP interface sessions are provisioned through the command-line interface (CLI); that is, a session is created when the IP subscriber interface command is entered, and the session is continuous, even when the interface is shut down. By default, IP interface sessions come up in the state “unauthenticated” with full network access.

When access interfaces are used to identify IP subscribers, each access interface corresponds to a single IP subscriber. As soon as the access interface becomes available, ISG creates an IP session using the interface as the key, and associates all IP traffic coming into and going out of this interface to the IP session. For interface IP sessions, ISG classifies IP traffic as follows:

  • When receiving IP traffic from the access network (upstream direction), ISG uses the input interface to retrieve the IP session.
  • When receiving IP traffic from the core network (downstream direction), ISG uses the output interface to retrieve the IP session.

IP interface sessions can be used in situations in which a subscriber is represented by an interface (with the exception of PPP) and communicates using more than one IP address. For example, a subscriber using routed bridge encapsulation (RBE) access might have a dedicated ATM virtual circuit (VC) to home customer premises equipment (CPE) that is hosting multiple PCs.


Note


The ip subscriber interface command cannot be configured if the service-policy input or service-policy output command is already configured on the interface; these commands are mutually exclusive.


Examples

The following example shows an IP interface session configured on Ethernet interface 0/0:

interface ethernet0/0
 ip subscriber interface

Related Commands

Command

Description

ip subscriber

Enables ISG IP subscriber support on an interface and specifies the access method that IP subscribers use to connect to ISG on an interface.

service-policy

Attaches a policy map to an input interface, a VC, an output interface, or a VC that will be used as the service policy for the interface or VC.

ip subscriber l2-roaming

To enable roaming on Layer 2-connected Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) IP subscriber sessions, use the ip subscriber l2-roaming command in global configuration mode. To disable Layer 2-connected ISG IP subscriber sessions, use the no form of this command.

ip subscriber l2-roaming

no ip subscriber l2-roaming

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Default

Roaming is disabled on Layer 2-connected IP subscriber sessions.

Command Modes

Global configuration (config)

Command History

Release

Modification

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.6S

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the ip subscriber l2-roaming command to enable roaming on Layer 2-connected IP subscriber sessions. When a Layer 2-connected IP subscriber tries to establish a session with an existing MAC address and a new IP address on an interface different from the one that is running the current session, ISG terminates the existing session and creates a new session with a new MAC address-IP address pair. When the subscriber tries to establish a session with an existing MAC address and a new IP address on the same interface that is running the current session, ISG blocks the new session.

Examples

The following example shows how to enable roaming on a Layer 2-connected IP subscriber session.

Device(config)# ip subscriber l2-roaming
      

ip subscriber list

To create a subscriber list for Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) IP sessions, use the ip subscriber list command in global configuration mode. To remove a subscriber list, use the no form of this command.

ip subscriber list list-name

no ip subscriber list list-name

Syntax Description

list-name

Name of the IP subscriber list.

Command Default

A subscriber list is not created.

Command Modes

Global configuration (config)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(33)SRE

This command was introduced.

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.5

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS XE Release 2.5.

Usage Guidelines

Static IP sessions are removed for all interfaces associated with the current list when you exit the ip subscriber list mode. The no ip subscriber list command is rejected if the server list is used by any other interface.

Examples

The following example shows a IP subscriber list named my-connected-server-list is created:

Router(config)# ip subscriber list my-connected-server-list

Related Commands

Command

Description

initiator

Enables ISG to create an IP subscriber session upon receipt of a specified type of packet.

ip source

Specifies the address of a server used for static IP sessions.

ipv6 prefix

Defines the IPv6 prefix for initiating ISG IPv6 subscriber sessions.

show ip subscriber

Displays information about ISG IP subscriber sessions.

clear ip subscriber

Disconnects and removes all or specified ISG IP subscriber sessions.

ip vrf autoclassify

To enable Virtual Routing and Forwarding (VRF) autoclassify on a source interface, use the ip vrf autoclassify command in interface configuration mode. To remove VRF autoclassify, use the no form of this command.

ip vrf autoclassify source

no ip vrf autoclassify source

Syntax Description

source

Specifies that the VRF classification is automatically performed based on the source.

Command Default

The VFR autoclassify functionality is disabled.

Command Modes

Interface configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(27)SBA

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The ip vrf autoclassify command enables the capability to map packets from connected hosts to VRFs that are different from the VRF defined on the ingress interface. It also enables the configuration of policies that are required for the mapping of packets to the VRFs depending on whether the source address of the packet belong to those connected routes.

The routing information can be learned dynamically or statically defined.

Examples

In the following example, the Fast Ethernet interface 0/0 is configured with two secondary addresses, 1.1.1.1/24 and 2.1.1.1/24. The first address, 1.1.1.1/24, is assigned to VRF red, while the other, 2.1.1.1/24, is assigned to VRF green. So in the VRF red table, a connected route 1.1.1.0/24 is installed, while in VRF green, 2.1.1.0/24 is installed:

interface fast ethernet0/0 
 ip address 1.1.1.1 255.255.255.0 secondary vrf red 
 ip address 2.1.1.1 255.255.255.0 secondary vrf green 
 ip vrf autoclassify source 

There is a default route in VRF red that directs all traffic to Fast Ethernet interface 1/0, while in VRF green, another default route directs all traffic to Fast Ethernet interface 1/1. When packets arrive at Fast Ethernet interface 0/0, they are mapped to either VRF red or VRF green based on their source address. If the source address is 1.1.1.2, connected route 1.1.1.0/24 is used, and the packet is mapped to VRF red. Following the default route, it is forwarded out of Fast Ethernet interface 1/0.

The return packets are mapped to the VRF configured on the downstream interface. Refer to the ip vrf forwarding command for more information in the Cisco IOS Switching Services Command Reference , Release 12.3T.

Related Commands

Command

Description

ip address

Enables the Cisco IOS software to both route and bridge a given protocol on separate interfaces within a single router.

ip vrf forwarding

Associates a VPN VRF with an interface or subinterface.

match ip source

Specifies a source IP address to match to required route maps that have been set up based on VRF connected routes.

source route-map

Defines the conditions for redistributing routes from one routing protocol into another, or to enable policy routing.

set vrf

Enables VPN VRF selection within a route map for policy-based routing VRF selection.

show ip arp

Displays the ARP cache, in which SLIP addresses appear as permanent ARP table entries.

show ip interface

Displays the usability status of interfaces configured for IP.

show route-map

Displays static and dynamic route maps.

ip vrf forwarding (service policy map)

To associate a virtual routing/forwarding instance (VRF) with an Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) service policy map, use the ipvrfforwarding command in service policy map configuration mode. To disassociate a VRF, use the no form of this command.

ip vrf forwarding vrf-name

no ip vrf forwarding vrf-name

Syntax Description

vrf-name

Associates the service with the specified VRF.

Command Default

A VRF is not specified.

Command Modes

Service policy map configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the ip vrf forwarding command to configure a network-forwarding policy for IP sessions in an ISG service policy map.

Examples

The following example shows a service policy map configured with a network-forwarding policy for IP sessions:

policy-map type service my_service
 ip vrf forwarding vrf1
      

Related Commands

Command

Description

ip route vrf

Establishes static routes for a VRF.

ip vrf

Configures a VRF routing table.

policy-map type service

Creates or modifies a service policy map, which is used to define an ISG service.

ipv6 prefix

To define the IPv6 prefix for initiating Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) IPv6 subscriber sessions, use the ipv6 prefix command in server list configuration mode. To remove the IPv6 prefix, use the no form of this command.

ipv6 prefix default length

no ipv6 prefix default length

Syntax Description

default

Specifies the default IPv6 prefix. This is the only supported option.

length

Prefix length. Range: 1 to 128.

Command Default

An IPv6 prefix is not defined.

Command Modes

Server list configuration (config-server-list)

Command History

Release

Modification

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.4S

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The ipv6 prefix command identifies the IPv6 prefix for which ISG creates an IP subscriber session after receiving the first packet with this IPv6 prefix. You define this prefix in an IP subscriber list and then specify its use with the initiator unclassified ip-address ipv6 list command. The subscriber session is identified by the IPv6 address.

To remove this prefix using the no ipv6 prefix command, you must first remove the corresponding IP subscriber list from the configuration of all interfaces that use it.

Examples

The following example shows that the default IPv6 prefix is defined for the IP subscriber list named mylist:

Router(config)# ip subscriber list mylist
Router(config-server-list)# ipv6 prefix default 64

Related Commands

Command

Description

initiator

Enables ISG to create an IP subscriber session upon receipt of a specified type of packet.

ip subscriber list

Creates a subscriber list for ISG IP sessions.

keepalive (ISG)

To enable keepalive packets and to specify their transmission attributes, use the keepalive command in service policy map configuration mode. To disable keepalive packets, use the no form of this command.

keepalive [ idle idle-seconds ] [ attempts max-retries ] [ interval retry-seconds ] [ protocol { ARP | ICMP [broadcast] } ]

no keepalive

Syntax Description

idle

(Optional) Specifies the interval a connection can remain without traffic before a keepalive packet is sent.

idle-seconds

(Optional) Maximum number of seconds that a connection can remain open with no traffic. Following the configured number of seconds without traffic, a packet is sent, to determine whether the connection should be maintained. The range and default value are platform and release-specific. For more information, use the question mark (?) online help function.

attempts

(Optional) Specifies the number of times a keepalive packet will be sent without a response before the connection is closed.

max-retries

(Optional) Maximum number of times that the ISG device will continue to send keepalive packets without response before closing the connection. The range and default value are platform and release-specific. For more information, use the question mark (?) online help function. If this value is omitted, the value that was previously set is used; if no value was specified previously, the default is used.

interval

(Optional) Specifies the time between attempts to send keepalive packets.

retry-seconds

(Optional) Number of seconds the ISG device will allow to elapse between keepalive packets. The range and default value are platform and release-specific. For more information, use the question mark (?) online help function.

protocol

(Optional) Specifies the protocol to be used for transmission of keepalive packets.

ARP

(Optional) Specifies the Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) to be used for keepalive packet inquries.

ICMP

(Optional) Specifies the Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) for keepalive packets.

broadcast

(Optional) Configures the ISG to send an ICMP broadcast packet to all IP addresses on a subnet.

Command Default

Keepalive messages are not enabled.

Command Modes

Service policy map configuration (config-service-policymap)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(33)SB

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

If you enter only the keepalive command with no keywords or arguments, default values are set. Values are platform and release-specific. For more information, use the question mark (?) online help function.

Keepalive Message Protocol

For a directly connected host, ARP must be used. When the session is established and the keepalive feature is configured to use ARP, the keepalive feature saves the ARP entry as a valid original entry for verifying future ARP responses.


Note


In cases where the access interface does not support ARP, the protocol for keepalives defaults to ICMP.


For routed hosts, you can configure ICMP as the protocol for keepalive messages. If ICMP is configured, the ICMP “hello” request is sent to the subscriber and checked for a response, until the configured maximum number of attempts is exceeded.

For IP subnet sessions, the peer (destination) IP address to be used for ICMP “hello” requests will be all the IP addresses within the subnet. This means “hello” requests will be sent sequentially (not simultaneously) to all the possible hosts within that subnet. If there is no response from any host in that subnet, the session will be disconnected.

There is an option to configure ICMP directed broadcast for keepalive requests. If the subscriber hosts recognize the IP subnet broadcast address, the ISG can send the ICMP “hello” request to the subnet broadcast address. The subscribers need not be on the same subnet as the ISG for this configuration to work. A directed broadcast keepalive request can work multiple hops away as long as the following conditions are satisfied:

  • The group of subscribers identified by the subnet must have the same subnet mask provisioned locally as the subnet provisioned on the subnet subscriber session on the ISG. Otherwise, the subscriber hosts will not recognize the subnet broadcast address.
  • The router directly connected to the hosts must enable directed-broadcast forwarding, so that the IP subnet broadcast gets translated into a Layer 2 broadcast.

When these two conditions are satisfied, you can optimize the ICMP keepalive configuration to minimize the number of ICMP packets.


Note


Because enabling directed broadcasts increases the risk of denial of service (DOS) attacks, the use of subnet directed broadcasts is not turned on by default.


Examples

The following example shows how to set the idle time to 120 seconds with 5 retry attempts at 5 second intervals using ARP protocol. Examples of both On Box and AAA Server configurations are provided:

<On Box Configuration> 
policy-map type service Keepalive
keepalive idle 120 attempts 5 interval 5 protocol ARP
<AAA Server Configuration> 
vsa cisco generic 1 string "subscriber:keepalive=idle 120 attempts 5 interval 5 protocol ARP"

key (ISG RADIUS proxy)

To configure the shared key between Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) and a RADIUS proxy client, use the key command in RADIUS proxy server configuration mode or RADIUS proxy client configuration mode. To remove this configuration, use the no form of this command.

key [ 0 | 7 ] word

no key [ 0 | 7 ] word

Syntax Description

0

(Optional) An unencrypted key will follow.

7

(Optional) A hidden key will follow.

word

Unencrypted shared key.

Command Default

A shared key is not configured.

Command Modes

RADIUS proxy server configuration
RADIUS proxy client configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(31)SB2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The shared key can be specified globally for all RADIUS proxy clients, or it can be specified per client. The per-client configuration of this command overrides the global configuration.

Examples

The following example shows the configuration of global RADIUS proxy parameters and client-specific parameters for two RADIUS proxy clients. Because a shared secret is not configured specifically for client 10.1.1.1, it will inherit the shared secret specification, which is “cisco”, from the global RADIUS proxy configuration. Client 10.2.2.2 will use “systems” as the shared secret.

aaa server radius proxy
 key cisco
 client 10.1.1.1
  accounting port 1813
  authentication port 1812
!
 client 10.2.2.2
  key systems
!

Related Commands

Command

Description

aaa server radius proxy

Enables ISG RADIUS proxy configuration mode, in which ISG RADIUS proxy parameters can be configured.

client (ISG RADIUS proxy)

Enters ISG RADIUS proxy client configuration mode, in which client-specific RADIUS proxy parameters can be specified.

length (ISG)

To specify the Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG) port-bundle length, which determines the number of bundles per group and the number of ports per bundle, use the length command in portbundle configuration mode. To return the port-bundle length to the default value, use the no form of this command.

length bits

no length bits

Syntax Description

bits

Port-bundle length, in bits. The range is from 0 to 10 bits. The default is 4 bits.

Command Default

The port-bundle length has a default value of 4 bits.

Command Modes

Portbundle configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The port-bundle length is used to determine the number of bundles in one group and the number of ports in one bundle. The number of ports in a bundle is the number of simultaneous TCP sessions that a subscriber can have. By default, the port-bundle length is 4 bits. The maximum port-bundle length is 10 bits. See the table below for available port-bundle length values and the resulting port-per-bundle and bundle-per-group values. Increasing the port-bundle length can be useful when you see frequent error messages about running out of ports in a port bundle, but note that the new value does not take effect until ISG next reloads and the portal server restarts.


Note


You must configure the same port-bundle length on both the ISG device and the portal.


Table 2 Port-Bundle Lengths and Resulting Port-per-Bundle and Bundle-per-Group Values

Port-Bundle Length (in Bits)

Number of Ports per Bundle

Number of Bundles per Group (and per-SSG Source IP Address)

0

1

64512

1

2

32256

2

4

16128

3

8

8064

4

16

4032

5

32

2016

6

64

1008

7

128

504

8

256

252

9

512

126

10

1024

63

Examples

The following example results in 64 ports per bundle and 1008 bundles per group:

ip portbundle
 length 6

Related Commands

Command

Description

ip portbundle (global)

Enters portbundle configuration mode, in which ISG port-bundle host key parameters can be configured.

show ip portbundle ip

Displays information about a particular ISG port bundle.

show ip portbundle status

Displays information about ISG port-bundle groups.

less-than

To create a condition that will evaluate true if the subscriber network access server (NAS) port identifier is less than the specified value, use the less-than command in control class-map configuration mode. To remove the condition, use the no form of this command.

less-than [not] nas-port { adapter adapter-number | channel channel-number | ipaddr ip-address | port port-number | shelf shelf-number | slot slot-number | sub-interface sub-interface-number | type interface-type | vci vci-number | vlan vlan-id | vpi vpi-number }

no less-than [not] nas-port { adapter adapter-number | channel channel-number | ipaddr ip-address | port port-number | shelf shelf-number | slot slot-number | sub-interface sub-interface-number | type interface-type | vci vci-number | vlan vlan-id | vpi vpi-number }

Syntax Description

not

(Optional) Negates the sense of the test.

nas-port

NAS port identifier.

adapter adapter-number

Interface adapter number.

channel channel-number

Interface channel number.

ipaddr ip-address

IP address.

port port-number

Port number.

shelf shelf-number

Interface shelf number.

slot slot-number

Slot number.

sub-interface sub-interface-number

Subinterface number.

type interface-type

Interface type.

vci vci-number

Virtual channel identifier (VCI).

vlan vlan-id

VLAN ID.

vpi vpi-number

Virtual path identifier.

Command Default

A condition that will evaluate true if the subscriber network access server (NAS) port identifier is less than the specified value is not created.

Command Modes

Control class-map configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The less-than command is used to configure a condition within a control class map. A control class map, which is configured with the class-map type control command, specifies conditions that must be met for a control policy to be activated, and, optionally, the event that causes the class to be evaluated. A control class map can contain multiple conditions, each of which will evaluate to either true or false. Match directives can be used to specify whether all, any, or none of the conditions must evaluate true in order for the class as whole to evaluate true.

The class type controlcommand is used to associate a control class map with a policy control map.

Examples

The following example shows a control class map that evaluates true for only a specific range of ATM permanent virtual circuit (PVC) VCIs, 101-104 inclusive:

class-map type type control match-any MY-CONDITION
 greater-than nas-port type atm vpi 200 vci 100
 less-than nas-port type atm vpi 200 vci 105

Related Commands

Command

Description

class-map type control

Creates an ISG control class map.

class type control

Specifies a control class for which actions may be configured in an ISG control policy map.

policy-map type control

Creates or modifies a control policy map, which defines an ISG control policy.

less-than-or-equal

To create a condition that will evaluate true if the subscriber network access server (NAS) port identifier is less than or equal to the specified value, use the less-than-or-equalcommand in control class-map configuration mode. To remove the condition, use the no form of this command.

less-than-or-equal [not] nas-port { adapter adapter-number | channel channel-number | ipaddr ip-address | port port-number | shelf shelf-number | slot slot-number | sub-interface sub-interface-number | type interface-type | vci vci-number | vlan vlan-id | vpi vpi-number }

no less-than-or-equal [not] nas-port { adapter adapter-number | channel channel-number | ipaddr ip-address | port port-number | shelf shelf-number | slot slot-number | sub-interface sub-interface-number | type interface-type | vci vci-number | vlan vlan-id | vpi vpi-number }

Syntax Description

not

(Optional) Negates the sense of the test.

nas-port

NAS port identifier.

adapter adapter-number

Interface adapter number.

channel channel-number

Interface channel number.

ipaddr ip-address

IP address.

port port-number

Port number.

shelf shelf-number

Interface shelf number.

slot slot-number

Slot number.

sub-interface sub-interface-number

Subinterface number.

type interface-type

Interface type.

vci vci-number

Virtual channel identifier.

vlan vlan-id

VLAN ID.

vpi vpi-number

Virtual path identifier.

Command Default

A condition that will evaluate true if the subscriber NAS port identifier is less than or equal to the specified value is not created.

Command Modes

Control class-map configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(28)SB

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The less-than-or-equal command is used to configure a condition within a control class map. A control class map, which is configured with the class-map type control command, specifies conditions that must be met for a control policy to be activated, and, optionally, the event that causes the class to be evaluated. A control class map can contain multiple conditions, each of which will evaluate to either true or false. Match directives can be used to specify whether all, any, or none of the conditions must evaluate true in order for the class as whole to evaluate true.

The class type controlcommand is used to associate a control class map with a policy control map.

Examples

The following example shows a control class map called “class3” configured with three conditions. The match-all keyword indicates that all of the conditions must evaluate true before the class evaluates true. The class type controlcommand associates “class3” with the control policy map called “rule4”.

class-map type control match-all class3
 less-than-or-equal nas-port port 1000  
!         
policy-map type control rule4
  class type control class3 event session-start
   1 authorize identifier nas-port

Related Commands

Command

Description

class-map type control

Creates an ISG control class map.

class type control

Specifies a control class for which actions may be configured in an ISG control policy map.

policy-map type control

Creates or modifies a control policy map, which defines an ISG control policy.