IP SLAs Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS Release 15M&T
IP SLA - Support for OnDemand UDP Probes
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IP SLA - Support for OnDemand UDP Probes

IP SLA - Support for OnDemand UDP Probes

This module describes how to configure an IP Service Level Agreements (SLAs) User Datagram Protocol (UDP) probe to enable real-time network troubleshooting for users without configuration privileges. This feature supports on-demand UDP operations that can be run by issuing a single command in privileged EXEC mode.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Information About IP SLA - Support for OnDemand UDP Probes

OnDemand UDP Probes

A single command in privileged EXEC mode can be used to specify frame size, interval, frequency, and duration for an on-demand IP Service Level Agreements (SLAs) User Datagram Protocol (UDP) operation. Configuring the command creates two IP SLAs operations. The first operation is a generic IP SLA operation that acts as a shell to handle events, timers, and the parser action functions. The generic operation exists for the single run of the exec command. A second temporary operation is created of the type requested by the user. The second operation performs the packet generation and statistic calculations. When the second operation is finished running, it sends an event to the generic operation. The generic operation then calls the print functions of the second operation. After the statistics are displayed, or after either a timeout occurs or the user issues a clear command, both operations are deleted.

How to Configure IP SLA - Support for OnDemand UDP Probes

Configuring an IP SLAs Responder on the Destination Device

Before You Begin

The networking device to be used as the responder must be a Cisco device and you must have connectivity to that device through the network.

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    ip sla responder

    4.    exit


DETAILED STEPS
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Device> enable
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.
     
    Step 2 configure terminal


    Example:
    Device# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3 ip sla responder


    Example:
    Device(config)# ip sla responder
     

    Temporarily enables IP SLAs responder functionality on a Cisco device in response to control messages from the source.

    • Control is enabled by default.
     
    Step 4 exit


    Example:
    Device(config)# exit
     

    (Optional) Exits global configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

     

    Configuring an OnDemand UDP Probe

    Before You Begin

    An IP SLAs responder must be configured on the destination device.

    SUMMARY STEPS

      1.    enable

      2.    configure terminal

      3.    ip sla udp-jitter {destination-ip-address | destination-hostname} destination-port [interval number] [num-packets packet-number] [optimize timestamp] [precision {microseconds | milliseconds}] [source-ip {ip-address | hostname}] [source-port source-port] [tos number | traffic-class number] [vrf vrf-name]


    DETAILED STEPS
       Command or ActionPurpose
      Step 1 enable


      Example:
      Device> enable
       
      Enables privileged EXEC mode.
      • Enter your password if prompted.
       
      Step 2 configure terminal


      Example:
      Device# configure terminal
       

      Enters global configuration mode.

       
      Step 3 ip sla udp-jitter {destination-ip-address | destination-hostname} destination-port [interval number] [num-packets packet-number] [optimize timestamp] [precision {microseconds | milliseconds}] [source-ip {ip-address | hostname}] [source-port source-port] [tos number | traffic-class number] [vrf vrf-name]


      Example:
      Device(config)# ip sla udp-jitter 2001:DB8:1::1 1000 num-packets 6000
      Device(config)# ip sla udp-jitter 192.168.2.1 5001 num-packets 6000 
       
      Creates and starts an on-demand UDP jitter operation.
      Note   

      This step includes sample commands using IPv4 and IPv6 destination IP addresses.

       

      Configuring an OnDemand UDP Probe for VoIP

      Before You Begin

      An IP SLAs responder must be configured on the destination device.

      SUMMARY STEPS

        1.    enable

        2.    configure terminal

        3.    ip sla udp-jitter {destination-ip-address | destination-hostname} destination-port codec codec-type [advantage-factor value] [codec-interval milliseconds] [codec-numpackets packet-number] [codec-size number-of-bytes] [optimize timestamp] [precision {microseconds | milliseconds}] [source-ip {ip-address | hostname}] [source-port source-port] [tos number | traffic-class number] [vrf vrf-name]


      DETAILED STEPS
         Command or ActionPurpose
        Step 1 enable


        Example:
        Device> enable
         
        Enables privileged EXEC mode.
        • Enter your password if prompted.
         
        Step 2 configure terminal


        Example:
        Device# configure terminal
         

        Enters global configuration mode.

         
        Step 3 ip sla udp-jitter {destination-ip-address | destination-hostname} destination-port codec codec-type [advantage-factor value] [codec-interval milliseconds] [codec-numpackets packet-number] [codec-size number-of-bytes] [optimize timestamp] [precision {microseconds | milliseconds}] [source-ip {ip-address | hostname}] [source-port source-port] [tos number | traffic-class number] [vrf vrf-name]


        Example:
        Device(config)# ip sla udp-jitter 2001:DB8:1::1 1000 codec g711ulaw 
        Device(config)# ip sla udp-jitter 192.168.2.1 1000 codec g711ulaw 
         
        Creates and starts an on-demand UDP-based VoIP operation.
        Note   

        This step includes sample commands using IPv4 and IPv6 destination IP addresses.

         

        Configuring an OnDemand UDP Echo Probe

        Before You Begin

        An IP SLAs responder is optional for an on-demand UDP echo operation. We recommend using a Cisco networking device as the destination device, although any networking device that supports RFC 862, Echo Protocol, can be used.

        SUMMARY STEPS

          1.    enable

          2.    configure terminal

          3.    ip sla udp-echo {destination-ip-address | destination-hostname} destination-port [flow-label number] [ source-ip {ip-address | hostname}] [source-port source-port] [tos number | traffic-class number] [vrf vrf-name]


        DETAILED STEPS
           Command or ActionPurpose
          Step 1 enable


          Example:
          Device> enable
           
          Enables privileged EXEC mode.
          • Enter your password if prompted.
           
          Step 2 configure terminal


          Example:
          Device# configure terminal
           

          Enters global configuration mode.

           
          Step 3 ip sla udp-echo {destination-ip-address | destination-hostname} destination-port [flow-label number] [ source-ip {ip-address | hostname}] [source-port source-port] [tos number | traffic-class number] [vrf vrf-name]


          Example:
          Device(config)# ip sla udp-echo 2001:DB8:1::1 1000
          Device(config)# ip sla udp-echo 192.168.2.1 1000
           
          Creates and starts an on-demand UDP echo operation.
          Note   

          This step includes sample commands using IPv4 and IPv6 destination IP addresses.

           

          Configuration Examples for IP SLA - Support for OnDemand UDP Probes

          Example: OnDemand UDP Jitter Probe

          Issuing the ip-sla udp jitter command creates a temporary operation that performs packet generation and statistic calculations. After the statistics are displayed, the operation is deleted.

          Device# ip sla udp-jitter 192.168.2.1 5001 num-packets 6000 
          
          Type of operation: udp-jitter
                  Latest RTT: 1 milliseconds
          Latest operation start time: 11:21:55 PDT Thu May 10 2012 Latest operation return code: OK RTT Values:
                  Number Of RTT: 6000             RTT Min/Avg/Max: 1/1/2 milliseconds
          Latency one-way time:
                  Number of Latency one-way Samples: 6000
                  Source to Destination Latency one way Min/Avg/Max: 1/0/2 milliseconds
                  Destination to Source Latency one way Min/Avg/Max: 0/0/1 milliseconds Jitter Time:
                  Number of SD Jitter Samples: 5999
                  Number of DS Jitter Samples: 5999
                  Source to Destination Jitter Min/Avg/Max: 0/1/1 milliseconds
                  Destination to Source Jitter Min/Avg/Max: 0/1/1 milliseconds Packet Loss Values:
                  Loss Source to Destination: 0
                  Source to Destination Loss Periods Number: 0
                  Source to Destination Loss Period Length Min/Max: 0/0
                  Source to Destination Inter Loss Period Length Min/Max: 0/0
                  Loss Destination to Source: 0
                  Destination to Source Loss Periods Number: 0
                  Destination to Source Loss Period Length Min/Max: 0/0
                  Destination to Source Inter Loss Period Length Min/Max: 0/0
                  Out Of Sequence: 0      Tail Drop: 0
                  Packet Late Arrival: 0  Packet Skipped: 0 Voice Score Values:
                  Calculated Planning Impairment Factor (ICPIF): 0
                  Mean Opinion Score (MOS): 0
          Number of successes: 1
          Number of failures: 0
          

          Additional References for IP SLA - Support for OnDemand UDP Probes

          Related Documents

          Related Topic

          Document Title

          Cisco IOS commands

          Cisco IOS Master Command List, All Releases

          IP SLAs commands

          Cisco IOS IP SLAs Command Reference

          Standards and RFCs

          Standard/RFC

          Title

          RFC 862

          Echo Protocol

          MIBs

          MIB

          MIBs Link

          • CISCO-RTTMON-MIB
          • IPV6-FLOW-LABEL-MIB

          To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco software releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

          http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​go/​mibs

          Technical Assistance

          Description

          Link

          The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

          http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​cisco/​web/​support/​index.html

          Feature Information for IP SLA - Support for OnDemand UDP Probes

          The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

          Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

          Table 1 Feature Information for IP SLA - Support for OnDemand UDP Probes

          Feature Name

          Releases

          Feature Information

          IP SLA - Support for OnDemand UDP Probes

          15.3(1)T

          Enables users without configuration privileges to create and run an IP Service Level Agreements (SLAs) User Datagram Protocol (UDP) probe for real-time network troubleshooting.

          The following commands were introduced or modified: ip sla udp-echo, ip sla udp-jitter, ip sla udp-jitter codec.