High humidity can cause moisture to seep into the switch. Moisture can cause corrosion of internal components and degradation of properties such as electrical resistance, thermal conductivity, physical strength, and size. The switch is rated to operate at 8 to 80 percent relative humidity, with a humidity gradation of 10 percent per hour.
The switch can withstand from 5 to 90 percent relative humidity. Buildings in which the climate is controlled by air-conditioning in the warmer months and by heat during the colder months usually maintain an acceptable level of humidity for the switch equipment. However, if the switch is located in an unusually humid location, you should use a dehumidifier to maintain the humidity within an acceptable range.
If you operate a switch at a high altitude (low pressure), the efficiency of forced and convection cooling is reduced and can result in electrical problems that are related to arcing and corona effects. This condition can also cause sealed components with internal pressure, such as electrolytic capacitors, to fail or to perform at a reduced efficiency. This switch is rated to operate at altitudes from –500 to 13,123 feet (–152 to 4,000 meters). You can store the switch at altitudes of –1,000 to 30,000 feet (–305 to 9,144 meters).
Dust and Particulate
Exhaust fans cool
power supplies and system fan trays cool switches by drawing in air and
exhausting air out through various openings in the chassis. However, fans also
ingest dust and other particles, causing contaminant buildup in the switch and
increased internal chassis temperature. A clean operating environment can
greatly reduce the negative effects of dust and other particles, which act as
insulators and interfere with the mechanical components in the switch.
If you are using
this switch in a nonclean environment, you can order and install optional air
fliters. These air filters require that you also order the optional front door
for the chassis.
In addition to regular
cleaning, follow these precautions to avoid contamination of your switch:
Do not permit
smoking near the switch.
Do not permit food
or drink near the switch.
Minimizing Electromagnetic and Radio Frequency Interference
Electromagnetic interference (EMI) and radio frequency interference (RFI) from the switch can adversely affect other devices such as radio and television (TV) receivers operating near the switch. Radio frequencies that emanate from the switch can also interfere with cordless and low-power telephones. Conversely, RFI from high-power telephones can cause spurious characters to appear on the switch monitor.
RFI is defined as any EMI with a frequency above 10 kHz. This type of interference can travel from the switch to other devices through the power cable and power source or through the air like transmitted radio waves. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) publishes specific regulations to limit the amount of EMI and RFI that can be emitted by computing equipment. Each switch meets these FCC regulations.
To reduce the possibility of EMI and RFI, follow these guidelines:
Cover all open expansion slots with a metal filler.
Always use shielded cables with metal connector shells for attaching peripherals to the switch.
When wires are run for any significant distance in an electromagnetic field, interference can occur between the field and the signals on the wires and cause the following implications:
Bad wiring can result in radio interference emanating from the plant wiring.
Strong EMI, especially when it is caused by lightning or radio transmitters, can destroy the signal drivers and receivers in the chassis and even create an electrical hazard by conducting power surges through lines into equipment.
To predict and prevent strong EMI, you might need to consult experts in radio frequency interference (RFI).
The wiring is unlikely to emit radio interference if you use twisted-pair cable with a good distribution of grounding conductors. If you exceed the recommended distances, use a high-quality twisted-pair cable with one ground conductor for each data signal when applicable.
If the wires exceed the recommended distances, or if wires pass between buildings, give special consideration to the effect of a lightning strike in your vicinity. The electromagnetic pulse caused by lightning or other high-energy phenomena can easily couple enough energy into unshielded conductors to destroy electronic switches. You may want to consult experts in electrical surge suppression and shielding if you had similar problems in the past.
Shock and Vibration
is being shock- and vibration-tested for operating ranges,
handling, and earthquake standards to Network Equipment Building Standards
(NEBS) Zone 4 per GR-63-Core.
The switch is
sensitive to variations in voltage supplied by the power sources. Overvoltage,
undervoltage, and transients (or spikes) can erase data from the memory or
cause components to fail. To protect against these types of problems, ensure
that there is an earth-ground connection for the switch. You can connect the
grounding pad on the switch either directly to the earth-ground connection or
to a fully bonded and grounded rack.
You must provide the
grounding cable to make this connection but you can connect the grounding wire
to the switch using a grounding lug that ships with the switch. Size the
grounding wire to meet local and national installation requirements. Depending
on the power supply and system, a 12 AWG to 6 AWG copper conductor is required
for U.S. installations (for those installations, we recommend that you use
commercially available 6 AWG wire). The length of the grounding wire depends on
the proximity of the switch to proper grounding facilities.
automatically ground the AC power supplies when you connect them to a power
source, but you cannot ground a 3-kW DC power supply. You must connect the
chassis to the facility earth ground.
Planning for Power
To plan for the
power requirements of a switch, you must determine each of the following:
requirements of the switch
of power supplies required to power the switch and its components
Power mode to
use and the number of additional power supplies required for that mode
You must also ensure
that the circuit used for the switch is dedicated to the switch to minimize the
possibility of circuit failure.
When you know the
amount of power that is required for operations (available power) and
redundancy (reserve power), you can plan for the required number of input power
receptacles with reach of the switch location.
power requirement for the switch by summing the maximum wattage for each
installed module (see the following table).
Table 1 Power
Requirements for the Cisco Nexus 7718 Switch Modules
1 or 2
(same type if using 2)
Supervisor 2 Enhanced (N77-SUP2E)
1 to 4
(can mix types)
48-port 1- and 10-Gigabit Ethernet I/O module (N77-F248XP-23E)
48-port 1- and 10-Gigabit Ethernet I/O module (N77-F348XP-23)
example, if you are installing a switch with two Supervisor 2 modules (2 x 265
W), 16 48-port 10-Gigabit Ethernet I/O modules (16 x 500 W), six fabric modules
(6 x 300 W) and three fan trays (3 x 900 W), the power requirements for this
switch would be 13,030 W.
number of power supplies needed for the available power requirement by dividing
the power requirement amount (see Step 1) by the output wattage of the power
supplies installed in the switch.
For 3-kW power supplies, round up a fractional result to the
nearest ones digit to determine the number of power supplies needed.
example, if you are installing a switch with 3-kW power supplies and have a
consumption of 13,030 W, you need five power supplies (13,030 W / 3000 W = 4.34
or 5 power supplies) to operate the switch and all of its modules.
Select one of
the following power modes to determine the number of additional power supplies
required for reserve power:
power—Do not add any power supplies to the number of power supplies calculated
for the available power in Step 2. This power mode does not provide power
redundancy, so no extra power supplies are needed.
supply redundancy (n+1 redundancy)—Add one power supply (reserve power
supply). This form of power redundancy provides a reserve power supply that
can replace any active power supply that goes offline.
source redundancy (grid redundancy)—Add enough power supplies (reserve power
supplies) to at least equal the total output of the active power supplies
(number of power supplies calculated in Step 2). Typically, you would double
the number of power supplies. You must plan for a second power source for the
reserve power supplies.
example, if you calculate that you need two 3-kW power supplies for 6 kW of
available power, you need another two 3-kW power supplies for 6 kW of reserve
power (for a total of four 3-kW power supplies used for available and reserve
redundancy (n+1 and grid redundancy)—Add enough power supplies
(reserve power supplies) to at least equal the output of the active power
supplies (number of power supplies calculated in Step 2). For power supply (n+1) redundancy, ensure
have at least one extra power supply. For input-source
(grid) redundancy, you will probably double the number of power supplies. You
must plan for a second power source with at least the same amount of input
power for the reserve power supplies.
example, if you calculate that you need two 3-kW power supplies for 6 kW of
active power, then you need another two 3-kW power supplies for 6 kW of reserve
power (for a total of four 3-kW power supplies used for active and reserve
power). Either one of the reserve power supplies can replace any of the
active power supplies.
Be sure that
the power source circuits are dedicated to the switch and not to other
power mode (no power redundancy) or power supply (n+1) redundancy, you
need only one dedicated circuit.
For input-source (grid) or full redundancy, you must have two
dedicated power circuits, each circuit powering half of the 3-kW power supplies.
The requirements for each circuit are listed in the following
Table 2 Circuit
Requirements for 3-kW Power Supplies
Requirement for Each Circuit
at 110 VAC or 220 VAC
placement of the input power receptacles within reach of the power cables used
for each power supply (see the following table for the maximum distances).
power receptacles are placed on the rack with the switch. If the DC power
source is further than allowed by the DC power cables, you can install a power
interface unit (PIU) in the rack with the switch and connect that to the power
source with other cabling.
Maximum Distance Between Receptacle and Power Supply
AC power supplies
feet (3.5 m)
3-kW power supplies
Determined by the length of the power cord that you supply.
Rack and Cabinet
You can install the
following types of racks or cabinets for your switch:
cabinets with a roof fan tray (bottom to top cooling)
four-post Telco racks
To correctly install
the switch in a cabinet that is located in a hot-aisle/cold-aisle environment,
you should fit the cabinet with baffles to prevent exhaust air from
recirculating into the chassis air intake.
Work with your cabinet
vendors to determine which of their cabinets meet the following requirements or
see the Cisco Technical Assistance Center (TAC) for recommendations:
Use a standard
19-inch, four-post Electronic Industries Alliance (EIA) cabinet or rack with
mounting rails that conform to English universal hole spacing per section 1 of
the ANSI/EIA-310-D-1992 standard.
The height of the rack or
cabinet must accommodate the 9-RU (15.75 inches or 40.0 cm) height of the
switch and its bottom support bracket.
The height of the
rack or cabinet must accommodate the 25-RU (43.75 inches or 111.1 cm) height of
the switch and its bottom support bracket.
The depth of a
four-post rack must be 24 to 32 inches (61.0 to 81.3 cm) between the front and
rear mounting brackets.
clearances between the chassis and the edges of its rack or the interior of its
cabinet are as follows:
(19.1 cm) is required between the chassis and the front of the rack or interior
of the cabinet (required for cabling).
(7.6 cm) is required between the rear of the chassis and the inside of the
cabinet (required for airflow inside the cabinet if used).
is required between the chassis and the sides of the rack or cabinet (no side
Additionally, you must
consider the following site requirements for the rack:
must be located within reach of the power cords used with the switch.
cords for 3-kW AC power supplies are 8 to 12 feet (2.5 to 4.3 m) long.
cords for 3.0-kW DC power supplies are supplied and dimensioned by the
required for cables that connect to as many as 1600 ports (in addition to the
cabling required for other devices in the same rack). These cables must not
block access to any removable chassis modules or block airflow into or out of
the chassis. Route the cables through the cable management frames on the left
and right sides of the chassis.
have a seismic rating of Network Equipment Building Standards (NEBS) Zone 3 or
Zone 4, per GR-63-CORE if required.1
load rating of 2000 lb (907.2 kg) (static load rating) if supporting two
You must provide the chassis with adequate clearance between the chassis and any other rack, device, or structure so that you can properly install the chassis, route cables, provide airflow, and maintain the switch. For the clearances required for an installation of this chassis, see the following figure.
Figure 1. Clearances Required for the Chassis
Cable management frames
No right side clearance required (no airflow on right side)
Vertical rack-mount posts and rails
Rear service clearance required to replace fan trays and fabric modules
Area required for fan tray handles (allow 2 inches [5 cm])
Airflow clearance required between the chassis and inside of cabinet (if used)
Nearest object or inside of cabinet (no side clearance required)
Air intake from cold aisle for all modules and power supplies
Clearance required between the front of the chassis and the inside of the cabinet (if used) or edge of cold aisle (if no cabinet) for the cable management frames and the optional front doors
Air exhaust to hot aisle for all modules and power supplies
Front service clearance required for installing the chassis and replacing the modules
No left side clearance required (no airflow on left side)