Interface and Hardware Component Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS Release 15S
Network Analysis Module (NM-NAM)
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Network Analysis Module (NM-NAM)

Contents

Network Analysis Module (NM-NAM)

The Network Analysis Module (NM-NAM) feature is a network module that monitors and analyzes network traffic for a system using extended Remote Monitoring (RMON) standards, RMON2, and other Management Information Bases (MIBs).


Note


The Network Analysis Module (NAM) is available in multiple hardware forms for some Cisco routers and Catalyst switches. This document applies only to the NAM for branch routers, also known as modular access, multiservice, or integrated services routersNAM provides Layer 2 to Layer 7 visibility into network traffic for remote troubleshooting, real-time traffic analysis, application performance monitoring, capacity planning, and managing network-based services, including quality of service (QoS) and Voice over IP (VoIP). The NAM Traffic Analyzer is software that is embedded in the NM-NAM that gives you browser-based access to the RMON1, RMON2, DSMON, and voice monitoring features of the NAM.


Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Prerequisites for the Network Analysis Module (NM-NAM)

Restrictions for the Network Analysis Module (NM-NAM)

General Restrictions

  • Cisco IOS Release 12.3(4)XD, Cisco IOS Release 12.3(7)T, or a later release is required.

  • Network Analysis Module Release 3.2 or a later release is required.

  • Only one NM-NAM can be installed in the router at any time.

  • SNMPv3 is not supported.

  • Online insertion and removal (OIR), or hot swapping network modules, is supported on some platforms.

Traffic Monitoring Restrictions for the Internal NAM Interface

The following restrictions apply only to traffic that is monitored through the internal NAM interface:

  • Only IP traffic can be monitored.

  • The NAM Traffic Analyzer (web GUI) provides Layer 3 and higher layer information about the original packets. The Layer 2 header is modified by the router when it forwards the packets to the NAM, so the Layer 2 information that the NAM records is not applicable to the original packets.

  • When Network Address Translation (NAT) is used, the router forwards packets containing the NAT "inside" network addresses to the NAM.

  • When access control lists are used:
    • Packets dropped by an inbound access list are not forwarded to the NAM.
    • Packets dropped by an outbound access list are forwarded to the NAM for analysis.
  • The NAM does not monitor the following:
    • Packets that are dropped by the Cisco IOS because of errors
    • Outbound IP multicast, IP broadcast, and User Datagram Protocol (UDP) flooding packets
    • Packets in generic routing encapsulation (GRE) tunnels

Information About the Network Analysis Module (NM-NAM)


Note


For NM-NAM features and benefits, supported hardware and software, and other product information, refer to the Cisco Branch Router Network Analysis Module Data Sheet .


NM-NAM Hardware

For information on hardware installation and cable connections, refer to the Cisco Network Modules Hardware Installation Guide.

Specifications

Table 1 NM-NAM Specifications

Specification

Description

Processor

500 Mhz Intel Mobile Pentium III

SDRAM

256 MB

Internal disk storage

NM-NAM 20 GB IDE

Dimensions (H x W x D)

1.55 x 7.10 x 7.2 in. (3.9 x 18.0 x 19.3 cm)

Weight

1.5 lb (0.7 kg) (maximum)

Operating temperature

3˚ to 104˚F (0˚ to 40˚C)

Nonoperating temperature

-40˚ to 185˚F (-40˚ to 85˚C)

Humidity

5 to 95% noncondensing

Operating altitude

0 to 10,000 ft (0 to 3,000 m)

Faceplate and LEDs

Figure 1. NM-NAM Faceplate and LEDs

Callout

LED

Indicates

1

DISK

There is activity on the hard drive.

2

LINK

The Fast Ethernet connection is available to the network module.

3

ACT

There is activity on the Fast Ethernet connection.

4

PWR

Power is available to the network module.

5

EN

The module has passed self-test and is available to the router.

NAM User Interface

The NAM has three interfaces;

  • Web GUI—The NAM Traffic Analyzer provides a browser-based GUI to configure and monitor the NAM.

  • CLI—A NAM-specific CLI is used to configure the NAM. It can be accessed through a NAM console session from the router or through Telnet or Secure Shell Protocol (SSH) over the network.

  • SNMP—The NAM supports SNMPv1 and SNMPv2 access to the SNMP agent in the router. The agents use different IP addresses and have independent communities.

NAM Network Interfaces

The NAM uses three interfaces for communication (see the figure below):


Note


The NM-NAM does not have an external console port. To access the NAM console, open a NAM console session from the router or use Telnet or SSH over the network. The lack of an external console port on the NM-NAM means that the initial boot configuration is possible only through the router.


Figure 2. NAM Network Interfaces

Callout

Interface

Location

Configure and Manage From

1

Internal NAM interface

NM-NAM internal

NAM CLI

2

Analysis-Module interface

Router internal

Cisco IOS CLI

3

External NAM interface

NM-NAM faceplate

NAM CLI

Analysis-Module Interface

The Analysis-Module interface is used to access the NAM console for the initial configuration. After configuring the NAM IP parameters, the Analysis-Module interface is typically used only during NAM software upgrades and while troubleshooting if the NAM Traffic Analyzer is inaccessible.

Visible only to the Cisco IOS software on the router, the Analysis-Module interface is an internal Fast Ethernet interface on the router that connects to the internal NAM interface. The Analysis-Module interface is connected to the router’s Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) backplane, and all configuration and management of the Analysis-Module interface must be performed from the Cisco IOS CLI.

Internal NAM Interface

The internal NAM interface is used for monitoring traffic that passes through router interfaces. You can also select the internal NAM interface as the management interface for the NAM.

Visible only to the NAM software on the NM-NAM, the internal NAM interface is the Fast Ethernet interface on the NM-NAM that connects to the Analysis-Module interface on the router. The internal NAM interface is connected to the PCI bus on the NM-NAM, and all configuration and management of the internal NAM interface must be performed from the NAM software.

External NAM Interface

The external NAM interface can be used to monitor LAN traffic. You can also select the external NAM interface as the management interface for the NAM.

Visible only to the NAM software on the NM-NAM, the external NAM interface is the Fast Ethernet interface on the NM-NAM faceplate (see the first figure above). The external NAM interface supports data requests and data transfers from outside sources, and it provides direct connectivity to the LAN through an RJ-45 connector. All configuration and management of the external NAM interface must be performed from the NAM software.

NM-NAM Operating Topologies and IP Address Assignments

Management Traffic--Choose One of the NM-NAM Interfaces

Select either the internal or external NAM interface to handle management traffic such as IP, HTTP, SNMP, Telnet, and SSH. You cannot send management traffic through both NAM interfaces at the same time.

How you assign IP addresses on the NAM network interfaces depends on which NAM interface, internal or external, you use for management traffic. See the following sections:

Internal NAM Interface for Management Traffic--How to Assign IP Addresses

If you select the internal NAM interface to handle management traffic:

  • For the Analysis-Module interface (in Cisco IOS CLI), assign an IP address from a routable subnet. To conserve IP address space, you can configure the Analysis-Module as an IP unnumbered interface and borrow the IP address of another router interface, such as a Fast Ethernet or loopback interface. The borrowed IP address must come from a routable subnet.

  • For the NAM system (in NAM CLI), assign an IP address from the same subnet that is assigned to the Analysis-Module interface.

External NAM Interface for Management Traffic--How to Assign IP Addresses

If you select the external NAM interface to handle management traffic:

  • For the Analysis-Module interface (in Cisco IOS CLI), we recommend that you use the IP unnumbered interface configuration to borrow the IP address of another router interface. The subnet does not need to be routable.

  • For the NAM system (in NAM CLI), assign an IP address from the subnet that is connected to the external NAM interface.

Monitored Traffic--Use One or Both of the NM-NAM Interfaces

You can use either or both the internal and external NAM interfaces for monitoring traffic:

The same interface can be used for both management traffic and monitored traffic simultaneously.

Internal NAM Interface--Monitor LAN and WAN Traffic

When you monitor traffic through the internal NAM interface, you must enable NAM packet monitoring on each router interface that you want to monitor. NAM packet monitoring uses Cisco Express Forwarding (CEF) to send a copy of each packet that is received or sent out of the router interface to the NAM.


Note


Some restrictions apply when monitoring traffic through the internal NAM interface. See the "Traffic Monitoring Restrictions for the Internal NAM Interface" section.


Monitoring traffic through the internal NAM interface enables the NAM to see any encrypted traffic after it has already been decrypted by the router.


Note


Traffic sent through the internal NAM interface--and the router’s Analysis-Module interface--uses router resources such as CPU, SDRAM bandwidth, and backplane PCI bandwidth. Therefore, we recommend that you use the internal NAM interface to monitor WAN interfaces, and use the external NAM interface to monitor LAN interfaces.


External NAM Interface--Monitor LAN Traffic

Monitoring traffic through the external NAM interface does not impact router resources. Therefore, we recommend that you use the external NAM interface to monitor LAN traffic.

To monitor ports on Ethernet switching cards or modules (NM-16ESW-x , NMD-36ESW-x , HWIC-4ESW, or HWIC-D-9ESW), configure a Switched Port Analyzer (SPAN) session whose destination is the Ethernet switch port that connects to the external NAM interface. For more information about configuring SPAN for these cards and modules, refer to the following documents:

Sample Operating Topologies

In each of the following topologies, the router’s LAN interface is monitored through the external NAM interface, and the router’s WAN interface is monitored through the internal NAM interface:

To see sample configurations for the following topologies, see the Configuration Examples for the Network Analysis Module (NM-NAM).

NAM Management Interface Is Internal and Analysis-Module Interface Is Assigned an IP Address

The figure below shows a sample topology, in which:

  • The internal NAM interface is used for management traffic.

  • IP addresses from the same routable subnet are assigned to the Analysis-Module interface and the NAM system.

Figure 3. Sample Topology: NAM Management Interface Is Internal and Analysis-Module Interface Is Assigned an IP Address

Callout

Interface

Location

1

Analysis-Module interface

Router internal

2

Internal NAM interface (management)

NM-NAM internal

3

External NAM interface

NM-NAM faceplate

4

Serial interface

WAN interface card (WIC)

5

Fast Ethernet interface

Router rear panel

NAM Management Interface Is Internal and Analysis-Module Interface Is IP Unnumbered

The figure below shows a sample topology, in which:

  • The internal NAM interface is used for management traffic.

  • IP addresses from the same routable subnet are assigned to the Analysis-Module interface and the NAM system.

  • To conserve IP address space, the Analysis-Module interface is configured as IP unnumbered to borrow the IP address of the Fast Ethernet interface.

Figure 4. Sample Topology: NAM Management Interface Is Internal and Analysis-Module Interface Is IP Unnumbered

Callout

Interface

Location

1

Analysis-Module interface

Router internal

2

Internal NAM interface (management)

NM-NAM internal

3

External NAM interface

NM-NAM faceplate

4

Serial interface

WAN interface card (WIC)

5

Fast Ethernet interface

Router rear panel

NAM Management Interface Is External and Analysis-Module Interface Is IP Unnumbered

The figure below shows a sample topology where:

  • The external NAM interface is used for management traffic.

  • The Analysis-Module interface is configured as IP unnumbered to borrow an IP address from the loopback interface.

  • The borrowed loopback interface IP address is not routable.

  • The NAM system is configured with an IP address from the LAN subnet that is connected to the external NAM interface.

Figure 5. Sample Topology: NAM Management Interface Is External and Analysis-Module Interface Is IP Unnumbered

Callout

Interface

Location

1

Analysis-Module interface

Router internal

2

Internal NAM interface

NM-NAM internal

3

External NAM interface (management)

NM-NAM faceplate

4

Loopback interface

Router internal

5

Serial interface

WAN interface card (WIC)

6

Fast Ethernet interface

Router rear panel

NAM CLI

NAM CLI Access

There are three ways to access the NAM CLI:

Until you properly configure the NAM IP parameters, the only way to access the NAM CLI is by opening a NAM console session from the router.

NAM CLI Prompt

The NAM CLI prompt is root@nam-system-hostname# . For example, if the NAM system hostname is configured as "nam1," then the NAM CLI prompt appears as root@nam1# .

If the NAM system hostname has not yet been configured, the NAM CLI prompt is root@localhost# .

Basic NAM CLI Commands

The table below briefly describes the basic NAM CLI commands that are used for initial configuration and maintenance of the NM-NAM. For a complete description of all NAM CLI commands, refer to the Network Analysis Module Command Reference for your NAM software release.


Note


Although NAM CLI commands appear similar to Cisco IOS commands, the commands described in the table below operate in the NAM CLI only.


Table 2 Basic NAM CLI Commands

NAM CLI Command

Purpose

exsession on

Enables outside logins (Telnet).

exsession on ssh

Enables outside logins (SSH).

ip address

Sets the system IP address.

ip broadcast

Sets the system broadcast address.

ip domain

Sets the system domain name.

ip gateway

Sets the system default gateway address.

ip host

Sets the system hostname.

ip http secure server enable

Enables the secure HTTP server.

ip http server enable

Enables the HTTP server.

ip interface external

Selects the external NAM interface for management traffic.

ip interface internal

Selects the internal NAM interface for management traffic.

ip nameserver

Sets the system name server address.

password root

Sets a new password to access the root (read/write) level of NAM.

patch

Downloads and installs a software patch.

ping

Checks connectivity to a network device.

show ip

Displays the NAM IP parameters.

NAM CLI Context-Sensitive Help

The table below shows how to use the NAM CLI context-sensitive help.

Table 3 NAM CLI Context-Sensitive Help Commands

NAM CLI Command

Purpose

(prompt
)# ?

 
				or 
				
				
(prompt
)# help

Displays a list of commands available for the command mode.

(prompt
)# abbreviated-command-entry
<Tab>

Lists commands in the current mode that begin with a particular character string.

(prompt
)# command? 

Lists the available syntax options (arguments and keywords) for the command.

(prompt
)# command
keyword ?

Lists the next available syntax option for the command.

How to Configure and Manage the Network Analysis Module (NM-NAM)

Configuring the Analysis-Module Interface on the Router

This section describes how to configure the Analysis-Module interface on the router. For general information on the Analysis-Module interface, see the Analysis-Module Interface.

For information on assigning the IP address of the Analysis-Module interface, see the NM-NAM Operating Topologies and IP Address Assignments.

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    interface type number

    4.    ip address ip-address mask

    5.    interface analysis-module slot /0

    6.    Do one of the following:

    • ip unnumbered interface number
    • ip address ip-address mask

    7.    no shutdown

    8.    end

    9.    Do one of the following:

    • show ip interface brief
    • show running-config


DETAILED STEPS
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Router> enable
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.

     
    Step 2 configure terminal


    Example:
    Router# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3 interface type number


    Example:
    Router(config)# interface loopback 0
     

    (Optional) Configures an interface, and enters interface configuration mode.

    • Perform this step if you plan to configure the Analysis-Module interface as an IP unnumbered interface.

    • This step configures the router interface (such as a loopback or Fast Ethernet interface) whose IP address you plan to borrow for the IP unnumbered Analysis-Module interface.

     
    Step 4 ip address ip-address mask


    Example:
    Router(config-if)# ip address 10.20.30.40 255.255.255.0
     

    (Optional) Sets an IP address and mask for the interface.

    • Perform this step if you plan to configure the Analysis-Module interface as an IP unnumbered interface.

    • If you plan to use the internal NAM interface for management traffic, this IP address must come from a routable subnet.

     
    Step 5 interface analysis-module slot /0


    Example:
    Router(config)# interface analysis-module 1/0 
     

    Configures the Analysis-Module interface.

    • This is the Fast Ethernet interface on the router that is connected to the internal NM-NAM interface.

     
    Step 6Do one of the following:
    • ip unnumbered interface number
    • ip address ip-address mask


    Example:
    Router(config-if)# ip unnumbered loopback 0 


    Example:
    Router(config-if)# ip address 10.20.30.40 255.255.255.0
     

    Configures the Analysis-Module interface as IP unnumbered and specifies the interface whose IP address is borrowed by the Analysis-Module interface.

    or

    Sets an IP address and mask on the Analysis-Module interface.

    • Use the ip unnumbered command if you performed Step 3 and Step 4.

     
    Step 7 no shutdown


    Example:
    Router(config-if)# no shutdown
     

    Activates the Analysis-Module interface.

     
    Step 8 end


    Example:
    Router(config-if)# end


    Example:
    Router#
     

    Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

     
    Step 9Do one of the following:
    • show ip interface brief
    • show running-config


    Example:
    Router# show ip interface brief 


    Example:
    Router# show running-config
     

    Displays the IP addresses and summary status of the interfaces.

    or

    Displays the contents of the currently running configuration file.

    • Verify that you properly configured the Analysis-Module interface.

    • If you configured the Analysis-Module interface as IP unnumbered, then use the show running-config command to verify proper configuration of both the Analysis-Module interface and the interface whose IP address you borrowed for the Analysis-Module interface.

     
    What to Do Next


    Tip


    To avoid losing your configuration at the next system reload or power cycle, save the running configuration to the startup configuration by entering the copy run start command in privileged EXEC mode.


    Examples

    This section provides the following examples:

    Configuring the Analysis-Module Interface--Routable Subnet: Example

    In the following example, the Analysis-Module interface is configured with a routable IP address. The NM-NAM is installed in router slot 2.

    Configuring the Analysis-Module Interface--IP Unnumbered with Routable Subnet: Example

    In the following example, the Analysis-Module interface is IP unnumbered and borrows the IP address of the Fast Ethernet interface. The IP address is from a routable subnet, and the NM-NAM is installed in router slot 1.

    !
    interface FastEthernet 0/0
     ip address 209.165.202.129 255.255.255.224
     no shutdown
    !
    interface Analysis-Module 1/0
     ip unnumbered FastEthernet 0/0
     no shutdown
    !
    Configuring the Analysis-Module Interface--IP Unnumbered with Subnet That Is Not Routable: Example

    In the following example, the Analysis-Module interface is IP unnumbered and borrows a loopback interface IP address that is not routable. The NM-NAM is installed in router slot 3.

    !
    interface loopback 0
     ip address 10.20.30.40 255.255.255.0
    !
    interface Analysis-Module 3/0
     ip unnumbered loopback 0 
     no shutdown
    !
    Sample Output for the show ip interface brief Command
    Router# show ip interface brief
     
    Interface                  IP-Address      OK?   Method       Status         Protocol
    FastEthernet0/0            172.20.105.213  YES   NVRAM        up             up
    FastEthernet0/1            172.20.105.53   YES   NVRAM        up             up
    Analysis-Module2/0         10.1.1.1        YES   manual       up             up
    Router#

    What to Do Next

    If you configured authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA) on your router, then proceed to the Disabling AAA Login Authentication on the NAM Console Line.

    Otherwise, proceed to the Opening and Closing a NAM Console Session from the Router.

    Disabling AAA Login Authentication on the NAM Console Line

    If you configured authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA) on your router, then you may have to log in twice to open a NAM console session from the router: first with your AAA username and password, and second with the NAM login and password.

    If you do not want to log in twice to open a NAM console session from the router, then disable AAA login authentication on the router’s NAM console line by performing the steps in this section.

    Note, however, that if your router contains both the NM-NAM and the NM-CIDS, the Cisco intrusion detection system network module, then AAA can be a useful tool for centrally controlling access to both network modules. For information about AAA, refer to the Cisco IOS Security Configuration Guide.

    SUMMARY STEPS

      1.    enable

      2.    configure terminal

      3.    aaa authentication login list-name none

      4.    line number

      5.    login authentication list-name

      6.    end

      7.    show running-config


    DETAILED STEPS
       Command or ActionPurpose
      Step 1 enable


      Example:
      Router> enable
       

      Enables privileged EXEC mode.

      • Enter your password if prompted.

       
      Step 2 configure terminal


      Example:
      Router# configure terminal
       

      Enters global configuration mode.

       
      Step 3 aaa authentication login list-name none


      Example:
      Router(config)# aaa authentication login nam none 
       

      Creates a local authentication list.

      • The none keyword specifies no authentication for this list.

       
      Step 4 line number


      Example:
      Router(config)# line 33
       

      Enters line configuration mode for the line to which you want to apply the authentication list.

      • The number value is determined by the slot number in which the NM-NAM is installed:

      number = (32 x slot ) + 1

       
      Step 5 login authentication list-name


      Example:
      Router(config-line)# login authentication nam 
       

      Applies the authentication list to the line.

      • Specify the list name that you configured in Step 3.

       
      Step 6 end


      Example:
      Router(config-line)# end


      Example:
      Router#
       

      Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

       
      Step 7 show running-config


      Example:
      Router# show running-config
       

      Displays the contents of the currently running configuration file.

      • Verify that you configured the local authentication list and applied it to the line associated with the NM-NAM.

       

      Opening and Closing a NAM Console Session from the Router

      This section describes how to open and close a NAM console session from the router.

      SUMMARY STEPS

        1.    enable

        2.    service-module analysis-module slot /0 session

        3.    Do one of the following:

        • Press Return.
        • If a username prompt appears, then log in with your AAA username and password.

        4.    At the login prompt, enter root.

        5.    Do one of the following:

        • At the password prompt, enter your password.
        • If you have not changed the password from the factory-set default, enter root as the root password.

        6.    Perform the tasks that you need to perform in the NAM CLI. When you want to end the NAM console session and return to the Cisco IOS CLI, complete Step 7 through Step 10.

        7.    exit

        8.    Hold Ctrl-Shift and press 6. Release all keys, and then press x.

        9.    disconnect

        10.    Press Enter.


      DETAILED STEPS
         Command or ActionPurpose
        Step 1 enable


        Example:
        Router> enable
         

        Enables privileged EXEC mode.

        • Enter your password if prompted.

         
        Step 2 service-module analysis-module slot /0 session


        Example:
        Router# service-module analysis-module 1/0 session 


        Example:
        Router# service-module analysis-module 1/0 session clear 


        Example:
        [confirm]


        Example:
         [OK]


        Example:
        Router# service-module analysis-module 1/0 session 
         

        Establishes a console session with the NAM.

        • If you cannot open a NAM console session, make sure that the NAM console line is clear by first entering the service-module analysis-moduleslot/0 session clear command in privileged EXEC mode.

         
        Step 3Do one of the following:
        • Press Return.
        • If a username prompt appears, then log in with your AAA username and password.


        Example:
        Trying 10.1.1.1, 2065 ... Open


        Example:
        <Press Return>


        Example:
        
         
        		  


        Example:
        Cisco Network Analysis Module (NM-NAM)


        Example:
        
         
        		  


        Example:
        nam1.cisco.com login: 


        Example:
        Trying 10.1.1.1, 2065... Open


        Example:
        User Access Verification


        Example:
        
         
        		  


        Example:
        Username: myaaausername 


        Example:
        Password: <myaaapassword>


        Example:
        Cisco Network Analysis Module (NM-NAM)


        Example:
        
         
        		  


        Example:
        nam1.cisco.com login:
         

        Activates the NAM console line.

        or

        Completes AAA login authentication and activates the NAM console line.

         
        Step 4 At the login prompt, enter root.

        Example:
        login: root
         

        Accesses the root (read/write) level of NAM.

         
        Step 5Do one of the following:
        • At the password prompt, enter your password.
        • If you have not changed the password from the factory-set default, enter root as the root password.


        Example:
        Password: <root>
         

        --

         
        Step 6 Perform the tasks that you need to perform in the NAM CLI. When you want to end the NAM console session and return to the Cisco IOS CLI, complete Step 7 through Step 10.  

        For initial configuration tasks, see the Configuring the NM-NAM.

        For help using NAM CLI commands, see the NAM CLI Context-Sensitive Help.

         
        Step 7 exit


        Example:
        root@localhost(sub-custom-filter-capture)# exit


        Example:
        root@localhost# exit


        Example:
        
         
        		  


        Example:
        login:
         

        Logs out of the NAM system or leaves a subcommand mode.

        • If you are in a subcommand mode, continue to enter the exit command until you see the NAM login prompt.

         
        Step 8 Hold Ctrl-Shift and press 6. Release all keys, and then press x.

        Example:
        login: <suspend keystroke> 


        Example:
        Router#
         

        Suspends and closes the Telnet session.

         
        Step 9 disconnect


        Example:
        Router# disconnect
         

        Disconnects a line.

         
        Step 10 Press Enter.

        Example:
        Closing connection to 10.20.30.40 [confirm] <Enter>
         

        Confirms that you want to disconnect the line.

         

        Examples

        This section provides the following examples:

        Opening and Closing a NAM Console Session When AAA Authentication Is Not Configured or Is Disabled on the NAM Console Line: Example

        In the following example, a NAM console session is opened and closed from the router. The NM-NAM is installed in router slot 2.

        Router# service-module analysis-module 2/0 session
         
        Trying 10.1.1.1, 2065 ... Open
        Cisco Network Analysis Module (NM-NAM)
        nam1.cisco.com login: root
         
        Password: <password>
         
        Terminal type: vt100
        Cisco Network Analysis Module (NM-NAM) Console, 3.2
        Copyright (c) 1999-2003 by cisco Systems, Inc.
        WARNING! Default password has not been changed!
        root@nam1.cisco.com#
        root@nam1.cisco.com# exit
         
        Cisco Network Analysis Module (NM-NAM)
        nam1.cisco.com login: <suspend keystroke>
         
        Router# disconnect
         
        Closing connection to 10.1.1.1 [confirm] <Enter>
         
        Deleting login session
        Opening and Closing a NAM Console Session When AAA Authentication Is Configured and Enabled on the NAM Console Line: Example

        In the following example, a NAM console session is opened and closed from the router. The NM-NAM is installed in router slot 2.

        Router# service-module analysis-module 2/0 session
         
        Trying 10.1.1.1, 2065 ... Open
        User Access Verification
        Username: myaaausername
         
        Password: <myaaapassword>
         
        Cisco Network Analysis Module (NM-NAM)
        nam1.cisco.com login: root
         
        Password: <nampassword>
         
        Terminal type: vt100
        Cisco Network Analysis Module (NM-NAM) Console, 3.2
        Copyright (c) 1999-2003 by cisco Systems, Inc.
        WARNING! Default password has not been changed!
        root@nam1.cisco.com#
        root@nam1.cisco.com# exit
         
        Cisco Network Analysis Module (NM-NAM)
        nam1.cisco.com login: <suspend keystroke>
         
        Router# disconnect
         
        Closing connection to 10.1.1.1 [confirm] <Enter>
         
        Deleting login session

        Troubleshooting Tips

        Make sure that the NAM console line is clear by entering the service-module analysis-module slot /0 session clear command in privileged EXEC mode.

        What to Do Next

        Proceed to the Configuring the NM-NAM section.

        Configuring the NM-NAM

        This section describes how to configure the NM-NAM to establish network connectivity and configure IP parameters. This task must be performed from the NAM CLI. For more advanced NAM configuration, use the NAM Traffic Analyzer (web GUI) or refer to the Network Analysis Module Command Reference for your NAM software release.

        For information on assigning IP addresses, see the NM-NAM Operating Topologies and IP Address Assignments.

        Before You Begin

        Before performing this task, access the NAM console by performing Step 1 through Step 5 in the Opening and Closing a NAM Console Session from the Router.

        SUMMARY STEPS

          1.    ip interface {internal | external}

          2.    ip address ip-address subnet-mask

          3.    ip broadcast broadcast-address

          4.    ip gateway ip-address

          5.    Do one of the following:

          • exsession on
          • exsession on ssh

          6.    ip domain name

          7.    ip host name

          8.    ip nameserver ip-address [ip-address ][ip-address ]

          9.    ping {host | ip-address }

          10.    show ip


        DETAILED STEPS
           Command or ActionPurpose
          Step 1 ip interface {internal | external}


          Example:
          root@localhost# ip interface internal


          Example:
          root@localhost# ip interface external
           

          Specifies which NAM interface will handle management traffic.

           
          Step 2 ip address ip-address subnet-mask


          Example:
          root@localhost# ip address 172.20.104.126 255.255.255.248
           

          Configures the NAM system IP address.

           
          Step 3 ip broadcast broadcast-address


          Example:
          root@localhost# ip broadcast 10.255.255.255
           

          (Optional) Configures the NAM system broadcast address.

           
          Step 4 ip gateway ip-address


          Example:
          root@localhost# ip gateway 172.20.104.125
           

          Configures the NAM system default gateway address.

           
          Step 5Do one of the following:
          • exsession on
          • exsession on ssh


          Example:
          root@localhost# exsession on


          Example:
          root@localhost# exsession on ssh
           

          (Optional) Enables outside logins.

          • exsession on enables Telnet access.

          • exsession on ssh enables SSH access.

          Note   

          The NAM software K9 crypto patch is required to configure the ssh option. You can download the patch from Cisco.com.

           
          Step 6 ip domain name


          Example:
          root@localhost# ip domain cisco.com
           

          (Optional) Sets the NAM system domain name.

           
          Step 7 ip host name


          Example:
          root@localhost# ip host nam1
           

          (Optional) Sets the NAM system hostname.

           
          Step 8 ip nameserver ip-address [ip-address ][ip-address ]


          Example:
          root@nam1# ip nameserver 209.165.201.1
           

          (Optional) Sets one or more NAM system name servers.

          • We recommend that you configure a name server for the NAM system to resolve Domain Name System (DNS) requests.

           
          Step 9 ping {host | ip-address }


          Example:
          root@nam1# ping 10.20.30.40
           

          Checks connectivity to a network device.

          • Verify connectivity to the router or another known host.

           
          Step 10 show ip


          Example:
          root@nam1# show ip
           

          Displays the NAM IP parameters.

          • Verify that you properly configured the NM-NAM.

           

          Examples

          This section provides the following examples:

          Configuring the NM-NAM: Example

          In the following example, the external NAM interface is used for management traffic. The HTTP server and Telnet access are enabled. The resulting NAM CLI prompt is root@nam1.cisco.com# .

          !
          ip address 172.20.105.215 255.255.255.192
          !
          ip host "nam1"
          !
          ip domain "cisco.com"
          !
          ip gateway 172.20.105.210
          !
          ip broadcast 10.255.255.255
          !
          ip nameserver 209.165.201.29
          !
          ip interface external
          !
          ip http server enable
          !
          exsession on
          !
          Checking Network Connectivity with Ping: Example
          root@nam1.cisco.com# ping 172.20.105.213
           
          PING 172.20.105.213 (172.20.105.213) from 172.20.105.215 : 56(84) bytes of data.
          64 bytes from 172.20.105.213: icmp_seq=0 ttl=255 time=353 usec
          64 bytes from 172.20.105.213: icmp_seq=1 ttl=255 time=289 usec
          64 bytes from 172.20.105.213: icmp_seq=2 ttl=255 time=284 usec
          64 bytes from 172.20.105.213: icmp_seq=3 ttl=255 time=283 usec
          64 bytes from 172.20.105.213: icmp_seq=4 ttl=255 time=297 usec
          --- 172.20.105.213 ping statistics ---
          5 packets transmitted, 5 packets received, 0% packet loss
          round-trip min/avg/max/mdev = 0.283/0.301/0.353/0.028 ms
          root@nam1.cisco.com#
          Sample Output for the show ip NAM CLI Command
          root@nam1.cisco.com# show ip
           
          IP address:             172.20.105.215
          Subnet mask:            255.255.255.192
          IP Broadcast:           10.255.255.255
          IP Interface:           External
          DNS Name:               nam1.cisco.com
          Default Gateway:        172.20.105.210
          Nameserver(s):          209.165.201.29
          HTTP server:            Enabled
          HTTP secure server:     Disabled
          HTTP port:              80
          HTTP secure port:       443
          TACACS+ configured:     No
          Telnet:                 Enabled
          SSH:                    Disabled
          root@nam1.cisco.com#

          What to Do Next

          If you selected the internal NAM interface to handle management traffic in Step 1, then proceed to the Configuring a Static Route to the NAM Through the Analysis-Module Interface.

          If you plan to monitor traffic through the internal NAM interface, then proceed to the Enabling NAM Packet Monitoring.

          If you do not plan to monitor traffic through the internal NAM interface, then proceed to the Enabling and Accessing the NAM Traffic Analyzer.

          Configuring a Static Route to the NAM Through the Analysis-Module Interface

          This section describes how to ensure that the router can route packets to the NAM by configuring a static route through the Analysis-Module interface.

          If you select the internal NAM interface to handle management traffic, then configuring a static route to the NAM through the Analysis-Module interface is:

          • Required when the Analysis-Module interface is IP unnumbered.

          • Recommended when the Analysis-Module interface is assigned a unique IP address.

          If you select the external NAM interface to handle management traffic, then you do not need to perform this task. Proceed to the What to Do Next.

          SUMMARY STEPS

            1.    enable

            2.    configure terminal

            3.    ip route nam-ip-address mask analysis-module slot / unit

            4.    end

            5.    ping {nam-ip-address | nam-hostname}


          DETAILED STEPS
             Command or ActionPurpose
            Step 1 enable


            Example:
            Router> enable
             

            Enables privileged EXEC mode.

            • Enter your password if prompted.

             
            Step 2 configure terminal


            Example:
            Router# configure terminal
             

            Enters global configuration mode.

             
            Step 3 ip route nam-ip-address mask analysis-module slot / unit


            Example:
            Router(config)# ip route 172.20.105.215 255.255.255.192 analysis-module 1/0 
             

            Establishes a static route to the NAM.

             
            Step 4 end


            Example:
            Router(config-if)# end


            Example:
            Router#
             

            Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

             
            Step 5 ping {nam-ip-address | nam-hostname}


            Example:
            Router# ping 172.20.105.215
             

            Verifies network connectivity to the NAM.

             

            Examples

            This section provides the following examples:

            Configuring a Static Route to the NAM Through the Analysis-Module Interface: Example

            In the following example, a static route is configured to the NAM whose system IP address is 172.20.105.215. The NM-NAM is installed in router slot 1.

            !
            ip route 172.20.105.215 255.255.255.192 analysis-module 1/0 
            !
            interface FastEthernet 0/0
             ip address 209.165.202.129 255.255.255.224
             no shutdown
            !
            interface Analysis-Module 1/0
             ip unnumbered FastEthernet 0/0
             no shutdown
            !
            Verifying Network Connectivity with Ping: Example

            In the following example, entering the ping command verifies network connectivity to the NAM with IP address 172.20.105.215.

            Router# ping 172.20.105.215
             
            Type escape sequence to abort.
            Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 172.20.105.215, timeout is 2 seconds:
            !!!!!
            Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 1/1/1 ms
            Router#

            What to Do Next

            If you plan to monitor traffic through the internal NAM interface, then proceed to the Enabling NAM Packet Monitoring.

            If you do not plan to monitor traffic through the internal NAM interface, then proceed to the Enabling and Accessing the NAM Traffic Analyzer.

            Enabling NAM Packet Monitoring

            This section describes how to enable NAM packet monitoring on router interfaces that you want to monitor through the internal NAM interface.

            When you enable NAM packet monitoring on an interface, CEF sends an extra copy of each IP packet that is received or sent out on that interface to the NAM through the Analysis-Module interface on the router and the internal NAM interface.

            SUMMARY STEPS

              1.    enable

              2.    configure terminal

              3.    ip cef

              4.    Do one of the following:

              • interface type slot / port
              • interface type slot / wic-slot / port

              5.    analysis-module monitoring

              6.    Repeat Step 4 and Step 5 for each interface that you want the NAM to monitor through the internal NAM interface.

              7.    end

              8.    show running-config


            DETAILED STEPS
               Command or ActionPurpose
              Step 1 enable


              Example:
              Router> enable
               

              Enables privileged EXEC mode.

              • Enter your password if prompted.

               
              Step 2 configure terminal


              Example:
              Router# configure terminal
               

              Enters global configuration mode.

               
              Step 3 ip cef


              Example:
              Router(config)# ip cef
               

              Enables the CEF switching path.

               
              Step 4Do one of the following:
              • interface type slot / port
              • interface type slot / wic-slot / port


              Example:
              Router(config)# interface serial 0/0
               

              Selects an interface for configuration.

               
              Step 5 analysis-module monitoring


              Example:
              Router(config-if)# analysis-module monitoring 
               

              Enables NAM packet monitoring on the interface.

               
              Step 6 Repeat Step 4 and Step 5 for each interface that you want the NAM to monitor through the internal NAM interface.  

              --

               
              Step 7 end


              Example:
              Router(config-if)# end


              Example:
              Router#
               

              Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

               
              Step 8 show running-config


              Example:
              Router# show running-config
               

              Displays the contents of the currently running configuration file.

              • Verify that you enabled the CEF switching path and enabled packet monitoring on the correct interfaces.

               

              Example

              This section provides the following example:

              Enabling NAM Packet Monitoring: Example

              In the following example, NAM packet monitoring is enabled on the serial interfaces:

              interface Serial 0/0
               ip address 172.20.105.213 255.255.255.240
               ip route-cache flow
               speed auto
               full-duplex
               analysis-module monitoring
               no mop enabled
              !
              interface Serial 0/1
               ip address 172.20.105.53 255.255.255.252
               ip route-cache flow
               duplex auto
               speed auto
               analysis-module monitoring
              !
              interface Analysis-Module 2/0
               ip address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.0
               hold-queue 60 out
              !

              What to Do Next

              This task must be repeated on the router on the other side of the satellite link. Substitute the sample IP addresses, hostnames, and other parameters for the appropriate values on the second router.

              After the task is completed on the router on the other side of the satellite link, proceed to the Verifying RBSCP Tunnel Configuration and Operation.

              Enabling and Accessing the NAM Traffic Analyzer

              This section describes how to enable and access the NAM Traffic Analyzer (web GUI).

              Before You Begin
              • Make sure that your web browser supports your NAM software release. For a list of supported browsers, refer to the NAM software release notes.

              • If you plan to use the HTTP secure server (HTTPs), then you must first download and install the NAM software K9 crypto patch. Until you install the patch, the ip http secure commands are disabled. You can download the NAM software K9 crypto patch from Cisco.com.


              Note


              You can use the HTTP server or the HTTP secure server, but you cannot use both simultaneously.


              SUMMARY STEPS

                1.    Do one of the following:

                2.    Do one of the following:

                • ip http server enable
                • ip http secure server enable

                3.    Do one of the following:

                • Enter a web username.
                • Press Return to enter the default web username "admin".

                4.    Enter a password.

                5.    Enter the password again.

                6.    On your PC, open a web browser.

                7.    In the web browser, enter the NAM system IP address or hostname as the URL.


              DETAILED STEPS
                 Command or ActionPurpose
                Step 1Do one of the following:  

                Accesses the NAM CLI.

                 
                Step 2Do one of the following:
                • ip http server enable
                • ip http secure server enable


                Example:
                root@localhost# ip http server enable 


                Example:
                root@localhost# ip http secure server enable 
                 

                Enables the HTTP server.

                or

                Enables the HTTP secure server (HTTPs).

                 
                Step 3Do one of the following:
                • Enter a web username.
                • Press Return to enter the default web username "admin".


                Example:
                Please enter a web administrator user name [admin]: joeadmin 


                Example:
                Please enter a web administrator user name [admin]: <cr> 
                 

                Configures a web username.

                • The NAM requires at least one web username and password configuration.

                • If NAM does not prompt you for a web username and password, then at least one web username and password combination was previously configured.

                 
                Step 4 Enter a password.

                Example:
                New password: <adminpswd>
                 

                Configures a password for the web username.

                 
                Step 5 Enter the password again.

                Example:
                Confirm password: <adminpswd>
                 

                Confirms the password for the web username.

                 
                Step 6 On your PC, open a web browser. 

                --

                 
                Step 7 In the web browser, enter the NAM system IP address or hostname as the URL.

                Example:
                http://172.20.105.215/
                


                Example:
                https://172.20.105.215/
                


                Example:
                http://nam1/
                
                 

                Opens the NAM Traffic Analyzer in your web browser.

                • You are automatically redirected to the NAM Traffic Analyzer login page.

                 

                Examples

                This section provides the following examples:

                Enabling the NAM Traffic Analyzer: Example
                root@nam1# ip http server enable
                 
                Enabling HTTP server...
                No web users are configured.
                Please enter a web administrator user name [admin]: <cr>
                 
                New password: <pswd>
                 
                Confirm password: <pswd>
                 
                User admin added.
                Successfully enabled HTTP server.
                root@nam1#
                Accessing the NAM Traffic Analyzer: Example

                The figure below shows the NAM Traffic Analyzer login page that appears when you enter the NAM system IP address or hostname as the URL in a web browser.

                Figure 6. Sample NAM Traffic Analyzer Login Page

                What to Do Next

                For information on the NAM Traffic Analyzer, refer to the User Guide for the Network Analysis Module Traffic Analyzer for your NAM software release. This document is available on Cisco.com and as online help within the NAM Traffic Analyzer application.

                Changing the NAM Root Password

                This section describes how to set a new password to access the root (read/write) level of NAM, where you can enter NAM CLI commands. The factory-set default root password is "root".

                Before You Begin

                Before performing this task, access the NAM console by performing Step 1 through Step 5 in the Opening and Closing a NAM Console Session from the Router.

                SUMMARY STEPS

                  1.    password root

                  2.    Enter the new password.

                  3.    Enter the new password again.

                  4.    exit

                  5.    At the login prompt, enter root.

                  6.    At the password prompt, enter your password.


                DETAILED STEPS
                   Command or ActionPurpose
                  Step 1 password root


                  Example:
                  root@localhost.cisco.com# password root 
                   

                  Starts the process of changing the NAM’s root (read/write) level password.

                   
                  Step 2 Enter the new password.

                  Example:
                  New UNIX password: <password> 
                   

                  Enters the new password.

                   
                  Step 3 Enter the new password again.

                  Example:
                  Retype new UNIX password: <password> 
                   

                  Confirms the new password.

                   
                  Step 4 exit


                  Example:
                  root@localhost# exit
                   

                  Logs out of the NAM system.

                   
                  Step 5 At the login prompt, enter root.

                  Example:
                  login: root
                   

                  Accesses the root (read/write) level of NAM.

                   
                  Step 6 At the password prompt, enter your password.

                  Example:
                  Password: <password>
                   

                  Verifies that the new password is accepted.

                   

                  Examples

                  This section provides the following examples:

                  Changing the NAM Root Password: Example
                  root@nam1.cisco.com# password root
                   
                  Changing password for user root 
                  New UNIX password: <rtpswd>
                   
                  Retype new UNIX password: <rtpswd>
                   
                  passwd:all authentication tokens updated successfully 
                  root@nam1.cisco.com# 
                  root@nam1.cisco.com# exit
                   
                  Verifying the NAM Root Password: Example
                  nam1.cisco.com login: root
                   
                  Password: <rtpswd>
                   
                  Terminal type: vt100
                  Cisco Network Analysis Module (NM-NAM) Console, 3.2
                  Copyright (c) 1999-2003 by cisco Systems, Inc.
                  root@nam1.cisco.com#
                  root@nam1.cisco.com# exit
                   

                  Troubleshooting Tips

                  If you forget the NAM root password, see the Resetting the NAM Root Password to the Default Value.

                  Resetting the NAM Root Password to the Default Value

                  This section describes how to reset the NAM root password to the default value of "root". Use this procedure when you cannot remember the NAM root password but need to access the NAM CLI.


                  Note


                  This procedure requires that you reload the NAM software.


                  SUMMARY STEPS

                    1.    enable

                    2.    service-module analysis-module slot /0 reload

                    3.    y

                    4.    service-module analysis-module slot /0 session

                    5.    When prompted, enter *** to change the boot configuration.

                    6.    boot flash

                    7.    When prompted to select from the helper menu, enter 6.

                    8.    When prompted to select from the helper menu, enter r.

                    9.    y

                    10.    Hold Ctrl-Shift and press 6. Release all keys, and then press x.

                    11.    disconnect

                    12.    Press Enter.


                  DETAILED STEPS
                     Command or ActionPurpose
                    Step 1 enable


                    Example:
                    Router> enable
                     

                    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

                    • Enter your password if prompted.

                     
                    Step 2 service-module analysis-module slot /0 reload


                    Example:
                    Router# service-module analysis-module 1/0 reload
                     

                    Reloads the software on the NM-NAM.

                     
                    Step 3 y


                    Example:
                    Do you want to proceed with reload?[confirm] y 
                     

                    Confirms that you want to proceed with the NAM software reload.

                     
                    Step 4 service-module analysis-module slot /0 session


                    Example:
                    Router# service-module analysis-module 1/0 session 


                    Example:
                    Router# service-module analysis-module 1/0 session clear 


                    Example:
                    [confirm]


                    Example:
                     [OK]


                    Example:
                    Router# service-module analysis-module 1/0 session 
                     

                    Establishes a console session with the NAM.

                    • Perform this step immediately after reloading the NAM software.

                    • If you cannot open a NAM console session, make sure that the NAM console line is clear by first entering the service-module analysis-moduleslot/0 session clear command in privileged EXEC mode.

                     
                    Step 5 When prompted, enter *** to change the boot configuration.

                    Example:
                    Please enter '***' to change boot configuration: *** 
                     

                    Interrupts the boot loader.

                    • Enter *** immediately after the prompt appears.

                    • If you do not enter *** in time to interrupt the boot loader, then the NAM login prompt eventually appears. Complete Step 10 through Step 12 to return to the Cisco IOS CLI on the router, and then retry this task, starting with Step 2.

                     
                    Step 6 boot flash


                    Example:
                    ServicesEngine boot-loader> boot flash
                     

                    Loads the NAM helper image.

                    • This command is entered in the boot loader CLI, which is separate from the NAM CLI and Cisco IOS CLI.

                     
                    Step 7 When prompted to select from the helper menu, enter 6.

                    Example:
                    Selection [12345678rh]: 6
                     

                    Selects the menu option to reset the root password to the default value of "root".

                     
                    Step 8 When prompted to select from the helper menu, enter r.

                    Example:
                    Selection [12345678rh]:r
                     

                    Selects the menu option to exit the helper and reset the NAM.

                     
                    Step 9 y


                    Example:
                    About to exit and reset Services Engine.


                    Example:
                    Are you sure? [y/N] y
                     

                    Confirms that you want to exit the helper and reset the NAM.

                    • This time, ignore the prompt to enter ***.

                     
                    Step 10 Hold Ctrl-Shift and press 6. Release all keys, and then press x.

                    Example:
                    login: <suspend keystroke> 


                    Example:
                    Router#
                     

                    Suspends and closes the Telnet session.

                     
                    Step 11 disconnect


                    Example:
                    Router# disconnect
                     

                    Disconnects a line.

                     
                    Step 12 Press Enter.

                    Example:
                    Closing connection to 10.20.30.40 [confirm] <Enter>
                     

                    Confirms that you want to disconnect the line.

                     

                    Example

                    This section provides the following example:

                    Resetting the NAM Root Password to the Default Value: Example
                    Router# service-module analysis-module 1/0 reload
                     
                    Do you want to proceed with reload?[confirm] y
                     
                    Trying to reload Service Module Analysis-Module1/0.
                    Router# service-module analysis-module 1/0 session
                     
                    Trying 172.20.104.87, 2033 ... Open
                    .
                    <debug output omitted>
                    .
                    Booting from flash..., please wait.
                    [BOOT-ASM]
                    7
                    Please enter '***' to change boot configuration: ***
                     
                     ServicesEngine Bootloader Version :1.0.6aN
                    ServicesEngine boot-loader> boot flash
                     
                    .
                    <debug output omitted>
                    .
                    ==============================================================================
                    Cisco Systems, Inc. 
                    Services engine helper utility for NM-NAM
                    Version 1.1(1) [200311111641]
                    -----
                    Main menu
                    1 - Download application image and write to HDD
                    2 - Download application image and reformat HDD
                    3 - Download bootloader and write to flash
                    4 - Download helper and write to flash
                    5 - Display software versions
                    6 - Reset application image CLI passwords to default
                    7 - Change file transfer method (currently ftp/http)
                    8 - Show upgrade log
                    9 - Send Ping
                    r - Exit and reset Services Engine
                    h - Exit and shutdown Services Engine
                    Selection [123456789rh]: 6
                     
                    Restored default CLI passwords of application image.
                    ==============================================================================
                    Cisco Systems, Inc. 
                    Services engine helper utility for NM-NAM
                    Version 1.1(1) [200311111641]
                    -----
                    Main menu
                    1 - Download application image and write to HDD
                    2 - Download application image and reformat HDD
                    3 - Download bootloader and write to flash
                    4 - Download helper and write to flash
                    5 - Display software versions
                    6 - Reset application image CLI passwords to default
                    7 - Change file transfer method (currently ftp/http)
                    8 - Show upgrade log
                    9 - Send Ping
                    r - Exit and reset Services Engine
                    h - Exit and shutdown Services Engine
                    Selection [123456789rh]: r
                     
                    About to exit and reset Services Engine.
                    Are you sure? [y/N] y
                     
                    INITSending all processes the TERM signal...
                    Sending all processes the KILL signal...
                    Unmounting file systems:
                    Please stand by while rebooting the system...
                    Restarting system.
                    .
                    <debug output omitted>
                    .
                    Cisco Network Analysis Module (NM-NAM)
                    nam1.cisco.com login: <suspend keystroke>
                     
                    Router#
                    Router# disconnect
                     
                    Closing connection to 10.1.1.1 [confirm] <Enter>
                     
                    Deleting login session

                    Troubleshooting Tips

                    If you have trouble opening a NAM console session from the router, make sure that the NAM console line is clear by entering the service-module analysis-module slot /0 session clear command in privileged EXEC mode.

                    What to Do Next

                    Verify that the default root password of "root" is accepted by performing Step 1 through Step 5 in the Opening and Closing a NAM Console Session from the Router.

                    To change the NAM root password, see the Changing the NAM Root Password.

                    Opening and Closing a Telnet or SSH Session to the NAM

                    This section describes how to open and close a Telnet or SSH session to the NAM. This task is not commonly performed, because you would typically use the NAM Traffic Analyzer (web GUI) to monitor and maintain the NAM. If, however, you cannot access the NAM Traffic Analyzer, then you might want to use Telnet or SSH to troubleshoot from the NAM CLI.

                    If your NM-NAM is not properly configured for Telnet or SSH access (see the following Prerequisites section), then you can open a Telnet session to the router in which the NM-NAM is installed, and then open a NAM console session from the router. See the Opening and Closing a NAM Console Session from the Router.

                    Before You Begin
                    • Configure the NAM system IP address. Optionally, set the NAM system hostname. See the Configuring the NM-NAM.

                    • Verify NAM network connectivity by performing one of the following ping tests:
                      • From a host beyond the gateway, ping the NAM system IP address.
                      • From the NAM CLI, ping the NAM system default gateway.
                    Telnet Prerequisites SSH Prerequisites
                    • Install the NAM software K9 crypto patch, which you can download from Cisco.com.

                    • Enter the exsession on ssh NAM CLI command. See Step 5 of the Configuring the NM-NAM.

                    SUMMARY STEPS

                      1.    Do one of the following:

                      • telnet {ip-address | hostname}
                      • ssh {ip-address | hostname}

                      2.    At the login prompt, enter root.

                      3.    Do one of the following:

                      • At the password prompt, enter your password.
                      • If you have not changed the password from the factory-set default, enter root as the root password.

                      4.    Perform the tasks that you need to perform in the NAM CLI. When you want to end the Telnet or SSH session to the NAM and return to the Cisco IOS CLI, complete Step 5 and Step 6 .

                      5.    exit

                      6.    logout


                    DETAILED STEPS
                       Command or ActionPurpose
                      Step 1Do one of the following:
                      • telnet {ip-address | hostname}
                      • ssh {ip-address | hostname}


                      Example:
                      Router# telnet 10.20.30.40


                      Example:
                      Router# ssh 10.20.30.40
                       

                      Logs in to a host that supports Telnet.

                      or

                      Starts an encrypted session with a remote networking device.

                      • Use the NAM system IP address or NAM system hostname.

                       
                      Step 2 At the login prompt, enter root.

                      Example:
                      login: root
                       

                      Accesses the root (read/write) level of NAM.

                       
                      Step 3Do one of the following:
                      • At the password prompt, enter your password.
                      • If you have not changed the password from the factory-set default, enter root as the root password.


                      Example:
                      Password: root
                       

                      --

                       
                      Step 4 Perform the tasks that you need to perform in the NAM CLI. When you want to end the Telnet or SSH session to the NAM and return to the Cisco IOS CLI, complete Step 5 and Step 6 .  

                      For help using NAM CLI commands, see the NAM CLI Context-Sensitive Help.

                       
                      Step 5 exit


                      Example:
                      root@localhost(sub-custom-filter-capture)# exit


                      Example:
                      root@localhost# 
                       

                      Leaves a subcommand mode.

                      • Return to command mode.

                       
                      Step 6 logout


                      Example:
                      root@localhost# logout


                      Example:
                      
                       
                      		  


                      Example:
                      Connection closed by foreign host.
                       

                      Logs out of the NAM system.

                       

                      Examples

                      This section provides the following examples:

                      Opening and Closing a Telnet Session to the NAM Using the NAM System IP Address: Example
                      Router> telnet 172.20.105.215
                       
                      Trying 172.20.105.215 ... Open
                      Cisco Network Analysis Module (NM-NAM)
                      login: root
                       
                      Password: <password>
                       
                      Terminal type: vt100
                      Cisco Network Analysis Module (NM-NAM) Console, 3.2
                      Copyright (c) 1999-2003 by cisco Systems, Inc.
                      WARNING! Default password has not been changed!
                      root@nam.cisco.com#
                      root@nam.cisco.com# logout
                       
                      [Connection to 172.20.105.215 closed by foreign host]
                      Router>
                      Opening and Closing an SSH Session to the NAM Using the NAM System Hostname: Example
                      host [/home/user] ssh -l root nmnam2
                       
                      root@nmnam2’s password: <password>
                       
                      Terminal type: vt100
                      Cisco Network Analysis Module (NM-NAM) Console, 3.2
                      Copyright (c) 1999-2003 by cisco Systems, Inc.
                      WARNING! Default password has not been changed!
                      root@nmnam2.cisco.com# 
                      root@nmnam2.cisco.com# logout
                       
                      Connection to nmnam2 closed.
                      host [/home/user]

                      Upgrading the NAM Software

                      This section describes how to upgrade the NAM software. This task is performed from the NAM CLI.

                      NAM Software Images

                      The NM-NAM contains three NAM software images:

                      • NAM application image on the hard drive--Source of the NAM Traffic Analyzer and NAM CLI

                      • Helper image in flash memory--Used to recover or upgrade NAM software images

                      • Bootloader image in flash memory--Used to specify whether to boot the NAM application image or the helper image

                      Types of NAM Software Upgrades

                      NAM software upgrades are available in two forms:

                      • Patches--Incremental updates to software releases that are installed with the patch NAM CLI command. Patches are available only for the NAM application image.

                      • Images--Full image releases that are installed from the helper image. Full image upgrades are typically used to update the NAM application image, but if necessary and recommended by technical support, you can also use the helper image to upgrade the bootloader image or helper image.

                      Prerequisites

                      Perform one of the following tasks in this section, depending on whether you are adding a patch to your NAM application or are performing a full software image upgrade:

                      Upgrading the NAM Software--Patch

                      Perform this task to add a patch to your NAM application image. This task is performed from the NAM CLI.

                      SUMMARY STEPS

                        1.    Do one of the following:

                        • patch ftp://user:password@host/full-path/filename
                        • patch ftp://user@host/full-path/filename

                        2.    show patches


                      DETAILED STEPS
                         Command or ActionPurpose
                        Step 1Do one of the following:
                        • patch ftp://user:password@host/full-path/filename
                        • patch ftp://user@host/full-path/filename


                        Example:
                        root@nam1.cisco.com# patch ftp://person:mypwd@examplehost/dir/subdir/nam-app.3-2.cryptoK9.patch.1-0.bin


                        Example:
                        root@nam1.cisco.com# patch ftp://person@examplehost/dir/subdir/nam-app.3-2.cryptoK9.patch.1-0.bin


                        Example:
                        
                        
                                


                        Example:
                        Proceeding with installation. Please do not interrupt.


                        Example:
                        If installation is interrupted, please try again.


                        Example:
                        
                        
                                


                        Example:
                        Downloading nam-app.3-2.cryptoK9.patch.1-0.bin. Please wait...


                        Example:
                        Password for person@examplehost: <mypwd>
                         

                        Downloads and installs a software patch.

                        • Use the first option, which includes the password, if the FTP server does not allow anonymous users.

                        • If you use the second option, enter your password when prompted.

                        • Remember to perform this task in the NAM CLI.

                         
                        Step 2 show patches


                        Example:
                        root@nam1.cisco.com# show patches
                         

                        Displays all installed patches.

                        • Verify that your patch was successfully installed.

                         

                        Upgrading the NAM Software--Full Image

                        Perform this task to upgrade one of your NAM software images to a new release. This task is performed from the NAM CLI.

                        SUMMARY STEPS

                          1.    reboot

                          2.    y

                          3.    When prompted, enter *** to change the boot configuration.

                          4.    boot flash

                          5.    When prompted to select from the helper menu, enter 1or 2.

                          6.    ftp:// ip-address/path/nam-image-file

                          7.    y

                          8.    r

                          9.    y


                        DETAILED STEPS
                           Command or ActionPurpose
                          Step 1 reboot


                          Example:
                          root@nam1.cisco.com# reboot 
                           

                          Shuts down and restarts the NAM.

                          • Remember to perform this task in the NAM CLI.

                           
                          Step 2 y


                          Example:
                          Reboot the NAM? (Y/N) [N]: y 
                           

                          Confirms that you want to reboot the NAM.

                          • After you confirm the reboot, the NAM displays a series of messages as it stops processes, shuts down, and then restarts.

                           
                          Step 3 When prompted, enter *** to change the boot configuration.

                          Example:
                          Please enter '***' to change boot configuration: *** 
                           

                          Interrupts the boot loader.

                          • Enter *** immediately after the prompt appears.

                          • If you do not enter the *** in time to interrupt the boot loader, then return to Step 1 and try again.

                           
                          Step 4 boot flash


                          Example:
                          ServicesEngine boot-loader> boot flash
                           

                          Loads the NAM helper image.

                          • This command is entered in the boot loader CLI, which is separate from the NAM CLI and Cisco IOS CLI.

                           
                          Step 5 When prompted to select from the helper menu, enter 1or 2.

                          Example:
                          Selection [12345678rh]: 1


                          Example:
                          Selection [12345678rh]: 2
                           

                          Selects the menu option to download the NAM software image onto the NM-NAM internal memory.

                          • Option 1 preserves all configuration and report data while installing the NAM software image.

                          • Option 2 reformats the NM-NAM hard drive, deleting all report data and NAM software configurations, except the basic IP configuration. Although useful for recovering a corrupted hard drive, Option 2 should be used with caution or when recommended by technical support.

                          • The helper menu also has an option (7) to change the file transfer method from the default FTP method. Before performing Step 5 , you may enter 7 to select the TFTP transfer method. Because many TFTP servers have problems transferring files as large as the NAM application image, we recommend that you use the default FTP method.

                           
                          Step 6 ftp:// ip-address/path/nam-image-file


                          Example:
                          Download NAM application image via ftp and write to HDD


                          Example:
                          URL of application image []: ftp://172.20.98.136/dir1/dir2/nam-image.bin.gz 
                           

                          Specifies the FTP location and filename of the NAM software image.

                           
                          Step 7 y


                          Example:
                          Do you want to proceed installing it? [y/N] y
                           

                          Confirms that you want to install the specified NAM software image.

                           
                          Step 8 r


                          Example:
                          Selection [12345678rh]:r
                           

                          Selects the menu option to exit the helper and reset the NAM.

                           
                          Step 9 y


                          Example:
                          About to exit and reset Services Engine.


                          Example:
                          Are you sure? [y/N] y
                           

                          Confirms that you want to exit the helper and reset the NAM.

                          • This time, ignore the prompt to enter ***.

                           

                          Examples

                          This section provides the following examples:

                          Upgrading the NAM Software--Patch: Example
                          Router> enable
                           
                          Password: <password>
                           
                          Router#
                          Router# service-module analysis-Module 1/0 session
                           
                          Trying 172.20.104.86, 2033 ... Open
                          Cisco Network Analysis Module (NM-NAM)
                          nam1.cisco.com login: root
                           
                          Password: <password>
                           
                          Terminal type:vt100
                          Cisco Network Analysis Module (NM-NAM) Console, 3.2(0.10)
                          Copyright (c) 1999-2003 by cisco Systems, Inc.
                          WARNING! Default password has not been changed!
                          root@nam1.cisco.com# patch ftp://person@examplehost/dir/subdir/nam-app.3-2.cryptoK9.patch.1-0.bin
                           
                          Proceeding with installation. Please do not interrupt.
                          If installation is interrupted, please try again.
                          Downloading nam-app.3-2.cryptoK9.patch.1-0.bin. Please wait...
                          Password for person@examplehost: <mypwd>
                           
                          ftp://person@examplehost/dir/subdir/nam-app.3-2.cryptoK9.patch.1-0.bin
                          (1K)
                          /usr/local/nam/patch/wor  [########################]       1K |  104.43K/s
                          1894 bytes transferred in 0.02 sec (102.35k/sec)
                          Verifying nam-app.3-2.cryptoK9.patch.1-0.bin. Please wait...
                          Patch nam-app.3-2.cryptoK9.patch.1-0.bin verified.
                          Applying /usr/local/nam/patch/workdir/nam-app.3-2.cryptoK9.patch.1-0.bin.
                          Please wait...
                          ########################################### [100%]
                          ########################################### [100%]
                          Patch applied successfully.
                          root@nam1.cisco.com# show patches
                           
                          Tue Aug 31 21:04:28 2004 Patch:nam-app.3-2.strong-crypto-patchK9-1-0
                          Description:Strong Crypto Patch for NAM.
                          root@nam1.cisco.com#
                          Upgrading the NAM Software--Full Image: Example
                          Router> enable
                           
                          Password: <password>
                           
                          Router#
                          Router# service-module analysis-Module 1/0 session
                           
                          Trying 172.20.104.86, 2033 ... Open
                          Cisco Network Analysis Module (NM-NAM)
                          nam1.cisco.com login: root
                           
                          Password: <password>
                           
                          Terminal type:vt100
                          Cisco Network Analysis Module (NM-NAM) Console, 3.2(0.10)
                          Copyright (c) 1999-2003 by cisco Systems, Inc.
                          WARNING! Default password has not been changed!
                          root@nam1.cisco.com#
                          root@nam1.cisco.com# reboot
                           
                          Reboot the NAM? (Y/N) [N]: y
                           
                          System reboot in process...
                          .
                          <debug output omitted>
                          .
                          Booting from flash..., please wait.
                          [BOOT-ASM]
                          7
                          Please enter '***' to change boot configuration: ***
                           
                           ServicesEngine Bootloader Version :1.0.6-NAM
                          ServicesEngine boot-loader>
                          ServicesEngine boot-loader> boot flash
                           
                          .
                          <debug output omitted>
                          .
                          ==============================================================================
                          Cisco Systems, Inc. 
                          Services engine helper utility for NM-NAM
                          Version 1.1(1) [200311111641]
                          -----
                          Main menu
                          1 - Download application image and write to HDD
                          2 - Download application image and reformat HDD
                          3 - Download bootloader and write to flash
                          4 - Download helper and write to flash
                          5 - Display software versions
                          6 - Reset application image CLI passwords to default
                          7 - Change file transfer method (currently ftp/http)
                          8 - Show upgrade log
                          9 - Send Ping
                          r - Exit and reset Services Engine
                          h - Exit and shutdown Services Engine
                          Selection [123456789rh]: 1
                           
                          -----
                          Download NAM application image via ftp and write to HDD
                          URL of application image []: ftp://172.20.98.136/dir1/dir2/nam-image.bin.gz
                           
                          Getting c6svc-nam.mainline-DAILY_20030825.bin.gz from 171.69.17.19 via ftp.
                          ftp://172.20.98.136/dir1/dir2/nam-image.bin.gz
                          (46389K)
                          -                         [########################]   46389K | 7421.38K/s
                          47502347 bytes transferred in 6.25 sec (7421.14k/sec)
                          upgrade.bin size:48241545
                          File transfer successful.
                          Checking upgrade.bin
                          Do you want to proceed installing it? [y/N] y
                           
                          .
                          <debug output omitted>
                          .
                          Application image upgrade complete. You can boot the image now.
                          ==============================================================================
                          Cisco Systems, Inc. 
                          Services engine helper utility for NM-NAM
                          Version 1.1(1) [200311111641]
                          -----
                          Main menu
                          1 - Download application image and write to HDD
                          2 - Download application image and reformat HDD
                          3 - Download bootloader and write to flash
                          4 - Download helper and write to flash
                          5 - Display software versions
                          6 - Reset application image CLI passwords to default
                          7 - Change file transfer method (currently ftp/http)
                          8 - Show upgrade log
                          9 - Send Ping
                          r - Exit and reset Services Engine
                          h - Exit and shutdown Services Engine
                          Selection [123456789rh]: r
                           
                          About to exit and reset Services Engine.
                          Are you sure? [y/N] y
                           

                          Troubleshooting Tips

                          If you have trouble opening a NAM console session from the router, make sure that the NAM console line is clear by entering the service-module analysis-module slot /0 session clear command in privileged EXEC mode.

                          Configuration Examples for the Network Analysis Module (NM-NAM)

                          NAM Management Interface Is Internal and Analysis-Module Interface Is Assigned an IP Address Example

                          In this configuration example:

                          • The internal NAM interface is used for management traffic.

                          • IP addresses from the same routable subnet are assigned to the Analysis-Module interface and the NAM system.

                          • A static route to the NAM through the Analysis-Module interface is configured.

                          • The internal NAM interface is used to monitor WAN traffic on interface Serial 0/0, and the external NAM interface is used to monitor LAN traffic on interface Fast Ethernet 0/0.

                          • The NM-NAM is installed in router slot 2.

                          The figure below shows the topology used in the example, and the following sections show the router and NAM configurations:

                          Figure 7. NAM Management Interface Is Internal and Analysis-Module Interface Is Assigned an IP Address

                          Callout

                          Interface

                          Location

                          1

                          Analysis-Module interface

                          Router internal

                          2

                          Internal NAM interface (management)

                          NM-NAM internal

                          3

                          External NAM interface

                          NM-NAM faceplate

                          4

                          Serial interface

                          WAN interface card (WIC)

                          5

                          Fast Ethernet interface

                          Router rear panel

                          Router Configuration (Cisco IOS Software)

                          !
                          ip cef
                          !
                          ip route 209.165.200.226 255.255.255.224 analysis-module 2/0 
                          !
                          interface FastEthernet0/0
                           ip address 209.165.202.129 255.255.255.224
                           ip route-cache flow
                           speed auto
                           full-duplex
                           no mop enabled
                           no shutdown
                          !
                          interface Serial 0/0
                           encapsulation ppp
                           ip address 209.165.201.1 255.255.255.224
                           analysis-module monitoring
                           no shutdown
                          !
                          interface analysis-module 2/0
                           ip address 209.165.200.225 255.255.255.224 
                           hold-queue 60 out
                           no shutdown
                          !

                          NAM Configuration (NAM Software)

                          !
                          ip address 209.165.200.226 255.255.255.224
                          !
                          ip host "nam1"
                          !
                          ip domain "cisco.com"
                          !
                          ip gateway 209.165.200.225
                          !
                          ip broadcast 10.255.255.255
                          !
                          ip nameserver 172.16.201.29
                          !
                          ip interface internal
                          !
                          ip http server enable
                          !
                          exsession on
                          !

                          NAM Management Interface Is Internal and Analysis-Module Interface Is IP Unnumbered Example

                          In this configuration example:

                          • The internal NAM interface is used for management traffic.

                          • IP addresses from the same routable subnet are assigned to the Analysis-Module interface and the NAM system.

                          • To conserve IP address space, the Analysis-Module interface is configured as IP unnumbered to borrow the IP address of the Fast Ethernet interface.

                          • A static route to the NAM through the Analysis-Module interface is configured.

                          • The internal NAM interface is used to monitor WAN traffic on interface Serial 0/0, and the external NAM interface is used to monitor LAN traffic on interface Fast Ethernet 0/0.

                          • The NM-NAM is installed in router slot 2.

                          The figure below shows the topology used in the example, and the following sections show the router and NAM configurations:

                          Figure 8. Sample Topology: NAM Management Interface Is Internal and Analysis-Module Interface Is IP Unnumbered

                          Callout

                          Interface

                          Location

                          1

                          Analysis-Module interface

                          Router internal

                          2

                          Internal NAM interface (management)

                          NM-NAM internal

                          3

                          External NAM interface

                          NM-NAM faceplate

                          4

                          Serial interface

                          WAN interface card (WIC)

                          5

                          Fast Ethernet interface

                          Router rear panel

                          Router Configuration (Cisco IOS Software)

                          !
                          ip cef
                          !
                          ip route 209.165.200.226 255.255.255.224 analysis-module 2/0 
                          !
                          interface FastEthernet0/0
                           ip address 209.165.200.225 255.255.255.224
                           ip route-cache flow
                           speed auto
                           full-duplex
                           no mop enabled
                           no shutdown
                          !
                          interface Serial 0/0
                           encapsulation ppp
                           ip address 209.165.201.1 255.255.255.224
                           analysis-module monitoring
                           no shutdown
                          !
                          interface analysis-module 2/0
                           ip unnumbered FastEthernet0/0
                           no shutdown
                           hold-queue 60 out
                          !

                          NAM Configuration (NAM Software)

                          !
                          ip address 209.165.200.226 255.255.255.224
                          !
                          ip host "nam1"
                          !
                          ip domain "cisco.com"
                          !
                          ip gateway 209.165.200.225
                          !
                          ip broadcast 10.255.255.255
                          !
                          ip nameserver 172.16.201.29
                          !
                          ip interface internal
                          !
                          ip http server enable
                          !
                          exsession on
                          !

                          NAM Management Interface Is External and Analysis-Module Interface Is IP Unnumbered Example

                          In this configuration example:

                          • The external NAM interface is used for management traffic.

                          • The Analysis-Module interface is configured as IP unnumbered to borrow the IP address of the loopback interface.

                          • The borrowed loopback interface IP address is not routable.

                          • The NAM system is configured with an IP address from the LAN subnet that is connected to the external NAM interface.

                          • The internal NAM interface is used to monitor WAN traffic on interface Serial 0/0, and the external NAM interface is used to monitor LAN traffic on interface Fast Ethernet 0/0.

                          • The NM-NAM is installed in router slot 3.

                          The figure below shows the topology used in the example, and the following sections show the router and NAM configurations:

                          Figure 9. Sample Topology: NAM Management Interface Is External and Analysis-Module Interface Is IP Unnumbered

                          Callout

                          Interface

                          Location

                          1

                          Analysis-Module interface

                          Router internal

                          2

                          Internal NAM interface

                          NM-NAM internal

                          3

                          External NAM interface (management)

                          NM-NAM faceplate

                          4

                          Loopback interface

                          Router internal

                          5

                          Serial interface

                          WAN interface card (WIC)

                          6

                          Fast Ethernet interface

                          Router rear panel

                          Router Configuration (Cisco IOS Software)

                          !
                          ip cef
                          !
                          interface loopback 0
                           ip address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.0
                          !
                          interface FastEthernet0/0
                           ip address 209.165.201.1 255.255.255.224
                           ip route-cache flow
                           speed auto
                           full-duplex
                           no mop enabled
                           no shutdown
                          !
                          interface Serial 0/0
                           encapsulation ppp
                           ip address 209.165.202.129 255.255.255.224
                           analysis-module monitoring
                           no shutdown
                          !
                          interface analysis-module 3/0
                           ip unnumbered loopback 0 
                           hold-queue 60 out
                           no shutdown
                          !

                          NAM Configuration (NAM software)

                          !
                          ip address 209.165.201.2 255.255.255.224
                          !
                          ip host "nam1"
                          !
                          ip domain "cisco.com"
                          !
                          ip gateway 209.165.201.1
                          !
                          ip broadcast 10.255.255.255
                          !
                          ip nameserver 209.165.201.29
                          !
                          ip interface external
                          !
                          ip http server enable
                          !
                          exsession on
                          !

                          Additional References

                          Related Documents

                          Related Topic

                          Document Title

                          IPv6 addressing and connectivity

                          IPv6 Configuration Guide

                          Cisco IOS commands

                          Cisco IOS Master Commands List, All Releases

                          IPv6 commands

                          Cisco IOS IPv6 Command Reference

                          Cisco IOS IPv6 features

                          Cisco IOS IPv6 Feature Mapping

                          Standards and RFCs

                          Standard/RFC

                          Title

                          RFCs for IPv6

                          IPv6 RFCs

                          MIBs

                          MIB

                          MIBs Link

                          To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

                          http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​go/​mibs

                          Technical Assistance

                          Description

                          Link

                          The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

                          http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​cisco/​web/​support/​index.html

                          Command Reference

                          The following new commands are pertinent to this feature. To see the command pages for these commands and other commands used with this feature, go to the Cisco IOS Master Commands List , Release 12.4, at http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​univercd/​cc/​td/​doc/​product/​software/​ios124/​124mindx/​ 124index.htm.

                          • analysis-module monitoring

                          • interface analysis-module

                          • service-module analysis-module reload

                          • service-module analysis-module reset

                          • service-module analysis-module session

                          • service-module analysis-module shutdown

                          • service-module analysis-module status

                          • show controllers analysis-module

                          • show interfaces analysis-module

                          Feature Information for Network Analysis Module (NM-NAM)

                          The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

                          Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

                          Table 4 Feature Information for Network Analysis Module (NM-NAM)

                          Feature Name

                          Releases

                          Feature Information

                          Network Analysis Module (NM-NAM)

                          12.3(4)XD

                          This feature was introduced on the following platforms: Cisco 2600XM series, Cisco 2691, Cisco 3660, Cisco 3725, and Cisco 3745.

                          Network Analysis Module (NM-NAM)

                          12.3(7)T

                          This feature was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.3(7)T.

                          12.3(8)T4

                          This feature was implemented on the following platforms: Cisco 2811, Cisco 2821, and Cisco 2851.

                          12.3(11)T

                          This feature was implemented on the Cisco 3800 series.

                          Glossary

                          AAA --authentication, authorization, and accounting. Pronounced "triple a."

                          access list --A list kept by routers to control access to or from the router for a number of services (for example, to prevent packets with a certain IP address from leaving a particular interface on the router).

                          CEF --Cisco Express Forwarding.

                          DSMON --Differentiated Services Monitoring.

                          flooding --Traffic passing technique used by switches and bridges in which traffic received on an interface is sent out all the interfaces of that device except the interface on which the information was received originally.

                          GRE --generic routing encapsulation. Tunneling protocol developed by Cisco that can encapsulate a wide variety of protocol packet types inside IP tunnels, creating a virtual point-to-point link to Cisco routers at remote points over an IP internetwork. By connecting multiprotocol subnetworks in a single-protocol backbone environment, IP tunneling using GRE allows network expansion across a single-protocol backbone environment.

                          GUI --graphical user interface. A user environment that uses pictorial as well as textual representations of the input and the output of applications and the hierarchical or other data structure in which information is stored. Such conventions as buttons, icons, and windows are typical, and many actions are performed using a pointing device (such as a mouse). Microsoft Windows and the Apple Macintosh are prominent examples of platforms using a GUI.

                          IP multicast --Routing technique that allows IP traffic to be propagated from one source to a number of destinations or from many sources to many destinations. Rather than sending one packet to each destination, one packet is sent to a multicast group identified by a single IP destination group address.

                          MIB --Management Information Base. Database of network management information that is used and maintained by a network management protocol, such as SNMP or Common Management Information Protocol (CMIP). The value of a MIB object can be changed or retrieved using SNMP or CMIP commands, usually through a GUI network management system. MIB objects are organized in a tree structure that includes public (standard) and private (proprietary) branches.

                          NAT --Network Address Translation. Mechanism for reducing the need for globally unique IP addresses. NAT allows an organization with addresses that are not globally unique to connect to the Internet by translating those addresses into globally routable address space. Also known as Network Address Translator .

                          NetFlow --A feature of some routers that allows them to categorize incoming packets into flows. Because packets in a flow often can be treated in the same way, this classification can be used to bypass some of the work of the router and accelerate its switching operation.

                          PCI --Peripheral Component Interconnect. An industry local bus standard.

                          QoS --quality of service. Cisco IOS QoS technology lets complex networks control and predictably service a variety of networked applications and traffic types.

                          RMON --remote monitoring. MIB agent specification described in RFC 1271 that defines functions for the remote monitoring of networked devices. The RMON specification provides numerous monitoring, problem detection, and reporting capabilities.

                          SNMP --Simple Network Management Protocol. Network management protocol used almost exclusively in TCP/IP networks. SNMP provides a means to monitor and control network devices, and to manage configurations, statistics collection, performance, and security. SNMPv2c supports centralized and distributed network management strategies and includes improvements in the Structure of Management Information (SMI), protocol operations, management architecture, and security. SNMPv3 provides secure access to devices by a combination of authenticating and encrypting packets over the network.

                          SSH --Secure Shell Protocol. A protocol that provides a secure remote connection to a router through a Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) application.

                          UDP --User Datagram Protocol. Connectionless transport layer protocol in the TCP/IP protocol stack. UDP is a simple protocol that exchanges datagrams without acknowledgments or guaranteed delivery, requiring that error processing and retransmission be handled by other protocols. UDP is defined in RFC 768.

                          VoIP --Voice over IP. The capability to carry normal telephony-style voice over an IP-based Internet with POTS-like functionality, reliability, and voice quality. VoIP enables a router to carry voice traffic (for example, telephone calls and faxes) over an IP network. In VoIP, the digital signal processor (DSP) segments the voice signal into frames, which then are coupled in groups of two and stored in voice packets. These voice packets are transported using IP in compliance with ITU-T specification H.323.


                          Note


                          Refer to Internetworking Terms and Acronyms for terms not included in this glossary.