Carrier Ethernet Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS XE Release 3S (Cisco ASR 900 Series)
Multichassis LACP
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Multichassis LACP

Contents

Multichassis LACP

In Carrier Ethernet networks, various redundancy mechanisms provide resilient interconnection of nodes and networks. The choice of redundancy mechanisms depends on various factors such as transport technology, topology, single node versus entire network multihoming, capability of devices, autonomous system (AS) boundaries or service provider operations model, and service provider preferences.

Carrier Ethernet network high-availability can be achieved by employing both intra- and interchassis redundancy mechanisms. Cisco’s Multichassis EtherChannel (MCEC) solution addresses the need for interchassis redundancy mechanisms, where a carrier wants to “dual home” a device to two upstream points of attachment (PoAs) for redundancy. Some carriers either cannot or will not run loop prevention control protocols in their access networks, making an alternative redundancy scheme necessary. MCEC addresses this issue with enhancements to the 802.3ad Link Aggregation Control Protocol (LACP) implementation. These enhancements are provided in the Multichassis LACP (mLACP) feature described in this document.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Prerequisites for mLACP

  • The command lacp max-bundle must be used on all PoAs in order to operate in PoA control and shared control modes.
    • The maximum number of links configured cannot be less than the total number of interfaces in the link aggregation group (LAG) that is connected to the PoA.
    • Each PoA may be connected to a dual-homed device (DHD) with a different number of links for the LAG (configured with a different number of maximum links).
  • Each PoA must be configured using the port-channel min-linkcommand with the desired minimum number of links to maintain the LAG in the active state.
  • Each PoA must be configured with the errdisable recovery cause mlacp command if brute-force failover is being used.
  • For DHD control there must be an equal number of links going to each PoA.
  • The max-bundle value must equal the number of links connected locally to the PoA (no local intra-PoA active or standby protection).
  • LACP fast switchover must be configured on all devices to speed convergence.

Restrictions for mLACP

  • mLACP does not support Fast Ethernet.
  • mLACP does not support half-duplex links.
  • mLACP does not support multiple neighbors.
  • Converting a port channel to mLACP can cause a service disruption.
  • The maximum number of member links per LAG per PoA is restricted by the maximum number of ports per port channel, as limited by the platform.
  • System priority on a DHD must be a lesser priority than on PoAs.
  • MAC Tunneling Protocol (MTP) supports only one member link in a port channel.
  • A port-channel or its member links may flap while LACP stabilizes.
  • DHD-based control does not function when min-links is not configured.
  • DHD-controlled revertive behavior with min-links is not supported.
  • Brute-force failover always causes min-link failures.
  • Any failure with brute-force failover behaves revertively.

The following restrictions are applicable on the Cisco 903 Series Aggregation Services Routers.

  • The maximum number of member links per Link Access Group (LAG) per points of attachment
  • (PoA) is restricted by the maximum number of ports per port channel, as limited by the platform.
  • The lacp max-bundle max-links command must be used on all the PoAs in order to operate in PoA control and shared control modes.
    • The value of the max-links variable must not be less than the total number of interfaces in the LAG, which are connected to the PoA.
    • Each PoA may be connected to the dual-homed device (DHD) with a different number of links for the LAG (and hence configured with a different value for the max-links value) variable.
  • The lacp min-bundle min-links command has local scope only. Each PoA needs to be configured with the required minimum number of links to maintain the LAG in active state.
  • When implementing the Virtual Private LAN Services (VPLS), the pseudowire states are decoupled from the attachment circuit (AC) status by default. The mLACP access state is not relayed on the VPLS pseudowires and the pseudowire continues to operate only in the decoupled mode. Coupled mode is not supported.
  • mLACP and Pseudo-mLACP (P-mLACP) feature interoperation between the Cisco 7600 Series Routers and the Cisco 903 Series Aggregation Services Routers is not supported when the former is used as one PoA and the Cisco ASR 903 as another PoA in the same redundancy group.
  • mLACP for Layer 2 Virtual Private Network (L2VPN) is supported only with the new protocol based CLIs.
  • MAC Tunneling Protocol (MTP) is not supported.
  • The following commands are not supported:
    • ethernet mac-flush notification mirp
    • show ethernet service instance id mac-tunnel
    • errdisable recovery cause mlacp

Information About mLACP

Overview of Multichassis EtherChannel

In Multichassis EtherChannel (MCEC), the DHD is dual-homed to two upstream PoAs. The DHD is incapable of running any loop prevention control protocol such as Multiple Spanning Tree (MST). Therefore, another mechanism is required to prevent forwarding loops over the redundant setup. One method is to place the DHD’s uplinks in a LAG, commonly referred to as EtherChannel. This method assumes that the DHD is capable of running only IEEE 802.3ad LACP for establishing and maintaining the LAG.

LACP, as defined in IEEE 802.3ad, is a link-level control protocol that allows the dynamic negotiation and establishment of LAGs. An extension of the LACP implementation to PoAs is required to convey to a DHD that it is connected to a single virtual LACP peer and not to two disjointed devices. This extension is called Multichassis LACP or mLACP. The figure below shows this setup.

The PoAs forming a virtual LACP peer, from the perspective of the DHD, are defined as members of a redundancy group. For the PoAs in a redundancy group to appear as a single device to the DHD, the states between them must be synchronized through the Interchassis Communication Protocol (ICCP), which provides a control-only interchassis communication channel (ICC).

In Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRE, the system functions in active/standby redundancy mode. In this mode DHD uplinks that connect to only a single PoA can be active at any time. The DHD recognizes one PoA as active and the other as standby but does not preclude a given PoA from being active for one DHD and standby for another. This capability allows two PoAs to perform load sharing for different services.

Interactions with the MPLS Pseudowire Redundancy Mechanism

The network setup shown in the figure above can be used to provide provider edge (PE) node redundancy for Virtual Private LAN Service (VPLS) and Virtual Private Wire Service (VPWS) deployments over Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS). In these deployments, the uplinks of the PoAs host the MPLS pseudowires that provide redundant connectivity over the core to remote PE nodes. Proper operation of the network requires interaction between the redundancy mechanisms employed on the attachment circuits (for example, mLACP) and those employed on the MPLS pseudowires. This interaction ensures the state (active or standby) is synchronized between the attachment circuits and pseudowires for a given PoA.

RFC 4447 introduced a mechanism to signal pseudowire status via the Link Distribution Protocol (LDP) and defined a set of status codes to report attachment circuit as well as pseudowire fault information. The Preferential Forwarding Status bit (draft-ietf-pwe3-redundancy-bit ) definition proposes to extend these codes to include two bits for pseudowire redundancy applications:

  • Preferential forwarding status: active or standby
  • Request pseudowire switchover

The draft also proposes two modes of operation:

  • Independent mode--The local PE decides on its pseudowire status independent of the remote PE.
  • Primary and secondary modes--One of the PEs determines the state of the remote side through a handshake mechanism.

For the mLACP feature, operation is based on the independent mode. By running ICC between the PoAs, only the preferential forwarding status bit is required; the request pseudowire switchover bit is not used.

The local pseudowire status (active or standby) is determined independently by the PoAs in a redundancy group and then relayed to the remote PEs in the form of a notification. Similarly, the remote PEs perform their own selection of their pseudowire status and notify the PoAs on the other side of the core.

After this exchange of local states, the pseudowires used for traffic forwarding are those selected to be active independently on both local and remote ends.

The attachment circuit redundancy mechanism determines and controls the pseudowire redundancy mechanism. mLACP determines the status of the attachment circuit on a given PoA according to the configured LACP system and port priorities, and then the status of the pseudowires on a given PoA is synchronized with that of the local attachment circuits. This synchronization guarantees that the PoA with the active attachment circuits has its pseudowires active. Similarly, the PoA with the standby attachment circuits has its pseudowires in standby mode. By ensuring that the forwarding status of the attachment circuits is synchronized with that of the pseudowires, the need to forward data between PoA nodes within a redundancy group can be avoided. This synchronization saves platform bandwidth that would otherwise be wasted on inter-PoA data forwarding in case of failures.

Redundancy Mechanism Processes

The Carrier Ethernet redundancy solution should include the following processes (and how they apply to the mLACP solution):

  • Attachment circuit active or standby status selection--This selection can be performed by the access node or network, the aggregation node, or combination of the two. For mLACP, the attachment circuit status selection is determined through collaboration between the DHD and the PoAs.
  • Pseudowire forwarding status notification--This notification is mandatory for mLACP operation in VPWS and VPLS deployments; that is, when the PoA uplinks employ pseudowire technology. When the PoAs decide on either an active or standby role, they need to signal the status of the associated pseudowires to the PEs on the far end of the network. For MPLS pseudowires, this is done using LDP.
  • MAC flushing indication--This indication is mandatory for any redundancy mechanism in order to speed convergence time and eliminate potential traffic blackholing. The mLACP redundancy mechanism should be integrated with relevant 802.1Q/802.1ad/802.1ah MAC flushing mechanisms as well as MAC flushing mechanisms for VPLS.

Note


Blackholing occurs when incoming traffic is dropped without informing the source that the data did not reach its intended recipient. A black hole can be detected only when lost traffic is monitored.


  • Active VLAN notification--For mLACP, this notification is not required as long as the PoAs follow the active/standby redundancy model.

The figure below shows redundancy mechanisms in Carrier Ethernet networks.

Dual-Homed Topology Using mLACP

The mLACP feature allows the LACP state machine and protocol to operate in a dual-homed topology. The mLACP feature decouples the existing LACP implementation from the multichassis specific requirements, allowing LACP to maintain its adherence to the IEEE 802.3ad standard. The mLACP feature exposes a single virtual instance of IEEE 802.3ad to the DHD for each redundancy group. The virtual LACP instance interoperates with the DHD according to the IEEE 802.3ad standard to form LAGs spanning two or more chassis.

LACP and 802.3ad Parameter Exchange

In IEEE 802.3ad, the concatenation of the LACP system MAC address and system priority form an LACP system ID (8 bytes). The system ID is formed by taking the two-byte system priority value as the most significant two octets of the system ID. The system MAC address makes up the remainder of the system ID (octets 3 to 8). System ID priority comparisons are based on the lower numerically valued ID.

To provide the highest LACP priority, the mLACP module communicates the system MAC address and priority values for the given redundancy group to its redundancy group peer(s) and vice versa. The mLACP then chooses the lowest system ID value among the PoAs in the given redundancy group to use as the system ID of the virtual LACP instance of the redundancy group.

Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRE introduces two LACP configuration commands to specify the system MAC address and system priority used for a given redundancy group: mlacp system-mac mac-address and mlacp system-priority priority-value. These commands provide better settings to determine which side of the attachment circuit will control the selection logic of the LAG. The default value for the system MAC address is the chassis backplane default MAC address. The default value for the priority is 32768.

Port Identifier

IEEE 802.3ad uses a 4-byte port identifier to uniquely identify a port within a system. The port identifier is the concatenation of the port priority and port number (unique per system) and identifies each port in the system. Numerical comparisons between port IDs are performed by unsigned integer comparisons where the 2-byte Port Priority field is placed in the most significant two octets of the port ID. The 2-byte port number makes up the third and fourth octets. The mLACP feature coordinates the port IDs for a given redundancy group to ensure uniqueness.

Port Number

A port number serves as a unique identifier for a port within a device. The LACP port number for a port is equal to the port’s ifIndex value (or is based on the slot and subslot identifiers on the Cisco 7600 router).

LACP relies on port numbers to detect rewiring. For multichassis operation, you must enter the mlacp node-id node-id command to coordinate port numbers between the two PoAs in order to prevent overlap.

Port Priority

Port priority is used by the LACP selection logic to determine which ports should be activated and which should be left in standby mode when there are hardware or software limitations on the maximum number of links allowed in a LAG. For multichassis operation in active/standby redundancy mode, the port priorities for all links connecting to the active PoA must be higher than the port priorities for links connecting to the standby PoA. These port priorities can either be guaranteed through explicit configuration or the system can automatically adjust the port priorities depending on selection criteria. For example, select the PoA with the highest port priority to be the active PoA and dynamically adjust the priorities of all other links with the same port key to an equal value.

In Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRE, the mLACP feature supports only the active/standby redundancy model. The LACP port priorities of the individual member links should be the same for each link belonging to the LAG of a given PoA. To support this requirement, the mlacp lag-priority command is implemented in interface configuration mode in the command-line interface (CLI). This command sets the LACP port priorities for all the local member links in the LAG. Individual member link LACP priorities (configured by the lacp port-priority command) are ignored on links belonging to mLACP port channels.

The mlacp lag-priority command may also be used to force a PoA failover during operation in the following two ways:

  • Set the active PoA’s LAG priority to a value greater than the LAG priority on the standby PoA. This setting results in the quickest failover because it requires the fewest LACP link state transitions on the standby links before they turn active.
  • Set the standby PoA’s LAG priority to a value numerically less than the LAG priority on the active PoA. This setting results in a slightly longer failover time because standby links have to signal OUT_OF_SYNC to the DHD before the links can be brought up and go active.

In some cases, the operational priority and the configured priority may differ when using dynamic port priority management to force failovers. In this case, the configured version will not be changed unless the port channel is operating in nonrevertive mode. Enter the show lacp multichassis port-channel command to view the current operational priorities. The configured priority values can be displayed by using the show running-config command.

Multichassis Considerations

Because LACP is a link layer protocol, all messages exchanged over a link contain information that is specific and local to that link. The exchanged information includes:

  • System attributes--priority and MAC address
  • Link attributes--port key, priority, port number, and state

When extending LACP to operate over a multichassis setup, synchronization of the protocol attributes and states between the two chassis is required.

System MAC Address

LACP relies on the system MAC address to determine the identity of the remote device connected over a particular link. Therefore, to mask the DHD from its connection to two disjointed devices, coordination of the system MAC address between the two PoAs is essential. In Cisco IOS software, the LACP system MAC address defaults to the ROM backplane base MAC address and cannot be changed by configuration. For multichassis operation the following two conditions are required:

  • System MAC address for each PoA should be communicated to its peer--For example, the PoAs elect the MAC address with the lower numeric value to be the system MAC address. The arbitration scheme must resolve to the same value. Choosing the lower numeric MAC address has the advantage of providing higher system priority.
  • System MAC address is configurable--The system priority depends, in part, on the MAC address, and a service provider would want to guarantee that the PoAs have higher priority than the DHD (for example, if both DHD and PoA are configured with the same system priority and the service provider has no control over DHD). A higher priority guarantees that the PoA port priorities take precedence over the DHD’s port priority configuration. If you configure the system MAC address, you must ensure that the addresses are uniform on both PoAs; otherwise, the system will automatically arbitrate the discrepancy, as when a default MAC address is selected.

System Priority

LACP requires that a system priority be associated with every device to determine which peer’s port priorities should be used by the selection logic when establishing a LAG. In Cisco IOS software, this parameter is configurable through the CLI. For multichassis operation, this parameter is coordinated by the PoAs so that the same value is advertised to the DHD.

Port Key

The port key indicates which links can form a LAG on a given system. The key is locally significant to an LACP system and need not match the key on an LACP peer. Two links are candidates to join the same LAG if they have the same key on the DHD and the same key on the PoAs; however, the key on the DHD is not required to be the same as the key on the PoAs. Given that the key is configured according to the need to aggregate ports, there are no special considerations for this parameter for multichassis operation.

Failure Protection Scenarios

The mLACP feature provides network resiliency by protecting against port, link, and node failures. These failures can be categorized into five types. The figure below shows the failure points in a network, denoted by the letters A through E.

  • A--Failure of the uplink port on the DHD
  • B--Failure of the Ethernet link
  • C--Failure of the downlink port on the active PoA
  • D--Failure of the active PoA node
  • E--Failure of the active PoA uplinks

When any of these faults occur, the system reacts by triggering a switchover from the active PoA to the standby PoA. The switchover involves failing over the PoA’s uplinks and downlinks simultaneously.

Failure points A and C are port failures. Failure point B is an Ethernet link failure and failure point D is a node failure. Failure point E can represent one of four different types of uplink failures when the PoAs connect to an MPLS network:

  • Pseudowire failure--Monitoring individual pseudowires (for example, using VCCV-BFD) and, upon a pseudowire failure, declare uplink failure for the associated service instances.
  • Remote PE IP path failure--Monitoring the IP reachability to the remote PE (for example, using IP Route-Watch) and, upon route failure, declare uplink failure for all associated service instances.
  • LSP failure--Monitoring the LSP to a given remote PE (for example, using automated LSP-Ping) and, upon LSP failure, declare uplink failure for all associated service instances.
  • PE isolation--Monitoring the physical core-facing interfaces of the PE. When all of these interfaces go down, the PE effectively becomes isolated from the core network, and the uplink failure is declared for all affected service instances.

As long as the IP/MPLS network employs native redundancy and resiliency mechanisms such as MPLS fast reroute (FRR), the mLACP solution is sufficient for providing protection against PE isolation. Pseudowire, LSP, and IP path failures are managed by the native IP/MPLS protection procedures. That is, interchassis failover via mLACP is triggered only when a PE is completely isolated from the core network, because native IP/MPLS protection mechanisms are rendered useless. Therefore, failure point E is used to denote PE isolation from the core network.


Note


The set of core-facing interfaces that should be monitored are identified by explicit configuration. The set of core-facing interfaces must be defined independently per redundancy group. Failure point E (unlike failure point A, B, or C) affects and triggers failover for all the multichassis LAGs configured on a given PoA.


Operational Variants

LACP provides a mechanism by which a set of one or more links within a LAG are placed in standby mode to provide link redundancy between the devices. This redundancy is normally achieved by configuring more ports with the same key than the number of links a device can aggregate in a given LAG (due to hardware or software restrictions, or due to configuration). For active/standby redundancy, two ports are configured with the same port key, and the maximum number of allowed links in a LAG is configured to be 1. If the DHD and PoAs are all capable of restricting the number of links per LAG by configuration, three operational variants are possible.

DHD-based Control

The DHD is configured to limit the maximum number of links per bundle to one, whereas the PoAs are configured to limit the maximum number of links per bundle to greater than one. Thus, the selection of the active/standby link is the responsibility of the DHD. Which link is designated active and which is marked standby depends on the relative port priority, as configured on the system with the higher system priority. A PoA configured with a higher system priority can still determine the selection outcome. The DHD makes the selection and places the link with lower port priority in standby mode.

To accommodate DHD-controlled failover, the DHD must be configured with the max-bundle value equal to a number of links (L), where L is the fewest number of links connecting the DHD to a PoA. The max-bundle value restricts the DHD from bundling links to both PoAs at the same time (active/active). Although the DHD controls the selection of active/standby links, the PoA can still dictate the individual member link priorities by configuring the PoA’s virtual LACP instance with a lower system priority value than the DHD’s system priority.

The DHD control variant must be used with a PoA minimum link threshold failure policy where the threshold is set to L (same value for L as described above). A minimum link threshold must be configured on each of the PoAs because an A, B, or C link failure that does not trigger a failover (minimum link threshold is still satisfied) causes the DHD to add one of the standby links going to the standby PoA to the bundle. This added link results in the unsupported active/active scenario.


Note


DHD control does not use the mLACP hot-standby state on the standby PoA, which results in higher failover times than the other variants.


DHD control eliminates the split brain problem on the attachment circuit side by limiting the DHD’s attempts to bundle all the links.

PoA Control

In PoA control, the PoA is configured to limit the maximum number of links per bundle to be equal to the number of links (L) going to the PoA. The DHD is configured with that parameter set to some value greater than L. Thus, the selection of the active/standby links becomes the responsibility of the PoA.

Shared Control (PoA and DHD)

In shared control, both the DHD and the PoA are configured to limit the maximum number of links per bundle to L--the number of links going to the PoA. In this configuration, each device independently selects the active/standby link. Shared control is advantageous in that it limits the split-brain problem in the same manner as DHD control, and shared control is not susceptible to the active/active tendencies that are prevalent in DHD control. A disadvantage of shared control is that the failover time is determined by both the DHD and the PoA, each changing the standby links to SELECTED and waiting for each of the WAIT_WHILE_TIMERs to expire before moving the links to IN_SYNC. The independent determination of failover time and change of link states means that both the DHD and PoAs need to support the LACP fast-switchover feature in order to provide a failover time of less than one second.

mLACP Failover

The mLACP forces a PoA failover to the standby PoA when one of the following failures occurs:

  • Failure of the DHD uplink port, Ethernet link, or downlink port on the active PoA--A policy failover is triggered via a configured failover policy and is considered a forced failover. In Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRE, the only option is the configured minimum bundle threshold. When the number of active and SELECTED links to the active PoA goes below the configured minimum threshold, mLACP forces a failover to the standby PoA’s member links. This minimum threshold is configured using the port-channel min-links command in interface configuration mode. The PoAs determine the failover independent of the operational control variant in use.
  • Failure of the active PoA--This failure is detected by the standby PoA. mLACP automatically fails over to standby because mLACP on the standby PoA is notified of failure via ICRM and brings up its local member links. In the DHD-controlled variant, this failure looks the same as a total member link failure, and the DHD activates the standby links.
  • Failure of the active PoA uplinks--mLACP is notified by ICRM of PE isolation and relinquishes its active member links. This failure is a “forced failover” and is determined by the PoAs independent of the operational control variant in use.

Dynamic Port Priority

The default failover mechanism uses dynamic port priority changes on the local member links to force the LACP selection logic to move the required standby link(s) to the SELECTED and Collecting_Distributing state. This state change occurs when the LACP actor port priority values for all affected member links on the currently active PoA are changed to a higher numeric value than the standby PoA’s port priority (which gives the standby PoA ports a higher claim to bundle links). Changing the actor port priority triggers the transmission of an mLACP Port Config Type-Length-Value (TLV) message to all peers in the redundancy group. These messages also serve as notification to the standby PoA(s) that the currently active PoA is attempting to relinquish its role. The LACP then transitions the standby link(s) to the SELECTED state and moves all the currently active links to STANDBY.

Dynamic port priority changes are not automatically written back to the running configuration or to the NVRAM configuration. If you want the current priorities to be used when the system reloads, the mlacp lag-priority command must be used and the configuration must be saved.

Revertive and Nonrevertive Modes

Dynamic port priority functionality is used by the mLACP feature to provide both revertive mode and nonrevertive mode. The default operation is revertive, which is the default behavior in single chassis LACP. Nonrevertive mode can be enabled on a per port-channel basis by using the lacp failover non-revertivecommand in interface configuration mode. In Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRE this command is supported only for mLACP.

Nonrevertive mode is used to limit failover and, therefore, possible traffic loss. Dynamic port priority changes are utilized to ensure that the newly activated PoA remains active after the failed PoA recovers.

Revertive mode operation forces the configured primary PoA to return to active state after it recovers from a failure. Dynamic port priority changes are utilized when necessary to allow the recovering PoA to resume its active role.

Brute Force Shutdown

A brute-force shutdown is a forced failover mechanism to bring down the active physical member link interface(s) for the given LAG on the PoA that is surrendering its active status. This mechanism does not depend on the DHD’s ability to manage dynamic port priority changes and compensates for deficiencies in the DHD’s LACP implementation.

The brute-force shutdown changes the status of each member link to ADMIN_DOWN to force the transition of the standby links to the active state. Note that this process eliminates the ability of the local LACP implementation to monitor the link state.

The brute-force shutdown operates in revertive mode, so dynamic port priorities cannot be used to control active selection. The brute-force approach is configured by the lacp failover brute-force command in interface configuration mode. This command is not allowed in conjunction with a nonrevertive configuration.

Peer Monitoring with Interchassis Redundancy Manager

There are two ways in which a peer can be monitored with Interchassis Redundancy Manager (ICRM):

  • Routewatch (RW)--This method is the default.
  • Bidirectional Forwarding Detection (BFD)--You must configure the redundancy group with the monitor peer bfd command.

Note


For stateful switchover (SSO) deployments (with redundant support in the chassis), BFD monitoring and a static route for the ICCP connection are required to prevent “split brain” after an SSO failover.


For each redundancy group, for each peer (member IP), a monitoring adjacency is created. If there are two peers with the same IP address, the adjacency is shared regardless of the monitoring mode. For example, if redundancy groups 1 and 2 are peered with member IP 10.10.10.10, there is only one adjacency to 10.10.10.10, which is shared in both redundancy groups. Furthermore, redundancy group 1 can use BFD monitoring while redundancy group 2 is using RW.


Note


BFD is completely dependent on RW--there must be a route to the peer for ICRM to initiate BFD monitoring. BFD implies RW and sometimes the status of the adjacency may seem misleading but is accurately representing the state. Also, if the route to the peer PoA is not through the directly connected (back-to-back) link between the systems, BFD can give misleading results.


An example of output from the show redundancy interface command follows:

Device# show redundancy interface
Redundancy Group 1 (0x1)
  Applications connected: mLACP
  Monitor mode: Route-watch
  member ip: 201.0.0.1 ‘mlacp-201’, CONNECTED
    Route-watch for 201.0.0.1 is UP
    mLACP state: CONNECTED
ICRM fast-failure detection neighbor table
  IP Address       Status Type Next-hop IP      Interface
  ==========       ====== ==== ===========      =========
  201.0.0.1        UP     RW   

To interpret the adjacency status displayed by the show redundancy interchassiscommand, refer to the table below.

Table 1 Status Information from the show redundancy interchassis command

Adjacency Type

Adjacency Status

Meaning

RW

DOWN

RW or BFD is configured, but there is no route for the given IP address.

RW

UP

RW or BFD is configured. RW is up, meaning there is a valid route to the peer. If BFD is configured and the adjacency status is UP, BFD is probably not configured on the interface of the route’s adjacency.

BFD

DOWN

BFD is configured. A route exists and the route’s adjacency is to an interface that has BFD enabled. BFD is started but the peer is down. The DOWN status can be because the peer is not present or BFD is not configured on the peer’s interface.

BFD

UP

BFD is configured and operational.


Note


If the adjacency type is “BFD,” RW is UP regardless of the BFD status.


MAC Flushing Mechanisms

When mLACP is used to provide multichassis redundancy in multipoint bridged services (for example, VPLS), there must be a MAC flushing notification mechanism in order to prevent potential traffic blackholing.

At the failover from a primary PoA to a secondary PoA, a service experiences traffic blackholing when the DHD in question remains inactive and while other remote devices in the network are attempting to send traffic to that DHD. Remote bridges in the network have stale MAC entries pointing to the failed PoA and direct traffic destined to the DHD to the failed PoA, where the traffic is dropped. This blackholing continues until the remote devices age out their stale MAC address table entries (which typically takes five minutes). To prevent this anomaly, the newly active PoA, which has taken control of the service, transmits a MAC flush notification message to the remote devices in the network to flush their stale MAC address entries for the service in question.

The exact format of the MAC flushing message depends on the nature of the network transport: native 802.1Q/802.1ad Ethernet, native 802.1ah Ethernet, VPLS, or provider backbone bridge (PBB) over VPLS. Furthermore, in the context of 802.1ah, it is important to recognize the difference between mechanisms used for customer-MAC (C-MAC) address flushing versus bridge-MAC (B-MAC) address flushing.

The details of the various mechanisms are discussed in the following sections.

Multiple I-SID Registration Protocol

Multiple I-SID Registration Protocol (MIRP) is enabled by default on 802.1ah service instances. The use of MIRP in 802.1ah networks is shown in the figure below.

Device DHD1 is dual-homed to two 802.1ah backbone edge bridges (BEB1 and BEB2). Assume that initially the primary path is through BEB1. In this configuration BEB3 learns that the host behind DHD1 (with MAC address CM1) is reachable via the destination B-MAC M1. If the link between DHD1 and BEB1 fails and the host behind DHD1 remains inactive, the MAC cache tables on BEB3 still refer to the BEB1 MAC address even though the new path is now via BEB2 with B-MAC address M2. Any bridged traffic destined from the host behind DHD2 to the host behind DHD1 is wrongfully encapsulated with B-MAC M1 and sent over the MAC tunnel to BEB1, where the traffic blackholes.

To circumvent the traffic blackholing problem when the link between DHD1 and BEB1 fails, BEB2 performs two tasks:

  • Flushes its own MAC address table for the service or services in question.
  • Transmits an MIRP message on its uplink to signal the far end BEB (BEB3) to flush its MAC address table. Note that the MIRP message is transparent to the backbone core bridges (BCBs). The MIRP message is processed on a BEB because only BCBs learn and forward based on B-MAC addresses and they are transparent to C-MAC addresses.

Note


MIRP triggers C-MAC address flushing for both native 802.1ah and PBB over VPLS.


The figure below shows the operation of the MIRP.

The MIRP has not been defined in IEEE but is expected to be based on the IEEE 802.1ak Multiple Registration Protocol (MRP). MRP maintains a complex finite state machine (FSM) for generic attribute registration. In the case of MIRP, the attribute is an I-SID. As such, MIRP provides a mechanism for BEBs to build and prune a per I-SID multicast tree. The C-MAC flushing notification capability of MIRP is a special case of attribute registration in which the device indicates that an MIRP declaration is “new,” meaning that this notification is the first time a BEB is declaring interest in a particular I-SID.

LDP MAC Address Withdraw

When the mLACP feature is used for PE redundancy in traditional VPLS (that is, not PBB over VPLS), the MAC flushing mechanism is based on the LDP MAC Address Withdraw message as defined in RFC 4762.

The required functional behavior is as follows: Upon a failover from the primary PoA to the standby PoA, the standby PoA flushes its local MAC address table for the affected services and generates the LDP MAC Address Withdraw messages to notify the remote PEs to flush their own MAC address tables. One message is generated for each pseudowire in the affected virtual forwarding instances (VFIs).

How to Configure mLACP

Configuring Interchassis Group and Basic mLACP Commands

Perform this task to set up the communication between multiple PoAs and to configure them in the same group.

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    redundancy

    4.    interchassis group group-id

    5.    monitor peer bfd

    6.    member ip ip-address

    7.    mlacp node-id node-id

    8.    mlacp system-mac mac-address

    9.    mlacp system-priority priority-value

    10.    backbone interface type number

    11.    end


DETAILED STEPS
      Command or Action Purpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Router> enable
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.
     
    Step 2 configure terminal


    Example:
    Router# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3 redundancy


    Example:
    Router(config)# redundancy
     

    Enters redundancy configuration mode.

     
    Step 4 interchassis group group-id


    Example:
    Router(config-red)# interchassis group 50
     

    Configures an interchassis group within the redundancy configuration mode and enters interchassis redundancy mode.

     
    Step 5 monitor peer bfd


    Example:
    Router(config-r-ic)# monitor peer bfd
     

    Configures the BFD option to monitor the state of the peer. The default option is route-watch.

     
    Step 6 member ip ip-address


    Example:
    Router(config-r-ic)# member ip 172.3.3.3
     

    Configures the IP address of the mLACP peer member group.

     
    Step 7 mlacp node-id node-id


    Example:
    Router(config-r-ic)# mlacp node-id 5
     

    Defines the node ID used in the LACP Port ID field by this member of the mLACP redundancy group.

    • The valid range is 0 to 7, and the value should be different from the peer values.
     
    Step 8 mlacp system-mac mac-address


    Example:
    Router(config-r-ic)# mlacp system-mac aa12.be45.d799
     

    Defines and advertises the system MAC address value to the mLACP members of the redundancy group for arbitration.

    • The format of the mac-address argument must be in standard MAC address format: aabb.ccdd.eeff.
     
    Step 9 mlacp system-priority priority-value


    Example:
    Router(config-r-ic)# mlacp system-priority 100
     

    Defines the system priority advertised to the other mLACP members of the redundancy group.

    • System priority values are 1 to 65535. Default value is 32768.
    • The assigned values should be lower than the DHD.
     
    Step 10 backbone interface type number


    Example:
    Router(config-r-ic)# 
    backbone interface GigabitEthernet2/3
    
     

    Defines the backbone interface for the mLACP configuration.

     
    Step 11 end


    Example:
    Router(config-r-ic)# end
     

    Returns the CLI to privileged EXEC mode.

     

    Configuring the mLACP Interchassis Group and Other Port-Channel Commands

    Perform this task to set up mLACP attributes specific to a port channel. The mlacp interchassis group command links the port-channel interface to the interchassis group that was created in the previous Configuring Interchassis Group and Basic mLACP Commands.

    SUMMARY STEPS

      1.    enable

      2.    configure terminal

      3.    interface port-channel port-channel- number

      4.    lacp max-bundle max-bundles

      5.    lacp failover {brute-force| non-revertive}

      6.    exit

      7.    redundancy

      8.    interchassis group group-id

      9.    exit

      10.    exit

      11.    errdisable recovery cause mlacp-minlink

      12.    end


    DETAILED STEPS
        Command or Action Purpose
      Step 1 enable


      Example:
      Router> enable
       

      Enables privileged EXEC mode.

      • Enter your password if prompted.
       
      Step 2 configure terminal


      Example:
      Router# configure terminal
       

      Enters global configuration mode.

       
      Step 3 interface port-channel port-channel- number


      Example:
      Router(config)# interface port-channel1
       

      Configures the port channel and enters interface configuration mode.

       
      Step 4 lacp max-bundle max-bundles


      Example:
      Router(config-if)# lacp max-bundle 4
       

      Configures the max-bundle links that are connected to the PoA. The value of the max-bundles argument should not be less than the total number of links in the LAG that are connected to the PoA.

      • Determines whether the redundancy group is under DHD control, PoA control, or both.
      • Range is 1 to 8. Default value is 8.
       
      Step 5 lacp failover {brute-force| non-revertive}


      Example:
      Router(config-if)# lacp failover brute-force
       

      Sets the mLACP switchover to nonrevertive or brute force. This command is optional.

      • Default value is revertive (with 180-second delay).
      • If you configure brute force, a minimum link failure for every mLACP failure occurs or the dynamic lag priority value is modified.
       
      Step 6 exit


      Example:
      Router(config-if)# exit
       

      Exits interface configuration mode.

       
      Step 7 redundancy


      Example:
      Router(config)# redundancy
       

      Enters redundancy configuration mode.

       
      Step 8 interchassis group group-id


      Example:
      Router(config-red)# interchassis group 230
       

      Specifies that the port channel is an mLACP port channel. The group-id should match the configured redundancy group.

       
      Step 9 exit


      Example:
      Router(config-r-ic)# exit
       

      Exits interchassis redundancy mode.

       
      Step 10 exit


      Example:
      Router(config-red)# exit
       

      Exits redundancy configuration mode.

       
      Step 11 errdisable recovery cause mlacp-minlink


      Example:
      Router(config)# errdisable recovery cause mlacp-minlink
       

      Enables automatic recovery from a failover state of the port channel.

       
      Step 12 end


      Example:
      Router(config)# end
       

      Returns the CLI to privileged EXEC mode.

       

      Configuring Redundancy for VPWS

      Perform this task to provide Layer 2 VPN service redundancy for VPWS.

      SUMMARY STEPS

        1.    enable

        2.    configure terminal

        3.    pseudowire-class pw-class-name

        4.    encapsulation mpls

        5.    status peer topology dual-homed

        6.    exit

        7.    interface port-channel port-channel-number

        8.    no ip address

        9.    lacp fast-switchover

        10.    lacp max-bundle max-bundles

        11.    exit

        12.    redundancy

        13.    interchassis group group-id

        14.    exit

        15.    exit

        16.    interface port-channel port-channel-number

        17.    service instance id ethernet [evc-name]

        18.    encapsulation dot1q vlan-id [, vlan-id[- vlan-id]] [native]

        19.    exit

        20.    xconnect peer-ip-address vc-id {encapsulation mpls | pw-class pw-class-name} [pw-class pw-class-name] [sequencing {transmit | receive | both}]

        21.    backup peer peer-router-ip-addr vcid [pw-class pw-class-name] [priority value]

        22.    end


      DETAILED STEPS
          Command or Action Purpose
        Step 1 enable


        Example:
        Router> enable
         

        Enables privileged EXEC mode.

        • Enter your password if prompted.
         
        Step 2 configure terminal


        Example:
        Router# configure terminal
         

        Enters global configuration mode.

         
        Step 3 pseudowire-class pw-class-name


        Example:
        Router(config)# pseudowire-class ether-pw
         

        Specifies the name of a Layer 2 pseudowire class and enters pseudowire class configuration mode.

         
        Step 4 encapsulation mpls


        Example:
        Router(config-pw-class)# encapsulation mpls
         

        Specifies that MPLS is used as the data encapsulation method for tunneling Layer 2 traffic over the pseudowire.

         
        Step 5 status peer topology dual-homed


        Example:
        Router(config-pw-class)# status peer topology dual-homed
         

        Enables the reflection of the attachment circuit status onto both the primary and secondary pseudowires. This condition is necessary if the peer PEs are connected to a dual-homed device.

         
        Step 6 exit


        Example:
        Router(config-pw-class)# exit
         

        Exits pseudowire class configuration mode.

         
        Step 7 interface port-channel port-channel-number


        Example:
        Router(config)# interface port-channel1
         

        Configures the port channel and enters interface configuration mode.

         
        Step 8 no ip address


        Example:
        Router(config-if)# no ip address
         

        Specifies that the VLAN interface does not have an IP address assigned to it.

         
        Step 9 lacp fast-switchover


        Example:
        Router(config-if)# lacp fast-switchover
         

        Enables LACP 1-to-1 link redundancy.

         
        Step 10 lacp max-bundle max-bundles


        Example:
        Router(config-if)# lacp max-bundle 4
         

        Configures the max-bundle links that are connected to the PoA. The value of the max-bundlesargument should not be less than the total number of links in the LAG that are connected to the PoA.

        • Determines whether the redundancy group is under DHD control, PoA control, or both.
        • Range is 1 to 8. Default value is 8.
         
        Step 11 exit


        Example:
        Router(config-if)# exit
         

        Exits interface configuration mode.

         
        Step 12 redundancy


        Example:
        Router(config)# redundancy
         

        Enters redundancy configuration mode.

         
        Step 13 interchassis group group-id


        Example:
        Router(config-red)# interchassis group 230
         

        Specifies that the port channel is an mLACP port channel.

        • The group-id should match the configured redundancy group.
         
        Step 14 exit


        Example:
        Router(config-r-ic)# exit
         

        Exits interchassis redundancy mode.

         
        Step 15 exit


        Example:
        Router(config-red)# exit
         

        Exits redundancy configuration mode.

         
        Step 16 interface port-channel port-channel-number


        Example:
        Router(config)# interface port-channel1
         

        Configures the port channel and enters interface configuration mode.

         
        Step 17 service instance id ethernet [evc-name]


        Example:
        Router(config-if)# service instance 1 ethernet
         

        Configures an Ethernet service instance.

         
        Step 18 encapsulation dot1q vlan-id [, vlan-id[- vlan-id]] [native]


        Example:
        Router(config-if-srv)# encapsulation dot1q 100
         

        Enables IEEE 802.1Q encapsulation of traffic on a specified subinterface in a VLAN.

         
        Step 19 exit


        Example:
        Router(config-if-srv)# exit
         

        Exits service instance configuration mode.

         
        Step 20 xconnect peer-ip-address vc-id {encapsulation mpls | pw-class pw-class-name} [pw-class pw-class-name] [sequencing {transmit | receive | both}]


        Example:
        Router(config-if)# xconnect 10.0.3.201 123 pw-class ether-pw
         

        Binds an attachment circuit to a pseudowire.

         
        Step 21 backup peer peer-router-ip-addr vcid [pw-class pw-class-name] [priority value]


        Example:
        Router(config-if)# backup peer 10.1.1.1 123 pw-class ether-pw
         

        Specifies a redundant peer for a pseudowire virtual circuit.

         
        Step 22 end


        Example:
        Router(config-if)# end
         

        Returns the CLI to privileged EXEC mode.

         

        Configuring Redundancy for VPLS

        Coupled and Decoupled Modes for VPLS

        VPLS can be configured in either coupled mode or decoupled mode. Coupled mode is when at least one attachment circuit in VFI changes state to active, all pseudowires in VFI advertise active. When all attachment circuits in VFI change state to standby, all pseudowires in VFI advertise standby mode. See the figure below.

        VPLS decoupled mode is when all pseudowires in the VFI are always active and the attachment circuit state is independent of the pseudowire state. This mode provides faster switchover time when a platform does not support pseudowire status functionality, but extra flooding and multicast traffic will be dropped on the PE with standby attachment circuits. See the figure below.

        Steps for Configuring Redundancy for VPLS

        Perform the following task to configure redundancy for VPLS.

        SUMMARY STEPS

          1.    enable

          2.    configure terminal

          3.    l2 vfi name manual

          4.    vpn id vpn-id

          5.    status decoupled

          6.    neighbor neighbor ip-address vc-id {encapsulation mpls | pw-class pw-class-name}

          7.    exit

          8.    interface port-channel port-channel- number

          9.    no ip address

          10.    lacp fast-switchover

          11.    lacp max-bundle max-bundles

          12.    exit

          13.    redundancy

          14.    interchassis group group-id

          15.    exit

          16.    exit

          17.    interface port-channel port-channel- number

          18.    service instance id ethernet [evc-name]

          19.    encapsulation dot1q vlan-id [, vlan-id[- vlan-id]] [native]

          20.    bridge-domain bridge-id [split-horizon [group group-id]]

          21.    exit

          22.    interface vlan vlanid

          23.    no ip address

          24.    xconnect vfi vfi-name

          25.    end


        DETAILED STEPS
            Command or Action Purpose
          Step 1 enable


          Example:
          Router> enable
           

          Enables privileged EXEC mode.

          • Enter your password if prompted.
           
          Step 2 configure terminal


          Example:
          Router# configure terminal
           

          Enters global configuration mode.

           
          Step 3 l2 vfi name manual


          Example:
          Router(config)# l2 vfi vfi1 manual
           

          Establishes a Layer 2 VFI between two separate networks and enters VFI configuration mode.

           
          Step 4 vpn id vpn-id


          Example:
          Router(config-vfi)# vpn id 100 
           

          Sets or updates a Virtual Private Network (VPN) ID on a VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance.

           
          Step 5 status decoupled


          Example:
          Router(config-vfi)# status decoupled
           

          (Optional) Enables decoupled mode. The state of the attachment circuits on the user-facing Provider Edge (uPE) is decoupled from the state of the pseudowires. The mLACP controls the state of the attachment circuits.

           
          Step 6 neighbor neighbor ip-address vc-id {encapsulation mpls | pw-class pw-class-name}


          Example:
          Router(config-vfi)# neighbor 10.1.1.1 50 encapsulation mpls
           

          Specifies the routers that should form a VFI connection.

          • Repeat this command for each neighbor.
           
          Step 7 exit


          Example:
          Router(config-vfi)# exit
           

          Exits VFI configuration mode and returns to global configuration mode.

           
          Step 8 interface port-channel port-channel- number


          Example:
          Router(config)# interface port-channel1
           

          Configures the port channel and enters interface configuration mode.

           
          Step 9 no ip address


          Example:
          Router(config-if)# no ip address
           

          Specifies that the VLAN interface does not have an IP address assigned to it.

           
          Step 10 lacp fast-switchover


          Example:
          Router(config-if)# lacp fast-switchover
           

          Enables LACP 1-to-1 link redundancy.

           
          Step 11 lacp max-bundle max-bundles


          Example:
          Router(config-if)# lacp max-bundle 2
           

          Configures the max-bundle links that are connected to the PoA. The value of the max-bundlesargument should not be less than the total number of links in the LAG that are connected to the PoA.

          • Determines whether the redundancy group is under DHD control, PoA control, or both.
          • Range is 1 to 8. Default value is 8.
           
          Step 12 exit


          Example:
          Router(config-if)# exit
           

          Exits interface configuration mode.

           
          Step 13 redundancy


          Example:
          Router(config)# redundancy
           
          • Enters redundancy configuration mode.
           
          Step 14 interchassis group group-id


          Example:
          Router(config-red)# interchassis group 230
           

          Specifies that the port channel is an mLACP port-channel.

          • The group-id should match the configured redundancy group.
           
          Step 15 exit


          Example:
          Router(config-r-ic)# exit
           

          Exits interchassis redundancy mode.

           
          Step 16 exit


          Example:
          Router(config-red)# exit
           

          Exits redundancy configuration mode.

           
          Step 17 interface port-channel port-channel- number


          Example:
          Router(config)# interface port-channel1
           

          Configures the port channel and enters interface configuration mode.

           
          Step 18 service instance id ethernet [evc-name]


          Example:
          Router(config-if)# service instance 1 ethernet
           

          Configures an Ethernet service instance and enters Ethernet service configuration mode.

           
          Step 19 encapsulation dot1q vlan-id [, vlan-id[- vlan-id]] [native]


          Example:
          Router(config-if-srv)# encapsulation dot1q 100
           

          Enables IEEE 802.1Q encapsulation of traffic on a specified subinterface in a VLAN.

           
          Step 20 bridge-domain bridge-id [split-horizon [group group-id]]


          Example:
          Router(config-if-srv)# bridge-domain 200
           

          Configures the bridge domain. Binds the service instance to a bridge domain instance where domain-number is the identifier for the bridge domain instance.

           
          Step 21 exit


          Example:
          Router(config-if-srv)# exit
           

          Exits service instance configuration mode.

           
          Step 22 interface vlan vlanid


          Example:
          Router(config-if)# interface vlan 200
           

          Creates a dynamic switch virtual interface (SVI).

           
          Step 23 no ip address


          Example:
          Router(config-if)# no ip address
           

          Specifies that the VLAN interface does not have an IP address assigned to it.

           
          Step 24 xconnect vfi vfi-name


          Example:
          Router(config-if)# xconnect vfi vfi-16
           

          Specifies the Layer 2 VFI that you are binding to the VLAN port.

           
          Step 25 end


          Example:
          Router(config-if)# end
           

          Returns the CLI to privileged EXEC mode.

           

          Configuring Hierarchical VPLS

          Perform this task to configure Hierarchical VPLS (H-VPLS).

          SUMMARY STEPS

            1.    enable

            2.    configure terminal

            3.    pseudowire-class pw-class-name

            4.    encapsulation mpls

            5.    status peer topology dual-homed

            6.    status decoupled

            7.    exit

            8.    interface port-channel port-channel- number

            9.    no ip address

            10.    lacp fast-switchover

            11.    lacp max-bundle max-bundles

            12.    exit

            13.    redundancy

            14.    interchassis group group-id

            15.    exit

            16.    exit

            17.    interface port-channel port-channel- number

            18.    service instance id ethernet [evc-name]

            19.    encapsulation dot1q vlan-id [, vlan-id[- vlan-id]] [native]

            20.    exit

            21.    xconnect peer-ip-address vc-id {encapsulation mpls | pw-class pw-class-name} [pw-class pw-class-name] [sequencing {transmit | receive | both}]

            22.    backup peer peer-router-ip-addr vcid [pw-class pw-class-name] [priority value]

            23.    end


          DETAILED STEPS
              Command or Action Purpose
            Step 1 enable


            Example:
            Router> enable
             

            Enables privileged EXEC mode.

            • Enter your password if prompted.
             
            Step 2 configure terminal


            Example:
            Router# configure terminal
             

            Enters global configuration mode.

             
            Step 3 pseudowire-class pw-class-name


            Example:
            Router(config)# pseudowire-class ether-pw
             

            Specifies the name of a Layer 2 pseudowire class and enters pseudowire class configuration mode.

             
            Step 4 encapsulation mpls


            Example:
            Router(config-pw-class)# encapsulation mpls
             

            Specifies that MPLS is used as the data encapsulation method for tunneling Layer 2 traffic over the pseudowire.

             
            Step 5 status peer topology dual-homed


            Example:
            Router(config-pw-class)# status peer topology dual-homed
             

            Enables the reflection of the attachment circuit status onto both the primary and secondary pseudowires. This configuration is necessary if the peer PEs are connected to a dual-homed device.

             
            Step 6 status decoupled


            Example:
            Router(config-pw-class)# status decoupled
             

            (Optional) Enables decoupled mode. The state of the attachment circuits on the uPE is decoupled from the state of the pseudowires. The mLACP controls the state of the attachment circuits.

             
            Step 7 exit


            Example:
            Router(config-pw-class)# exit
             

            Exits pseudowire class configuration mode and returns to global configuration mode.

             
            Step 8 interface port-channel port-channel- number


            Example:
            Router(config)# interface port-channel1
             

            Configures the port channel and enters interface configuration mode.

             
            Step 9 no ip address


            Example:
            Router(config-if)# no ip address
             

            Specifies that the VLAN interface does not have an IP address assigned to it.

             
            Step 10 lacp fast-switchover


            Example:
            Router(config-if)# lacp fast-switchover
             

            Enables LACP 1-to-1 link redundancy.

             
            Step 11 lacp max-bundle max-bundles


            Example:
            Router(config-if)# lacp max-bundle 4
             

            Configures the max-bundle links that are connected to the PoA. The value of the max-bundlesargument should not be less than the total number of links in the LAG that are connected to the PoA.

            • Determines whether the redundancy group is under DHD control, PoA control, or both.
            • Range is 1 to 8. Default value is 8.
             
            Step 12 exit


            Example:
            Router(config-if)# exit
             

            Exits interface configuration mode.

             
            Step 13 redundancy


            Example:
            Router(config)# redundancy
             

            Enters redundancy configuration mode.

             
            Step 14 interchassis group group-id


            Example:
            Router(config-red)# interchassis group 230
             

            Specifies that the port channel is an mLACP port channel.

            • The group-id should match the configured redundancy group.
             
            Step 15 exit


            Example:
            Router(config-r-ic)# exit
             

            Exits interchassis redundancy mode.

             
            Step 16 exit


            Example:
            Router(config-red)# exit
             

            Exits redundancy configuration mode.

             
            Step 17 interface port-channel port-channel- number


            Example:
            Router(config)# interface port-channel1
             

            Configures the port channel and enters interface configuration mode.

             
            Step 18 service instance id ethernet [evc-name]


            Example:
            Router(config-if)# service instance 1 ethernet
             

            Configures an Ethernet service instance and enters Ethernet service configuration mode.

             
            Step 19 encapsulation dot1q vlan-id [, vlan-id[- vlan-id]] [native]


            Example:
            Router(config-if-srv)# encapsulation dot1q 100
             

            Enables IEEE 802.1Q encapsulation of traffic on a specified subinterface in a VLAN.

             
            Step 20 exit


            Example:
            Router(config-if-srv)# exit
             

            Exits service instance configuration mode.

             
            Step 21 xconnect peer-ip-address vc-id {encapsulation mpls | pw-class pw-class-name} [pw-class pw-class-name] [sequencing {transmit | receive | both}]


            Example:
            Router(config-if)# xconnect 10.0.3.201 123 pw-class vlan-xconnect
             

            Binds an attachment circuit to a pseudowire, and configures an Any Transport over MPLS (AToM) static pseudowire.

             
            Step 22 backup peer peer-router-ip-addr vcid [pw-class pw-class-name] [priority value]


            Example:
            Router(config-if)# backup peer 10.1.1.1 123 pw-class ether-pw
             

            Specifies a redundant peer for a pseudowire virtual circuit.

             
            Step 23 end


            Example:
            Router(config-if)# end
             

            Returns the CLI to privileged EXEC mode.

             

            Troubleshooting mLACP

            Debugging mLACP

            Use these debug commands for general mLACP troubleshooting.

            SUMMARY STEPS

              1.    enable

              2.    debug redundancy interchassis {all | application | error | event | monitor}

              3.    debug mpls ldp iccp

              4.    debug lacp [all | event| fsm| misc| multi-chassis [all | database | lacp-mgr | redundancy-group | user-interface] | packet]


            DETAILED STEPS
                Command or Action Purpose
              Step 1 enable


              Example:
              Router> enable
               

              Enables privileged EXEC mode.

              • Enter your password if prompted.
               
              Step 2 debug redundancy interchassis {all | application | error | event | monitor}


              Example:
              Router# debug redundancy interchassis all
               
              • Enables debugging of the interchassis redundancy manager.
               
              Step 3 debug mpls ldp iccp


              Example:
              Router# debug mpls ldp iccp
               
              • Enables debugging of the InterChassis Control Protocol (ICCP).
               
              Step 4 debug lacp [all | event| fsm| misc| multi-chassis [all | database | lacp-mgr | redundancy-group | user-interface] | packet]


              Example:
              Router# debug lacp multi-chassis all
               

              Enables debugging of LACP activity.

              • This command is run on the switch processor.
               

              Debugging mLACP on an Attachment Circuit or EVC

              Use these debug commands for troubleshooting mLACP on an attachment circuit or on an EVC.

              SUMMARY STEPS

                1.    enable

                2.    debug acircuit {checkpoint | error | event}

                3.    debug ethernet service {all | api | error | evc [evc-id] | ha | instance [id id | interface type number | qos] | interface type number | microblock | oam-mgr}


              DETAILED STEPS
                  Command or Action Purpose
                Step 1 enable


                Example:
                Router> enable
                 

                Enables privileged EXEC mode.

                • Enter your password if prompted.
                 
                Step 2 debug acircuit {checkpoint | error | event}


                Example:
                Router# debug acircuit event
                 

                Displays checkpoints, errors, and events that occur on the attachment circuits between the PE and CE routers.

                 
                Step 3 debug ethernet service {all | api | error | evc [evc-id] | ha | instance [id id | interface type number | qos] | interface type number | microblock | oam-mgr}


                Example:
                Router# debug ethernet service all
                 

                Enables debugging of Ethernet customer service instances.

                 

                Debugging mLACP on AToM Pseudowires

                Use the debug mpls l2transport vc command for troubleshooting mLACP on AToM pseudowires.

                SUMMARY STEPS

                  1.    enable

                  2.    debug mpls l2transport vc {event | fsm | ldp | sss | status {event | fsm}}


                DETAILED STEPS
                    Command or Action Purpose
                  Step 1 enable


                  Example:
                  Router> enable
                   

                  Enables privileged EXEC mode.

                  • Enter your password if prompted.
                   
                  Step 2 debug mpls l2transport vc {event | fsm | ldp | sss | status {event | fsm}}


                  Example:
                  Router# debug mpls l2transport status event
                   

                  Displays information about the status of AToM virtual circuits (VCs).

                   

                  Debugging Cross-Connect Redundancy Manager and Session Setup

                  Use the following debugcommands to troubleshoot cross-connect, redundancy manager, and session setup.

                  SUMMARY STEPS

                    1.    enable

                    2.    debug sss error

                    3.    debug sss events

                    4.    debug xconnect {error | event}


                  DETAILED STEPS
                      Command or Action Purpose
                    Step 1 enable


                    Example:
                    Router> enable
                     

                    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

                    • Enter your password if prompted.
                     
                    Step 2 debug sss error


                    Example:
                    Router# debug sss error
                     

                    Displays diagnostic information about errors that may occur during a subscriber service switch (SSS) call setup.

                     
                    Step 3 debug sss events


                    Example:
                    Router# debug sss event
                     

                    Displays diagnostic information about SSS call setup events.

                     
                    Step 4 debug xconnect {error | event}


                    Example:
                    Router# debug xconnect event
                     

                    Displays errors or events related to a cross-connect configuration.

                     

                    Debugging VFI

                    Use the debug vficommand for troubleshooting a VFI.

                    SUMMARY STEPS

                      1.    enable

                      2.    debug vfi {checkpoint | error | event | fsm {error | event}}


                    DETAILED STEPS
                        Command or Action Purpose
                      Step 1 enable


                      Example:
                      Router> enable
                       

                      Enables privileged EXEC mode.

                      • Enter your password if prompted.
                       
                      Step 2 debug vfi {checkpoint | error | event | fsm {error | event}}


                      Example:
                      Router# debug vfi checkpoint
                       

                      Displays checkpoint information about a VFI.

                       

                      Debugging the Segment Switching Manager (Switching Setup)

                      Use the debug ssmcommand for troubleshooting a segment switching manager (SSM).

                      SUMMARY STEPS

                        1.    enable

                        2.    debug ssm {cm errors | cm events | fhm errors | fhm events | sm errors | sm events | sm counters | xdr}


                      DETAILED STEPS
                          Command or Action Purpose
                        Step 1 enable


                        Example:
                        Router> enable
                         

                        Enables privileged EXEC mode.

                        • Enter your password if prompted.
                         
                        Step 2 debug ssm {cm errors | cm events | fhm errors | fhm events | sm errors | sm events | sm counters | xdr}


                        Example:
                        Router# debug ssm cm events
                         

                        Displays diagnostic information about the SSM for switched Layer 2 segments.

                         

                        Debugging High Availability Features in mLACP

                        Use the following debugcommands for troubleshooting High Availability features in mLACP.

                        SUMMARY STEPS

                          1.    enable

                          2.    debug mpls l2transport checkpoint

                          3.    debug acircuit checkpoint

                          4.    debug vfi checkpoint


                        DETAILED STEPS
                            Command or Action Purpose
                          Step 1 enable


                          Example:
                          Router> enable
                           

                          Enables privileged EXEC mode.

                          • Enter your password if prompted.
                           
                          Step 2 debug mpls l2transport checkpoint


                          Example:
                          Router# debug mpls l2transport checkpoint
                           

                          Enables the display of AToM events when AToM is configured for nonstop forwarding/stateful switchover (NSF/SSO) and Graceful Restart.

                           
                          Step 3 debug acircuit checkpoint


                          Example:
                          Router# debug acircuit checkpoint
                           

                          Enables the display of attachment circuit events when AToM is configured for NSF/SSO and Graceful Restart.

                           
                          Step 4 debug vfi checkpoint


                          Example:
                          Router# debug vfi checkpoint
                           

                          Enables the display of VFI events when AToM is configured for NSF/SSO and Graceful Restart.

                           

                          Configuration Examples for mLACP

                          Example Configuring VPWS

                          Two sample configurations for VPWS follow: one example for an active PoA and the other for a standby PoA.

                          The figure below shows a sample topology for a VPWS configuration.

                          Active PoA for VPWS

                          The following VPWS sample configuration is for an active PoA:

                          mpls ldp graceful-restart
                          mpls label protocol ldp
                          !
                          redundancy
                           mode sso
                           interchassis group 1
                            member ip 201.0.0.1
                            backbone interface Ethernet0/2
                            backbone interface Ethernet1/2
                            backbone interface Ethernet1/3
                            monitor peer bfd
                            mlacp node-id 0
                          !
                          pseudowire-class mpls-dhd
                           encapsulation mpls
                           status peer topology dual-homed
                          !
                          interface Loopback0
                           ip address 200.0.0.1 255.255.255.255
                          !
                          interface Port-channel1
                           no ip address
                           lacp fast-switchover
                           lacp max-bundle 1
                           mlacp interchassis group 1
                           hold-queue 300 in
                           service instance 1 ethernet
                            encapsulation dot1q 100
                            xconnect 210.0.0.1 10 pw-class mpls-dhd
                             backup peer 211.0.0.1 10 pw-class mpls-dhd
                          !
                          interface Ethernet0/0
                           no ip address
                           channel-group 1 mode active
                          !
                          interface Ethernet1/3
                           ip address 10.0.0.200 255.255.255.0
                           mpls ip
                           bfd interval 50 min_rx 150 multiplier 3

                          Standby PoA for VPWS

                          The following VPWS sample configuration is for a standby PoA:

                          mpls ldp graceful-restart
                          mpls label protocol ldp
                          mpls ldp graceful-restart
                          mpls label protocol ldp
                          !
                          Redundancy
                           mode sso
                           interchassis group 1
                            member ip 200.0.0.1
                            backbone interface Ethernet0/2
                            backbone interface Ethernet1/2
                            backbone interface Ethernet1/3
                            monitor peer bfd
                            mlacp node-id 1
                          !
                          pseudowire-class mpls-dhd
                           encapsulation mpls
                           status peer topology dual-homed
                          !
                          interface Loopback0
                           ip address 201.0.0.1 255.255.255.255
                          !
                          interface Port-channel1
                           no ip address
                           lacp fast-switchover
                           lacp max-bundle 1
                           mlacp lag-priority 40000
                           mlacp interchassis group 1
                           hold-queue 300 in
                           service instance 1 ethernet
                            encapsulation dot1q 100
                            xconnect 210.0.0.1 10 pw-class mpls-dhd
                             backup peer 211.0.0.1 10 pw-class mpls-dhd
                          !
                          interface Ethernet1/0
                           no ip address
                           channel-group 1 mode active
                          !
                          interface Ethernet1/3
                           ip address 10.0.0.201 255.255.255.0
                           mpls ip
                           bfd interval 50 min_rx 150 multiplier 3

                          Example Configuring VPLS

                          Two sample configurations for VPLS follow: one example for an active PoA and the other for a standby PoA.

                          The figure below shows a sample topology for a VPLS configuration.

                          Active PoA for VPLS

                          The following VPLS sample configuration is for an active PoA:

                          mpls ldp graceful-restart
                          mpls label protocol ldp
                          !
                          redundancy
                           mode sso
                           interchassis group 1
                            member ip 201.0.0.1
                            backbone interface Ethernet0/2
                            monitor peer bfd
                            mlacp node-id 0
                          !
                          l2 vfi VPLS_200 manual
                           vpn id 10
                           neighbor 210.0.0.1 encapsulation mpls
                           neighbor 211.0.0.1 encapsulation mpls
                           neighbor 201.0.0.1 encapsulation mpls
                          !
                          interface Loopback0
                           ip address 200.0.0.1 255.255.255.255
                          !
                          interface Port-channel1
                           no ip address
                           lacp fast-switchover
                           lacp max-bundle 1
                           mlacp interchassis group 1
                           service instance 1 ethernet
                            encapsulation dot1q 100
                            bridge-domain 200
                          !
                          interface Ethernet0/0
                           no ip address
                           channel-group 1 mode active
                          !
                          interface Ethernet1/3
                           ip address 10.0.0.200 255.255.255.0
                           mpls ip
                           bfd interval 50 min_rx 150 multiplier 3
                          !
                          interface Vlan200
                           no ip address
                           xconnect vfi VPLS_200
                          

                          Standby PoA for VPLS

                          The following VPLS sample configuration is for a standby PoA:

                          mpls ldp graceful-restart
                          mpls label protocol ldp
                          !
                          redundancy
                           interchassis group 1
                            member ip 200.0.0.1
                            backbone interface Ethernet0/2
                            monitor peer bfd
                            mlacp node-id 1
                          !
                          l2 vfi VPLS1 manual
                           vpn id 10
                           neighbor 210.0.0.1 encapsulation mpls
                           neighbor 211.0.0.1 encapsulation mpls
                           neighbor 200.0.0.1 encapsulation mpls
                          !
                          interface Loopback0
                           ip address 201.0.0.1 255.255.255.255
                          !
                          interface Port-channel1
                           no ip address
                           lacp fast-switchover
                           lacp max-bundle 1
                           mlacp lag-priority 40000
                           mlacp interchassis group 1
                           service instance 1 ethernet
                            encapsulation dot1q 100
                            bridge-domain 200
                          !
                          interface Ethernet1/0
                           no ip address
                           channel-group 1 mode active
                          !
                          interface Ethernet1/3
                           ip address 10.0.0.201 255.255.255.0
                           mpls ip
                           bfd interval 50 min_rx 150 multiplier 3
                          !
                          interface Vlan200
                           no ip address
                           xconnect vfi VPLS_200

                          Example Configuring H-VPLS

                          Two sample configurations for H-VPLS follow: one example for an active PoA and the other for a standby PoA.

                          The figure below shows a sample topology for a H-VPLS configuration.

                          Active PoA for H-VPLS

                          The following H-VPLS sample configuration is for an active PoA:

                          mpls ldp graceful-restart
                          mpls label protocol ldp
                          !
                          redundancy
                           mode sso
                           interchassis group 1
                            member ip 201.0.0.1
                            backbone interface Ethernet0/2
                            backbone interface Ethernet1/2
                            backbone interface Ethernet1/3
                            monitor peer bfd
                            mlacp node-id 0
                          !
                          pseudowire-class mpls-dhd
                           encapsulation mpls
                           status peer topology dual-homed
                          !
                          interface Loopback0
                           ip address 200.0.0.1 255.255.255.255
                          !
                          interface Port-channel1
                           no ip address
                           lacp fast-switchover
                           lacp max-bundle 1
                           mlacp interchassis group 1
                           hold-queue 300 in
                           service instance 1 ethernet
                            encapsulation dot1q 100
                            xconnect 210.0.0.1 10 pw-class mpls-dhd
                             backup peer 211.0.0.1 10 pw-class mpls-dhd
                          !
                          interface Ethernet0/0
                           no ip address
                           channel-group 1 mode active
                          !
                          interface Ethernet1/3
                           ip address 10.0.0.200 255.255.255.0
                           mpls ip
                           bfd interval 50 min_rx 150 multiplier 3

                          Standby PoA for H-VPLS

                          The following H-VPLS sample configuration is for a standby PoA:

                          mpls ldp graceful-restart
                          mpls label protocol ldp
                          !
                          Redundancy
                           mode sso
                           interchassis group 1
                            member ip 200.0.0.1
                            backbone interface Ethernet0/2
                            backbone interface Ethernet1/2
                            backbone interface Ethernet1/3
                            monitor peer bfd
                            mlacp node-id 1
                          !
                          pseudowire-class mpls-dhd
                           encapsulation mpls
                           status peer topology dual-homed
                          !
                          interface Loopback0
                           ip address 201.0.0.1 255.255.255.255
                          !
                          interface Port-channel1
                           no ip address
                           lacp fast-switchover
                           lacp max-bundle 1
                           mlacp lag-priority 40000
                           mlacp interchassis group 1
                           hold-queue 300 in
                           service instance 1 ethernet
                            encapsulation dot1q 100
                            xconnect 210.0.0.1 10 pw-class mpls-dhd
                             backup peer 211.0.0.1 10 pw-class mpls-dhd
                          !
                          interface Ethernet1/0
                           no ip address
                           channel-group 1 mode active
                          !
                          interface Ethernet1/3
                           ip address 10.0.0.201 255.255.255.0
                           mpls ip
                           bfd interval 50 min_rx 150 multiplier 3

                          Example Verifying VPWS on an Active PoA

                          The following show commands can be used to display statistics and configuration parameters to verify the operation of the mLACP feature on an active PoA:

                          show lacp multichassis group

                          Use the show lacp multichassis group command to display the interchassis redundancy group value and the operational LACP parameters.

                          Router# show lacp multichassis group 100
                          Interchassis Redundancy Group 100
                          Operational LACP Parameters:
                          RG State:     Synchronized
                          System-Id:    200.000a.f331.2680
                          ICCP Version: 0
                          Backbone Uplink Status: Connected
                          Local Configuration:
                          Node-id:   0
                          System-Id: 200.000a.f331.2680
                          Peer Information:
                          State:        Up
                          Node-id:      7
                          System-Id:    2000.0014.6a8b.c680
                          ICCP Version: 0
                          State Flags: Active            - A
                                       Standby           - S
                                       Down              - D
                                       AdminDown         - AD
                                       Standby Reverting - SR
                                       Unknown           - U
                                    
                          mLACP Channel-groups
                          Channel    State      Priority     Active Links   Inactive Links
                           Group   Local/Peer  Local/Peer     Local/Peer      Local/Peer
                             1        A/S     28000/32768        4/4             0/0
                          

                          show lacp multichassis port-channel

                          Use the show lacp multichassis port-channel command to display the interface port-channel value channel group, LAG state, priority, inactive links peer configuration, and standby links.

                          Router# show lacp multichassis port-channel1
                          Interface Port-channel1
                          Local Configuration:
                          Address: 000a.f331.2680
                          Channel Group: 1
                          State: Active
                          LAG State: Up
                          Priority: 28000
                          Inactive Links: 0
                          Total Active Links: 4   
                                     Bundled: 4   
                                    Selected: 4   
                                     Standby: 0   
                                  Unselected: 0   
                          Peer Configuration:
                          Interface: Port-channel1
                          Address: 0014.6a8b.c680
                          Channel Group: 1
                          State: Standby
                          LAG State: Up
                          Priority: 32768
                          Inactive Links: 0
                          Total Active Links: 4   
                                                     Bundled: 0   
                                    Selected: 0   
                                     Standby: 4   
                                  Unselected: 0 
                          

                          show mpls ldp iccp

                          Use the show mpls ldp iccp command to display the LDP session and ICCP state information.

                          Router# show mpls ldp iccp
                           
                          ICPM RGID Table
                            iccp:
                              rg_id: 100, peer addr: 172.3.3.3
                              ldp_session 0x3, client_id 0
                              iccp state: ICPM_ICCP_CONNECTED
                              app type: MLACP
                                  app state: ICPM_APP_CONNECTED, ptcl ver: 0
                          ICPM RGID Table total ICCP sessions: 1
                          ICPM LDP Session Table
                            iccp:
                              rg_id: 100, peer addr: 172.3.3.3
                              ldp_session 0x3, client_id 0
                              iccp state: ICPM_ICCP_CONNECTED
                              app type: MLACP
                                  app state: ICPM_APP_CONNECTED, ptcl ver: 0
                          ICPM LDP Session Table total ICCP sessions: 1
                          

                          show mpls l2transport

                          Use the show mpls l2transport command to display the local interface and session details, destination address, and status.

                          Router# show mpls l2transport vc 2 
                          Local intf     Local circuit              Dest address    VC ID      Status    
                          -------------  -------------------------- --------------- ---------- ----------
                          Po1            Eth VLAN 2                 172.2.2.2       2          UP        
                          Po1            Eth VLAN 2                 172.4.4.4       2          STANDBY   
                          

                          show etherchannel summary

                          Use the show etherchannel summary command to display the status and identity of the mLACP member links.

                          Router# show etherchannel summary
                          Flags:  D - down        P - bundled in port-channel
                                  I - stand-alone s - suspended
                                  H - Hot-standby (LACP only)
                                  R - Layer3      S - Layer2
                                  U - in use      f - failed to allocate aggregator
                                  M - not in use, minimum links not met
                                  u - unsuitable for bundling
                                  w - waiting to be aggregated
                                  d - default port
                          Number of channel-groups in use: 2
                          Number of aggregators:           2
                          Group  Port-channel  Protocol    Ports
                          ------+-------------+-----------+-----------------------------------------------
                          1      Po1(RU)         LACP      Gi2/9(P)    Gi2/20(P)   Gi2/31(P)   
                          

                          show etherchannel number port-channel

                          Use the show etherchannel number port-channel command to display the status and identity of the EtherChannel and and port channel.

                          Router# show etherchannel 51 port-c
                                         
                                          Port-channels in the group:
                                          ----------------------
                           
                          Port-channel: Po51    (Primary Aggregator)
                           
                          ------------
                           
                          Age of the Port-channel   = 0d:02h:25m:23s
                          Logical slot/port   = 14/11          Number of ports = 2
                          HotStandBy port = null
                          Passive port list   = Gi9/15 Gi9/16
                          Port state          = Port-channel L3-Ag Ag-Inuse
                          Protocol            =   LACP
                          Fast-switchover     = enabled
                          Direct Load Swap    = disabled
                           
                          Ports in the Port-channel:
                           
                          Index   Load    Port      EC state        No of bits
                          ------+------+--------+------------------+-----------
                            0     55     Gi9/15     mLACP-stdby   4
                            1     AA     Gi9/16     mLACP-stdby   4
                           
                          Time since last port bundled:    0d:01h:03m:39s    Gi9/16
                          Time since last port Un-bundled: 0d:01h:03m:40s    Gi9/16
                           
                          Last applied Hash Distribution Algorithm: Fixed Channel-group Iedge Counts:
                          --------------------------:
                          Access ref count       : 0
                          Iedge session count    : 0

                          show lacp internal

                          Use the show lacp internalcommand to display the device, port, and member- link information.

                          Router# show lacp internal 
                          Flags:  S - Device is requesting Slow LACPDUs 
                                  F - Device is requesting Fast LACPDUs
                                  A - Device is in Active mode       P - Device is in Passive mode     
                          Channel group 1
                                                      LACP port     Admin     Oper    Port        Port
                          Port      Flags   State     Priority      Key       Key     Number      State
                          Gi2/9     SA      bndl-act  28000         0x1       0x1     0x820A      0x3D  
                          Gi2/20    SA      bndl-act  28000         0x1       0x1     0x8215      0x3D  
                          Gi2/31    SA      bndl-act  28000         0x1       0x1     0x8220      0x3D  
                          Gi2/40    SA      bndl-act  28000         0x1       0x1     0x8229      0x3D  
                          Peer (MLACP-PE3) mLACP member links
                          Gi3/11    FA      hot-sby   32768         0x1       0x1     0xF30C      0x5   
                          Gi3/21    FA      hot-sby   32768         0x1       0x1     0xF316      0x5   
                          Gi3/32    FA      hot-sby   32768         0x1       0x1     0xF321      0x7   
                          Gi3/2     FA      hot-sby   32768         0x1       0x1     0xF303      0x7   
                          

                          Example Verifying VPWS on a Standby PoA

                          The following show commands can be used to display statistics and configuration parameters to verify the operation of the mLACP feature on a standby PoA:

                          show lacp multichassis group

                          Use the show lacp multichassis group command to display the LACP parameters, local configuration, status of the backbone uplink, peer information, node ID, channel, state, priority active, and inactive links.

                          Router# show lacp multichassis group 100
                          Interchassis Redundancy Group 100
                          Operational LACP Parameters:
                          RG State:     Synchronized
                          System-Id:    200.000a.f331.2680
                          ICCP Version: 0
                          Backbone Uplink Status: Connected
                          Local Configuration:
                          Node-id:   7
                          System-Id: 2000.0014.6a8b.c680
                          Peer Information:
                          State:        Up
                          Node-id:      0
                          System-Id:    200.000a.f331.2680
                          ICCP Version: 0
                          State Flags: Active            - A
                                       Standby           - S
                                       Down              - D
                                       AdminDown         - AD
                                       Standby Reverting - SR
                                       Unknown           - U
                                    
                          mLACP Channel-groups
                          Channel    State      Priority     Active Links   Inactive Links
                           Group   Local/Peer  Local/Peer     Local/Peer      Local/Peer
                             1        S/A     32768/28000        4/4             0/0
                          

                          show lacp multichassis portchannel

                          Use the show lacp multichassis portchannel command to display the interface port-channel value channel group, LAG state, priority, inactive links peer configuration, and standby links.

                          Router# show lacp multichassis port-channel1
                          Interface Port-channel1
                          Local Configuration:
                          Address: 0014.6a8b.c680
                          Channel Group: 1
                          State: Standby
                          LAG State: Up
                          Priority: 32768
                          Inactive Links: 0
                          Total Active Links: 4   
                                     Bundled: 0   
                                    Selected: 0   
                                     Standby: 4   
                                  Unselected: 0   
                          Peer Configuration:
                          Interface: Port-channel1
                          Address: 000a.f331.2680
                          Channel Group: 1
                          State: Active
                          LAG State: Up
                          Priority: 28000
                          Inactive Links: 0
                          Total Active Links: 4   
                                                     Bundled: 4   
                                    Selected: 4   
                                     Standby: 0   
                                  Unselected: 0   
                          

                          show mpls ldp iccp

                          Use the show mpls ldp iccpcommand to display the LDP session and ICCP state information.

                          Router# show mpls ldp iccp 
                          ICPM RGID Table
                            iccp:
                              rg_id: 100, peer addr: 172.1.1.1
                              ldp_session 0x2, client_id 0
                              iccp state: ICPM_ICCP_CONNECTED
                              app type: MLACP
                                  app state: ICPM_APP_CONNECTED, ptcl ver: 0
                          ICPM RGID Table total ICCP sessions: 1
                          ICPM LDP Session Table
                            iccp:
                              rg_id: 100, peer addr: 172.1.1.1
                              ldp_session 0x2, client_id 0
                              iccp state: ICPM_ICCP_CONNECTED
                              app type: MLACP
                                  app state: ICPM_APP_CONNECTED, ptcl ver: 0
                          ICPM LDP Session Table total ICCP sessions: 1
                          

                          show mpls l2transport

                          Use the show mpls l2transport command to display the local interface and session details, destination address, and status.

                          Router# show mpls l2transport vc 2
                          Local intf     Local circuit              Dest address    VC ID      Status    
                          -------------  -------------------------- --------------- ---------- ----------
                          Po1            Eth VLAN 2                 172.2.2.2       2          STANDBY   
                          Po1            Eth VLAN 2                 172.4.4.4       2          STANDBY 
                          

                          show etherchannel summary

                          Use the show etherchannel summary command to display the status and identity of the mLACP member links.

                          Router# show etherchannel summary 
                          Flags:  D - down        P - bundled in port-channel
                                  I - stand-alone s - suspended
                                  H - Hot-standby (LACP only)
                                  R - Layer3      S - Layer2
                                  U - in use      f - failed to allocate aggregator
                                  M - not in use, minimum links not met
                                  u - unsuitable for bundling
                                  w - waiting to be aggregated
                                  d - default port
                          Number of channel-groups in use: 2
                          Number of aggregators:           2
                          Group  Port-channel  Protocol    Ports
                          ------+-------------+-----------+-----------------------------------------------
                          1      Po1(RU)         LACP      Gi3/2(P)    Gi3/11(P)   Gi3/21(P)   
                                                           Gi3/32(P)   
                          

                          show lacp internal

                          Use the show lacp internal command to display the device, port, and member-link information.

                          Router# show lacp 1 internal 
                          Flags:  S - Device is requesting Slow LACPDUs 
                                  F - Device is requesting Fast LACPDUs
                                  A - Device is in Active mode       P - Device is in Passive mode     
                          Channel group 1
                                                      LACP port     Admin     Oper    Port        Port
                          Port      Flags   State     Priority      Key       Key     Number      State
                          Gi3/2     FA      bndl-sby  32768         0x1       0x1     0xF303      0x7   
                          Gi3/11    FA      bndl-sby  32768         0x1       0x1     0xF30C      0x5   
                          Gi3/21    FA      bndl-sby  32768         0x1       0x1     0xF316      0x5   
                          Gi3/32    FA      bndl-sby  32768         0x1       0x1     0xF321      0x7   
                          Peer (MLACP-PE1) mLACP member links
                          Gi2/20    SA      bndl      28000         0x1       0x1     0x8215      0x3D  
                          Gi2/31    SA      bndl      28000         0x1       0x1     0x8220      0x3D  
                          Gi2/40    SA      bndl      28000         0x1       0x1     0x8229      0x3D  
                          Gi2/9     SA      bndl      28000         0x1       0x1     0x820A      0x3D  
                          

                          Example Verifying VPLS on an Active PoA

                          The following show commands can be used to display statistics and configuration parameters to verify the operation of the mLACP feature on an active PoA:

                          show lacp multichassis group

                          Use the show lacp multichassis group command to display the LACP parameters, local configuration, status of the backbone uplink, peer information, node ID, channel, state, priority active, and inactive links.

                          Router# show lacp multichassis group 100
                          Interchassis Redundancy Group 100
                          Operational LACP Parameters:
                          RG State:     Synchronized
                          System-Id:    200.000a.f331.2680
                          ICCP Version: 0
                          Backbone Uplink Status: Connected
                          Local Configuration:
                          Node-id:   0
                          System-Id: 200.000a.f331.2680
                          Peer Information:
                          State:        Up
                          Node-id:      7
                          System-Id:    2000.0014.6a8b.c680
                          ICCP Version: 0
                          State Flags: Active            - A
                                       Standby           - S
                                       Down              - D
                                       AdminDown         - AD
                                       Standby Reverting - SR
                                       Unknown           - U
                                    
                          mLACP Channel-groups
                          Channel    State      Priority     Active Links   Inactive Links
                           Group   Local/Peer  Local/Peer     Local/Peer      Local/Peer
                             1        A/S     28000/32768        4/4             0/0

                          show lacp multichassis port-channel

                          Use the show lacp multichassis port-channel command to display the interface port-channel value channel group, LAG state, priority, inactive links peer configuration, and standby links.

                          Router# show lacp multichassis port-channel1
                          Interface Port-channel1
                          Local Configuration:
                          Address: 000a.f331.2680
                          Channel Group: 1
                          State: Active
                          LAG State: Up
                          Priority: 28000
                          Inactive Links: 0
                          Total Active Links: 4   
                                     Bundled: 4   
                                    Selected: 4   
                                     Standby: 0   
                                  Unselected: 0   
                          Peer Configuration:
                          Interface: Port-channel1
                          Address: 0014.6a8b.c680
                          Channel Group: 1
                          State: Standby
                          LAG State: Up
                          Priority: 32768
                          Inactive Links: 0
                          Total Active Links: 4   
                                                     Bundled: 0   
                                    Selected: 0   
                                     Standby: 4   
                                  Unselected: 0   

                          show mpls ldp iccp

                          Use the show mpls ldp iccp command to display the LDP session and ICCP state information.

                          Router# show mpls ldp iccp 
                          ICPM RGID Table
                            iccp:
                              rg_id: 100, peer addr: 172.3.3.3
                              ldp_session 0x3, client_id 0
                              iccp state: ICPM_ICCP_CONNECTED
                              app type: MLACP
                                  app state: ICPM_APP_CONNECTED, ptcl ver: 0
                          ICPM RGID Table total ICCP sessions: 1
                          ICPM LDP Session Table
                            iccp:
                              rg_id: 100, peer addr: 172.3.3.3
                              ldp_session 0x3, client_id 0
                              iccp state: ICPM_ICCP_CONNECTED
                              app type: MLACP
                                  app state: ICPM_APP_CONNECTED, ptcl ver: 0
                          ICPM LDP Session Table total ICCP sessions: 1

                          show mpls l2transport

                          Use the show mpls l2transport command to display the local interface and session details, destination address, and the status.

                          Router# show mpls l2transport vc 4000
                          Local intf     Local circuit              Dest address    VC ID      Status    
                          -------------  -------------------------- --------------- ---------- ----------
                          VFI VPLS       VFI                        172.2.2.2       4000       UP     
                          VFI VPLS       VFI                        172.4.4.4	  4000       UP

                          show etherchannel summary

                          Use the show etherchannel summary command to display the status and identity of the mLACP member links.

                          Router# show etherchannel summary
                          Flags:  D - down        P - bundled in port-channel
                                  I - stand-alone s - suspended
                                  H - Hot-standby (LACP only)
                                  R - Layer3      S - Layer2
                                  U - in use      f - failed to allocate aggregator
                                  M - not in use, minimum links not met
                                  u - unsuitable for bundling
                                  w - waiting to be aggregated
                                  d - default port
                          Number of channel-groups in use: 2
                          Number of aggregators:           2
                          Group  Port-channel  Protocol    Ports
                          ------+-------------+-----------+-----------------------------------------------
                          1      Po1(RU)         LACP      Gi2/9(P)    Gi2/20(P)   Gi2/31(P)   
                                                           Gi2/40(P) 

                          show lacp internal

                          Use the show lacp internal command to display the device, port, and member-link information.

                          Router# show lacp internal 
                          Flags:  S - Device is requesting Slow LACPDUs 
                                  F - Device is requesting Fast LACPDUs
                                  A - Device is in Active mode       P - Device is in Passive mode     
                          Channel group 1
                                                      LACP port     Admin     Oper    Port        Port
                          Port      Flags   State     Priority      Key       Key     Number      State
                          Gi2/9     SA      bndl-act  28000         0x1       0x1     0x820A      0x3D  
                          Gi2/20    SA      bndl-act  28000         0x1       0x1     0x8215      0x3D  
                          Gi2/31    SA      bndl-act  28000         0x1       0x1     0x8220      0x3D  
                          Gi2/40    SA      bndl-act  28000         0x1       0x1     0x8229      0x3D  
                          Peer (MLACP-PE3) mLACP member links
                          Gi3/11    FA      hot-sby   32768         0x1       0x1     0xF30C      0x5   
                          Gi3/21    FA      hot-sby   32768         0x1       0x1     0xF316      0x5   
                          Gi3/32    FA      hot-sby   32768         0x1       0x1     0xF321      0x7   
                          Gi3/2     FA      hot-sby   32768         0x1       0x1     0xF303      0x7   

                          Example Verifying VPLS on a Standby PoA

                          The show commands in this section can be used to display statistics and configuration parameters to verify the operation of the mLACP feature:

                          show lacp multichassis group

                          Use the show lacp multichassis group interchassis group number command to display the LACP parameters, local configuration, status of the backbone uplink, peer information, node ID, channel, state, priority, active, and inactive links.

                          Router# show lacp multichassis group 100
                          Interchassis Redundancy Group 100
                          Operational LACP Parameters:
                          RG State:     Synchronized
                          System-Id:    200.000a.f331.2680
                          ICCP Version: 0
                          Backbone Uplink Status: Connected
                          Local Configuration:
                          Node-id:   7
                          System-Id: 2000.0014.6a8b.c680
                          Peer Information:
                          State:        Up
                          Node-id:      0
                          System-Id:    200.000a.f331.2680
                          ICCP Version: 0
                          State Flags: Active            - A
                                       Standby           - S
                                       Down              - D
                                       AdminDown         - AD
                                       Standby Reverting - SR
                                       Unknown           - U
                                    
                          mLACP Channel-groups
                          Channel    State      Priority     Active Links   Inactive Links
                           Group   Local/Peer  Local/Peer     Local/Peer      Local/Peer
                             1        S/A     32768/28000        4/4             0/0

                          show lacp multichassis portchannel

                          Use the show lacp multichassis portchannel command to display the interface port-channel value channel group, LAG state, priority, inactive links peer configuration, and standby links.

                          Router# show lacp multichassis port-channel1
                          Interface Port-channel1
                          Local Configuration:
                          Address: 0014.6a8b.c680
                          Channel Group: 1
                          State: Standby
                          LAG State: Up
                          Priority: 32768
                          Inactive Links: 0
                          Total Active Links: 4   
                                     Bundled: 0   
                                    Selected: 0   
                                     Standby: 4   
                                  Unselected: 0   
                          Peer Configuration:
                          Interface: Port-channel1
                          Address: 000a.f331.2680
                          Channel Group: 1
                          State: Active
                          LAG State: Up
                          Priority: 28000
                          Inactive Links: 0
                          Total Active Links: 4   
                                                     Bundled: 4   
                                    Selected: 4   
                                     Standby: 0   
                                  Unselected: 0 

                          show mpls ldp iccp

                          Use the show mpls ldp iccp command to display the LDP session and ICCP state information.

                          Router# show mpls ldp iccp 
                          ICPM RGID Table
                            iccp:
                              rg_id: 100, peer addr: 172.1.1.1
                              ldp_session 0x2, client_id 0
                              iccp state: ICPM_ICCP_CONNECTED
                              app type: MLACP
                                  app state: ICPM_APP_CONNECTED, ptcl ver: 0
                          ICPM RGID Table total ICCP sessions: 1
                          ICPM LDP Session Table
                            iccp:
                              rg_id: 100, peer addr: 172.1.1.1
                              ldp_session 0x2, client_id 0
                              iccp state: ICPM_ICCP_CONNECTED
                              app type: MLACP
                                  app state: ICPM_APP_CONNECTED, ptcl ver: 0
                          ICPM LDP Session Table total ICCP sessions: 1

                          show mpls l2transport vc 2

                          Use the show mpls l2transport command to display the local interface and session details, destination address, and status.

                          Router# show mpls l2transport vc 2
                          Local intf     Local circuit              Dest address    VC ID      Status    
                          -------------  -------------------------- --------------- ---------- ----------
                          VFI VPLS       VFI                        172.2.2.2       4000       UP     
                          VFI VPLS       VFI				                      			  172.4.4.4	       4000	       UP

                          showetherchannelsummary

                          Use the show etherchannel summary command to display the status and identity of the mLACP member links.

                          Router# show etherchannel summary
                           
                          Flags:  D - down        P - bundled in port-channel
                                  I - stand-alone s - suspended
                                  H - Hot-standby (LACP only)
                                  R - Layer3      S - Layer2
                                  U - in use      f - failed to allocate aggregator
                                  M - not in use, minimum links not met
                                  u - unsuitable for bundling
                                  w - waiting to be aggregated
                                  d - default port
                          Number of channel-groups in use: 2
                          Number of aggregators:           2
                          Group  Port-channel  Protocol    Ports
                          ------+-------------+-----------+-----------------------------------------------
                          1      Po1(RU)         LACP      Gi3/2(P)    Gi3/11(P)   Gi3/21(P)   
                                                           Gi3/32(P) 

                          show lacp internal

                          Use the show lacp internal command to display the device, port, and member- link information.

                          Router# show lacp 1 internal
                           
                          Flags:  S - Device is requesting Slow LACPDUs 
                                  F - Device is requesting Fast LACPDUs
                                  A - Device is in Active mode       P - Device is in Passive mode     
                          Channel group 1
                                                      LACP port     Admin     Oper    Port        Port
                          Port      Flags   State     Priority      Key       Key     Number      State
                          Gi3/2     FA      bndl-sby  32768         0x1       0x1     0xF303      0x7   
                          Gi3/11    FA      bndl-sby  32768         0x1       0x1     0xF30C      0x5   
                          Gi3/21    FA      bndl-sby  32768         0x1       0x1     0xF316      0x5   
                          Gi3/32    FA      bndl-sby  32768         0x1       0x1     0xF321      0x7   
                          Peer (MLACP-PE1) mLACP member links
                          Gi2/20    SA      bndl      28000         0x1       0x1     0x8215      0x3D  
                          Gi2/31    SA      bndl      28000         0x1       0x1     0x8220      0x3D  
                          Gi2/40    SA      bndl      28000         0x1       0x1     0x8229      0x3D  
                          Gi2/9     SA      bndl      28000         0x1       0x1     0x820A      0x3D 

                          Additional References

                          Related Documents

                          Related Topic

                          Document Title

                          Carrier Ethernet configurations

                          Cisco IOS Carrier Ethernet Configuration Guide , Release 12.2SR

                          Carrier Ethernet commands: complete command syntax, command mode, command history, defaults, usage guidelines, and examples

                          Cisco IOS Carrier Ethernet Command Reference

                          Cisco IOS commands: master list of commands with complete command syntax, command mode, command history, defaults, usage guidelines, and examples

                          Cisco IOS Master Command List, All Releases

                          Standards

                          Standard

                          Title

                          IEEE 802.3ad

                          Link Aggregation Control Protocol

                          IEEE 802.1ak

                          Multiple Registration Protocol

                          MIBs

                          MIB

                          MIBs Link

                          • Cisco-LAG-MIB
                          • IEEE 802.3ad-MIB
                          • IEEE8023-LAG-MIB

                          To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco software releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

                          http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​go/​mibs

                          RFCs

                          RFC

                          Title

                          RFC 4762

                          Virtual Private LAN Service (VPLS) Using Label Distribution Protocol (LDP) Signaling

                          RFC 4447

                          Pseudowire Setup and Maintenance Using the Label Distribution Protocol (LDP)

                          Technical Assistance

                          Description

                          Link

                          The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

                          http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​cisco/​web/​support/​index.html

                          Feature Information for mLACP

                          The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

                          Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

                          Table 2 Feature Information for mLACP

                          Feature Name

                          Releases

                          Feature Information

                          Multichassis LACP (mLACP)

                          12.2(33)SRE 15.0(1)S

                          Cisco’s mLACP feature addresses the need for interchassis redundancy mechanisms when a carrier wants to dual home a device to two upstream PoAs for redundancy. The mLACP feature enhances the 802.3ad LACP implementation to meet this requirement.

                          The following commands were introduced or modified: backbone interface, debug acircuit checkpoint, debug lacp, ethernet mac-flush mirp notification, interchassis group, lacp failover, lacp max-bundle, lacp min-bundle, member ip, mlacp interchassis group, mlacp lag-priority, mlacp node-id, mlacp system-mac, mlacp system-priority, monitor peer bfd, redundancy, show ethernet service instance interface port-channel, show ethernet service instance id mac-tunnel, show lacp, status decoupled, status peer topology dual-homed.

                          Glossary

                          active attachment circuit—The link that is actively forwarding traffic between the DHD and the active PoA.

                          active PW—The pseudowire that is forwarding traffic on the active PoA.

                          BD—bridge domain.

                          BFD—bidirectional forwarding detection.

                          DHD—dual-homed device. A node that is connected to two switches over a multichassis link aggregation group for the purpose of redundancy.

                          DHN—dual-homed network. A network that is connected to two switches to provide redundancy.

                          H-VPLS—Hierarchical Virtual Private LAN Service.

                          ICC—Interchassis Communication Channel.

                          ICCP—Interchassis Communication Protocol.

                          ICPM—Interchassis Protocol Manager.

                          ICRM—Interchassis Redundancy Manager.

                          LACP—Link Aggregation Control Protocol.

                          LAG—link aggregation group.

                          LDP—Link Distribution Protocol.

                          MCEC—Multichassis EtherChannel.

                          mLACP—Multichassis LACP.

                          PoA—point of attachment. One of a pair of switches running multichassis link aggregation group with a DHD.

                          PW-RED—pseudowire redundancy.

                          standby attachment circuit—The link that is in standby mode between the DHD and the standby PoA.

                          standby PW—The pseudowire that is in standby mode on either an active or a standby PoA.

                          uPE—user-facing Provider Edge.

                          VPLS—Virtual Private LAN Service.

                          VPWS—Virtual Private Wire Service.