Catalyst 4500 Series Switch Software Configuration Guide, 12.2(46)SG
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Index

Table Of Contents

Numerics - A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W -

Index

ACLs

applying IPv6 ACLs to a Layer 3 interface 43-21

Numerics

10/100 autonegotiation feature, forced 6-16

10-Gigabit Ethernet or Gigabit Ethernet ports

deploy on WS-X4606-10GE-E and Sup 6-E 6-11

10-Gigabit Ethernet port

deploy with Gigabit Ethernet SFP ports 6-10

1400 W DC Power supply

special considerations 10-16

1400 W DC SP Triple Input power supply

special considerations 10-17

802.10 SAID (default) 13-4

802.1Q

trunks 17-6

tunneling

compatibility with other features 24-5

defaults 24-4

described 24-2

tunnel ports with other features 24-6

802.1Q VLANs

encapsulation 15-3

trunk restrictions 15-5

802.1s

See MST

802.1w

See MST

802.1X

See port-based authentication

802.1X authentication

for Critical Authentication 38-12

for guest VLANs 38-8

for MAC Authentication Bypass 38-9

for Wake-on-LAN 38-12

RADIUS accounting 38-16

with port security 38-15

with VLAN assignment 38-7

with voice VLAN ports 38-18

802.3ad

See LACP

A

AAA 40-1

abbreviating commands 2-5

access control entries

See ACEs

access control entries and lists 40-1

access-group mode, configuring on Layer 2 interface 43-34

access-group mode, using PACL with 43-34

access list filtering, SPAN enhancement 46-13

access lists

using with WCCP 53-7

access ports

and Layer 2 protocol tunneling 24-9

configure port security 39-6, 39-21

configuring 15-8

access VLANs 15-6

accounting

configuring for 802.1X 38-32

with TACACS+ 3-16, 3-21

ACEs

ACLs 43-2

IP 43-3

Layer 4 operation restrictions 43-15

ACEs and ACLs 40-1

ACLs

ACEs 43-2

and SPAN 46-5

and TCAM programming for Sup 6-E 43-15

and TCAM programming for Sup II-Plus thru V-10GE 43-6

applying on routed packets 43-31

applying on switched packets 43-30

chaning the TCAM programming algorithm 43-9

compatibility on the same switch 43-3

configuring with VLAN maps 43-30

CPU impact 43-17

hardware and software support 43-5

IP, matching criteria for port ACLs 43-4

MAC extended 43-19

matching criteria for router ACLs 43-3

port

and voice VLAN 43-5

defined 43-3

limitations 43-5

processing 43-17

resize the TCAM regions 43-10

selecting mode of capturing control packets 43-12

TCAM programming algorithm 43-7

troubleshooting high CPU 43-12

types supported 43-3

understanding 43-2

VLAN maps 43-5

ACLs and VLAN maps, examples 43-24

acronyms, list of A-1

action drivers, marking 35-77

active queue management 35-14

active queue management via DBL, QoS on Sup 6-E 35-90

active traffic monitoring, IP SLAs 50-1

adding members to a community 12-8

addresses

displaying the MAC address table 4-30

dynamic

changing the aging time 4-21

defined 4-19

learning 4-20

removing 4-22

MAC, discovering 4-30

See MAC addresses

static

adding and removing 4-27

defined 4-19

address resolution 4-30

adjacency tables

description 30-2

displaying statistics 30-9

administrative VLAN

REP, configuring 19-8

administrative VLAN, REP 19-7

advertisements

LLDP 1-4, 26-2

advertisements, VTP

See VTP advertisements

aggregation switch, enabling DHCP snooping 41-9

aging time

MAC address table 4-21

applying IPv6 ACLs to a Layer 3 interface 43-21

AQM via DBL, QoS on Sup 6-E 35-90

ARP

defined 4-30

table

address resolution 4-30

managing 4-30

asymmetrical links, and 802.1Q tunneling 24-4

asymmetrical routing environment, Unicast RPF blocking traffic 31-7

authentication

NTP associations 4-4

See also port-based authentication

TACACS+

defined 3-16

key 3-18

login 3-19

Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting (AAA) 40-1

Authentication Failed VLAN assignment

configure with 802.1X 38-39

authentication server

defined 38-3

RADIUS server 38-3

authoritative time source, described 4-2

authorization

with TACACS+ 3-16, 3-21

authorized and unauthorized ports 38-4

authorized ports with 802.1X 38-4

autoconfiguration 3-2

automatic discovery

considerations 12-7

automatic QoS

See QoS

Auto-MDIX on a port

configuring 6-26

displaying the configuration 6-26

overview 6-25

autonegotiation feature

forced 10/100Mbps 6-16

Auto-QoS

configuring 35-17

auto-sync command 7-8

B

Baby Giants

interacting with 6-24

BackboneFast

adding a switch (figure) 20-3

and MST 17-23

configuring 20-16

link failure (figure) 20-14, 20-15

not supported MST 17-23

understanding 20-13

See also STP

banners

configuring

login 4-19

message-of-the-day login 4-18

default configuration 4-18

when displayed 4-17

b command 54-3

b flash command 54-3

BGP 1-9

routing session with multi-VRF CE 34-7

blocking packets 44-1

blocking state (STP)

RSTP comparisons (table) 17-24

boot bootldr command 3-31

boot command 3-28

boot commands 54-3

boot fields

See configuration register boot fields

BOOTP and DHCP, Unicast RPF 31-8

bootstrap program

See ROM monitor

boot system command 3-26, 3-31

boot system flash command 3-28

Border Gateway Protocol

See BGP

boundary ports

description 17-27

BPDU Guard

and MST 17-23

configuring 20-16

overview 20-8

BPDUs

and media speed 17-2

pseudobridges and 17-25

what they contain 17-3

bridge ID

See STP bridge ID

bridge priority (STP) 17-16

bridge protocol data units

See BPDUs

Broadcast Storm Control

disabling 45-6

enabling 45-3

burst rate 35-57

burst size 35-32

C

cache engine clusters 53-1

cache engines 53-1

cache farms

See cache engine clusters

candidates

automatic discovery 12-7

candidate switch, cluster

defined 12-12

requirements 12-12

Capturing control packets

selecting mode 43-12

cautions for passwords

encrypting 3-22

CDP

and trusted boundary 35-27

automatic discovery in communities 12-7

configuration 25-2

defined with LLDP 26-1

displaying configuration 25-3

enabling on interfaces 25-3

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 24-7

maintaining 25-3

monitoring 25-3

overview 1-2, 25-1

cdp enable command 25-3

CEF

adjacency tables 30-2

and NSF with SSO 9-5

configuring load balancing 30-7

displaying statistics 30-8

enabling 30-6

hardware switching 30-4

load balancing 30-6

overview 30-1

software switching 30-4

CFM

and Ethernet OAM interaction 56-34

configuration guidelines 56-7, 57-4

configuring crosscheck 56-10

configuring the network 56-8

crosscheck 56-6

default configuration 56-7

defined 56-2

EtherChannel support 56-7, 57-4

IP SLAs support for 56-6

IP SLAs with endpoint discovers 56-14

maintenance domain 56-2

maintenance point 56-3

manually configuring IP SLAs ping or jitter 56-12

measuring network performance 56-6

monitoring 56-15, 56-16

on EtherChannel port channels 56-7

SNMP traps 56-6

types of messages 56-5

CGMP

overview 22-1

channel-group group command 21-7, 21-10

Cisco 7600 series Internet router

enabling SNMP 55-10

Cisco Discovery Protocol

See CDP

Cisco Express Forwarding

See CEF

Cisco Group Management Protocol

See CGMP

Cisco IOS IP SLAs 50-1

Cisco IOS NSF-aware

support 9-2

Cisco IOS NSF-capable support 9-2

Cisco IP Phones

configuring 36-3

sound quality 36-1

CiscoWorks 2000 48-4

CIST

description 17-22

civic location 26-3

class level, configure in a service policy 35-87

class-map command 35-34

class of service

See CoS

clear cdp counters command 25-4

clear cdp table command 25-3

clear counters command 6-29

clearing

IP multicast table entries 32-26

clear ip eigrp neighbors command 29-18

clear ip flow stats command 49-9

CLI

accessing 2-2

backing out one level 2-5

getting commands 2-5

history substitution 2-4

managing clusters 12-12

modes 2-5

monitoring environments 46-1

ROM monitor 2-7

software basics 2-4

clients

in 802.1X authentication 38-2

clock

See system clock

clustering switches

command switch characteristics 12-11, 12-12

and VTY 12-11

convert to a community 12-9

managing

through CLI 12-12

overview 12-10

planning considerations

CLI 12-12

passwords 12-8

command-line processing 2-3

command modes 2-5

commands

b 54-3

b flash 54-3

boot 54-3

confreg 54-3

dev 54-3

dir device 54-3

frame 54-5

i 54-3

listing 2-5

meminfo 54-5

reset 54-3

ROM monitor54-2to 54-3

ROM monitor debugging 54-5

SNMP 55-10

sysret 54-5

command switch, cluster

requirements 12-11

common and internal spanning tree

See CIST

common spanning tree

See CST

community of switches

access modes in Network Assistant 12-8

adding devices 12-8

candidate characterisitcs 12-6

communication protocols 12-8

community name 12-7

configuration information 12-8

converting from a cluster 12-9

host name 12-7

passwords 12-8

community ports 37-4

community strings

configuring 48-7

overview 48-4

community VLANs 37-3, 37-4

and SPAN features 37-12

configure as a PVLAN 37-13

compiling MIBs 55-10

config-register command 3-29

config terminal command 3-9

configurable leave timer,IGMP 22-4

configuration examples

SNMP 48-16

configuration files

limiting TFTP server access 48-15

obtaining with DHCP 3-6

saving 3-10

system contact and location information 48-15

configuration guidelines

CFM 56-7, 57-4

Ethernet OAM 56-20

REP 19-6

SNMP 48-6

configuration register

boot fields

listing value 3-29

modifying 3-28

changing from ROM monitor 54-3

changing settings3-28to 3-29

configuring 3-26

settings at startup 3-27

configure class-level queue-limit in a service policy 35-87

configure terminal command 3-28, 6-2

configuring access-group mode on Layer 2 interface 43-34

configuring flow control 6-18

configuring interface link and trunk status envents 6-30

configuring named IPv6 ACLs 43-20

configuring named MAC extended ACLs 43-19

configuring unicast MAC address filtering 43-19

configuring VLAN maps 43-22

confreg command 54-3

Connectivity Fault Management

See CFM

console configuration mode 2-5

console download54-4to 54-5

console port

disconnecting user sessions 8-7

monitoring user sessions 8-7

control plane policing

See CoPP

control protocol, IP SLAs 50-4

convergence

REP 19-3

CoPP

applying QoS service policy to control plane 40-4

configuring

ACLs to match traffic 40-4

enabling MLS QoS 40-4

packet classification criteria 40-4

service-policy map 40-4

control plane configuration mode

entering 40-4

displaying

dynamic information 40-8

number of conforming bytes and packets 40-8

rate information 40-8

entering control plane configuration mode 40-4

monitoring statistics 40-8

overview 40-2

copy running-config startup-config command 3-10

copy system:running-config nvram:startup-config command 3-31

CoS

definition 35-3

figure 35-2

overriding on Cisco IP Phones 36-5

priority 36-5

CoS Mutation

configuring 35-41

CoS-to-DSCP maps 35-59

CoS value, configuring for an interface 35-54

counters

clearing MFIB 32-26

clearing on interfaces 6-29

CPU, impact of ACL processing 43-17

CPU port sniffing 46-10

Critical Authentication

configure with 802.1X 38-36

crosscheck, CFM 56-6, 56-10

CST

description 17-25

IST and 17-22

MST and 17-22

customer edge devices 34-2

D

database agent

configuration examples 41-13

enabling the DHCP Snooping 41-12

daylight saving time 4-13

debug commands, ROM monitor 54-5

default configuration

802.1X 38-22

auto-QoS 35-18

banners 4-18

CFM 56-7

DNS 4-16

Ethernet OAM 56-19

IGMP filtering 22-18

IGMP snooping 23-5, 23-6

IP SLAs 50-6

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 24-9

LLDP 26-3

MAC address table 4-21

multi-VRF CE 34-4

NTP 4-4

private VLANs 37-11

REP 19-6

resetting the interface 6-32

RMON 51-3

SNMP 48-6

SPAN and RSPAN 46-6

system message logging 47-3

system name and prompt 4-15

TACACS+ 3-18

default gateway

configuring 3-11

verifying configuration 3-11

default settings, erase commad 3-31

denying access to a server on another VLAN 43-28

deploying 10-Gigabit Ethernet and a Gigabit Ethernet SFP ports 6-10

deploying 10-Gigabit Ethernet and a Gigabit Ethernet SFP ports on WS-X4606-10GE-E and Sup 6-E 6-11

description command 6-18

detecting unidirectional links 27-1

dev command 54-3

device discovery protocol 26-1

DHCP-based autoconfiguration

client request message exchange 3-3

configuring

client side 3-3

DNS 3-5

relay device 3-5

server-side 3-4

TFTP server 3-4

example 3-7

lease options

for IP address information 3-4

for receiving the configuration file 3-4

overview 3-2

relationship to BOOTP 3-3

DHCP option 82

overview 41-4

DHCP Snooping

enabling, and Option 82 41-9

DHCP snooping

accepting untrusted packets form edge switch 41-10

configuring 41-6

default configuration 41-7

displaying binding tables 41-16

displaying configuration 41-17

displaying information 41-16

enabling 41-7

enabling on private VLAN 41-11

enabling on the aggregation switch 41-9

enabling the database agent 41-12

message exchange process 41-4

monitoring 41-21

option 82 data insertion 41-4

overview 41-1

Snooping database agent 41-2

DHCP Snooping Database Agent

adding to the database (example) 41-15

enabling (example) 41-13

overview 41-2

reading from a TFTP file (example) 41-14

Diagnostics

online 52-1

troubleshooting 52-2

Power-On-Self-Test

causes of failure 52-14

how it works 52-3

overview 52-3

Power-On-Self-Test for Supervisor Engine V-10GE 52-8

Differentiated Services Code Point values

See DSCP values

DiffServ architecture, QoS 35-2

Digital optical monitoring transceiver support 6-14

dir device command 54-3

disabled state

RSTP comparisons (table) 17-24

disabling

broadcast storm control 45-6

disabling multicast storm control 45-7

disconnect command 8-7

discovery, clusters

See automatic discovery

discovery, Ethernet OAM 56-18

displaying EtherChannel to a Virtual Switch System 21-15

displaying storm control 45-7

display PoE consumed by a module 11-8

DNS

and DHCP-based autoconfiguration 3-5

default configuration 4-16

displaying the configuration 4-17

overview 4-15

setting up 4-16

domain names

DNS 4-15

Domain Name System

See DNS

double-tagged packets

802.1Q tunneling 24-3

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 24-9

downloading MIBs 55-8, 55-9

drop threshold for Layer 2 protocol packets 24-10

DSCP maps 35-58

DSCP-to-CoS maps

configuring 35-60

DSCP values

configuring maps 35-58

definition 35-4

IP precedence 35-2

mapping markdown 35-24

mapping to transmit queues 35-56

DSCP values, configuring port value 35-55

DTP

VLAN trunks and 15-3

duplex command 6-17

duplex mode

configuring interface 6-15

dynamic ARP inspection

ARP cache poisoning 42-2

configuring

ACLs for non-DHCP environments 42-11

in DHCP environments 42-5

log buffer 42-14

rate limit for incoming ARP packets 42-16

denial-of-service attacks, preventing 42-16

interface trust state, security coverage 42-3

log buffer

configuring 42-14

logging of dropped packets 42-4

overview 42-1

port channels, their behavior 42-5

priority of static bindings 42-4

purpose of 42-2

rate limiting of ARP packets 42-4

configuring 42-16

validation checks, performing 42-19

dynamic buffer limiting

globally 35-28

on specific CoS values 35-30

on specific IP DSCP values 35-29

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol snooping

See DHCP snooping

dynamic port VLAN membership

example 13-25

limit on hosts 13-25

reconfirming 13-23

troubleshooting 13-25

Dynamic Trunking Protocol

See DTP

E

EAP frames

changing retransmission time 38-44

exchanging (figure) 38-4, 38-6, 38-11

request/identity 38-3

response/identity 38-3

setting retransmission number 38-45

EAPOL frames

802.1X authentication and 38-3

OTP authentication, example (figure) 38-4, 38-11

start 38-3

edge ports

description 17-27

EGP

overview 1-9

EIGRP

configuration examples 29-19

monitoring and maintaining 29-18

EIGRP (Enhanced IGRP)

stub routing

benefits 29-17

configuration tasks 29-17

configuring 29-13

overview 29-13

restrictions 29-17

verifying 29-18

EIGRP (enhanced IGRP)

overview 1-10

eigrp stub command 29-18

EIGRP stub routing, configuring 29-12

ELIN location 26-3

Embedded CiscoView

displaying information 4-33

installing and configuring 4-31

overview 4-31

emergency alarms on Sup Engine 6-E systems 10-3

enable command 3-9, 3-28

enable mode 2-5

enabling or disabling QOS on an interface 35-51

enabling SNMP 55-10

encapsulation types 15-3

Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol

See EIGRP

Enhanced PoE support on E-series 11-12

environmental conditions

Sup Engine 6-E 10-3

Sup Engines II-Plus to V-10GE 10-2

environmental monitoring

using CLI commands 10-1

EtherChannel

channel-group group command 21-7, 21-10

configuration guidelines 21-5

configuring21-6to 21-14

configuring Layer 2 21-9

configuring Layer 3 21-6

displaying to a virtual switch system 21-15

interface port-channel command 21-7

lacp system-priority

command example 21-12

modes 21-3

overview 21-1

PAgP

Understanding 21-3

physical interface configuration 21-7

port-channel interfaces 21-2

port-channel load-balance command 21-13

removing 21-14

removing interfaces 21-14

EtherChannel guard

disabling 20-6

enabling 20-6

overview 20-6

Ethernet infrastructure 56-1

Ethernet management port

and routing 6-7

and routing protocols 6-7

and switch stacks 6-7

configuring 6-9

default setting 6-7

described 1-15, 6-7

for network management 1-15, 6-7

specifying 6-9

supported features 6-8

unsupported features 6-9

Ethernet management port, internal

and routing protocols 6-7

Ethernet Management Port, using 6-6

Ethernet OAM 56-19

and CFM interaction 56-34

configuration guidelines 56-20

default configuration 56-19

discovery 56-18

enabling 56-20

link monitoring 56-19, 56-23

manager 56-1

messages 56-19

protocol

defined 56-18

monitoring 56-32

remote failure indications 56-19

remote loopback 56-19, 56-22

templates 56-28

Ethernet OAM protocol CFM notifications 56-34

Ethernet operation, administration, and maintenance

See Ethernet OAM

explicit host tracking

enabling 22-10

extended range VLANs

See VLANs

Extensible Authentication Protocol over LAN 38-1

Exterior Gateway Protocol

See EGP

F

Fa0 port

See Ethernet management port

FastDrop

overview 32-10

fastethernet0 port

See Ethernet management port

FIB

description 30-2

See also MFIB

filtering

in a VLAN 43-22

non-IP traffic 43-19

flags 32-11

Flash memory

configuring router to boot from 3-30

loading system images from 3-30

security precautions 3-30

Flex Links

configuration guidelines 18-5

configuring 18-6, 18-7

configuring preferred VLAN 18-9

configuring VLAN load balancing 18-8

monitoring 18-11

flooded traffic, blocking 44-2

flowchart, traffic marking procedure 35-77

flow control, configuring 6-18

forward-delay time (STP)

configuring 17-18

forwarding information base

See FIB

frame command 54-5

G

gateway

See default gateway

get-bulk-request operation 48-3

get-next-request operation 48-3, 48-4

get-request operation 48-3, 48-4

get-response operation 48-3

Gigabit Ethernet SFP ports

deploy with 10-Gigabit Ethernet 6-10

global configuration mode 2-5

Guest-VLANs

configure with 802.1X 38-32, 38-41

H

hardware and software ACL support 43-5

hardware switching 30-5

hello time (STP)

configuring 17-17

hierarchical policers, configuring 35-47

high CPU due to ACLs, troubleshooting 43-12

history

CLI 2-4

history table, level and number of syslog messages 47-10

hop counts

configuring MST bridges 17-28

host

configuring host statically 22-10

limit on dynamic port 13-25

host ports

kinds of 37-4

Hot Standby Routing Protocol

See HSRP

HSRP

description 1-9

http

//www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/fundamentals/command reference/cf_book.html 47-1, 48-1

hw-module module num power command 10-20

I

ICMP

enabling 8-12

ping 8-8

running IP traceroute 8-9

time exceeded messages 8-9

ICMP Echo operation

configuring 50-12

IP SLAs 50-11

i command 54-3

IDS

using with SPAN and RSPAN 46-2

IEEE 802.1ag 56-2

IEEE 802.1s

See MST

IEEE 802.1w

See MST

IEEE 802.3ad

See LACP

IEEE 802.3ah Ethernet OAM discovery 56-1

IGMP

configurable leave timer

enabling 22-8

configurable-leave timer 22-4

description 32-3

enabling 32-13

explicit host tracking 22-4, 22-10

immediate-leave processing 22-3

leave processing, enabling 23-8

overview 22-1

report suppression

disabling 23-11

IGMP filtering

configuring 22-18

default configuration 22-18

described 22-18

monitoring 22-21

IGMP groups

setting the maximum number 22-20

IGMP Immediate Leave

configuration guidelines 22-8

IGMP profile

applying 22-19

configuration mode 22-18

configuring 22-19

IGMP snooping

configuration guidelines 22-5

default configuration 23-5, 23-6

enabling 22-5, 22-6

enabling and disabling 23-6

IP multicast and 32-4

monitoring 22-13, 23-11

overview 22-1

IGRP

description 1-10

Immediate Leave, IGMP

enabling 23-8

immediate-leave processing

enabling 22-8

IGMP

See fast-leave processing

ingress packets, SPAN enhancement 46-12

inline power

configuring on Cisco IP phones 36-5

insufficient inline power handling for Supervisor Engine II-TS 10-18

Intelligent Power Management 11-4

interacting with Baby Giants 6-24

interface command 3-9, 6-2

interface configuration

REP 19-9

interface link and trunk status events

configuring 6-30

interface port-channel command 21-7

interface range command 6-4

interface range macro command 6-9

interfaces

adding descriptive name 6-18

clearing counters 6-29

configuring 6-2

configuring ranges 6-4

displaying information about 6-28

Layer 2 modes 15-4

maintaining 6-28

monitoring 6-28

naming 6-18

numbers 6-2

overview 6-2

restarting 6-29

See also Layer 2 interfaces

using the Ethernet Management Port 6-6

Interior Gateway Routing Protocol

See IGRP

Internet Control Message Protocol

See ICMP

Internet Group Management Protocol

See IGMP

Inter-Switch Link encapsulation

See ISL encapsulation

Intrusion Detection System

See IDS

inventory management TLV 26-3, 26-7

IP

configuring default gateway 3-11

configuring static routes 3-11

displaying statistics 30-8

flow switching cache 49-9

IP addresses

cluster candidate or member 12-12

cluster command switch 12-11

discovering 4-30

ip cef command 30-6

IP Enhanced IGRP

interfaces, displaying 29-18

ip flow-aggregation cache destination-prefix command 49-11

ip flow-aggregation cache prefix command 49-11

ip flow-aggregation cache source-prefix command 49-12

ip flow-export command 49-9

ip icmp rate-limit unreachable command 8-13

ip igmp profile command 22-18

ip igmp snooping tcn flood command 22-12

ip igmp snooping tcn flood query count command 22-12

ip igmp snooping tcn query solicit command 22-13

IP information

assigned

through DHCP-based autoconfiguration 3-2

ip load-sharing per-destination command 30-7

ip local policy route-map command 33-5

ip mask-reply command 8-14

IP MTU sizes, configuring 29-8

IP MTU sizes,configuring 29-8

IP multicast

clearing table entries 32-26

configuring 32-12

default configuration 32-12

displaying PIM information 32-22

displaying the routing table information 32-22

enabling dense-mode PIM 32-14

enabling sparse-mode 32-14

features not supported 32-12

hardware forwarding 32-8

IGMP snooping and 22-4, 32-4

overview 32-1

routing protocols 32-2

software forwarding 32-8

See also Auto-RP; IGMP; PIM; RP; RPF

IP multicast routing

enabling 32-13

monitoring and maintaining 32-21

ip multicast-routing command 32-13

IP phones

automatic classification and queueing 35-17

configuring voice ports 36-3

See Cisco IP Phones 36-1

trusted boundary for QoS 35-26

ip pim command 32-14

ip pim dense-mode command 32-14

ip pim sparse-dense-mode command 32-15

ip policy route-map command 33-4

IP Port Security for Static Hosts

on a Layer 2 access port 41-22

on a PVLAN host port 41-25

overview 41-21

ip redirects command 8-13

ip route-cache flow command 49-7

IP routing tables

deleting entries 32-26

IP Service Level Agreements

See IP SLAs

IP service levels, analyzing 50-1

IP SLAs

benefits 50-2

CFM endpoint discovery 56-14

Control Protocol 50-4

default configuration 50-6

definition 50-1

ICMP echo operation 50-11

manually configuring CFM ping or jitter 56-12

measuring network performance 50-3

monitoring 50-14

multioperations scheduling 50-5

operation 50-3

responder

described 50-4

enabling 50-8

response time 50-4

scheduling 50-5

SNMP support 50-2

supported metrics 50-2

threshold monitoring 50-6

UDP jitter operation 50-8

IP Source Guard

configuring 41-18

configuring on private VLANs 41-19

displaying 41-19, 41-21

overview 41-17

IP statistics

displaying 30-8

IP traceroute

executing 8-9

overview 8-9

IP unicast

displaying statistics 30-8

IP Unnumbered support

configuring on a range of Ethernet VLANs 14-5

configuring on LAN and VLAN interfaces 14-4

configuring with connected host polling 14-6

DHCP Option 82 14-2

displaying settings 14-7

format of agent remote ID suboptions 14-3

troubleshooting 14-8

with conected host polling 14-3

with DHCP server and Relay agent 14-2

ip unreachables command 8-12

IPX

redistribution of route information with EIGRP 1-10

ISL

encapsulation 15-3

trunking with 802.1Q tunneling 24-4

isolated port 37-4

isolated VLANs 37-3, 37-4, 37-5

ISSU

compatibility matrix 5-13

compatiblity verification using Cisco Feature Navigator 5-14

NSF overview 5-4

perform the process

aborting a software upgrade 5-26

configuring the rollback timer as a safeguard 5-27

displaying a compatibility matrix 5-29

loading the new software on the new standby 5-24

stopping the rollback timer 5-23

switching to the standby 5-21

verify the ISSU state 5-17

verify the redundancy mode 5-16

verify the software installation 5-15

vload the new software on standby 5-17

prerequisites 5-2

process overview 5-7

restrictions 5-2

SNMP support 5-14

SSO overview 5-4

versioning capability in software to support 5-12

IST

and MST regions 17-22

description 17-22

master 17-27

J

jumbo frames

and ethernet ports 6-22

configuring MTU sizes for 6-23

ports and linecards that support 6-21

understanding MTUs 6-21

understanding support 6-21

VLAN interfaces 6-22

K

keyboard shortcuts 2-3

L

l2protocol-tunnel command 24-11

labels, definition 35-3

LACP

system ID 21-4

Layer 2 access ports 15-8

Layer 2 Control Packet QoS

feature interaction 35-65

overview 35-61

usage guidelines 35-65

Layer 2 frames

classification with CoS 35-2

Layer 2 interface, configuring access-mode mode on 43-34

Layer 2 interfaces

assigning VLANs 13-8

configuring 15-5

configuring as PVLAN host ports 37-16

configuring as PVLAN promiscuous ports 37-15

configuring as PVLAN trunk ports 37-17

defaults 15-5

disabling configuration 15-9

modes 15-4

show interfaces command 15-7

Layer 2 interface type

resetting 37-22

setting 37-22

Layer 2 protocol tunneling

default configuration 24-9

guidelines 24-10

Layer 2 switching

overview 15-1

Layer 2 Traceroute

and ARP 8-11

and CDP 8-10

host-to-host paths 8-10

IP addresses and subnets 8-11

MAC addresses and VLANs 8-11

multicast traffic 8-11

multiple devices on a port 8-11

unicast traffic 1-23, 8-10

usage guidelines 8-10

Layer 2 trunks

configuring 15-6

overview 15-3

Layer 3 interface, applying IPv6 ACLs 43-21

Layer 3 interface counters,configuring 29-10

Layer 3 interface counters,understanding 29-4

Layer 3 interfaces

configuration guidelines 29-5

overview 29-1

logical 29-2

physical 29-2

VLANs as interfaces 29-7

Layer 3 packets

classification methods 35-2

Layer 4 port operations

configuration guidelines 43-16

restrictions 43-15

limitations on using a TwinGig Convertor 6-12

link and trunk status events

configuring interface 6-30

link integrity, verifying with REP 19-3

Link Layer Discovery Protocol

See CDP

link monitoring, Ethernet OAM 56-19, 56-23

listening state (STP)

RSTP comparisons (table) 17-24

LLDP

configuring 26-3

characteristics 26-4

default configuration 26-3

disabling and enabling

globally 26-5

on an interface 26-5

monitoring and maintaining 26-7

overview 26-1

transmission timer and holdtime, setting 26-4

LLDP-MED

configuring

procedures 26-3

TLVs 26-6

monitoring and maintaining 26-7

overview 26-1

supported TLVs 26-2

LLDP Media Endpoint Discovery

See LLDP-MED

load balancing

configuring for CEF 30-7

configuring for EtherChannel 21-13

overview 21-5, 30-6

per-destination 30-7

location TLV 26-3, 26-7

Logical Layer 3 interfaces

configuring 29-5

login authentication

with TACACS+ 3-19

login banners 4-17

login timer

changing 8-6

logoutwarning command 8-7

loop guard

and MST 17-23

configuring 20-4

overview 20-3

M

MAC/PHY configuration status TLV 26-2

MAC addresses

aging time 4-21

allocating 17-5

and VLAN association 4-20

building tables 4-20, 15-2

convert dynamic to sticky secure 39-5

default configuration 4-21

discovering 4-30

displaying 4-30, 8-4

displaying in DHCP snooping binding table 41-17

dynamic

learning 4-20

removing 4-22

in ACLs 43-19

static

adding 4-28

allowing 4-29

characteristics of 4-27

dropping 4-29

removing 4-28

sticky 39-4

sticky secure, adding 39-5

MAC address-table move update

configuration guidelines 18-6

configuring 18-9

description 18-3

monitoring 18-11

MAC Authentication Bypass

configure with 802.1X 38-35

MAC extended access lists 43-19

macros

See Smartports macros

main-cpu command 7-8

Maintenance end points

See MEPs

Maintenance intermediate points

See MIPs

management address TLV 26-2

management options

SNMP 48-1

Management Port, Ethernet 6-6

manual preemption, REP, configuring 19-11

mapping

DSCP markdown values 35-24

DSCP values to transmit queues 35-56

mapping tables

configuring DSCP 35-58

described 35-14

marking

hardware capabilities 35-79

marking action drivers 35-77

marking network traffic 35-74

marking support, multi-attribute 35-78

mask destination command 49-11

mask source command 49-11, 49-12

Match CoS for non-IPV4 traffic

configuring 35-36

match ip address command 33-3

maximum aging time (STP)

configuring 17-18

MDA

configuration guidelines38-19to 38-20

described 38-19

members

automatic discovery 12-7

member switch

managing 12-12

member switch, cluster

defined 12-11

requirements 12-12

meminfo command 54-5

MEPs

defined 56-3

messages, Ethernet OAM 56-19

messages, to users through banners 4-17

Metro features

Ethernet CFM, introduction 1-3

Ethernet OAM Protocol, introduction 1-3

Flex Link and MAC Address-Table Move Update, introduction 1-3

Y.1731 (AIS and RDI), introduction 1-8

metro tags 24-3

MFIB

CEF 32-5

overview 32-11

MFIB, IP

displaying 32-24

MIBs

compiling 55-10

downloading 55-8, 55-9

overview 48-1

related information 55-9

SNMP interaction with 48-4

MIPs

defined 56-4

MLD Done messages and Immediate-leave 23-4

MLD messages 23-2

MLD queries 23-3

MLD reports 23-4

MLD Snooping

MLD Done messages and Immediate-leave 23-4

MLD messages 23-2

MLD queries 23-3

MLD reports 23-4

Multicast client aging robustness 23-3

Multicast router discovery 23-3

overview 23-1

Mode of capturing control packets, selecting 43-12

modules

checking status 8-2

powering down 10-20

monitoring

802.1Q tunneling 24-12

ACL information 43-38

Ethernet CFM 56-15, 56-16

Ethernet OAM 56-32

Ethernet OAM protocol 56-32

Flex Links 18-11

IGMP

snooping 23-11

IGMP filters 22-21

IGMP snooping 22-13

IP SLAs operations 50-14

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 24-12

MAC address-table move update 18-11

multicast router interfaces 23-11

multi-VRF CE 34-12

REP 19-12

traffic flowing among switches 51-1

tunneling 24-12

VLAN filters 43-29

VLAN maps 43-29

M-record 17-23

MST

and multiple spanning trees 1-4, 17-22

boundary ports 17-27

BPDUs 17-23

configuration parameters 17-26

configuring 17-29

displaying configurations 17-33

edge ports 17-27

enabling 17-29

hop count 17-28

instances

configuring parameters 17-32

description 17-22

number supported 17-26

interoperability with PVST+ 17-23

link type 17-28

master 17-27

message age 17-28

regions 17-26

restrictions 17-29

to-SST interoperability 17-24

MSTP

EtherChannel guard

enabling 20-6

M-record 17-23

M-tree 17-23

M-tree 17-23

MTUS

understanding 6-21

MTU size

configuring 6-23, 6-24, 6-30, 6-31

default 13-4

multicast

See IP multicast

Multicast client aging robustness 23-3

multicast groups

static joins 23-7

multicast packets

blocking 44-2

Multicast router discovery 23-3

multicast router interfaces, monitoring 23-11

multicast router ports, adding 23-8

multicast routers

flood suppression 22-10

multicast router table

displaying 32-22

Multicast Storm Control

enabling 45-4

disabling 45-7

suppression on Sup 6-E 45-4

suppression on WS-X4014 45-5

suppression on WS-X4016 45-5

WS-X4515, WS-X4014, and WS-X4013+ Sup Engs 45-5

WS-X4516 Sup Eng 45-5

multidomain authentication

See MDA

multioperations scheduling, IP SLAs 50-5

Multiple Domain Authentication

configuring 38-28

overview of Host Mode 38-6

multiple forwarding paths 1-4, 17-22

Multiple Spanning Tree

See MST

multiple VPN routing/forwarding

See multi-VRF CE

multi-VRF CE

components 34-4

configuration example 34-8

default configuration 34-4

defined 34-1

displaying 34-12

monitoring 34-12

network components 34-4

packet-forwarding process 34-4

N

named aggregate policers, creating 35-31

named IPv6 ACLs, configuring

ACLs

configuring named IPv6 ACLs 43-20

named MAC extended ACLs

ACLs

configuring named MAC extended 43-19

native VLAN

and 802.1Q tunneling 24-4

specifying 15-6

neighbor offset numbers, REP 19-4

NetFlow

aggregation

minimum mask,default value 49-11

destination-prefix aggregation

configuration (example) 49-16

minimum mask, configuring 49-11

IP

flow switching cache 49-9

prefix aggregation

configuration (example) 49-14

minimum mask, configuring 49-11

source-prefix aggregation

minimum mask, configuring 49-11

switching

checking for required hardware 49-6

configuration (example) 49-13

configuring switched IP flows 49-8

enabling Collection 49-7

exporting cache entries 49-9

statistics 49-9

NetFlow statistics

caveats on supervisor 49-6

checking for required hardware 49-6

configuring collection 49-6

enabling Collection 49-7

exporting cache entries 49-9

overview of collection 49-2

switched/bridged IP flows 49-8

Network Assistant

and VTY 12-11

configure

enable communication with switch 12-13, 12-17

default configuration 12-2

overview of CLI commands 12-2

network fault tolerance 1-4, 17-22

network management

configuring 25-1

RMON 51-1

SNMP 48-1

network performance, measuring with IP SLAs 50-3

network policy TLV 26-2, 26-7

Network Time Protocol

See NTP

network traffic, marking 35-74

New Software Features in Release 7.7

TDR 8-4

Next Hop Resolution Protocol

See NHRP

NFFC/NFFC II

IGMP snooping and 22-5

NHRP

support 1-10

non-IP traffic filtering 43-19

non-RPF traffic

description 32-9

in redundant configurations (figure) 32-10

Nonstop Forwarding

See NSF

nonvolatile random-access memory

See NVRAM

normal-range VLANs

See VLANs

NSF

defined 9-1

guidelines and restrictions 9-9

operation 9-5

NSF-aware

supervisor engines 9-3

support 9-2

NSF-capable

supervisor engines 9-3

support 9-2

NSF with SSO supervisor engine redundancy

and CEF 9-5

overview 9-4

SSO operation 9-4

NTP

associations

authenticating 4-4

defined 4-2

enabling broadcast messages 4-7

peer 4-6

server 4-6

default configuration 4-4

displaying the configuration 4-11

overview 4-2

restricting access

creating an access group 4-9

disabling NTP services per interface 4-10

source IP address, configuring 4-10

stratum 4-2

synchronizing devices 4-6

time

services 4-2

synchronizing 4-2

NVRAM

saving settings 3-10

O

OAM

client 56-18

features 56-18

sublayer 56-18

OAM manager

with CFM and Ethernet OAM 56-34

OAM PDUs 56-20

OAM protocol data units 56-18

OIR

overview 6-27

Online Diagnostics 52-1

online insertion and removal

See OIR

Open Shortest Path First

See OSPF

operating system images

See system images

Option 82

enabling DHCP Snooping 41-9

OSPF

area concept 1-11

description 1-11

P

packets

modifying 35-16

software processed

and QoS 35-16

packet type filtering

overview 46-15

SPAN enhancement 46-15

PACL, using with access-group mode 43-34

PACL with VLAN maps and router ACLs 43-36

PAgP

understanding 21-3

passwords

configuring enable password 3-13

configuring enable secret password 3-13

encrypting 3-22

in clusters 12-8

recovering lost enable password 3-25

setting line password 3-14

PBR (policy-based routing)

configuration (example) 33-5

enabling 33-3

features 33-2

overview 33-1, 33-2

route maps 33-2

when to use 33-2

per-port and VLAN Access Control List 41-17

per-port per-VLAN QoS

enabling 35-49

overview 35-16

Per-VLAN Rapid Spanning Tree 17-6

enabling 17-20

overview 17-6

PE to CE routing, configuring 34-7

Physical Layer 3 interfaces, configuring 29-11

PIM

configuring dense mode 32-14

configuring sparse mode 32-14

displaying information 32-22

displaying statistics 32-26

enabling sparse-dense mode 32-14, 32-15

overview 32-3

PIM-DM 32-3

PIM on an interface, enabling 32-13

PIM-SM 32-3

PIM-SSM mapping, enabling 32-15

ping

executing 8-8

overview 8-8

ping command 8-8, 32-22

PoE 11-8

configuring power consumption for single device 11-6

configuring power consumption for switch 11-5

Enhanced PoE support on E-series 11-12

power consumption for powered devices

Intelligent Power Management 11-4

powering down a module 10-20

power management modes 11-2

point-to-point

in 802.1X authentication (figure) 38-2, 38-17

police command 35-38

policed-DSCP map 35-59

policers

description 35-5

types of 35-10

policies

See QoS policies

policing

how to implement 35-73

See QoS policing

policy associations, QoS on Sup 6-E 35-91

policy-map command 35-34, 35-37

policy map marking action, configuring 35-79

policy maps

attaching to interfaces 35-41

configuring 35-36

port ACLs

and voice VLAN 43-5

defined 43-3

limitations 43-5

Port Aggregation Protocol

see PAgP

port-based authentication

802.1X with voice VLAN 38-18

changing the quiet period 38-43

client, defined 38-2

configuration guidelines 38-23

configure 802.1X accounting 38-32

configure switch-to-RADIUS server communication 38-26

configure with Authentication Failed VLAN assignment 38-39

configure with Critical Authentication 38-36

configure with Guest-VLANs 38-32, 38-41

configure with MAC Authentication Bypass 38-35

configure with Wake-on-LAN 38-38

configuring

Multiple Domain Authentication 38-28

configuring Guest-VLAN 38-26

configuring manual re-authentication of a client 38-46

controlling authorization state 38-5

default configuration 38-22

described 38-1

device roles 38-2

displaying statistics 38-47

enabling 38-23

enabling multiple hosts 38-42

enabling periodic re-authentication 38-41

encapsulation 38-3

host mode 38-6

initiation and message exchange 38-3

method lists 38-23

multidomain authentication 38-19

multiple-hosts mode, described 38-6

port security

multiple-hosts mode 38-7

ports not supported 38-4

resetting to default values 38-47

setting retransmission number 38-45

setting retransmission time 38-44

topologies, supported 38-21

using with port security 38-15

with Critical Authentication 38-12

with Guest VLANs 38-8

with MAC Authentication Bypass 38-9

with VLAN assignment 38-7

port-based QoS features

See QoS

port-channel interfaces

See also EtherChannel

creating 21-6

overview 21-2

port-channel load-balance

command 21-12

command example 21-12

port-channel load-balance command 21-13

port cost (STP)

configuring 17-15

port description TLV 26-2

PortFast

and MST 17-23

BPDU filter, configuring 20-9

configuring or enabling 20-16

overview 20-6

PortFast BPDU filtering

and MST 17-23

enabling 20-9

overview 20-9

port numbering with TwinGig Convertors 6-11

port priority

configuring MST instances 17-32

configuring STP 17-13

ports

blocking 44-1

checking status 8-3

dynamic VLAN membership

example 13-25

reconfirming 13-23

forwarding, resuming 44-3

REP 19-5

See also interfaces

port security

aging 39-5

and QoS trusted boundary 35-26

configuring 39-7

displaying 39-27

guidelines and restrictions 39-32

on access ports 39-6, 39-21

on private VLAN 39-13

host 39-14

over Layer 2 EtherChannel 39-32

promiscuous 39-15

topology 39-14, 39-17, 39-32

on trunk port 39-16

guidelines and restrictions 39-14, 39-17, 39-20, 39-32

port mode changes 39-21

on voice ports 39-21

RADIUS accounting 38-16

sticky learning 39-5

using with 802.1X 38-15

violations 39-6

with 802.1X Authentication 39-31

with DHCP and IP Source Guard 39-30

with other features 39-32

port states

description 17-5

port trust state

See trust states

port VLAN ID TLV 26-2

power

inline 36-5

power dc input command 10-17

power handling for Supervisor Engine II-TS 11-12

power inline command 11-3

power inline consumption command 11-5, 11-6

power management

Catalyst 4500 series 10-6

Catalyst 4500 Switch power supplies 10-13

Catalyst 4948 series 10-20

configuring combined mode 10-12

configuring redundant mode 10-11

overview 10-1

redundancy 10-6

power management for Catalyst 4500 Switch

combined mode 10-8

redundant mode 10-8

power management limitations in Catalyst 4500 Switch 10-9

power management mode

selecting 10-8

power management TLV 26-2, 26-7

Power-On-Self-Test diagnostics 52-3, 52-14

Power-On-Self-Test for Supervisor Engine V-10GE 52-8

power redundancy-mode command 10-11

power supplies

available power for Catalyst 4500 Switch 10-13

fixed 10-7

variable 10-7, 10-20

preempt delay time, REP 19-5

primary edge port, REP 19-4

primary VLANs 37-3, 37-5

associating with secondary VLANs 37-14

configuring as a PVLAN 37-13

priority

overriding CoS of incoming frames 36-5

priority queuing, QoS on Sup 6-E 35-86

private VLAN

configure port security 39-14

enabling DHCP Snooping 41-11

private VLANs

across multiple switches 37-5

and SVIs 37-10

benefits of 37-3

community ports 37-4

community VLANs 37-3, 37-4

default configuration 37-11

end station access to 37-3

isolated port 37-4

isolated VLANs 37-3, 37-4, 37-5

ports

community 37-4

isolated 37-4

promiscuous 37-5

primary VLANs 37-3, 37-5

promiscuous ports 37-5

secondary VLANs 37-3

subdomains 37-3

traffic in 37-9

privileged EXEC mode 2-5

privileges

changing default 3-23

configuring levels 3-23

exiting 3-24

logging in 3-24

promiscuous ports

configuring PVLAN 37-15

defined 37-5

setting mode 37-22

protocol timers 17-4

provider edge devices 34-2

pruning, VTP

See VTP pruning

pseudobridges

description 17-25

PVACL 41-17

PVID (port VLAN ID)

and 802.1X with voice VLAN ports 38-18

PVLAN promiscuous trunk port

configuring 37-2, 37-15, 37-19

PVLANs

802.1q support 37-12

across multiple switches 37-6

configuration guidelines 37-11

configure port security 39-13, 39-15, 39-17

configure port security in a wireless setting 39-32

configure port security over Layer 2 EtherChannel 39-32

configuring 37-10

configuring a VLAN 37-13

configuring promiscuous ports 37-15

host ports

configuring a Layer 2 interface 37-16

setting 37-22

overview 37-1

permitting routing, example 37-21

promiscuous mode

setting 37-22

setting

interface mode 37-22

Q

QoS

allocating bandwidth 35-57

and software processed packets 35-16

auto-QoS

configuration and defaults display 35-20

configuration guidelines 35-19

described 35-17

displaying 35-20

effects on NVRAM configuration 35-19

enabling for VoIP 35-19

basic model 35-5

burst size 35-32

classification35-6to 35-10

configuration guidelines 35-25

auto-QoS 35-19

configuring

auto-QoS 35-17

DSCP maps 35-58

dynamic buffer limiting 35-28

traffic shaping 35-57

trusted boundary 35-26

configuring Layer 2 Control Packet QoS, feature interaction 35-65

configuring Layer 2 Control Packet QoS, guidelines 35-65

configuring Layer 2 Control Packet QoS, overview 35-61

configuring UBRL 35-43

configuring VLAN-based on Layer 2 interfaces 35-52

creating named aggregate policers 35-31

creating policing rules 35-33

default auto configuration 35-18

default configuration 35-24

definitions 35-3

disabling on interfaces 35-41

enabling and disabling 35-51

enabling hierarchical policers 35-47

enabling on interfaces 35-41

enabling per-port per-VLAN 35-49

flowcharts 35-8, 35-12

IP phones

automatic classification and queueing 35-17

detection and trusted settings 35-17, 35-26

overview 35-2

overview of per-port per-VLAN 35-16

packet modification 35-16

port-based 35-52

priority 35-15

traffic shaping 35-16

transmit rate 35-57

trust states

trusted device 35-26

VLAN-based 35-52

See also COS; DSCP values; transmit queues

QoS active queue management

tracking queue length 35-14

QoS labels

definition 35-3

QoS mapping tables

CoS-to-DSCP 35-59

DSCP-to-CoS 35-60

policed-DSCP 35-59

types 35-14

QoS marking

description 35-5

QoS on Sup 6-E

Active Queue management via DBL 35-90

active queue management via DBL 35-83, 35-90

classification 35-72

configuring 35-68

configuring the policy map marking action 35-79

hardware capabilities for marking 35-79

how to implement policing 35-73

marking action drivers 35-77

marking network traffic 35-74

MQC-based QoS configuration 35-69

multi-attribute marking support 35-78

platform hardware capabilities 35-71

platform restrictions 35-73

platform-supported classification criteria and QoS features 35-69, 35-70

policing 35-72

policy associations 35-91

prerequisites for applying a service policy 35-72

priority queuing 35-86

queue-limiting 35-87

restrictions for applying a service policy 35-72

shaping 35-81

sharing(bandwidth) 35-83

sharing(blandwidth), shapring, and priority queuing 35-81

software QoS 35-93

traffic marking procedure flowchart 35-77

QoS policers

burst size 35-32

types of 35-10

QoS policing

definition 35-5

described 35-5, 35-10

QoS policy

attaching to interfaces 35-11

overview of configuration 35-34

QoS service policy

prerequisites 35-72

restrictions for applying 35-72

QoS transmit queues

allocating bandwidth 35-57

burst 35-16

configuring traffic shaping 35-57

mapping DHCP values to 35-56

maximum rate 35-16

overview 35-14

sharing link bandwidth 35-15

QoS transmit queues, configuring 35-55

Quality of service

See QoS

queueing 35-6, 35-14

queue-limiting, QoS on Sup 6-E 35-87

R

RADIUS server

configure to-Switch communication 38-26

configuring settings 38-28

parameters on the switch 38-26

range command 6-4

range macros

defining 6-9

ranges of interfaces

configuring 6-4

Rapid Spanning Tree

See RSTP

rcommand command 12-12

re-authentication of a client

configuring manual 38-46

enabling periodic 38-41

reduced MAC address 17-2

redundancy

configuring 7-8

guidelines and restrictions 7-6

changes made through SNMP 7-11

NSF-aware support 9-2

NSF-capable support 9-2

overview 7-2

redundancy command 7-8

understanding synchronization 7-5

redundancy (NSF) 9-1

configuring

BGP 9-11

CEF 9-11

EIGRP 9-16

IS-IS 9-14

OSPF 9-13

routing protocols 9-5

redundancy (RPR)

route processor redundancy 7-3

synchronization 7-5

redundancy (SSO)

redundancy command 9-10

route processor redundancy 7-3

synchronization 7-5

reload command 3-28, 3-29

remote failure indications 56-19

remote loopback, Ethernet OAM 56-19, 56-22

Remote Network Monitoring

See RMON

rendezvous point, configuring 32-15

rendezvous point, configuring single static 32-19

REP

administrative VLAN 19-7

administrative VLAN, configuring 19-8

and STP 19-5

configuration guidelines 19-6

configuring interfaces 19-9

convergence 19-3

default configuration 19-6

manual preemption, configuring 19-11

monitoring 19-12

neighbor offset numbers 19-4

open segment 19-2

ports 19-5

preempt delay time 19-5

primary edge port 19-4

ring segment 19-2

secondary edge port 19-4

segments 19-1

characteristics 19-2

SNMP traps, configuring 19-12

supported interfaces 19-1

triggering VLAN load balancing 19-5

verifying link integrity 19-3

VLAN blocking 19-11

VLAN load balancing 19-4

replication

description 32-8

report suppression, IGMP

disabling 23-11

reserved-range VLANs

See VLANs

reset command 54-3

resetting an interface to default configuration 6-32

resetting a switch to defaults 3-31

Resilient Ethernet ProtocolLSee REP

responder, IP SLAs

described 50-4

enabling 50-8

response time, measuring with IP SLAs 50-4

restricting access

NTP services 4-8

TACACS+ 3-15

retransmission number

setting in 802.1X authentication 38-45

retransmission time

changing in 802.1X authentication 38-44

RFC

1157, SNMPv1 48-2

1305, NTP 4-2

1757, RMON 51-2

1901, SNMPv2C 48-2

1902 to 1907, SNMPv2 48-2

2273-2275, SNMPv3 48-2

RIP

description 1-11

RMON

default configuration 51-3

displaying status 51-7

enabling alarms and events 51-4

groups supported 51-2

overview 51-1

ROM monitor

boot process and 3-26

CLI 2-7

commands54-2to 54-3

debug commands 54-5

entering 54-2

exiting 54-6

overview 54-1

root bridge

configuring 17-9

selecting in MST 17-22

root guard

and MST 17-23

enabling 20-2

overview 20-2

routed packets

ACLs 43-31

route-map (IP) command 33-3

route maps

defining 33-3

PBR 33-2

router ACLs

description 43-3

using with VLAN maps 43-30

router ACLs, using PACL with VLAN maps 43-36

route targets

VPN 34-4

Routing Information Protocol

See RIP

routing table requirements, and RPF 31-7

RSPAN

configuration guidelines 46-16

destination ports 46-5

IDS 46-2

monitored ports 46-4

monitoring ports 46-5

received traffic 46-3

sessions

creating 46-17

defined 46-3

limiting source traffic to specific VLANs 46-23

monitoring VLANs 46-22

removing source (monitored) ports 46-21

specifying monitored ports 46-17

source ports 46-4

transmitted traffic 46-4

VLAN-based 46-5

RSTP

compatibility 17-23

description 17-22

port roles 17-24

port states 17-24

S

SAID

See 802.10 SAID

scheduling 35-14

defined 35-5

overview 35-6

scheduling, IP SLAs operations 50-5

secondary edge port, REP 19-4

secondary root switch 17-12

secondary VLANs 37-3

associating with primary 37-14

permitting routing 37-21

security

configuring 40-1

Security Association Identifier

See 802.10 SAID

security policy and Unicast RPF 31-5

selecting a power management mode 10-8

selecting X2/TwinGig Convertor Mode 6-12

sequence numbers in log messages 47-8

servers, VTP

See VTP servers

service policy, configure class-level queue-limit 35-87

service-policy command 35-34

service-policy input command 28-2, 35-41

service-provider networks

and customer VLANs 24-3

set default interface command 33-4

set interface command 33-4

set ip default next-hop command 33-4

set ip next-hop command 33-3

set-request operation 48-4

severity levels, defining in system messages 47-9

shaping, QoS on Sup 6-E 35-81

sharing(bandwidth), QoS on Sup 6-E 35-83

show adjacency command 30-9

show boot command 3-31

show catalyst4000 chassis-mac-address command 17-3

show cdp command 25-2, 25-3

show cdp entry command 25-4

show cdp interface command 25-3

show cdp neighbors command 25-4

show cdp traffic command 25-4

show ciscoview package command 4-33

show ciscoview version command 4-33

show cluster members command 12-12

show configuration command 6-18

show debugging command 25-4

show environment command 10-2

show history command 2-4

show interfaces command 6-23, 6-24, 6-28, 6-30, 6-31

show interfaces status command 8-3

show ip cache flow aggregation destination-prefix command 49-12

show ip cache flow aggregation prefix command 49-12

show ip cache flow aggregation source-prefix command 49-12

show ip cache flow command 49-9

show ip cef command 30-8

show ip eigrp interfaces command 29-18

show ip eigrp neighbors command 29-18

show ip eigrp topology command 29-18

show ip eigrp traffic command 29-18

show ip interface command 32-22

show ip local policy command 33-5

show ip mroute command 32-22

show ip pim interface command 32-22

show l2protocol command 24-12

show lldp traffic command 26-8

show mac-address-table address command 8-4

show mac-address-table interface command 8-4

show mls entry command 30-8

show module command 8-2, 17-5

show PoE consumed 11-8

show power inline command 11-7

show power inline consumption command 11-5

show power supplies command 10-11

show protocols command 6-28

show running-config command

adding description for an interface 6-18

checking your settings 3-9

displaying ACLs 43-24, 43-26, 43-33, 43-34

show startup-config command 3-10

show users command 8-7

show version command 3-29

shutdown, command 6-29

shutdown threshold for Layer 2 protocol packets 24-9

shutting down

interfaces 6-29

Simple Network Management Protocol

See SNMP

single spanning tree

See SST

single static RP, configuring 32-19

slot numbers, description 6-2

Smartports macros

applying global parameter values 16-8

applying macros 16-8

applying parameter values 16-8

configuration guidelines 16-6

configuring 16-2

creating 16-7

default configuration 16-3

defined 16-1

displaying 16-13

tracing 16-6

SMNP traps, and CFM 56-6

SNMP

accessing MIB variables with 48-4

agent

described 48-4

disabling 48-7

and IP SLAs 50-2

authentication level 48-10

community strings

configuring 48-7

overview 48-4

configuration examples 48-16

configuration guidelines 48-6

default configuration 48-6

enabling 55-10

engine ID 48-6

groups 48-6, 48-9

host 48-6

informs

and trap keyword 48-11

described 48-5

differences from traps 48-5

enabling 48-14

limiting access by TFTP servers 48-15

limiting system log messages to NMS 47-10

manager functions 48-3

notifications 48-5

overview 48-1, 48-4

status, displaying 48-17

system contact and location 48-15

trap manager, configuring 48-13

traps

described 48-3, 48-5

differences from informs 48-5

enabling 48-11

enabling MAC address notification 4-22

enabling MAC move notification 4-24

enabling MAC threshold notification 4-26

overview 48-1, 48-4

types of 48-11

users 48-6, 48-9

versions supported 48-2

SNMP commands 55-10

SNMP traps

REP 19-12

SNMPv1 48-2

SNMPv2C 48-2

SNMPv3 48-2

software

upgrading 7-13

software configuration register 3-26

software QoS, on Sup 6-E 35-93

software switching

description 30-5

interfaces 30-6

key data structures used 32-7

SPAN

and ACLs 46-5

configuration guidelines 46-7

configuring46-7to 46-10

destination ports 46-5

IDS 46-2

monitored port, defined 46-4

monitoring port, defined 46-5

received traffic 46-3

sessions

defined 46-3

source ports 46-4

transmitted traffic 46-4

VLAN-based 46-5

SPAN and RSPAN

concepts and terminology 46-3

default configuration 46-6

displaying status 46-25

overview 46-1

session limits 46-6

SPAN enhancements

access list filtering 46-13

configuration example 46-16

CPU port sniffing 46-10

encapsulation configuration 46-12

ingress packets 46-12

packet type filtering 46-15

spanning-tree backbonefast command 20-16

spanning-tree cost command 17-15

spanning-tree guard root command 20-2

spanning-tree portfast bpdu-guard command 20-8

spanning-tree portfast command 20-7

spanning-tree port-priority command 17-13

spanning-tree uplinkfast command 20-12

spanning-tree vlan

command 17-9

command example 17-9

spanning-tree vlan command 17-8

spanning-tree vlan cost command 17-15

spanning-tree vlan forward-time command 17-19

spanning-tree vlan hello-time command 17-17

spanning-tree vlan max-age command 17-18

spanning-tree vlan port-priority command 17-13

spanning-tree vlan priority command 17-17

spanning-tree vlan root primary command 17-10

spanning-tree vlan root secondary command 17-12

speed

configuring interface 6-15

speed command 6-16

SSO

configuring 9-10

SSO operation 9-4

SST

description 17-22

interoperability 17-24

static addresses

See addresses

static routes

configuring 3-11

verifying 3-12

statistics

displaying 802.1X 38-47

displaying PIM 32-26

LLDP 26-7

LLDP-MED 26-7

NetFlow accounting 49-9

SNMP input and output 48-17

sticky learning

configuration file 39-5

defined 39-5

disabling 39-5

enabling 39-5

saving addresses 39-5

sticky MAC addresses

configuring 39-7

defined 39-4

Storm Control

displaying 45-7

enabling Broadcast 45-3

enabling Multicast 45-4

hardware-based, implementing 45-2

overview 45-1

software-based, implementing 45-3

STP

and REP 19-5

bridge ID 17-2

configuring17-7to 17-20

creating topology 17-4

defaults 17-6

disabling 17-19

enabling 17-8

enabling extended system ID 17-9

enabling Per-VLAN Rapid Spanning Tree 17-20

EtherChannel guard

disabling 20-6

forward-delay time 17-18

hello time 17-17

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 24-7

maximum aging time 17-18

overview 17-2, 17-3

per-VLAN rapid spanning tree 17-6

port cost 17-15

port priority 17-13

root bridge 17-9

stratum, NTP 4-2

stub routing (EIGRP)

benefits 29-17

configuration tasks 29-17

configuring 29-13

overview 29-12, 29-13

restrictions 29-17

verifying 29-18

subdomains, private VLAN 37-3

summer time 4-13

supervisor engine

accessing the redundant 7-15

configuring3-8to 3-13

copying files to standby 7-15

default configuration 3-1

default gateways 3-11

environmental monitoring 10-1

redundancy 9-1

ROM monitor 3-26

startup configuration 3-25

static routes 3-11

synchronizing configurations 7-11

Supervisor Engine II-TS

insufficient inline power handling 10-18, 11-12

SVI Autostate Exclude

understanding 29-3

SVI Autostate exclude

configuring 29-7

switched packets

and ACLs 43-30

Switched Port Analyzer

See SPAN

switching, NetFlow

checking for required hardware 49-6

configuration (example) 49-13

configuring switched IP flows 49-8

enabling Collection 49-7

exporting cache entries 49-9

switchport

show interfaces 6-23, 6-24, 6-30, 6-31

switchport access vlan command 15-6, 15-8

switchport block multicast command 44-2

switchport block unicast command 44-2

switchport mode access command 15-8

switchport mode dot1q-tunnel command 24-6

switchport mode dynamic command 15-6

switchport mode trunk command 15-6

switch ports

See access ports

switchport trunk allowed vlan command 15-6

switchport trunk encapsulation command 15-6

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q command 15-3

switchport trunk encapsulation isl command 15-3

switchport trunk encapsulation negotiate command 15-3

switchport trunk native vlan command 15-6

switchport trunk pruning vlan command 15-7

switch-to-RADIUS server communication

configuring 38-26

sysret command 54-5

system

reviewing configuration 3-10

settings at startup 3-27

system alarms

on Sup 2+ to V-10GE 10-5

on Sup 6-E 10-5

overview 10-4

system and network statistics, displaying 32-22

system capabilities TLV 26-2

system clock

configuring

daylight saving time 4-13

manually 4-11

summer time 4-13

time zones 4-12

displaying the time and date 4-12

overview 4-2

See also NTP

system description TLV 26-2

system images

loading from Flash memory 3-30

modifying boot field 3-27

specifying 3-30

system message logging

default configuration 47-3

defining error message severity levels 47-9

disabling 47-5

displaying the configuration 47-13

enabling 47-5

facility keywords, described 47-13

level keywords, described 47-9

limiting messages 47-10

message format 47-2

overview 47-1

sequence numbers, enabling and disabling 47-8

setting the display destination device 47-5

synchronizing log messages 47-6

timestamps, enabling and disabling 47-8

UNIX syslog servers

configuring the daemon 47-11

configuring the logging facility 47-12

facilities supported 47-13

system MTU

802.1Q tunneling 24-5

maximums 24-5

system name

default configuration 4-15

default setting 4-15

manual configuration 4-15

See also DNS

system name TLV 26-2

system prompt, default setting 4-14, 4-15

T

TACACS+ 40-1

accounting, defined 3-16

authentication, defined 3-16

authorization, defined 3-16

configuring

accounting 3-21

authentication key 3-18

authorization 3-21

login authentication 3-19

default configuration 3-18

displaying the configuration 3-22

identifying the server 3-18

limiting the services to the user 3-21

operation of 3-17

overview 3-15

tracking services accessed by user 3-21

tagged packets

802.1Q 24-3

Layer 2 protocol 24-7

TCAM programming algorithm

changing 43-9

TCAM programming algorithm, overview 43-7

TCAM programming and ACLs 43-10, 43-12

for Sup II-Plust thru V-10GE 43-6

TCAM programming and ACLs for Sup 6-E 43-15

TCAM region, changing the algorithm 43-9

TCAM region, resizing 43-10

TDR

checking cable connectivity 8-4

enabling and disabling test 8-4

guidelines 8-4

Telnet

accessing CLI 2-2

disconnecting user sessions 8-7

executing 8-6

monitoring user sessions 8-7

telnet command 8-6

templates, Ethernet OAM 56-28

Terminal Access Controller Access Control System Plus

See TACACS+

TFTP

configuration files in base directory 3-5

configuring for autoconfiguration 3-4

limiting access by servers 48-15

TFTP download

See also console download

threshold monitoring, IP SLAs 50-6

time

See NTP and system clock

Time Domain Reflectometer

See TDR

time exceeded messages 8-9

timer

See login timer

timestamps in log messages 47-8

time zones 4-12

TLVs

defined 1-4, 26-2

LLDP-MED 26-2

Token Ring

media not supported (note) 13-5, 13-10

Topology change notification processing

MLD Snooping

Topology change notification processing 23-5

TOS

description 35-4

trace command 8-10

traceroute

See IP traceroute

See Layer 2 Traceroute

traceroute mac command 8-11

traceroute mac ip command 8-11

traffic

blocking flooded 44-2

traffic control

using ACLs (figure) 43-4

using VLAN maps (figure) 43-5

traffic marking procedure flowchart 35-77

traffic shaping 35-16

translational bridge numbers (defaults) 13-4

transmit queues

See QoS transmit queues

transmit rate 35-57

traps

configuring MAC address notification 4-22

configuring MAC move notification 4-24

configuring MAC threshold notification 4-26

configuring managers 48-11

defined 48-3

enabling 4-22, 4-24, 4-26, 48-11

notification types 48-11

overview 48-1, 48-4

troubleshooting

with CiscoWorks 48-4

with system message logging 47-1

with traceroute 8-9

troubleshooting high CPU due to ACLs 43-12

trunk ports

configure port security 39-16

configuring PVLAN37-17to 37-19

trunks

802.1Q restrictions 15-5

configuring 15-6

configuring access VLANs 15-6

configuring allowed VLANs 15-6

default interface configuration 15-6

different VTP domains 15-3

enabling to non-DTP device 15-4

encapsulation 15-3

specifying native VLAN 15-6

understanding 15-3

trusted boundary for QoS 35-26

Trust State of interfaces, configuring

trust states

configuring 35-53

tunneling

defined 24-1

tunnel ports

802.1Q, configuring 24-6

described 24-2

incompatibilities with other features 24-5

TwinGig Convertors

limitations on using 6-12

port numbering 6-11

selecting X2/TwinGig Convertor mode 6-12

type of service

See TOS

U

UDLD

default configuration 27-2

disabling 27-4, 27-5

enabling 27-3

overview 27-1

UDP jitter, configuring 50-9

UDP jitter operation, IP SLAs 50-8

unauthorized ports with 802.1X 38-4

unicast

See IP unicast

unicast flood blocking

configuring 44-1

unicast MAC address filtering

and adding static addresses 4-29

and broadcast MAC addresses 4-28

and CPU packets 4-29

and multicast addresses 4-28

and router MAC addresses 4-28

configuration guidelines 4-28

described 4-28

unicast MAC address filtering, configuring

ACLs

configuring unicast MAC address filtering 43-19

Unicast Reverse Path Forwarding

about 31-2

and security policy 31-5

blockng traffic, asymmetrical routing environment 31-7

configuration example, inbound and outbound filters 31-11

configuration task list 31-9

configured with ACLs 31-2

droppiung packets that fail verification, illustration 31-4

Enterprise Network for ingress filtering 31-6

how it works 31-2

implementing 31-4

IP source addresses, illustration 31-3

monitoring and maintaining 31-10

routing table requirements 31-7

where not to use 31-7

where to use 31-5

with BOOTP and DHCP 31-8

unicast traffic

blocking 44-2

unidirectional ethernet

enabling 28-2

example of setting 28-2

overview 28-1

UniDirectional Link Detection Protocol

See UDLD

UNIX syslog servers

daemon configuration 47-11

facilities supported 47-13

message logging configuration 47-12

UplinkFast

and MST 17-23

enabling 20-16

MST and 17-23

overview 20-11

User Based Rate Limiting

configuring 35-43

overview 35-43

user EXEC mode 2-5

user sessions

disconnecting 8-7

monitoring 8-7

using PACL with access-group mode 43-34

V

VACLs

Layer 4 port operations 43-15

virtual configuration register 54-3

virtual LANs

See VLANs

Virtual Private Network

See VPN

Virtual Switch System(VSS), displaying EtherChannel to 21-15

VLAN ACLs

See VLAN maps

VLAN-based QoS on Layer 2 interfaces, configuring 35-52

VLAN blocking, REP 19-11

vlan command 13-7

vlan dot1q tag native command 24-4

VLAN ID, discovering 4-30

VLAN load balancing

REP 19-4

VLAN load balancing, triggering 19-5

VLAN load balancing on flex links 18-2

configuration guidelines 18-6

VLAN Management Policy Server

See VMPS

VLAN maps

applying to a VLAN 43-26

configuration example 43-27

configuration guidelines 43-23

configuring 43-22

creating and deleting entries 43-23

defined 43-3

denying access example 43-28

denying packets 43-24

displaying 43-29

order of entries 43-23

permitting packets 43-24

router ACLs and 43-30

using (figure) 43-5

using in your network 43-26

VLAN maps, PACL and Router ACLs 43-36

VLANs

allowed on trunk 15-6

configuration guidelines 13-3

configuring 13-5

customer numbering in service-provider networks 24-3

default configuration 13-4

description 1-7

extended range 13-3

IDs (default) 13-4

interface assignment 13-8

limiting source traffic with RSPAN 46-23

monitoring with RSPAN 46-22

name (default) 13-4

normal range 13-3

overview 13-1

reserved range 13-3

See also PVLANs

VLAN Trunking Protocol

See VTP

VLAN trunks

overview 15-3

VMPS

configuration file example 13-28

configuring dynamic access ports on client 13-22

configuring retry interval 13-23

database configuration file 13-28

dynamic port membership

example 13-25

reconfirming 13-23

reconfirming assignments 13-23

reconfirming membership interval 13-23

server overview 13-17

VMPS client

administering and monitoring 13-24

configure switch

configure reconfirmation interval 13-23

dynamic ports 13-22

entering IP VMPS address 13-21

reconfirmation interval 13-23

reconfirm VLAM membership 13-23

default configuration 13-20

dynamic VLAN membership overview 13-20

troubleshooting dynamic port VLAN membership 13-25

VMPS server

fall-back VLAN 13-19

illegal VMPS client requests 13-19

overview 13-17

security modes

multiple 13-19

open 13-18

secure 13-18

voice interfaces

configuring 36-1

Voice over IP

configuring 36-1

voice ports

configuring VVID 36-3

voice traffic 11-2, 36-5

voice VLAN

IP phone data traffic, described 36-2

IP phone voice traffic, described 36-2

voice VLAN ports

using 802.1X 38-18

VPN

configuring routing in 34-6

forwarding 34-4

in service provider networks 34-1

routes 34-2

routing and forwarding table

See VRF

VRF

defining 34-4

tables 34-1

VTP

configuration guidelines 13-12

configuring13-12to 13-17

configuring transparent mode 13-16

default configuration 13-12

disabling 13-16

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 24-7

monitoring 13-16

overview 13-8

See also VTP version 2

VTP advertisements

description 13-9

VTP clients

configuring 13-15

VTP domains

description 13-9

VTP modes 13-9

VTP pruning

enabling 13-13

overview 13-10

VTP servers

configuring 13-14

VTP statistics

displaying 13-16

VTP version 2

enabling 13-14

overview 13-10

See also VTP

VTY and Network Assistant 12-11

VVID (voice VLAN ID)

and 802.1X authentication 38-18

configuring 36-3

W

Wake-on-LAN

configure with 802.1X 38-38

WCCP

configuration examples 53-9

configuring on a router 53-2, 53-10

features 53-4

restrictions 53-5

service groups 53-6

Web Cache Communication Protocol

See WCCP 53-1

web caches

See cache engines

web cache services

description 53-4

web caching

See web cache services

See also WCCP

web scaling 53-1