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Table Of Contents

Cisco AS5800 Universal Access Server Split Dial Shelf Installation and Configuration

Document Contents

If You Need More Information

Cisco AS5800 Universal Access Server Overview

Increased Bandwidth

Cisco 5814 Dial Shelf Overview

Clock Management

Dial Shelf OIR Events

Feature Board Bootup

Slot Ownership Arbitration

Hub Redundancy

TDM Resource Allocation

Environmental Monitoring

Cisco 7206 Router Overview

Network Interfaces

Power Supplies

Network Processing Engine

The Midplane

Rack-Mount Kit

Field-Replaceable Units

Dial Shelf Interconnect Port Adapter Overview

Dial Shelf Interconnect Cable

Safety Guidelines

Preventing Electrostatic Discharge Damage

Safety Warnings

Online Insertion and Removal

Tools and Parts Required

Ensuring Easy System Access

Removing a Router Shelf

Replacing a Router Shelf

Connecting the Cables

Installing and Removing Flash Memory Cards

Installing a Flash Memory Card

Removing a Flash Memory Card

Starting the Cisco 7206

Commands for Split Dial Shelf Systems

Split Dial Shelf Configuration

Changing to Split Mode

Transition Procedure

Changing Slot Sets

Leaving Split Mode

Potential Problems

Show Commands

Managing a Split Dial Shelf

Configuring the Routers

Error Messages

Verifying and Troubleshooting the Installation

Problem Solving with Subsystems

FCC Compliance

Cisco Connection Online


Cisco AS5800 Universal Access Server Split Dial Shelf Installation and Configuration


The split dial shelf configuration of the Cisco AS5800 Universal Access Server dial platform increases bandwidth by using two Cisco 7206 router shelves to service a single Cisco AS5814 dial shelf. The dual router shelves serve as the interfaces between the "split" Cisco AS5814 dial shelf and the external network. This configuration provides the equivalent of two Cisco AS5800 Universal Access Servers in a single rack.

This document explains how to install and configure dual Cisco 7206 router shelves in the Cisco AS5800 Universal Access Server to implement the split dial shelf configuration. Also included are instructions for verifying and troubleshooting the installation.


Note   Use this document in conjunction with the Cisco AS5800 Universal Access Server Hardware Installation and Configuration Guide, the Cisco AS5800 Universal Access Server Software Installation and Configuration Guide, and the Cisco 7206 Installation and Configuration Guide that shipped with your Cisco AS5800 Universal Access Server.


Document Contents

The following sections are included in this document:

If You Need More Information

Cisco AS5800 Universal Access Server Overview

Safety Guidelines

Online Insertion and Removal

Commands for Split Dial Shelf Systems

Verifying and Troubleshooting the Installation

FCC Compliance

Cisco Connection Online

If You Need More Information

For additional information regarding the Cisco AS5800 Universal Access Server that is beyond the scope of this document, use the following resources:

For Cisco AS5800 Universal Access Server hardware installation and maintenance information, refer to the Cisco AS5800 Universal Access Server Hardware Installation and Configuration Guide (Document Number DOC-AS5800-HICG=) that shipped with your system.

For Cisco AS5800 Universal Access Server software installation and configuration, refer to the Cisco AS5800 Universal Access Server Software Installation and Configuration Guide (Document Number DOC-AS5800-SICG=) that shipped with your system.

For international agency compliance, safety, and statutory information for wide-area network (WAN) interfaces for the Cisco AS5800 Universal Access Server, refer to the document Cisco AS5800 Universal Access Server Regulatory Compliance and Safety Information (Part Number 78-4666-xx) that shipped with your system.

To obtain general information about documentation, refer to the section "Cisco Connection Online," or call customer service at 800 553-6387, or 408 526-7208. Customer service hours are 5:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m., Pacific Time, Monday through Friday (excluding Cisco-observed holidays). You can also send e-mail to cs-rep@cisco.com, or you can refer to the Cisco Information Packet that shipped with your system.

Cisco documentation and additional literature is available in a CD-ROM package, which ships with your product. The Documentation CD-ROM, a member of the Cisco Connection Family, is updated monthly; therefore, it might be more current than printed documentation. To order additional copies of the Documentation CD-ROM, contact your local sales representative or call customer service. The CD-ROM package is available as a single package or as an annual subscription. You can also access Cisco documentation on the World Wide Web at http://www.cisco.com, http://www-china.cisco.com, or http://www-europe.cisco.com.

If you are reading Cisco product documentation on the World Wide Web, you can submit comments electronically. Click Feedback on the toolbar, and then select Documentation. After you complete the form, click Submit to send it to Cisco. We appreciate your comments.

For additional Cisco IOS software information, refer to the following modular configuration and modular command reference publications, as appropriate for your configuration:

Configuration Fundamentals Configuration Guide

Configuration Fundamentals Command Reference

Dial Solutions Configuration Guide

Wide-Area Networking Configuration Guide

Wide-Area Networking Command Reference

Network Protocols Configuration Guide

Network Protocols Command Reference

Configuration Builder Getting Started Guide

Troubleshooting Internetworking Systems

Debug Command Reference

System Error Messages

Cisco IOS Software Command Summary

Cisco Management Information Base (MIB) User Quick Reference

Cisco AS5800 Universal Access Server Overview

The Cisco AS5800 Universal Access Server is a high-density Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) and modem WAN dial aggregation system that provides digital and analog call termination. The Cisco AS5800 is intended to be used in service provider dial point of presence (POP), or centralized enterprise dial environments, and integrates with Cisco AS5200 and Cisco AS5300 access servers for scaling your service provider network.

The AS5800 components include a Cisco AS5814 dial shelf and dual Cisco 7206 router shelves. An optional AC power shelf is also available. Feature cards in the dial shelf communicate with the router shelves over nonblocking interconnect cables that support 100-Mbps full-duplex service. The dual router shelves support the split dial shelf and perform all routing and packet processing. The dual router shelves also house the main system software images.


Note   The dual Cisco 7206 router shelves must have the same processor type (NPE-200 or NPE-300).


The dial shelf and the dual router shelves are bundled, and can be ordered to support either AC or DC power. The dial shelf includes a blower assembly, filter module, and DC-input power entry modules (PEMs). The bundled system also includes selected ingress trunk cards and modem cards, as well as dial shelf controller (DSC) cards, Flash memory cards, cables, and Cisco IOS software.

The AS5800 also supports high availability of service through online insertion and removal (OIR) capabilities and redundant power supplies that are hot swappable. All active components within the dial shelf chassis support OIR, which allows components to be removed or replaced while the system is powered on. Feature cards can be busied-out through the software to avoid loss of calls.

Increased Bandwidth

The Cisco AS5800 Universal Access Server is limited by the speed at which the router shelf can process and switch packets. Additional capacity, as well as redundancy, is provided by installing dual router shelves and splitting the dial shelf. This solution reduces the unit of failure to half of the Cisco AS5800 system while doubling system capacity. The split dial shelf configuration thus increases system bandwidth by having two router shelves service a single dial shelf.

Each router shelf connects to one of the DSCs in the dial shelf. Load sharing is managed by having the dial shelf feature boards divided between the two router shelves. Each router controls its own set of feature boards as if those were the only boards present—there is no interaction between feature boards owned by one router and feature boards owned by the other router, or between the two routers. You must configure the division of the dial shelf slots between the two routers so that each router controls an appropriate mix of trunk and modem cards.

For example, if a dial shelf contained two T3 cards in slots 0 and 1, with modem cards in the remaining slots, 2 through 11, a typical configuration would be where one router shelf owned slot 0 and slots 2 through 6, and the other router shelf owned slot 1 and slots 7 through 11. With this configuration each router shelf would own one T3 trunk card and five modem cards.

An example of an incorrect configuration would be to have one router shelf own slots 0 through 5, and the other router shelf own slots 6 through 11. In this case, the first router shelf would own both trunk cards and the second router shelf would own no trunk cards. The software cannot detect invalid configurations; you must correctly allocate the slots in the dial shelf.

Other configuration problems can arise if there are two routers connected to the dial shelf, but one router is not configured in split mode. There can also be problems if both routers are configured in split mode. If a dial-shelf split slots command (as entered) would result in a slot ownership conflict, the command will be rejected. Only one router can claim ownership of any dial shelf slot. See the "Commands for Split Dial Shelf Systems" section for more information.


Note   Cisco IOS Release 11.3 (8) AA or later is required to support the split dial shelf configuration.


shows a front view of a fully configured Cisco AS5800 Universal Access Server with dual router shelves (split dial shelf). shows a rear view of the same system.

Figure 1 Cisco AS5800 Universal Access Server with Split Dial Shelf—Front View

Figure 2 Cisco AS5800 Universal Access Server with Split Dial Shelf—Rear View

Cisco 5814 Dial Shelf Overview

The Cisco AS5814 dial shelf contains 14 slots (numbered 0 through 13 on the backplane) and can support up to 10 modem cards, 2 T3 or 4 T1 trunk cards, and 2 DSCs. Slots 12 and 13 in the dial shelf are dedicated slots for the DSCs. Metal guard pins on the backplane module prevent you from installing any other type of card in these two slots. The modular chassis supports OIR and redundant power, and includes environmental monitoring and feedback control.

The dial shelf contains ingress interfaces (CT1/CE1 or CT3/CE3 Primary Rate Interfaces (PRI)) that terminate ISDN and modem calls, and break out individual calls from the appropriate telco services. Digital signal level 0 (DS0) or ISDN calls are terminated on the trunk card High-level Data Link Control (HDLC) controllers, and analog calls are sent to modem resources on the modem cards. As a result, any DS0 can be mapped to any HDLC controller or modem module. You can install multiple ingress interface cards of like or different types, which enables you to configure your systems as fully operative, port redundant, or card redundant, depending on your specific needs.

shows the Cisco AS5814 dial shelf fully loaded.

Figure 3 Cisco AS5814 Dial Shelf

Clock Management

The DSCs also provide clock and power control to the dial shelf feature cards. Each DSC contains a block of logic that is referred to as the common logic and system clocks. This block of logic can use a variety of sources to generate the system timing, including an E1/E3 or T1/T3 input signal from the BNC connector on the DSC's front panel.

Only one common logic is active at any one time, which is indicated by the clock (CLK) LED on the DSC's front panel. The active common logic is user selectable and is independent from each DSC. This assures that if a DSC needs replacing, or if the slave DSC becomes the master, clocking remains stable. The selected common logic should not be changed during normal operation, unless related hardware failure is suspected or diagnosed.

The configuration commands for the master clock specify the various clock sources and a priority for each source. Together these commands define a list, ordered by priority, of the clock sources used to generate the master clock. The prioritized list, configured on the router shelves, is passed to and stored by the DSC providing the active clock. In the event of failure of the highest priority clock source, the DSC switches to the source with the next highest priority.

With a split dial shelf, the clock sources can be configured on either of the router shelves. Typically a router configures clock sources only from the slots that it owns; clock sources from other slots can be configured, but they will be ignored. On the dial shelf, all valid clock source configurations need to be known to the DSC providing the clock, including the clock source configurations on the router connected to the other DSC.

In a typical Cisco AS5800 configuration (without a split dial shelf), clock source configuration lines that specify an external clock are sent directly from the router shelf to both DSCs. In the split dial shelf configuration a router can send the clock source configuration only to the DSC to which it is connected, not to both DSCs. If an external clock is used in a split dial shelf configuration, it must be configured identically on both router shelves and must be physically connected to both DSCs.

An error condition can arise if a clock input on one router is configured to have the same priority as a clock input configured on the other router. However, the command is not rejected since we may not know all the values configured on the other router. Warning messages are issued to both routers when this condition is detected. Two clock inputs specified with identical priorities will both go into the ordered list of clock sources, but the one received first by the DSC providing the active clock will be assigned a higher priority.

The show dial-shelf clocks command shows all configured clock sources, even those from non-owned trunk cards. There can be only one DSC providing the master clock; however, it may need to have backup clock sources configured from all trunk cards present (regardless of which DSC owns them).

Dial Shelf OIR Events

Each DSC needs to know whether it is to operate in split mode or normal mode, and in split mode it needs to know which slots are owned by its connected router. Currently the DSCs receive inventory messages from the router shelves, informing them which cards the routers think are present in the dial shelf. In split mode operation, these messages have been extended to inform the DSC which mode is current, and the set of slots it owns if it is in split mode.

Split dial shelf configurations are managed by having the slots that are owned by one router appearing as empty slots to the other router. A router shelf is informed of dial shelf OIR events by messages that are sent to the router shelf when a card is inserted in or removed from a slot. In the split dial shelf configuration, once a DSC is informed by the connected router which slots it owns, it sends messages only for dial shelf OIR events that occur in slots that the connected router shelf owns. The hub on each DSC is configured to ignore traffic from cards in non-owned slots.

Feature Board Bootup

When a feature board starts running, it sends a message to the DSC. The DSC checks if it is the master for that slot. In the split dial shelf mode, only the DSC whose connected router owns the slot containing the feature board will respond to the message. The feature board subsequently uses receive firmware and a bootstrap image from that DSC, and configures itself to communicate through that DSC's hub. The first time a router shelf sends an inventory response to the DSC, it includes a flag indicating that all feature boards should be reloaded. In the split mode the final feature board image is downloaded by each DSC from the router shelf that owns it.

Slot Ownership Arbitration

The DSCs communicate between themselves to determine which one is to be active, where "being active" implies being the master for all the feature board slots in the dial shelf. In the split mode, each DSC is the master for the set of feature boards in the slots owned by its connected router. Additional messages are used to indicate when the DSCs are in split mode, and what set of slots they control.

A DSC that is already in split mode simply advertises that it is in split mode and which slots it is claiming. When the second DSC receives an indication that the first DSC is in split mode, its behavior depends on the current configuration of its attached router.

If the attached router is not configured for split mode, the second DSC sends error messages to its connected router and indicates its router's state to the first DSC. The first DSC issues the same error messages to its router.

If one attached router is configured in split mode and the other is in normal mode, the router that is in normal mode stops claiming ownership of any slots and it does not respond to boot requests from any of the feature boards. The router that is in split mode responds to boot requests only from feature boards in the slots that it owns. However, it will not take over (restart) the feature boards in its slots until the normal mode router is removed or is also configured in split mode.

Hub Redundancy

In normal mode, both DSCs are connected to the same router shelf. The active DSC monitors the status of its link to the router shelf and, in the event of link failure, requests the other DSC to take over. When operating in split mode, each DSC is connected to a different router shelf, so the DSCs do not send or respond to link failure messages. If one DSC's link fails, the other DSC cannot transparently take over.

TDM Resource Allocation

Trunk cards and modem cards are tied together across a time-division multiplexing (TDM) bus on the dial shelf backplane. Timeslots for the TDM bus are allocated on a call-by-call basis by the router shelf. This is implemented by initializing a queue, at start-up, with one element for each usable timeslot (currently 14*128 = 1792 timeslots are used). Timeslots are allocated for a call from the front of the queue, and replaced at the end of the queue when the call is completed. For split dial shelf operation timeslots are added to the queue dynamically as they are needed. When a TDM slot is required and the queue is empty, a chunk of TDM slots is allocated to the queue.

In normal mode, the router shelf connected to the DSC in slot 12 allocates timeslots starting from 0 going up, and the router shelf connected to the DSC in slot 13 allocates timeslots starting from 1791 going down. For split dial shelf operation each router is assigned half of the usable set of timeslots. The router shelf connected to the DSC in slot 12 controls the first half of the timeslots (0-895). The router shelf connected to the DSC in slot 13 controls the second half of the timeslots (896-1791).

Environmental Monitoring

In split mode, environmental monitoring for the full dial shelf is carried out by both DSCs. This means that warnings about overheating cards go to both router shelves, regardless of which one owns the card (or even if neither claims ownership of the card). By having the warnings go to both routers, the chance of an environmental problem going unreported is reduced.

Cisco 7206 Router Overview

This section provides physical and functional overviews of the Cisco 7206 router shelves. It contains physical descriptions of the router hardware and major components, and functional descriptions of hardware-related features.

The Cisco 7206 router supports call signaling for PRI interfaces, packet processing, and multiprotocol, multimedia routing and bridging with all commonly used high-speed LAN and WAN interfaces including Ethernet, Fast Ethernet (FE), Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM), High-Speed Serial Interface (HSSI), and Fiber Distributed Data Interface (FDDI).

The Cisco 7206 router shelf handles upper layer routing tasks, and provides the following features:

OIR—Online insertion and removal allows you to add, replace, or remove port adapters without interrupting the system or entering any console commands.

Dual hot-swappable, load-sharing power supplies—Provide system power redundancy; if one power supply or power source fails, the other power supply maintains system power without interruption. Also, when one power supply is powered off, the second power supply immediately takes over the router's power requirements without interrupting normal operation.

Environmental monitoring and reporting functions—Allow you to maintain normal system operation by resolving adverse environmental conditions prior to loss of operation.

Downloadable software—Allows you to load new images into Flash memory remotely, without having to physically access the Cisco 7206 router, for fast, reliable upgrades.

shows the significant Cisco 7206 router components.

Figure 4 Cisco 7206 Router Components


Note   In a blank port adapter is installed in slot 5. To ensure adequate airflow across the port adapters, each slot must be filled with either a port adapter or a blank port adapter.


Network Interfaces

Network interfaces reside on port adapters that provide the connection between the router's three Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) buses and external networks. The Cisco 7206 has six slots (slot 1 through slot 6) for the port adapters, one slot for an Input/Output (I/O) controller, and one slot for a network processing engine (NPE). You can place port adapters in any of the six available slots.

The front of the Cisco 7206 provides access to an I/O controller and up to six network interface port adapters. The I/O controller contains the following:

Local console port for connecting a data terminal (or data terminal equipment [DTE]) and an auxiliary port for connecting a modem (or other data communications equipment [DCE]) or other devices for configuring and managing the router

Two Personal Computer Memory Card International Association (PCMCIA) slots for Flash memory cards

Optional Fast Ethernet port, which provides a 100-Mbps connection to the network


Note   The I/O controller is available with or without a Fast Ethernet port. The I/O controller with a Fast Ethernet port is equipped with both a media-independent interface (MII) receptacle and an RJ-45 receptacle; however, only one of these two receptacles can be used at a time.


The port adapters installed in the Cisco 7206 router are of the same type as those installed on the second-generation Versatile Interface Processors (VIP2s) in the Cisco 7500 series routers, in Cisco 7000 series routers using the Cisco 7000 series Route Switch Processor (RSP7000) and Cisco 7000 series Chassis Interface (RSP7000CI), and in the Cisco uBR7246 universal broadband router. The port adapters installed in the Cisco 7206 support OIR. For an explanation of OIR, see the "Online Insertion and Removal" section.


Note   The I/O controller does not support OIR. You must power down the Cisco 7206 before removing the I/O controller from either router shelf.


Port adapter slots in the Cisco 7206 routers are numbered from left to right from the bottom up, beginning with port adapter slot 1 and continuing through port adapter slot 6. Port adapter slot 0 is the Fast Ethernet port on the I/O controller. See .

Figure 5 Port Adapter Slot Numbering

Power Supplies

The Cisco 7206 router comes equipped with one 280W AC-input or one 280W DC-input power supply. A fully configured Cisco 7206 router operates with only one installed power supply; however, a second, optional power supply of the same type provides hot-swappable, load-sharing, redundant power. shows the rear of a Cisco 7206 router configured with a single AC-input power supply. (A power supply filler plate is installed over the second power supply bay.)


Caution   Do not mix power supplies in the Cisco 7206. In dual power supply router configurations, both power supplies must be of the same type (two AC-input power supplies or two DC-input power supplies).

The power supply has the router's main power switch and either an AC-input power receptacle or a hardwired DC-input power cable (depending on the type of installed power supply). The rear of the Cisco 7206 router provides access to the network processing engine and the power supplies. Adjacent to the power supply bays there are two chassis ground receptacles that provide a chassis ground connection for ESD equipment or a two-hole grounding lug. See .

Figure 6 Cisco 7206 Router—Rear View

Three internal fans draw cooling air into chassis and across internal components to maintain an acceptable operating temperature. The three fans are enclosed in a tray that is located in the subchassis.


Caution   To ensure the proper flow of cooling air across the internal components, make sure blank port adapters are installed in all unoccupied port adapter slots, and power supply filler plates are installed in unoccupied power supply bays.

Network Processing Engine

The network processing engine has no external connectors or LEDs. There is a handle for removing and installing the network processing engine and two captive screws for securing it to the chassis.


Note   The network processing engine does not support OIR. You must power down the Cisco 7206 before removing the network processing engine from the router.


The Midplane

The I/O controller, port adapters, power supplies, and network processing engine slide into their respective chassis slots and connect directly to the router's midplane; there are no internal cables to connect. The midplane distributes DC power from the power supplies to the I/O controller, port adapters, fan tray, and network processing engine.

The midplane also identifies OIR of the port adapters, bridges the PCI buses from the port adapters to packet static random-access memory (SRAM) on the network processing engine, arbitrates traffic across the PCI buses, and generates the clock signals for the port adapters on each PCI bus.

Rack-Mount Kit

A rack-mount kit is standard equipment included with all Cisco 7206 routers when they are shipped from the factory. The kit provides the hardware needed to mount the router in a standard 19-inch equipment rack or a telco rack. Steps for installing the Cisco 7206 router in an equipment rack are explained in the chapter "Installing the Cisco 7206" in the Cisco 7206 Installation and Configuration Guide (Document Number DOC-7206-ICG=).

A fully configured Cisco 7206, with two installed power supplies and all chassis slots filled, weighs approximately 50 pounds (22.7 kilograms [kg]). For clearance requirements and rack-mount installation considerations, refer to the section "Site Environment" in the chapter "Preparing for Installation" in the Cisco 7206 Installation and Configuration Guide (Document Number DOC-7206-ICG=).

Field-Replaceable Units

The Cisco 7206 router is easy to service; all its major components are field replaceable units (FRUs). Instructions for removing and replacing individual FRUs are contained in separate documents called configuration notes, which accompany every FRU shipped from the factory. The configuration notes are also available on the Documentation CD-ROM and on Cisco Connection Online (CCO).

The following Cisco 7206 components are FRUs:

Network processing engine

Detailed instructions for removing and replacing the network processing engine are contained in the configuration note Network Processing Engine Replacement Instructions (Part Number 78-3225-xx).

Input/Output controller

Detailed instructions for removing and replacing the I/O controller are contained in the configuration note Input/Output Controller Replacement Instructions (Part Number 78-3224-xx).

Port adapters

The Cisco 7206 is shipped from the factory with up to six installed port adapters that provide a variety of network media types (based on your order). The port adapters connect directly to the router's midplane. Port adapters installed in the Cisco 7206 router support OIR.

Detailed instructions for removing, replacing, and configuring the port adapter types supported by the Cisco 7206 are contained in the configuration note for that port adapter. For example, if you plan to replace a 4-port, half-duplex Token Ring port adapter in your Cisco 7206 router, refer the configuration note PA-4R Token Ring Port Adapter Installation and Configuration (Part Number 78-2661-xx).

For general instructions about how to remove and replace a port adapter, refer to the section "Replacing a Port Adapter" in the chapter "Maintaining the Cisco 7206" in the Cisco 7206 Installation and Configuration Guide (Document Number DOC-7206-ICG=).

Power supplies

Detailed instructions for removing and replacing the Cisco 7206 power supplies are contained in the configuration notes 280-Watt AC-Input Power Supply Replacement Instructions (Part Number 78-3227-xx) and 280-Watt DC-Input Power Supply Replacement Instructions (Part Number 78-3420-xx).

Fan tray

Detailed instructions for removing and replacing the fan tray are contained in the configuration note Subchassis and Fan Tray Replacement Instructions (Part Number 78-3228-xx).

Subchassis (including the midplane)

Detailed instructions for removing and replacing subchassis are contained in the configuration note Subchassis and Fan Tray Replacement Instructions (Part Number 78-3228-xx).

Chassis

To replace the chassis you must remove all internal components; therefore, when replacing the chassis, refer to the individual configuration notes that explain how to remove and replace each internal component.

Flash memory cards

Detailed instructions for removing and replacing Flash memory cards and SIMMs are contained in the configuration note Memory Replacement Instructions for the Network Processing Engine and Input/Output Controller (Part Number 78-3226-xx).

Instructions for installing and removing a Flash memory card are also contained in the section "Installing and Removing a Flash Memory Card" in the chapter "Maintaining the Cisco 7206" of the Cisco 7206 Installation and Configuration Guide (Document Number DOC-7206-ICG=).

Rack-mount kit and cable-management brackets

For detailed instructions about how to install the rack-mount and cable-management brackets on your Cisco 7206, refer to the sections "Rack-Mounting the Cisco 7206" and "General Installation" in the chapter "Installing the Cisco 7206" in the Cisco 7206 Installation and Configuration Guide (Document Number DOC-7206-ICG=).

Dial Shelf Interconnect Port Adapter Overview

The router shelf contains a dial shelf interconnect port adapter (see ) with a single RJ-45 receptacle, which is used to connect a router shelf to a DSC card in the Cisco AS5814 dial shelf. The interconnect port adapter installs in any 7206 router shelf port adapter slot and connects directly to the DSC on the dial shelf via a single dial shelf interconnect cable (DSIC). These nonblocking interconnect cables support 100-Mbps full-duplex data transfer.

Data is converted into packets by the feature cards, transmitted to a hub on a DSC, then sent to the dial shelf interconnect port adapter on the router shelf. Conversely, packets from the router shelves are sent to the DSCs, where they are transmitted over the backplane to the modem and trunk cards.

Figure 7 Dial Shelf Interconnect Port Adapter

Dial Shelf Interconnect Cable

The dial shelf interconnect port adapter includes a Cisco proprietary dial shelf interconnect cable (DSIC) (see .), customized with jackscrews on each end to ensure that the connection is not inadvertently interrupted. You should use this specially designed cable that shipped with your dial shelf interconnect port adapter to connect the DSC to the router shelf.


Warning   To avoid electric shock, do not connect safety extra-low voltage (SELV) circuits to telephone-network voltage (TNV) circuits. LAN ports contain SELV circuits, and WAN ports contain TNV circuits. Some LAN and WAN ports both use RJ-45 connectors. Use caution when connecting cables.



Caution   Disconnecting this cable while the system is operating will result in a loss of all calls.

Figure 8 Dial Shelf Interconnect Cable

Table 1 RJ-45 Receptacle Pinout

Pin
Description

1

Receive Data + (RxD+)

2

RxD-

3

Transmit Data + (TxD+)

6

TxD-



Note   Referring to the RJ-45 pinout in , proper common-mode line terminations should be used for the unused Category 5, UTP cable pairs 4/5 and 7/8. Common-mode termination reduces electromagnetic interference (EMI).


The instructions for connecting the cables for other types of port adapters installed in the Cisco 7206 are contained in the respective configuration notes for each port adapter. These configuration notes accompany every port adapter that is shipped from the factory as an installed item in a Cisco 7206 or as a FRU. These documents are also available on the Cisco Connection Documentation CD-ROM and on Cisco Connection Online (CCO).

Safety Guidelines

This section provides safety and ESD-prevention guidelines to help you avoid injury to yourself and avoid damage to the equipment. Cisco recommends the following safety guidelines when working with equipment that connects to electrical power or telephone wiring:

Locate the emergency power-off switch for the room you are working in before beginning any procedures requiring access to the chassis interior.

Disconnect all power and external cables before moving a chassis.

Never work alone when potentially hazardous conditions exist.

Never assume that power has been disconnected from a circuit; always check.

Never perform any action that creates a potential hazard to people or makes the equipment unsafe.

Carefully examine your work area for possible hazards such as moist floors, ungrounded power extension cables, and missing safety grounds.

Preventing Electrostatic Discharge Damage

Electrostatic discharge (ESD) damages equipment and impairs electrical circuitry. ESD occurs when printed circuit boards are improperly handled and results in complete or intermittent failures.

The system feature cards and dual router shelves consist of a printed circuit board that is fixed in a metal carrier. Electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding, connectors, and a handle are integral components of the carrier. Handle the system feature cards and dual router shelves by their carrier edges and handle only; never touch the printed circuit board components or connector pins.

Although the metal carrier helps to protect the printed circuit boards from ESD, wear a preventive antistatic strap whenever handling the dial shelf feature cards, dual router shelves, router shelf network processing engine, I/O controller, or port adapters. Ensure that the strap makes good skin contact and connect the strap's clip to an unpainted chassis surface to safely channel unwanted ESD voltages to ground.

If no wrist strap is available, ground yourself by touching the metal part of the chassis.

Cisco recommends the following guidelines to prevent ESD damage:

Always use an ESD wrist strap or ankle strap when installing or replacing system components. Ensure that the ESD strap makes contact with your skin.

Handle all system components by their metal carrier edges and handles only; avoid touching the printed circuit board components or any connector pins.

Place all system components that have been removed on an antistatic surface with the printed circuit board components facing upward, or in a static shielding bag. If you are returning system components to the factory, immediately place them in a static shielding bag.


Caution   Periodically check the resistance value of the antistatic strap. The measurement should be within the range of 1 and 10 megohms.

Safety Warnings

Safety warnings appear throughout this publication in procedures that, if performed incorrectly, may harm you. A warning symbol precedes each warning statement.


Warning   This warning symbol means danger. You are in a situation that could cause bodily injury. Before you work on any equipment, be aware of the hazards involved with electrical circuitry and be familiar with standard practices for preventing accidents. To see translations of the warnings that appear in this publication, refer to the Regulatory Compliance and Safety Information document that accompanied this device.


Waarschuwing  Dit waarschuwingssymbool betekent gevaar. U verkeert in een situatie die lichamelijk letsel kan veroorzaken. Voordat u aan enige apparatuur gaat werken, dient u zich bewust te zijn van de bij elektrische schakelingen betrokken risico's en dient u op de hoogte te zijn van standaard maatregelen om ongelukken te voorkomen. Voor vertalingen van de waarschuwingen die in deze publicatie verschijnen, kunt u het document Regulatory Compliance and Safety Information (Informatie over naleving van veiligheids- en andere voorschriften) raadplegen dat bij dit toestel is ingesloten.

Varoitus  Tämä varoitusmerkki merkitsee vaaraa. Olet tilanteessa, joka voi johtaa ruumiinvammaan. Ennen kuin työskentelet minkään laitteiston parissa, ota selvää sähkökytkentöihin liittyvistä vaaroista ja tavanomaisista onnettomuuksien ehkäisykeinoista. Tässä julkaisussa esiintyvien varoitusten käännökset löydät laitteen mukana olevasta Regulatory Compliance and Safety Information -kirjasesta (määräysten noudattaminen ja tietoa turvallisuudesta).

Attention  Ce symbole d'avertissement indique un danger. Vous vous trouvez dans une situation pouvant causer des blessures ou des dommages corporels. Avant de travailler sur un équipement, soyez conscient des dangers posés par les circuits électriques et familiarisez-vous avec les procédures couramment utilisées pour éviter les accidents. Pour prendre connaissance des traductions d'avertissements figurant dans cette publication, consultez le document Regulatory Compliance and Safety Information (Conformité aux règlements et consignes de sécurité) qui accompagne cet appareil.

Warnung  Dieses Warnsymbol bedeutet Gefahr. Sie befinden sich in einer Situation, die zu einer Körperverletzung führen könnte. Bevor Sie mit der Arbeit an irgendeinem Gerät beginnen, seien Sie sich der mit elektrischen Stromkreisen verbundenen Gefahren und der Standardpraktiken zur Vermeidung von Unfällen bewußt. Übersetzungen der in dieser Veröffentlichung enthaltenen Warnhinweise finden Sie im Dokument Regulatory Compliance and Safety Information (Informationen zu behördlichen Vorschriften und Sicherheit), das zusammen mit diesem Gerät geliefert wurde.

Avvertenza  Questo simbolo di avvertenza indica un pericolo. La situazione potrebbe causare infortuni alle persone. Prima di lavorare su qualsiasi apparecchiatura, occorre conoscere i pericoli relativi ai circuiti elettrici ed essere al corrente delle pratiche standard per la prevenzione di incidenti. La traduzione delle avvertenze riportate in questa pubblicazione si trova nel documento Regulatory Compliance and Safety Information (Conformità alle norme e informazioni sulla sicurezza) che accompagna questo dispositivo.

Advarsel  Dette varselsymbolet betyr fare. Du befinner deg i en situasjon som kan føre til personskade. Før du utfører arbeid på utstyr, må du vare oppmerksom på de faremomentene som elektriske kretser innebærer, samt gjøre deg kjent med vanlig praksis når det gjelder å unngå ulykker. Hvis du vil se oversettelser av de advarslene som finnes i denne publikasjonen, kan du se i dokumentet Regulatory Compliance and Safety Information (Overholdelse av forskrifter og sikkerhetsinformasjon) som ble levert med denne enheten.

Aviso  Este símbolo de aviso indica perigo. Encontra-se numa situação que lhe poderá causar danos físicos. Antes de começar a trabalhar com qualquer equipamento, familiarize-se com os perigos relacionados com circuitos eléctricos, e com quaisquer práticas comuns que possam prevenir possíveis acidentes. Para ver as traduções dos avisos que constam desta publicação, consulte o documento Regulatory Compliance and Safety Information (Informação de Segurança e Disposições Reguladoras) que acompanha este dispositivo.

¡Advertencia!  Este símbolo de aviso significa peligro. Existe riesgo para su integridad física. Antes de manipular cualquier equipo, considerar los riesgos que entraña la corriente eléctrica y familiarizarse con los procedimientos estándar de prevención de accidentes. Para ver una traducción de las advertencias que aparecen en esta publicación, consultar el documento titulado Regulatory Compliance and Safety Information (Información sobre seguridad y conformidad con las disposiciones reglamentarias) que se acompaña con este dispositivo.

Varning!  Denna varningssymbol signalerar fara. Du befinner dig i en situation som kan leda till personskada. Innan du utför arbete på någon utrustning måste du vara medveten om farorna med elkretsar och känna till vanligt förfarande för att förebygga skador. Se förklaringar av de varningar som förkommer i denna publikation i dokumentet Regulatory Compliance and Safety Information (Efterrättelse av föreskrifter och säkerhetsinformation), vilket medföljer denna anordning.

Online Insertion and Removal

All port adapters in the Cisco 7206 router also support OIR. OIR functionality allows you to add, remove, or replace port adapters while the system is operating; you do not need to notify the software or shut down the system power. This provides a method that is seamless to end users, maintains all routing information, and ensures session preservation. For specific procedures for installing and replacing a port adapter in a Cisco 7206 router, refer to the appropriate port adapter configuration note.


Caution   The network processing engine and the I/O controller are required system components that cannot be removed if the router is operating. Removing the network processing engine or the I/O controller while the router is operating will cause the router to shut down or crash, and might damage or destroy memory files.

Tools and Parts Required

Your Cisco 7206 chassis is fully assembled at the factory; no assembly is required. However, you will need the following tools and equipment to remove and replace the router chassis. If you need additional equipment, contact a service representative for ordering information.

Number 2 Phillips screwdriver

3/16-inch flat-blade screwdriver

Tape measure (optional)

Level (optional)

In addition, you might need the following external equipment:

Data service unit (DSU) to connect each serial port to an external network.

A serial port adapter cable for each serial port to connect the port with a remote device or network.

To connect a serial port to a T1 network, you need a T1 channel service unit/data service unit (CSU/DSU) that converts the HDLC synchronous serial data stream into a T1 data stream with the correct framing and ones density. (Some telephone systems require a minimum number of 1 bits per time unit in a data stream, called ones density.)

Several T1 CSU/DSU devices are available as additional equipment, and most provide either a V.35, EIA/TIA-449, or EIA-530 electrical interface.

Ethernet transceiver.

Token Ring media attachment unit (MAU).

Optical bypass switch or concentrator for multimode Fiber Distributed Data Interface (FDDI) connections.

Ensuring Easy System Access

If your Cisco AS5800 Universal Access Server is installed in a standard 19-inch, 4-post rack or standard telco rack, cables from other equipment in the rack might obstruct access to the rear of the system. Rack power strips or other permanent fixtures might also cause obstruction.

To ensure easy system access when the Cisco AS5800 Universal Access Server is installed in a rack:

Allow at least 24 inches (61.0 cm) of clearance at the system front and rear.

Gather any other equipment cables installed in the rack and use cable ties to anchor them away from the rear of the system.

Removing a Router Shelf


Warning   Before working on equipment that is connected to power lines, remove jewelry (including rings, necklaces, and watches). Metal objects will heat up when connected to power and ground and can cause serious burns or weld the metal object to the terminals.



Warning   To prevent the rack from tipping when removing the router from telco-type racks, ensure that the rack is bolted to the floor and, if necessary, anchored with appropriate fixtures.



Caution   Cisco 7206 router shelves can weigh up to 50 lb (22.7 kg) each. Use both hands when removing or replacing a router shelf.


Caution   If your system is equipped with dual router shelves, Cisco recommends that you perform router replacements during low traffic periods.

To remove the Cisco 7206 router shelf, complete the following steps:


Step 1 Make sure that your path to the rack is unobstructed. If the rack is on wheels, ensure that the brakes are engaged or that the rack is otherwise stabilized.

Step 2 On the chassis, ensure that all captive screws on the network processing engine, the I/O controller, and each power supply are tightened and the port adapter levers are in the locked position.


Caution   Before removing the mounting screws from the rack-mount brackets, and to avoid injury, we recommend that two people remove the chassis from the rack. One person should support the chassis in the rack while the second person removes the mounting screws.


Note   Two people should perform Step 3 and Step 4.


Step 3 Using a 1/4-inch, flat-blade screwdriver, remove all six 10-32 x 3/8 slotted screws (three on each side) from the rack mount brackets, as shown in .

If you rack-mounted the Cisco 7206 router from the rear, the rack mount brackets are installed at the rear of the chassis. You must remove the mounting screws from both brackets before you can remove the chassis from the rack.


Warning   To prevent damage to the chassis or personal injury, never attempt to lift or tilt the Cisco 7206 using the port adapter handles or the I/O controller handle; they are not designed to support the weight of the router. Always have someone help you when removing the Cisco 7206.


Figure 9 Removing the Mounting Screws

Step 4 Slide the chassis out of the rack, pulling it out until the brackets (installed at the front or rear of the chassis) clear the mounting strips or posts on both sides of the equipment rack.

This completes the procedure for removing the chassis from the rack.

Replacing a Router Shelf


Warning   Before working on equipment that is connected to power lines, remove jewelry (including rings, necklaces, and watches). Metal objects will heat up when connected to power and ground and can cause serious burns or weld the metal object to the terminals.



Caution   Cisco 7206 router shelves can weigh up to 50 lb (22.7 kg). Use two hands when removing or replacing a router shelf.


Caution   If your system is equipped with dual router shelves, Cisco recommends that you perform router replacements during low traffic periods.

For detailed instructions about how to replace the Cisco 7206, refer to the chapter "Installing the Cisco 7206" in the Cisco 7206 Installation and Configuration Guide (Document Number DOC-7206-ICG=).

Connecting the Cables

To connect the dial shelf interconnect cables, complete the following steps:


Warning   Hazardous network voltages are present in WAN ports regardless of whether power to the router is OFF or ON. To avoid electric shock, use caution when working near WAN ports. When detaching cables, detach the end away from the router first.



Step 1 Attach one end of an interconnect cable to the port labeled "Dial Shelf Interconnect" on one of the DSC front panels. (See .)

Step 2 Tighten the jackscrews on either side of the connector.

Step 3 Attach the other end of the interconnect cable to the RJ-45 port on the interconnect port adapter in one of the Cisco 7206 router shelves.

Step 4 Tighten the jackscrews on either side of the connector.

Step 5 Repeat Step 1 through Step 4 for the other dial shelf interconnect cable.


Caution   Never disconnect a dial shelf interconnect cable while the system is operating (except when replacing a DSC or a router shelf) or you will lose all calls.

Figure 10 Connecting the Dial Shelf Interconnect Cables


Warning   The ports labeled "Network clock," "10BaseT," "Dial Shelf Interconnect," "Console," and "Alarms" are safety extra-low voltage (SELV) circuits. SELV circuits should only be connected to other SELV circuits. Because the E1/T1 circuits are treated like telephone-network voltage, avoid connecting the SELV circuit to the telephone network voltage (TNV) circuits.


For more information about the dial shelf interconnect cable and dial shelf interconnect port adapter, refer to the document Cisco AS5800 Universal Access Server Dial Shelf Interconnect Port Adapter Installation and Replacement (Part Number 78-4663-xx).

Installing and Removing Flash Memory Cards

Both the router shelf and the dial shelf contain PCMCIA slots for inserting Flash memory cards. The router shelf PCMCIA slots are located on the I/O controller and are oriented horizontally; the dial shelf PCMCIA slots are located on the DSC and are oriented vertically. Except for the orientation of the slots, the installation procedures are the same for both shelves.

This section describes inserting and removing a Flash memory card in a router shelf. For procedures specific to the dial shelf, refer to the Cisco AS5800 Access Server Hardware Installation and Configuration Guide (Document Number DOC-AS5800-HICG=) that shipped with your dial shelf.


Note   To avoid potential problems when inserting spare Flash memory cards in your dual router shelves, Cisco recommends that you reformat your Flash memory cards on a Cisco 7206 router shelf running Cisco IOS Release 11.3AA or later during your regularly scheduled service times. For instructions on formatting a Flash memory card refer to the Cisco 7206 Router Installation and Configuration Guide (Document Number DOC-7206-ICG=) that shipped with your system.


Installing a Flash Memory Card

The I/O controller has two PCMCIA slots for Flash memory cards: slot 0 (lower) and slot 1 (upper). Complete the following steps to insert a Flash memory card in either PCMCIA slot:


Step 1 Orient the Flash memory card so that the connector end faces the appropriate slot. (See a.)

Step 2 Carefully insert the card into the slot until the card seats in the connector at the back of the slot and the eject button for the slot pops out toward you. (See b.)


Note   Flash memory cards do not insert all the way into the PCMCIA slots; the end of the card protrudes from the I/O controller faceplate. Do not attempt to force the card past this point.


Removing a Flash Memory Card

To remove a Flash memory card from either PCMCIA slot, complete the following steps:


Step 1 Press the ejector button on the slot. (See c.)

Step 2 Grasp the card and pull it from the slot. (See a.)

Step 3 Place the card in an antistatic bag.

This completes the steps for inserting and removing a Flash memory card.

This completes the router shelf and Flash memory installation procedures. If you have any questions or need assistance, proceed to the "Cisco Connection Online" section.

Figure 11 Inserting and Removing a PCMCIA Flash Memory Card

Starting the Cisco 7206

After installing your Cisco 7206 and connecting the cables, start each router as follows:


Step 1 Check for the following:

Each port adapter is inserted in its slot and its respective port adapter lever is in the locked position.

The network processing engine and the I/O controller are inserted in their slots and their captive installation screws are tightened.

All network interface cables are connected to the port adapters.

A Flash memory card is installed in its PCMCIA slot.

Each power cable is connected and secured with the cable-retention clip.

The console terminal is turned on.

Step 2 At the rear of the router, place the power switch on the power supply in the ON (|) position. Repeat this if a second power supply is installed. The green OK LED on the power supply goes on.

Step 3 Listen for the fans; you should immediately hear them operating. If not, immediately place the power switch on the power supply in the OFF (0) position and proceed to the "Verifying and Troubleshooting the Installation" section.

Step 4 During the boot process, observe the system LEDs. The LEDs on most of the port adapters go on and off in irregular sequence. Some may go on, go out, and go on again for a short time. On the I/O controller, the IO power OK LED comes on immediately.

Step 5 Observe the initialization process. When the system boot is complete (in a few seconds), the network processing engine begins to initialize the port adapters and the I/O controller. During this initialization, the LEDs on each port adapter behave differently (most flash on and off). The enabled LED on each port adapter goes on when initialization is completed, and the console screen displays a script and system banner similar to the following:

Cisco Internetwork Operating System Software 
IOS (tm) 7200 Software (C7200-J-M), Version 11.3(6.3)AA 
Copyright (c) 1986-1998 by cisco Systems, Inc. 
Compiled Sun 21-Oct-98 04:10 by ...

Note   If the system does not complete each of the steps in the start-up procedure, proceed to the "Verifying and Troubleshooting the Installation" section for troubleshooting recommendations and procedures.


Step 6 When you start up the Cisco 7206 for the first time, the system automatically enters the setup command facility, which determines which port adapters are installed and prompts you for configuration information for each one. On the console terminal, after the system displays the system banner and hardware configuration, you will see the following System Configuration Dialog prompt:

       --- System Configuration Dialog --- 
At any point you may enter a questions mark '?' for help. 
Use ctrl-c to abort configuration dialog at any prompt. 
Default settings are in square brackets '[]'.
Continue with configuration dialog? [yes]:

You have the option of proceeding with the setup command facility to configure the interfaces, or exiting from setup and using configuration commands to configure global (system-wide) and interface-specific parameters. You do not have to configure the interfaces immediately; however, you cannot enable the interfaces or connect them to any networks until you have configured them.

Many of the port adapter LEDs will not go on until you have configured the interfaces. To verify correct operation of each interface, complete the first-time start-up procedures and configuration, then refer to the configuration note for each port adapter for LED descriptions and to check the status of the interfaces.

Commands for Split Dial Shelf Systems

The split mode is intended to support two router shelves connected to a single dial shelf. To use this arrangement as intended, both router shelves should have split dial shelf configured. However, a second router is not required; a single router can run in split mode with all slots owned by that router.

Split Dial Shelf Configuration

Split dial shelf configuration is implemented by connecting two router shelves to a single dial shelf. You allocate the slots in the dial shelf between the two router shelves to achieve the desired configuration. The two router shelves are both configured to run in split mode by means of a new top level router configuration command:

dial-shelf split slots {slot-numbers}

where slot-numbers is a list of the dial shelf slot numbers (from 0 through 11) that the router owns, with the slot numbers separated by spaces. Slot ownership for each of the two router shelves is configured individually using the dial-shelf split slots command.

While a router is in split mode, additional slots can be added to the set that the router owns by re-entering the dial-shelf split slots command listing the new slots. The effect of entering two (or more) dial-shelf split slots commands with different slot numbers is cumulative.

Slots must be explicitly removed from a router's list of owned slots with the remove command: dial-shelf split slots remove {slot-numbers}.

A single router can also be configured in split mode, but with no slots owned, by using the keyword none instead of slot numbers in the command (dial-shelf split slots none).

When you configure a Cisco AS5800 system to operate in split mode, it is the same as having two Cisco AS5800 systems with each having a separate set of feature boards assigned to its router; they just happen to be sharing a single dial shelf. Modem pooling, for example, is the same as if you had two separate Cisco AS5800 systems. Router shelf 1 has a modem pool that consists of all the modem cards that reside in slots owned by router shelf 1. The same situation applies to router shelf 2.

Changing to Split Mode

This section describes the procedure required to transition a router from normal mode to split mode, and changing the set of slots a router owns while it is in split mode. Since the process of switching the ownership of a slot from one router to the other is potentially disruptive (when a feature board is restarted, all calls through that card are lost), a router shelf cannot take over a slot until ownership is relinquished by the router that currently claims ownership, either by reconfiguring the router or disconnecting that router or its associated DSC.

The dial shelf is split by dividing the ownership of the feature boards between the two router shelves. You must configure the division of the dial shelf slots between the two router shelves so that each router controls an appropriate mix of trunk and modem cards. Each router shelf controls its set of feature boards as if those were the only boards present. There is no interaction between feature boards owned by one router and feature boards owned by the other router.

Split mode is entered when the dial-shelf split slots command is parsed on the router shelf. This can occur when the router is starting up and parsing the stored configuration, or when the command is entered when the router is already up. On parsing the dial-shelf split slots command, the router frees any resources associated with cards in the slots that it no longer owns, as specified by exclusion of slot numbers from the slot-numbers argument. The router should be in the same state as if the card had been removed from the slot; all calls through that card will be terminated. The configured router then informs its connected DSC that it is in split mode, and which slots it claims to own.

In split mode, a router shelf uses only half of the 1,792 available TDM timeslots. (See the "TDM Resource Allocation" section.) If a dial-shelf split slots command is entered when the total calls using timeslots exceeds the number that would normally be available to the router in split mode, the command is rejected. This should occur only when a change to split mode is attempted where the dial shelf has more than 896 calls in progress (more than half of the 1,792 available timeslots). Otherwise, a transition from normal mode to split mode can be made without disturbing the cards in the slots that remain owned, and calls going through those cards will stay up.

Transition Procedure

To transition from normal mode to split mode, complete the following steps:


Step 1 Ensure that both DSCs and both router shelves are running the same IOS image.

Having the same version of IOS running on both DSCs and both router shelves is not mandatory; however, it is a good idea. There is no automatic checking that the versions are the same.

Step 2 Schedule a time when the Cisco AS5800 can be taken out of service without unnecessarily terminating calls in progress.

The entire procedure for transitioning from normal mode to split mode should require approximately one hour if all the hardware is already installed.

Step 3 Busy out all feature boards and wait for your customers to log off.

Step 4 Reconfigure the existing router shelf to operate in split mode.

Enter the dial-shelf split slots {slot-numbers} command, specifying the slot numbers that are to be owned by the existing router shelf.

Step 5 Configure the new router shelf to operate in split mode on other feature boards.

Enter the dial-shelf split slots {slot-numbers} command, specifying the slot numbers that are to be owned by the new router shelf. Do not specify any of the slot numbers that you specified in Step 4. The range of valid slot numbers is 0 through 11.

Step 6 Install the second DSC, if it has not already been installed.

Step 7 Connect the DSIC cable from the second DSC to the new router shelf.

Step 8 Ensure that split mode is operating properly.

Enter the show dial-shelf command for each router. This command has been extended so that the response indicates that the router shelf is running in split mode and which slots the router shelf owns. The status of any cards in any owned slots is shown, just as they are in the present show dial-shelf command.

Step 9 Enable all feature boards to accept calls once again.

Changing Slot Sets

You can change the sets of slots owned by the two router shelves while they are in split mode by first removing slot(s) from the set owned by one router, then adding them to the slot set of the other router. The changed slot set information is sent to the respective DSCs, and the DSCs determine which slots have been removed and which added from the new slot set information. It should be clear that moving a slot in this manner will disconnect all calls that were going through the card in that slot.

To move a slot from one router shelf's control to the others, the router releasing the slot should be modified first by entering the dial-shelf split slots remove command, specifying the slot numbers to be released. The released slot(s) can then be added to the slot set of the other router by re-entering the dial-shelf split slots command including the new slot number(s).

When a slot is removed

The router shelf that is losing the slot frees any resources and clears any state associated with the card in the slot it is relinquishing. The DSC reconfigures its hub to ignore traffic from that slot, and if there is a card in the slot it will be reset. This ensures that the card frees up any TDM resource it might be using, and allows it to restart under control of the router shelf that is subsequently configured to own the slot.

When a slot is added

If there are no configuration conflicts, and there is a card present in the added slot, a dial-shelf OIR insertion event is sent to the router shelf, which processes the event the same as it always does. The card in the added slot is reset by the DSC to ensure a clean state, and the card downloads its image from the router shelf that now owns it.

If the other router shelf (and the other DSC) claim ownership of the same slot, the command adding the slot should be rejected. However, should a configuration conflict exist, error messages are sent to both routers and the card is not reset until one of the other router shelves and its DSC stop claiming ownership of the slot. Normally, this will not happen until you issue a dial-shelf split slots remove command surrendering the ownership claim on the slot by one of the routers.

Leaving Split Mode

Split mode is exited when the dial shelf configuration is changed by a no dial-shelf split slots command. When the split dial shelf line is removed, the router shelf will start using all of the TDM timeslots. Feature boards that were not owned in split mode, and are not owned by the other router, will be reset. Cards in slots that are owned by the other router will be reset, but only after the other DSC has been removed or is no longer claiming the slots. The split dial shelf configuration should not be removed while the second router shelf is still connected to the dial shelf.

When a router configured in split mode fails, all calls associated with the failed router are lost. Users cannot connect back in until the failed router recovers and is available to accept new incoming calls; however, the other split mode router shelf will continue to operate normally.

Potential Problems

The system will behave as configured as soon as the configuration is changed. The exception is when there is a misconfiguration, such as one router is configured in split mode and the other router is configured in normal mode, or both routers are configured in split mode and both claim ownership of the same slot(s).

Problems can arise if one of the two routers connected to a dial shelf is not configured in split mode, or if both are configured in split mode and both claim ownership of the same slot(s). If the state of the second router is known when the dial-shelf split slots command is entered and the command would result in a conflict, the command is rejected.

If a conflict in slot ownership does arise, both routers will receive warning messages until the conflict is resolved. Any card in a slot which is claimed by both routers remains under the control of the router that claimed it first, until you can resolve the conflict by correcting the configuration of one or both routers.

It should be noted that there can also be slots that are not owned by either router (orphan slots). Cards in orphan slots cannot boot up until one of the two routers claims ownership of the slot because neither DSC will download bootstrap images to cards in unowned orphan slots.

Show Commands

In normal mode, all show commands will look and behave as they do in the current system. In split mode, most show commands will look and behave as they would in the current system if there were no cards in the slots for which the other router has configured ownership. This is consistent with the view of a split dial shelf configuration being basically two separate Cisco AS5800 systems. A router shelf cannot manage, or even know the state of, any cards in slots that it does not own. For example, DSIP console and execute-on commands work only on owned slots.

There are, however, a few exceptions:

The show dial-shelf clocks command still shows all configured clock sources, even those from non-owned trunk cards. This is because there can be only one DSC providing the master clock, and it may need to have backup clock sources configured from all trunk cards present (regardless of which DSC owns them).

To avoid confusion, the show dial-shelf command is extended so that when the router is in split mode, show dial-shelf indicates that the router shelf is running in split mode and which slots the router shelf owns. The status of any cards in any owned slots is shown, just as it is in the present command. Thus, when in normal mode, show dial-shelf is unchanged from the current version.

When in split mode, the show dial-shelf output is extended as in the following example:

pinetopRS#sh dial-shelf
System is in split dial shelf mode.
Slots owned: 0 2 3 4 5 6 (connected to DSC in slot 13)
Slot    Board     CPU       DRAM          I/O Memory   State   Elapsed
         Type     Util    Total (free)   Total (free)          Time
 0        CE1    0%/0%  21341728( 87%)  8388608( 45%)  Up      01:11:37
 2        CE1    0%/0%  21341728( 87%)  8388608( 45%)  Up      01:11:37
 4 Modem(HMM)  20%/20%   6661664( 47%)  6291456( 33%)  Up      01:11:37
 5 Modem(DMM)    0%/0%   6661664( 31%)  6291456( 32%)  Up      01:11:37
 6 Modem(DMM)    0%/0%   6661664( 31%)  6291456( 32%)  Up      01:11:37
13        DSC    0%/0%  20451808( 91%)  8388608( 66%)  Up      01:16:31
Dial shelf set for auto boot

Note only the first two lines of output are new, the remaining information is exactly the same as in the existing system if there were no cards in the slots that are not owned (1 and 7 through 12).

A new command, show dial-shelf split, has been added to provide some minimal information about the types of cards in non-owned slots. For example:

pinetopRS#sh dial-shelf split
System is in split dial shelf mode, connected to DSC in slot 13.
Slots owned: 0 2 3 4 5 6
Non owned slots:
Slot    Board Type
 1      CE1
 7      Modem(DMM)
 8      Modem(DMM)
 9      Modem(DMM)
10      Slot Empty
11      Slot Empty
12      DSC

Note that the show dial-shelf split command also shows the slots and corresponding feature boards for orphan slots (those slots not owned by either router shelf). This means that OIR events on all slots in the dial shelf are detected by both DSCs and the feature boards are added to or deleted from the list of boards physically present in the dial shelf. When a feature board is inserted into an orphan slot, a message is sent to both router shelves indicating that a feature board was just inserted. This message is different than an OIR event message—OIR event processing is done only for owned slots.

The show context command works only for owned slots. However, show context all displays all the information available about any slot. This is intended to cover the case where ownership of a feature board is moved from one router shelf to the other after a crash.

Managing a Split Dial Shelf

If you are installing split dial shelf systems, a system controller is available that provides a single system view of multiple POPs. The system controller for the Cisco AS5800 Universal Access Server includes the Cisco 3640 router running Cisco IOS software. The system controller can be installed at a remote facility so that you can access multiple systems through a console port or Web interface.

There are no new Management Information Bases (MIBs) or MIB variables required for the split dial shelf configuration. A split dial shelf appears to Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) management applications as two separate Cisco AS5800 systems. One console to manage the whole system is not supported—you must have a console session per router shelf (two console sessions) to configure each split of the Cisco AS5800. The system controller must manage a split dial shelf configuration as two separate Cisco AS5800 systems.

The normal mode configuration of the Cisco AS5800 requires the dial shelf and router shelf IDs to be different. In a split system, four unique shelf IDs are desirable; one for each router shelf and one for each of the slot sets; however, a split system will function satisfactorily if the router shelf IDs are the same. If a system controller is used to manage a split dial shelf configuration, then the two routers must have distinct shelf IDs, just as they must when each router has its own dial shelf.

You can download software configurations to any Cisco AS5800 using SNMP or a Telnet connection. The system controller also provides performance monitoring and accounting data collection and logging.

In addition to the system controller, a network management system with a graphical user interface (GUI) runs on a UNIX SPARC station and includes a database management system, polling engine, trap management, and map integration.

Configuring the Routers

To configure a router for split dial shelf operation, complete the following steps:

Step
Command
Description

1

Router> enable
Password: <password>
Router#

Enter the enable command.
Enter your password.
You are in privileged EXEC mode when the prompt changes to Router#.

2

Router# configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with Ctrl-Z.
Router(config)#

Enter global configuration mode by typing the configure command. The example is using the terminal configuration option.

You are in global configuration mode when the prompt changes to Router(config)#

3

Router(config)# dial-shelf split slots 
{slot_numbers}

Normal mode: This command changes the router shelf to split mode with ownership of the slots listed.

In case of conflicting slot assignments, the command is rejected and a warning message is issued. Issue a show dial-shelf split slots command to the other router shelf to display its list of owned dial shelf slots.

OIR events on all slots are detected by both DSCs and added to the list of feature boards physically present in the dial shelf; however, OIR event processing is done only for assigned slots.

Split mode: This command adds the dial shelf slot(s) listed to the router shelf's list of owned dial shelf slots.


The following additional commands have been added to support split dial shelf systems:

Level
Command
Description

Global

Router (config) # show dial-shelf 
split

Normal Mode: This command is invalid.

Split Mode: This command displays the slots assigned to each of the router shelves and the corresponding feature boards in `orphan' slots (slots not currently assigned to either router).

Router (config) # dial-shelf split 
slots none

Normal mode: This command puts the router shelf in split mode; however, it does not assign ownership of any dial shelf slots.

To prevent accidentally entering the dial-shelf split slots command, at least one valid dial shelf slot number (0-11) or the keyword none must be specified.

If the dial-shelf split slots command is entered in normal mode without valid slot numbers or the keyword none, the command is rejected.

Split mode: This command will change dial shelf slot ownership. The router will no longer have ownership of any dial shelf slots.

Router (config) # no dial-shelf split 
slots

Normal mode: This command has no effect. If the router shelf is in normal mode, it stays that way.

Split mode: This command changes the router shelf to normal mode if it is in split mode and the other router shelf has already relinquished control of all dial shelf slots or is switched off.

Router (config) # dial-shelf split 
slots {slot_numbers}

Normal mode: This command changes the router shelf to split mode with ownership of the slots listed. Valid slot numbers are 0 through 11.

In case of conflicting slot assignments, the command is rejected and a warning message is issued.

OIR events on all slots are detected by both DSCs and added to the list of feature boards physically present in the dial shelf; however, OIR event processing is done only for assigned slots.

Split mode: This command adds the dial shelf slot(s) listed to the router shelf's list of owned dial shelf slots. The effect of multiple commands is cumulative.

Router (config) # dial-shelf split 
slots remove {slot_numbers}

Normal mode: This command has no effect.

Split mode: This command removes the dial shelf slot(s) listed from the router shelf's list of owned dial shelf slots. The effect of multiple commands is cumulative.


If the system does not complete each of the steps in the start-up procedure, proceed to the "Verifying and Troubleshooting the Installation" section for troubleshooting recommendations and procedures.

Error Messages

New error messages for various split dial shelf conditions include:

Error Message    Duplicate priority clock source configured on other router 
shelf.

Explanation    The configuration commands for the master clock specify the clock sources and a priority for each source. Together these commands define a prioritized list of the clock sources used to generate the master clock. This list, configured on the router shelf, is passed to and stored by the DSC providing the active clock. In the event of failure of the highest priority clock source, the DSC switches to the source with the next highest priority.

With a split dial shelf, clock sources can be configured on either of the router shelves from the slots that each shelf owns. On the dial shelf, all valid clock source configurations are known to the DSC providing the clock, including the clock source configurations on the other router/DSC.

This error condition results when a clock input on one router is configured to have the same priority as one configured on the other router. The original configuration command is not rejected; however, these error messages are issued to both routers when a duplicate priority condition is detected. The two clock inputs specified with identical priorities both go into the ordered list of clock sources, but the one received first by the DSC providing the active clock is assigned a higher priority.

Recommended Action    Reconfigure the clock sources on the two routers so that they have different priorities.

Error Message    Other router shelf is in split mode when this one is not.

Explanation    The split mode is intended to support two router shelves connected to a single dial shelf. To use this arrangement, both connected router shelves should have split dial shelf configured. Problems can arise if there are two routers connected to the dial shelf, but one router is not configured in split mode.

Recommended Action    Issue a dial-shelf split slots command to this router or a no-dial-shelf split slots command to the other router; however, there's no point in having a second router shelf unless both routers are in split mode.

Error Message    Other router shelf is not in split mode when this one is.

Explanation    The split mode is intended to support two router shelves connected to a single dial shelf. To use this arrangement, both connected router shelves should have split dial shelf configured. Problems can arise if there are two routers connected to the dial shelf, but one router is not configured in split mode.

Recommended Action    Issue a dial-shelf split slots command to the other router or a no-dial-shelf split slots command to this router; however, there's no point in having a second router shelf unless both routers are in split mode.

Error Message    Other router shelf has overlapping slot ownership specified 
in its split dial shelf configuration.

Explanation    Each router shelf connects to one of the DSCs in the dial shelf. The dial shelf feature boards are divided between the two router shelves. Each router controls its own set of feature boards as if those were the only boards present—there is no interaction between feature boards owned by one router and feature boards owned by the other router, or with the other router.

This error message was issued because both routers are configured in split mode, but there is an overlap in the set of slots each router claims. While the conflict in slot ownership continues, both router shelves will periodically receive this error message.

Recommended Action    Correct the configuration of one of the routers by issuing a dial-shelf split slots command with a list of slot numbers that does not include the slot that is reporting overlapping ownership. You must configure the division of the dial shelf slots between the two router shelves so that each router controls an appropriate mix of trunk and modem cards. Any card in a slot that is claimed by both routers will remain under the control of the router that claimed it first until you resolve the conflict by correcting the configuration.

Verifying and Troubleshooting the Installation

Your Cisco 7206 routers went through extensive testing before leaving the factory. However, if you encounter problems starting the routers, use the information in the chapter "Troubleshooting the Installation" in the Cisco 7206 Installation and Configuration Guide (Document Number DOC-7206-ICG=) to help isolate the cause of the problems. Make sure to review the safety warnings listed in the publication Regulatory Compliance and Safety Information for the Cisco 7200 Series Routers (Part Number 78-3419-xx) that accompanied your Cisco 7206 before using troubleshooting procedures.

If you are unable to easily solve the problem, contact a customer service representative for assistance and further instructions. Be prepared to provide the representative with the following information:

Date you received the router

Chassis serial number

Type of software and release number

Brief description of the problem you are having

Brief explanation of the steps you have taken to isolate and resolve the problem

Maintenance agreement or warranty information

shows the general troubleshooting strategy for Cisco 7206 routers. Refer to this chart, as necessary, to isolate problems to a specific subsystem; then resolve the problem if possible.

Problem Solving with Subsystems

The key to solving problems with the system is isolating the problem to a specific subsystem. The first step in solving start-up problems is to compare what the system is doing to what it should be doing. Because a start-up problem is usually caused by a single component, it is more efficient to first isolate the problem to a subsystem rather than troubleshoot each component in the system. For these troubleshooting procedures, consider the following subsystems:

Power subsystem—This subsystem comprises the power supplies, the external power cable, and the midplane.

Cooling subsystem—The chassis fan tray is the single component in this subsystem. The fans should be operating whenever system power is on. Replace the fan tray if you determine a fan is not functioning properly.

Processor subsystem—This subsystem includes the I/O controller, network processing engine, and all port adapters. The system memory and management functions reside on the I/O controller and the network processing engine, and the enabled LED on each port adapter indicates if the port adapter is initialized. A port adapter that is partially installed in the midplane can cause the system to hang and crash.

You can quickly verify that your new router shelf is properly installed and operative by observing the router LEDs as described in the "Starting the Cisco 7206" section."

Figure 12 Troubleshooting Strategy for Start-Up Problems

FCC Compliance

Regulatory compliance and safety information for the Cisco AS5800 Universal Access Server is contained in the Regulatory Compliance and Safety Information document that shipped with your system.

Cisco Connection Online

Cisco Connection Online (CCO) is Cisco Systems' primary, real-time support channel. Maintenance customers and partners can self-register on CCO to obtain additional content and services.

Available 24 hours a day, seven days a week, CCO provides a wealth of standard and value-added services to Cisco's customers and business partners. CCO services include product information, software updates, release notes, technical tips, the Bug Navigator, configuration notes, brochures, descriptions of service offerings, and download access to public and authorized files.

CCO serves a wide variety of users through two interfaces that are updated and enhanced simultaneously—a character-based version and a multimedia version that resides on the World Wide Web (WWW). The character-based CCO supports Zmodem, Kermit, Xmodem, FTP, and Internet e-mail, and is excellent for quick access to information over lower bandwidths. The WWW version of CCO provides richly formatted documents with photographs, figures, graphics, and video, as well as hyperlinks to related information.

You can access CCO in the following ways:

WWW:  http://www.cisco.com

WWW:  http://www-europe.cisco.com

WWW:  http://www-china.cisco.com

Telnet:  cco.cisco.com

Modem:  From North America, 408 526-8070; from Europe, 33 1 64 46 40 82. Use the following terminal settings: VT100 emulation; databits: 8; parity: none; stop bits: 1; and connection rates up to 28.8 kbps.

For a copy of CCO's Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ), contact cco-help@cisco.com. For additional information, contact cco-team@cisco.com.


Note   If you are a network administrator and need personal technical assistance with a Cisco product that is under warranty or covered by a maintenance contract, contact Cisco's Technical Assistance Center (TAC) at 800 553-2447, 408 526-7209, or tac@cisco.com. To obtain general information about Cisco Systems, Cisco products, or upgrades, contact 800 553-6387, 408 526-7208, or cs-rep@cisco.com.


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