Cisco Nexus 6000 Series NX-OS Layer 2 Switching Configuration Guide, Release 6.x
Configuring MAC Address Tables
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Configuring MAC Address Tables

This chapter contains the following sections:

Information About MAC Addresses

To switch frames between LAN ports, the switch maintains an address table. When the switch receives a frame, it associates the media access control (MAC) address of the sending network device with the LAN port on which it was received.

The switch dynamically builds the address table by using the MAC source address of the frames received. When the switch receives a frame for a MAC destination address not listed in its address table, it floods the frame to all LAN ports of the same VLAN except the port that received the frame. When the destination station replies, the switch adds its relevant MAC source address and port ID to the address table. The switch then forwards subsequent frames to a single LAN port without flooding all LAN ports.

You can also enter a MAC address, which is termed a static MAC address, into the table. These static MAC entries are retained across a reboot of the switch.

Configuring MAC Addresses

Configuring Static MAC Addresses

You can configure static MAC addresses for the switch. These addresses can be configured in interface configuration mode or in VLAN configuration mode.

Procedure
      Command or Action Purpose
    Step 1 switch# configure terminal 

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 2 switch(config) # mac-address-table static mac_address vlan vlan-id {drop | interface {type slot/port} | port-channel number} [auto-learn]  

    Specifies a static address to add to the MAC address table.

    If you enable the auto-learn option, the switch will update the entry if the same MAC address is seen on a different port.

    Note   

    If this is a 10G breakout port, the slot/port syntax is slot/QSFP-module/port.

     
    Step 3 switch(config)# no mac-address-table static mac_address vlan vlan-id   (Optional)

    Deletes the static entry from the MAC address table.

    Use the mac-address-table static command to assign a static MAC address to a virtual interface.

     

    This example shows how to put a static entry in the MAC address table:

    switch# configure terminal
    switch(config) # mac-address-table static 12ab.47dd.ff89 vlan 3 interface ethernet 2/1
    switch(config) #

    Configuring the Aging Time for the MAC Table

    You can configure the amount of time that an entry (the packet source MAC address and port that packet ingresses) remains in the MAC table. MAC aging time can be configured in either interface configuration mode or in VLAN configuration mode.

    Procedure
        Command or Action Purpose
      Step 1 switch# configure terminal 

      Enters global configuration mode.

       
      Step 2 switch(config)# mac-address-table aging-time seconds [vlan vlan_id]  

      Specifies the time before an entry ages out and is discarded from the MAC address table.

      The seconds range is from 0 to 1000000. The default is 1800 seconds. Entering the value 0 disables the MAC aging. If a VLAN is not specified, the aging specification applies to all VLANs.

       

      This example shows how to set the aging time for entries in the MAC address table to 1800 seconds (30 minutes):

      switch# configure terminal
      switch(config) # mac-address-table aging-time 1800
      switch(config) #

      Clearing Dynamic Addresses from the MAC Table

      Procedure
          Command or Action Purpose
        Step 1 switch# configure terminal 

        Enters global configuration mode.

         
        Step 2 switch(config)# clear mac-address-table dynamic {address mac-addr} {interface [type slot/port | port-channel number} {vlan vlan-id}  

        Clears the dynamic address entries from the MAC address table.

        Note   

        If this is a 10G breakout port, the slot/port syntax is slot/QSFP-module/port.

         

        Verifying the MAC Address Configuration

        Use one of the following commands to verify the configuration:

        Table 1 MAC Address Configuration Verification Commands

        Command

        Purpose

        show mac-address-table aging-time

        Displays the MAC address aging time for all VLANs defined in the switch.

        show mac-address-table

        Displays the contents of the MAC address table.

        Note   

        IGMP snooping learned MAC addresses are not displayed.

        This example shows how to display the MAC address table:

        switch# show mac-address-table VLAN      MAC Address       Type    Age       Port
        ---------+-----------------+-------+---------+------------------------------
        1         0018.b967.3cd0    dynamic 10        Eth1/3
        1         001c.b05a.5380    dynamic 200       Eth1/3
        Total MAC Addresses: 2
        
        

        This example shows how to display the current aging time:

        switch# show mac-address-table aging-time
        Vlan  Aging Time
        ----- ----------
        1     1800
        13    1800
        42    1800