Cisco Nexus 1000V System Management Configuration Guide, Release 4.2(1)SV2(1.1)
Configuring Local SPAN and ERSPAN
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Configuring Local SPAN and ERSPAN

Contents

Configuring Local SPAN and ERSPAN

This chapter contains the following sections:

Information About SPAN and ERSPAN

The Switched Port Analyzer (SPAN) feature (sometimes called port mirroring or port monitoring) allows network traffic to be analyzed by a network analyzer such as a Cisco SwitchProbe or other Remote Monitoring (RMON) probe.

SPAN allows you to monitor traffic on one or more ports, or one or more VLANs, and send the monitored traffic to one or more destination ports where the network analyzer is attached.

SPAN Sources

The interfaces from which traffic can be monitored are called SPAN sources. These sources include Ethernet, virtual Ethernet, port-channel, port profile, and VLAN. When a VLAN is specified as a SPAN source, all supported interfaces in the VLAN are SPAN sources. When a port profile is specified as a SPAN source, all ports that inherit the port profile are SPAN sources. Traffic can be monitored in the receive direction, the transmit direction, or both directions for Ethernet and virtual Ethernet source interfaces as described by the following:

  • Receive source (Rx)—Traffic that enters the switch through this source port is copied to the SPAN destination port.
  • Transmit source (Tx)—Traffic that exits the switch through this source port is copied to the SPAN destination port

Characteristics of SPAN Sources

A Local SPAN source has these characteristics:

  • Can be port type Ethernet, virtual Ethernet, port channel, port profile, or VLAN.
  • Cannot be a destination port or port profile
  • Can be configured to monitor the direction of traffic —receive, transmit, or both.
  • Source ports can be in the same or different VLANs.
  • For VLAN SPAN sources, all active ports in the source VLAN are included as source ports.
  • Local SPAN sources must be on the same host Virtual Ethernet Module (VEM) as the destination port.
  • For port profile sources, all active interfaces attached to the port profile are included as source ports.

SPAN Destinations

SPAN destinations refer to the interfaces that monitor source ports.

Characteristics of Local SPAN Destinations

Each local SPAN session must have at least one destination port (also called a monitoring port) that receives a copy of traffic from the source ports or VLANs. A destination port has these characteristics:

  • Can be any physical or virtual Ethernet port, a port channel, or a port profile.
  • Cannot be a source port or port profile.
  • Is excluded from the source list and is not monitored if it belongs to a source VLAN of any SPAN session or a source port profile.
  • Receives copies of transmitted and received traffic for all monitored source ports in the same VEM module. If a destination port is oversubscribed, it can become congested. This congestion can affect traffic forwarding on one or more of the source ports.
  • Must not be private VLAN mode.
  • A destination port can only monitor sources on the same host (VEM)
  • Destination ports in access mode receive monitored traffic on all the VLANs.
  • Destination ports in trunk mode receive monitored traffic only on the allowed VLANs in the trunk configuration.

Characteristics of ERSPAN Destinations

  • An ERSPAN destination is specified by an IP address.
  • In ERSPAN, the source SPAN interface and destination SPAN interface may be on different devices interconnected by an IP network. ERSPAN traffic is GRE-encapsulated.

Local SPAN

In Local SPAN, the source interface and destination interface are on the same VEM. The network analyzer is attached directly to the SPAN destination port. The SPAN source can be a port, a VLAN interface, or a port profile.The destination can be a port or port profile.

The diagram shows that traffic transmitted by host A is received on the SPAN source interface. Traffic (ACLs, QoS, and so forth) is processed as usual. Traffic is then replicated. The original packet is forwarded on toward host B. The replicated packet is then sent to the destination SPAN interface where the monitor is attached.

Local SPAN can replicate to one or more destination ports. Traffic can be filtered so that only traffic of interest is sent out the destination SPAN interface.

Local SPAN can monitor all traffic received on the source interface including BPDUs.



Figure 1. Local SPAN

Encapsulated Remote SPAN

Encapsulated remote (ER) SPAN monitors traffic in multiple network devices across an IP network and sends that traffic in an encapsulated envelope to destination analyzers. In contrast, Local SPAN cannot forward traffic through the IP network. ERSPAN can be used to monitor traffic remotely. ERSPAN sources can be ports, VLANs, or port profiles.

In the following diagram, the ingress and egress traffic for host A are monitored using ERSPAN. Encapsulated ERSPAN packets are routed from host A through the routed network to the destination device where they are decapsulated and forwarded to the attached network analyzer. The destination may also be on the same Layer 2 network as the source.

Figure 2. ERSPAN Example



Network Analysis Module

You can also use the Cisco Network Analysis Module (NAM) to monitor ERSPAN data sources for application performance, traffic analysis, and packet header analysis.

To use NAM for monitoring the Cisco Nexus 1000V ERSPAN data sources, see the Cisco Nexus 1010 Network Analysis Module Installation and Configuration Note.

SPAN Sessions

You can create up to 64 total SPAN sessions (Local SPAN plus ERSPAN) on the VEM.

You must configure an ERSPAN session ID that is added to the ERSPAN header of the encapsulated frame to differentiate between ERSPAN streams of traffic at the termination box. You can also configure the range of flow ID numbers.

When trunk ports are configured as SPAN sources and destinations, you can filter VLANs to send to the destination ports from among those allowed. Both sources and destinations must be configured to allow the VLANs.

The following diagram shows one example of a VLAN-based SPAN configuration in which traffic is copied from three VLANs to three specified destination ports. You can choose which VLANs to allow on each destination port to limit the traffic transmitted. In the diagram, the device transmits packets from one VLAN at each destination port. The destinations in this example are trunks on which allowed VLANs are configured.


Note


VLAN-based SPAN sessions cause all source packets to be copied to all destinations, whether the packets are required at the destination or not. VLAN traffic filtering occurs at transmit destination ports.


Figure 3. VLAN-based SPAN Configuration Example



Guidelines and Limitations for SPAN

  • A maximum of 64 SPAN sessions (Local SPAN plus ERSPAN) can be configured on the Virtual Supervisor Module (VSM).
  • A maximum of 32 source VLANs are allowed in a session.
  • A maximum of 32 destinations are allowed for a Local SPAN session.
  • A maximum of 128 source interfaces are allowed in a session.

Caution


Overload Potential

To avoid an overload on uplink ports, use caution when configuring ERSPAN, especially when sourcing VLANs.


  • A port can be configured in a maximum of four SPAN sessions.
  • The destination port used in one SPAN session cannot also be used as the destination port for another SPAN session.
  • You cannot configure a port as both a source and destination port.
  • In a SPAN session, packets that source ports receive may be replicated even though they are not transmitted on the ports. The following are examples of this behavior:
    • Traffic that results from flooding
    • Broadcast and multicast traffic
  • For VLAN SPAN sessions switched on the same VLAN with both receive and transmit configured, two packets (one from receive and one from transmit) are forwarded from the destination port.
  • ERSPAN traffic might compete with regular data traffic.
  • Only ERSPAN source sessions are supported. Destination sessions are not supported.
  • When a session is configured through the ERSPAN configuration commands, the session ID and the session type cannot be changed. In order to change them, you must first delete the session and then create a new session.

Default Settings for SPAN

Parameters

Default

State

SPAN sessions are created in the shut state.

Description

blank

Traffic direction for source interface or port profile

both

Traffic direction for source VLAN

receive (ingress or RX)

Configuring SPAN

This section describes how to configure SPAN and includes the following procedures:

  • Configuring a Local SPAN Session
  • Configuring an ERSPAN Port Profile
  • Configuring an ERSPAN Session
  • Shutting Down a SPAN Session
  • Resuming a SPAN Session
  • Verifying the SPAN Configuration

Configuring a Local SPAN Session

This procedure involves creating the SPAN session in monitor configuration mode, and then, optionally, configuring allowed VLANs in interface configuration mode.

It is important to know the following information about SPAN:

  • SPAN sessions are created in the shut state by default.
  • When you create a SPAN session that already exists, any additional configuration is added to that session. To make sure the session is cleared of any previous configuration, you can delete the session first. This procedure includes how to do this.
  • The source and destination ports are already configured in either access or trunk mode. For more information, see the Cisco Nexus 1000V Interface Configuration Guide.
Before You Begin

Before beginning this procedure, you must be logged in to the CLI in EXEC mode and be sure you know the number of the SPAN session you are going to configure.

Procedure
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1switch# configure terminal 

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 2switch(config)# no monitor session session-number 

    Clears the specified session.

     
    Step 3switch(config)# monitor session session-number 

    Creates a session with the given session number and places you in monitor configuration mode to further configure the session.

     
    Step 4switch(config-monitor)# description description 

    Adds a description for the specified SPAN session.

    The description can be up to 32 alphanumeric characters.

    The default is blank (no description)

     
    Step 5switch(config-monitor)# source {interface {type} {id} | vlan {id | range} | port-profile {name}} [rx | tx | both] 

    For the specified session, configures the sources and the direction of traffic to monitor.

    • For the type argument, specify the interface type—Ethernet or vEthernet.
    • For the id argument, specify the vEthernet number, the Ethernet slot/port, or the VLAN ID to monitor.
    • For the range argument, specify the VLAN range to monitor.
    • For the name argument, specify the name of the existing port profile. This port profile is different from the port profile created to carry ERSPAN packets through the IP network as defined in the “Configuring an ERSPAN Port Profile” section on page 9-9
    • For the traffic direction keywords, specify as follows:
      • rx which is the VLAN default indicates receive.
      • tx indicates transmit.
      • bothis the default keyword
     
    Step 6Repeat Step 5 to configure additional SPAN sources.  (Optional) 
    Step 7switch(config-monitor)# filter vlan {id | range}  (Optional)

    For the specified SPAN session, configures the filter from among the source VLANs.

     
    Step 8Repeat Step 7 to configure all source VLANs to filter.  (Optional) 
    Step 9switch(config-monitor)# destination {interface {type} {id | range} | port-profile {name}} 
    For the specified SPAN session, configures the destination(s) for copied source packets.
    • For the type argument, specify the interface type—Ethernet or vEthernet.
    • For the id argument, specify the vEthernet number or the Ethernet slot/port to monitor.
    • For the name argument specify the name of the port profile to monitor.
     
    Step 10 Repeat Step 9 to configure all SPAN destination ports.  (Optional) 
    Step 11switch(config-monitor)# no shut 

    Enables the SPAN session. By default, the session is created in the shut state.

     
    Step 12switch(config-monitor)# exit  (Optional)

    Exits monitor configuration mode and places you in interface configuration mode.

     
    Step 13switch(config-if)# show monitor session session-number  (Optional)

    Displays the configured monitor session.

     
    Step 14switch(config-if)# show interface {type} {id} switchport 
    Displays the configured port including allowed VLANs.
    • For the type argument, specify the interface type—Ethernet or vEthernet.
    • For the id argument, specify the vEthernet number or the Ethernet slot/port to monitor.
     
    Step 15switch(config-if)# copy running-config startup-config  (Optional)

    Saves the change persistently through reboots and restarts by copying the running configuration to the startup configuration.

     
    switch# configure terminal
    switch(config)# no monitor session 3
    switch(config)# monitor session 3
    switch(config-monitor)# description my_span_session_3
    switch(config-monitor)# source interface ethernet 2/1-3, ethernet 3/1 rx
    switch(config-monitor)# filter vlan 3-5, 7
    switch(config-monitor)# destination interface ethernet 2/5, ethernet 3/7
    switch(config-monitor)# no shut
    switch(config-monitor)# exit
    switch(config-if)# show monitor session 3
    switch(config-if)# show interface ethernet 2/5 switchport
    switch(config-if)# copy running-config startup-config

    Configuring an ERSPAN Port Profile

    You can configure a port profile on the VSM to carry ERSPAN packets through the IP network to a remote destination analyzer.

    You must complete this configuration for all hosts in vCenter Server.

    This procedure includes steps to configure the port profile for the following requirements:

    • ERSPAN for Layer 3 control.
    • An access port profile. It cannot be a trunk port profile.

    Only one VMKNIC can be assigned to this Layer 3 control port profile per host as follows:

    • If more than one VMKNIC is assigned to a host, the first one assigned takes effect. The second one is not considered a Layer 3 control VMKNIC.
    • If more than one VMKNIC is assigned to a host, and you remove the second assigned one, the VEM does not use the first assigned one. Instead, you must remove both VMKNICs and then add one back.
    Before You Begin

    Before beginning this procedure, be sure you have done the following:

    • Logged in to the CLI in EXEC mode
    • Established the name to be used for this port profile

      Note


      The port profile name is used to configure the VM Kernal NIC (VMKNIC). A VMKNIC is required on each ESX host to send ERSPAN-encapsulated IP packets; and must have IP connectivity to the ERSPAN destination IP address.


    • Established the name of the VMware port group to which this profile maps.
    • Created the system VLAN that sends IP traffic to the ERSPAN destination; and you know the VLAN ID that will be used in this configuration.
    • Obtained the VMware documentation for adding a new virtual adapter.

      Note


      In order to ensure VSM-VEM control communication messages are not dropped, it is recommended to configure the QoS queuing feature on the uplink interface to which the vmknic with capability L3 control is mapped. For more details, see the Cisco Nexus 1000V Quality of Service Configuration Guide.


    For more information about system port profiles, see the Cisco Nexus 1000V Port Profile Configuration Guide.

    Procedure
       Command or ActionPurpose
      Step 1switch# configure terminal 

      Enters global configuration mode.

       
      Step 2 switch(config)# port-profile port_profile_name 

      Creates the port profile and places you in global configuration mode for the specified port profile. This command saves the port profile in the running configuration.

      The port profile name can be up to 80 characters and must be unique for each port profile on the Cisco Nexus 1000V.

       
      Step 3switch(config-prot-prof)# capability l3control 

      Configures the port profile to carry ERSPAN traffic and saves the port profile in the running configuration.

       
      Step 4switch(config-prot-prof)# vmware port-group name 

      Designates the port profile as a VMware port group and adds the name of the VMware port group to which this profile maps. This command saves the settings in the running configuration.

      The port profile is mapped to a VMware port group of the same name. When a vCenter Server connection is established, the port group created in Cisco Nexus 1000V is then distributed to the virtual switch on the vCenter Server.

      The name argument is the same as the port profile name if you do not specify a port group name. If you want to map the port profile to a different port group name, use the name option followed by the alternate name.

       
      Step 5switch(config-prot-prof)# switchport mode access 

      Designates the interfaces as switch access ports (the default).

       
      Step 6switch(config-prot-prof)# switchport access vlan id  

      Assigns a VLAN ID to the access port for this port profile and saves the setting in the running configuration.

      This VLAN is used to send IP traffic to the ERSPAN destination.

       
      Step 7switch(config-prot-prof)# no shutdown  

      Enables the interface in the running configuration.

       
      Step 8switch(config-prot-prof)# system vlan id 

      Associates the system VLAN ID with the port profile and saves it in the running configuration.

      The ID must match the VLAN ID that is assigned to the access port. If it does not match, then the following error message is generated:
      ERROR: System vlan being set does not match the switchport access vlan 2
       
      Step 9switch(config-prot-prof)# state enabled 

      Enables the port profile in the running configuration.

      This port profile is now ready to send out ERSPAN packets on all ESX hosts with ERSPAN sources.

       
      Step 10switch(config-prot-prof)# show port-profile name port_profile_name  (Optional)

      Displays the configuration for the specified port profile as it exists in the running configuration.

       
      Step 11switch(config-port-prof)# copy running-config startup-config  (Optional)

      Saves the change persistently through reboots and restarts by copying the running configuration to the startup configuration.

       
      Step 12Using the VMware documentation, go to vSphere Client and configure a VMKNIC on each ESX Host for sending ERSPAN-encapsulated packets. Make sure that the VMKNIC points to this port profile as a new virtual adapter. This VMKNIC must have IP connectivity to the ERSPAN destination IP address.   
      switch# configure terminal
      switch(config)# port-profile erspan_profile
      switch(config-port-prof)# capability l3control
      switch(config-port-prof)# vmware port-group erspan
      switch(config-port-prof)# switchport mode access
      switch(config-port-prof)# switchport access vlan 2
      switch(config-port-prof)# no shutdown
      switch(config-port-prof)# system vlan 2
      switch(config-port-prof)# state enabled
      switch(config-port-prof)# show port-profile name erspan
      port-profile erspan
        description: 
        status: enabled
        capability uplink: no
        capability l3control: yes
        system vlans: 2
        port-group: access
        max-ports: 32
        inherit:
        config attributes:
          switchport access vlan 2
          no shutdown
        evaluated config attributes:
          switchport access vlan 2
          no shutdown
        assigned interfaces:
      n1000v(config-port-prof)# copy running-config startup-config

      Configuring an ERSPAN Session

      This procedure involves creating the SPAN session in ERSPAN source configuration mode (config-erspan-source).

      SPAN sessions are created in the shut state by default.

      When you create a SPAN session that already exists, any additional configuration is added to that session. To make sure the session is cleared of any previous configuration, you can delete the session first. The step to do this is included in the procedure.

      Before You Begin

      Before beginning this procedure, be sure you have done the following:

      • Logged in to the CLI in EXEC mode
      • Obtained the number of the SPAN session that you are going to configure
      • Configured an ERSPAN-capable port profile on the VSM
      • Using the VMware documentation for adding a new virtual adapter, you have already configured the required VMKNIC on each ESX host. The VMKNIC must have IP connectivity to the ERSPAN destination IP address for sending ERSPAN-encapsulated packets.
      Procedure
         Command or ActionPurpose
        Step 1switch# configure terminal 

        Enters global configuration mode.

         
        Step 2switch(config)# no monitor session session-number  

        Clears the specified session.

         
        Step 3switch(config)# monitor session session-number type erspan-source 

        Creates a session with the given session number and places you in ERSPAN source configuration mode. This configuration is saved in the running configuration.

         
        Step 4switch(config-erspan-src)# description description 

        For the specified ERSPAN session, adds a description and saves it in the running configuration.

        The description can be up to 32 alphanumeric characters

        The default is blank (no description)

         

        Step 5switch(config-erspan-src)#source {interface type {number| range} | vlan {number | range} | port-profile {name}} [rx | tx | both] 

        For the specified session, configures the sources and the direction of traffic to monitor and saves them in the running configuration.

        • For the type argument, specify the interface type—ethernet, port-channel, vethernet.
        • For the number argument, specify the interface slot/port or range; or the VLAN number or range to monitor.
        • For the name argument, specify the name of the existing port profile.
        • For the traffic direction keywords, specify as follows:
          • rx which is the VLAN default indicates receive.
          • tx indicates transmit.
          • bothis the default keyword
         
        Step 6Repeat Step 5 to configure additional ERSPAN sources.  (Optional) 
        Step 7switch(config-erspan-src)# filter vlan {number | range}  (Optional)

        For the specified ERSPAN session, configures the VLANs, VLAN lists, or VLAN ranges to be monitored; and saves the VLAN arguments to the running configuration.

        On the monitor port, only the traffic from the VLANs that match the VLAN filter list are replicated to the destination.

         
        Step 8Repeat Step 7 to configure all source VLANs to filter.  (Optional) 
        Step 9switch(config-erspan-src)# destination ip ip_address 

        Configures the IP address of the host to which the encapsulated traffic is sent in this monitor session and saves it in the running configuration.

         
        Step 10switch(config-erspan-src)# ip ttl ttl_value  (Optional)

        Specifies the IP time-to-live value, from 1 to 255, for ERSPAN packets in this monitor session and saves it in the running configuration.

         
        Step 11switch(config-erspan-src)# ip prec precedence_value  (Optional)

        Specifies the IP precedence value, from 0 to 7, for the ERSPAN packets in this monitor session and saves it in the running configuration.

        The default value is 0.

         
        Step 12switch(config-erspan-src)# ip dscp dscp_value  (Optional)

        Specifies the IP DSCP value, from 0 to 63. for the ERSPAN packets in this monitor session and saves it in the running configuration.

        The default is 0.

         
        Step 13switch(config-erspan-src)# mtu mtu_value  (Optional)

        Specifies an MTU size (from 50 to 1500) for ERSPAN packets in this monitor session and saves it in the running configuration. The 1500 MTU size limit includes a 50 byte overhead added to monitored packets by ERSPAN. Packets larger than this size are truncated.

        The default is 1500.

        Note   

        If the ERSPAN destination is a Cisco 6500 switch, truncated ERSPAN packets are dropped unless the no mls verify ip length consistent command is configured on the Cisco 6500.

         
        Step 14switch(config-erspan-src)# header-type value 

        Specifies the ERSPAN header type (2 or 3) used for ERSPAN encapsulation for this monitor session as follows:

        • 2 is the ERPSPANv2 header type (the default)
        • 3 is the ERSPANv3 header type (Used with NAM setups. Any other type of destination works only with the default v2 headers.)
         
        Step 15switch(config-erspan-src)# erspan-id flow_id 

        Adds an ERSPAN ID from 1 to 1023) to the session configuration and saves it in the running configuration.

        The session ERSPAN ID is added to the ERSPAN header of the encapsulated frame and can be used at the termination box to differentiate between various ERSPAN streams of traffic.

         
        Step 16switch(config-erspan-src)# no shut 

        Enables the ERSPAN session and saves it in the running configuration.

        By default, the session is created in the shut state.

         
        Step 17switch(config-erspan-src)# show monitor session session_id  (Optional)

        Displays the ERSPAN session configuration as it exists in the running configuration

         
        Step 18switch(config-erspan-src)# copy running-config startup-config  (Optional)

        Saves the running configuration persistently through reboots and restarts by copying it to the startup configuration.

         
        switch# configure terminal
        switch(config)# no monitor session 3
        switch(config)# monitor session 3 type erspan
        switch(config-erspan-src)# description my_erspan_session_3
        switch(config-erspan-src)# source interface ethernet 2/1-3, ethernet 3/1 rx
        switch(config-erspan-src)# filter vlan 3-5, 7
        switch(config-erspan-src)# destination ip 10.54.54.1
        switch(config-erspan-src)# ip ttl 64
        switch(config-erspan-src)# ip prec 1
        switch(config-erspan-src)# ip dscp 24
        switch(config-erspan-src)# mtu 1000
        switch(config-erspan-src)# header-type 2
        switch(config-erspan-src)# erspan-id 51
        switch(config-erspan-src)# no shut
        switch(config-erspan-src)# show monitor session 3
        switch(config-erspan-src)# copy running-config startup-config

        Shutting Down a SPAN Session from Global Configuration Mode

        Before You Begin

        Before beginning this procedure, be sure you have done the following:

        • Logged in to the CLI in EXEC mode.
        • Determined which session you want to shutdown
        Procedure
           Command or ActionPurpose
          Step 1switch# configure terminal 

          Enters global configuration mode.

           
          Step 2switch(config)# monitor session {session-number | session-range | all} shut 

          Shuts down the specified SPAN monitor session(s) from global configuration mode.

          • The session-number argument specifies a particular SPAN session number.
          • The session-range argument specifies a range of SPAN sessions from 1 to 64.
          • The all keyword specifies all SPAN monitor sessions.
           
          Step 3switch(config)# show monitor   (Optional)

          Displays the status of the SPAN sessions.

           
          Step 4switch(config)# copy running-config startup-config  (Optional)

          Saves the running configuration persistently through reboots and restarts by copying it to the startup configuration.

           
          switch# configure terminal
          switch(config)# monitor session 3 shut 
          switch(config)# show monitor
          switch(config)# copy running-config startup-config

          Shutting Down a SPAN Session from Monitor Configuration Mode

          Before You Begin

          Before beginning this procedure, be sure you have done the following:

          • Logged in to the CLI in EXEC mode.
          • Determined which session you want to shutdown
          Procedure
             Command or ActionPurpose
            Step 1switch# configure terminal 

            Enters global configuration mode.

             
            Step 2switch(config)# monitor session {session-number | session-range | all} [type erspan-source] 

            Specifies the SPAN monitor session(s) ) you want to shut down from monitor-configuration mode.

            • The session-number argument specifies a particular SPAN session number.
            • The session-range argument specifies a range of SPAN sessions from 1 to 64.
            • The all keyword specifies all SPAN monitor sessions.
             
            Step 3switch(config)# shut 

            Shuts down the specified SPAN monitor session(s) from monitor configuration mode.

             
            Step 4switch(config-monitor)# show monitor   (Optional)

            Displays the status of the SPAN sessions.

             
            Step 5switch(config-monitor)# copy running-config startup-config  (Optional)

            Saves the running configuration persistently through reboots and restarts by copying it to the startup configuration.

             
            switch# configure terminal
            switch(config)# monitor session 3 
            switch(config-monitor)# shut
            switch(config-monitor)# show monitor
            switch(config-monitor)# copy running-config startup-config

            Resuming a SPAN Session from Global Configuration Mode

            You can discontinue copying packets from one source and destination and then resume from another source and destination in global configuration mode.

            Before You Begin

            Before beginning this procedure, be sure you have done the following:

            • Logged in to the CLI in EXEC mode.
            • Determined which SPAN session that you want to configure.
            Procedure
               Command or ActionPurpose
              Step 1switch# configure terminal 

              Enters global configuration mode.

               
              Step 2switch(config)# [no]monitor session {session-number | session-range | all} shut 

              Shuts down the specified SPAN monitor session(s) from global configuration mode.

              • The session-number argument specifies a particular SPAN session number.
              • The session-range argument specifies a range of SPAN sessions from 1 to 64.
              • The all keyword specifies all SPAN monitor sessions.
               
              Step 3switch(config)# show monitor   (Optional)

              Displays the status of the SPAN sessions.

               
              Step 4switch(config)# copy running-config startup-config  (Optional)

              Saves the running configuration persistently through reboots and restarts by copying it to the startup configuration.

               
              switch# configure terminal
              switch(config)# no monitor session 3 shut 
              switch(config)# show monitor
              switch(config)# copy running-config startup-config

              Resuming a SPAN Session from Monitor Configuration Mode

              You can discontinue copying packets from one source and destination and then resume from another source and destination in monitor configuration mode.

              Before You Begin

              Before beginning this procedure, be sure you have done the following:

              • Logged in to the CLI in EXEC mode.
              • Determined which SPAN session that you want to configure.
              Procedure
                 Command or ActionPurpose
                Step 1switch# configure terminal 

                Enters global configuration mode.

                 
                Step 2switch(config)# [no] monitor session {session-number | session-range | all} shut 

                Shuts down the specified SPAN monitor session(s) from monitor configuration mode.

                • The session-number argument specifies a particular SPAN session number.
                • The session-range argument specifies a range of SPAN sessions from 1 to 64.
                • The all keyword specifies all SPAN monitor sessions.
                 
                Step 3switch(config-monitor)# show monitor   (Optional)

                Displays the status of the SPAN sessions.

                 
                Step 4switch(config-monitor)# show monitor session session-id  (Optional)

                Displays detailed configuration and status of a specific SPAN session for verification.

                 
                Step 5switch(config-monitor)# copy running-config startup-config  (Optional)

                Saves the running configuration persistently through reboots and restarts by copying it to the startup configuration.

                 
                switch# configure terminal
                switch(config)# monitor session 3 
                switch(config-monitor)# no shut
                switch(config-monitor)# show monitor
                switch(config-monitor)# show monitor session 3
                switch(config-monitor)# copy running-config startup-config

                Configuring the Allowable ERSPAN Flow IDs

                Use this procedure to restrict the allowable range of available flow IDs that can be assigned to ERSPAN sessions

                The available ERSPAN flow IDs are from 1 to 1023.

                Before You Begin

                Before beginning this procedure, be sure you have done the following:

                • Logged in to the CLI in EXEC mode.
                • Determined the restricted range of ERSPAN flow IDs that you want to designate.
                Procedure
                   Command or ActionPurpose
                  Step 1switch# configure terminal 

                  Enters global configuration mode.

                   
                  Step 2switch(config)# [no] limit-resource erspan-flow-id minimum min_val maximum max_val 

                  Restricts the allowable range of ERSPAN flow IDs that can be assigned.

                  The allowable range is from 1 to 1023.

                  The defaults are as follows:

                  The minimum value = 1

                  The maximum value = 1023

                  The no form of this command removes any configured values and restores default values.

                   
                  Step 3switch(config)# show running monitor  (Optional)

                  Displays changes to the default limit-resource erspan-flow-id values for verification

                   
                  Step 4switch(config)# copy running-config startup-config  (Optional)

                  Saves the change persistently through reboots and restarts by copying the running configuration to the startup configuration.

                   
                  switch# configure terminal
                  switch(config)# limit-resource erspan-flow-id minimum 20 maximum 40 
                  switch(config)# show monitor
                  switch(config)# show running monitor
                  switch(config)# copy running-config startup-config

                  Verifying the SPAN Configuration

                  Use one of the following commands to verify the configuration:

                  Command

                  Purpose

                  show monitor session {all | session-number | range session-range} [brief]

                  Displays the SPAN session configuration.

                  show monitor

                  Displays Ethernet SPAN information.

                  module vem module-number execute vemcmd show span

                  Displays the configured SPAN sessions on a VEM module.

                  show port-profile name port_profile_name

                  Displays a port profile.

                  Configuration Example for an ERSPAN Session

                  The following example shows how to create an ERSPAN session for a source Ethernet interface and destination IP address on the Cisco Nexus 1000V.CSCtn56340 Packets arriving at the destination IP are identified by the ID 999 in their header.

                  switch# monitor session 2 type erspan-source 
                  switch(config-erspan-src)# source interface ethernet 3/3
                  switch(config-erspan-src)# source port-profile my_profile_src
                  switch(config-erspan-src)# destination ip 10.54.54.1
                  switch(config-erspan-src)# erspan-id 999
                  switch(config-erspan-src)# mtu 1000
                  switch(config-erspan-src)# no shut
                  
                  switch(config-erspan-src)# show monitor session 2
                     session 2
                  ---------------
                  type              : erspan-source
                  state             : up
                  source intf       : 
                      rx            : Eth3/3    
                      tx            : Eth3/3    
                      both          : Eth3/3    
                  source VLANs      : 
                      rx            : 
                      tx            : 
                      both          :
                  source port-profile : 
                      rx            : my_profile_src
                      tx            : my_profile_src
                      both          : my_profile_src
                  filter VLANs      : filter not specified
                  destination IP    : 10.54.54.1
                  ERSPAN ID         : 999
                  ERSPAN TTL        : 64
                  ERSPAN IP Prec.   : 0
                  ERSPAN DSCP       : 0
                  ERSPAN MTU        : 1000
                  ERSPAN Header Type: 2
                  
                  switch(config-erspan-src)# module vem 3 execute vemcmd show span
                  
                  VEM SOURCE IP: 10.54.54.10
                  
                  HW SSN ID   ERSPAN ID   HDR VER   DST LTL/IP
                          1                 local   49,51,52,55,56
                          2         999         2   10.54.54.1
                  

                  Example of Configuring a SPAN Session

                   switch(config)# no monitor session 1
                  switch(config)# monitor session 1
                    switch(config-monitor)# source interface ethernet 2/1-3
                    switch(config-monitor)# source interface port-channel 2
                    switch(config-monitor)# source port-profile my_profile_src
                    switch(config-monitor)# source vlan 3, 6-8 tx
                    switch(config-monitor)# filter vlan 3-5, 7
                    switch(config-monitor)# destination interface ethernet 2/5
                    switch(config-monitor)# destination port-profile my_profile_dst
                    switch(config-monitor)# no shut
                    switch(config-monitor)# exit
                  switch(config)# show monitor session 1
                  switch(config)# copy running-config startup-config
                  
                  switch(config)# show monitor session 1
                     session 1
                  ---------------
                  type              : local
                  state             : up
                  source intf       : 
                      rx            : Eth2/1 Eth2/2 Eth2/3
                      tx            : Eth2/1 Eth2/2 Eth2/3
                      both          : Eth2/1 Eth2/2 Eth2/3
                  source VLANs      : 
                      rx            : 
                      tx            : 3,6,7,8
                      both          : 
                  source port-profile : 
                      rx            : my_profile_src
                      tx            : my_profile_src
                      both          : my_profile_src
                  filter VLANs      : 3,4,5,7
                  destination ports : Eth2/5
                  destination port-profile : my_profile_dst
                  
                  switch# module vem 3 execute vemcmd show span
                  
                  VEM SOURCE IP NOT CONFIGURED. 
                  
                  HW SSN ID   ERSPAN ID   HDR VER   DST LTL/IP
                          1                 local   49,51,52,55,56

                  Example of a Configuration to Enable SPAN Monitoring

                  This example shows how to configure destination ports in access or trunk mode, and enable SPAN monitoring.

                  switch# configure terminal
                    switch(config)# interface ethernet 2/5
                    switch(config-if)# switchport
                    switch(config-if)# switchport mode trunk
                    switch(config-if)# no shut
                    switch(config-if)# exit
                    switch(config)# 

                  Feature History for SPAN and ERSPAN

                  Feature Name

                  Releases

                  Feature Information

                  Port profile as Local SPAN and ERSPAN source

                  4.2(1)SV1(4)

                  You can specify a port profile as a source for local SPAN and ERSPAN monitor traffic.

                  NAM support for ERSPAN data sources

                  4.0(4)SV1(3)

                  NAM support was introduced.

                  ERSPAN Type III header

                  4.0(4)SV1(3)

                  ERSPAN Type III header format was introduced.

                  SPAN and ERSPAN

                  4.0(4)SV1(1)

                  SPAN and ERSPAN were introduced.