Catalyst 4500 Series Switch Cisco IOS Software Configuration Guide, 12.2(20)EWA
Configuring STP Features
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Configuring STP Features

Table Of Contents

Configuring STP Features

Overview of Root Guard

Overview of Loop Guard

Overview of PortFast

Overview of BPDU Guard

Overview of PortFast BPDU Filtering

Overview of UplinkFast

Overview of BackboneFast

Enabling Root Guard

Enabling Loop Guard

Enabling PortFast

Enabling BPDU Guard

Enabling PortFast BPDU Filtering

Enabling UplinkFast

Enabling BackboneFast


Configuring STP Features


This chapter describes the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) features supported on the Catalyst 4500 series switches. It also provides guidelines, procedures, and configuration examples.

This chapter includes the following major sections:

Overview of Root Guard

Overview of Loop Guard

Overview of PortFast

Overview of BPDU Guard

Overview of PortFast BPDU Filtering

Overview of UplinkFast

Overview of BackboneFast

Enabling Root Guard

Enabling Loop Guard

Enabling PortFast

Enabling BPDU Guard

Enabling PortFast BPDU Filtering

Enabling UplinkFast

Enabling BackboneFast


Note For information on configuring STP, see Chapter 12, "Understanding and Configuring STP."



Note For complete syntax and usage information for the switch commands used in this chapter, first look at the Cisco Catalyst 4500 Series Switch Command Reference and related publications at this location:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products//hw/switches/ps4324/index.html

If the command is not found inthe Catalyst 4500 Command Reference, it will be found in the larger Cisco IOS library. Refer to the Catalyst 4500 Series Switch Cisco IOS Command Reference and related publications at this location:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/ps6350/index.html


Overview of Root Guard

Spanning Tree root guard forces an interface to become a designated port, to protect the current root status and prevent surrounding switches from becoming the root switch.

When you enable root guard on a per-port basis, it is automatically applied to all of the active VLANs to which that port belongs. When you disable root guard, it is disabled for the specified port and the port automatically goes into the listening state.

When a switch that has ports with root guard enabled detects a new root, the ports will go into root-inconsistent state. Then, when the switch no longer detects a new root, its ports will automatically go into the listening state.

Overview of Loop Guard

Loop guard helps prevent bridging loops that could occur because of a unidirectional link failure on a point-to-point link. When enabled globally, loop guard applies to all point-to-point ports on the system. Loop guard detects root ports and blocked ports and ensures that they keep receiving BPDUs from their designated port on the segment. If a loop-guard-enabled root or blocked port stop receiving BPDUs from its designated port, it transitions to the blocking state, assuming there is a physical link error on this port. The port recovers from this state as soon as it receives a BPDU.

You can enable loop guard on a per-port basis. When you enable loop guard, it is automatically applied to all of the active instances or VLANs to which that port belongs. When you disable loop guard, it is disabled for the specified ports. Disabling loop guard moves all loop-inconsistent ports to the listening state.

If you enable loop guard on a channel and the first link becomes unidirectional, loop guard blocks the entire channel until the affected port is removed from the channel. Figure 13-1 shows loop guard in a triangular switch configuration.

Figure 13-1 Triangular Switch Configuration with Loop Guard

Figure 13-1 illustrates the following configuration:

Switches A and B are distribution switches.

Switch C is an access switch.

Loop guard is enabled on ports 3/1 and 3/2 on Switches A, B, and C.

Enabling loop guard on a root switch has no effect but provides protection when a root switch becomes a nonroot switch.

Follow these guidelines when using loop guard:

Do not enable loop guard on PortFast-enabled or dynamic VLAN ports.

Do not enable loop guard if root guard is enabled.

Loop guard interacts with other features as follows:

Loop guard does not affect the functionality of UplinkFast or BackboneFast.

Enabling loop guard on ports that are not connected to a point-to-point link will not work.

Root guard forces a port to always be the root port. Loop guard is effective only if the port is a root port or an alternate port. You cannot enable loop guard and root guard on a port at the same time.

Loop guard uses the ports known to spanning tree. Loop guard can take advantage of logical ports provided by the Port Aggregation Protocol (PAgP). However, to form a channel, all the physical ports grouped in the channel must have compatible configurations. PAgP enforces uniform configurations of root guard or loop guard on all the physical ports to form a channel.

These caveats apply to loop guard:

Spanning tree always chooses the first operational port in the channel to send the BPDUs. If that link becomes unidirectional, loop guard blocks the channel, even if other links in the channel are functioning properly.

If a set of ports that are already blocked by loop guard are grouped together to form a channel, spanning tree loses all the state information for those ports and the new channel port may obtain the forwarding state with a designated role.

If a channel is blocked by loop guard and the channel breaks, spanning tree loses all the state information. The individual physical ports may obtain the forwarding state with the designated role, even if one or more of the links that formed the channel are unidirectional.


Note You can enable UniDirectional Link Detection (UDLD) to help isolate the link failure. A loop may occur until UDLD detects the failure, but loop guard will not be able to detect it.


Loop guard has no effect on a disabled spanning tree instance or a VLAN.

Overview of PortFast

Spanning Tree PortFast causes an interface configured as a Layer 2 access port to enter the forwarding state immediately, bypassing the listening and learning states. You can use PortFast on Layer 2 access ports connected to a single workstation or server to allow those devices to connect to the network immediately, rather than waiting for spanning tree to converge. If the interface receives a bridge protocol data unit (BPDU), which should not happen if the interface is connected to a single workstation or server, spanning tree puts the port into the blocking state.


Note Because the purpose of PortFast is to minimize the time that access ports must wait for spanning tree to converge, it is most effective when used on access ports. If you enable PortFast on a port connecting to another switch, you risk creating a spanning tree loop.


Overview of BPDU Guard

Spanning Tree BPDU guard shuts down PortFast-configured interfaces that receive BPDUs, rather than putting them into the spanning tree blocking state. In a valid configuration, PortFast-configured interfaces do not receive BPDUs. Reception of a BPDU by a PortFast-configured interface signals an invalid configuration, such as connection of an unauthorized device. BPDU guard provides a secure response to invalid configurations, because the administrator must manually put the interface back in service.


Note When the BPDU guard feature is enabled, spanning tree applies the BPDU guard feature to all PortFast-configured interfaces.


Overview of PortFast BPDU Filtering

Cisco IOS Release 12.2(20)EWA and later support PortFast BPDU filtering, which allows the administrator to prevent the system from sending or even receiving BPDUs on specified ports.

When configured globally, PortFast BPDU filtering applies to all operational PortFast ports. Ports in an operational PortFast state are supposed to be connected to hosts that typically drop BPDUs. If an operational PortFast port receives a BPDU, it immediately loses its operational PortFast status. In that case, PortFast BPDU filtering is disabled on this port and STP resumes sending BPDUs on this port.

PortFast BPDU filtering can also be configured on a per-port basis. When PortFast BPDU filtering is explicitly configured on a port, it does not send any BPDUs and drops all BPDUs it receives.


Caution Explicitly configuring PortFast BPDU filtering on a port that is not connected to a host can result in bridging loops, because the port will ignore any BPDU it receives and go to the forwarding state.

When you enable PortFast BPDU filtering globally and set the port configuration as the default for PortFast BPDU filtering (see the "Enabling PortFast BPDU Filtering" section), PortFast enables or disables PortFast BPDU filtering.

If the port configuration is not set to default, then the PortFast configuration will not affect PortFast BPDU filtering. Table 13-1 lists all the possible PortFast BPDU filtering combinations. PortFast BPDU filtering allows access ports to move directly to the forwarding state as soon as the end hosts are connected.

Table 13-1 PortFast BPDU Filtering Port Configurations 

Per-Port Configuration
Global Configuration
PortFast State
PortFast BPDU Filtering State

Default

Enable

Enable

Enable1

Default

Enable

Disable

Disable

Default

Disable

Not applicable

Disable

Disable

Not applicable

Not applicable

Disable

Enable

Not applicable

Not applicable

Enable

1 The port transmits at least 10 BPDUs. If this port receives any BPDUs, then PortFast and PortFast BPDU filtering are disabled.


Overview of UplinkFast


Note UplinkFast is most useful in wiring-closet switches. This feature might not be useful for other types of applications.


Spanning Tree UplinkFast provides fast convergence after a direct link failure and uses uplink groups to achieve load balancing between redundant Layer 2 links. Convergence is the speed and ability of a group of internetworking devices running a specific routing protocol to agree on the topology of an internetwork after a change in that topology. An uplink group is a set of Layer 2 interfaces (per VLAN), only one of which is forwarding at any given time. Specifically, an uplink group consists of the root port (which is forwarding) and a set of blocked ports, except for self-looping ports. The uplink group provides an alternate path in case the currently forwarding link fails.

Figure 13-2 shows an example of a topology with no link failures. Switch A, the root switch, is connected directly to Switch B over link L1 and to Switch C over link L2. The Layer 2 interface on Switch C that is connected directly to Switch B is in the blocking state.

Figure 13-2 UplinkFast Before Direct Link Failure

If Switch C detects a link failure on the currently active link L2 on the root port (a direct link failure), UplinkFast unblocks the blocked port on Switch C and transitions it to the forwarding state without going through the listening and learning states, as shown in Figure 13-3. This switchover takes approximately one to five seconds.

Figure 13-3 UplinkFast After Direct Link Failure

Overview of BackboneFast

BackboneFast is a complementary technology to UplinkFast. Whereas UplinkFast is designed to quickly respond to failures on links directly connected to leaf-node switches, it does not help with indirect failures in the backbone core. BackboneFast optimizes based on the Max Age setting. It allows the default convergence time for indirect failures to be reduced from 50 seconds to 30 seconds. However, it never eliminates forward delays and offers no assistance for direct failures.


Note BackboneFast should be enabled on every switch in your network.


Sometimes a switch receives a BPDU from a designated switch that identifies the root bridge and the designated bridge as the same switch. Because this shouldn't happen, the BPDU is considered inferior.

BPDUs are considered inferior when a link from the designated switch has lost its link to the root bridge. The designated switch transmits the BPDUs with the information that it is now the root bridge as well as the designated bridge. The receiving switch will ignore the inferior BPDU for the time defined by the Max Age setting.

After receiving inferior BPDUs, the receiving switch will try to determine if there is an alternate path to the root bridge.

If the port that the inferior BPDUs are received on is already in blocking mode, then the root port and other blocked ports on the switch become alternate paths to the root bridge.

If the inferior BPDUs are received on a root port, then all presently blocking ports become the alternate paths to the root bridge. Also, if the inferior BPDUs are received on a root port and there are no other blocking ports on the switch, the receiving switch assumes that the link to the root bridge is down and the time defined by the Max Age setting expires, which turns the switch into the root switch.

If the switch finds an alternate path to the root bridge, it will use this new alternate path. This new path, and any other alternate paths, will be used to send a Root Link Query (RLQ) BPDU. When BackboneFast is enabled, the RLQ BPDUs are sent out as soon as an inferior BPDU is received. This process can enable faster convergence in the event of a backbone link failure.

Figure 13-4 shows an example of a topology with no link failures. Switch A, the root switch, connects directly to Switch B over link L1 and to Switch C over link L2. In this example, because switch B has a lower priority than A but higher than C, switch B becomes the designated bridge for L3. Consequently, the Layer 2 interface on Switch C that connects directly to Switch B must be in the blocking state.

Figure 13-4 BackboneFast Before Indirect Link Failure

Next, assume that L1 fails. Switch A and Switch B, the switches directly connected to this segment, instantly know that the link is down. The blocking interface on Switch C must enter the forwarding state for the network to recover by itself. However, because L1 is not directly connected to Switch C, Switch C does not start sending any BPDUs on L3 under the normal rules of STP until the time defined by the Max Age setting has expired.

In an STP environment without BackboneFast, if L1 should fail, Switch C cannot detect this failure because it is not connected directly to link L1. However, because Switch B is directly connected to the root switch over L1, Switch B detects the failure and elects itself the root. Then Switch B begins sending configuration BDPUs to Switch C, listing itself as the root.

Here is what happens additionally when you use BackboneFast to eliminate the time defined by the Max Age setting (20-second) delay:

1. When Switch C receives the inferior configuration BPDUs from Switch B, Switch C infers that an indirect failure has occurred.

2. Switch C then sends out an RLQ.

3. Switch A receives the RLQ. Because Switch A is the root bridge, it replies with an RLQ response, listing itself as the root bridge.

4. When Switch C receives the RLQ response on its existing root port, it knows that it still has a stable connection to the root bridge. Because Switch C originated the RLQ request, it does not need to forward the RLQ response on to other switches.

5. BackboneFast allows the blocked port on Switch C to move immediately to the listening state without waiting for the time defined by the Max Age setting for the port to expire.

6. BackboneFast transitions the Layer 2 interface on Switch C to the forwarding state, providing a path from Switch B to Switch A.

This switchover takes approximately 30 seconds, twice the Forward Delay time if the default forward delay time of 15 seconds is set.

Figure 13-5 shows how BackboneFast reconfigures the topology to account for the failure of link L1.

Figure 13-5 BackboneFast after Indirect Link Failure

If a new switch is introduced into a shared-medium topology as shown in Figure 13-6, BackboneFast is not activated, because the inferior BPDUs did not come from the recognized designated bridge (Switch B). The new switch begins sending inferior BPDUs that say it is the root switch. However, the other switches ignore these inferior BPDUs, and the new switch learns that Switch B is the designated bridge to Switch A, the root switch.

Figure 13-6 Adding a Switch in a Shared-Medium Topology

Enabling Root Guard

To enable root guard on a Layer 2 access port (to force it to become a designated port), perform this task:

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

Switch(config)# interface {{fastethernet | 
gigabitethernet} slot/port}

Specifies an interface to configure.

Step 2 

Switch(config-if)# [no] spanning-tree guard root 

Enables root guard.

You can use the no keyword to disable Root Guard.

Step 3 

Switch(config-if)# end 

Exits configuration mode.

Step 4 

Switch# show spanning-tree 

Verifies the configuration.

This example shows how to enable root guard on Fast Ethernet interface 5/8:

Switch(config)# interface fastethernet 5/8 
Switch(config-if)# spanning-tree guard root 
Switch(config-if)# end 
Switch#

This example shows how to verify the configuration:

Switch# show running-config interface fastethernet 5/8 
Building configuration...

Current configuration: 67 bytes
!
interface FastEthernet5/8
 switchport mode access
 spanning-tree guard root
end

Switch#

This example shows how to determine whether any ports are in root inconsistent state:

Switch# show spanning-tree inconsistentports 

Name                 Interface              Inconsistency
-------------------- ---------------------- ------------------
VLAN0001             FastEthernet3/1        Port Type Inconsistent
VLAN0001             FastEthernet3/2        Port Type Inconsistent
VLAN1002             FastEthernet3/1        Port Type Inconsistent
VLAN1002             FastEthernet3/2        Port Type Inconsistent
VLAN1003             FastEthernet3/1        Port Type Inconsistent
VLAN1003             FastEthernet3/2        Port Type Inconsistent
VLAN1004             FastEthernet3/1        Port Type Inconsistent
VLAN1004             FastEthernet3/2        Port Type Inconsistent
VLAN1005             FastEthernet3/1        Port Type Inconsistent
VLAN1005             FastEthernet3/2        Port Type Inconsistent

Number of inconsistent ports (segments) in the system :10

Enabling Loop Guard

You can enable loop guard globally or per port.

To enable loop guard globally on the switch, perform this task:

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

Switch(config)# spanning-tree loopguard default

Enables loop guard globally on the switch.

Step 2 

Switch(config)# end 

Exits configuration mode.

Step 3 

Switch# show spanning tree interface 4/4 detail

Verifies the configuration impact on a port.

This example shows how to enable loop guard globally:

Switch(config)# spanning-tree loopguard default 
Switch(config)# Ctrl-Z

This example shows how to verify the previous configuration of port 4/4:

Switch# show spanning-tree interface fastethernet 4/4 detail 
 Port 196 (FastEthernet4/4) of VLAN0010 is forwarding 
   Port path cost 1000, Port priority 160, Port Identifier 160.196.
   Designated root has priority 32768, address 00d0.00b8.140a
   Designated bridge has priority 32768, address 00d0.00b8.140a
   Designated port id is 160.196, designated path cost 0
   Timers:message age 0, forward delay 0, hold 0
   Number of transitions to forwarding state:1
   The port is in the portfast mode by portfast trunk configuration
   Link type is point-to-point by default
   Bpdu filter is enabled
   Loop guard is enabled by default on the port
   BPDU:sent 0, received 0

To enable loop guard on an interface, perform this task:

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

Switch(config)# interface {type slot/port} | 
{port-channel port_channel_number}

Selects an interface to configure.

Step 2 

Switch(config-if)# spanning-tree guard loop 

Configures loop guard.

Step 3 

Switch(config)# end 

Exits configuration mode.

Step 4 

Switch# show spanning tree interface 4/4 detail 

Verifies the configuration impact on that port.

This example shows how to enable loop guard on port 4/4:

Switch(config)# interface fastEthernet 4/4
Switch(config-if)# spanning-tree guard loop
Switch(config-if)# ^Z

This example shows how to verify the configuration impact on port 4/4:

Switch# show spanning-tree interface fastEthernet 4/4 detail 
 Port 196 (FastEthernet4/4) of VLAN0010 is forwarding 
   Port path cost 1000, Port priority 160, Port Identifier 160.196.
   Designated root has priority 32768, address 00d0.00b8.140a
   Designated bridge has priority 32768, address 00d0.00b8.140a
   Designated port id is 160.196, designated path cost 0
   Timers:message age 0, forward delay 0, hold 0
   Number of transitions to forwarding state:1
   The port is in the portfast mode by portfast trunk configuration
   Link type is point-to-point by default
   Bpdu filter is enabled
   Loop guard is enabled on the port
   BPDU:sent 0, received 0
Switch#

Enabling PortFast


Caution Use PortFast only when connecting a single end station to a Layer 2 access port. Otherwise, you might create a network loop.

To enable PortFast on a Layer 2 access port to force it to enter the forwarding state immediately, perform this task:

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

Switch(config)# interface {{fastethernet | 
gigabitethernet} slot/port} | {port-channel 
port_channel_number}

Specifies an interface to configure.

Step 2 

Switch(config-if)# [no] spanning-tree portfast 

Enables PortFast on a Layer 2 access port connected to a single workstation or server.

You can use the no keyword to disable PortFast.

Step 3 

Switch(config-if)# end 

Exits configuration mode.

Step 4 

Switch# show running interface {{fastethernet | 
gigabitethernet} slot/port} | {port-channel 
port_channel_number}

Verifies the configuration.

This example shows how to enable PortFast on Fast Ethernet interface 5/8:

Switch(config)# interface fastethernet 5/8 
Switch(config-if)# spanning-tree portfast 
Switch(config-if)# end 
Switch#

This example shows how to verify the configuration:

Switch# show running-config interface fastethernet 5/8 
Building configuration...

Current configuration:
!
interface FastEthernet5/8
 no ip address
 switchport
 switchport access vlan 200
 switchport mode access
 spanning-tree portfast
end

Switch#

Enabling BPDU Guard

To enable BPDU guard to shut down PortFast-configured interfaces that receive BPDUs, perform this task:

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

Switch(config)# [no] spanning-tree portfast 
bpduguard 

Enables BPDU guard on all the switch's PortFast-configured interfaces.

You can use the no keyword to disable BPDU guard.

Step 2 

Switch(config)# end 

Exits configuration mode.

Step 3 

Switch# show spanning-tree summary totals

Verifies the BPDU configuration.

This example shows how to enable BPDU guard:

Switch(config)# spanning-tree portfast bpduguard 
Switch(config)# end 
Switch#

This example shows how to verify the BPDU configuration:

Switch# show spanning-tree summary totals

Root bridge for: none.
PortFast BPDU Guard is enabled
Etherchannel misconfiguration guard is enabled
UplinkFast is disabled
BackboneFast is disabled
Default pathcost method used is short

Name                 Blocking Listening Learning Forwarding STP Active
-------------------- -------- --------- -------- ---------- ----------
            34 VLANs 0        0         0        36         36
Switch#

Enabling PortFast BPDU Filtering

To enable PortFast BPDU filtering globally, perform this task:

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

Switch(config)# spanning-tree portfast bpdufilter default

Enables BPDU filtering globally on the switch.

Step 2 

Switch# show spanning-tree summary totals

Verifies the BPDU configuration.

This example shows how to enable PortFast BPDU filtering on a port:

Switch(config)# spanning-tree portfast bpdufilter default 
Switch(config)# Ctrl-Z

This example shows how to verify the BPDU configuration in PVST+ mode:

Switch# show spanning-tree summary totals 
Root bridge for:VLAN0010
EtherChannel misconfiguration guard is enabled
Extended system ID   is disabled
Portfast             is enabled by default
PortFast BPDU Guard  is disabled by default
Portfast BPDU Filter is enabled by default
Loopguard            is disabled by default
UplinkFast           is disabled
BackboneFast         is disabled
Pathcost method used is long

Name                   Blocking Listening Learning Forwarding STP Active
---------------------- -------- --------- -------- ---------- ----------
2 vlans                   0        0         0        3          3      

Switch#

Note For PVST+ information, see Chapter 14, "Understanding and Configuring Multiple Spanning Trees."


To enable PortFast BPDU filtering, perform this task:

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

Switch(config)# interface fastEthernet 4/4 

Selects the interface to configure.

Step 2 

Switch(config-if)# spanning-tree bpdufilter enable 

Enables BPDU filtering.

Step 3 

Switch# show spanning-tree interface fastethernet 4/4 

Verifies the configuration.

This example shows how to enable PortFast BPDU filtering on port 4/4:

Switch(config)# interface fastethernet 4/4
Switch(config-if)# spanning-tree bpdufilter enable 
Switch(config-if)# ^Z

This example shows how to verify that PortFast BPDU filtering is enabled:

Switch# show spanning-tree interface fastethernet 4/4

Vlan             Role Sts Cost      Prio.Nbr Status
---------------- ---- --- --------- -------- --------------------------------
VLAN0010         Desg FWD 1000      160.196  Edge P2p 

This example shows more detail on the port:

Switch# show spanning-tree interface fastEthernet 4/4 detail 
 Port 196 (FastEthernet4/4) of VLAN0010 is forwarding 
   Port path cost 1000, Port priority 160, Port Identifier 160.196.
   Designated root has priority 32768, address 00d0.00b8.140a
   Designated bridge has priority 32768, address 00d0.00b8.140a
   Designated port id is 160.196, designated path cost 0
   Timers:message age 0, forward delay 0, hold 0
   Number of transitions to forwarding state:1
   The port is in the portfast mode by portfast trunk configuration
   Link type is point-to-point by default
   Bpdu filter is enabled
   BPDU:sent 0, received 0
Switch#

Enabling UplinkFast

UplinkFast increases the bridge priority to 49,152 and adds 3000 to the spanning tree port cost of all interfaces on the switch, making it unlikely that the switch will become the root switch. The max_update_rate value represents the number of multicast packets transmitted per second (the default is 150 packets per second [pps]).

UplinkFast cannot be enabled on VLANs that have been configured for bridge priority. To enable UplinkFast on a VLAN with bridge priority configured, restore the bridge priority on the VLAN to the default value by entering a no spanning-tree vlan vlan_ID priority command in global configuration mode.


Note When you enable UplinkFast, it affects all VLANs on the switch. You cannot configure UplinkFast on an individual VLAN.


To enable UplinkFast, perform this task:

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

Switch(config)# [no] spanning-tree uplinkfast 
[max-update-rate max_update_rate] 

Enables UplinkFast.

You can use the no keyword to disable UplinkFast and restore the default rate, use the command

Step 2 

Switch(config)# end 

Exits configuration mode.

Step 3 

Switch# show spanning-tree vlan vlan_ID 

Verifies that UplinkFast is enabled on that VLAN.

This example shows how to enable UplinkFast with a maximum update rate of 400 pps:

Switch(config)# spanning-tree uplinkfast max-update-rate 400 
Switch(config)# exit 
Switch#

This example shows how to verify which VLANS have UplinkFast enabled:

Switch# show spanning-tree uplinkfast 
UplinkFast is enabled

Station update rate set to 150 packets/sec.

UplinkFast statistics
-----------------------
Number of transitions via uplinkFast (all VLANs)            :14
Number of proxy multicast addresses transmitted (all VLANs) :5308

Name                 Interface List
-------------------- ------------------------------------
VLAN1                Fa6/9(fwd), Gi5/7
VLAN2                Gi5/7(fwd)
VLAN3                Gi5/7(fwd)
VLAN4
VLAN5
VLAN6
VLAN7
VLAN8
VLAN10
VLAN15
VLAN1002             Gi5/7(fwd)
VLAN1003             Gi5/7(fwd)
VLAN1004             Gi5/7(fwd)
VLAN1005             Gi5/7(fwd)
Switch#

Enabling BackboneFast


Note For BackboneFast to work, you must enable it on all switches in the network. BackboneFast is supported for use with third-party switches but it is not supported on Token Ring VLANs.


To enable BackboneFast, perform this task:

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

Switch(config)# [no] spanning-tree backbonefast 

Enables BackboneFast.

You can use the no keyword to disable BackboneFast.

Step 2 

Switch(config)# end 

Exits configuration mode.

Step 3 

Switch# show spanning-tree backbonefast 

Verifies that BackboneFast is enabled.

This example shows how to enable BackboneFast:

Switch(config)# spanning-tree backbonefast 
Switch(config)# end 
Switch#

This example shows how to verify that BackboneFast is enabled:

Switch# show spanning-tree backbonefast 
BackboneFast is enabled

BackboneFast statistics
-----------------------
Number of transition via backboneFast (all VLANs) : 0
Number of inferior BPDUs received (all VLANs)     : 0
Number of RLQ request PDUs received (all VLANs)   : 0
Number of RLQ response PDUs received (all VLANs)  : 0
Number of RLQ request PDUs sent (all VLANs)       : 0
Number of RLQ response PDUs sent (all VLANs)      : 0
Switch# 

This example shows how to display a summary of port states:

Switch#show spanning-tree summary
Root bridge for:VLAN0001, VLAN1002-VLAN1005
Extended system ID   is disabled
Portfast             is enabled by default
PortFast BPDU Guard  is disabled by default
Portfast BPDU Filter is enabled by default
Loopguard            is disabled by default
EtherChannel misconfiguration guard is enabled
UplinkFast           is enabled
BackboneFast         is enabled
Pathcost method used is short

Name                   Blocking Listening Learning Forwarding STP Active
---------------------- -------- --------- -------- ---------- ----------
VLAN0001                  0        0         0        3          3      
VLAN1002                  0        0         0        2          2      
VLAN1003                  0        0         0        2          2      
VLAN1004                  0        0         0        2          2      
VLAN1005                  0        0         0        2          2      
---------------------- -------- --------- -------- ---------- ----------
5 vlans                   0        0         0        11         11     
          
BackboneFast statistics
-----------------------
Number of transition via backboneFast (all VLANs)           :0
Number of inferior BPDUs received (all VLANs)               :0
Number of RLQ request PDUs received (all VLANs)             :0
Number of RLQ response PDUs received (all VLANs)            :0
Number of RLQ request PDUs sent (all VLANs)                 :0
Number of RLQ response PDUs sent (all VLANs)                :0
Switch#

This example shows how to display the total lines of the spanning tree state section:

Switch#show spanning-tree summary totals
Root bridge for:VLAN0001, VLAN1002-VLAN1005
Extended system ID   is disabled
Portfast             is enabled by default
PortFast BPDU Guard  is disabled by default
Portfast BPDU Filter is enabled by default
Loopguard            is disabled by default
EtherChannel misconfiguration guard is enabled
UplinkFast           is enabled
BackboneFast         is enabled
Pathcost method used is short

Name                   Blocking Listening Learning Forwarding STP Active
---------------------- -------- --------- -------- ---------- ----------
5 vlans                   0        0         0        11         11     

BackboneFast statistics
-----------------------
Number of transition via backboneFast (all VLANs)           :0
Number of inferior BPDUs received (all VLANs)               :0
Number of RLQ request PDUs received (all VLANs)             :0
Number of RLQ response PDUs received (all VLANs)            :0
Number of RLQ request PDUs sent (all VLANs)                 :0
Number of RLQ response PDUs sent (all VLANs)                :0
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