Cisco Nexus 6000 Series NX-OS Layer 2 Switching Configuration Guide, Release 6.x
Configuring MAC Address Tables
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Configuring MAC Address Tables

Configuring MAC Address Tables

This chapter contains the following sections:

Information About MAC Addresses

To switch frames between LAN ports, the switch maintains an address table. When the switch receives a frame, it associates the media access control (MAC) address of the sending network device with the LAN port on which it was received.

The switch dynamically builds the address table by using the MAC source address of the frames received. When the switch receives a frame for a MAC destination address not listed in its address table, it floods the frame to all LAN ports of the same VLAN except the port that received the frame. When the destination station replies, the switch adds its relevant MAC source address and port ID to the address table. The switch then forwards subsequent frames to a single LAN port without flooding all LAN ports.

You can also enter a MAC address, which is termed a static MAC address, into the table. These static MAC entries are retained across a reboot of the switch.

RMAC Learning

Starting with Cisco NX-OS Release 7.2(0)N1(1), the RMAC Learning feature is supported on Cisco Nexus 5600 and 6000 series switches. This feature allows the default MAC address (RMAC) of a VLAN interface to be dynamically learned on another VLAN over a bridged interface on the switch. For example, consider two VLANs—VLAN X and VLAN Y—bridged over an external device. If a customer has a VLAN interface configured on VLAN Y, the MAC address of the interface will be dynamically learned on VLAN X.

Configuring MAC Addresses

Configuring Static MAC Addresses

You can configure static MAC addresses for the switch. These addresses can be configured in interface configuration mode or in VLAN configuration mode.

Procedure
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1switch# configure terminal  

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 2 switch(config) # mac-address-table static mac_address vlan vlan-id {drop | interface {type slot/port} | port-channel number} [auto-learn]  

    Specifies a static address to add to the MAC address table.

    If you enable the auto-learn option, the switch will update the entry if the same MAC address is seen on a different port.

    Note   

    If this is a 10G breakout port, the slot/port syntax is slot/QSFP-module/port.

     
    Step 3 switch(config)# no mac address-table static mac_address vlan vlan-id   (Optional)

    Deletes the static entry from the MAC address table.

    Use the mac address-table static command to assign a static MAC address to a virtual interface.

     

    This example shows how to put a static entry in the MAC address table:

    switch# configure terminal
    switch(config) # mac address-table static 12ab.47dd.ff89 vlan 3 interface ethernet 1/4
    switch(config) #

    Configuring the Aging Time for the MAC Table

    You can configure the amount of time that an entry (the packet source MAC address and port that packet ingresses) remains in the MAC table. MAC aging time can be configured in either interface configuration mode or in VLAN configuration mode.

    Procedure
       Command or ActionPurpose
      Step 1switch# configure terminal  

      Enters global configuration mode.

       
      Step 2switch(config)# mac-address-table aging-time seconds [vlan vlan_id]  

      Specifies the time before an entry ages out and is discarded from the MAC address table.

      The seconds range is from 0 to 1000000. The default is 300 seconds for Cisco NX-OS 5500 and 1800 for Cisco NX-OS 5600 and 6000 series. Entering the value 0 disables the MAC aging. If a VLAN is not specified, the aging specification applies to all VLANs.

       

      This example shows how to set the aging time for entries in the MAC address table to 300 seconds:

      switch# configure terminal
      switch(config) # mac-address-table aging-time 300
      switch(config) #

      Configuring MAC Move Loop Detection

      When the number of MAC address moves between two ports exceeds a threshold, it forms a loop. From Cisco NX-OS release 6.0(2)N2(1), you can configure the action of bringing down the port with the lower interface index when such a loop is detected by using the mac address-table loop-detect port-down command. To revert to the default action of disabling MAC learning, use the no form of this command.


      Note


      If only the loop-detect port-down configuration is enabled, the last port on which MAC loop is detected is err-disabled.


      Procedure
         Command or ActionPurpose
        Step 1switch# configure terminal  

        Enters global configuration mode.

         
        Step 2switch(config)# [no] mac address-table loop-detect port-down  

        Specifies the port-down action for MAC move loop detection. The no form of this command reverts to the default action of disabling MAC learning for 180 seconds.

         
        Step 3switch(config)# mac address-table loop-detect port-down edge-port  

        Enables the err-disabled detection for the edge-port on the MAC move loop detection.

         

        This example shows how to configure port-down as the action for MAC move loop detection.

        switch# configure terminal
        switch(config)# mac address-table loop-detect port-down

        This example shows how to enable the err-disabled detection for the edge-port on the MAC move loop detection.

        switch# configure terminal
        switch(config)# mac address-table loop-detect port-down edge-port

        Clearing Dynamic Addresses from the MAC Table

        Procedure
           Command or ActionPurpose
          Step 1switch# configure terminal  

          Enters global configuration mode.

           
          Step 2switch(config)# clear mac-address-table dynamic {address mac-addr} {interface [type slot/port | port-channel number} {vlan vlan-id}  

          Clears the dynamic address entries from the MAC address table.

          Note   

          If this is a 10G breakout port, the slot/port syntax is slot/QSFP-module/port.

           

          Enabling RMAC Learning Feature

          Procedure

             Command or ActionPurpose
            Step 1switch# configure terminal  

            Enters global configuration mode.

             
            Step 2switch(config)# [no] mac address-table router-mac learn-enable  

            Enables/disables the RMAC learning feature.

            • You can use the clear mac address-table dynamic command to clear the learned MAC addresses.

             

            Verifying the MAC Address Configuration

            Use one of the following commands to verify the configuration:

            Table 1 MAC Address Configuration Verification Commands

            Command

            Purpose

            show mac-address-table aging-time

            Displays the MAC address aging time for all VLANs defined in the switch.

            show mac-address-table

            Displays the contents of the MAC address table.

            Note   

            IGMP snooping learned MAC addresses are not displayed.

            show mac address-table loop-detect

            Displays the currently configured action.

            This example shows how to display the MAC address table:

            switch# show mac-address-table
            VLAN      MAC Address       Type    Age       Port
            ---------+-----------------+-------+---------+------------------------------
            1         0018.b967.3cd0    dynamic 10        Eth1/3
            1         001c.b05a.5380    dynamic 200       Eth1/3
            Total MAC Addresses: 2
            
            

            This example shows how to display the current aging time:

            switch# show mac-address-table aging-time
            Vlan  Aging Time
            ----- ----------
            1     300
            13    300
            42    300

            This example shows how to display the currently configured action:

            switch# configure terminal
            switch(config)# show mac address-table loop-detect
            Port Down Action Mac Loop Detect : enabled
            
            
            
            
            switch# configure terminal
            switch(config)# no mac address-table loop-detect port-down
            switch(config)# show mac address-table loop-detect
            Port Down Action Mac Loop Detect : disabled

            Verifying RMAC Learning Feature

            Use the show mac address-table interface type slot/port vlan vlan_id command to display the information about the MAC address table. In the sample output given below, RMAC is learned on Ethernet 1/33.

            switch# show mac address-table interface ethernet 1/33 vlan 2
            
            Legend:
                    * - primary entry, G - Gateway MAC, (R) - Routed MAC, O - Overlay MAC
                    age - seconds since last seen,+ - primary entry using vPC Peer-Link
               VLAN     MAC Address      Type      age     Secure NTFY   Ports/SWID.SSID.LID
            ---------+-----------------+--------+---------+------+----+------------------
            * 2        002a.6aca.b6bc    dynamic   20         F    F  Eth1/33