IP Source Guard is a per-interface traffic filter that permits IP traffic only when the IP address and MAC address of each packet matches one of two sources of IP and MAC address bindings:
Entries in the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) snooping binding table.
Static IP source entries that you configure.
You can enable IP Source Guard on Layer 2 interfaces that are not trusted by DHCP snooping. IP Source Guard supports interfaces that are configured to operate in access mode and trunk mode. When you initially enable IP Source Guard, all inbound IP traffic on the interface is blocked except for the following:
DHCP packets, which DHCP snooping inspects and then forwards or drops, depending upon the results of inspecting the packet.
IP traffic from a source whose static IP entries are configured in the Cisco Nexus 1000V.
The device permits the IP traffic when DHCP snooping adds a binding table entry for the IP address and MAC address of an IP packet or when you have configured a static IP source entry in the DHCP binding table.
The device drops IP packets when the IP address and MAC address of the packet do not have a binding table entry or a static IP source entry. For example, assume that the show ip dhcp snooping binding command displays the following binding table entry:
MacAddress IpAddress LeaseSec Type VLAN Interface
---------- ---------- --------- ------ ------- ---------
00:02:B3:3F:3B:99 10.5.5.2 6943 dhcp-snooping 10 vEthernet3
If the device receives an IP packet with an IP address of 10.5.5.2, IP Source Guard forwards the packet only if the MAC address of the packet is 00:02:B3:3F:3B:99.
Starting with Release 4.2(1)SV2(1.1), you can filter the IP traffic based on the source IP address only as opposed to filtering the traffic based on the IP-MAC Address pair. For more information, refer to Enabling Source IP-Based Filtering.