Catalyst 3750 Switch Software Configuration Guide, Rel. 12.1(19)EA1
Getting Started with CMS
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Getting Started with CMS

Table Of Contents

Getting Started with CMS

Understanding CMS

Front Panel View

Topology View

CMS Menu Bar, Toolbar, and Feature Bar

Online Help

Configuration Modes

Guide Mode

Expert Mode

Wizards

Privilege Levels

Access to Older Switches In a Cluster

Configuring CMS

CMS Requirements

Minimum Hardware Configuration

Operating System and Browser Support

CMS Plug-In Requirements

Cross-Platform Considerations

HTTP Access to CMS

Specifying an HTTP Port (Nondefault Configuration Only)

Configuring an Authentication Method (Nondefault Configuration Only)

Displaying CMS

Launching CMS

Front Panel View

Topology View

CMS Icons

Where to Go Next


Getting Started with CMS


This chapter contains these sections that describe the Cluster Management Suite (CMS) on the Catalyst 3750 switch:

"Understanding CMS" section

"Configuring CMS" section

"Displaying CMS" section

"Where to Go Next" section

Refer to the appropriate switch documentation for descriptions of the browser-based management software used on other Catalyst switches. For more information about CMS, refer to the online help.

For a list of new CMS features in this release, select Help > What's New from the CMS menu bar.

For information about cluster configurations and which Catalyst switches can be command switches or member switches, refer to the release notes for this switch.

Understanding CMS

CMS provides these features for managing switch clusters and individual switches from web browsers such as Netscape Communicator or Microsoft Internet Explorer:

Front-panel and topology views of your network, as shown in Figure 3-7 and Figure 3-8, that can be displayed at the same time

A menu bar, a toolbar, and a feature bar, as shown in Figure 3-6, to access configuration and management options

Comprehensive online help that gives high-level concepts and procedures for performing CMS tasks

Interactive modes—guide mode, expert mode, and wizards—that control the presentation of some complex configuration options

Two levels of access modes to the configuration options: read-write access for users who can change switch settings and read-only access for users who can only view switch settings

Front Panel View

The Front Panel view displays the Front Panel image of a specific set of switches in a cluster. From this view, you can select multiple ports or multiple switches and configure them with the same settings.

For more information, see the "Displaying CMS" section.

Topology View

The Topology view displays a network map that uses icons representing switch clusters, the command switch, cluster members, cluster candidates, neighboring devices that are not eligible to join a cluster, and link types. You can also display link information in the form of link reports and link graphs.

This view is available only when CMS is launched from a command switch.

For more information, see the "Displaying CMS" section.

CMS Menu Bar, Toolbar, and Feature Bar

The configuration and monitoring options for configuring switches and switch clusters are available from the menu bar, the toolbar, and the feature bar.

The menu bar, shown in Figure 3-1, provides these options for managing a single switch and switch clusters:

CMS—Choose printing options, select interaction modes, display CMS preferences, save CMS cluster information on your PC or workstation, and show or hide the feature bar.


Note CMS is downloaded to your browser each time that you launch CMS. You can increase the speed at which CMS loads by permanently installing CMS on your PC or workstation. Select CMS > Installation and Distributions, and click Install. CMS is installed locally and loads faster the next time that you launch it.


Window—Choose from the currently open CMS windows.

Help—Launch the online help.

Figure 3-1 Menu Bar

The toolbar provides buttons for commonly used switch and cluster configuration options and information windows such as legends and online help. Table 3-1 lists the toolbar options from left to right on the toolbar.

Table 3-1 Toolbar Buttons 

Toolbar Option
Icon
Task

Print

Print a CMS window or help file.

Preferences1

Set CMS display properties, such as polling intervals, the views to open at CMS startup, and the color of administratively shutdown ports.

Save Configuration2

Save the configuration of the cluster or a switch to flash memory.

Software Upgrade2

Upgrade the software for the cluster or a switch.

Port Settings1

Display and configure port parameters on a switch.

VLAN1

Display VLAN membership, assign ports to VLANs, and change the administration mode.

Inventory

Display the device type, the software version, the IP address, and other information about a switch.

Refresh

Update the views with the latest status.

Front Panel

Display the Front Panel view.

Topology3

Display the Topology view.

Topology Options3

Select the information to be displayed in the Topology view.

Save Topology Layout 2 3

Save your arrangement of the cluster icons in the Topology view to flash memory.

Legend

Display the legend that describes the icons, labels, and links.

Help for Active Window

Display the help for the active, open window. You can also click Help from the active window or press the F1 key.

1 Not available in read-only mode. For more information about the read-only and read-write access modes, see the "Privilege Levels" section.

2 Some options from this menu option are not available in read-only mode.

3 Available only from a cluster-management session.


The feature bar shows the features available for the devices in your cluster. By default, the feature bar is in standard mode. In this mode, the feature bar is always visible, and you can reduce or increase the width of the feature bar. In autohide mode, the feature bar appears only when you move the cursor to the left edge of the CMS workspace.

To enable the feature bar, click CMS > Feature Bar, and select Standard Mode.

To hide the feature bar, click CMS > Feature Bar, and select Autohide Mode.

Figure 3-2 shows the features available in a sample cluster.

Figure 3-2 Feature Bar and Search Window

1

Feature bar

2

Search window



Note Only features supported by the devices in your cluster are displayed in the feature bar.


You can search for features that are available for your cluster by clicking Search and entering a feature name, as shown in Figure 3-2.

Access modes affect the availability of features from CMS. Some CMS features are not available in read-only mode. For more information about how access modes affect CMS, see the "Privilege Levels" section.

Online Help

CMS provides comprehensive online help to assist you in understanding and performing configuration and monitoring tasks from the CMS windows.

Online help is available for features that are supported by devices in your cluster. Sometimes the information in a topic differs for different cluster members. In these cases, the right pane contains all the versions of the topic, each labeled with the host names of the members it applies to.

Online help includes these features:

Feature-specific help that gives background information and concepts on the features

Dialog-specific help that gives procedures for performing tasks

An index of online help topics

A glossary of terms used in the online help

You can send us feedback about the information provided in the online help. Click Feedback to display an online form. After completing the form, click Submit to send your comments to Cisco Systems Inc. We appreciate and value your comments.

Configuration Modes

You can change the CMS interaction mode to either expert or guide mode. Expert mode displays a configuration window in which you configure the feature options. Guide mode takes you through each feature option and provides information about the parameter. Wizards are also available for some configuration options. These are similar to guide-mode configuration windows, except that fewer options are available.

Guide Mode

Guide mode is for users who want a step-by-step approach for completing a specific configuration task. This mode is not available for all features. A person icon appears next to features that have guide mode available, as shown in Figure 3-3.

When you click Guide Mode and then select a feature that supports it, CMS displays a specific parameter of that feature and information about the parameter. To configure the feature, you enter the information in each step until you click Finish in the last step. Clicking Cancel at any time ends the configuration task without applying any changes.

If you select Guide Mode but you want to use Expert Mode instead, you click Guide before selecting an option from the menu bar, tool bar, or popup menu. If you change the interaction mode after selecting a configuration option, the mode change does not take effect until you select another configuration option.

Figure 3-3 Guide Mode and Wizards

1

Guide mode icon

2

Wizards


Guide mode is not available if your switch access level is read-only. For more information about the read-only access mode, see the "Privilege Levels" section.

Expert Mode

Expert mode is for users who prefer to display all the parameter fields of a feature in a single CMS window. You can view information about the parameter fields by clicking the Help button.

If you select Expert Mode but you want to use Guide Mode instead, you must click Guide before selecting an option from the menu bar, tool bar, or popup menu. If you change the interaction mode after selecting a configuration option, the mode change does not take effect until you select another configuration option.

Wizards

Similar to guide mode, wizards provide a step-by-step approach for completing a specific configuration task. Unlike guide mode, a wizard does not prompt you to provide information for all of the feature options. Instead, it prompts you to provide minimal information and then uses the default settings of the remaining options to set up default configurations.

When you select a feature that has Wizard in the name, the wizard launches for that feature, as shown in Figure 3-3.

Wizards are not available for all features or for read-only access levels. For more information about the read-only access mode, see the "Privilege Levels" section.

Privilege Levels

CMS provides two levels of access to the configuration options: read-write access and read-only access. If you know your privilege level, you must specify it in the URL that you use to access the cluster. For example, if your privilege level is 13, enter this URL:

http://ip_address/level/13

Privilege levels 0 to 15 are supported.

Privilege level 15 provides read-write access to CMS. This is the default.

Privilege levels 1 to 14 provide read-only access to CMS. Any options in the CMS windows, menu bar, toolbar, and popup menus that change the switch or cluster configuration are not shown in read-only mode.

Privilege level 0 denies access to CMS.

If you do not specify a privilege level when you access CMS, the switch verifies whether you have privilege level 15. If you do not, you are denied access to CMS. If you do have privilege level 15, you are granted read-write access. Therefore, you do not need to include the privilege level if it is 15. Entering zero denies access to CMS.


Note You must have privilege level 15 to access CMS through a TACACS+ or RADIUS server.


For more information about privilege levels, see the "Preventing Unauthorized Access to Your Switch" section and the "Configuring Multiple Privilege Levels" section.

Access to Older Switches In a Cluster

If your cluster has these member switches running earlier software releases and if you have read-only access to these member switches, some configuration windows for those switches display incomplete information:

Catalyst 2900 XL or Catalyst 3500 XL member switches running Cisco IOS Release 12.0(5)WC2 or earlier

Catalyst 2950 member switches running Cisco IOS Release 12.0(5)WC2 or earlier

For more information about this limitation, refer to the release notes.

These switches do not support read-only mode on CMS:

Catalyst 1900 and Catalyst 2820 switches

Catalyst 2900 XL switches with 4-MB CPU DRAM

In read-only mode, these switches appear as unavailable devices and cannot be configured from CMS.

Configuring CMS

This section contains these topics that describe the requirements and configuration information for CMS:

"CMS Requirements" section

"Cross-Platform Considerations" section

"Launching CMS" section

CMS Requirements

This section describes the hardware and software requirements for running CMS:

"Minimum Hardware Configuration" section

"Operating System and Browser Support" section

"CMS Plug-In Requirements" section

"Specifying an HTTP Port (Nondefault Configuration Only)" section

"Configuring an Authentication Method (Nondefault Configuration Only)" section


Note The software requirements are automatically verified by the CMS Startup Report when you launch CMS. For more information, see the "Launching CMS" section.


Minimum Hardware Configuration

The minimum PC requirement is a Pentium processor running at 233 MHz with 64 MB of DRAM. The minimum UNIX workstation requirement is a Sun Ultra 1 running at 143 MHz with 64 MB of DRAM.

Table 3-2 lists the minimum platforms for running CMS.

Table 3-2 Minimum Hardware Configuration

OS
Processor Speed
DRAM
Number of Colors
Resolution
Font Size

Windows NT 4.01

Pentium 300 MHz

128 MB

65,536

1024 x 768

Small

Solaris 2.5.1 or higher

SPARC 333 MHz

128 MB

Most colors for applications

Small (3)

1 Service Pack 3 or higher is required.


Operating System and Browser Support

You can access the CMS interface by using the operating systems and browsers listed in Table 3-3. CMS checks the browser version when starting a session to ensure that the browser is supported.

Table 3-3 Supported Operating Systems and Browsers  

Operating System
Minimum Service Pack or Patch
Netscape Communicator 1
Microsoft Internet Explorer 2

Windows 98

Second Edition

7.1

5.5 or 6.0

Windows NT 4.0

Service Pack 3 or later

7.1

5.5 or 6.0

Windows 2000

None

7.1

5.5 or 6.0

Windows XP

None

7.1

5.5 or 6.0

Solaris 2.5.1 or later

Sun-recommended patch cluster for the OS and Motif library patch 103461-24

7.0

Not supported

1 Netscape Communicator version 6.0 is not supported.

2 Service Pack 1 or higher is required for Internet Explorer 5.5.


CMS Plug-In Requirements

You need to install a browser plug-in to run CMS from Windows and Solaris.

Windows

The CMS plug-in is required to run CMS on Windows. You can download this plug-in from this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/pcgi-bin/tablebuild.pl/CMS-Plug-In-Win-1-0

This plug-in includes a console window that you can use to troubleshoot CMS or to view the CLI commands from CMS on Windows. When CMS is running, press F2 to display or to hide the CMS console. Press F3 to display or to hide the CLI commands that CMS is sending.


Note If you need to both upgrade your web browser and install the CMS plug-in, you must upgrade your browser first. If you install the CMS plug-in and then upgrade your browser, the plug-in is not registered with the new browser.



Note Do not install the CMS plug-in on Solaris.


Solaris

You must use the Java 1.4.1-02 plug-in to run CMS on Solaris. You can download this plug-in from this URL:

www.cisco.com/public/sw-center/lan/java/1.4.1-02.html

Follow the instructions in the README_FIRST.txt file to install the Java plug-in. You need to close and restart your browser after installing a Java plug-in.

Cross-Platform Considerations

When managing switch clusters through CMS, remember that clusters can have a mix of switch models using different Cisco IOS releases and that CMS in earlier Cisco IOS releases and on different switch platforms might look and function differently from CMS in this Cisco IOS release.

When you select Device > Device Manager for a cluster member, a new browser session launches, and the CMS version for that switch appears.

Here are examples of how CMS can differ between Cisco IOS releases and switch platforms:

On Catalyst switches running Cisco IOS Release 12.0(5)WC2 or earlier or Cisco IOS Release 12.1(6)EA1 or earlier, the CMS versions in those software releases might appear similar but are not the same as this release. For example, the Topology view in this release is not the same as the Topology view or the Cluster View in those earlier software releases.

CMS on the Catalyst 1900 and Catalyst 2820 switches is referred to as Switch Manager. Cluster management options are not available on these switches. This is the earliest version of CMS.

Refer to the documentation specific to the switch and its Cisco IOS release for descriptions of the CMS version.

HTTP Access to CMS

CMS uses the HTTP protocol (the default is port 80) and the default method of authentication (the enable password) to communicate with the switch through any of its Ethernet ports and to allow switch management from a standard web browser.

If you have not configured a specific (nondefault) HTTP port and are using the enable password (or no password) for access to the switch, you can go to the "Displaying CMS" section.

Specifying an HTTP Port (Nondefault Configuration Only)

If you change the HTTP port, you must include the new port number when you enter the IP address in the browser Location or Address field (for example, http://10.1.126.45:184 where 184 is the new HTTP port number.) You should write down the port number to which you are connected. Use care when changing the switch IP information.

Configuring an Authentication Method (Nondefault Configuration Only)

If you are not using the default method of authentication (the enable password), you need to configure the HTTP server interface with the method of authentication used on the switch.

Beginning in privileged EXEC mode, follow these steps to configure the HTTP server interface:

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

configure terminal

Enter global configuration mode.

Step 2 

ip http authentication {enable | local | tacacs}

Configure the HTTP server interface for the type of authentication you want to use.

enable—Enable password, which is the default method of HTTP server user authentication.

local—Local user database as defined on the Cisco router or access server is used.

tacacs—TACACS server is used.

Step 3 

end

Return to privileged EXEC mode.

Step 4 

show running-config

Verify your entries.

After you have configured the HTTP server interface, display the CMS access page, as described in the "Launching CMS" section.

Displaying CMS

This section provides these topics about displaying CMS:

"Launching CMS" section

"Front Panel View" section

"Topology View" section

Launching CMS

To display the switch access page, follow these steps:


Step 1 Enter the switch IP address in the browser, and press Return.

Step 2 Enter your username and password when prompted. If no username is configured on your switch (the default), enter only the enable password (if an enable password is configured) in the password field.

The switch home page appears, as shown in Figure 3-4.

Figure 3-4 Switch Home Page

The Switch Home Page has these tabs:

Express Setup—Opens the Express Setup page


Note You can use Express Setup to assign an IP address to an unconfigured switch. For more information, refer to the hardware installation guide.


Cluster Management Suite—Launches CMS

Tools—Accesses diagnostic and monitoring tools, such as Telnet, Extended Ping, and the show interfaces privileged EXEC command

Help Resources—Provides links to the Cisco website, technical documentation, and the Cisco Technical Assistance Center (TAC)


Note CMS is downloaded to your browser each time that you launch CMS. You can increase the speed at which CMS loads by permanently installing CMS on your PC or workstation. Select CMS > Installation and Distributions, and click Install. CMS is installed locally and loads faster the next time that you launch it.


Step 3 Click Cluster Management Suite to launch the CMS interface. The CMS Startup Report runs and verifies that your PC or workstation can correctly run CMS.

If you are running an unsupported operating system, web browser, CMS plug-in or Java plug-in, or if the plug-in is not enabled, the CMS Startup Report page appears, as shown in Figure 3-5.

Figure 3-5 CMS Startup Report

The CMS Startup Report has links that instruct you how to correctly configure your PC or workstation. If the CMS Startup Report appears, click the links, and follow the instructions to configure your PC or workstation.



Note If you are running Windows and need to both upgrade your web browser and install the CMS plug-in, you must upgrade your browser first. If you install the CMS plug-in and then upgrade your browser, the plug-in is not registered with the new browser.



Note If your PC or workstation is correctly configured for CMS, you do not see the CMS Startup Report.


When your PC or workstation is correctly configured, CMS launches.

Front Panel View

When CMS is launched from a noncommand switch, the Front Panel view displays by default, and the front-panel view displays only the front panel of the specific switch.

When CMS is launched from a command switch, you can display the Front Panel view by clicking the Front Panel button on the tool bar, as shown in Figure 3-6.

Figure 3-6 Toolbar

1

Front Panel view button

2

Topology view button


The Front Panel view displays the front-panel image of the command switch and other selected switches, as shown in Figure 3-7, and you can select more switches to be displayed.

You can choose and configure the switches that appear in Front Panel view. You can drag the switches that appear and re-arrange them. You can right-click on a switch port to configure that port.

Figure 3-7 Front Panel View and Port Popup Menu

1

Cluster tree

3

check boxes to show switches

2

Command switch

4

Port configuration popup menu



Note Figure 3-7 shows a cluster with a Catalyst 3550 switch as the command switch. Refer to the release notes for a list of switches that can be members of a cluster with a Catalyst 3750 switch as the command switch.



Note On Catalyst 1900 and Catalyst 2820 switches, CMS is referred to as Device Manager (also referred to as Switch Manager). Device Manager is for configuring an individual switch. When you select Device Manager for a specific switch in the cluster, you launch a separate CMS session. The Device Manager interface can vary among the Catalyst switch platforms.


Topology View

When CMS is launched from a command switch, the Topology view appears by default. (This view is available only when CMS is launched from a command switch.)

When you click the topology button on the tool bar, the Topology view displays the command switch (indicated by the *CMD* label) and the devices that are connected to it, as shown in Figure 3-8. You can right-click on a switch or link icon to display a menu for that icon.

Figure 3-8 Topology View and Device Popup Menus

1

Link popup menu

3

Command switch popup menu

2

Command switch

4

Cluster member popup menu



Note Figure 3-8 shows multiple popup menus. Only one popup menu at a time appears in the CMS.


The Topology view shows how the devices within a switch cluster are connected and how the switch cluster is connected to other clusters and devices. From this view, you can add and remove cluster members. This view provides two levels of detail of the network topology:

Expand Cluster—When you right-click a cluster icon and select Expand Cluster, the Topology view displays the switch cluster in detail. This view shows the command switch and member switches in a cluster. It also shows candidate switches that can join the cluster. This view does not display the details of any neighboring switch clusters

Collapse Cluster—When you right-click a command-switch icon and select Collapse Cluster, the cluster is collapsed and represented by a single icon. The view shows how the cluster is connected to other clusters, candidate switches, and devices that are not eligible to join the cluster (such as routers, access points, IP phones, and so on).


Note The Topology view displays only the switch cluster and network neighborhood of the specific command or member switch that you access. To display a different switch cluster, you need to access the command switch or member switch of that cluster.


CMS Icons

For a complete list of device and link icons available in CMS, select Help > Legend from the CMS menu bar.

Where to Go Next

See "Clustering Switches," for more information about command and member switches.

See "Administering the Switch," for more information about administrative tasks.

Click Help > What's New in the online help for a list of new CMS features in this release.

The rest of this guide provides information about the command-line interface (CLI) procedures for the software features supported in this release. For CMS procedures and window descriptions, refer to the online help.