Cisco Nexus 6000 Series NX-OS System Management Configuration Guide, Release 6.x
Configuring Online Diagnostics
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Configuring Online Diagnostics

Configuring Online Diagnostics

This chapter contains the following sections:

Information About Online Diagnostics

Online diagnostics provide verification of hardware components during switch bootup or reset, and they monitor the health of the hardware during normal switch operation.

Cisco Nexus Series switches support bootup diagnostics and runtime diagnostics. Bootup diagnostics include disruptive tests and nondisruptive tests that run during system bootup and system reset.

Runtime diagnostics (also known as health monitoring diagnostics) include nondisruptive tests that run in the background during normal operation of the switch.

Bootup Diagnostics

Bootup diagnostics detect faulty hardware before bringing the switch online. Bootup diagnostics also check the data path and control path connectivity between the supervisor and the ASICs. The following table describes the diagnostics that are run only during switch bootup or reset.

Table 1 Bootup Diagnostics

Diagnostic

Description

PCIe

Tests PCI express (PCIe) access.

NVRAM

Verifies the integrity of the NVRAM.

In band port

Tests connectivity of the inband port to the supervisor.

Management port

Tests the management port.

Memory

Verifies the integrity of the DRAM.

Bootup diagnostics also include a set of tests that are common with health monitoring diagnostics.

Bootup diagnostics log any failures to the onboard failure logging (OBFL) system. Failures also trigger an LED display to indicate diagnostic test states (on, off, pass, or fail).

You can configure Cisco Nexus device to either bypass the bootup diagnostics or run the complete set of bootup diagnostics.

Health Monitoring Diagnostics

Health monitoring diagnostics provide information about the health of the switch. They detect runtime hardware errors, memory errors, software faults, and resource exhaustion.

Health monitoring diagnostics are nondisruptive and run in the background to ensure the health of a switch that is processing live network traffic.

The following table describes the health monitoring diagnostics for the switch.

Table 2  Health Monitoring Diagnostics Tests

Diagnostic

Description

LED

Monitors port and system status LEDs.

Power Supply

Monitors the power supply health state.

Temperature Sensor

Monitors temperature sensor readings.

Test Fan

Monitors the fan speed and fan control.

The following table describes the health monitoring diagnostics that also run during system boot or system reset.

Table 3  Health Monitoring and Bootup Diagnostics Tests

Diagnostic

Description

SPROM

Verifies the integrity of backplane and supervisor SPROMs.

Fabric engine

Tests the switch fabric ASICs.

Fabric port

Tests the ports on the switch fabric ASIC.

Forwarding engine

Tests the forwarding engine ASICs.

Forwarding engine port

Tests the ports on the forwarding engine ASICs.

Front port

Tests the components (such as PHY and MAC) on the front ports.

Expansion Module Diagnostics

During the switch bootup or reset, the bootup diagnostics include tests for the in-service expansion modules in the switch.

When you insert an expansion module into a running switch, a set of diagnostics tests are run. The following table describes the bootup diagnostics for an expansion module. These tests are common with the bootup diagnostics. If the bootup diagnostics fail, the expansion module is not placed into service.

Table 4  Expansion Module Bootup and Health Monitoring Diagnostics

Diagnostic

Description

SPROM

Verifies the integrity of backplane and supervisor SPROMs.

Fabric engine

Tests the switch fabric ASICs.

Fabric port

Tests the ports on the switch fabric ASIC.

Forwarding engine

Tests the forwarding engine ASICs.

Forwarding engine port

Tests the ports on the forwarding engine ASICs.

Front port

Tests the components (such as PHY and MAC) on the front ports.

Health monitoring diagnostics are run on in-service expansion modules. The following table describes the additional tests that are specific to health monitoring diagnostics for expansion modules.

Table 5  Expansion Module Health Monitoring Diagnostics

Diagnostic

Description

LED

Monitors port and system status LEDs.

Temperature Sensor

Monitors temperature sensor readings.

Configuring Online Diagnostics

You can configure the bootup diagnostics to run the complete set of tests, or you can bypass all bootup diagnostic tests for a faster module boot up time.


Note


We recommend that you set the bootup online diagnostics level to complete. We do not recommend bypassing the bootup online diagnostics.


Procedure
      Command or Action Purpose
    Step 1 switch# configure terminal
     

    Enters configuration mode.

     
    Step 2 switch(config)# diagnostic bootup level [complete | bypass]
     

    Configures the bootup diagnostic level to trigger diagnostics when the device boots, as follows:

    • complete—Performs all bootup diagnostics. This is the default value.
    • bypass—Does not perform any bootup diagnostics.
     
    Step 3 switch# show diagnostic bootup level
     
    (Optional)

    Displays the bootup diagnostic level (bypass or complete) that is currently in place on the switch.

     

    The following example shows how to configure the bootup diagnostics level to trigger the complete diagnostics:

    switch# configure terminal
    
    switch(config)# diagnostic bootup level complete
    
     

    Verifying the Online Diagnostics Configuration

    To display online diagnostics configuration information, perform one of the following tasks:

    Command

    Purpose

    show diagnostic bootup level

    Displays the bootup diagnostics level.

    show diagnostic result module slot

    Displays the results of the diagnostics tests.

    Default Settings for Online Diagnostics

    The following table lists the default settings for online diagnostics parameters.

    Table 6  Default Online Diagnostics Parameters

    Parameters

    Default

    Bootup diagnostics level

    complete