Catalyst 3750-X and 3560-X Software Configuration Guide, Release 15.0(1)SE
Index
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Index

Numerics

10-Gigabit Ethernet interfaces 14-7

802.1AE

standard 12-2

802.1x-REV 12-2

A

AAA down policy, NAC Layer 2 IP validation 1-13

abbreviating commands 2-3

ABRs 42-27

AC (command switch) 6-10

access control entries

See ACEs

access-denied response, VMPS 15-26

access groups

applying IPv4 ACLs to interfaces 37-22

Layer 3 37-22

access groups, applying IPv4 ACLs to interfaces 37-22

accessing

clusters, switch 6-13

command switches 6-11

member switches 6-13

switch clusters 6-13

accessing stack members 5-30

access lists

See ACLs

access ports

and Layer 2 protocol tunneling 19-11

defined 14-3

in switch clusters 6-9

access template 8-2

accounting

with 802.1x 11-52

with IEEE 802.1x 11-14

with RADIUS 10-34

with TACACS+ 10-11, 10-17

ACEs

and QoS 38-8

defined 37-2

Ethernet 37-2

IP 37-2

ACLs

ACEs 37-2

applying

on bridged packets 37-42

on multicast packets 37-43

on routed packets 37-43

on switched packets 37-41

time ranges to 37-18

to an interface 37-21, 39-7

to QoS 38-7

classifying traffic for QoS 38-49

comments in 37-20

compiling 37-24

defined 37-2, 37-8

examples of 37-24, 38-49

extended IP, configuring for QoS classification 38-50

extended IPv4

creating 37-11

matching criteria 37-8

hardware and software handling 37-23

IP

creating 37-8

fragments and QoS guidelines 38-39

implicit deny 37-11, 37-15, 37-18

implicit masks 37-11

matching criteria 37-8

undefined 37-23

IPv4

applying to interfaces 37-21

creating 37-8

matching criteria 37-8

named 37-16

numbers 37-9

terminal lines, setting on 37-20

unsupported features 37-7

IPv6

and stacking 39-3

applying to interfaces 39-7

configuring 39-4, 39-5

displaying 39-8

interactions with other features 39-4

limitations 39-3

matching criteria 39-3

named 39-3

precedence of 39-2

supported 39-2

unsupported features 39-3

Layer 4 information in 37-41

logging messages 37-9

MAC extended 37-29, 38-53

matching 37-8, 37-22

monitoring 37-44, 39-8

named

IPv4 37-16

IPv6 39-3

names 39-4

number per QoS class map 38-39

port 37-3, 39-2

precedence of 37-3

QoS 38-7, 38-49

resequencing entries 37-16

router 37-3, 39-2

router ACLs and VLAN map configuration guidelines 37-40

standard IP, configuring for QoS classification 38-49, 38-51

standard IPv4

creating 37-10

matching criteria 37-8

support for 1-11

support in hardware 37-23

time ranges 37-18

types supported 37-2

unsupported features

IPv4 37-7

IPv6 39-3

using router ACLs with VLAN maps 37-40

VLAN maps

configuration guidelines 37-33

configuring 37-32

active link 23-4, 23-5, 23-6

active links 23-2

active router 44-2

active traffic monitoring, IP SLAs 45-1

address aliasing 26-2

addresses

displaying the MAC address table 7-23

dynamic

accelerated aging 20-9

changing the aging time 7-14

default aging 20-9

defined 7-12

learning 7-13

removing 7-15

IPv6 43-2

MAC, discovering 7-24

multicast

group address range 49-3

STP address management 20-8

static

adding and removing 7-20

defined 7-12

address resolution 7-24, 42-10

Address Resolution Protocol

See ARP

adjacency tables, with CEF 42-92

administrative distances

defined 42-104

OSPF 42-35

routing protocol defaults 42-94

advertisements

CDP 28-1

LLDP 30-2

RIP 42-21

VTP 15-17, 16-3, 16-4

aggregatable global unicast addresses 43-3

aggregate addresses, BGP 42-62

aggregated ports

See EtherChannel

aggregate policers 38-71

aggregate policing 1-15

aging, accelerating 20-9

aging time

accelerated

for MSTP 21-24

for STP 20-9, 20-23

MAC address table 7-14

maximum

for MSTP 21-24, 21-25

for STP 20-23, 20-24

alarms, RMON 33-3

allowed-VLAN list 15-19

application engines, redirecting traffic to 48-1

area border routers

See ABRs

area routing

IS-IS 42-67

ISO IGRP 42-67

ARP

configuring 42-11

defined 1-7, 7-24, 42-10

encapsulation 42-11

static cache configuration 42-11

table

address resolution 7-24

managing 7-24

ASBRs 42-27

AS-path filters, BGP 42-56

asymmetrical links, and IEEE 802.1Q tunneling 19-4

attributes, RADIUS

vendor-proprietary 10-36

vendor-specific 10-35

attribute-value pairs 11-20

authentication

EIGRP 42-43

HSRP 44-10

local mode with AAA 10-43

open1x 11-31

RADIUS

key 10-27

login 10-29

TACACS+

defined 10-11

key 10-13

login 10-14

See also port-based authentication

authentication failed VLAN

See restricted VLAN

authentication keys, and routing protocols 42-105

authentication manager

CLI commands 11-9

compatibility with older 802.1x CLI commands 11-9 to 11-10

overview 11-7

single session ID 11-35

authoritative time source, described 7-2

authorization

with RADIUS 10-33

with TACACS+ 10-11, 10-16

authorized ports with IEEE 802.1x 11-10

autoconfiguration 4-3

auto enablement 11-33

automatic advise (auto-advise) in switch stacks 5-13

automatic copy (auto-copy) in switch stacks 5-13

automatic discovery

considerations

beyond a noncandidate device 6-8

brand new switches 6-9

connectivity 6-5

different VLANs 6-7

management VLANs 6-7

non-CDP-capable devices 6-6

noncluster-capable devices 6-6

routed ports 6-8

in switch clusters 6-5

See also CDP

automatic extraction (auto-extract) in switch stacks 5-13

automatic QoS

See QoS

automatic recovery, clusters 6-10

See also HSRP

automatic upgrades (auto-upgrade) in switch stacks 5-12

auto-MDIX

configuring 14-33

described 14-32

autonegotiation

duplex mode 1-4

interface configuration guidelines 14-30

mismatches 52-13

autonomous system boundary routers

See ASBRs

autonomous systems, in BGP 42-50

Auto-RP, described 49-7

autosensing, port speed 1-4

autostate exclude 14-6

auxiliary VLAN

See voice VLAN

availability, features 1-9

B

BackboneFast

described 22-7

disabling 22-17

enabling 22-16

support for 1-9

backup interfaces

See Flex Links

backup links 23-2

backup static routing, configuring 47-12

banners

configuring

login 7-12

message-of-the-day login 7-11

default configuration 7-10

when displayed 7-10

Berkeley r-tools replacement 10-54

BGP

aggregate addresses 42-62

aggregate routes, configuring 42-62

CIDR 42-62

clear commands 42-65

community filtering 42-59

configuring neighbors 42-60

default configuration 42-47

described 42-47

enabling 42-50

monitoring 42-65

multipath support 42-54

neighbors, types of 42-50

path selection 42-54

peers, configuring 42-60

prefix filtering 42-58

resetting sessions 42-52

route dampening 42-64

route maps 42-56

route reflectors 42-63

routing domain confederation 42-63

routing session with multi-VRF CE 42-86

show commands 42-65

supernets 42-62

support for 1-16

Version 4 42-47

binding cluster group and HSRP group 44-12

binding database

address, DHCP server

See DHCP, Cisco IOS server database

DHCP snooping

See DHCP snooping binding database

bindings

address, Cisco IOS DHCP server 24-6

DHCP snooping database 24-6

IP source guard 24-16

binding table, DHCP snooping

See DHCP snooping binding database

blocking packets 29-7

Boolean expressions in tracked lists 47-4

booting

boot loader, function of 4-2

boot process 4-2

manually 4-19

specific image 4-20

boot loader

accessing 4-21

described 4-2

environment variables 4-21

prompt 4-21

trap-door mechanism 4-2

bootstrap router (BSR), described 49-7

Border Gateway Protocol

See BGP

BPDU

error-disabled state 22-2

filtering 22-3

RSTP format 21-12

BPDU filtering

described 22-3

disabling 22-15

enabling 22-14

support for 1-9

BPDU guard

described 22-2

disabling 22-14

enabling 22-13

support for 1-9

bridged packets, ACLs on 37-42

bridge groups

See fallback bridging

bridge protocol data unit

See BPDU

broadcast flooding 42-18

broadcast packets

directed 42-15

flooded 42-15

broadcast storm-control command 29-4

broadcast storms 29-1, 42-15

C

cables, monitoring for unidirectional links 31-1

candidate switch

automatic discovery 6-5

defined 6-4

requirements 6-4

See also command switch, cluster standby group, and member switch

CA trustpoint

configuring 10-51

defined 10-49

CDP

and trusted boundary 38-45

automatic discovery in switch clusters 6-5

configuring 28-2

default configuration 28-2

defined with LLDP 30-1

described 28-1

disabling for routing device 28-4

enabling and disabling

on an interface 28-4

on a switch 28-4

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 19-8

monitoring 28-5

overview 28-1

power negotiation extensions 14-8

support for 1-7

switch stack considerations 28-2

transmission timer and holdtime, setting 28-2

updates 28-2

CEF

defined 42-91

distributed 42-92

IPv6 43-20

CGMP

as IGMP snooping learning method 26-9

enabling server support 49-45

joining multicast group 26-3

overview 49-9

server support only 49-9

switch support of 1-5

CIDR 42-62

CipherSuites 10-50

Cisco 7960 IP Phone 17-1

Cisco Discovery Protocol

See CDP

Cisco Express Forwarding

See CEF

Cisco Group Management Protocol

See CGMP

Cisco intelligent power management 14-8

Cisco IOS DHCP server

See DHCP, Cisco IOS DHCP server

Cisco IOS File System

See IFS

Cisco IOS IP SLAs 45-2

Cisco Redundant Power System 2300

configuring 14-44

managing 14-44

Cisco Secure ACS

attribute-value pairs for downloadable ACLs 11-20

attribute-value pairs for redirect URL 11-20

Cisco StackWise Plus technology 1-3

See also stacks, switch

Cisco TrustSec

credentials 12-10

switch-to-switch security

802.1x mode 12-11

configuration example 12-13

manual mode 12-12

Cisco TrustSec Network Device Admission Control

See NDAC

CiscoWorks 2000 1-6, 35-4

CISP 11-33

CIST regional root

See MSTP

CIST root

See MSTP

civic location 30-3

classless interdomain routing

See CIDR

classless routing 42-8

class maps for QoS

configuring 38-54

described 38-8

class of service

See CoS

clearing interfaces 14-51

CLI

abbreviating commands 2-3

command modes 2-1

configuration logging 2-4

described 1-6

editing features

enabling and disabling 2-6

keystroke editing 2-7

wrapped lines 2-8

error messages 2-4

filtering command output 2-9

getting help 2-3

history

changing the buffer size 2-5

described 2-5

disabling 2-6

recalling commands 2-6

managing clusters 6-16

no and default forms of commands 2-4

Client Information Signalling Protocol

See CISP

client mode, VTP 16-3

client processes, tracking 47-1

CLNS

See ISO CLNS

clock

See system clock

clusters, switch

accessing 6-13

automatic discovery 6-5

automatic recovery 6-10

benefits 1-2

compatibility 6-4

described 6-1

LRE profile considerations 6-16

managing

through CLI 6-16

through SNMP 6-17

planning 6-4

planning considerations

automatic discovery 6-5

automatic recovery 6-10

CLI 6-16

host names 6-13

IP addresses 6-13

LRE profiles 6-16

passwords 6-14

RADIUS 6-16

SNMP 6-14, 6-17

switch stacks 6-14

TACACS+ 6-16

See also candidate switch, command switch, cluster standby group, member switch, and standby command switch

cluster standby group

and HSRP group 44-12

automatic recovery 6-12

considerations 6-11

defined 6-2

requirements 6-3

virtual IP address 6-11

See also HSRP

CNS

Configuration Engine

configID, deviceID, hostname 3-3

configuration service 3-2

described 3-1

event service 3-3

embedded agents

described 3-5

enabling automated configuration 3-6

enabling configuration agent 3-9

enabling event agent 3-8

management functions 1-6

CoA Request Commands 10-23

Coarse Wave Division Multiplexer

See CWDM SFPs

command-line interface

See CLI

command modes 2-1

commands

abbreviating 2-3

no and default 2-4

commands, setting privilege levels 10-8

command switch

accessing 6-11

active (AC) 6-10

configuration conflicts 52-12

defined 6-2

passive (PC) 6-10

password privilege levels 6-17

priority 6-10

recovery

from command-switch failure 6-10, 52-9

from lost member connectivity 52-12

redundant 6-10

replacing

with another switch 52-11

with cluster member 52-9

requirements 6-3

standby (SC) 6-10

See also candidate switch, cluster standby group, member switch, and standby command switch

common session ID

see single session ID 11-35

community list, BGP 42-59

community ports 18-2

community strings

configuring 6-14, 35-8

for cluster switches 35-4

in clusters 6-14

overview 35-4

SNMP 6-14

community VLANs 18-2, 18-3

compatibility, feature 29-12

compatibility, software

See stacks, switch

configurable leave timer, IGMP 26-6

configuration, initial

defaults 1-19

Express Setup 1-2

configuration conflicts, recovering from lost member connectivity 52-12

configuration examples, network 1-22

configuration files

archiving A-21

clearing the startup configuration A-20

creating and using, guidelines for A-10

creating using a text editor A-11

deleting a stored configuration A-20

described A-9

downloading

automatically 4-18

preparing A-11, A-14, A-17

reasons for A-9

using FTP A-14

using RCP A-18

using TFTP A-12

invalid combinations when copying A-6

limiting TFTP server access 35-17

obtaining with DHCP 4-9

password recovery disable considerations 10-5

replacing and rolling back, guidelines for A-22

replacing a running configuration A-20, A-21

rolling back a running configuration A-20, A-22

specifying the filename 4-19

system contact and location information 35-16

types and location A-10

uploading

preparing A-11, A-14, A-17

reasons for A-9

using FTP A-16

using RCP A-19

using TFTP A-13

configuration guidelines, multi-VRF CE 42-79

configuration logging 2-4

configuration replacement A-20

configuration rollback A-20, A-21

configuration settings, saving 4-16

configure terminal command 14-20

configuring multicast VRFs 42-85

configuring port-based authentication violation modes 11-42 to 11-43

configuring small-frame arrival rate 29-5

Configuring VACL Logging 37-39

conflicts, configuration 52-12

connections, secure remote 10-44

connectivity problems 52-15, 52-16, 52-18

consistency checks in VTP Version 2 16-5

console media type 14-15

console port

RJ-45 14-14

USB 14-14

console port, connecting to 2-10

content-routing technology

See WCCP

control protocol, IP SLAs 45-4

corrupted software, recovery steps with Xmodem 52-2

CoS

in Layer 2 frames 38-2

override priority 17-6

trust priority 17-6

CoS input queue threshold map for QoS 38-18

CoS output queue threshold map for QoS 38-21

CoS-to-DSCP map for QoS 38-73

counters, clearing interface 14-51

CPU utilization, troubleshooting 52-29

crashinfo file 52-24

critical authentication, IEEE 802.1x 11-55

critical VLAN 11-23

cross-stack EtherChannel

configuration guidelines 40-13

configuring

on Layer 2 interfaces 40-13

on Layer 3 physical interfaces 40-16

described 40-3

illustration 40-4

support for 1-9

cross-stack UplinkFast, STP

described 22-5

disabling 22-16

enabling 22-16

fast-convergence events 22-7

Fast Uplink Transition Protocol 22-6

normal-convergence events 22-7

support for 1-9

cryptographic software image

switch stack considerations 5-3, 5-18

customer edge devices 42-77

customizeable web pages, web-based authentication 13-6

CWDM SFPs 1-35

D

DACL

See downloadable ACL

daylight saving time 7-6

dCEF in the switch stack 42-91

debugging

enabling all system diagnostics 52-21

enabling for a specific feature 52-21

redirecting error message output 52-22

using commands 52-20

default commands 2-4

default configuration

802.1x 11-36

auto-QoS 38-24

banners 7-10

BGP 42-47

booting 4-18

CDP 28-2

DHCP 24-8

DHCP option 82 24-8

DHCP snooping 24-8

DHCP snooping binding database 24-9

DNS 7-9

dynamic ARP inspection 25-5

EIGRP 42-39

EtherChannel 40-11

Ethernet interfaces 14-28

fallback bridging 51-3

Flex Links 23-8

HSRP 44-5

IEEE 802.1Q tunneling 19-4

IGMP 49-39

IGMP filtering 26-24

IGMP snooping 26-7, 27-6

IGMP throttling 26-25

initial switch information 4-3

IP addressing, IP routing 42-6

IP multicast routing 49-11

IP SLAs 45-6

IP source guard 24-18

IPv6 43-11

IS-IS 42-68

Layer 2 interfaces 14-28

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 19-11

LLDP 30-5

MAC address table 7-14

MAC address-table move update 23-8

MSDP 50-4

MSTP 21-14

multi-VRF CE 42-79

MVR 26-20

optional spanning-tree configuration 22-12

OSPF 42-28

password and privilege level 10-2

PIM 49-11

private VLANs 18-6

RADIUS 10-27

RIP 42-21

RMON 33-3

RSPAN 32-12

SDM template 8-5

SNMP 35-6

SPAN 32-12

SSL 10-51

standard QoS 38-37

STP 20-12

switch stacks 5-24

system message logging 34-4

system name and prompt 7-8

TACACS+ 10-13

UDLD 31-4

VLAN, Layer 2 Ethernet interfaces 15-17

VLANs 15-7

VMPS 15-27

voice VLAN 17-3

VTP 16-9

WCCP 48-5

default gateway 4-15, 42-13

default networks 42-95

default router preference

See DRP

default routes 42-95

default routing 42-3

default web-based authentication configuration

802.1X 13-9

deleting VLANs 15-9

denial-of-service attack 29-1

description command 14-37

designing your network, examples 1-22

desktop template 5-11

destination-IP address-based forwarding, EtherChannel 40-9

destination-MAC address forwarding, EtherChannel 40-9

detecting indirect link failures, STP 22-8

device discovery protocol 28-1, 30-1

device manager

benefits 1-2

described 1-3, 1-6

in-band management 1-8

DHCP

Cisco IOS server database

configuring 24-14

default configuration 24-9

described 24-6

DHCP for IPv6

See DHCPv6

enabling

relay agent 24-11

server 24-10

DHCP-based autoconfiguration

client request message exchange 4-4

configuring

client side 4-4

DNS 4-8

relay device 4-8

server side 4-7

server-side 24-10

TFTP server 4-7

example 4-10

lease options

for IP address information 4-7

for receiving the configuration file 4-7

overview 4-3

relationship to BOOTP 4-4

relay support 1-7, 1-16

support for 1-7

DHCP-based autoconfiguration and image update

configuring 4-11 to 4-14

understanding 4-5 to 4-6

DHCP binding database

See DHCP snooping binding database

DHCP binding table

See DHCP snooping binding database

DHCP object tracking, configuring primary interface 47-11

DHCP option 82

circuit ID suboption 24-5

configuration guidelines 24-9

default configuration 24-8

displaying 24-16

forwarding address, specifying 24-11

helper address 24-11

overview 24-3

packet format, suboption

circuit ID 24-5

remote ID 24-5

remote ID suboption 24-5

DHCP server port-based address allocation

configuration guidelines 24-27

default configuration 24-27

described 24-26

displaying 24-29, 25-12

enabling 24-27

reserved addresses 24-28

DHCP snooping

accepting untrusted packets form edge switch 24-3, 24-13

and private VLANs 24-14

binding database

See DHCP snooping binding database

configuration guidelines 24-9

default configuration 24-8

message exchange process 24-4

option 82 data insertion 24-3

trusted interface 24-2

untrusted interface 24-2

untrusted messages 24-2

DHCP snooping binding database

adding bindings 24-15

binding file

format 24-7

location 24-6

bindings 24-6

clearing agent statistics 24-15

configuration guidelines 24-9

configuring 24-15

default configuration 24-8, 24-9

deleting

binding file 24-15

bindings 24-15

database agent 24-15

described 24-6

enabling 24-15

entry 24-6

renewing database 24-15

resetting

delay value 24-15

timeout value 24-15

DHCP snooping binding table

See DHCP snooping binding database

DHCPv6

configuration guidelines 43-16

default configuration 43-16

described 43-6

enabling client function 43-18

enabling DHCPv6 server function 43-16

diagnostic schedule command 53-2

Differentiated Services architecture, QoS 38-2

Differentiated Services Code Point 38-2

Diffusing Update Algorithm (DUAL) 42-37

directed unicast requests 1-7

directories

changing A-4

creating and removing A-5

displaying the working A-4

discovery, clusters

See automatic discovery

Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol

See DVMRP

distance-vector protocols 42-3

distribute-list command 42-104

DNS

and DHCP-based autoconfiguration 4-8

default configuration 7-9

displaying the configuration 7-10

in IPv6 43-4

overview 7-8

setting up 7-9

support for 1-7

DNS-based SSM mapping 49-18, 49-20

domain names

DNS 7-8

VTP 16-9

Domain Name System

See DNS

domains, ISO IGRP routing 42-67

dot1q-tunnel switchport mode 15-16

double-tagged packets

IEEE 802.1Q tunneling 19-2

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 19-10

downloadable ACL 11-18, 11-20, 11-63

downloading

configuration files

preparing A-11, A-14, A-17

reasons for A-9

using FTP A-14

using RCP A-18

using TFTP A-12

image files

deleting old image A-30

preparing A-28, A-31, A-36

reasons for A-25

using CMS 1-3

using FTP A-32

using HTTP 1-3, A-25

using RCP A-37

using TFTP A-28

using the device manager or Network Assistant A-25

drop threshold for Layer 2 protocol packets 19-11

DRP

configuring 43-14

described 43-4

IPv6 43-4

DSCP 1-14, 38-2

DSCP input queue threshold map for QoS 38-18

DSCP output queue threshold map for QoS 38-21

DSCP-to-CoS map for QoS 38-76

DSCP-to-DSCP-mutation map for QoS 38-77

DSCP transparency 38-46

DTP 1-10, 15-15

dual-action detection 40-6

DUAL finite state machine, EIGRP 42-38

dual IPv4 and IPv6 templates 8-2, 43-6

dual protocol stacks

IPv4 and IPv6 43-6

SDM templates supporting 43-6

DVMRP

autosummarization

configuring a summary address 49-59

disabling 49-61

connecting PIM domain to DVMRP router 49-51

enabling unicast routing 49-54

interoperability

with Cisco devices 49-49

with Cisco IOS software 49-9

mrinfo requests, responding to 49-54

neighbors

advertising the default route to 49-53

discovery with Probe messages 49-49

displaying information 49-54

prevent peering with nonpruning 49-57

rejecting nonpruning 49-55

overview 49-9

routes

adding a metric offset 49-62

advertising all 49-61

advertising the default route to neighbors 49-53

caching DVMRP routes learned in report messages 49-55

changing the threshold for syslog messages 49-58

favoring one over another 49-62

limiting the number injected into MBONE 49-58

limiting unicast route advertisements 49-49

routing table 49-9

source distribution tree, building 49-9

support for 1-16

tunnels

configuring 49-51

displaying neighbor information 49-54

dynamic access ports

characteristics 15-3

configuring 15-28

defined 14-3

dynamic addresses

See addresses

dynamic ARP inspection

ARP cache poisoning 25-1

ARP requests, described 25-1

ARP spoofing attack 25-1

clearing

log buffer 25-15

statistics 25-15

configuration guidelines 25-6

configuring

ACLs for non-DHCP environments 25-9

in DHCP environments 25-7

log buffer 25-13

rate limit for incoming ARP packets 25-4, 25-10

default configuration 25-5

denial-of-service attacks, preventing 25-10

described 25-1

DHCP snooping binding database 25-2

displaying

statistics 25-15

error-disabled state for exceeding rate limit 25-4

function of 25-2

interface trust states 25-3

log buffer

clearing 25-15

configuring 25-13

logging of dropped packets, described 25-5

man-in-the middle attack, described 25-2

network security issues and interface trust states 25-3

priority of ARP ACLs and DHCP snooping entries 25-4

rate limiting of ARP packets

configuring 25-10

described 25-4

error-disabled state 25-4

statistics

clearing 25-15

displaying 25-15

validation checks, performing 25-12

dynamic auto trunking mode 15-16

dynamic desirable trunking mode 15-16

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

See DHCP-based autoconfiguration

dynamic port VLAN membership

described 15-26

reconfirming 15-29

troubleshooting 15-31

types of connections 15-29

dynamic routing 42-3

ISO CLNS 42-66

Dynamic Trunking Protocol

See DTP

E

EBGP 42-46

editing features

enabling and disabling 2-6

keystrokes used 2-7

wrapped lines 2-8

EEM 3.2 36-5

EIGRP

authentication 42-43

components 42-38

configuring 42-41

default configuration 42-39

definition 42-37

interface parameters, configuring 42-42

monitoring 42-45

stub routing 42-44

support for 1-16

EIGRP IPv6 43-8

elections

See stack master

ELIN location 30-3

embedded event manager

3.2 36-5

actions 36-4

configuring 36-1, 36-6

displaying information 36-8

environmental variables 36-5

event detectors 36-3

policies 36-4

registering and defining an applet 36-6

registering and defining a TCL script 36-7

understanding 36-1

enable password 10-3

enable secret password 10-3

encryption, CipherSuite 10-50

encryption for passwords 10-3

encryption keying 12-2

encryption keys, MKA 12-2

Enhanced IGRP

See EIGRP

enhanced object tracking

backup static routing 47-12

defined 47-1

DHCP primary interface 47-11

HSRP 47-7

IP routing state 47-2

IP SLAs 47-9

line-protocol state 47-2

network monitoring with IP SLAs 47-11

routing policy, configuring 47-12

static route primary interface 47-10

tracked lists 47-3

enhanced object tracking static routing 47-10

environmental variables, embedded event manager 36-5

environment variables, function of 4-22

equal-cost routing 1-16, 42-93

error-disabled state, BPDU 22-2

error messages during command entry 2-4

EtherChannel

automatic creation of 40-5, 40-7

channel groups

binding physical and logical interfaces 40-4

numbering of 40-4

configuration guidelines 40-12

configuring

Layer 2 interfaces 40-13

Layer 3 physical interfaces 40-16

Layer 3 port-channel logical interfaces 40-15

default configuration 40-11

described 40-2

displaying status 40-22

forwarding methods 40-8, 40-18

IEEE 802.3ad, described 40-7

interaction

with STP 40-12

with VLANs 40-12

LACP

described 40-7

displaying status 40-22

hot-standby ports 40-20

interaction with other features 40-8

modes 40-7

port priority 40-22

system priority 40-21

Layer 3 interface 42-5

load balancing 40-8, 40-18

logical interfaces, described 40-4

PAgP

aggregate-port learners 40-19

described 40-5

displaying status 40-22

interaction with other features 40-7

interaction with virtual switches 40-6

learn method and priority configuration 40-19

modes 40-6

support for 1-5

with dual-action detection 40-6

port-channel interfaces

described 40-4

numbering of 40-4

port groups 14-6

stack changes, effects of 40-10

support for 1-5

EtherChannel guard

described 22-10

disabling 22-17

enabling 22-17

Ethernet management port

active link 14-25

and routing 14-25

and routing protocols 14-25

and TFTP 14-27

configuring 14-27

connecting to 2-10

default setting 14-25

described 14-24

for network management 14-24

specifying 14-27

supported features 14-26

unsupported features 14-27

Ethernet management port, internal

and routing 14-25

and routing protocols 14-25

unsupported features 14-27

Ethernet VLANs

adding 15-8

defaults and ranges 15-7

modifying 15-8

EUI 43-3

event detectors, embedded event manager 36-3

events, RMON 33-3

examples

network configuration 1-22

expedite queue for QoS 38-89

Express Setup 1-2

See also getting started guide

extended crashinfo file 52-24

extended-range VLANs

configuration guidelines 15-11

configuring 15-10

creating 15-12

creating with an internal VLAN ID 15-13

defined 15-1

extended system ID

MSTP 21-18

STP 20-4, 20-16

extended universal identifier

See EUI

Extensible Authentication Protocol over LAN 11-2

external BGP

See EBGP

external neighbors, BGP 42-50

F

Fa0 port

See Ethernet management port

failover support 1-9

fallback bridging

and protected ports 51-4

bridge groups

creating 51-4

described 51-2

function of 51-2

number supported 51-4

removing 51-5

configuration guidelines 51-4

connecting interfaces with 14-14

default configuration 51-3

described 51-1

frame forwarding

flooding packets 51-2

forwarding packets 51-2

overview 51-1

protocol, unsupported 51-4

stack changes, effects of 51-3

STP

disabling on an interface 51-9

forward-delay interval 51-8

hello BPDU interval 51-8

interface priority 51-6

keepalive messages 20-2

maximum-idle interval 51-9

path cost 51-7

VLAN-bridge spanning-tree priority 51-6

VLAN-bridge STP 51-2

support for 1-16

SVIs and routed ports 51-1

unsupported protocols 51-4

VLAN-bridge STP 20-11

Fast Convergence 23-3

fastethernet0 port

See Ethernet management port

Fast Uplink Transition Protocol 22-6

features, incompatible 29-12

FIB 42-92

fiber-optic, detecting unidirectional links 31-1

files

basic crashinfo

description 52-25

location 52-25

copying A-5

crashinfo, description 52-24

deleting A-6

displaying the contents of A-8

extended crashinfo

description 52-25

location 52-25

tar

creating A-7

displaying the contents of A-7

extracting A-8

image file format A-26

file system

displaying available file systems A-2

displaying file information A-3

local file system names A-1

network file system names A-5

setting the default A-3

filtering

in a VLAN 37-32

IPv6 traffic 39-4, 39-7

non-IP traffic 37-29

show and more command output 2-9

filtering show and more command output 2-9

filters, IP

See ACLs, IP

flash device, number of A-1

flexible authentication ordering

configuring 11-66

overview 11-31

Flexible NetFlow

components 46-1

configuring a flow monitor 46-6

configuring flow records 46-3

configuring the exported 46-3

configuring the exporter 46-5

interface configuration 46-7

purpose 46-1

sampling 46-9

unsupported features 46-2

Flex Link Multicast Fast Convergence 23-3

Flex Links

configuring 23-8, 23-9

configuring preferred VLAN 23-11

configuring VLAN load balancing 23-10

default configuration 23-8

description 23-1

link load balancing 23-2

monitoring 23-14

VLANs 23-2

flooded traffic, blocking 29-8

flow-based packet classification 1-14

flowcharts

QoS classification 38-7

QoS egress queueing and scheduling 38-19

QoS ingress queueing and scheduling 38-16

QoS policing and marking 38-11

flowcontrol

configuring 14-32

described 14-31

forward-delay time

MSTP 21-24

STP 20-23

Forwarding Information Base

See FIB

forwarding nonroutable protocols 51-1

FTP

configuration files

downloading A-14

overview A-13

preparing the server A-14

uploading A-16

image files

deleting old image A-34

downloading A-32

preparing the server A-31

uploading A-34

G

general query 23-5

Generating IGMP Reports 23-3

get-next-request operation 35-4

get-request operation 35-4

Gigabit modules

See SFPs

global leave, IGMP 26-13

guest VLAN and IEEE 802.1x 11-21

guide mode 1-3

GUIs

See device manager and Network Assistant

H

hardware limitations and Layer 3 interfaces 14-39

hello time

MSTP 21-23

STP 20-22

help, for the command line 2-3

hierarchical policy maps 38-9

configuration guidelines 38-40

configuring 38-63

described 38-12

history

changing the buffer size 2-5

described 2-5

disabling 2-6

recalling commands 2-6

history table, level and number of syslog messages 34-10

host modes, MACsec 12-4

host names in clusters 6-13

host ports

configuring 18-11

kinds of 18-2

hosts, limit on dynamic ports 15-31

Hot Standby Router Protocol

See HSRP

HP OpenView 1-6

HSRP

authentication string 44-10

automatic cluster recovery 6-12

binding to cluster group 44-12

cluster standby group considerations 6-11

command-switch redundancy 1-2, 1-9

configuring 44-5

default configuration 44-5

definition 44-1

guidelines 44-6

monitoring 44-13

object tracking 47-7

overview 44-1

priority 44-8

routing redundancy 1-15

support for ICMP redirect messages 44-12

switch stack considerations 44-5

timers 44-10

tracking 44-8

See also clusters, cluster standby group, and standby command switch

HSRP for IPv6

configuring 43-26

guidelines 43-25

HTTP(S) Over IPv6 43-9

HTTP over SSL

see HTTPS

HTTPS

configuring 10-52

described 10-48

self-signed certificate 10-49

HTTP secure server 10-48

I

IBPG 42-46

ICMP

IPv6 43-4

redirect messages 42-13

support for 1-16

time-exceeded messages 52-18

traceroute and 52-18

unreachable messages 37-22

unreachable messages and IPv6 39-4

unreachables and ACLs 37-23

ICMP Echo operation

configuring 45-11

IP SLAs 45-11

ICMP ping

executing 52-15

overview 52-15

ICMP Router Discovery Protocol

See IRDP

ICMPv6 43-4

IDS appliances

and ingress RSPAN 32-22

and ingress SPAN 32-15

IEEE 802.1D

See STP

IEEE 802.1p 17-1

IEEE 802.1Q

and trunk ports 14-4

configuration limitations 15-17

encapsulation 15-15

native VLAN for untagged traffic 15-21

tunneling

compatibility with other features 19-6

defaults 19-4

described 19-1

tunnel ports with other features 19-6

IEEE 802.1s

See MSTP

IEEE 802.1w

See RSTP

IEEE 802.1x

See port-based authentication

IEEE 802.3ad

See EtherChannel

IEEE 802.3af

See PoE

IEEE 802.3x flow control 14-31

ifIndex values, SNMP 35-5

IFS 1-7

IGMP

configurable leave timer

described 26-6

enabling 26-11

configuring the switch

as a member of a group 49-39

statically connected member 49-44

controlling access to groups 49-40

default configuration 49-39

fast switching 49-44

flooded multicast traffic

controlling the length of time 26-12

disabling on an interface 26-13

global leave 26-13

query solicitation 26-13

recovering from flood mode 26-13

host-query interval, modifying 49-42

joining multicast group 26-3

join messages 26-3

leave processing, enabling 26-11, 27-9

leaving multicast group 26-5

multicast reachability 49-39

overview 49-3

queries 26-4

report suppression

described 26-6

disabling 26-16, 27-11

supported versions 26-3

support for 1-5

Version 1

changing to Version 2 49-41

described 49-3

Version 2

changing to Version 1 49-41

described 49-3

maximum query response time value 49-43

pruning groups 49-43

query timeout value 49-42

IGMP filtering

configuring 26-25

default configuration 26-24

described 26-24

support for 1-5

IGMP groups

configuring filtering 26-27

setting the maximum number 26-27

IGMP helper 49-6

IGMP Immediate Leave

configuration guidelines 26-11

described 26-6

enabling 26-11

IGMP profile

applying 26-26

configuration mode 26-25

configuring 26-25

IGMP snooping

and address aliasing 26-2

and stack changes 26-7

configuring 26-7

default configuration 26-7, 27-6

definition 26-2

enabling and disabling 26-8, 27-7

global configuration 26-8

Immediate Leave 26-6

in the switch stack 26-7

method 26-8

monitoring 26-16, 27-12

querier

configuration guidelines 26-14

configuring 26-14

supported versions 26-3

support for 1-5

VLAN configuration 26-8

IGMP throttling

configuring 26-27

default configuration 26-25

described 26-24

displaying action 26-29

IGP 42-27

Immediate Leave, IGMP

described 26-6

enabling 27-9

inaccessible authentication bypass

802.1x 11-23

support for multiauth ports 11-23

initial configuration

defaults 1-19

Express Setup 1-2

interface

number 14-19

range macros 14-22

interface command 14-19 to 14-20

interfaces

auto-MDIX, configuring 14-32

configuring

procedure 14-20

counters, clearing 14-51

default configuration 14-28

described 14-37

descriptive name, adding 14-37

displaying information about 14-50

duplex and speed configuration guidelines 14-29

flow control 14-31

management 1-6

monitoring 14-49

naming 14-37

physical, identifying 14-19

range of 14-20

restarting 14-51, 14-52

shutting down 14-51

speed and duplex, configuring 14-30

status 14-49

supported 14-18

types of 14-1

interfaces range macro command 14-22

interface types 14-19

Interior Gateway Protocol

See IGP

internal BGP

See IBGP

internal neighbors, BGP 42-50

internal power supplies

See power supplies

Internet Control Message Protocol

See ICMP

Internet Group Management Protocol

See IGMP

Internet Protocol version 6

See IPv6

Inter-Switch Link

See ISL

inter-VLAN routing 1-16, 42-2

Intrusion Detection System

See IDS appliances

inventory management TLV 30-3

IP ACLs

for QoS classification 38-7

implicit deny 37-11, 37-15

implicit masks 37-11

named 37-16

undefined 37-23

IP addresses

128-bit 43-2

candidate or member 6-4, 6-13

classes of 42-7

cluster access 6-2

command switch 6-3, 6-11, 6-13

default configuration 42-6

discovering 7-24

for IP routing 42-6

IPv6 43-2

MAC address association 42-10

monitoring 42-19

redundant clusters 6-11

standby command switch 6-11, 6-13

See also IP information

IP base feature set 1-2

IP base software image 1-1

IP broadcast address 42-17

ip cef distributed command 42-92

IP directed broadcasts 42-15

ip igmp profile command 26-25

IP information

assigned

manually 4-15

through DHCP-based autoconfiguration 4-3

default configuration 4-3

IP multicast routing

addresses

all-hosts 49-3

all-multicast-routers 49-3

host group address range 49-3

administratively-scoped boundaries, described 49-47

and IGMP snooping 26-2

Auto-RP

adding to an existing sparse-mode cloud 49-26

benefits of 49-26

configuration guidelines 49-12

filtering incoming RP announcement messages 49-28

overview 49-7

preventing candidate RP spoofing 49-28

preventing join messages to false RPs 49-28

setting up in a new internetwork 49-26

using with BSR 49-34

bootstrap router

configuration guidelines 49-12

configuring candidate BSRs 49-32

configuring candidate RPs 49-33

defining the IP multicast boundary 49-31

defining the PIM domain border 49-30

overview 49-7

using with Auto-RP 49-34

Cisco implementation 49-2

configuring

basic multicast routing 49-12

IP multicast boundary 49-47

default configuration 49-11

enabling

PIM mode 49-13

group-to-RP mappings

Auto-RP 49-7

BSR 49-7

MBONE

described 49-46

enabling sdr listener support 49-46

limiting DVMRP routes advertised 49-58

limiting sdr cache entry lifetime 49-46

SAP packets for conference session announcement 49-46

Session Directory (sdr) tool, described 49-46

multicast forwarding, described 49-8

PIMv1 and PIMv2 interoperability 49-11

protocol interaction 49-2

reverse path check (RPF) 49-8

RP

assigning manually 49-24

configuring Auto-RP 49-26

configuring PIMv2 BSR 49-30

monitoring mapping information 49-35

using Auto-RP and BSR 49-34

stacking

stack master functions 49-10

stack member functions 49-10

statistics, displaying system and network 49-63

See also CGMP

See also DVMRP

See also IGMP

See also PIM

IP phones

and QoS 17-1

automatic classification and queueing 38-23

configuring 17-4

ensuring port security with QoS 38-45

trusted boundary for QoS 38-45

IP Port Security for Static Hosts

on a Layer 2 access port 24-20

on a PVLAN host port 24-24

IP precedence 38-2

IP-precedence-to-DSCP map for QoS 38-74

IP protocols

routing 1-15

IP routes, monitoring 42-106

IP routing

connecting interfaces with 14-14

disabling 42-20

enabling 42-20

IP Service Level Agreements

See IP SLAs

IP service levels, analyzing 45-1

IP services feature set 1-2

IP SLAs

benefits 45-2

configuration guidelines 45-6

configuring object tracking 47-9

Control Protocol 45-4

default configuration 45-6

definition 45-1

ICMP echo operation 45-11

measuring network performance 45-3

monitoring 45-13

multioperations scheduling 45-5

object tracking 47-9

operation 45-3

reachability tracking 47-9

responder

described 45-4

enabling 45-7

response time 45-4

scheduling 45-5

SNMP support 45-2

supported metrics 45-2

threshold monitoring 45-6

track object monitoring agent, configuring 47-11

track state 47-9

UDP jitter operation 45-8

IP source guard

and 802.1x 24-19

and DHCP snooping 24-16

and EtherChannels 24-19

and port security 24-19

and private VLANs 24-19

and routed ports 24-18

and TCAM entries 24-19

and trunk interfaces 24-18

and VRF 24-19

binding configuration

automatic 24-16

manual 24-16

binding table 24-16

configuration guidelines 24-18

default configuration 24-18

described 24-16

disabling 24-20

displaying

bindings 24-26

configuration 24-26

enabling 24-19, 24-21

filtering

source IP address 24-17

source IP and MAC address 24-17

source IP address filtering 24-17

source IP and MAC address filtering 24-17

static bindings

adding 24-19, 24-21

deleting 24-20

static hosts 24-21

IP traceroute

executing 52-18

overview 52-18

IP unicast routing

address resolution 42-10

administrative distances 42-94, 42-104

ARP 42-10

assigning IP addresses to Layer 3 interfaces 42-7

authentication keys 42-105

broadcast

address 42-17

flooding 42-18

packets 42-15

storms 42-15

classless routing 42-8

configuring static routes 42-94

default

addressing configuration 42-6

gateways 42-13

networks 42-95

routes 42-95

routing 42-3

directed broadcasts 42-15

disabling 42-20

dynamic routing 42-3

enabling 42-20

EtherChannel Layer 3 interface 42-5

IGP 42-27

inter-VLAN 42-2

IP addressing

classes 42-7

configuring 42-6

IPv6 43-3

IRDP 42-13

Layer 3 interfaces 42-5

MAC address and IP address 42-10

passive interfaces 42-103

protocols

distance-vector 42-3

dynamic 42-3

link-state 42-3

proxy ARP 42-10

redistribution 42-96

reverse address resolution 42-10

routed ports 42-5

static routing 42-3

steps to configure 42-5

subnet mask 42-7

subnet zero 42-8

supernet 42-8

UDP 42-16

unicast reverse path forwarding 1-16, 42-91

with SVIs 42-5

See also BGP

See also EIGRP

See also OSPF

See also RIP

IPv4 ACLs

applying to interfaces 37-21

extended, creating 37-11

named 37-16

standard, creating 37-10

IPv6

ACLs

displaying 39-8

limitations 39-3

matching criteria 39-3

port 39-2

precedence 39-2

router 39-2

supported 39-2

addresses 43-2

address formats 43-2

and switch stacks 43-10

applications 43-5

assigning address 43-12

autoconfiguration 43-5

CEFv6 43-20

default configuration 43-11

default router preference (DRP) 43-4

defined 43-1

Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP) IPv6 43-8

EIGRP IPv6 Commands 43-8

Router ID 43-8

feature limitations 43-10

features not supported 43-9

forwarding 43-12

ICMP 43-4

monitoring 43-28

neighbor discovery 43-4

OSPF 43-7

path MTU discovery 43-4

SDM templates 8-3, 27-1, 39-1

stack master functions 43-11

Stateless Autoconfiguration 43-5

supported features 43-3

switch limitations 43-9

understanding static routes 43-7

IPv6 traffic, filtering 39-4

IRDP

configuring 42-14

definition 42-13

support for 1-16

IS-IS

addresses 42-67

area routing 42-67

default configuration 42-68

monitoring 42-76

show commands 42-76

system routing 42-67

ISL

and IPv6 43-3

and trunk ports 14-4

encapsulation 1-10, 15-15

trunking with IEEE 802.1 tunneling 19-5

ISO CLNS

clear commands 42-76

dynamic routing protocols 42-66

monitoring 42-76

NETs 42-66

NSAPs 42-66

OSI standard 42-66

ISO IGRP

area routing 42-67

system routing 42-67

isolated port 18-2

isolated VLANs 18-2, 18-3

J

join messages, IGMP 26-3

K

KDC

described 10-39

See also Kerberos

keepalive messages 20-2

Kerberos

authenticating to

boundary switch 10-41

KDC 10-41

network services 10-42

configuration examples 10-39

configuring 10-42

credentials 10-39

described 10-39

KDC 10-39

operation 10-41

realm 10-40

server 10-41

support for 1-13

switch as trusted third party 10-39

terms 10-40

TGT 10-41

tickets 10-39

key distribution center

See KDC

L

l2protocol-tunnel command 19-13

LACP

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 19-9

See EtherChannel

Layer 2 frames, classification with CoS 38-2

Layer 2 interfaces, default configuration 14-28

Layer 2 protocol tunneling

configuring 19-10

configuring for EtherChannels 19-14

default configuration 19-11

defined 19-8

guidelines 19-12

Layer 2 traceroute

and ARP 52-17

and CDP 52-17

broadcast traffic 52-16

described 52-16

IP addresses and subnets 52-17

MAC addresses and VLANs 52-17

multicast traffic 52-17

multiple devices on a port 52-17

unicast traffic 52-16

usage guidelines 52-17

Layer 3 features 1-15

Layer 3 interfaces

assigning IP addresses to 42-7

assigning IPv4 and IPv6 addresses to 43-15

assigning IPv6 addresses to 43-12

changing from Layer 2 mode 42-82

types of 42-5

Layer 3 packets, classification methods 38-2

LDAP 3-2

Leaking IGMP Reports 23-4

LEDs, switch

See hardware installation guide

Lightweight Directory Access Protocol

See LDAP

Link Aggregation Control Protocol

See EtherChannel

Link Failure, detecting unidirectional 21-7

Link Layer Discovery Protocol

See CDP

link local unicast addresses 43-4

link redundancy

See Flex Links

links, unidirectional 31-1

link state advertisements (LSAs) 42-33

link-state protocols 42-3

link-state tracking

configuring 40-25

described 40-23

LLDP

configuring 30-5

characteristics 30-6

default configuration 30-5

enabling 30-6

monitoring and maintaining 30-11

overview 30-1

supported TLVs 30-2

switch stack considerations 30-2

transmission timer and holdtime, setting 30-6

LLDP-MED

configuring

procedures 30-5

TLVs 30-7

monitoring and maintaining 30-11

overview 30-1, 30-2

supported TLVs 30-2

LLDP Media Endpoint Discovery

See LLDP-MED

load balancing 44-4

local SPAN 32-2

location TLV 30-3

logging messages, ACL 37-9

login authentication

with RADIUS 10-29

with TACACS+ 10-14

login banners 7-10

log messages

See system message logging

Long-Reach Ethernet (LRE) technology 1-34

loop guard

described 22-11

enabling 22-18

support for 1-9

LRE profiles, considerations in switch clusters 6-16

M

MAC/PHY configuration status TLV 30-2

MAC addresses

aging time 7-14

and VLAN association 7-13

building the address table 7-13

default configuration 7-14

disabling learning on a VLAN 7-23

discovering 7-24

displaying 7-23

displaying in the IP source binding table 24-26

dynamic

learning 7-13

removing 7-15

in ACLs 37-29

IP address association 42-10

static

adding 7-20

allowing 7-22, 7-23

characteristics of 7-20

dropping 7-21

removing 7-20

MAC address learning 1-7

MAC address learning, disabling on a VLAN 7-23

MAC address notification, support for 1-17

MAC address-table move update

configuration guidelines 23-8

configuring 23-12

default configuration 23-8

description 23-6

monitoring 23-14

MAC address-to-VLAN mapping 15-26

MAC authentication bypass 11-15

MAC extended access lists

applying to Layer 2 interfaces 37-31

configuring for QoS 38-53

creating 37-29

defined 37-29

for QoS classification 38-5

MACSec

802.1AE Tagging 12-9

MACsec 12-2

and stacking 12-3

configuring on an interface 12-7

defined 12-1, 12-2

switch-to-switch security 12-1

MACsec Key Agreement Protocol

See MKA

magic packet 11-28

manageability features 1-7

management access

in-band

browser session 1-8

CLI session 1-8

device manager 1-8

SNMP 1-8

out-of-band console port connection 1-8

management address TLV 30-2

management options

CLI 2-1

clustering 1-4

CNS 3-1

Network Assistant 1-3

overview 1-6

switch stacks 1-3

management VLAN

considerations in switch clusters 6-7

discovery through different management VLANs 6-7

mapping tables for QoS

configuring

CoS-to-DSCP 38-73

DSCP 38-73

DSCP-to-CoS 38-76

DSCP-to-DSCP-mutation 38-77

IP-precedence-to-DSCP 38-74

policed-DSCP 38-75

described 38-13

marking

action in policy map 38-58

action with aggregate policers 38-71

described 38-4, 38-9

matching IPv4 ACLs 37-8

maximum aging time

MSTP 21-24

STP 20-23

maximum hop count, MSTP 21-25

maximum number of allowed devices, port-based authentication 11-40

maximum-paths command 42-54, 42-93

MDA

configuration guidelines 11-31 to 11-32

described 1-11, 11-31

exceptions with authentication process 11-4

Media Access Control Security

See MACsec

membership mode, VLAN port 15-3

member switch

automatic discovery 6-5

defined 6-2

managing 6-16

passwords 6-13

recovering from lost connectivity 52-12

requirements 6-4

See also candidate switch, cluster standby group, and standby command switch

messages, to users through banners 7-10

metrics, in BGP 42-54

metric translations, between routing protocols 42-99

metro tags 19-2

MHSRP 44-4

MIBs

overview 35-1

SNMP interaction with 35-4

mini-point-of-presence

See POP

mini-type USB console port 14-14

mirroring traffic for analysis 32-1

mismatches, autonegotiation 52-13

MKA

configuring policies 12-6

defined 12-2

policies 12-2

replay protection 12-3

statistics 12-5

virtual ports 12-3

module number 14-19

monitoring

access groups 37-44

BGP 42-65

cables for unidirectional links 31-1

CDP 28-5

CEF 42-92

EIGRP 42-45

fallback bridging 51-10

features 1-17

Flex Links 23-14

HSRP 44-13

IEEE 802.1Q tunneling 19-18

IGMP

snooping 26-16, 27-12

interfaces 14-49

IP

address tables 42-19

multicast routing 49-63

routes 42-106

IP SLAs operations 45-13

IPv4 ACL configuration 37-44

IPv6 43-28

IPv6 ACL configuration 39-8

IS-IS 42-76

ISO CLNS 42-76

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 19-18

MAC address-table move update 23-14

MSDP peers 50-19

multicast router interfaces 26-17

multi-VRF CE 42-90

network traffic for analysis with probe 32-2

object tracking 47-12

OSPF 42-37

private VLANs 18-15

RP mapping information 49-35

SFP status 52-14

source-active messages 50-19

speed and duplex mode 14-31

SSM mapping 49-22

traffic flowing among switches 33-1

traffic suppression 29-21

tunneling 19-18

VLAN

filters 37-45

maps 37-45

VLANs 15-14

VMPS 15-30

VTP 16-18

mrouter Port 23-3

mrouter port 23-5

MSDP

benefits of 50-3

clearing MSDP connections and statistics 50-19

controlling source information

forwarded by switch 50-12

originated by switch 50-8

received by switch 50-14

default configuration 50-4

dense-mode regions

sending SA messages to 50-17

specifying the originating address 50-18

filtering

incoming SA messages 50-14

SA messages to a peer 50-12

SA requests from a peer 50-11

join latency, defined 50-6

meshed groups

configuring 50-16

defined 50-16

originating address, changing 50-18

overview 50-1

peer-RPF flooding 50-2

peers

configuring a default 50-4

monitoring 50-19

peering relationship, overview 50-1

requesting source information from 50-8

shutting down 50-16

source-active messages

caching 50-6

defined 50-2

filtering from a peer 50-11

filtering incoming 50-14

filtering to a peer 50-12

limiting data with TTL 50-14

restricting advertised sources 50-9

support for 1-16

MSTP

boundary ports

configuration guidelines 21-16

described 21-6

BPDU filtering

described 22-3

enabling 22-14

BPDU guard

described 22-2

enabling 22-13

CIST, described 21-3

CIST regional root 21-3

CIST root 21-5

configuration guidelines 21-15, 22-12

configuring

forward-delay time 21-24

hello time 21-23

link type for rapid convergence 21-25

maximum aging time 21-24

maximum hop count 21-25

MST region 21-16

neighbor type 21-26

path cost 21-21

port priority 21-20

root switch 21-18

secondary root switch 21-19

switch priority 21-22

CST

defined 21-3

operations between regions 21-3

default configuration 21-14

default optional feature configuration 22-12

displaying status 21-27

enabling the mode 21-16

EtherChannel guard

described 22-10

enabling 22-17

extended system ID

effects on root switch 21-18

effects on secondary root switch 21-19

unexpected behavior 21-18

IEEE 802.1s

implementation 21-6

port role naming change 21-6

terminology 21-5

instances supported 20-10

interface state, blocking to forwarding 22-2

interoperability and compatibility among modes 20-10

interoperability with IEEE 802.1D

described 21-8

restarting migration process 21-26

IST

defined 21-2

master 21-3

operations within a region 21-3

loop guard

described 22-11

enabling 22-18

mapping VLANs to MST instance 21-17

MST region

CIST 21-3

configuring 21-16

described 21-2

hop-count mechanism 21-5

IST 21-2

supported spanning-tree instances 21-2

optional features supported 1-9

overview 21-2

Port Fast

described 22-2

enabling 22-12

preventing root switch selection 22-10

root guard

described 22-10

enabling 22-18

root switch

configuring 21-18

effects of extended system ID 21-18

unexpected behavior 21-18

shutdown Port Fast-enabled port 22-2

stack changes, effects of 21-8

status, displaying 21-27

MTU

system 14-41

system jumbo 14-41

system routing 14-41

multiauth

support for inaccessible authentication bypass 11-23

multiauth mode

See multiple-authentication mode

multicast groups

Immediate Leave 26-6

joining 26-3

leaving 26-5

static joins 26-10, 27-8

multicast packets

ACLs on 37-43

blocking 29-8

multicast router interfaces, monitoring 26-17

multicast router ports, adding 26-9, 27-8

Multicast Source Discovery Protocol

See MSDP

multicast storm 29-1

multicast storm-control command 29-4

multicast television application 26-18

multicast VLAN 26-17

Multicast VLAN Registration

See MVR

multidomain authentication

See MDA

multioperations scheduling, IP SLAs 45-5

multiple authentication 11-12

Multiple HSRP

See MHSRP

multiple VPN routing/forwarding in customer edge devices

See multi-VRF CE

multi-VRF CE

configuration example 42-87

configuration guidelines 42-79

configuring 42-79

default configuration 42-79

defined 42-76

displaying 42-90

monitoring 42-90

network components 42-79

packet-forwarding process 42-78

support for 1-16

MVR

and address aliasing 26-20

and IGMPv3 26-21

configuring interfaces 26-22

default configuration 26-20

described 26-17

example application 26-18

in the switch stack 26-20

modes 26-21

multicast television application 26-18

setting global parameters 26-21

support for 1-5

N

NAC

AAA down policy 1-13

critical authentication 11-23, 11-55

IEEE 802.1x authentication using a RADIUS server 11-60

IEEE 802.1x validation using RADIUS server 11-60

inaccessible authentication bypass 1-12, 11-55

Layer 2 IEEE 802.1x validation 1-12, 11-60

Layer 2 IP validation 1-12

named IPv4 ACLs 37-16

named IPv6 ACLs 39-3

NameSpace Mapper

See NSM

native VLAN

and IEEE 802.1Q tunneling 19-4

configuring 15-21

default 15-21

NDAC 12-9

defined 12-9

MACsec 12-1

NEAT

configuring 11-61

overview 11-33

neighbor discovery, IPv6 43-4

neighbor discovery/recovery, EIGRP 42-38

neighbors, BGP 42-60

Network Admission Control

See NAC

Network Assistant

benefits 1-2

described 1-6

downloading image files 1-3

guide mode 1-3

management options 1-3

managing switch stacks 5-3, 5-17

upgrading a switch A-25

wizards 1-3

network configuration examples

cost-effective wiring closet 1-24

high-performance wiring closet 1-25

increasing network performance 1-22

large network 1-31

long-distance, high-bandwidth transport 1-35

multidwelling network 1-34

providing network services 1-23

redundant Gigabit backbone 1-27

server aggregation and Linux server cluster 1-27

small to medium-sized network 1-29

network design

performance 1-23

services 1-23

Network Device Admission Control (NDAC) 12-9

Network Edge Access Topology

See NEAT

network management

CDP 28-1

RMON 33-1

SNMP 35-1

network performance, measuring with IP SLAs 45-3

network policy TLV 30-2

Network Time Protocol

See NTP

no commands 2-4

nonhierarchical policy maps

configuration guidelines 38-40

configuring 38-58

described 38-10

non-IP traffic filtering 37-29

nontrunking mode 15-16

normal-range VLANs 15-4

configuration guidelines 15-5

configuring 15-4

defined 15-1

no switchport command 14-5

not-so-stubby areas

See NSSA

NSAPs, as ISO IGRP addresses 42-67

NSF Awareness

IS-IS 42-69

NSM 3-3

NSSA, OSPF 42-33

NTP

associations

defined 7-2

overview 7-2

stratum 7-2

support for 1-7

time

services 7-2

synchronizing 7-2

O

OBFL

configuring 52-27

described 52-27

displaying 52-28

object tracking

HSRP 47-7

IP SLAs 47-9

IP SLAs, configuring 47-9

monitoring 47-12

offline configuration for switch stacks 5-8

off mode, VTP 16-4

on-board failure logging

See OBFL

online diagnostics

described 53-1

overview 53-1

running tests 53-4

open1x

configuring 11-66

open1x authentication

overview 11-31

Open Shortest Path First

See OSPF

optimizing system resources 8-1

options, management 1-6

OSPF

area parameters, configuring 42-33

configuring 42-31

default configuration

metrics 42-34

route 42-34

settings 42-28

described 42-27

for IPv6 43-7

interface parameters, configuring 42-32

LSA group pacing 42-36

monitoring 42-37

router IDs 42-36

route summarization 42-34

support for 1-15

virtual links 42-34

out-of-profile markdown 1-15

P

packet modification, with QoS 38-22

PAgP

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 19-9

See EtherChannel

parallel paths, in routing tables 42-93

passive interfaces

configuring 42-103

OSPF 42-35

passwords

default configuration 10-2

disabling recovery of 10-5

encrypting 10-3

for security 1-11

in clusters 6-14

overview 10-1

recovery of 52-3

setting

enable 10-3

enable secret 10-3

Telnet 10-6

with usernames 10-6

VTP domain 16-10

path cost

MSTP 21-21

STP 20-20

path MTU discovery 43-4

payload encryption 1-1

PBR

defined 42-99

enabling 42-101

fast-switched policy-based routing 42-102

local policy-based routing 42-102

PC (passive command switch) 6-10

peers, BGP 42-60

percentage thresholds in tracked lists 47-6

performance, network design 1-22

performance features 1-4

persistent self-signed certificate 10-49

per-user ACLs and Filter-Ids 11-8

per-VLAN spanning-tree plus

See PVST+

PE to CE routing, configuring 42-86

physical ports 14-3

PIM

default configuration 49-11

dense mode

overview 49-4

rendezvous point (RP), described 49-5

RPF lookups 49-9

enabling a mode 49-13

overview 49-4

router-query message interval, modifying 49-38

shared tree and source tree, overview 49-35

shortest path tree, delaying the use of 49-37

sparse mode

join messages and shared tree 49-5

overview 49-5

prune messages 49-5

RPF lookups 49-9

stub routing

configuration guidelines 49-22

enabling 49-23

overview 49-5

support for 1-16

versions

interoperability 49-11

troubleshooting interoperability problems 49-35

v2 improvements 49-4

PIM-DVMRP, as snooping method 26-9

ping

character output description 52-16

executing 52-15

overview 52-15

PoE

auto mode 14-9

CDP with power consumption, described 14-8

CDP with power negotiation, described 14-8

Cisco intelligent power management 14-8

configuring 14-33

devices supported 14-7

high-power devices operating in low-power mode 14-8

IEEE power classification levels 14-8

monitoring 14-10

monitoring power 14-36

policing power consumption 14-36

policing power usage 14-10

power budgeting 14-35

power consumption 14-35

powered-device detection and initial power allocation 14-8

power management modes 14-9

power negotiation extensions to CDP 14-8

standards supported 14-8

static mode 14-10

troubleshooting 52-13

policed-DSCP map for QoS 38-75

policers

configuring

for each matched traffic class 38-58

for more than one traffic class 38-71

described 38-4

number of 38-41

types of 38-10

policing

described 38-4

hierarchical

See hierarchical policy maps

token-bucket algorithm 38-10

policy-based routing

See PBR

policy maps for QoS

characteristics of 38-59

described 38-8

hierarchical 38-9

hierarchical on SVIs

configuration guidelines 38-40

configuring 38-63

described 38-12

nonhierarchical on physical ports

configuration guidelines 38-40

configuring 38-58

described 38-10

POP 1-34

port ACLs

defined 37-3

types of 37-4

Port Aggregation Protocol

See EtherChannel

port-based authentication

accounting 11-14

authentication server

defined 11-3, 13-2

RADIUS server 11-3

client, defined 11-3, 13-2

configuration guidelines 11-37, 13-9

configuring

802.1x authentication 11-43

guest VLAN 11-53

host mode 11-46

inaccessible authentication bypass 11-55

manual re-authentication of a client 11-48

periodic re-authentication 11-47

quiet period 11-48

RADIUS server 11-45, 13-12

RADIUS server parameters on the switch 11-44, 13-11

restricted VLAN 11-54

switch-to-client frame-retransmission number 11-49, 11-50

switch-to-client retransmission time 11-49

violation modes 11-42 to 11-43

default configuration 11-36, 13-9

described 11-2

device roles 11-3, 13-2

displaying statistics 11-68, 13-17

downloadable ACLs and redirect URLs

configuring 11-63 to 11-65, ?? to 11-65

overview 11-18 to 11-20

EAPOL-start frame 11-6

EAP-request/identity frame 11-6

EAP-response/identity frame 11-6

enabling

802.1X authentication 13-11

encapsulation 11-4

flexible authentication ordering

configuring 11-66

overview 11-31

guest VLAN

configuration guidelines 11-21, 11-22

described 11-21

host mode 11-12

inaccessible authentication bypass

configuring 11-55

described 11-23

guidelines 11-39

initiation and message exchange 11-6

magic packet 11-28

maximum number of allowed devices per port 11-40

method lists 11-43

multiple authentication 11-12

multiple-hosts mode, described 11-12

per-user ACLs

AAA authorization 11-43

configuration tasks 11-18

described 11-17

RADIUS server attributes 11-17

ports

authorization state and dot1x port-control command 11-11

authorized and unauthorized 11-10

voice VLAN 11-28

port security

described 11-28

readiness check

configuring 11-40

described 11-15, 11-40

resetting to default values 11-68

stack changes, effects of 11-11

statistics, displaying 11-68

switch

as proxy 11-3, 13-2

RADIUS client 11-3

switch supplicant

configuring 11-61

overview 11-33

user distribution

guidelines 11-27

overview 11-27

VLAN assignment

AAA authorization 11-43

characteristics 11-16

configuration tasks 11-17

described 11-16

voice aware 802.1x security

configuring 11-41

described 11-34, 11-41

voice VLAN

described 11-28

PVID 11-28

VVID 11-28

wake-on-LAN, described 11-28

port-based authentication methods, supported 11-8

port blocking 1-5, 29-7

port-channel

See EtherChannel

port description TLV 30-2

Port Fast

described 22-2

enabling 22-12

mode, spanning tree 15-27

support for 1-9

port membership modes, VLAN 15-3

port priority

MSTP 21-20

STP 20-18

ports

10-Gigabit Ethernet 14-7

access 14-3

blocking 29-7

dynamic access 15-3

protected 29-6

routed 14-4

secure 29-9

static-access 15-3, 15-9

switch 14-3

trunks 15-3, 15-14

VLAN assignments 15-9

port security

aging 29-17

and other features 29-11

and private VLANs 29-18

and QoS trusted boundary 38-45

and stacking 29-18

configuration guidelines 29-11

configuring 29-13

default configuration 29-11

described 29-8

on trunk ports 29-14

sticky learning 29-9

violations 29-10

port-shutdown response, VMPS 15-26

port VLAN ID TLV 30-2

power management TLV 30-3

Power over Ethernet

See PoE

power supply

configuring 14-44

managing 14-44

preemption, default configuration 23-8

preemption delay, default configuration 23-8

preferential treatment of traffic

See QoS

prefix lists, BGP 42-58

preventing unauthorized access 10-1

primary interface for object tracking, DHCP, configuring 47-11

primary interface for static routing, configuring 47-10

primary links 23-2

primary VLANs 18-1, 18-3

priority

HSRP 44-8

overriding CoS 17-6

trusting CoS 17-6

private VLAN edge ports

See protected ports

private VLANs

across multiple switches 18-4

and SDM template 18-4

and SVIs 18-5

and switch stacks 18-5

benefits of 18-1

community ports 18-2

community VLANs 18-2, 18-3

configuration guidelines 18-7, 18-8

configuration tasks 18-6

configuring 18-10

default configuration 18-6

end station access to 18-3

IP addressing 18-3

isolated port 18-2

isolated VLANs 18-2, 18-3

mapping 18-13

monitoring 18-15

ports

community 18-2

configuration guidelines 18-8

configuring host ports 18-11

configuring promiscuous ports 18-13

isolated 18-2

promiscuous 18-2

primary VLANs 18-1, 18-3

promiscuous ports 18-2

secondary VLANs 18-2

subdomains 18-1

traffic in 18-5

privilege levels

changing the default for lines 10-9

command switch 6-17

exiting 10-9

logging into 10-9

mapping on member switches 6-17

overview 10-2, 10-7

setting a command with 10-8

promiscuous ports

configuring 18-13

defined 18-2

protected ports 1-11, 29-6

protocol-dependent modules, EIGRP 42-38

Protocol-Independent Multicast Protocol

See PIM

protocol storm protection 29-19

provider edge devices 42-77

provisioning new members for a switch stack 5-8

proxy ARP

configuring 42-12

definition 42-10

with IP routing disabled 42-13

proxy reports 23-3

pruning, VTP

disabling

in VTP domain 16-16

on a port 15-21

enabling

in VTP domain 16-16

on a port 15-20

examples 16-7

overview 16-6

pruning-eligible list

changing 15-20

for VTP pruning 16-6

VLANs 16-16

PVST+

described 20-9

IEEE 802.1Q trunking interoperability 20-11

instances supported 20-10

Q

QoS

and MQC commands 38-1

auto-QoS

categorizing traffic 38-24

configuration and defaults display 38-36

configuration guidelines 38-33

described 38-23

disabling 38-35

displaying generated commands 38-35

displaying the initial configuration 38-36

effects on running configuration 38-33

egress queue defaults 38-25

list of generated commands 38-26

basic model 38-4

classification

class maps, described 38-8

defined 38-4

DSCP transparency, described 38-46

flowchart 38-7

forwarding treatment 38-3

in frames and packets 38-3

IP ACLs, described 38-7, 38-8

MAC ACLs, described 38-5, 38-8

options for IP traffic 38-6

options for non-IP traffic 38-5

policy maps, described 38-8

trust DSCP, described 38-5

trusted CoS, described 38-5

trust IP precedence, described 38-5

class maps

configuring 38-54

configuration guidelines

auto-QoS 38-33

standard QoS 38-39

configuring

aggregate policers 38-71

auto-QoS 38-23

default port CoS value 38-44

DSCP maps 38-73

DSCP transparency 38-46

DSCP trust states bordering another domain 38-47

egress queue characteristics 38-83

ingress queue characteristics 38-79

IP extended ACLs 38-50

IP standard ACLs 38-49

MAC ACLs 38-53

policy maps, hierarchical 38-63

policy maps on physical ports 38-58

port trust states within the domain 38-43

trusted boundary 38-45

default auto configuration 38-24

default standard configuration 38-37

DSCP transparency 38-46

egress queues

allocating buffer space 38-84

buffer allocation scheme, described 38-20

configuring shaped weights for SRR 38-88

configuring shared weights for SRR 38-89

described 38-4

displaying the threshold map 38-87

flowchart 38-19

mapping DSCP or CoS values 38-86

scheduling, described 38-4

setting WTD thresholds 38-84

WTD, described 38-22

enabling globally 38-42

flowcharts

classification 38-7

egress queueing and scheduling 38-19

ingress queueing and scheduling 38-16

policing and marking 38-11

implicit deny 38-8

ingress queues

allocating bandwidth 38-81

allocating buffer space 38-81

buffer and bandwidth allocation, described 38-18

configuring shared weights for SRR 38-81

configuring the priority queue 38-82

described 38-4

displaying the threshold map 38-80

flowchart 38-16

mapping DSCP or CoS values 38-80

priority queue, described 38-18

scheduling, described 38-4

setting WTD thresholds 38-80

WTD, described 38-18

IP phones

automatic classification and queueing 38-23

detection and trusted settings 38-23, 38-45

limiting bandwidth on egress interface 38-90

mapping tables

CoS-to-DSCP 38-73

DSCP-to-CoS 38-76

DSCP-to-DSCP-mutation 38-77

IP-precedence-to-DSCP 38-74

policed-DSCP 38-75

types of 38-13

marked-down actions 38-61

marking, described 38-4, 38-9

overview 38-2

packet modification 38-22

policers

configuring 38-61, 38-71

described 38-9

number of 38-41

types of 38-10

policies, attaching to an interface 38-9

policing

described 38-4, 38-9

token bucket algorithm 38-10

policy maps

characteristics of 38-59

hierarchical 38-9

hierarchical on SVIs 38-63

nonhierarchical on physical ports 38-58

QoS label, defined 38-4

queues

configuring egress characteristics 38-83

configuring ingress characteristics 38-79

high priority (expedite) 38-22, 38-89

location of 38-14

SRR, described 38-15

WTD, described 38-15

rewrites 38-22

support for 1-14

trust states

bordering another domain 38-47

described 38-5

trusted device 38-45

within the domain 38-43

quality of service

See QoS

queries, IGMP 26-4

query solicitation, IGMP 26-13

R

RADIUS

attributes

vendor-proprietary 10-36

vendor-specific 10-35

configuring

accounting 10-34

authentication 10-29

authorization 10-33

communication, global 10-27, 10-35

communication, per-server 10-27

multiple UDP ports 10-27

default configuration 10-27

defining AAA server groups 10-31

displaying the configuration 10-39

identifying the server 10-27

in clusters 6-16

limiting the services to the user 10-33

method list, defined 10-26

operation of 10-19

overview 10-18

server load balancing 10-39

suggested network environments 10-18

support for 1-13

tracking services accessed by user 10-34

RADIUS Change of Authorization 10-20

range

macro 14-22

of interfaces 14-21

rapid convergence 21-10

rapid per-VLAN spanning-tree plus

See rapid PVST+

rapid PVST+

described 20-9

IEEE 802.1Q trunking interoperability 20-11

instances supported 20-10

Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol

See RSTP

RARP 42-10

rcommand command 6-16

RCP

configuration files

downloading A-18

overview A-17

preparing the server A-17

uploading A-19

image files

deleting old image A-38

downloading A-37

preparing the server A-36

uploading A-38

reachability, tracking IP SLAs IP host 47-9

readiness check

port-based authentication

configuring 11-40

described 11-15, 11-40

reconfirmation interval, VMPS, changing 15-29

reconfirming dynamic VLAN membership 15-29

redirect URL 11-18, 11-20, 11-63

redundancy

EtherChannel 40-3

HSRP 44-1

STP

backbone 20-8

multidrop backbone 22-5

path cost 15-24

port priority 15-22

redundant links and UplinkFast 22-15

redundant power system

See Cisco Redundant Power System 2300

reliable transport protocol, EIGRP 42-38

reloading software 4-24

Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service

See RADIUS

Remote Copy Protocol

See RCP

Remote Network Monitoring

See RMON

Remote SPAN

See RSPAN

remote SPAN 32-3

report suppression, IGMP

described 26-6

disabling 26-16, 27-11

resequencing ACL entries 37-16

reserved addresses in DHCP pools 24-28

resets, in BGP 42-52

resetting a UDLD-shutdown interface 31-6

responder, IP SLAs

described 45-4

enabling 45-7

response time, measuring with IP SLAs 45-4

restricted VLAN

configuring 11-54

described 11-22

using with IEEE 802.1x 11-22

restricting access

overview 10-1

passwords and privilege levels 10-2

RADIUS 10-17

TACACS+ 10-10

retry count, VMPS, changing 15-30

reverse address resolution 42-10

Reverse Address Resolution Protocol

See RARP

RFC

1058, RIP 42-20

1112, IP multicast and IGMP 26-2

1157, SNMPv1 35-2

1163, BGP 42-45

1166, IP addresses 42-7

1253, OSPF 42-27

1267, BGP 42-45

1305, NTP 7-2

1587, NSSAs 42-27

1757, RMON 33-2

1771, BGP 42-45

1901, SNMPv2C 35-2

1902 to 1907, SNMPv2 35-2

2236, IP multicast and IGMP 26-2

2273-2275, SNMPv3 35-2

RFC 5176 Compliance 10-21

RIP

advertisements 42-21

authentication 42-24

configuring 42-22

default configuration 42-21

described 42-21

for IPv6 43-7

hop counts 42-21

split horizon 42-24

summary addresses 42-24

support for 1-15

RMON

default configuration 33-3

displaying status 33-6

enabling alarms and events 33-3

groups supported 33-2

overview 33-1

statistics

collecting group Ethernet 33-5

collecting group history 33-5

support for 1-18

root guard

described 22-10

enabling 22-18

support for 1-9

root switch

MSTP 21-18

STP 20-15

route calculation timers, OSPF 42-35

route dampening, BGP 42-64

routed packets, ACLs on 37-43

routed ports

configuring 42-5

defined 14-4

in switch clusters 6-8

IP addresses on 14-39, 42-5

route-map command 42-102

route maps

BGP 42-56

policy-based routing 42-100

router ACLs

defined 37-3

types of 37-5

route reflectors, BGP 42-63

router ID, OSPF 42-36

route selection, BGP 42-54

route summarization, OSPF 42-34

route targets, VPN 42-79

routing

default 42-3

dynamic 42-3

redistribution of information 42-96

static 42-3

routing domain confederation, BGP 42-63

Routing Information Protocol

See RIP

routing protocol administrative distances 42-94

RPS

See Cisco Redundant Power System 2300

RPS 2300

See Cisco Redundant Power System 2300

RSPAN 32-3

and stack changes 32-10

characteristics 32-9

configuration guidelines 32-17

default configuration 32-12

destination ports 32-8

displaying status 32-28

in a switch stack 32-3

interaction with other features 32-9

monitored ports 32-7

monitoring ports 32-8

overview 1-17, 32-1

received traffic 32-6

session limits 32-12

sessions

creating 32-18

defined 32-4

limiting source traffic to specific VLANs 32-20

specifying monitored ports 32-18

with ingress traffic enabled 32-22

source ports 32-7

transmitted traffic 32-6

VLAN-based 32-7

RSTP

active topology 21-9

BPDU

format 21-12

processing 21-13

designated port, defined 21-9

designated switch, defined 21-9

interoperability with IEEE 802.1D

described 21-8

restarting migration process 21-26

topology changes 21-13

overview 21-9

port roles

described 21-9

synchronized 21-11

proposal-agreement handshake process 21-10

rapid convergence

cross-stack rapid convergence 21-11

described 21-10

edge ports and Port Fast 21-10

point-to-point links 21-10, 21-25

root ports 21-10

root port, defined 21-9

See also MSTP

running configuration

replacing A-20, A-21

rolling back A-20, A-22

saving 4-16

S

SAP

defined 12-9

negotiation 12-9

support 12-1

SC (standby command switch) 6-10

scheduled reloads 4-24

scheduling, IP SLAs operations 45-5

SCP

and SSH 10-55

configuring 10-55

SDM

described 8-1

switch stack consideration 5-11

templates

configuring 8-6

number of 8-1

SDM template

configuring 8-5

dual IPv4 and IPv6 8-2

types of 8-1

secondary VLANs 18-2

Secure Copy Protocol

secure HTTP client

configuring 10-54

displaying 10-54

secure HTTP server

configuring 10-52

displaying 10-54

secure MAC addresses

and switch stacks 29-18

deleting 29-16

maximum number of 29-10

types of 29-9

secure ports

and switch stacks 29-18

configuring 29-9

secure remote connections 10-44

Secure Shell

See SSH

Secure Socket Layer

See SSL

security, port 29-8

Security Exchange Protocol

See SXP

Security Exchange Protocol

See SAP

security features 1-10

See SCP

sequence numbers in log messages 34-8

server mode, VTP 16-3

service-provider network, MSTP and RSTP 21-1

service-provider networks

and customer VLANs 19-2

and IEEE 802.1Q tunneling 19-1

Layer 2 protocols across 19-8

Layer 2 protocol tunneling for EtherChannels 19-9

session keys, MKA 12-2

set-request operation 35-4

setup program

failed command switch replacement 52-11

replacing failed command switch 52-9

severity levels, defining in system messages 34-9

SFPs

monitoring status of 52-14

numbering of 14-19

security and identification 52-14

status, displaying 52-14

shaped round robin

See SRR

show access-lists hw-summary command 37-23

show and more command output, filtering 2-9

show cluster members command 6-16

show configuration command 14-37

show forward command 52-22

show interfaces command 14-31, 14-37

show interfaces switchport 23-4

show l2protocol command 19-13, 19-15, 19-16

show platform forward command 52-22

show running-config command

displaying ACLs 37-34, 37-36

interface description in 14-37

shutdown command on interfaces 14-51

shutdown threshold for Layer 2 protocol packets 19-11

Simple Network Management Protocol

See SNMP

single session ID 11-35

small form-factor pluggable modules

See SFPs

small-frame arrival rate, configuring 29-5

smart logging 34-1, 34-14

SNAP 28-1

SNMP

accessing MIB variables with 35-4

agent

described 35-4

disabling 35-7

and IP SLAs 45-2

authentication level 35-10

community strings

configuring 35-8

for cluster switches 35-4

overview 35-4

configuration examples 35-17

default configuration 35-6

engine ID 35-7

groups 35-7, 35-9

host 35-7

ifIndex values 35-5

in-band management 1-8

in clusters 6-14

informs

and trap keyword 35-12

described 35-5

differences from traps 35-5

disabling 35-15

enabling 35-15

limiting access by TFTP servers 35-17

limiting system log messages to NMS 34-10

manager functions 1-6, 35-3

managing clusters with 6-17

notifications 35-5

overview 35-1, 35-4

security levels 35-3

setting CPU threshold notification 35-16

status, displaying 35-19

system contact and location 35-16

trap manager, configuring 35-14

traps

described 35-5

differences from informs 35-5

disabling 35-15

enabling 35-12

enabling MAC address notification 7-15, 7-17, 7-18

overview 35-1, 35-4

types of 35-12

users 35-7, 35-9

versions supported 35-2

SNMP and Syslog Over IPv6 43-8

SNMPv1 35-2

SNMPv2C 35-2

SNMPv3 35-2

snooping, IGMP 26-2

software compatibility

See stacks, switch

software images

location in flash A-26

recovery procedures 52-2

scheduling reloads 4-24

tar file format, described A-26

See also downloading and uploading

software images in mixed stacks

See the Cisco Software Activation and Compatibility Document

source-and-destination-IP address based forwarding, EtherChannel 40-9

source-and-destination MAC address forwarding, EtherChannel 40-9

source-IP address based forwarding, EtherChannel 40-9

source-MAC address forwarding, EtherChannel 40-8

Source-specific multicast

See SSM

SPAN

and stack changes 32-10

configuration guidelines 32-12

default configuration 32-12

destination ports 32-8

displaying status 32-28

interaction with other features 32-9

monitored ports 32-7

monitoring ports 32-8

overview 1-17, 32-1

ports, restrictions 29-12

received traffic 32-6

session limits 32-12

sessions

configuring ingress forwarding 32-16, 32-23

creating 32-13, 32-25

defined 32-4

limiting source traffic to specific VLANs 32-16

removing destination (monitoring) ports 32-14

specifying monitored ports 32-13, 32-25

with ingress traffic enabled 32-15

source ports 32-7

transmitted traffic 32-6

VLAN-based 32-7

spanning tree and native VLANs 15-17

Spanning Tree Protocol

See STP

SPAN traffic 32-6

split horizon, RIP 42-24

SRR

configuring

shaped weights on egress queues 38-88

shared weights on egress queues 38-89

shared weights on ingress queues 38-81

described 38-15

shaped mode 38-15

shared mode 38-16

support for 1-15

SSH

configuring 10-45

described 1-8, 10-44

encryption methods 10-45

switch stack considerations 5-18

user authentication methods, supported 10-45

SSL

configuration guidelines 10-51

configuring a secure HTTP client 10-54

configuring a secure HTTP server 10-52

described 10-48

monitoring 10-54

SSM

address management restrictions 49-16

CGMP limitations 49-16

components 49-14

configuration guidelines 49-16

configuring 49-14, 49-17

differs from Internet standard multicast 49-14

IGMP snooping 49-16

IGMPv3 49-14

IGMPv3 Host Signalling 49-15

IP address range 49-15

monitoring 49-17

operations 49-15

PIM 49-14

state maintenance limitations 49-16

SSM mapping 49-17

configuration guidelines 49-17

configuring 49-17, 49-19

DNS-based 49-18, 49-20

monitoring 49-22

overview 49-18

restrictions 49-18

static 49-18, 49-20

static traffic forwarding 49-21

stack changes

effects on

IPv6 routing 43-10

stack changes, effects on

ACL configuration 37-7

CDP 28-2

cross-stack EtherChannel 40-13

EtherChannel 40-10

fallback bridging 51-3

HSRP 44-5

IEEE 802.1x port-based authentication 11-11

IGMP snooping 26-7

IP routing 42-4

IPv6 ACLs 39-3

MAC address tables 7-14

MSTP 21-8

multicast routing 49-10

MVR 26-18

port security 29-18

SDM template selection 8-4

SNMP 35-1

SPAN and RSPAN 32-10

STP 20-11

switch clusters 6-14

system message log 34-2

VLANs 15-6

VTP 16-8

stacking

and MACsec 12-3

stack master

bridge ID (MAC address) 5-7

defined 5-2

election 5-6

IPv6 43-11

re-election 5-6

See also stacks, switch

stack member

accessing CLI of specific member 5-30

configuring

member number 5-26

priority value 5-26

defined 5-2

displaying information of 5-30

IPv6 43-11

number 5-7

priority value 5-8

provisioning a new member 5-27

replacing 5-16

See also stacks, switch

stack member number 14-19

stack protocol version 5-12

stacks, switch

accessing CLI of specific member 5-30

assigning information

member number 5-26

priority value 5-26

provisioning a new member 5-27

auto-advise 5-13

auto-copy 5-13

auto-extract 5-13

auto-upgrade 5-12

bridge ID 5-7

Catalyst 3750-X-only 5-2

CDP considerations 28-2

compatibility, software 5-11

configuration file 5-16

configuration scenarios 5-19

copying an image file from one member to another A-39

default configuration 5-24

description of 5-2

displaying information of 5-30

enabling persistent MAC address timer 5-24

hardware compatibility and SDM mismatch mode 5-11

HSRP considerations 44-5

in clusters 6-14

incompatible software and image upgrades 5-16, A-39

IPv6 on 43-10

MAC address considerations 7-14

MAC address of 5-24

management connectivity 5-17

managing 5-1

managing mixed

See Catalyst 3750-E and 3750 Switch Stacking Compatibility Guide

membership 5-4

merged 5-5

mixed

hardware 5-2

hardware and software 5-2

software 5-2

with Catalyst 3750-E and 3750 switches 5-2

mixed software images

See Cisco Software Activation and Compatibility Document

MSTP instances supported 20-10

multicast routing, stack master and member roles 49-10

offline configuration

described 5-8

effects of adding a provisioned switch 5-9

effects of removing a provisioned switch 5-11

effects of replacing a provisioned switch 5-11

provisioned configuration, defined 5-8

provisioned switch, defined 5-8

provisioning a new member 5-27

partitioned 5-5, 52-8

provisioned switch

adding 5-9

removing 5-11

replacing 5-11

replacing a failed member 5-16

software compatibility 5-11

software image version 5-11

stack protocol version 5-12

STP

bridge ID 20-3

instances supported 20-10

root port selection 20-3

stack root switch election 20-3

system messages

hostnames in the display 34-1

remotely monitoring 34-2

system prompt consideration 7-7

system-wide configuration considerations 5-17

upgrading A-39

version-mismatch (VM) mode

automatic upgrades with auto-upgrade 5-12

described 5-12

examples 5-13

manual upgrades with auto-advise 5-13

upgrades with auto-extract 5-13

See also stack master and stack member

StackWise Plus technology, Cisco 1-3

See also stacks, switch

standby command switch

configuring

considerations 6-11

defined 6-2

priority 6-10

requirements 6-3

virtual IP address 6-11

See also cluster standby group and HSRP

standby group, cluster

See cluster standby group and HSRP

standby ip command 44-6

standby links 23-2

standby router 44-2

standby timers, HSRP 44-10

startup configuration

booting

manually 4-19

specific image 4-20

clearing A-20

configuration file

automatically downloading 4-18

specifying the filename 4-19

default boot configuration 4-18

static access ports

assigning to VLAN 15-9

defined 14-3, 15-3

static addresses

See addresses

static IP routing 1-16

static MAC addressing 1-11

static route primary interface, configuring 47-10

static routes

configuring 42-94

understanding 43-7

static routing 42-3

static routing support, enhanced object tracking 47-10

static SSM mapping 49-18, 49-20

static traffic forwarding 49-21

static VLAN membership 15-2

statistics

802.1X 13-17

CDP 28-5

IEEE 802.1x 11-68

interface 14-50

IP multicast routing 49-63

MKA 12-5

OSPF 42-37

RMON group Ethernet 33-5

RMON group history 33-5

SNMP input and output 35-19

VTP 16-18

sticky learning 29-9

storm control

configuring 29-3

described 29-1

disabling 29-5

support for 1-5

thresholds 29-1

STP

accelerating root port selection 22-4

BackboneFast

described 22-7

disabling 22-17

enabling 22-16

BPDU filtering

described 22-3

disabling 22-15

enabling 22-14

BPDU guard

described 22-2

disabling 22-14

enabling 22-13

BPDU message exchange 20-3

configuration guidelines 20-13, 22-12

configuring

forward-delay time 20-23

hello time 20-22

maximum aging time 20-23

path cost 20-20

port priority 20-18

root switch 20-15

secondary root switch 20-17

spanning-tree mode 20-14

switch priority 20-21

transmit hold-count 20-24

counters, clearing 20-24

cross-stack UplinkFast

described 22-5

enabling 22-16

default configuration 20-12

default optional feature configuration 22-12

designated port, defined 20-4

designated switch, defined 20-4

detecting indirect link failures 22-8

disabling 20-15

displaying status 20-24

EtherChannel guard

described 22-10

disabling 22-17

enabling 22-17

extended system ID

effects on root switch 20-16

effects on the secondary root switch 20-17

overview 20-4

unexpected behavior 20-16

features supported 1-9

IEEE 802.1D and bridge ID 20-4

IEEE 802.1D and multicast addresses 20-8

IEEE 802.1t and VLAN identifier 20-5

inferior BPDU 20-3

instances supported 20-10

interface state, blocking to forwarding 22-2

interface states

blocking 20-6

disabled 20-7

forwarding 20-6, 20-7

learning 20-7

listening 20-7

overview 20-5

interoperability and compatibility among modes 20-10

keepalive messages 20-2

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 19-8

limitations with IEEE 802.1Q trunks 20-10

load sharing

overview 15-22

using path costs 15-24

using port priorities 15-22

loop guard

described 22-11

enabling 22-18

modes supported 20-9

multicast addresses, effect of 20-8

optional features supported 1-9

overview 20-2

path costs 15-24, 15-25

Port Fast

described 22-2

enabling 22-12

port priorities 15-23

preventing root switch selection 22-10

protocols supported 20-9

redundant connectivity 20-8

root guard

described 22-10

enabling 22-18

root port, defined 20-3

root port selection on a switch stack 20-3

root switch

configuring 20-16

effects of extended system ID 20-4, 20-16

election 20-3

unexpected behavior 20-16

shutdown Port Fast-enabled port 22-2

stack changes, effects of 20-11

status, displaying 20-24

superior BPDU 20-3

timers, described 20-22

UplinkFast

described 22-3

enabling 22-15

VLAN-bridge 20-11

stratum, NTP 7-2

stub areas, OSPF 42-33

stub routing, EIGRP 42-44

subdomains, private VLAN 18-1

subnet mask 42-7

subnet zero 42-8

success response, VMPS 15-26

summer time 7-6

SunNet Manager 1-6

supernet 42-8

supported port-based authentication methods 11-8

SVI autostate exclude

configuring 14-40

defined 14-6

SVI link state 14-6

SVIs

and IP unicast routing 42-5

and router ACLs 37-5

connecting VLANs 14-13

defined 14-5

routing between VLANs 15-2

switch 43-2

switch clustering technology 6-1

See also clusters, switch

switch console port 1-8

Switch Database Management

See SDM

switched packets, ACLs on 37-41

Switched Port Analyzer

See SPAN

switched ports 14-3

switchport backup interface 23-4, 23-5

switchport block multicast command 29-8

switchport block unicast command 29-8

switchport command 14-28

switchport mode dot1q-tunnel command 19-7

switchport protected command 29-7

switch priority

MSTP 21-22

STP 20-21

switch software features 1-1

switch virtual interface

See SVI

synchronization, BGP 42-50

syslog

See system message logging

system capabilities TLV 30-2

system clock

configuring

daylight saving time 7-6

manually 7-4

summer time 7-6

time zones 7-5

displaying the time and date 7-5

overview 7-2

See also NTP

system description TLV 30-2

system message logging

default configuration 34-4

defining error message severity levels 34-9

disabling 34-4

displaying the configuration 34-17

enabling 34-5

facility keywords, described 34-14

level keywords, described 34-10

limiting messages 34-10

message format 34-2

overview 34-1

sequence numbers, enabling and disabling 34-8

setting the display destination device 34-5

stack changes, effects of 34-2

synchronizing log messages 34-6

syslog facility 1-18

time stamps, enabling and disabling 34-8

UNIX syslog servers

configuring the daemon 34-12

configuring the logging facility 34-13

facilities supported 34-14

system MTU

and IS-IS LSPs 42-71

system MTU and IEEE 802.1Q tunneling 19-5

system name

default configuration 7-8

default setting 7-8

manual configuration 7-8

See also DNS

system name TLV 30-2

system prompt, default setting 7-7, 7-8

system resources, optimizing 8-1

system routing

IS-IS 42-67

ISO IGRP 42-67

T

TACACS+

accounting, defined 10-11

authentication, defined 10-11

authorization, defined 10-11

configuring

accounting 10-17

authentication key 10-13

authorization 10-16

login authentication 10-14

default configuration 10-13

displaying the configuration 10-17

identifying the server 10-13

in clusters 6-16

limiting the services to the user 10-16

operation of 10-12

overview 10-10

support for 1-13

tracking services accessed by user 10-17

tagged packets

IEEE 802.1Q 19-3

Layer 2 protocol 19-8

tar files

creating A-7

displaying the contents of A-7

extracting A-8

image file format A-26

TCL script, registering and defining with embedded event manager 36-7

TDR 1-18

Telnet

accessing management interfaces 2-10

number of connections 1-8

setting a password 10-6

templates, SDM 8-2

temporary self-signed certificate 10-49

Terminal Access Controller Access Control System Plus

See TACACS+

terminal lines, setting a password 10-6

ternary content addressable memory 52-26

TFTP

configuration files

downloading A-12

preparing the server A-11

uploading A-13

configuration files in base directory 4-8

configuring for autoconfiguration 4-7

image files

deleting A-30

downloading A-28

preparing the server A-28

uploading A-30

limiting access by servers 35-17

TFTP server 1-7

threshold, traffic level 29-2

threshold monitoring, IP SLAs 45-6

time

See NTP and system clock

Time Domain Reflector

See TDR

time-range command 37-18

time ranges in ACLs 37-18

time stamps in log messages 34-8

time zones 7-5

TLVs

defined 30-2

LLDP 30-2

LLDP-MED 30-2

Token Ring VLANs

support for 15-5

VTP support 16-5

ToS 1-14

traceroute, Layer 2

and ARP 52-17

and CDP 52-17

broadcast traffic 52-16

described 52-16

IP addresses and subnets 52-17

MAC addresses and VLANs 52-17

multicast traffic 52-17

multiple devices on a port 52-17

unicast traffic 52-16

usage guidelines 52-17

traceroute command

See also IP traceroute

tracked lists

configuring 47-3

types 47-3

tracked objects

by Boolean expression 47-4

by threshold percentage 47-6

by threshold weight 47-5

tracking interface line-protocol state 47-2

tracking IP routing state 47-2

tracking objects 47-1

tracking process 47-1

track state, tracking IP SLAs 47-9

traffic

blocking flooded 29-8

fragmented 37-6

fragmented IPv6 39-2

unfragmented 37-6

traffic policing 1-15

traffic suppression 29-1

transmit hold-count

see STP

transparent mode, VTP 16-4

trap-door mechanism 4-2

traps

configuring MAC address notification 7-15, 7-17, 7-18

configuring managers 35-12

enabling 7-15, 7-17, 7-18, 35-12

notification types 35-12

overview 35-1, 35-4

troubleshooting

connectivity problems 52-15, 52-16, 52-18

CPU utilization 52-29

detecting unidirectional links 31-1

displaying crash information 52-24

PIMv1 and PIMv2 interoperability problems 49-35

setting packet forwarding 52-22

SFP security and identification 52-14

show forward command 52-22

with CiscoWorks 35-4

with debug commands 52-20

with ping 52-15

with system message logging 34-1

with traceroute 52-18

trunk failover

See link-state tracking

trunking encapsulation 1-10

trunk ports

configuring 15-18

defined 14-4, 15-3

encapsulation 15-18, 15-23

trunks

allowed-VLAN list 15-19

configuring 15-18, 15-23

ISL 15-15

load sharing

setting STP path costs 15-24

using STP port priorities 15-22, 15-23

native VLAN for untagged traffic 15-21

parallel 15-24

pruning-eligible list 15-20

to non-DTP device 15-15

trusted boundary for QoS 38-45

trusted port states

between QoS domains 38-47

classification options 38-5

ensuring port security for IP phones 38-45

support for 1-14

within a QoS domain 38-43

trustpoints, CA 10-49

tunneling

defined 19-1

IEEE 802.1Q 19-1

Layer 2 protocol 19-8

tunnel ports

described 14-4, 19-2

IEEE 802.1Q, configuring 19-7

incompatibilities with other features 19-6

twisted-pair Ethernet, detecting unidirectional links 31-1

type of service

See ToS

U

UDLD

configuration guidelines 31-4

default configuration 31-4

disabling

globally 31-5

on fiber-optic interfaces 31-5

per interface 31-6

echoing detection mechanism 31-3

enabling

globally 31-5

per interface 31-6

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 19-10

link-detection mechanism 31-1

neighbor database 31-2

overview 31-1

resetting an interface 31-6

status, displaying 31-7

support for 1-9

UDP, configuring 42-16

UDP jitter, configuring 45-9

UDP jitter operation, IP SLAs 45-8

unauthorized ports with IEEE 802.1x 11-10

unicast MAC address filtering 1-7

and adding static addresses 7-21

and broadcast MAC addresses 7-21

and CPU packets 7-21

and multicast addresses 7-21

and router MAC addresses 7-21

configuration guidelines 7-21

described 7-21

unicast storm 29-1

unicast storm control command 29-4

unicast traffic, blocking 29-8

UniDirectional Link Detection protocol

See UDLD

universal software image 1-1

feature set

IP base 1-2

IP services 1-2

UNIX syslog servers

daemon configuration 34-12

facilities supported 34-14

message logging configuration 34-13

unrecognized Type-Length-Value (TLV) support 16-5

upgrading software images

See downloading

UplinkFast

described 22-3

disabling 22-16

enabling 22-15

support for 1-9

uploading

configuration files

preparing A-11, A-14, A-17

reasons for A-9

using FTP A-16

using RCP A-19

using TFTP A-13

image files

preparing A-28, A-31, A-36

reasons for A-25

using FTP A-34

using RCP A-38

using TFTP A-30

USB flash devices 14-17

USB inactivity timer 14-16

USB port

mini-type B 14-14

USB ports 14-14

USB Type A port 1-8

USB type A port 14-17

User Datagram Protocol

See UDP

username-based authentication 10-6

Using Memory Consistency Check Routines 52-26

V

VACLs

logging

configuration example 37-40

version-dependent transparent mode 16-5

version-mismatch (VM) mode

automatic upgrades with auto-upgrade 5-12

described 5-12

displaying 5-12

manual upgrades with auto-advise 5-13

upgrades with auto-extract 5-13

virtual IP address

cluster standby group 6-11

command switch 6-11

virtual ports, MKA 12-3

Virtual Private Network

See VPN

virtual router 44-1, 44-2

virtual switches and PAgP 40-6

vlan.dat file 15-4

VLAN 1

disabling on a trunk port 15-20

minimization 15-19

VLAN ACLs

See VLAN maps

vlan-assignment response, VMPS 15-26

VLAN configuration

at bootup 15-7

saving 15-7

VLAN database

and startup configuration file 15-7

and VTP 16-1

VLAN configuration saved in 15-6

VLANs saved in 15-4

vlan dot1q tag native command 19-5

VLAN filtering and SPAN 32-8

vlan global configuration command 15-6

VLAN ID, discovering 7-24

VLAN link state 14-6

VLAN load balancing on flex links

configuration guidelines 23-8

described 23-2

VLAN management domain 16-2

VLAN Management Policy Server

See VMPS

VLAN map entries, order of 37-33

VLAN maps

applying 37-36

common uses for 37-36

configuration guidelines 37-33

configuring 37-32

creating 37-34

defined 37-3

denying access to a server example 37-38

denying and permitting packets 37-34

displaying 37-45

examples of ACLs and VLAN maps 37-34

removing 37-36

support for 1-11

wiring closet configuration example 37-37

VLAN membership

confirming 15-29

modes 15-3

VLAN Query Protocol

See VQP

VLANs

adding 15-8

adding to VLAN database 15-8

aging dynamic addresses 20-9

allowed on trunk 15-19

and spanning-tree instances 15-3, 15-6, 15-11

configuration guidelines, extended-range VLANs 15-11

configuration guidelines, normal-range VLANs 15-5

configuring 15-1

configuring IDs 1006 to 4094 15-11

connecting through SVIs 14-13

customer numbering in service-provider networks 19-3

default configuration 15-7

deleting 15-9

described 14-2, 15-1

displaying 15-14

extended-range 15-1, 15-10

features 1-10

illustrated 15-2

internal 15-11

in the switch stack 15-6

limiting source traffic with RSPAN 32-20

limiting source traffic with SPAN 32-16

modifying 15-8

multicast 26-17

native, configuring 15-21

normal-range 15-1, 15-4

number supported 1-10

parameters 15-4

port membership modes 15-3

static-access ports 15-9

STP and IEEE 802.1Q trunks 20-10

supported 15-2

Token Ring 15-5

traffic between 15-2

VLAN-bridge STP 20-11, 51-2

VTP modes 16-3

VLAN Trunking Protocol

See VTP

VLAN trunks 15-14

VMPS

administering 15-30

configuration example 15-31

configuration guidelines 15-27

default configuration 15-27

description 15-25

dynamic port membership

described 15-26

reconfirming 15-29

troubleshooting 15-31

entering server address 15-28

mapping MAC addresses to VLANs 15-26

monitoring 15-30

reconfirmation interval, changing 15-29

reconfirming membership 15-29

retry count, changing 15-30

voice aware 802.1x security

port-based authentication

configuring 11-41

described 11-34, 11-41

voice-over-IP 17-1

voice VLAN

Cisco 7960 phone, port connections 17-1

configuration guidelines 17-3

configuring IP phones for data traffic

override CoS of incoming frame 17-6

trust CoS priority of incoming frame 17-6

configuring ports for voice traffic in

802.1p priority tagged frames 17-5

IEEE 802.1Q frames 17-5

connecting to an IP phone 17-4

default configuration 17-3

described 17-1

displaying 17-7

IP phone data traffic, described 17-2

IP phone voice traffic, described 17-2

VPN

configuring routing in 42-85

forwarding 42-79

in service provider networks 42-76

routes 42-77

VPN routing and forwarding table

See VRF

VQP 1-10, 15-25

VRF

defining 42-79

tables 42-76

VRF-aware services

ARP 42-81

configuring 42-81

ftp 42-84

HSRP 42-82

ping 42-82

RADIUS 42-83

SNMP 42-82

syslog 42-83

tftp 42-84

traceroute 42-84

uRPF 42-83

VRFs, configuring multicast 42-85

VTP

adding a client to a domain 16-17

advertisements 15-17, 16-4

and extended-range VLANs 15-2, 16-2

and normal-range VLANs 15-2, 16-2

client mode, configuring 16-13

configuration

requirements 16-11

saving 16-9

configuration requirements 16-11

configuration revision number

guideline 16-17

resetting 16-17

consistency checks 16-5

default configuration 16-9

described 16-1

domain names 16-9

domains 16-2

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 19-8

modes

client 16-3

off 16-4

server 16-3

transitions 16-3

transparent 16-4

monitoring 16-18

passwords 16-10

pruning

disabling 16-16

enabling 16-16

examples 16-7

overview 16-6

support for 1-10

pruning-eligible list, changing 15-20

server mode, configuring 16-11, 16-14

statistics 16-18

support for 1-10

Token Ring support 16-5

transparent mode, configuring 16-12

using 16-1

Version

enabling 16-15

version, guidelines 16-10

Version 1 16-5

Version 2

configuration guidelines 16-10

overview 16-5

Version 3

overview 16-5

W

WCCP

authentication 48-3

configuration guidelines 48-5

default configuration 48-5

described 48-2

displaying 48-10

dynamic service groups 48-3

enabling 48-6

features unsupported 48-5

forwarding method 48-3

Layer-2 header rewrite 48-3

MD5 security 48-3

message exchange 48-2

monitoring and maintaining 48-10

negotiation 48-3

packet redirection 48-3

packet-return method 48-3

redirecting traffic received from a client 48-6

setting the password 48-7

unsupported WCCPv2 features 48-5

web authentication 11-15

configuring 13-16 to ??

described 1-10

web-based authentication

customizeable web pages 13-6

description 13-1

web-based authentication, interactions with other features 13-7

Web Cache Communication Protocol

See WCCP

weighted tail drop

See WTD

weight thresholds in tracked lists 47-5

wired location service

configuring 30-10

displaying 30-11

location TLV 30-3

understanding 30-3

wizards 1-3

WTD

described 38-15

setting thresholds

egress queue-sets 38-84

ingress queues 38-80

support for 1-15