IP SLAs Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS Release 15M&T
Configuring IP SLAs UDP Echo Operations
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Configuring IP SLAs UDP Echo Operations

Configuring IP SLAs UDP Echo Operations

This module describes how to configure an IP Service Level Agreements (SLAs) User Datagram Protocol (UDP) Echo operation to monitor end-to-end response time between a Cisco device and devices using IPv4 or IPv6. UDP echo accuracy is enhanced by using the Cisco IP SLAs Responder at the destination Cisco device. This module also demonstrates how the results of the UDP echo operation can be displayed and analyzed to determine how a UDP application is performing.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Restrictions for IP SLAs UDP Echo Operations

We recommend using a Cisco networking device as the destination device, although any networking device that supports RFC 862, Echo Protocol , can be used.

Information About IP SLAs UDP Echo Operations

UDP Echo Operation

The UDP echo operation measures end-to-end response time between a Cisco device and devices using IP. UDP is a transport layer (Layer 4) Internet protocol that is used for many IP services. UDP echo is used to measure response times and test end-to-end connectivity.

In the figure below Device A has been configured as an IP SLAs Responder and Device B is configured as the source IP SLAs device.

Figure 1. UDP Echo Operation

Response time (round-trip time) is computed by measuring the time taken between sending a UDP echo request message from Device B to the destination device--Device A--and receiving a UDP echo reply from Device A. UDP echo accuracy is enhanced by using the IP SLAs Responder at Device A, the destination Cisco device. If the destination device is a Cisco device, then IP SLAs sends a UDP datagram to any port number that you specified. Using the IP SLAs Responder is optional for a UDP echo operation when using Cisco devices. The IP SLAs Responder cannot be configured on non-Cisco devices.

The results of a UDP echo operation can be useful in troubleshooting issues with business-critical applications by determining the round-trip delay times and testing connectivity to both Cisco and non-Cisco devices.

How to Configure IP SLAs UDP Echo Operations

Configuring the IP SLAs Responder on a Destination Device


Note


A responder should not configure a permanent port for a sender. If the responder configures a permanent port for a sender, even if the packets are successfully sent (no timeout or packet-loss issues), the jitter value is zero.


SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    Enter one of the following commands:

    • ip sla responder
    • ip sla responder udp-echo ipaddress ip-address port port

    4.    end


DETAILED STEPS
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Device> enable
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.
     
    Step 2 configure terminal


    Example:
    Device# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3Enter one of the following commands:
    • ip sla responder
    • ip sla responder udp-echo ipaddress ip-address port port


    Example:
    Device(config)# ip sla responder
    Device(config)# ip sla responder udp-echo ipaddress 192.0.2.132 port 5000
     

    (Optional) Temporarily enables IP SLAs responder functionality on a Cisco device in response to control messages from the source.

    (Optional; required only if protocol control is disabled on the source.) Enables IP SLAs responder functionality on the specified IP address and port.
    • Protocol control is enabled by default.
     
    Step 4 end


    Example:
    Device(config)# end
     

    Exits global configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

     

    Configuring a UDP Echo Operation on the Source Device

    Perform only one of the following tasks:

    Configuring a Basic UDP Echo Operation on the Source Device

    Before You Begin

    If you are using the IP SLAs Responder, ensure that you have completed the "Configuring the IP SLAs Responder on the Destination Device" section before you start this task.

    SUMMARY STEPS

      1.    enable

      2.    configure terminal

      3.    ip sla operation-number

      4.    udp-echo {destination-ip-address | destination-hostname} destination-port [source-ip {ip-address | hostname} source-port port-number] [control {enable | disable}]

      5.    frequency seconds

      6.    end


    DETAILED STEPS
       Command or ActionPurpose
      Step 1 enable


      Example:
      Device> enable
       

      Enables privileged EXEC mode.

      • Enter your password if prompted.
       
      Step 2 configure terminal


      Example:
      Device# configure terminal
       

      Enters global configuration mode.

       
      Step 3 ip sla operation-number


      Example:
      Device(config)# ip sla 10
       

      Begins configuration for an IP SLAs operation and enters IP SLA configuration mode.

       
      Step 4 udp-echo {destination-ip-address | destination-hostname} destination-port [source-ip {ip-address | hostname} source-port port-number] [control {enable | disable}]


      Example:
      Device(config-ip-sla)# udp-echo 172.29.139.134 5000
       

      Defines a UDP echo operation and enters IP SLA UDP configuration mode.

      • Use the control disable keyword combination only if you disable the IP SLAs control protocol on both the source and target devices.
       
      Step 5 frequency seconds


      Example:
      Device(config-ip-sla-udp)# frequency 30
       

      (Optional) Sets the rate at which a specified IP SLAs operation repeats.

       
      Step 6 end


      Example:
      Device(config-ip-sla-udp)# end 
       

      Returns to prileged EXEC mode.

       
      What to Do Next

      To add proactive threshold conditions and reactive triggering for generating traps, or for starting another operation, to an IP SLAs operation, see the "Configuring Proactive Threshold Monitoring" section.

      Configuring a UDP Echo Operation with Optional Parameters on the Source Device

      Before You Begin

      If you are using an IP SLAs Responder in this operation, the responder must be configured on the destination device. See the "Configuring the IP SLAs Responder on the Destination Device."

      SUMMARY STEPS

        1.    enable

        2.    configure terminal

        3.    ip sla operation-number

        4.    udp-echo {destination-ip-address | destination-hostname} destination-port [source-ip {ip-address | hostname} source-port port-number] [control {enable | disable}]

        5.    history buckets-kept size

        6.    data-pattern hex-pattern

        7.    history distributions-of-statistics-kept size

        8.    history enhanced [interval seconds] [buckets number-of-buckets]

        9.    history filter {none | all | overThreshold | failures}

        10.    frequency seconds

        11.    history hours-of-statistics-kept hours

        12.    history lives-kept lives

        13.    owner owner-id

        14.    request-data-size bytes

        15.    history statistics-distribution-interval milliseconds

        16.    tag text

        17.    threshold milliseconds

        18.    timeout milliseconds

        19.    Do one of the following:

        • tos number
        • traffic-class number

        20.    flow-label number

        21.    verify-data

        22.    exit


      DETAILED STEPS
         Command or ActionPurpose
        Step 1 enable


        Example:
        Device> enable
         

        Enables privileged EXEC mode.

        • Enter your password if prompted.
         
        Step 2 configure terminal


        Example:
        Device# configure terminal
         

        Enters global configuration mode.

         
        Step 3 ip sla operation-number


        Example:
        Device(config)# ip sla 10
         

        Begins configuration for an IP SLAs operation and enters IP SLA configuration mode.

         
        Step 4 udp-echo {destination-ip-address | destination-hostname} destination-port [source-ip {ip-address | hostname} source-port port-number] [control {enable | disable}]


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla)# udp-echo 172.29.139.134 5000
         

        Defines a UDP echo operation and enters IP SLA UDP configuration mode.

        • Use the control disable keyword combination only if you disable the IP SLAs control protocol on both the source and target devices.
         
        Step 5 history buckets-kept size


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-udp)# history buckets-kept 25
         

        (Optional) Sets the number of history buckets that are kept during the lifetime of an IP SLAs operation.

         
        Step 6 data-pattern hex-pattern


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-udp)# data-pattern 
         

        (Optional) Specifies the data pattern in an IP SLAs operation to test for data corruption.

         
        Step 7 history distributions-of-statistics-kept size


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-udp)# history distributions-of-statistics-kept 5
         

        (Optional) Sets the number of statistics distributions kept per hop during an IP SLAs operation.

         
        Step 8 history enhanced [interval seconds] [buckets number-of-buckets]


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-udp)# history enhanced interval 900 buckets 100
         

        (Optional) Enables enhanced history gathering for an IP SLAs operation.

         
        Step 9 history filter {none | all | overThreshold | failures}


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-udp)# history filter failures
         

        (Optional) Defines the type of information kept in the history table for an IP SLAs operation.

         
        Step 10 frequency seconds


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-udp)# frequency 30
         

        (Optional) Sets the rate at which a specified IP SLAs operation repeats.

         
        Step 11 history hours-of-statistics-kept hours


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-udp)# history hours-of-statistics-kept 4
         

        (Optional) Sets the number of hours for which statistics are maintained for an IP SLAs operation.

         
        Step 12 history lives-kept lives


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-udp)# history lives-kept 5
         

        (Optional) Sets the number of lives maintained in the history table for an IP SLAs operation.

         
        Step 13 owner owner-id


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-udp)# owner admin 
         

        (Optional) Configures the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) owner of an IP SLAs operation.

         
        Step 14 request-data-size bytes


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-udp)# request-data-size 64 
         

        (Optional) Sets the protocol data size in the payload of an IP SLAs operation's request packet.

         
        Step 15 history statistics-distribution-interval milliseconds


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-udp)# history statistics-distribution-interval 10
         

        (Optional) Sets the time interval for each statistics distribution kept for an IP SLAs operation.

         
        Step 16 tag text


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-udp)# tag TelnetPollServer1 
         

        (Optional) Creates a user-specified identifier for an IP SLAs operation.

         
        Step 17 threshold milliseconds


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-udp)# threshold 10000
         

        (Optional) Sets the upper threshold value for calculating network monitoring statistics created by an IP SLAs operation.

         
        Step 18 timeout milliseconds


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-udp)# timeout 10000 
         

        (Optional) Sets the amount of time an IP SLAs operation waits for a response from its request packet.

         
        Step 19Do one of the following:
        • tos number
        • traffic-class number


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-jitter)# tos 160 


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-jitter)# traffic-class 160
         

        (Optional) In an IPv4 network only, defines the ToS byte in the IPv4 header of an IP SLAs operation.

        or

        (Optional) In an IPv6 network only, defines the traffic class byte in the IPv6 header for a supported IP SLAs operation.

         
        Step 20 flow-label number


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-udp)# flow-label 112233 
         

        (Optional) In an IPv6 network only, defines the flow label field in the IPv6 header for a supported IP SLAs operation.

         
        Step 21 verify-data


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-udp)# verify-data
         

        (Optional) Causes an IP SLAs operation to check each reply packet for data corruption.

         
        Step 22 exit


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-udp)# exit
         

        Exits UDP configuration submode and returns to global configuration mode.

         
        What to Do Next

        To add proactive threshold conditions and reactive triggering for generating traps, or for starting another operation, to an IP SLAs operation, see the "Configuring Proactive Threshold Monitoring" section.

        Scheduling IP SLAs Operations

        Before You Begin
        • All IP Service Level Agreements (SLAs) operations to be scheduled must be already configured.
        • The frequency of all operations scheduled in a multioperation group must be the same.
        • The list of one or more operation ID numbers to be added to a multioperation group must be limited to a maximum of 125 characters in length, including commas (,).
        SUMMARY STEPS

          1.    enable

          2.    configure terminal

          3.    Enter one of the following commands:

          • ip sla schedule operation-number [life {forever | seconds}] [start-time {[hh:mm:ss] [month day | day month] | pending | now | after hh:mm:ss}] [ageout seconds] [recurring]
          • ip sla group schedule group-operation-number operation-id-numbers {schedule-period schedule-period-range | schedule-together} [ageout seconds] [frequency group-operation-frequency] [life {forever | seconds}] [start-time {hh:mm [:ss] [month day | day month] | pending | now | after hh:mm [:ss]}]

          4.    end

          5.    show ip sla group schedule

          6.    show ip sla configuration


        DETAILED STEPS
           Command or ActionPurpose
          Step 1 enable


          Example:
          Device> enable
           

          Enables privileged EXEC mode.

          • Enter your password if prompted.
           
          Step 2 configure terminal


          Example:
          Device# configure terminal
           

          Enters global configuration mode.

           
          Step 3 Enter one of the following commands:
          • ip sla schedule operation-number [life {forever | seconds}] [start-time {[hh:mm:ss] [month day | day month] | pending | now | after hh:mm:ss}] [ageout seconds] [recurring]
          • ip sla group schedule group-operation-number operation-id-numbers {schedule-period schedule-period-range | schedule-together} [ageout seconds] [frequency group-operation-frequency] [life {forever | seconds}] [start-time {hh:mm [:ss] [month day | day month] | pending | now | after hh:mm [:ss]}]


          Example:
          Device(config)# ip sla schedule 10 life forever start-time now
          Device(config)# ip sla schedule 10 schedule-period frequency
          Device(config)# ip sla group schedule 1 3,4,6-9 life forever start-time now 
          Device(config)# ip sla schedule 1 3,4,6-9 schedule-period 50 frequency range 80-100
           
          • Configures the scheduling parameters for an individual IP SLAs operation.
          • Specifies an IP SLAs operation group number and the range of operation numbers for a multioperation scheduler.
           
          Step 4 end


          Example:
          Device(config)# end
           

          Exits global configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

           
          Step 5 show ip sla group schedule


          Example:
          Device# show ip sla group schedule
           

          (Optional) Displays IP SLAs group schedule details.

           
          Step 6 show ip sla configuration


          Example:
          Device# show ip sla configuration
           

          (Optional) Displays IP SLAs configuration details.

           

          Troubleshooting Tips

          • If the IP Service Level Agreements (SLAs) operation is not running and not generating statistics, add the verify-data command to the configuration (while configuring in IP SLA configuration mode) to enable data verification. When data verification is enabled, each operation response is checked for corruption. Use the verify-data command with caution during normal operations because it generates unnecessary overhead.
          • Use the debug ip sla trace and debug ip sla error commands to help troubleshoot issues with an IP SLAs operation.

          What to Do Next

          To add proactive threshold conditions and reactive triggering for generating traps (or for starting another operation) to an IP Service Level Agreements (SLAs) operation, see the “Configuring Proactive Threshold Monitoring” section.

          Configuration Examples for IP SLAs UDP Echo Operations

          Example Configuring a UDP Echo Operation

          The following example configures an IP SLAs operation type of UDP echo that will start immediately and run indefinitely.

          ip sla 5
           udp-echo 172.29.139.134 5000
           frequency 30
           request-data-size 160
           tos 128
           timeout 1000
           tag FLL-RO
          ip sla schedule 5 life forever start-time now

          Additional References

          Related Documents

          Related Topic

          Document Title

          Cisco IOS commands

          Cisco IOS Master Commands List, All Releases

          Cisco IOS IP SLAs commands

          Cisco IOS IP SLAs Command Reference

          Standards and RFCs

          Standard/RFC

          Title

          RFC 862

          Echo Protocol

          MIBs

          MIBs

          MIBs Link

          CISCO-RTTMON-MIB

          To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

          http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​go/​mibs

          Technical Assistance

          Description

          Link

          The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

          http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​cisco/​web/​support/​index.html

          Feature Information for the IP SLAs UDP Echo Operation

          The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

          Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

          Table 1 Feature Information for the IP SLAs UDP Echo Operation

          Feature Name

          Releases

          Feature Information

          IP SLAs - UDP Echo Operation

          The Cisco IOS IP SLAs User Datagram Protocol (UDP) jitter operation allows you to measure round-trip delay, one-way delay, one-way jitter, one-way packet loss, and connectivity in networks that carry UDP traffic.

          IPv6 - IP SLAs (UDP Jitter, UDP Echo, ICMP Echo, TCP Connect)

          Support was added for operability in IPv6 networks.