Book 2: Cisco ASA Series Firewall ASDM Configuration Guide, 7.1
Configuring the ASA CX Module
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Table of Contents

Configuring the ASA CX Module

Information About the ASA CX Module

How the ASA CX Module Works with the ASA

Monitor-Only Mode

Service Policy in Monitor-Only Mode

Traffic-Forwarding Interface in Monitor-Only Mode

Information About ASA CX Management

Initial Configuration

Policy Configuration and Management

Information About Authentication Proxy

Information About VPN and the ASA CX Module

Compatibility with ASA Features

Licensing Requirements for the ASA CX Module

Prerequisites

Guidelines and Limitations

Default Settings

Configuring the ASA CX Module

Task Flow for the ASA CX Module

Connecting the ASA CX Management Interface

ASA 5585-X (Hardware Module)

ASA 5512-X through ASA 5555-X (Software Module)

(ASA 5512-X through ASA 5555-X; May Be Required) Installing the Software Module

(ASA 5585-X) Changing the ASA CX Management IP Address

Configuring Basic ASA CX Settings at the ASA CX CLI

Configuring the Security Policy on the ASA CX Module Using PRSM

(Optional) Configuring the Authentication Proxy Port

Redirecting Traffic to the ASA CX Module

Creating the ASA CX Service Policy

Configuring Traffic-Forwarding Interfaces (Monitor-Only Mode)

Managing the ASA CX Module

Resetting the Password

Reloading or Resetting the Module

Shutting Down the Module

(ASA 5512-X through ASA 5555-X) Uninstalling a Software Module Image

(ASA 5512-X through ASA 5555-X) Sessioning to the Module From the ASA

Monitoring the ASA CX Module

Showing Module Status

Showing Module Statistics

Monitoring Module Connections

Capturing Module Traffic

Troubleshooting the ASA CX Module

Problems with the Authentication Proxy

Feature History for the ASA CX Module

Information About the ASA CX Module

The ASA CX module lets you enforce security based on the full context of a situation. This context includes the identity of the user (who), the application or website that the user is trying to access (what), the origin of the access attempt (where), the time of the attempted access (when), and the properties of the device used for the access (how). With the ASA CX module, you can extract the full context of a flow and enforce granular policies such as permitting access to Facebook but denying access to games on Facebook, or permitting finance employees access to a sensitive enterprise database but denying the same access to other employees.

How the ASA CX Module Works with the ASA

The ASA CX module runs a separate application from the ASA. The ASA CX module includes external management interface(s) so you can connect to the ASA CX module directly. Any data interfaces on the ASA CX module are used for ASA traffic only.

Traffic goes through the firewall checks before being forwarded to the ASA CX module. When you identify traffic for ASA CX inspection on the ASA, traffic flows through the ASA and the ASA CX module as follows:

1. Traffic enters the ASA.

2. Incoming VPN traffic is decrypted.

3. Firewall policies are applied.

4. Traffic is sent to the ASA CX module.

5. The ASA CX module applies its security policy to the traffic, and takes appropriate actions.

6. Valid traffic is sent back to the ASA; the ASA CX module might block some traffic according to its security policy, and that traffic is not passed on.

7. Outgoing VPN traffic is encrypted.

8. Traffic exits the ASA.

Figure 30-1 shows the traffic flow when using the ASA CX module. In this example, the ASA CX module automatically blocks traffic that is not allowed for a certain application. All other traffic is forwarded through the ASA.

Figure 30-1 ASA CX Module Traffic Flow in the ASA

 


Note If you have a connection between hosts on two ASA interfaces, and the ASA CX service policy is only configured for one of the interfaces, then all traffic between these hosts is sent to the ASA CX module, including traffic originating on the non-ASA CX interface (because the feature is bidirectional). However, the ASA only performs the authentication proxy on the interface to which the service policy is applied, because authentication proxy is applied only to ingress traffic (see the “Information About Authentication Proxy” section).


Monitor-Only Mode

For demonstration purposes, you can configure a service policy or a traffic-forwarding interface in monitor-only mode.

For guidelines and limitations for monitor-only mode, see the “Guidelines and Limitations” section.

Service Policy in Monitor-Only Mode

For testing and demonstration purposes, you can configure the ASA to send a duplicate stream of read-only traffic to the ASA CX module, so you can see how the module inspects the traffic without affecting the ASA traffic flow. In this mode, the ASA CX module inspects the traffic as usual, makes policy decisions, and generates events. However, because the packets are read-only copies, the module actions do not affect the actual traffic. Instead, the module drops the copies after inspection. Figure 30-2 shows the ASA CX module in monitor-only mode.

Figure 30-2 ASA CX Monitor-Only Mode

 

Traffic-Forwarding Interface in Monitor-Only Mode

You can alternatively configure ASA interfaces to be traffic-forwarding interfaces, where all traffic received is forwarded directly to the ASA CX module without any ASA processing. For testing and demonstration purposes, traffic-forwarding removes the extra complication of ASA processing. Traffic-forwarding is only supported in monitor-only mode, so the ASA CX module drops the traffic after inspecting it. Figure 30-3 shows the ASA GigabitEthernet 0/3 interface configured for traffic-forwarding. That interface is connected to a switch SPAN port so the ASA CX module can inspect all of the network traffic.

Figure 30-3 ASA CX Traffic-Forwarding

 

Information About ASA CX Management

Initial Configuration

For initial configuration, you must use the CLI on the ASA CX module to run the setup command and configure other optional settings.

To access the CLI, you can use the following methods:

  • ASA 5585-X:

ASA CX console port—The ASA CX console port is a separate external console port.

ASA CX Management 1/0 interface using SSH—You can connect to the default IP address (192.168.8.8), or you can use ASDM to change the management IP address and then connect using SSH. The ASA CX management interface is a separate external Gigabit Ethernet interface.


Note You cannot access the ASA CX hardware module CLI over the ASA backplane using the session command.


  • ASA 5512-X through ASA 5555-X:

ASA session over the backplane—If you have CLI access to the ASA, then you can session to the module and access the module CLI.

ASA CX Management 0/0 interface using SSH—You can connect to the default IP address (192.168.1.2), or you can use ASDM to change the management IP address and then connect using SSH. These models run the ASA CX module as a software module. The ASA CX management interface shares the Management 0/0 interface with the ASA. Separate MAC addresses and IP addresses are supported for the ASA and ASA CX module. You must perform configuration of the ASA CX IP address within the ASA CX operating system (using the CLI or ASDM). However, physical characteristics (such as enabling the interface) are configured on the ASA. You can remove the ASA interface configuration (specifically the interface name) to dedicate this interface as an ASA CX-only interface. This interface is management-only.

Policy Configuration and Management

After you perform initial configuration, configure the ASA CX policy using Cisco Prime Security Manager (PRSM). Then configure the ASA policy for sending traffic to the ASA CX module using ASDM or the ASA CLI.


Note When using PRSM in multiple device mode, you can configure the ASA policy for sending traffic to the ASA CX module within PRSM, instead of using ASDM or the ASA CLI. Using PRSM lets you consolodate management to a single management system. However, PRSM has some limitations when configuring the ASA service policy; see the ASA CX user guide for more information.


Information About Authentication Proxy

When the ASA CX needs to authenticate an HTTP user (to take advantage of identity policies), you must configure the ASA to act as an authentication proxy: the ASA CX module redirects authentication requests to the ASA interface IP address/proxy port. By default, the port is 885 (user configurable). Configure this feature as part of the service policy to divert traffic from the ASA to the ASA CX module. If you do not enable the authentication proxy, only passive authentication is available.


Note If you have a connection between hosts on two ASA interfaces, and the ASA CX service policy is only configured for one of the interfaces, then all traffic between these hosts is sent to the ASA CX module, including traffic orginiating on the non-ASA CX interface (the feature is bidirectional). However, the ASA only performs the authentication proxy on the interface to which the service policy is applied, because this feature is ingress-only.


Information About VPN and the ASA CX Module

The ASA includes VPN client and user authentication metadata when forwarding traffic to the ASA CX module, which allows the ASA CX module to include this information as part of its policy lookup criteria. The VPN metadata is sent only at VPN tunnel establishment time along with a type-length-value (TLV) containing the session ID. The ASA CX module caches the VPN metadata for each session. Each tunneled connection sends the session ID so the ASA CX module can look up that session’s metadata.

Compatibility with ASA Features

The ASA includes many advanced application inspection features, including HTTP inspection. However, the ASA CX module provides more advanced HTTP inspection than the ASA provides, as well as additional features for other applications, including monitoring and controlling application usage.

To take full advantage of the ASA CX module features, see the following guidelines for traffic that you send to the ASA CX module:

  • Do not configure ASA inspection on HTTP traffic.
  • Do not configure Cloud Web Security (ScanSafe) inspection. If you configure both the ASA CX action and Cloud Web Security inspection for the same traffic, the ASA only performs the ASA CX action.
  • Other application inspections on the ASA are compatible with the ASA CX module, including the default inspections.
  • Do not enable the Mobile User Security (MUS) server; it is not compatible with the ASA CX module.
  • Do not enable ASA clustering; it is not compatible with the ASA CX module.
  • If you enable failover, when the ASA fails over, any existing ASA CX flows are transferred to the new ASA, but the traffic is allowed through the ASA without being acted upon by the ASA CX module. Only new flows recieved by the new ASA are acted upon by the ASA CX module.
  • (9.1(1) and earlier) Does not support NAT 64. In 9.1(2) and later, NAT 64 is supported.

Licensing Requirements for the ASA CX Module

 

Model
License Requirement

All models

Base License.

The ASA CX module and PRSM require additional licenses. See the ASA CX documentation for more information.

Prerequisites

To use PRSM to configure the ASA, you need to install a certificate on the ASA for secure communications. By default, the ASA generates a self-signed certificate. However, this certificate can cause browser prompts asking you to verify the certificate because the publisher is unknown. To avoid these browser prompts, you can instead install a certificate from a known certificate authority (CA). If you request a certificate from a CA, be sure the certificate type is both a server authentication certificate and a client authentication certificate. See the “Configuring Digital Certificates,” in the general operations configuration guide for more information.

Guidelines and Limitations

Context Mode Guidelines

(9.1(2) and earlier) Supported in single context mode only. Does not support multiple context mode.

(9.1(3) and later) Supported in multiple context mode. See the following guidelines:

  • The ASA CX module itself (configured in PRSM) is a single context mode device; the context-specific traffic coming from the ASA is checked against the common ASA CX policy.
  • For ASA CX module support, you cannot use the same IP addresses in multiple contexts; each context must include unique networks.

Firewall Mode Guidelines

Supported in routed and transparent firewall mode. Traffic-forwarding interfaces are only supported in transparent mode.

Failover Guidelines

Does not support failover directly; when the ASA fails over, any existing ASA CX flows are transferred to the new ASA, but the traffic is allowed through the ASA without being inspected by the ASA CX.

ASA Clustering Guidelines

Does not support clustering.

IPv6 Guidelines

  • Supports IPv6.
  • (9.1(1) and earlier) Does not support NAT 64. In 9.1(2) and later, NAT 64 is supported.

Model Guidelines

  • Supported only on the ASA 5585-X and 5512-X through ASA 5555-X. See the Cisco ASA Compatibility Matrix for more information:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/security/asa/compatibility/asamatrx.html

  • For the 5512-X through ASA 5555-X, you must install a Cisco solid state drive (SSD). For more information, see the ASA 5500-X hardware guide.

Monitor-Only Mode Guidelines

  • You cannot configure both monitor-only mode and normal inline mode at the same time on the ASA. Only one type of security policy is allowed. In multiple context mode, you cannot configure monitor-only mode for some contexts, and regular inline mode for others.
  • The following features are not supported in monitor-only mode:

Deny policies

Active authentication

Decryption policies

  • The ASA CX does not perform packet buffering in monitor-only mode, and events will be generated on a best-effort basis. For example, some events, such as ones with long URLs spanning packet boundaries, may be impacted by the lack of buffering.
  • Be sure to configure both the ASA policy and the ASA CX to have matching modes: both in monitor-only mode, or both in normal inline mode.

Additional guidelines for traffic-forwarding interfaces:

  • The ASA must be in transparent mode.
  • You can configure up to 4 interfaces as traffic-forwarding interfaces. Other ASA interfaces can be used as normal.
  • Traffic-forwarding interfaces must be physical interfaces, not VLANs or BVIs. The physical interface also cannot have any VLANs associated with it.
  • Traffic-forwarding interfaces cannot be used for ASA traffic; you cannot name them or configure them for ASA features, including failover or management-only.
  • You cannot configure both a traffic-forwarding interface and a service policy for ASA CX traffic.

Additional Guidelines and Limitations

Default Settings

Table 30-1 lists the default settings for the ASA CX module.

 

Table 30-1 Default Network Parameters

Parameters
Default

Management IP address

ASA 5585-X: Management 1/0 192.168.8.8/24

ASA 5512-X through ASA 5555-X: Management 0/0 192.168.1.2/24

Gateway

ASA 5585-X: 192.168.8.1/24

ASA 5512-X through ASA 5555-X: 192.168.1.1/24

SSH or session Username

admin

Password

Admin123

Configuring the ASA CX Module

This section describes how to configure the ASA CX module.

Task Flow for the ASA CX Module

Configuring the ASA CX module is a process that includes configuration of the ASA CX security policy on the ASA CX module and then configuration of the ASA to send traffic to the ASA CX module. To configure the ASA CX module, perform the following steps:


Step 1 Cable the ASA CX management interfaces interface. See the “Connecting the ASA CX Management Interface” section.

Step 2 (ASA 5512-X through ASA 5555-X; May be required) Install the software module. See the “(ASA 5512-X through ASA 5555-X; May Be Required) Installing the Software Module” section.

Step 3 (ASA 5585-X) Configure the ASA CX module management IP address for initial SSH access. See the “(ASA 5585-X) Changing the ASA CX Management IP Address” section.

Step 4 On the ASA CX module, configure basic settings. You must use the CLI to configure these settings. See the “Configuring Basic ASA CX Settings at the ASA CX CLI” section.

Step 5 On the ASA CX module, configure the security policy using PRSM. See the “Configuring the Security Policy on the ASA CX Module Using PRSM” section.

Step 6 (Optional) On the ASA, configure the authentication proxy port. See the “(Optional) Configuring the Authentication Proxy Port” section.

Step 7 On the ASA, identify traffic to divert to the ASA CX module. See the “Redirecting Traffic to the ASA CX Module” section.


Note When using PRSM in multiple device mode, you can configure the ASA policy for sending traffic to the ASA CX module within PRSM, instead of using ASDM or the ASA CLI. However, PRSM has some limitations when configuring the ASA service policy; see the ASA CX user guide for more information.



 

Connecting the ASA CX Management Interface

In addition to providing management access to the ASA CX module, the ASA CX management interface needs access to an HTTP proxy server or a DNS server and the Internet for signature updates and more. This section describes recommended network configurations. Your network may differ.

ASA 5585-X (Hardware Module)

The ASA CX module includes a separate management interface from the ASA. For initial setup, you can connect with SSH to the ASA CX Management 1/0 interface using the default IP address (192.168.8.8/24). If you cannot use the default IP address, you can either use the console port or use ASDM to change the management IP address so you can use SSH.

 

If you have an inside router

If you have an inside router, you can route between the management network, which can include both the ASA Management 0/0 and ASA CX Management 1/0 interfaces, and the ASA inside network for Internet access. Be sure to also add a route on the ASA to reach the Management network through the inside router.

 

If you do not have an inside router

If you have only one inside network, then you cannot also have a separate management network, which would require an inside router to route between the networks. In this case, you can manage the ASA from the inside interface instead of the Management 0/0 interface. Because the ASA CX module is a separate device from the ASA, you can configure the ASA CX Management 1/0 address to be on the same network as the inside interface.

 

ASA 5512-X through ASA 5555-X (Software Module)

These models run the ASA CX module as a software module, and the ASA CX management interface shares the Management 0/0 interface with the ASA.

 

If you have an inside router

If you have an inside router, you can route between the Management 0/0 network, which includes both the ASA and ASA CX management IP addresses, and the inside network for Internet access. Be sure to also add a route on the ASA to reach the Management network through the inside router.

 

If you do not have an inside router

If you have only one inside network, then you cannot also have a separate management network. In this case, you can manage the ASA from the inside interface instead of the Management 0/0 interface. If you remove the ASA-configured name from the Management 0/0 interface, you can still configure the ASA CX IP address for that interface. Because the ASA CX module is essentially a separate device from the ASA, you can configure the ASA CX management address to be on the same network as the inside interface.

 


Note You must remove the ASA-configured name for Management 0/0; if it is configured on the ASA, then the ASA CX address must be on the same network as the ASA, and that excludes any networks already configured on other ASA interfaces. If the name is not configured, then the ASA CX address can be on any network, for example, the ASA inside network.


What to Do Next

(ASA 5512-X through ASA 5555-X; May Be Required) Installing the Software Module

If you purchase the ASA with the ASA CX module, the module software and required solid state drive(s) (SSDs) come pre-installed and ready to go. If you want to add the ASA CX to an existing ASA, or need to replace the SSD, you need to install the ASA CX boot software and partition the SSD according to this procedure. To physically install the SSD, see the ASA hardware guide.


Note For the ASA 5585-X hardware module, you must install or upgrade your image from within the ASA CX module. See the ASA CX module documentation for more information.


Prerequisites

  • The free space on flash (disk0) should be at least 3GB plus the size of the boot software.
  • In multiple context mode, perform this procedure in the system execution space.

Detailed Steps


Step 1 Download the ASA CX boot software from Cisco.com to your computer. If you have a Cisco.com login, you can obtain the boot software from the following website:

http://www.cisco.com/cisco/software/release.html?mdfid=284325223&softwareid=284399946

The boot software lets you set basic ASA CX network configuration, partition the SSD, and download the larger system software from a server of your choice to the SSD.

Step 2 Download the ASA CX system software from Cisco.com to an HTTP, HTTPS, or FTP server accessible from the ASA CX management interface. If you have a Cisco.com login, you can obtain the boot software from the following website:

http://www.cisco.com/cisco/software/release.html?mdfid=284325223&softwareid=284399946

Step 3 In ASDM, choose Tools > File Management , and then choose File Transfer > Between Local PC and Flash . Transfer the boot software to disk0 on the ASA. Do not transfer the system software; it is downloaded later to the SSD.

Step 4 Connect to the ASA CLI, and enter privileged EXEC mode. See the “Getting Started” chapter in the general operations configuration guide to access the ASA CLI.

Step 5 If you are replacing the IPS module with the ASA CX module, shut down and uninstall the IPS module, and then reload the ASA:

ciscoasa# sw-module module ips shutdown
ciscoasa# sw-module module ips uninstall
ciscoasa# reload
 

After the ASA reloads, reconnect to the ASA CLI.

Step 6 Set the ASA CX module boot image location in ASA disk0 by entering the following command:

ciscoasa# sw-module module cxsc recover configure image disk0:file_path
 

Example:

ciscoasa# sw-module module cxsc recover configure image disk0:asacx-boot-9.1.1.img
 

Step 7 Load the ASA CX boot image by entering the following command:

ciscoasa# sw-module module cxsc recover boot
 

Step 8 Wait approximately 5 minutes for the ASA CX module to boot up, and then open a console session to the now-running ASA CX boot image. The default username is admin and the default password is Admin123 .

ciscoasa# session cxsc console
Establishing console session with slot 1
Opening console session with module cxsc.
Connected to module cxsc. Escape character sequence is 'CTRL-SHIFT-6 then x'.
cxsc login: admin
Password: Admin123
 

Step 9 Partition the SSD:

asacx-boot> partition
....
Partition Successfully Completed
 

Step 10 Perform the basic network setup using the setup command according to the “Configuring Basic ASA CX Settings at the ASA CX CLI” section (do not exit the ASA CX CLI), and then return to this procedure to install the software image.

Step 11 Install the system software from the server:

asacx-boot> system install url
 

Example:

The following command installs the asacx-sys-9.1.1.pkg system software.

asacx-boot> system install https://upgrades.example.com/packages/asacx-sys-9.1.1.pkg
 
Username: buffy
Password: angelforever
Verifying
Downloading
Extracting
Package Detail
Description:
Requires reboot:
Cisco ASA CX System Upgrade
Yes
Do you want to continue with upgrade? [n]: Y
Warning: Please do not interrupt the process or turn off the system. Doing so might leave system in unusable state.
Upgrading
Stopping all the services ...
Starting upgrade process ...
Reboot is required to complete the upgrade. Press Enter to reboot the system.
 

Step 12 Press Enter to reboot the ASA CX module. Rebooting the module closes the console session. Allow 10 or more minutes for application component installation and for the ASA CX services to start.


 

(ASA 5585-X) Changing the ASA CX Management IP Address

If you cannot use the default management IP address (192.168.8.8), then you can set the management IP address from the ASA. After you set the management IP address, you can access the ASA CX module using SSH to perform initial setup.


Note For a software module, you can access the ASA CX CLI to perform setup by sessioning from the ASA CLI; you can then set the ASA CX management IP address as part of setup. See the “Configuring Basic ASA CX Settings at the ASA CX CLI” section.


Guidelines

In multiple context mode, perform this procedure in the system execution space.

Detailed Steps

Multiple Context Mode


Step 1 In the System, choose Tools > Command Line Interface.

Step 2 Enter the following command:

 

Command
Purpose

session 1 do setup host ip ip_address / mask , gateway_ip

 

ciscoasa# session 1 do setup host ip 10.1.1.2/24,10.1.1.1

Sets the ASA CX management IP address, mask, and gateway.

Step 3 Click Send.


 

Single Context Mode


Step 1 In ASDM, choose Wizards > Startup Wizard .

Step 2 Click Next to advance through the initial screens until you reach the ASA CX Basic Configuration screen.

 

Step 3 Enter the new management IP address, subnet mask, and default gateway.

Step 4 (Optional) Change the Auth Proxy Port. You can set this later if desired. See the “(Optional) Configuring the Authentication Proxy Port” section for more information.

Step 5 Click Finish to skip the remaining screens, or click Next to advance through the remaining screens and complete the wizard.


 

Configuring Basic ASA CX Settings at the ASA CX CLI

You must configure basic network settings and other parameters on the ASA CX module before you can configure your security policy.

Detailed Steps


Step 1 Do one of the following:

    • (All models) Use SSH to connect to the ASA CX management IP address.
    • (ASA 5512-X through ASA 5555-X) Open a console session to the module from the ASA CLI (see the “Getting Started” chapter in the general operations configuration guide to access the ASA CLI). In multiple context mode, session from the system execution space.
ciscoasa# session cxsc console
 

Step 2 Log in with the username admin and the password Admin123 . You will change the password as part of this procedure.

Step 3 Enter the following command:

asacx> setup
 

Example:

asacx> setup
Welcome to Cisco Prime Security Manager Setup
[hit Ctrl-C to abort]
Default values are inside [ ]
 

You are prompted through the setup wizard. The following example shows a typical path through the wizard; if you enter Y instead of N at a prompt, you will be able to configure some additional settings. This example shows how to configure both IPv4 and IPv6 static addresses. You can configure IPv6 stateless auto configuration by answering N when asked if you want to configure a static IPv6 address.

Enter a hostname [asacx]: asa-cx-host
Do you want to configure IPv4 address on management interface?(y/n) [Y]: Y
Do you want to enable DHCP for IPv4 address assignment on management interface?(y/n)[N]: N
Enter an IPv4 address [192.168.8.8]: 10.89.31.65
Enter the netmask [255.255.255.0]: 255.255.255.0
Enter the gateway [192.168.8.1]: 10.89.31.1
Do you want to configure static IPv6 address on management interface?(y/n) [N]: Y
Enter an IPv6 address: 2001:DB8:0:CD30::1234/64
Enter the gateway: 2001:DB8:0:CD30::1
Enter the primary DNS server IP address [ ]: 10.89.47.11
Do you want to configure Secondary DNS Server? (y/n) [N]: N
Do you want to configure Local Domain Name? (y/n) [N] Y
Enter the local domain name: example.com
Do you want to configure Search domains? (y/n) [N] Y
Enter the comma separated list for search domains: example.com
Do you want to enable the NTP service?(y/n) [N]: Y
Enter the NTP servers separated by commas: 1.ntp.example.com, 2.ntp.example.com
 

Step 4 After you complete the final prompt, you are presented with a summary of the settings. Look over the summary to verify that the values are correct, and enter Y to apply your changed configuration. Enter N to cancel your changes.

Example:

Apply the changes?(y,n) [Y]: Y
Configuration saved successfully!
Applying...
Done.
Generating self-signed certificate, the web server will be restarted after that
...
Done.
Press ENTER to continue...
asacx>
 

Note If you change the host name, the prompt does not show the new name until you log out and log back in.


Step 5 If you do not use NTP, configure the time settings. The default time zone is the UTC time zone. Use the show time command to see the current settings. You can use the following commands to change time settings:

asacx> config timezone
asacx> config time
 

Step 6 Change the admin password by entering the following command:

asacx> config passwd
 

Example:

asacx> config passwd
The password must be at least 8 characters long and must contain
at least one uppercase letter (A-Z), at least one lowercase letter
(a-z) and at least one digit (0-9).
Enter password: Farscape1
Confirm password: Farscape1
SUCCESS: Password changed for user admin
 

Step 7 Enter the exit command to log out.


 

Configuring the Security Policy on the ASA CX Module Using PRSM

This section describes how to launch PRSM to configure the ASA CX module application. For details on using PRSM to configure your ASA CX security policy, see the ASA CX user guide.

Detailed Steps

You can launch PRSM from your web browser, or you can launch it from ASDM.

  • Launch PRSM from a web browser by enter the following URL:
https://ASA_CX_management_IP
 

Where the ASA CX management IP address is the one you set in the “Configuring Basic ASA CX Settings at the ASA CX CLI” section.

  • Launch PRSM from ASDM by choosing Home > ASA CX Status , and clicking the Connect to the ASA CX application link.

 

What to Do Next

(Optional) Configuring the Authentication Proxy Port

The default authentication port is 885. To change the authentication proxy port, perform the following steps. For more information about the authentication proxy, see the “Information About Authentication Proxy” section.


Note (Single mode) You can also set the port as part of the ASDM startup wizard. See the “(ASA 5585-X) Changing the ASA CX Management IP Address” section.


Guidelines

In multiple context mode, perform this procedure within each security context.

Detailed Steps


Step 1 In ASDM, choose Configuration > Firewall > Advanced > ASA CX Auth Proxy .

 

Step 2 Enter a port greater than 1024. The default is 885.

Step 3 Click Apply .


 

Redirecting Traffic to the ASA CX Module

You can redirect traffic to the ASA CX module by creating a service policy that identifies specific traffic. For demonstration purposes only, you can also enable monitor-only mode for the service policy, which forwards a copy of traffic to the ASA CX module, while the original traffic remains unaffected.

Another option for demonstration purposes is to configure a traffic-forwarding interface instead of a service policy in monitor-only mode. The traffic-forwarding interface sends all traffic directly to the ASA CX module, bypassing the ASA.

Creating the ASA CX Service Policy

This section identifies traffic to redirect from the ASA to the ASA CX module. Configure this policy on the ASA. If you want to use a traffic-forwarding interface for demonstration purposes, skip this procedure and see the “Configuring Traffic-Forwarding Interfaces (Monitor-Only Mode)” section instead.


Note When using PRSM in multiple device mode, you can configure the ASA policy for sending traffic to the ASA CX module within PRSM, instead of using ASDM or the ASA CLI. However, PRSM has some limitations when configuring the ASA service policy; see the ASA CX user guide for more information.


Prerequisites

  • If you enable the authentication proxy on the ASA using this procedure, be sure to also configure a directory realm for authentication on the ASA CX module. See the ASA CX user guide for more information.
  • If you have an active service policy redirecting traffic to an IPS module (that you replaced with the ASA CX), you must remove that policy before you configure the ASA CX service policy.
  • Be sure to configure both the ASA policy and the ASA CX to have matching modes: both in monitor-only mode, or both in normal inline mode.
  • In multiple context mode, perform this procedure within each security context.

Detailed Steps


Step 1 Choose Configuration > Firewall > Service Policy Rules .

 

Step 2 Choose Add > Add Service Policy Rule . The Add Service Policy Rule Wizard - Service Policy dialog box appears.

Step 3 Complete the Service Policy dialog box as desired. See the ASDM online help for more information about these screens.

Step 4 Click Next . The Add Service Policy Rule Wizard - Traffic Classification Criteria dialog box appears.

Step 5 Complete the Traffic Classification Criteria dialog box as desired. See the ASDM online help for more information about these screens.

Step 6 Click Next to show the Add Service Policy Rule Wizard - Rule Actions dialog box.

Step 7 Click the ASA CX Inspection tab.

 

Step 8 Check the Enable ASA CX for this traffic flow check box.

Step 9 In the If ASA CX Card Fails area, click one of the following:

    • Permit traffic —Sets the ASA to allow all traffic through, uninspected, if the ASA CX module is unavailable.
    • Close traffic —Sets the ASA to block all traffic if the ASA CX module is unavailable.

Step 10 (Optional) To enable the authentication proxy, which is required for active authentication, check the Enable Auth Proxy check box. This option is not available in monitor-only mode.

Step 11 (Optional) For demonstration purposes only, check the Monitor-only check box to send a read-only copy of traffic to the ASA CX module. See the “Monitor-Only Mode” section for more information.


Note You must configure all classes and policies to be either in monitor-only mode, or in normal inline mode; you cannot mix both modes on the same ASA.


Step 12 Click OK and then Apply .

Step 13 Repeat this procedure to configure additional traffic flows as desired.


 

Configuring Traffic-Forwarding Interfaces (Monitor-Only Mode)

This section configures traffic-forwarding interfaces, where all traffic is forwarded directly to the ASA CX module. This method is for demonstration purposes only. For a normal ASA CX service policy, see the “Creating the ASA CX Service Policy” section.

For more information see the “Monitor-Only Mode” section. See also the “Guidelines and Limitations” section for guidelines and limitations specific to traffic-forwarding interfaces.

You can only configure this feature at the CLI; you can use the Command Line Interface tool.

Prerequisites

  • Be sure to configure both the ASA policy and the ASA CX to have matching modes: both in monitor-only.
  • In multiple context mode, perform this procedure within each security context.

Detailed Steps


Step 1 Choose Tools > Command Line Interface .

Step 2 Click the Multiple Line radio button.

Step 3 Enter the following commands:

 

Command
Purpose

Step 1

interface physical_interface

 

ciscoasa(config)# interface gigabitethernet 0/5

Enters interface configuration mode for the physical interface you want to use for traffic-forwarding.

Step 2

no nameif

 

ciscoasa(config-ifc)# no nameif

Removes any name configured for the interface. If this interface was used in any ASA configuration, that configuration is removed. You cannot configure traffic-forwarding on a named interface.

Step 3

traffic-forward cxsc monitor-only

 

ciscoasa(config-ifc)# traffic-forward cxsc monitor-only

Enables traffic-forwarding. You see a warning similar to the following:

WARNING: This configuration is purely for demo of CX functionality and shouldn't be used on a production ASA and any issues found when mixing demo feature with production ASA is not supported.

Step 4

no shutdown

 

ciscoasa(config-ifc)# no shutdown

Enables the interface.

Step 4 Repeat for any additional interfaces.

Step 5 Click Send .


 

Examples

The following example makes GigabitEthernet 0/5 a traffic-forwarding interface:

 

Managing the ASA CX Module

This section includes procedures that help you manage the module.

Resetting the Password

You can reset the module password to the default. For the user admin , the default password is Admin123 . After resetting the password, you should change it to a unique value using the module application.

Resetting the module password causes the module to reboot. Services are not available while the module is rebooting.

If you cannot connect to ASDM with the new password, restart ASDM and try to log in again. If you defined a new password and still have an existing password in ASDM that is different from the new password, clear the password cache by choosing File > Clear ASDM Password Cache , then restart ASDM and try to log in again.

To reset the module password to the default of Admin123, perform the following steps.

Guidelines

In multiple context mode, perform this procedure in the system execution space.

Detailed Steps

 


Step 1 From the ASDM menu bar, choose Tools > ASA CX Password Reset .

The Password Reset confirmation dialog box appears.

 

Step 2 Click OK to reset the password to the default Admin123 .

A dialog box displays the success or failure of the password reset.

Step 3 Click Close to close the dialog box.


 

Reloading or Resetting the Module

To reload or reset the module, enter one of the following commands at the ASA CLI.

Guidelines

In multiple context mode, perform this procedure in the system execution space.

Detailed Steps

 

Command
Purpose

For a hardware module (ASA 5585-X):

hw-module module 1 reload
 

For a software module (ASA 5512-X through ASA 5555-X):

sw-module module cxsc reload
 

ciscoasa# hw-module module 1 reload

Reloads the module software.

For a hardware module:

hw-module module 1 reset
 

For a software module:

sw-module module cxsc reset
 

ciscoasa# hw-module module 1 reset

Performs a reset, and then reloads the module.

Shutting Down the Module

Shutting down the module software prepares the module to be safely powered off without losing configuration data. Note : If you reload the ASA, the module is not automatically shut down, so we recommend shutting down the module before reloading the ASA. To gracefully shut down the module, perform the following steps at the ASA CLI.

Guidelines

In multiple context mode, perform this procedure in the system execution space.

Detailed Steps

 

Command
Purpose

For a hardware module (ASA 5585-X):

hw-module module 1 shutdown
 

For a software module (ASA 5512-X through ASA 5555-X):

sw-module module cxsc shutdown
 

ciscoasa# hw-module module 1 shutdown

Shuts down the module.

(ASA 5512-X through ASA 5555-X) Uninstalling a Software Module Image

To uninstall a software module image and associated configuration, perform the following steps.

Guidelines

In multiple context mode, perform this procedure in the system execution space.

Detailed Steps

 

Command
Purpose

Step 1

sw-module module cxsc uninstall

 

ciscoasa# sw-module module cxsc uninstall

Module cxsc will be uninstalled. This will completely remove the

disk image associated with the sw-module including any configuration

that existed within it.

 

Uninstall module <id>? [confirm]

Permanently uninstalls the software module image and associated configuration.

Step 2

reload

 

ciscoasa# reload

Reloads the ASA. You must reload the ASA before you can install a new module type.

(ASA 5512-X through ASA 5555-X) Sessioning to the Module From the ASA

To access the ASA CX software module CLI from the ASA, you can session from the ASA. You can either session to the module (using Telnet) or create a virtual console session. A console session might be useful if the control plane is down and you cannot establish a Telnet session.

You may need to access the CLI if you are using multiple context mode and you need to set basic network settings using the CLI, or for troubleshooting.

Guidelines

In multiple context mode, perform this procedure in the system execution space.

Detailed Steps

 

Command
Purpose

Telnet session.

session cxsc
 
 

ciscoasa# session cxsc

 

Opening command session with slot 1.

Connected to module cxsc. Escape character sequence is 'CTRL-^X'.

 

cxsc login: admin

Password: Admin123

Accesses the module using Telnet. You are prompted for the username and password. The default username is admin , and the default password is Admin123 .

Console session.

session cxsc console
 

ciscoasa# session cxsc console

 

Establishing console session with slot 1

Opening console session with module cxsc.

Connected to module cxsc. Escape character sequence is 'CTRL-SHIFT-6 then x'.

 

cxsc login: admin

Password: Admin123

Accesses the module console. You are prompted for the username and password. The default username is admin , and the default password is Admin123 .

Note Do not use this command in conjunction with a terminal server where Ctrl-Shift-6, x is the escape sequence to return to the terminal server prompt. Ctrl-Shift-6, x is also the sequence to escape the ASA CX console and return to the ASA prompt. Therefore, if you try to exit the ASA CX console in this situation, you instead exit all the way to the terminal server prompt. If you reconnect the terminal server to the ASA, the ASA CX console session is still active; you can never exit to the ASA prompt. You must use a direct serial connection to return the console to the ASA prompt.

Use the session cxsc command instead.

Monitoring the ASA CX Module

Use Tools > Command Line Interface to use monitoring commands.


Note For ASA CX-related syslog messages, see the syslog messages guide. ASA CX syslog messages start with message number 429001.


Showing Module Status

See the “ASA CX Status Tab” section in the general operations configuration guide.

Showing Module Statistics

To show module statistics, enter the following command:

 

Command
Purpose

show service-policy cxsc

Displays the ASA CX statistics and status per service policy.

Examples

The following is sample output from the show service-policy command showing the ASA CX policy and the current statistics as well as the module status when the authentication proxy is disabled:

hostname# show service-policy cxsc
Global policy:
Service-policy: global_policy
Class-map: bypass
CXSC: card status Up, mode fail-open, auth-proxy disabled
packet input 2626422041, packet output 2626877967, drop 0, reset-drop 0, proxied 0
 

The following is sample output from the show service-policy command showing the ASA CX policy and the current statistics as well as the module status when the authentication proxy is enabled; in this case, the proxied counters also increment:

hostname# show service-policy cxsc
Global policy:
Service-policy: pmap
Class-map: class-default
Default Queueing Set connection policy: random-sequence-number disable
drop 0
CXSC: card status Up, mode fail-open, auth-proxy enabled
packet input 7724, packet output 7701, drop 0, reset-drop 0, proxied 10
 

Monitoring Module Connections

To show connections through the ASA CX module, enter one of the following commands:

 

Command
Purpose

show asp table classify domain cxsc

Shows the NP rules created to send traffic to the ASA CX module.

show asp table classify domain cxsc-auth-proxy

Shows the NP rules created for the authentication proxy for the ASA CX module.

show asp drop

Shows dropped packets. The following drop types are used:

Frame Drops:

  • cxsc-bad-tlv-received—This occurs when ASA receives a packet from CXSC without a Policy ID TLV. This TLV must be present in non-control packets if it does not have the Standy Active bit set in the actions field.
  • cxsc-request—The frame was requested to be dropped by CXSC due a policy on CXSC whereby CXSC would set the actions to Deny Source, Deny Destination, or Deny Pkt.
  • cxsc-fail-close—The packet is dropped because the card is not up and the policy configured was 'fail-close' (rather than 'fail-open' which allows packets through even if the card was down).
  • cxsc-fail—The CXSC configuration was removed for an existing flow and we are not able to process it through CXSC it will be dropped. This should be very unlikely.
  • cxsc-malformed-packet—The packet from CXSC contains an invalid header. For instance, the header length may not be correct.

Flow Drops:

  • cxsc-request—The CXSC requested to terminate the flow. The actions bit 0 is set.
  • reset-by-cxsc—The CXSC requested to terminate and reset the flow. The actions bit 1 is set.
  • cxsc-fail-close—The flow was terminated because the card is down and the configured policy was 'fail-close'.

show asp event dp-cp cxsc-msg

This output shows how many ASA CX module messages are on the dp-cp queue. Currently, only VPN queries from the ASA CX module are sent to dp-cp.

show conn

This command already shows if a connection is being forwarded to a module by displaying the ‘X - inspected by service module’ flag. Connections being forwarded to the ASA CX module will also display the ‘X’ flag.

Examples

The following is sample output from the show asp table classify domain cxsc command:

ciscoasa# show asp table classify domain cxsc
Input Table
in id=0x7ffedb4acf40, priority=50, domain=cxsc, deny=false
hits=15485658, user_data=0x7ffedb4ac840, cs_id=0x0, use_real_addr, flags=0x0, protocol=0
src ip/id=0.0.0.0, mask=0.0.0.0, port=0
dst ip/id=0.0.0.0, mask=0.0.0.0, port=0, dscp=0x0
input_ifc=outside, output_ifc=any
in id=0x7ffedb4ad4a0, priority=50, domain=cxsc, deny=false
hits=992053, user_data=0x7ffedb4ac840, cs_id=0x0, use_real_addr, flags=0x0, protocol=0
src ip/id=0.0.0.0, mask=0.0.0.0, port=0
dst ip/id=0.0.0.0, mask=0.0.0.0, port=0, dscp=0x0
input_ifc=inside, output_ifc=any
in id=0x7ffedb4ada00, priority=50, domain=cxsc, deny=false
hits=0, user_data=0x7ffedb4ac840, cs_id=0x0, use_real_addr, flags=0x0, protocol=0
src ip/id=0.0.0.0, mask=0.0.0.0, port=0
dst ip/id=0.0.0.0, mask=0.0.0.0, port=0, dscp=0x0
input_ifc=m, output_ifc=any
 
Output Table:
 
L2 - Output Table:
 
L2 - Input Table:
 
Last clearing of hits counters: Never
 

The following is sample output from the show asp table classify domain cxsc-auth-proxy command. For the first rule in the output, the destination “port=2000” is the auth-proxy port configured by the cxsc auth-proxy port 2000 command, and the destination “ip/id=192.168.0.100” is the ASA interface IP address.

ciscoasa# show asp table classify domain cxsc-auth-proxy
Input Table
in id=0x7ffed86cc470, priority=121, domain=cxsc-auth-proxy, deny=false
hits=0, user_data=0x7ffed86ca220, cs_id=0x0, flags=0x0, protocol=6
src ip/id=0.0.0.0, mask=0.0.0.0, port=0
dst ip/id=192.168.0.100, mask=255.255.255.255, port=2000, dscp=0x0
input_ifc=inside, output_ifc=identity
in id=0x7ffed86cce20, priority=121, domain=cxsc-auth-proxy, deny=false
hits=0, user_data=0x7ffed86ca220, cs_id=0x0, flags=0x0, protocol=6
src ip/id=0.0.0.0, mask=0.0.0.0, port=0
dst ip/id=2.2.2.2, mask=255.255.255.255, port=2000, dscp=0x0
input_ifc=new2, output_ifc=identity
in id=0x7ffed86cd7d0, priority=121, domain=cxsc-auth-proxy, deny=false
hits=0, user_data=0x7ffed86ca220, cs_id=0x0, flags=0x0, protocol=6
src ip/id=0.0.0.0, mask=0.0.0.0, port=0
dst ip/id=172.23.58.52, mask=255.255.255.255, port=2000, dscp=0x0
input_ifc=mgmt, output_ifc=identity
in id=0x7ffed86caa80, priority=121, domain=cxsc-auth-proxy, deny=false
hits=0, user_data=0x7ffed86ca220, cs_id=0x0, flags=0x0, protocol=6
src ip/id=0.0.0.0, mask=0.0.0.0, port=0
dst ip/id=192.168.5.172, mask=255.255.255.255, port=2000, dscp=0x0
input_ifc=outside, output_ifc=identity
in id=0x7ffed86cb3c0, priority=121, domain=cxsc-auth-proxy, deny=false
hits=0, user_data=0x7ffed86ca220, cs_id=0x0, flags=0x0, protocol=6
src ip/id=::/0, port=0
dst ip/id=fe80::5675:d0ff:fe5b:1102/128, port=2000
input_ifc=outside, output_ifc=identity
in id=0x7ffed742be10, priority=121, domain=cxsc-auth-proxy, deny=false
hits=0, user_data=0x7ffed86ca220, cs_id=0x0, flags=0x0, protocol=6
src ip/id=::/0, port=0
dst ip/id=1:1:1:1::10/128, port=2000
input_ifc=outside, output_ifc=identity
 
Output Table:
 
L2 - Output Table:
 
L2 - Input Table:
 
Last clearing of hits counters: Never
 

The following is sample output from the show asp drop command. This output is just an example and lists all the possible reasons for a dropped frame or flow from the ASA CX module:

ciscoasa# show asp drop
Frame drop:
CXSC Module received packet with bad TLV's (cxsc-bad-tlv-received) 2
CXSC Module requested drop (cxsc-request) 1
CXSC card is down (cxsc-fail-close) 1
CXSC config removed for flow (cxsc-fail) 3
CXSC Module received malformed packet (cxsc-malformed-packet) 1
Last clearing: 18:12:58 UTC May 11 2012 by enable_15
 
Flow drop:
Flow terminated by CXSC (cxsc-request) 2
Flow reset by CXSC (reset-by-cxsc) 1
CXSC fail-close (cxsc-fail-close) 1
 
Last clearing: 18:12:58 UTC May 11 2012 by enable_15
 

The following is sample output from the show asp event dp-cp cxsc-msg command:

ciscoasa# show asp event dp-cp cxsc-msg
DP-CP EVENT QUEUE QUEUE-LEN HIGH-WATER
Punt Event Queue 0 5
Identity-Traffic Event Queue 0 0
General Event Queue 0 4
Syslog Event Queue 4 90
Non-Blocking Event Queue 0 2
Midpath High Event Queue 0 53
Midpath Norm Event Queue 8074 8288
SRTP Event Queue 0 0
HA Event Queue 0 0
Threat-Detection Event Queue 0 3
ARP Event Queue 0 2048
IDFW Event Queue 0 0
CXSC Event Queue 0 1
EVENT-TYPE ALLOC ALLOC-FAIL ENQUEUED ENQ-FAIL RETIRED 15SEC-RATE
cxsc-msg 1 0 1 0 1 0
 

The following is sample output from the show conn detail command:

ciscoasa# show conn detail
0 in use, 105 most used
Flags: A - awaiting inside ACK to SYN, a - awaiting outside ACK to SYN,
B - initial SYN from outside, b - TCP state-bypass or nailed, C - CTIQBE media,
D - DNS, d - dump, E - outside back connection, F - outside FIN, f - inside FIN,
G - group, g - MGCP, H - H.323, h - H.225.0, I - inbound data,
i - incomplete, J - GTP, j - GTP data, K - GTP t3-response
k - Skinny media, M - SMTP data, m - SIP media, n - GUP
O - outbound data, P - inside back connection, p - Phone-proxy TFTP connection,
q - SQL*Net data, R - outside acknowledged FIN,
R - UDP SUNRPC, r - inside acknowledged FIN, S - awaiting inside SYN,
s - awaiting outside SYN, T - SIP, t - SIP transient, U - up,
V - VPN orphan, W - WAAS,
X - inspected by service module
 
TCP outside 208.80.152.2:80 inside 192.168.1.20:59928, idle 0:00:10, bytes 79174, flags XUIO

Capturing Module Traffic

To configure and view packet captures for the ASA CX module, enter one of the following commands:

 

Command
Purpose

capture name interface asa_dataplane

Captures packets between ASA CX module and the ASA on the backplane.

copy capture

Copies the capture file to a server.

show capture

Shows the capture at the ASA console.


Note Captured packets contain an additional AFBP header that your PCAP viewer might not understand; be sure to use the appropriate plugin to view these packets.


Troubleshooting the ASA CX Module

Problems with the Authentication Proxy

If you are having a problem using the authentication proxy feature, follow these steps to troubleshoot your configuration and connections:

1. Check your configurations.

  • On the ASA, check the output of the show asp table classify domain cxsc-auth-proxy command and make sure there are rules installed and that they are correct.
  • In PRSM, ensure the directory realm is created with the correct credentials and test the connection to make sure you can reach the authentication server; also ensure that a policy object or objects are configured for authentication.

2. Check the output of the show service-policy cxsc command to see if any packets were proxied.

3. Perform a packet capture on the backplane, and check to see if traffic is being redirected on the correct configured port. See the “Capturing Module Traffic” section. You can check the configured port using the show running-config cxsc command or the show asp table classify domain cxsc-auth-proxy command.


Note If you have a connection between hosts on two ASA interfaces, and the ASA CX service policy is only configured for one of the interfaces, then all traffic between these hosts is sent to the ASA CX module, including traffic orginiating on the non-ASA CX interface (the feature is bidirectional). However, the ASA only performs the authentication proxy on the interface to which the service policy is applied, because this feature is ingress-only.


Example 30-1 Make sure port 2000 is used consistently:

1. Check the authentication proxy port:

ciscoasa# show running-config cxsc
cxsc auth-proxy port 2000
 

2. Check the authentication proxy rules:

ciscoasa# show asp table classify domain cxsc-auth-proxy
 
Input Table
in id=0x7ffed86cc470, priority=121, domain=cxsc-auth-proxy, deny=false
hits=0, user_data=0x7ffed86ca220, cs_id=0x0, flags=0x0, protocol=6
src ip/id=0.0.0.0, mask=0.0.0.0, port=0
dst ip/id=192.168.0.100, mask=255.255.255.255, port=2000, dscp=0x0
input_ifc=inside, output_ifc=identity
 

3. In the packet captures, the redirect request should be going to destination port 2000.

Feature History for the ASA CX Module

Table 30-2 lists each feature change and the platform release in which it was implemented. ASDM is backwards-compatible with multiple platform releases, so the specific ASDM release in which support was added is not listed.

 

Table 30-2 Feature History for the ASA CX Module

Feature Name
Platform Releases
Feature Information

ASA 5585-X with SSP-10 and -20 support for the ASA CX SSP-10 and -20

ASA 8.4(4.1)
ASA CX 9.0(1)

The ASA CX module lets you enforce security based on the complete context of a situation. This context includes the identity of the user (who), the application or website that the user is trying to access (what), the origin of the access attempt (where), the time of the attempted access (when), and the properties of the device used for the access (how). With the ASA CX module, you can extract the full context of a flow and enforce granular policies such as permitting access to Facebook but denying access to games on Facebook or permitting finance employees access to a sensitive enterprise database but denying the same access to other employees.

We introduced the following screens:

Home > ASA CX Status
Wizards > Startup Wizard > ASA CX Basic Configuration
Configuration > Firewall > Service Policy Rules > Add Service Policy Rule > Rule Actions > ASA CX Inspection

ASA 5512-X through ASA 5555-X support for the ASA CX SSP

ASA 9.1(1)
ASA CX 9.1(1)

We introduced support for the ASA CX SSP software module for the ASA 5512-X, ASA 5515-X, ASA 5525-X, ASA 5545-X, and ASA 5555-X.

We did not modify any screens.

Monitor-only mode for demonstration purposes

ASA 9.1(2)
ASA CX 9.1(2)

For demonstration purposes only, you can enable monitor-only mode for the service policy, which forwards a copy of traffic to the ASA CX module, while the original traffic remains unaffected.

Another option for demonstration purposes is to configure a traffic-forwarding interface instead of a service policy in monitor-only mode. The traffic-forwarding interface sends all traffic directly to the ASA CX module, bypassing the ASA.

We modified the following screen: Configuration > Firewall > Service Policy Rules > Add Service Policy Rule > Rule Actions > ASA CX Inspection.

The traffic-forwarding feature is supported by CLI only.

NAT 64 support for the ASA CX module

ASA 9.1(2)
ASA CX 9.1(2)

You can now use NAT 64 in conjunction with the ASA CX module.

We did not modify any screens.

ASA 5585-X with SSP-40 and -60 support for the ASA CX SSP-40 and -60

ASA 9.1(3)
ASA CX 9.2(1)

ASA CX SSP-40 and -60 modules can be used with the matching level ASA 5585-X with SSP-40 and -60.

We did not modify any screens.

Multiple context mode support for the ASA CX module

ASA 9.1(3)
ASA CX 9.2(1)

You can now configure ASA CX service policies per context on the ASA.

Note Although you can configure per context ASA service policies, the ASA CX module itself (configured in PRSM) is a single context mode device; the context-specific traffic coming from the ASA is checked against the common ASA CX policy.

We did not modify any screens.

Filtering packets captured on the ASA CX backplane

ASA 9.1(3)
ASA CX 9.2(1)

You can now filter packets captured on the ASA CX backplane using the match or access-list keyword with the capture interface asa_dataplane command.

Control traffic specific to the ASA CX module is not affected by the access-list or match filtering; the ASA captures all control traffic.

In multiple context mode, configure the packet capture per context. Note that all control traffic in multiple context mode goes only to the system execution space. Because control traffic cannot be filtered using an access-list or match, these options are not available in the system execution space.

We did not modify any ASDM screens.