This document explains the series of actions taken by both Routing
Information Protocol (RIP) and Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (IGRP) when
they send or receive the routing updates.
There are no specific requirements for this document.
The information in this document applies to these software and hardware
The information in this document was created from the devices in a
specific lab environment. All of the devices used in this document started with
a cleared (default) configuration. If your network is live, make sure that you
understand the potential impact of any command.
For more information on document conventions, refer to the
Technical Tips Conventions.
When RIP or IGRP send an update, they perform certain checks before
they advertise the update. This list shows the sequence of events that occurs
before Router 1 sends updates to Router 2. The network
diagram allows you to examine the sequence of events more
When RIP or IGRP receive an update, they perform certain checks before
they accept the update and apply the subnet mask. This is the sequence of
events that occurs before Router 2 accepts an update from Router 1:
When Router 1 sends an update to Router 2, it performs these checks:
Is 18.104.22.168/24 part of the same major net as 22.214.171.124/24, which
sources the update?
Is 126.96.36.199/24 part of the same major net as 188.8.131.52/24, which
sources the update?
This process results in Router 1 including 184.108.40.206 and 220.127.116.11
in its update to Router 2. You can see this in the
command output shown on Router 1:
*Mar 25 00:22:46.177: RIP: sending v1 update to 255.255.255.255 via Serial0 (18.104.22.168)
*Mar 25 00:22:46.178: RIP: build update entries
*Mar 25 00:22:46.182: subnet 22.214.171.124, metric 1
*Mar 25 00:22:46.185: network 126.96.36.199, metric 1
When you issue the
command, you can see the routing update received on
Router 2 from Router 1:
*Mar 25 00:22:46.201: RIP: received v1 update from 188.8.131.52 on Serial0
*Mar 25 00:22:46.203:184.108.40.206 in 1 hops
*Mar 25 00:22:46.205:220.127.116.11 in 1 hops
Look at the checks Router 2 performs in order to determine what mask to
apply on a received network.
Is the received major net 18.104.22.168 the same as 22.214.171.124, which
is the address assigned to the interface that received the update?
Does subnet 126.96.36.199 belong to the same major net as subnet
188.8.131.52, which is the interface that received the update?
This process results in these networks and masks in the routing table
of Router 2, displayed with the
R 184.108.40.206/16 [120/1] via 220.127.116.11, 00:00:07, Serial0
18.104.22.168/24 is subnetted, 3 subnets
R 22.214.171.124 [120/1] via 126.96.36.199, 00:00:08, Serial0
C 188.8.131.52 is directly connected, Serial0
C 184.108.40.206 is directly connected, Ethernet0