Catalyst 4500 Series Switch SW Configuration Guide, Release IOS-XE 3.1.0SG
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Index

Table Of Contents

Numerics - A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W -

Index

ACLs

applying IPv6 ACLs to a Layer 3 interface 42-16

Numerics

10/100 autonegotiation feature, forced 7-11

10-Gigabit Ethernet or Gigabit Ethernet ports

deploy on WS-X4606-10GE-E and Sup 6-E 7-7

10-Gigabit Ethernet port

deploy with Gigabit Ethernet SFP ports 7-7

1400 W DC Power supply

special considerations 10-16

1400 W DC SP Triple Input power supply

special considerations 10-17

802.10 SAID (default) 12-5

802.1Q

trunks 16-6

802.1Q VLANs

encapsulation 14-3

trunk restrictions 14-5

802.1s

See MST

802.1w

See MST

802.1X

See port-based authentication

802.1X authentication

for Critical Authentication 36-13

for guest VLANs 36-10

for MAC Authentication Bypass 36-11

for Wake-on-LAN 36-14

web-based authentication 36-13

with port security 36-16

with VLAN assignment 36-9

with voice VLAN ports 36-19

802.1X Host Mode 36-6

multiauthentication mode 36-8

multidomain authentication mode 36-7

single-host 36-7

802.3ad

See LACP

A

AAA 39-1

AAA (authentication, authorization, and accounting). See also port-based authentication. 37-1

abbreviating commands 2-5

access control entries

See ACEs

access control entries and lists 39-1

access-group mode, configuring on Layer 2 interface 42-30

access-group mode, using PACL with 42-29

access list filtering, SPAN enhancement 46-13

access ports

configure port security 38-7, 38-22

configuring 14-8

access VLANs 14-6

accounting

with TACACS+ 3-16, 3-21

ACEs

ACLs 42-2

IP 42-2

Layer 4 operation restrictions 42-9

ACEs and ACLs 39-1

ACL assignments, port-based authentication 36-17

ACL assignments and redirect URLs, configure 36-32

ACLs

ACEs 42-2

and SPAN 46-5

and TCAM programming for Sup II-Plus thru V-10GE 42-6

applying on routed packets 42-26

applying on switched packets 42-25

compatibility on the same switch 42-3

configuring with VLAN maps 42-25

CPU impact 42-11

downloadable 37-7

hardware and software support 42-5

IP, matching criteria for port ACLs 42-4

MAC extended 42-12

matching criteria for router ACLs 42-3

port

and voice VLAN 42-4

defined 42-3

limitations 42-5

processing 42-11

selecting mode of capturing control packets 42-7

troubleshooting high CPU 42-6

types supported 42-3

understanding 42-2

VLAN maps 42-5

ACLs and VLAN maps, examples 42-19

acronyms, list of A-1

action drivers, marking 33-19

active queue management 33-9

active queue management via DBL, QoS on Sup 6-E 33-32

active traffic monitoring, IP SLAs 50-1

addresses

displaying the MAC address table 4-30

dynamic

changing the aging time 4-21

defined 4-19

learning 4-20

removing 4-22

IPv6 43-2

MAC, discovering 4-30

See MAC addresses

static

adding and removing 4-27

defined 4-19

address resolution 4-30

adjacency tables

description 27-2

displaying statistics 27-9

advertisements

LLDP 1-4, 23-2

advertisements, VTP

See VTP advertisements

aggregation switch, enabling DHCP snooping 40-9

aging time

MAC address table 4-21

All Auth manager sessions, displaying summary 36-68

All Auth manager sessions on the switch authorized for a specified authentication method 36-68

applying IPv6 ACLs to a Layer 3 interface 42-16

AQM via DBL, QoS on Sup 6-E 33-32

ARP

defined 4-30

table

address resolution 4-30

managing 4-30

authentication

NTP associations 4-4

See also port-based authentication

TACACS+

defined 3-16

key 3-18

login 3-19

Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting (AAA) 39-1

Authentication Failed VLAN assignment

configure with 802.1X 36-53

Authentication methods registered with the Auth manager, determining 36-67

authentication open comand 36-8

authentication proxy web pages 37-4

authentication server

defined 36-3

RADIUS server 36-3

Auth manager session for an interface, verifying 36-68

Auth manager summary, displaying 36-67

authoritative time source, described 4-2

authorization

with TACACS+ 3-16, 3-21

authorized and unauthorized ports 36-4

authorized ports with 802.1X 36-4

autoconfiguration 3-2

Auto-MDIX on a port

configuring 7-22

displaying the configuration 7-22

overview 7-21

autonegotiation feature

forced 10/100Mbps 7-11

auto-sync command 5-8

B

Baby Giants

interacting with 7-20

BackboneFast

adding a switch (figure) 18-4

and MST 16-23

configuring 18-16

link failure (figure) 18-14, 18-15

not supported MST 16-23

understanding 18-14

See also STP

banners

configuring

login 4-19

message-of-the-day login 4-18

default configuration 4-18

when displayed 4-17

b command 54-3

BGP 1-11

routing session with multi-VRF CE 31-11

blocking packets 44-1

blocking state (STP)

RSTP comparisons (table) 16-24

boot bootldr command 3-31

boot command 3-28

boot commands 54-3

boot fields

See configuration register boot fields

boot system command 3-26, 3-31

boot system flash command 3-28

Border Gateway Protocol

See BGP

boundary ports

description 16-27

BPDU Guard

and MST 16-23

configuring 18-16

overview 18-8

BPDUs

and media speed 16-2

pseudobridges and 16-25

what they contain 16-3

bridge ID

See STP bridge ID

bridge priority (STP) 16-16

bridge protocol data units

See BPDUs

Broadcast Storm Control

disabling 45-5

enabling 45-3

C

Call Home

description 1-16, 52-1

message format options 52-2

messages

format options 52-2

call home 52-1

alert groups 52-6

configuring e-mail options 52-9

contact information 52-4

default settings 52-18

destination profiles 52-5

displaying information 52-14

mail-server priority 52-10

pattern matching 52-9

periodic notification 52-8

rate limit messages 52-9

severity threshold 52-8

smart call home feature 52-2

SMTP server 52-9

testing communications 52-10

call home alert groups

configuring 52-6

description 52-6

subscribing 52-7

call home contacts

assigning information 52-4

call home destination profiles

attributes 52-5

configuring 52-5

description 52-5

displaying 52-16

call home notifications

full-txt format for syslog 52-25

XML format for syslog 52-34

Capturing control packets

selecting mode 42-7

cautions

Unicast RPF

BGP optional attributes 28-5

cautions for passwords

encrypting 3-22

CDP

configuration 20-2

defined with LLDP 23-1

displaying configuration 20-3

enabling on interfaces 20-3

host presence detection 36-8

maintaining 20-3

monitoring 20-3

overview 1-2, 20-1

cdp enable command 20-3

CEF

adjacency tables 27-2

and NSF with SSO 9-4

configuring load balancing 27-7

displaying statistics 27-8

enabling 27-6, 53-2

hardware switching 27-4

load balancing 27-6

overview 27-2

software switching 27-4

certificate authority (CA) 52-3

CGMP

overview 21-1

channel-group group command 19-8, 19-10

Cisco 7600 series Internet router

enabling SNMP 55-4, 55-5

Cisco Discovery Protocol

See CDP

Cisco Express Forwarding

See CEF

Cisco Group Management Protocol

See CGMP

Cisco IOS IP SLAs 50-2

Cisco IOS NSF-aware

support 9-2

Cisco IOS NSF-capable support 9-2

Cisco IP Phones

configuring 34-3

sound quality 34-1

CiscoWorks 2000 49-4

CIST

description 16-22

civic location 23-3

class level, configure in a service policy 33-29

class of service

See CoS

clear cdp counters command 20-4

clear cdp table command 20-3

clear counters command 7-25

clearing

IP multicast table entries 29-26

clear ip eigrp neighbors command 26-17

CLI

accessing 2-2

backing out one level 2-5

getting commands 2-5

history substitution 2-4

modes 2-5

monitoring environments 46-1

ROM monitor 2-7

software basics 2-4

clients

in 802.1X authentication 36-3

clock

See system clock

command-line processing 2-3

command modes 2-5

commands

b 54-3

boot 54-3

dev 54-3

dir device 54-3

i 54-3

listing 2-5

reset 54-3

ROM monitor54-2to ??

SNMP 55-4

common and internal spanning tree

See CIST

common spanning tree

See CST

community ports 35-4

community strings

configuring 49-7

overview 49-4

community VLANs 35-3, 35-4

and SPAN features 35-12

configure as a PVLAN 35-13

compiling MIBs 55-4

config-register command 3-29

config terminal command 3-9

configurable leave timer,IGMP 21-4

configuration examples

SNMP 49-16

configuration files

limiting TFTP server access 49-15

obtaining with DHCP 3-6

saving 3-10

system contact and location information 49-15

configuration guidelines

SNMP 49-6

configuration register

boot fields

listing value 3-29

modifying 3-28

changing from ROM monitor 54-3

changing settings3-28to 3-29

configuring 3-26

settings at startup 3-27

configure class-level queue-limit in a service policy 33-29

configure terminal command 3-29, 7-2

configuring access-group mode on Layer 2 interface 42-30

configuring flow control 7-14

configuring interface link and trunk status envents 7-26

configuring named IPv6 ACLs 42-15

configuring named MAC extended ACLs 42-12, 42-14

configuring unicast MAC address filtering 42-12

configuring VLAN maps 42-17

console configuration mode 2-5

console port

disconnecting user sessions 8-7

monitoring user sessions 8-6

contact information

assigning for call home 52-4

control plane policing

See CoPP

control protocol, IP SLAs 50-4

CoPP

applying QoS service policy to control plane 39-3

configuring

ACLs to match traffic 39-3

enabling MLS QoS 39-3

packet classification criteria 39-3

service-policy map 39-3

control plane configuration mode

entering 39-3

displaying

dynamic information 39-7

number of conforming bytes and packets 39-7

rate information 39-7

entering control plane configuration mode 39-3

monitoring statistics 39-7

overview 39-2

copy running-config startup-config command 3-10

copy system:running-config nvram:startup-config command 3-31

CoS

definition 33-3

figure 33-2

overriding on Cisco IP Phones 34-5

priority 34-5

counters

clearing MFIB 29-26

clearing on interfaces 7-25

CPU, impact of ACL processing 42-11

CPU port sniffing 46-10

crashinfo

kernel file 3-34

process core dump file 3-34

process file 3-33

crashinfo, configuring

commands 3-35

default 3-35

determining the process that crashed 3-39

enabling generation of process core dump 3-38

saving files to a secondary device 3-39

show commands 3-36

Critical Authentication

configure with 802.1X 36-50

CST

description 16-25

IST and 16-22

MST and 16-22

customer edge devices 31-2

D

database agent

configuration examples 40-15

enabling the DHCP Snooping 40-12

daylight saving time 4-13

default configuration

802.1X 36-23

banners 4-18

DNS 4-16

IGMP filtering 21-20

IGMP snooping 22-5, 22-6

IP SLAs 50-7

IPv6 43-7

LLDP 23-3

MAC address table 4-21

multi-VRF CE 31-3

NTP 4-4

private VLANs 35-11

resetting the interface 7-28

RMON 51-3

SNMP 49-5

SPAN and RSPAN 46-6

system message logging 47-3

TACACS+ 3-18

default gateway

configuring 3-11

verifying configuration 3-11

default settings, erase commad 3-32

default web-based authentication configuration

802.1X 37-6

denial-of-service attacks

IP address spoofing, mitigating 28-5

Unicast RPF, deploying 28-5

denying access to a server on another VLAN 42-23

deploying 10-Gigabit Ethernet and a Gigabit Ethernet SFP ports 7-7

deploying 10-Gigabit Ethernet and a Gigabit Ethernet SFP ports on WS-X4606-10GE-E and Sup 6-E 7-7

description command 7-14

detecting unidirectional links 24-1

dev command 54-3

device discovery protocol 23-1

device IDs

call home format 52-21, 52-22

DHCP

configuring

rate limit for incoming packets 40-13

denial-of-service attacks, preventing 40-13

rate limiting of packets

configuring 40-13

DHCP-based autoconfiguration

client request message exchange 3-3

configuring

client side 3-3

DNS 3-5

relay device 3-5

server-side 3-4

TFTP server 3-4

example 3-7

lease options

for IP address information 3-4

for receiving the configuration file 3-4

overview 3-2

relationship to BOOTP 3-3

DHCP option 82

overview 40-4

DHCP Snooping

enabling, and Option 82 40-10

DHCP snooping

accepting untrusted packets form edge switch 40-10

configuring 40-6

default configuration 40-7

displaying binding tables 40-18

displaying configuration 40-19

displaying information 40-18

enabling 40-7

enabling on private VLAN 40-11

enabling on the aggregation switch 40-9

enabling the database agent 40-12

message exchange process 40-4

monitoring 40-23

option 82 data insertion 40-4

overview 40-1

Snooping database agent 40-2

DHCP Snooping Database Agent

adding to the database (example) 40-18

enabling (example) 40-15

overview 40-2

reading from a TFTP file (example) 40-16

Diagnostics

online 53-1

troubleshooting 53-7

Power-On-Self-Test

causes of failure 53-20

how it works 53-9

overview 53-9

Power-On-Self-Test for Supervisor Engine V-10GE 53-14

Differentiated Services Code Point values

See DSCP values

DiffServ architecture, QoS 33-2

Digital optical monitoring transceiver support 7-10

Digital Signing 54-6

dir device command 54-3

disabled state

RSTP comparisons (table) 16-24

disabling

broadcast storm control 45-5

disabling multicast storm control 45-6

disconnect command 8-7

displaying

Auth Manager sumary for an interface 36-67

MAB details 36-70

summary of all Auth manager sessions 36-68

summary of all Auth manager sessions on the switch authorized for a specified authentication method 36-68

displaying EtherChannel to a Virtual Switch System 19-14

displaying storm control 45-6

display PoE consumed by a module 11-7

DNS

and DHCP-based autoconfiguration 3-5

default configuration 4-16

displaying the configuration 4-17

overview 4-15

setting up 4-16

domain names

DNS 4-15

Domain Name System

See DNS

downloading MIBs 55-2, 55-3, 55-4

DSCP values

definition 33-4

IP precedence 33-2

DTP

VLAN trunks and 14-3

duplex command 7-13

duplex mode

configuring interface 7-11

dynamic ARP inspection

ARP cache poisoning 41-2

configuring

ACLs for non-DHCP environments 41-11

in DHCP environments 41-5

log buffer 41-14

rate limit for incoming ARP packets 41-16

denial-of-service attacks, preventing 41-16

interface trust state, security coverage 41-3

log buffer

configuring 41-14

logging of dropped packets 41-4

overview 41-1

port channels, their behavior 41-5

priority of static bindings 41-4

purpose of 41-2

rate limiting of ARP packets 41-4

configuring 41-16

validation checks, performing 41-19

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol snooping

See DHCP snooping

dynamic port VLAN membership

example 12-29

limit on hosts 12-29

reconfirming 12-26

troubleshooting 12-29

Dynamic Trunking Protocol

See DTP

E

EAP frames

changing retransmission time 36-63

exchanging (figure) 36-4, 36-6, 36-12

request/identity 36-3

response/identity 36-3

setting retransmission number 36-64

EAPOL frames

802.1X authentication and 36-3

OTP authentication, example (figure) 36-4, 36-12

start 36-4

edge ports

description 16-27

EGP

overview 1-11

EIGRP

configuration examples 26-18

monitoring and maintaining 26-17

EIGRP (Enhanced IGRP)

stub routing

benefits 26-16

configuration tasks 26-16

configuring 26-12

overview 26-12

restrictions 26-16

verifying 26-17

EIGRP (enhanced IGRP)

overview 1-12

eigrp stub command 26-17

EIGRP stub routing, configuring 26-11

ELIN location 23-3

e-mail addresses

assigning for call home 52-4

e-mail notifications

Call Home 1-16, 52-1

Embedded CiscoView

displaying information 4-33

installing and configuring 4-31

overview 4-31

emergency alarms on Sup Engine 6-E systems 10-3

enable command 3-9, 3-28

enable mode 2-5

enabling SNMP 55-4, 55-5

encapsulation types 14-3

Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol

See EIGRP

Enhanced PoE support on E-series 11-15

environmental monitoring

using CLI commands 10-1

EPM logging 36-70

EtherChannel

channel-group group command 19-8, 19-10

configuration guidelines 19-5

configuring19-6to 19-14

configuring Layer 2 19-9

configuring Layer 3 19-6

displaying to a virtual switch system 19-14

interface port-channel command 19-7

lacp system-priority

command example 19-12

modes 19-3

overview 19-1

PAgP

Understanding 19-3

physical interface configuration 19-7

port-channel interfaces 19-2

port-channel load-balance command 19-13

removing 19-14

removing interfaces 19-13

EtherChannel guard

disabling 18-7

enabling 18-6

overview 18-6

explicit host tracking

enabling 21-11

extended range VLANs

See VLANs

Extensible Authentication Protocol over LAN 36-2

Exterior Gateway Protocol

See EGP

F

Fallback Authentication

configure with 802.1X 36-57

FastDrop

overview 29-10

FIB

description 27-2

See also MFIB

Filter-ID ACL and Per-User ACL, configureport-based authentication

configure Per-User ACL and Filter-ID ACL 36-38

filtering

in a VLAN 42-17

non-IP traffic 42-12, 42-14

flags 29-11

Flash memory

configuring router to boot from 3-31

loading system images from 3-30

security precautions 3-31

Flexible NetFlow

caveats 32-1

defined 1-2, 32-1

flooded traffic, blocking 44-2

flowchart, traffic marking procedure 33-19

flow control, configuring 7-14

For 11-13

forward-delay time (STP)

configuring 16-18

forwarding information base

See FIB

G

gateway

See default gateway

get-bulk-request operation 49-3

get-next-request operation 49-3, 49-4

get-request operation 49-3, 49-4

get-response operation 49-3

Gigabit Ethernet SFP ports

deploy with 10-Gigabit Ethernet 7-7

global configuration mode 2-5

Guest-VLANs

configure with 802.1X 36-46, 36-54

H

hardware and software ACL support 42-5

hardware switching 27-5

hello time (STP)

configuring 16-17

high CPU due to ACLs, troubleshooting 42-6

history

CLI 2-4

history table, level and number of syslog messages 47-9

hop counts

configuring MST bridges 16-28

host

limit on dynamic port 12-29

host ports

kinds of 35-4

host presence CDP message 36-8

Hot Standby Routing Protocol

See HSRP

HSRP

description 1-10

http

//www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/12_4/ip_sla/configuration/guide/hsla_c.html 50-1, 50-4

//www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/fnetflow/configuration/guide/12_4t/fnf_12_4t_book.html 32-1

//www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/fundamentals/command reference/cf_book.html 47-1, 49-1, 51-1

hw-module module num power command 10-18

I

ICMP

enabling 8-12

ping 8-7

running IP traceroute 8-9

time exceeded messages 8-9

ICMP Echo operation

configuring 50-12

IP SLAs 50-11

i command 54-3

IDS

using with SPAN and RSPAN 46-3

IEEE 802.1s

See MST

IEEE 802.1w

See MST

IEEE 802.3ad

See LACP

IGMP

configurable-leave timer 21-4

description 29-3

enabling 29-13

explicit host tracking 21-4

immediate-leave processing 21-3

leave processing, enabling 22-8

overview 21-1

report suppression

disabling 22-10

IGMP filtering

configuring 21-21

default configuration 21-20

described 21-20

monitoring 21-24

IGMP groups

setting the maximum number 21-23

IGMP Immediate Leave

configuration guidelines 21-9

IGMP profile

applying 21-22

configuration mode 21-21

configuring 21-21

IGMP Snooping

configure

leave timer 21-9

configuring

Learning Methods 21-7

static connection to a multicast router 21-8

configuring host statically 21-11

enabling

Immediate-Leave processing

explicit host tracking 21-11

suppressing multicast flooding 21-12

IGMP snooping

configuration guidelines 21-5

default configuration 22-5, 22-6

enabling

globally 21-6

on a VLAN 21-6

enabling and disabling 22-6

IP multicast and 29-4

monitoring 21-14, 22-11

overview 21-1

IGMP Snooping, displaying

group 21-16

hot membership 21-15

how to 21-15

MAC address entries 21-18

multicast router interfaces 21-17

on a VLAN interface 21-18

Querier information 21-19

IGMPSnooping Querier, configuring 21-10

Immediate Leave, IGMP

enabling 22-8

immediate-leave processing

enabling 21-8

IGMP

See fast-leave processing

ingress packets, SPAN enhancement 46-12

inline power

configuring on Cisco IP phones 34-5

Intelligent Power Management 11-4

interacting with Baby Giants 7-20

interface command 3-9, 7-2

interface link and trunk status events

configuring 7-26

interface port-channel command 19-7

interface range command 7-5

interface range macro command 7-6

interfaces

adding descriptive name 7-13

clearing counters 7-25

configuring 7-2

configuring ranges 7-4

displaying information about 7-24

Layer 2 modes 14-4

maintaining 7-24

monitoring 7-24

naming 7-13

numbers 7-2

overview 7-2

restarting 7-25

See also Layer 2 interfaces

Internet Control Message Protocol

See ICMP

Internet Group Management Protocol

See IGMP

Internet Protocol version 6

See IPv6

Inter-Switch Link encapsulation

See ISL encapsulation

Intrusion Detection System

See IDS

inventory management TLV 23-2, 23-7

IP

configuring default gateway 3-11

configuring static routes 3-11

displaying statistics 27-8

IP addresses

128-bit 43-2

discovering 4-30

IPv6 43-2

ip cef command 27-6, 53-2

IP Enhanced IGRP

interfaces, displaying 26-17

ip icmp rate-limit unreachable command 8-12

ip igmp profile command 21-21

ip igmp snooping tcn flood command 21-13

ip igmp snooping tcn flood query count command 21-14

ip igmp snooping tcn query solicit command 21-14

IP information

assigned

through DHCP-based autoconfiguration 3-2

ip load-sharing per-destination command 27-7

ip local policy route-map command 30-8

ip mask-reply command 8-13

IP MTU sizes, configuring 26-8

IP MTU sizes,configuring 26-8

IP multicast

clearing table entries 29-26

configuring 29-12

default configuration 29-12

displaying PIM information 29-21

displaying the routing table information 29-22

enabling dense-mode PIM 29-14

enabling sparse-mode 29-14

features not supported 29-12

hardware forwarding 29-8

IGMP snooping and 21-5, 29-4

overview 29-1

routing protocols 29-2

software forwarding 29-8

See also Auto-RP; IGMP; PIM; RP; RPF

IP multicast routing

enabling 29-13

monitoring and maintaining 29-21

ip multicast-routing command 29-13

IP phones

configuring voice ports 34-3

See Cisco IP Phones 34-1

ip pim command 29-14

ip pim dense-mode command 29-14

ip pim sparse-dense-mode command 29-15

ip policy route-map command 30-7

ip redirects command 8-13

IP routing tables

deleting entries 29-26

IP Service Level Agreements

See IP SLAs

IP service levels, analyzing 50-1

IP SLAs

benefits 50-3

Control Protocol 50-4

default configuration 50-7

definition 50-1

ICMP echo operation 50-11

measuring network performance 50-3

monitoring 50-13

multioperations scheduling 50-6

operation 50-4

responder

described 50-4

enabling 50-8

response time 50-5

scheduling 50-6

SNMP support 50-3

supported metrics 50-3

threshold monitoring 50-6

UDP jitter operation 50-9

IP Source Guard

configuring 40-20

configuring on private VLANs 40-22

displaying 40-22, 40-23

overview 40-19

IP statistics

displaying 27-8

IP traceroute

executing 8-9

overview 8-9

IP unicast

displaying statistics 27-8

IP Unnumbered support

configuring on a range of Ethernet VLANs 13-6

configuring on LAN and VLAN interfaces 13-5

configuring with connected host polling 13-7

DHCP Option 82 13-3

displaying settings 13-8

format of agent remote ID suboptions 13-3

troubleshooting 13-9

with conected host polling 13-4

with DHCP server and Relay agent 13-2

ip unreachables command 8-12

IPv6

addresses 43-2

default configuration 43-7

defined 43-1

Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP) IPv6 43-6

Router ID 43-6

OSPF 43-5

IPX

redistribution of route information with EIGRP 1-12

ISL

encapsulation 14-3

isolated port 35-4

isolated VLANs 35-3, 35-4

ISSU

compatibility matrix 6-13

compatiblity verification using Cisco Feature Navigator 6-14

NSF overview 6-3

perform the process

aborting a software upgrade 6-31

configuring the rollback timer as a safeguard 6-32

displaying a compatibility matrix 6-34

loading the new software on the new standby 6-24

stopping the rollback timer 6-23

switching to the standby 6-21

verify the ISSU state 6-17

verify the redundancy mode 6-16

verify the software installation 6-15

vload the new software on standby 6-18

prerequisites 6-2

process overview 6-6

restrictions 6-2

SNMP support 6-14

SSO overview 6-3

IST

and MST regions 16-22

description 16-22

master 16-27

J

jumbo frames

and ethernet ports 7-18

configuring MTU sizes for 7-19

ports and linecards that support 7-16

understanding MTUs 7-17

understanding support 7-17

VLAN interfaces 7-18

K

keyboard shortcuts 2-3

L

labels, definition 33-3

LACP

system ID 19-4

Layer 2 access ports 14-8

Layer 2 frames

classification with CoS 33-2

Layer 2 interface, configuring access-mode mode on 42-30

Layer 2 interfaces

assigning VLANs 12-7

configuring 14-5

configuring as PVLAN host ports 35-17

configuring as PVLAN promiscuous ports 35-16

configuring as PVLAN trunk ports 35-18

defaults 14-5

disabling configuration 14-9

modes 14-4

show interfaces command 14-7

Layer 2 interface type

resetting 35-22

setting 35-22

Layer 2 switching

overview 14-1

Layer 2 Traceroute

and ARP 8-11

and CDP 8-10

host-to-host paths 8-10

IP addresses and subnets 8-11

MAC addresses and VLANs 8-10

multicast traffic 8-10

multiple devices on a port 8-11

unicast traffic 1-24, 8-10

usage guidelines 8-10

Layer 2 trunks

configuring 14-6

overview 14-3

Layer 3 interface, applying IPv6 ACLs 42-16

Layer 3 interface counters,configuring 26-9

Layer 3 interface counters,understanding 26-3

Layer 3 interfaces

changing from Layer 2 mode 31-7

configuration guidelines 26-4

overview 26-1

logical 26-2

physical 26-2

VLANs as interfaces 26-6

Layer 3 packets

classification methods 33-2

Layer 4 port operations

configuration guidelines 42-10

restrictions 42-9

Leave timer, enabling 21-9

link and trunk status events

configuring interface 7-26

Link Layer Discovery Protocol

See CDP

listening state (STP)

RSTP comparisons (table) 16-24

LLDP

configuring 23-3

characteristics 23-4

default configuration 23-3

disabling and enabling

globally 23-5

on an interface 23-6

monitoring and maintaining 23-10

overview 23-1

transmission timer and holdtime, setting 23-4

LLDP-MED

configuring

procedures 23-3

TLVs 23-7, 23-8

monitoring and maintaining 23-10

overview 23-1

supported TLVs 23-2

load balancing

configuring for CEF 27-7

configuring for EtherChannel 19-12

overview 19-5, 27-6

per-destination 27-7

location service

configuring 23-9

location TLV 23-3, 23-7

logging, EPM 36-70

Logical Layer 3 interfaces

configuring 26-5

login authentication

with TACACS+ 3-19

login banners 4-17

login timer

changing 8-6

logoutwarning command 8-6

loop guard

and MST 16-23

configuring 18-5

overview 18-3

M

MAC/PHY configuration status TLV 23-2

MAC addresses

aging time 4-21

allocating 16-5

and VLAN association 4-20

building tables 4-20, 14-2

convert dynamic to sticky secure 38-5

default configuration 4-21

discovering 4-30

displaying 4-30, 8-3

displaying in DHCP snooping binding table 40-19

dynamic

learning 4-20

removing 4-22

in ACLs 42-12

static

adding 4-28

allowing 4-29

characteristics of 4-27

dropping 4-29

removing 4-28

sticky 38-4

sticky secure, adding 38-5

MAC Authentication Bypass

configure with 802.1X 36-48

MAC details, displaying 36-70

MAC extended access lists 42-12

macros

See Smartports macros

main-cpu command 5-8

management address TLV 23-2

management options

SNMP 49-1

marking

hardware capabilities 33-21

marking action drivers 33-19

marking network traffic 33-16

marking support, multi-attribute 33-20

match ip address command 30-6

maximum aging time (STP)

configuring 16-18

MDA

configuration guidelines36-20to 36-21

described 36-20

messages, to users through banners 4-17

MFIB

CEF 29-5

overview 29-11

MFIB, IP

displaying 29-24

MIBs

compiling 55-4

downloading 55-2, 55-3, 55-4

overview 49-1

SNMP interaction with 49-4

MLD Done messages and Immediate-leave 22-4

MLD messages 22-2

MLD queries 22-3

MLD reports 22-4

MLD Snooping

MLD Done messages and Immediate-leave 22-4

MLD messages 22-2

MLD queries 22-3

MLD reports 22-4

Multicast client aging robustness 22-3

Multicast router discovery 22-3

overview 22-1

Mode of capturing control packets, selecting 42-7

modules

checking status 8-2

monitoring

ACL information 42-34

IGMP

snooping 22-11

IGMP filters 21-24

IGMP snooping 21-14

IP SLAs operations 50-13

multicast router interfaces 22-11

multi-VRF CE 31-17

traffic flowing among switches 51-1

VLAN filters 42-24

VLAN maps 42-24

M-record 16-22

MST

and multiple spanning trees 1-5, 16-22

boundary ports 16-27

BPDUs 16-22

configuration parameters 16-26

configuring 16-29

displaying configurations 16-33

edge ports 16-27

enabling 16-29

hop count 16-28

instances

configuring parameters 16-32

description 16-22

number supported 16-26

interoperability with PVST+ 16-23

link type 16-28

master 16-27

message age 16-28

regions 16-26

restrictions 16-29

to-SST interoperability 16-24

MSTP

EtherChannel guard

enabling 18-6

M-record 16-22

M-tree 16-22

M-tree 16-22

MTUS

understanding 7-17

MTU size

configuring 7-19, 7-20, 7-26, 7-27

default 12-5

multiauthentication mode 36-8

multicast

See IP multicast

Multicast client aging robustness 22-3

multicast groups

static joins 22-7

multicast packets

blocking 44-2

Multicast router discovery 22-3

multicast router interfaces, displaying 21-17

multicast router interfaces, monitoring 22-11

multicast router ports, adding 22-7

multicast routers

flood suppression 21-12

multicast router table

displaying 29-22

Multicast Storm Control

enabling 45-4

disabling 45-6

multidomain authentication

See MDA

multidomain authentication mode 36-7

multioperations scheduling, IP SLAs 50-6

Multiple Authentication

described 36-20

Multiple AuthorizationAuthentication

configuring 36-29

Multiple Domain Authentication 36-29

multiple forwarding paths 1-5, 16-22

multiple-hosts mode 36-7

Multiple Spanning Tree

See MST

multiple VPN routing/forwarding

See multi-VRF CE

multi-VRF CE

components 31-3

configuration example 31-12

default configuration 31-3

defined 31-1

displaying 31-17

monitoring 31-17

network components 31-3

packet-forwarding process 31-3

N

named IPv6 ACLs, configuring

ACLs

configuring named IPv6 ACLs 42-15

named MAC extended ACLs

ACLs

configuring named MAC extended 42-12, 42-14

native VLAN

specifying 14-6

network fault tolerance 1-5, 16-22

network management

configuring 20-1

RMON 51-1

SNMP 49-1

network performance, measuring with IP SLAs 50-3

network policy TLV 23-2, 23-7

Network Time Protocol

See NTP

network traffic, marking 33-16

New Software Features in Release 7.7

TDR 8-3

Next Hop Resolution Protocol

See NHRP

NHRP

support 1-12

non-IP traffic filtering 42-12, 42-14

non-RPF traffic

description 29-9

in redundant configurations (figure) 29-10

Nonstop Forwarding

See NSF

nonvolatile random-access memory

See NVRAM

normal-range VLANs

See VLANs

NSF

defined 9-1

guidelines and restrictions 9-7

operation 9-4

NSF-aware

support 9-2

NSF-capable

supervisor engines 9-2

support 9-2

NSF with SSO supervisor engine redundancy

and CEF 9-4

overview 9-3

SSO operation 9-3

NTP

associations

authenticating 4-4

defined 4-2

enabling broadcast messages 4-7

peer 4-6

server 4-6

default configuration 4-4

displaying the configuration 4-11

overview 4-2

restricting access

creating an access group 4-9

disabling NTP services per interface 4-10

source IP address, configuring 4-10

stratum 4-2

synchronizing devices 4-6

time

services 4-2

synchronizing 4-2

NVRAM

saving settings 3-10

O

OIR

overview 7-23

Online Diagnostics 53-1

online insertion and removal

See OIR

Open Shortest Path First

See OSPF

operating system images

See system images

Option 82

enabling DHCP Snooping 40-10

OSPF

area concept 1-13

description 1-13

for IPv6 43-5

P

packets

modifying 33-9

packet type filtering

overview 46-14

SPAN enhancement 46-14

PACL, using with access-group mode 42-29

PACL with VLAN maps and router ACLs 42-31

PAgP

understanding 19-3

passwords

configuring enable password 3-14

configuring enable secret password 3-14

encrypting 3-22

recovering lost enable password 3-25

setting line password 3-14

PBR (policy-based routing)

configuration (example) 30-8

enabling 30-6

features 30-2

overview 30-1

route-map processing logic 30-3

route-map processing logic example 30-4

route maps 30-2

when to use 30-5

per-port and VLAN Access Control List 40-19

per-port per-VLAN QoS

enabling 33-33

overview 33-10

Per-User ACL and Filter-ID ACL, configure 36-38

Per-VLAN Rapid Spanning Tree 16-6

enabling 16-20

overview 16-6

PE to CE routing, configuring 31-11

Physical Layer 3 interfaces, configuring 26-10

PIM

configuring dense mode 29-14

configuring sparse mode 29-14

displaying information 29-21

displaying statistics 29-25

enabling sparse-dense mode 29-14, 29-15

overview 29-3

PIM-DM 29-3

PIM on an interface, enabling 29-13

PIM-SM 29-4

PIM-SSM mapping, enabling 29-16

ping

executing 8-8

overview 8-7

ping command 8-8, 29-21

PoE 11-7

configuring power consumption for single device 11-5

Enhanced PoE support on E-series 11-15

policing and monitoring 11-11

power consumption for powered devices

Intelligent Power Management 11-4

power management modes 11-3

show interface status 11-6

PoE policing

configuring errdisable recovery 11-14

configuring on an interface 11-12

displaying on an interface 11-13

power modes 11-12

point-to-point

in 802.1X authentication (figure) 36-2

policing

how to implement 33-15

See QoS policing

policing, PoE 11-11

policy associations, QoS on Sup 6-E 33-37

policy-map command 33-14

policy map marking action, configuring 33-21

port ACLs

and voice VLAN 42-4

defined 42-3

limitations 42-5

Port Aggregation Protocol

see PAgP

port-based authentication

802.1X with voice VLAN 36-19

authentication server

defined 37-2

changing the quiet period 36-63

client, defined 36-3, 37-2

configuration guidelines 36-24, 37-6

configure ACL assignments and redirect URLs 36-32

configure switch-to-RADIUS server communication 36-27

configure with Authentication Failed VLAN assignment 36-53

configure with Critical Authentication 36-50

configure with Guest-VLANs 36-46, 36-54

configure with MAC Authentication Bypass 36-48

configure with Wake-on-LAN 36-52

configuring

Multiple Domain Authentication and Multiple Authorization 36-29

RADIUS server 37-10

RADIUS server parameters on the switch 37-8

configuring Fallback Authentication 36-57

configuring Guest-VLAN 36-27

configuring manual re-authentication of a client 36-66

controlling authorization state 36-5

default configuration 36-23, 37-6

described 36-1

device roles 36-2, 37-2

displaying statistics 36-67, 37-13

enabling 36-24

802.1X authentication 37-8

enabling multiple hosts 36-62

enabling periodic re-authentication 36-61

encapsulation 36-3

host mode 36-6

how 802.1X fails on a port 36-21

initiation and message exchange 36-3

method lists 36-24

modes 36-6

multidomain authentication 36-20

multiple-hosts mode, described 36-7

port security

multiple-hosts mode 36-7

ports not supported 36-4

pre-authentication open access 36-8

resetting to default values 36-66

setting retransmission number 36-64

setting retransmission time 36-63

switch

as proxy 37-2

topologies, supported 36-21

using with ACL assignments and redirect URLs 36-17

using with port security 36-16

with Critical Authentication 36-13

with Guest VLANs 36-10

with MAC Authentication Bypass 36-11

with VLAN assignment 36-9

port-channel interfaces

See also EtherChannel

creating 19-7

overview 19-2

port-channel load-balance

command 19-12

command example 19-12

port-channel load-balance command 19-13

port cost (STP)

configuring 16-15

port description TLV 23-2

PortFast

and MST 16-23

BPDU filter, configuring 18-10

configuring or enabling 18-16

overview 18-7

PortFast BPDU filtering

and MST 16-23

enabling 18-10

overview 18-9

port numbering with TwinGig Convertors 7-7

port priority

configuring MST instances 16-32

configuring STP 16-13

ports

blocking 44-1

checking status 8-2

dynamic VLAN membership

example 12-29

reconfirming 12-26

forwarding, resuming 44-3

See also interfaces

port security

aging 38-5

configuring 38-7

displaying 38-28

guidelines and restrictions 38-33

on access ports 38-7, 38-22

on private VLAN 38-14

host 38-14

promiscuous 38-16

topology 38-15, 38-18, 38-32

on trunk port 38-17

guidelines and restrictions 38-15, 38-18, 38-21, 38-32

port mode changes 38-22

on voice ports 38-22

sticky learning 38-5

using with 802.1X 36-16

violations 38-6

with 802.1X Authentication 38-32

with DHCP and IP Source Guard 38-31

with other features 38-33

port states

description 16-5

port VLAN ID TLV 23-2

power

inline 34-5

power dc input command 10-17

power handling for Supervisor Engine II-TS 11-11

power inline command 11-3

power inline consumption command 11-5

power management

Catalyst 4500 series 10-5

Catalyst 4500 Switch power supplies 10-12

configuring combined mode 10-11

configuring redundant mode 10-10

overview 10-1

redundancy 10-5

power management for Catalyst 4500 Switch

combined mode 10-7

redundant mode 10-7

power management limitations in Catalyst 4500 Switch 10-8

power management mode

selecting 10-7

power management TLV 23-2, 23-7

power negotiation

through LLDP 23-8

Power-On-Self-Test diagnostics 53-9, 53-20

Power-On-Self-Test for Supervisor Engine V-10GE 53-14

power redundancy-mode command 10-10

power supplies

available power for Catalyst 4500 Switch 10-12

fixed 10-6

variable 10-6

pre-authentication open access 36-8

pre-authentication open access. See port-based authentication.

primary VLANs 35-3, 35-5

associating with secondary VLANs 35-14

configuring as a PVLAN 35-13

priority

overriding CoS of incoming frames 34-5

priority queuing, QoS on Sup 6-E 33-28

private VLAN

configure port security 38-14, 38-15

enabling DHCP Snooping 40-11

private VLANs

across multiple switches 35-5

and SVIs 35-10

benefits of 35-3

community ports 35-4

community VLANs 35-3, 35-4

default configuration 35-11

end station access to 35-3

isolated port 35-4

isolated VLANs 35-3, 35-4

ports

community 35-4

isolated 35-4

promiscuous 35-5

primary VLANs 35-3, 35-5

promiscuous ports 35-5

secondary VLANs 35-3

subdomains 35-3

traffic in 35-9

privileged EXEC mode 2-5

privileges

changing default 3-23

configuring levels 3-23

exiting 3-24

logging in 3-24

promiscuous ports

configuring PVLAN 35-16

defined 35-5

setting mode 35-22

protocol timers 16-4

provider edge devices 31-2

pruning, VTP

See VTP pruning

pseudobridges

description 16-25

PVACL 40-19

PVID (port VLAN ID)

and 802.1X with voice VLAN ports 36-19

PVLAN promiscuous trunk port

configuring 35-2, 35-16, 35-19

PVLANs

802.1q support 35-13

across multiple switches 35-5

configuration guidelines 35-11

configure port security 38-14, 38-16, 38-18

configure port security in a wireless setting 38-32

configuring 35-10

configuring a VLAN 35-13

configuring promiscuous ports 35-16

host ports

configuring a Layer 2 interface 35-17

setting 35-22

overview 35-1

permitting routing, example 35-21

promiscuous mode

setting 35-22

setting

interface mode 35-22

Q

QoS

classification33-6to ??

definitions 33-3

enabling per-port per-VLAN 33-33

overview 33-1

overview of per-port per-VLAN 33-10

packet modification 33-9

traffic shaping 33-9

See also COS; DSCP values; transmit queues

QoS active queue management

tracking queue length 33-9

QoS labels

definition 33-3

QoS marking

description 33-5

QoS on Sup 6-E

Active Queue management via DBL 33-32

active queue management via DBL 33-25, 33-32

classification 33-13

configuring 33-11

configuring the policy map marking action 33-21

hardware capabilities for marking 33-21

how to implement policing 33-15

marking action drivers 33-19

marking network traffic 33-16

MQC-based QoS configuration 33-11

multi-attribute marking support 33-20

platform hardware capabilities 33-12

platform restrictions 33-16

platform-supported classification criteria and QoS features 33-11

policing 33-14

policy associations 33-37

prerequisites for applying a service policy 33-13

priority queuing 33-28

queue-limiting 33-29

restrictions for applying a service policy 33-13

shaping 33-23

sharing(bandwidth) 33-25

sharing(blandwidth), shapring, and priority queuing 33-23

software QoS 33-38

traffic marking procedure flowchart 33-19

QoS policing

definition 33-5

described 33-8

QoS policy

attaching to interfaces 33-8

QoS service policy

prerequisites 33-13

restrictions for applying 33-13

QoS transmit queues

burst 33-9

maximum rate 33-9

sharing link bandwidth 33-9

Quality of service

See QoS

queueing 33-8

queue-limiting, QoS on Sup 6-E 33-29

R

RADIUS server

configure to-Switch communication 36-27

configuring settings 36-29

parameters on the switch 36-27

range command 7-5

range macros

defining 7-6

ranges of interfaces

configuring 7-4

Rapid Spanning Tree

See RSTP

re-authentication of a client

configuring manual 36-66

enabling periodic 36-61

redirect URLs, port-based authentication 36-17

reduced MAC address 16-2

redundancy

configuring 5-7

guidelines and restrictions 5-6

changes made through SNMP 5-11

NSF-aware support 9-2

NSF-capable support 9-2

overview 5-2

redundancy command 5-8

understanding synchronization 5-5

redundancy (NSF) 9-1

configuring

BGP 9-9

CEF 9-8

EIGRP 9-12

OSPF 9-11

routing protocols 9-5

redundancy (RPR)

route processor redundancy 5-3

synchronization 5-5

redundancy (SSO)

redundancy command 9-8

route processor redundancy 5-3

synchronization 5-6

reload command 3-28, 3-29, 3-40

Remote Network Monitoring

See RMON

rendezvous point, configuring 29-16

rendezvous point, configuring single static 29-19

replication

description 29-8

report suppression, IGMP

disabling 22-10

reserved-range VLANs

See VLANs

reset command 54-3

resetting an interface to default configuration 7-28

resetting a switch to defaults 3-32

responder, IP SLAs

described 50-4

enabling 50-8

response time, measuring with IP SLAs 50-5

restricting access

NTP services 4-8

TACACS+ 3-15

retransmission number

setting in 802.1X authentication 36-64

retransmission time

changing in 802.1X authentication 36-63

RFC

1157, SNMPv1 49-2

1305, NTP 4-2

1757, RMON 51-2

1901, SNMPv2C 49-2

1902 to 1907, SNMPv2 49-2

2273-2275, SNMPv3 49-2

RIP

description 1-13

for IPv6 43-5

RMON

default configuration 51-3

displaying status 51-6

enabling alarms and events 51-3

groups supported 51-2

overview 51-1

ROM monitor

boot process and 3-26

CLI 2-7

commands54-2to ??

exiting 54-5

root bridge

configuring 16-9

selecting in MST 16-22

root guard

and MST 16-23

enabling 18-2

overview 18-2

routed packets

ACLs 42-26

route-map (IP) command 30-6

route maps

defining 30-6

PBR 30-2

router ACLs

description 42-3

using with VLAN maps 42-25

router ACLs, using PACL with VLAN maps 42-31

route targets

VPN 31-3

Routing Information Protocol

See RIP

RPF

<Emphasis>See Unicast RPF

RSPAN

configuration guidelines 46-16

destination ports 46-5

IDS 46-3

monitored ports 46-4

monitoring ports 46-5

received traffic 46-3

sessions

creating 46-17

defined 46-3

limiting source traffic to specific VLANs 46-23

monitoring VLANs 46-22

removing source (monitored) ports 46-21

specifying monitored ports 46-17

source ports 46-4

transmitted traffic 46-4

VLAN-based 46-5

RSTP

compatibility 16-23

description 16-22

port roles 16-23

port states 16-24

S

SAID

See 802.10 SAID

scheduling 33-8

scheduling, IP SLAs operations 50-6

secondary root switch 16-12

secondary VLANs 35-3

associating with primary 35-14

permitting routing 35-21

security

configuring 39-1

Security Association Identifier

See 802.10 SAID

selecting a power management mode 10-7

selecting X2/TwinGig Convertor Mode 7-8

sequence numbers in log messages 47-7

server IDs

description 52-23

service policy, configure class-level queue-limit 33-29

service-policy input command 25-2

set default interface command 30-7

set interface command 30-7

set ip default next-hop command 30-7

set ip next-hop command 30-6

set-request operation 49-4

severity levels, defining in system messages 47-8

shaping, QoS on Sup 6-E 33-23

sharing(bandwidth), QoS on Sup 6-E 33-25

show adjacency command 27-9

show boot command 3-31

show catalyst4000 chassis-mac-address command 16-3

show cdp command 20-2, 20-3

show cdp entry command 20-3

show cdp interface command 20-3

show cdp neighbors command 20-4

show cdp traffic command 20-4

show ciscoview package command 4-33

show ciscoview version command 4-33

show configuration command 7-13

show debugging command 20-4

show environment command 10-2

show history command 2-4

show interfaces command 7-19, 7-20, 7-24, 7-26, 7-27

show interfaces status command 8-2

show ip cef command 27-8

show ip eigrp interfaces command 26-17

show ip eigrp neighbors command 26-17

show ip eigrp topology command 26-17

show ip eigrp traffic command 26-17

show ip interface command 29-21

show ip local policy command 30-8

show ip mroute command 29-21

show ip pim interface command 29-21

show lldp traffic command 23-10

show mac-address-table address command 8-3

show mac-address-table interface command 8-3

show mls entry command 27-8

show module command 8-2, 16-5

show PoE consumed 11-7

show power inline command 11-6

show power supplies command 10-10

show protocols command 7-24

show running-config command

adding description for an interface 7-13

checking your settings 3-9

displaying ACLs 42-19, 42-21, 42-28, 42-29, 42-30

show startup-config command 3-10

show users command 8-6

show version command 3-29

shutdown, command 7-25

shutting down

interfaces 7-25

Simple Network Management Protocol

See SNMP

single-host mode 36-7

single spanning tree

See SST

single static RP, configuring 29-19

slot numbers, description 7-2

smart call home 52-1

description 52-2

destination profile (note) 52-5

registration requirements 52-3

service contract requirements 52-3

Transport Gateway (TG) aggregation point 52-2

SMARTnet

smart call home registration 52-3

Smartports macros

applying global parameter values 15-8

applying macros 15-8

applying parameter values 15-8

configuration guidelines 15-6

configuring 15-2

creating 15-7

default configuration 15-3

defined 15-1

displaying 15-12

tracing 15-6

SNMP

accessing MIB variables with 49-4

agent

described 49-4

disabling 49-7

and IP SLAs 50-3

authentication level 49-10

community strings

configuring 49-7

overview 49-4

configuration examples 49-16

configuration guidelines 49-6

default configuration 49-5

enabling 55-4, 55-5

engine ID 49-6

groups 49-6, 49-9

host 49-6

informs

and trap keyword 49-11

described 49-5

differences from traps 49-5

enabling 49-15

limiting access by TFTP servers 49-15

limiting system log messages to NMS 47-9

manager functions 49-3

notifications 49-5

overview 49-1, 49-4

status, displaying 49-17

system contact and location 49-15

trap manager, configuring 49-13

traps

described 49-3, 49-5

differences from informs 49-5

enabling 49-11

enabling MAC address notification 4-22

enabling MAC move notification 4-24

enabling MAC threshold notification 4-26

overview 49-1, 49-4

types of 49-11

users 49-6, 49-9

versions supported 49-2

SNMP commands 55-4

SNMPv1 49-2

SNMPv2C 49-2

SNMPv3 49-2

software

upgrading 5-13

software configuration register 3-26

software QoS, on Sup 6-E 33-38

software switching

description 27-5

interfaces 27-6

key data structures used 29-7

source IDs

call home event format 52-22

SPAN

and ACLs 46-5

configuration guidelines 46-7

configuring46-7to 46-10

destination ports 46-5

IDS 46-3

monitored port, defined 46-4

monitoring port, defined 46-5

received traffic 46-3

sessions

defined 46-3

source ports 46-4

transmitted traffic 46-4

VLAN-based 46-5

SPAN and RSPAN

concepts and terminology 46-3

default configuration 46-6

displaying status 46-24

overview 46-2

session limits 46-6

SPAN enhancements

access list filtering 46-13

configuration example 46-15

CPU port sniffing 46-10

encapsulation configuration 46-12

ingress packets 46-12

packet type filtering 46-14

spanning-tree backbonefast command 18-16

spanning-tree cost command 16-15

spanning-tree guard root command 18-2

spanning-tree portfast bpdu-guard command 18-9

spanning-tree portfast command 18-7

spanning-tree port-priority command 16-13

spanning-tree uplinkfast command 18-13

spanning-tree vlan

command 16-9

command example 16-9

spanning-tree vlan command 16-8

spanning-tree vlan cost command 16-15

spanning-tree vlan forward-time command 16-19

spanning-tree vlan hello-time command 16-17

spanning-tree vlan max-age command 16-18

spanning-tree vlan port-priority command 16-13

spanning-tree vlan priority command 16-17

spanning-tree vlan root primary command 16-10

spanning-tree vlan root secondary command 16-12

speed

configuring interface 7-11

speed command 7-12

SSO

configuring 9-8

SSO operation 9-3

SST

description 16-22

interoperability 16-24

static addresses

See addresses

static routes

configuring 3-11

verifying 3-12

statistics

802.1X 37-13

displaying 802.1X 36-67

displaying PIM 29-25

LLDP 23-10

LLDP-MED 23-10

SNMP input and output 49-17

sticky learning

configuration file 38-5

defined 38-5

disabling 38-5

enabling 38-5

saving addresses 38-5

sticky MAC addresses

configuring 38-7

defined 38-4

Storm Control

displaying 45-6

enabling Broadcast 45-3

enabling Multicast 45-4

hardware-based, implementing 45-2

overview 45-1

software-based, implementing 45-2

STP

bridge ID 16-2

configuring16-7to 16-20

creating topology 16-4

defaults 16-6

disabling 16-19

enabling 16-7

enabling extended system ID 16-8

enabling Per-VLAN Rapid Spanning Tree 16-20

EtherChannel guard

disabling 18-7

forward-delay time 16-18

hello time 16-17

maximum aging time 16-18

overview 16-1, 16-3

per-VLAN rapid spanning tree 16-6

port cost 16-15

port priority 16-13

root bridge 16-9

stratum, NTP 4-2

stub routing (EIGRP)

benefits 26-16

configuration tasks 26-16

configuring 26-12

overview 26-11, 26-12

restrictions 26-16

verifying 26-17

subdomains, private VLAN 35-3

summer time 4-13

supervisor engine

accessing the redundant 5-14

configuring3-8to 3-13

copying files to standby 5-14

default configuration 3-1

default gateways 3-11

environmental monitoring 10-1

redundancy 9-1

ROM monitor 3-26

startup configuration 3-25

static routes 3-11

synchronizing configurations 5-11

Supervisor Engine II-TS

insufficient inline power handling 11-11

SVI Autostate Exclude

understanding 26-3

SVI Autostate exclude

configuring 26-6

switch 43-2

switched packets

and ACLs 42-25

Switched Port Analyzer

See SPAN

switchport

show interfaces 7-19, 7-20, 7-26, 7-27

switchport access vlan command 14-6, 14-8

switchport block multicast command 44-2

switchport block unicast command 44-2

switchport mode access command 14-8

switchport mode dynamic command 14-6

switchport mode trunk command 14-6

switch ports

See access ports

switchport trunk allowed vlan command 14-6

switchport trunk encapsulation command 14-6

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q command 14-3

switchport trunk encapsulation isl command 14-3

switchport trunk encapsulation negotiate command 14-3

switchport trunk native vlan command 14-6

switchport trunk pruning vlan command 14-7

switch-to-RADIUS server communication

configuring 36-27

system

reviewing configuration 3-10

settings at startup 3-27

system alarms

on Sup 2+ to V-10GE 10-4

overview 10-4

system and network statistics, displaying 29-21

system capabilities TLV 23-2

system clock

configuring

daylight saving time 4-13

manually 4-11

summer time 4-13

time zones 4-12

displaying the time and date 4-12

overview 4-2

See also NTP

system description TLV 23-2

system images

loading from Flash memory 3-30

modifying boot field 3-27

specifying 3-30

system message logging

default configuration 47-3

defining error message severity levels 47-8

disabling 47-4

displaying the configuration 47-12

enabling 47-4

facility keywords, described 47-12

level keywords, described 47-9

limiting messages 47-9

message format 47-2

overview 47-1

sequence numbers, enabling and disabling 47-7

setting the display destination device 47-5

synchronizing log messages 47-6

timestamps, enabling and disabling 47-7

UNIX syslog servers

configuring the daemon 47-10

configuring the logging facility 47-11

facilities supported 47-12

system name

manual configuration 4-15

See also DNS

system name TLV 23-2

system prompt, default setting 4-14

T

TACACS+ 39-1

accounting, defined 3-16

authentication, defined 3-16

authorization, defined 3-16

configuring

accounting 3-21

authentication key 3-18

authorization 3-21

login authentication 3-19

default configuration 3-18

displaying the configuration 3-22

identifying the server 3-18

limiting the services to the user 3-21

operation of 3-17

overview 3-15

tracking services accessed by user 3-21

TCAM programming and ACLs 42-7

for Sup II-Plust thru V-10GE 42-6

TDR

checking cable connectivity 8-3

enabling and disabling test 8-3

guidelines 8-3

Telnet

accessing CLI 2-2

disconnecting user sessions 8-7

executing 8-5

monitoring user sessions 8-6

telnet command 8-6

Terminal Access Controller Access Control System Plus

See TACACS+

TFTP

configuration files in base directory 3-5

configuring for autoconfiguration 3-4

limiting access by servers 49-15

threshold monitoring, IP SLAs 50-6

time

See NTP and system clock

Time Domain Reflectometer

See TDR

time exceeded messages 8-9

timer

See login timer

timestamps in log messages 47-7

time zones 4-12

TLV

host presence detection 36-8

TLVs

defined 1-4, 23-2

LLDP-MED 23-2

Token Ring

media not supported (note) 12-5, 12-9

Topology change notification processing

MLD Snooping

Topology change notification processing 22-4

TOS

description 33-4

trace command 8-9

traceroute

See IP traceroute

See Layer 2 Traceroute

traceroute mac command 8-11

traceroute mac ip command 8-11

traffic

blocking flooded 44-2

traffic control

using ACLs (figure) 42-4

using VLAN maps (figure) 42-5

traffic marking procedure flowchart 33-19

traffic shaping 33-9

translational bridge numbers (defaults) 12-5

traps

configuring MAC address notification 4-22

configuring MAC move notification 4-24

configuring MAC threshold notification 4-26

configuring managers 49-11

defined 49-3

enabling 4-22, 4-24, 4-26, 49-11

notification types 49-11

overview 49-1, 49-4

troubleshooting

with CiscoWorks 49-4

with system message logging 47-1

with traceroute 8-9

troubleshooting high CPU due to ACLs 42-6

trunk ports

configure port security 38-17

configuring PVLAN35-18to 35-19

trunks

802.1Q restrictions 14-5

configuring 14-6

configuring access VLANs 14-6

configuring allowed VLANs 14-6

default interface configuration 14-6

different VTP domains 14-3

enabling to non-DTP device 14-4

encapsulation 14-3

specifying native VLAN 14-6

understanding 14-3

trustpoint 52-3

TwinGig Convertors

port numbering 7-7

selecting X2/TwinGig Convertor mode 7-8

type length value

See TLV

type of service

See TOS

U

UDLD

default configuration 24-2

disabling 24-5

enabling 24-4

overview 24-1

UDP jitter, configuring 50-9

UDP jitter operation, IP SLAs 50-9

unauthorized ports with 802.1X 36-4

unicast

See IP unicast

unicast flood blocking

configuring 44-1

unicast MAC address filtering

and adding static addresses 4-29

and broadcast MAC addresses 4-28

and CPU packets 4-29

and multicast addresses 4-28

and router MAC addresses 4-28

configuration guidelines 4-28

described 4-28

unicast MAC address filtering, configuring

ACLs

configuring unicast MAC address filtering 42-12

Unicast RPF (Unicast Reverse Path Forwarding)

applying 28-5

BGP attributes

caution 28-5

CEF

requirement 28-2

tables 28-7

configuring 28-9

(examples)??to 28-12

BOOTP 28-8

DHCP 28-8

enterprise network (figure) 28-6

prerequisites 28-9

routing table requirements 28-7

tasks 28-9

verifying 28-10

deploying 28-5

description 1-15, 28-2

disabling 28-11

enterprise network (figure) 28-6

FIB 28-2

implementing 28-4

maintaining 28-11

monitoring 28-11

packets, dropping (figure) 28-4

prerequisites 28-9

restrictions

basic 28-8

routing asymmetry 28-7

routing asymmetry (figure) 28-8

routing table requirements 28-7

security policy

applying 28-5

attacks, mitigating 28-5

deploying 28-5

tunneling 28-5

source addresses, validating 28-3

(figure) 28-3, 28-4

failure 28-3

traffic filtering 28-5

tunneling 28-5

validation

failure 28-3, 28-4

packets, dropping 28-3

source addresses 28-3

verifying 28-10

unicast traffic

blocking 44-2

unidirectional ethernet

enabling 25-2

example of setting 25-2

overview 25-1

UniDirectional Link Detection Protocol

See UDLD

UNIX syslog servers

daemon configuration 47-10

facilities supported 47-12

message logging configuration 47-11

UplinkFast

and MST 16-23

enabling 18-16

MST and 16-23

overview 18-11

user EXEC mode 2-5

user sessions

disconnecting 8-7

monitoring 8-6

using PACL with access-group mode 42-29

V

VACLs

Layer 4 port operations 42-9

virtual configuration register 54-3

virtual LANs

See VLANs

Virtual Private Network

See VPN

Virtual Switch System(VSS), displaying EtherChannel to 19-14

VLAN ACLs

See VLAN maps

vlan command 12-6

VLAN ID, discovering 4-30

VLAN Management Policy Server

See VMPS

VLAN maps

applying to a VLAN 42-21

configuration example 42-22

configuration guidelines 42-18

configuring 42-17

creating and deleting entries 42-19

defined 42-3

denying access example 42-23

denying packets 42-19

displaying 42-24

order of entries 42-18

permitting packets 42-19

router ACLs and 42-25

using (figure) 42-5

using in your network 42-22

VLAN maps, PACL and Router ACLs 42-31

VLANs

allowed on trunk 14-6

configuration guidelines 12-3

configuring 12-5

default configuration 12-4

description 1-7

extended range 12-3

IDs (default) 12-4

interface assignment 12-7

limiting source traffic with RSPAN 46-23

monitoring with RSPAN 46-22

name (default) 12-4

normal range 12-3

overview 12-1

reserved range 12-3

See also PVLANs

VLAN Trunking Protocol

See VTP

VLAN trunks

overview 14-3

VMPS

configuration file example 12-32

configuring dynamic access ports on client 12-25

configuring retry interval 12-27

database configuration file 12-32

dynamic port membership

example 12-29

reconfirming 12-26

reconfirming assignments 12-26

reconfirming membership interval 12-26

server overview 12-21

VMPS client

administering and monitoring 12-28

configure switch

configure reconfirmation interval 12-26

dynamic ports 12-25

entering IP VMPS address 12-24

reconfirmation interval 12-27

reconfirm VLAM membership 12-26

default configuration 12-24

dynamic VLAN membership overview 12-23

troubleshooting dynamic port VLAN membership 12-29

VMPS server

fall-back VLAN 12-23

illegal VMPS client requests 12-23

overview 12-21

security modes

multiple 12-22

open 12-22

secure 12-22

voice interfaces

configuring 34-1

Voice over IP

configuring 34-1

voice ports

configuring VVID 34-3

voice traffic 11-2, 34-5

voice VLAN

IP phone data traffic, described 34-2

IP phone voice traffic, described 34-2

voice VLAN ports

using 802.1X 36-19

VPN

configuring routing in 31-11

forwarding 31-3

in service provider networks 31-1

routes 31-2

routing and forwarding table

See VRF

VRF

defining 31-3

tables 31-1

VRF-aware services

ARP 31-6, 31-9

configuring 31-6

ftp 31-8

ping 31-7

SNMP 31-7

syslog 31-8

tftp 31-8

traceroute 31-8

uRPF 31-7

VTP

client, configuring 12-16

configuration guidelines 12-12

default configuration 12-13

disabling 12-16

monitoring 12-19

overview 12-7

pruning

configuring 12-15

See also VTP version 2

server, configuring 12-16

statistics 12-19

transparent mode, configuring 12-16

version 2

enabling 12-15

VTP advertisements

description 12-9

VTP domains

description 12-8

VTP modes 12-8

VTP pruning

overview 12-11

VTP versions 2 and 3

overview 12-9

See also VTP

VVID (voice VLAN ID)

and 802.1X authentication 36-19

configuring 34-3

W

Wake-on-LAN

configure with 802.1X 36-52

web-based authentication

authentication proxy web pages 37-4

description 1-25, 36-13, 37-1

web-based authentication, interactions with other features 37-4