Cisco IOS XR Routing Command Reference for the Cisco XR 12000 Series Router, Release 4.3.x
RIB Commands
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RIB Commands

This module describes the commands used to display and clear information in the Routing Information Base (RIB).

For detailed information about RIB concepts, configuration tasks, and examples, see the Implementing RIB on Cisco IOS XR Softwaremodule in Cisco IOS XR Routing Configuration Guide for the Cisco XR 12000 Series Router.

address-family next-hop dampening disable

To disable Routing Information Base (RIB) next-hop dampening, use the address-family next-hop dampening disable command in router configuration mode. To enable RIB next-hop dampening, use the no form of this command.

address-family { ipv4 | ipv6 } next-hop dampening disable

no address-family { ipv4 | ipv6 } next-hop dampening disable

Syntax Description

ipv4

Specifies IP Version 4 (IPv4) address prefixes.

ipv6

Specifies IP Version 6 (IPv6) address prefixes.

Command Default

RIB next-hop dampening is enabled.

Command Modes

Router configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.4.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

rib

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to disable RIB next-hop dampening for IPv6 address families:

RP/0/0/CPU0:routerconfigure 
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# router rib 
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-rib)# address-family ipv6 next-hop dampening disable

clear route

To clear routes from the IP routing table, use the clear route command in EXEC configuration mode.

clear route [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] { ipv4 | ipv6 | safi-all } { unicast | multicast | safi-all } [ topology topo-name ] [ ip-address mask ]

Syntax Description

vrf { vrf-name | all }

(Optional) Specifies a particular VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance or all VRF instances.

ipv4

Specifies IP Version 4 address prefixes.

ipv6

Specifies IP Version 6 address prefixes.

safi -all

Specifies IP Version 4 and IP Version 6 address prefixes.

safiunicast

Specifies unicast address prefixes.

multicast

Specifies multicast address prefixes.

safi-all

Specifies unicast and multicast address prefixes.

topology topo-name

(Optional) Specifies topology table information and name of the topology table.

ip-address node-id

(Optional) Clears hardware resource counters from the designated node. The node-id argument is entered in the rack/slot/module notation.

ip-address

Network IP address about which routing information should be displayed.

mask

Network mask specified in either of two ways:

Network mask can be a four-part, dotted-decimal address. For example, 255.0.0.0 indicates that each bit equal to 1 means the corresponding address bit is a network address.

Network mask can be indicated as a slash (/) and number. For example, /8 indicates that the first 8 bits of the mask are 1s, and the corresponding bits of the address are the network address.

Command Default

If a vrf vrf-name is not specified, routes are cleared from the default IPv4 unicast VRF.

Command Modes

EXEC configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

The afi-all and safi-all keywords were added.

Release 3.3.0

The vrf vrf-name keyword and argument were added.

Release 3.4.0

The all keyword was added.

Release 3.7.0

The topology topo-name keyword and argument were added.

Usage Guidelines

Use the clear route command to clear routes from an IP routing table to a specific network, a matching subnet address, or all routes.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

rib

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to remove all routes matching the subnet address 192.168.2.0 and mask 255.255.255.0 from the IPv4 unicast routing table:

  RP/0/0/CPU0:router# clear route ipv4 unicast 192.168.2.0 255.255.255.0
  
  
         

The following example shows how to remove all routes from the IPv4 unicast routing table:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# clear route ipv4 unicast
         

Related Commands

Command

Description

show route

Displays the current state of the routing table.

maximum prefix (RIB)

To set the prefix limit for the VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance, use the maximum prefix command in global VRF address family configuration mode. To set the prefix limits to the default values, use the no form of this command.

maximum prefix maximum [mid-threshold]

no maximum prefix

Syntax Description

maximum

Maximum number of prefixes allowed in the VRF instance. Range is 32 to 2000000.

mid-threshold

(Optional) Integer specifying at what percentage of the maximum argument value the software starts to generate a Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) trap. Range is 1 to 100.

Command Default

No default behavior or values

Command Modes

Global VRF address family configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.3.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the maximum prefix command to configure a maximum number of prefixes that a VRF instance is allowed to receive.

A maximum number of routes is applicable to dynamic routing protocols as well as static or connected routes.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

rib

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to set the maximum number of prefixes allowed to 1000:

  RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# vrf vrf-A
  RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-vrf)# address-family ipv4 unicast
  RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-vrf-af)#  maximum prefix 1000
  
         

Related Commands

Command

Description

show rib tables

Displays all tables known to the RIB.

lcc

To enable Label Consistency Checker (lcc) background scan for IPv6 or IPv4 labels, use the lcc enable command in global configuration mode. To disable lcc background scan, use the no for of this command.

lcc { ipv4 | ipv6 } unicast { enable | period milliseconds }

no lcc { ipv4 | ipv6 } unicast { enable | period milliseconds }

Syntax Description

ipv4

Specifies IP Version 4 address prefixes.

ipv6

Specifies IP Version 6 address prefixes.

unicast

Specifies unicast address prefixes.

period milliseconds

Specifies the period between scans in milliseconds. Range is 100 to 600000 milliseconds.

Command Default

Label consistency checker is disabled.

Command Modes

Global configuration

Command History

Release Modification

Release 4.2.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Task ID

Task ID Operation
ipv4

read, write

ipv6

read, write

Examples

This example shows how to enbale lcc for IPv6 lables:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router#configure
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)#lcc ipv6 unicast enable

rcc

To enable Route Consistency Checker (rcc) background scan for IPv6 or IPv4 routes, use the rcc enable command in global configuration mode. To disable rcc background scan, use the no form of this command.

rcc { ipv4 | ipv6 } unicast { enable | period milliseconds }

no rcc { ipv4 | ipv6 } unicast { enable | period milliseconds }

Syntax Description

ipv4

Specifies IP Version 4 address prefixes.

ipv6

Specifies IP Version 6 address prefixes.

unicast

Specifies unicast address prefixes.

period milliseconds

Specifies the period between scans in milliseconds. Range is 100 to 600000 milliseconds.

Command Default

Route consistency checker is disabled.

Command Modes

Global configuration

Command History

Release Modification

Release 4.2.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the period option to control how often the scan be triggered. Each time the scan is triggered, the background scan process resumes verification from where it was left out and sends one buffer’s worth of routes to the forwarding information base (FIB).

Task ID

Task ID Operation
ipv4

read, write

ipv6

read, write

Examples

This example shows how to configure rcc for IPv6 unicast:
RP/0/0/CPU0:router#configure
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)#rcc ipv6 unicast enable

This example shows how to enable rcc with a scan period of 500 milliseconds for IPv6 unicast:
RP/0/0/CPU0:router#configure
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)#rcc ipv6 unicast period 500

recursion-depth-max

To set the maximum depth for route recursion checks, use the recursion-depth-max command in router configuration mode. To set the recursion checks to the default value, use the no form of this command.

recursion-depth-max maximum

no recursion-depth-max maximum

Syntax Description

maximum

Maximum depth for recursion checks. Range is 5 to 16.

Command Default

The default recursion depth is 128.

Command Modes

Router configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.5.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the recursion-depth-max command to configure a specific maximum number of recursion checks in the range of 5 to 16.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

rib

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to set the maximum depth for route recursion checks to 12:

  RP/0/0/CPU0:routerconfigure 
  RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# router rib 
  RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-rib)# recursion-depth-max 12 
  
         

router rib

To enter Routing Information Base (RIB) configuration mode, use the router rib command in global configuration mode. To remove all RIB configurations and terminate the RIB routing process, use the no form of this command.

router rib

no router rib

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Default

Router configuration mode is not enabled.

Command Modes

Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.4.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

bgp

read, write

ospf

read, write

hsrp

read, write

isis

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to enter RIB configuration mode:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# router rib
         

rump always-replicate

To enable replication from uRIB to muRIB as usual even after features such as MTR are configured, use the rump always-replicate command in router configuration mode. To diable replication from uRIB to muRIB, use the no form of this command.

rump always-replicate [access-list]

no rump always-replicate [access-list]

Syntax Description

access-list-name

(Optional) Name of the access list.

Command Default

Replication from uRIB to muRIB is enabled.

Command Modes

Router address family configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.9.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Configuring the rump always-replicate command allows routers in a network to be upgraded to multitopology routing gradually without a flag day where all routers need to be configured at the same time without major service disruption. When rump always-replicate is configured, replicated routes are added into the muRIB with the lowest admin distance. So if protocols are populating the muRIB, they continue to do so. For the same route, protocol routes win over replicated routes because of higher admin distance.

If an unwanted more specific route comes from the uRIB, optionally provide an access list through which the replicated routes are run. If the route passes the access list, the route is replicated by RUMP.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

rib

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to enale replication from uRIB to muRIB:

  RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# router rib
  RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-rib)# address-family ipv4 
  RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-rib-afi)# rump always-replicate
  
         

show lcc statistics

To view results of a label consistency checker (lcc) background scan, use the show lcc statistics command in EXEC mode.

show lcc { ipv4 | ipv6 } unicast statistics

Syntax Description

ipv4

IPv4 address prefix.

ipv6

IPv6 address prefix.

unicast

Specifies unicast address prefix.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release Modification

Release 4.2.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Task ID

Task ID Operation

ipv4

read

ipv6

read

Examples

This example shows background scan statistics for AFI-SAFI mplsv6-unicast:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router#show lcc ipv6 unicast statistics         

Background Scan Statistics for AFI-SAFI mplsv6-unicast:
======================================================

Scan enabled:           False
Current scan-id:        0                Scan triggered:        False
Configured period:      60               Current period:        0

Paused by range scan: False
Paused by route churn: False
Paused by error scan: False

Last data sent: 0 entries                Damping percent:       70
Default route churn:    10               Current route churn:   0
Route churn last calculated at           Dec 31 16:00:00.000

Logs stored for background scan ids: 

Log for AFI-SAFI mplsv6-unicast:
================================

End Of Logs
This example shows background scan statistics for AFI-SAFI mplsv4-unicast:
RP/0/0/CPU0:router#show lcc ipv4 unicast statistics 


Background Scan Statistics for AFI-SAFI mplsv4-unicast:
======================================================

Scan enabled:           False
Current scan-id:        0                Scan triggered:        False
Configured period:      60               Current period:        0

Paused by range scan: False
Paused by route churn: False
Paused by error scan: False

Last data sent: 0 entries                Damping percent:       70
Default route churn:    10               Current route churn:   0
Route churn last calculated at           Dec 31 16:00:00.000

Logs stored for background scan ids: 

Log for AFI-SAFI mplsv4-unicast:
================================

End Of Logs

show rcc

To display route consistency checker (RCC) information, use the show rcc command in EXEC mode.

show rcc { ipv4 | ipv6 } unicast [ log | prefix netmask vrf vrf-name ]

Syntax Description

ipv4

Specifies IP Version 4 address prefixes.

ipv6

Specifies IP Version 6 address prefixes.

unicast

Specifies unicast address prefixes.

log

(Optional) Specifies the RCC log.

prefix

(Optional) Starting prefix.

netmask

(Optional) Network mask.

vrf vrf-name

(Optional) Specifies a particular VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance or all VRF instances.

Command Default

No default behavior or values

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.5.0

This command was introduced.

Release 3.6.0

The following keywords and arguments were added:

  • prefix
  • mask
  • vrf vrf-name

Usage Guidelines

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ipv4

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show rcc command:

  RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show rcc ipv4 unicast log 
  
  ipv4-unicast: disabled, count = 1000, period = 60, table wraps = 0
  ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  node                    checks performed                        errors
  
  0/6/CPU0                               0                             0
  0/4/CPU1                               30                            0
  0/4/CPU0                               0                             0
  0/1/CPU0                               0                             0
  0/RP1/CPU0                             120                           0
  0/RP0/CPU0                            z 0                             0
  

show rcc statistics

To view results of a route consistency checker (rcc) background scan, use the show rcc statistics command in EXEC mode.

show rcc { ipv4 | ipv6 } unicast statistics

Syntax Description

ipv4

IPv4 address prefix.

ipv6

IPv6 address prefix.

unicast

Specifies unicast address prefixes.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release Modification

Release 4.2.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Task ID

Task ID Operation

ipv4

read

ipv6

read

Examples

This example shows background scan statistics for AFI-SAFI IPv6 unicast:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router#show rcc ipv6 unicast statistics 

Background Scan Statistics for AFI-SAFI ipv6-unicast:
======================================================

Scan enabled:           False
Current scan-id:        0                Scan triggered:        False
Configured period:      60               Current period:        0

Paused by range scan: False
Paused by route churn: False
Paused by error scan: False

Last data sent: 0 entries                Damping percent:       70
Default route churn:    10               Current route churn:   0
Route churn last calculated at           Dec 31 16:00:00.000

Logs stored for background scan ids: 

Log for AFI-SAFI ipv6-unicast:
================================

End Of Logs
This example shows background scan statistics for AFI-SAFI Ipv4 unicast:
RP/0/0/CPU0:router#show rcc ipv4 unicast statistics 

Background Scan Statistics for AFI-SAFI ipv4-unicast:
======================================================

Scan enabled:           False
Current scan-id:        0                Scan triggered:        False
Configured period:      60               Current period:        0

Paused by range scan: False
Paused by route churn: False
Paused by error scan: False

Last data sent: 0 entries                Damping percent:       70
Default route churn:    10               Current route churn:   0
Route churn last calculated at           Dec 31 16:00:00.000

Logs stored for background scan ids: 

Log for AFI-SAFI ipv4-unicast:
================================

End Of Logs

show rcc vrf

To run on-demand route consistency checker (rcc) scan on AFI, SAFI, table, and prefix or the entire set of prefixes in the table, use the show rcc vrf command in EXEC mode.

show rcc { ipv4 | ipv6 } unicast prefix /mask vrf vrfname

Syntax Description

ipv4

IPv4 address prefix.

ipv6

IPv6 address prefix.

prefix /mask

Specifies unicast address prefix.

vrf

Specifies VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance.

vrfname

Name of the VRF.

Command Default

None.

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release Modification

Release 4.2.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Task ID

Task ID Operation

ipv4

read

ipv6

read

Examples

This example shows how to run on-demand rcc scan for an IPv6 prefix:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router#show rcc ipv6 unicast 2001:DB8::/32 vrf vrf_1

This example shows how to run on-demand rcc scan for an Ipv4 prefix:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router#show rcc ipv4 unicast 10.2.3.4/32 vrf vrf-1

show rib

To display Routing Information Base (RIB) data, use the show rib command in EXEC mode.

show rib { ipv4 | | ipv6 } { unicast | | multicast } [ firsthop | [ type interface-path-id ] | next-hop | [ type interface-path-id ] | opaques | { attribute | ip-nexthop | ipfrr | safi-tunnel | summary | tunnel-nexthop} } | protocols | [ standby ] | statistics | [ name ] | [ standby ] | | topology | { topo-name | | all } ]

Syntax Description

ipv4

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 4 address prefixes.

ipv6

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 6 address prefixes.

unicast

(Optional) Specifies unicast address prefixes. This is the default.

multicast

(Optional) Specifies multicast address prefixes.

firsthop

(Optional) Specifies registered first-hop notification addresses

type

Interface type. For more information, use the question mark (?) online help function.

interface-path-id

Identifies a physical interface or a virtual interface.

Note   

Use the show interfaces command to see a list of all possible interfaces currently configured on the router.

For more information about the syntax for the router, use the question mark (?) online help function.

next-hop

(Optional) Specifies registered next-hop notification addresses.

opaques

(Optional) Specifies opaque data installed in the RIB.

attribute

(Optional) Specifies opaque attributes installed in the RIB.

ip-nexthop

(Optional) Specifies P next-hop data installed in the RIB.

ipfrr

(Optional) Specifies IP fast reroute (IPFRR) opaque data installed in the RIB.

safi-tunnel

(Optional) Specifies subaddress family (SAFI) tunnel opaque data installed in the RIB.

summary

(Optional) Specifies a summary of opaque data installed in the RIB.

tunnel-nexthop

(Optional) Specifies tunnel next-hop opaque data installed in the RIB.

protocols

(Optional) Specifies registered protocols.

statistics name

(Optional) Specifies RIB statistics of a given name.

standby

(Optional) Specifies standby information.

topology topo-name

(Optional) Specifies topology table information and name of the topology table.

all

(Optional) Specifies that all topology table information should be displayed.

Command Default

No default behavior or values

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.3.0

This command was introduced.

Release 3.4.0

The ipv4, ipv6 , and standby keywords were added.

Release 3.7.0

The topology topo-name keyword and argument were added.

Usage Guidelines

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ipv4

read

Examples

The following example illustrates the show rib command:

  RP/0/RP0/CPU0:router# show rib 
            
               ipv4 multicast 
            
            
               topology 
            BLUE
  
  RP/0/RP0/CPU0:router# show rib topology BLUE ipv4 multicast protocols 
  Protocol   Handle   Instance
  isis         0      mt
  
  
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

show rib afi-all

Displays both IPv4 and IPv6 RIB information.

show rib afi-all

To display Routing Information Base (RIB) data for both IPv4 and IPv6 address families, use the show rib afi-all command in EXEC mode.

show rib afi-all [attributes] [client-id] [clients] [extcomms] [firsthop] [history] [multicast] [next-hop] [opaques] [protocols] [recursion-depth-max] [safi-all] [statistics] [tables] [trace] [unicast] [vpn-attributes]

Syntax Description

attributes

(Optional) Displays all BGP attributes installed in RIB.

client-id

(Optional) Displays RIB client ID for longer history of redistributed routes sent to the client.

clients

(Optional) Displays RIB clients.

extcomms

(Optional) Displays all extended communities installed in RIB.

firsthop

(Optional) Displays registered firsthop notification addresses.

history

(Optional) Displays redistributed routes sent to RIB clients.

multicast

(Optional) Displays multicast commands.

next-hop

(Optional) Displays registered next-hop notification addresses.

opaques

(Optional) Displays opaquae data installed in RIB.

protocols

(Optional) Displays registered protocols.

recursion-depth-max

(Optional) Displays maximum recursion depth in RIB.

safi-all

(Optional) Displays unicast and multicast commands.

statistics

(Optional) Displays RIB statistics.

tables

(Optional) Displays a list of tables known to RIB.

trace

(Optional) Displays RIB trace entries.

unicast

(Optional) Displays unicast commands.

vpn-attributes

(Optional) Displays all VPN attributes installed in RIB.

Command Default

No default behavior or values

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ipv4

read

Examples

The following example illustrates the show rib afi-all attributes command:

  RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show rib afi-all attributes 
  
  BGP attribute data in IPv4 RIB:
  
  0 Attributes, for a total of 0 bytes.
  
  BGP attribute data in IPv6 RIB:
  
  0 Attributes, for a total of 0 bytes.
  
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

show rib

Displays RIB information.

show rib attributes

To display Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) attributes installed in the Routing Information Base (RIB), use the show rib attributes command in EXEC mode.

show rib attributes [summary] [standby]

Syntax Description

summary

(Optional) Displays a summary of BGP attribute data installed in the RIB.

standby

(Optional) Displays standby information.

Command Default

No default behavior or values

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.5.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

rib

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show rib attributes command:

  RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show rib attributes 
  
  BGP attribute data in IPv4 RIB: 
  
  Attribute ID (0x2):size (68) 
  Attribute ID (0x3):size (52) 
  Attribute ID (0x4):size (68) 
  Attribute ID (0x5):size (52) 
  
  4 Attributes, for a total of 240 bytes.
  
  Attribute ID : ID assigned for the attribute by BGP
  size : size of the attribute data.
  

show rib client-id

To display Routing Information Base (RIB) redistribution histories, use the show rib client-id command in EXEC mode.

show rib client-id id redistribution history [standby]

Syntax Description

id

ID of the client. Range is 0 to 4294967295.

redistribution history

Displays longer history of redistributed routes sent to RIB clients.

standby

(Optional) Displays standby information.

Command Default

No default behavior or values

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.3.0

This command was introduced.

Release 3.4.0

The standby keyword was added.

Usage Guidelines

Use the show rib client-id command to display a history of the route additions, deletions, and updates sent from RIB to the client across VRFs.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

rib

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show rib client-id command:

  RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show rib client-id 13 redistribution history 
  
  PID     JID   Client             Location          
  151630  113   bcdl_agent         node0_5_CPU0      
    Table ID: 0xe0000000
       S 80.80.80.0/24[1/0]            update, 5 path(s), 0x0   Jan 31 09:54:57.224
       S 80.80.80.0/24[1/0]            update, 6 path(s), 0x0   Jan 31 09:53:39.736
       S 140.140.140.0/24[1/0]         update, 1 path(s), 0x0   Jan 31 09:53:39.729
       S 80.80.80.0/24[1/0]            update, 5 path(s), 0x0   Jan 30 22:08:38.551
       S 140.140.140.0/24              deleted,                 Jan 30 22:08:38.543
       S 80.80.80.0/24[1/0]            update, 6 path(s), 0x0   Jan 30 22:03:05.889
       S 100.100.100.0/24[1/0]         update, 1 path(s), 0x0   Jan 30 22:03:05.880
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 1 show rib client-id Field Descriptions

Field

Description

PID

Process ID of the client.

JID

Job ID of the client.

Client

Client name.

Location

Location node on which the client is present.

Related Commands

Command

Description

show rib clients

Displays RIB clients.

show rib clients

To display Routing Information Base (RIB) clients, use the show rib clients command in EXEC mode.

show rib [ afi-all | ipv4 | ipv6 ] clients [ protocols | redistribution [history] ] [standby]

Syntax Description

afi-all

(Optional) Specifies all address families.

ipv4

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 4 address prefixes. This is the default.

ipv6

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 6 address prefixes.

protocols

(Optional) Specifies client protocols.

redistribution

(Optional) Specifies protocols redistributed by clients

history

(Optional) Specifies redistributed routes sent to RIB clients.

standby

(Optional) Displays standby information.

Command Default

No default behavior or values

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.3.0

This command was introduced.

Release 3.4.0

The ipv4, ipv6 , and standby keywords were added.

Usage Guidelines

Use the show rib clients command to display the list of clients who have registered with RIB, what protocol routes they are redistributing, and a history of the routes sent to the client.

The maximum number of redistribution entries is 5000 for Bulk Content Downloader (BCDL) and 500 for other protocols.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

rib

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show rib clients command:

  RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show rib clients
  
  Process              Location         Client ID  Redist   Proto 
  isis                 node0_5_CPU0     0           insync   insync
  ospf                 node0_5_CPU0       2         insync   insync
  
  RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show rib clients redistribution 
  
  isis node0_5_CPU0 
     ipv4  uni        vrf default   insync         route
        static                      insync
  ospf node0_5_CPU0 
     ipv4  uni        vrf default   insync         route
        static                      insync
        local                       insync
  bgp node0_5_CPU0 
     ipv4  uni        vrf abc       insync         route
        static                      insync
  bcdl_agent node0_5_CPU0 
     ipv4  uni        vrf default   insync         rib_fib
     ipv4  uni        vrf bar       insync         rib_fib
     ipv4  uni        vrf abc       insync         rib_fib
     ipv4  uni        vrf test      insync         rib_fib
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 2 show rib clients Field Descriptions

Field

Description

Process

Client process name.

Location

Location where the client process in running.

Client ID

ID assigned to the client by RIB.

Redist

Whether the client is redistributing any protocols or not and whether it has read all routes from RIB or not.

  • insync—read
  • outsync—not read.

Proto

Whether the protocol has sent all its routes to RIB and signaled update complete or not.

  • insync—read
  • outsync—not read.

show rib extcomms

To display all extended communities installed in the Routing Information Base (RIB), use the show rib extcomms command in EXEC mode.

show rib [ afi-all | ipv4 | ipv6 ] extcomms [summary] [standby]

Syntax Description

afi-all

(Optional) Specifies all address families.

ipv4

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 4 address prefixes. This is the default.

ipv6

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 6 address prefixes.

summary

(Optional) Specifies a summary of all extended communities in the RIB.

standby

(Optional) Displays standby information.

Command Default

No default behavior or values

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.3.0

This command was introduced.

Release 3.4.0

The ipv4 , ipv6 , and standby keywords were added.

Usage Guidelines

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

rib

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show rib extcomms command:

  RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show rib extcomms 
  
  Extended community data in RIB:
  
  Extended community                         Ref count
  COST:128:128:41984                            1
  EIGRP route-info:0x8000:0                     1
  EIGRP AD:1:25600                              1
  EIGRP RHB:255:0:16384                         1
  EIGRP LM:0x0:1:4470                           1
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 3 show rib extcomms Field Descriptions

Field

Description

Extended Community

Type of extended communities. Different protocols can add different extended communities.

Ref Count

Number of routes referring to the Extended community.

show rib firsthop

To display registered first-hop notification addresses, use the show rib firsthop command in EXEC mode.

show rib [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [ afi-all | ipv4 | ipv6 ] [ unicast | multicast | safi-all ] firsthop [client-name] [ type interface-path-id | ip-address /prefix-length | ip-address mask | resolved | unresolved | damped ] [summary] [standby]

Syntax Description

vrf { vrf-name | all }

(Optional) Specifies a particular VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance or all VRF instances.

afi-all

(Optional) Specifies all address families.

ipv4

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 4 address prefixes. This is the default.

ipv6

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 6 address prefixes.

unicast

(Optional) Specifies unicast address prefixes. This is the default.

multicast

(Optional) Specifies multicast address prefixes.

safi-all

(Optional) Specifies unicast and multicast address prefixes.

client-name

(Optional) Name of the RIB client.

type

Interface type. For more information, use the question mark ( ? ) online help function.

interface-path-id

Physical interface or virtual interface.

Note   

Use the show interfaces command to see a list of all interfaces currently configured on the router.

For more information about the syntax for the router, use the question mark ( ? ) online help function.

ip-address

(Optional) Network that BGP advertises.

/ prefix-length

(Optional) Length of the IP address prefix. A decimal value that indicates how many of the high-order contiguous bits of the address compose the prefix (the network portion of the address). A slash (/) must precede the decimal value.

ip-address mask

(Optional) Network mask applied to the ip-address argument.

resolved

(Optional) Specifies resolved next-hops.

unresolved

(Optional) Specifies unresolved next-hops.

damped

(Optional) Specifies next-hops that are damped.

summary

(Optional) Specifies a summary of the next-hop information.

standby

(Optional) Displays standby information.

Command Default

If a vrf vrf-name is not specified, the registered first-hop notifications addresses are displayed for the default IPv4 unicast VRF.

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.3.0

This command was introduced.

Release 3.4.0

The following keywords were added:

  • all
  • looped
  • damped
  • standby

Release 3.6.0

The looped keyword was removed.

Usage Guidelines

Use the show rib firsthop command to display the list of first hops registered by various clients with RIB and the address and interface through which they are resolved.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

rib

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show rib firsthop command:

  RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show rib firsthop 
  
  Registered firsthop notifications:
  0.0.0.0/0 via 1.1.0.1 - MgmtEth0/5/CPU0/0, ospf/node0_5_CPU0
  1.1.0.1/32 via 1.1.0.1 - MgmtEth0/5/CPU0/0, ipv4_static/node0_5_CPU0
  1.1.1.1/32 via 1.1.1.1 - MgmtEth0/5/CPU0/0, ipv4_static/node0_5_CPU0
  10.10.10.1/32 via 10.10.10.1 - Loopback0, ipv4_static/node0_5_CPU0
  10.10.10.3/32 via 10.10.10.3 - Loopback0, ipv4_static/node0_5_CPU0
  15.15.15.1/32 via 10.10.10.1 - Loopback0, ipv4_static/node0_5_CPU0
  20.20.20.1/32 via 1.1.1.1 - MgmtEth0/5/CPU0/0, ipv4_static/node0_5_CPU0
  30.30.30.1/32 via 1.1.1.2 - MgmtEth0/5/CPU0/0, ipv4_static/node0_5_CPU0
  

show rib history

To display history information for Routing Information Base (RIB) clients, use the show rib history command in EXEC mode.

show rib [ afi-all | ipv4 | ipv6 ] history [ client-id client-id ] [standby]

Syntax Description

afi-all

(Optional) Specifies all address families.

ipv4

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 4 address prefixes. This is the default.

ipv6

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 6 address prefixes.

client-id client-id

(Optional) Specifies the ID of the client. Range for client-id argument is 0 to 4294967295.

standby

(Optional) Displays standby information.

Command Default

No default behavior or values

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.3.0

This command was introduced.

Release 3.4.0

The standby keyword was added.

Usage Guidelines

Use the show rib history command to display the list of routes that RIB has sent to various clients.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

rib

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show rib history command:

  RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show rib history 
  
  JID   Client             Location          
  229   isis               node0_5_CPU0      
    Table ID: 0xe0000000
       S 80.80.80.0/24[1/0]        update, 6 path(s),     04:32:09
       S 100.100.100.0/24[1/0]     update, 1 path(s),     04:32:09
       S 40.40.40.0/24[1/0]        update, 1 path(s),     04:32:09
       S 15.15.15.0/24[1/0]        update, 1 path(s),     04:32:09
  JID   Client             Location          
  260   ospf               node0_5_CPU0      
    Table ID: 0xe0000000
       S 80.80.80.0/24[1/0]        update, 6 path(s),     04:32:09
       S 100.100.100.0/24[1/0]     update, 1 path(s),     04:32:09
       S 40.40.40.0/24[1/0]        update, 1 path(s),     04:32:09
       S 15.15.15.0/24[1/0]        update, 1 path(s),     04:32:09
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 4 show rib history Field Descriptions

Field

Description

JID

Job ID of the client process.

Client

Name of the client process.

Location

Information about where the client process is running.

show rib next-hop

To display registered next-hop notification addresses, use the show rib next-hop command in EXEC mode.

show rib [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [ afi-all | ipv4 | ipv6 ] [ unicast | multicast | safi-all ] next-hop [client-name] [ type interface-path-id | ip-address /prefix-length | ip-address mask | resolved | unresolved | damped ] [summary] [standby]

Syntax Description

vrf { vrf-name | all }

(Optional) Specifies a particular VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance or all VRF instances.

afi-all

(Optional) Specifies all address families.

ipv4

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 4 address prefixes. This is the default.

ipv6

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 6 address prefixes.

unicast

(Optional) Specifies unicast address prefixes. This is the default.

multicast

(Optional) Specifies multicast address prefixes.

safi-all

(Optional) Specifies unicast and multicast address prefixes.

client-name

(Optional) Name of the RIB client.

type

Interface type. For more information, use the question mark ( ? ) online help function.

interface-path-id

Physical interface or virtual interface.

Note   

Use the show interfaces command to see a list of all interfaces currently configured on the router.

For more information about the syntax for the router, use the question mark ( ? ) online help function.

ip-address

(Optional) Network IP address about which routing information should be displayed.

mask

(Optional) Network mask specified in either of two ways:

  • Network mask can be a four-part, dotted-decimal address. For example, 255.0.0.0 indicates that each bit equal to 1 means the corresponding address bit is a network address.
  • Network mask can be indicated as a slash (/) and number. For example, /8 indicates that the first 8 bits of the mask are 1s, and the corresponding bits of the address are the network address.

/ prefix-length

(Optional) Length of the IP address prefix. A decimal value that indicates how many of the high-order contiguous bits of the address compose the prefix (the network portion of the address). A slash (/) must precede the decimal value.

resolved

(Optional) Specifies resolved next-hops.

unresolved

(Optional) Specifies unresolved next-hops.

damped

(Optional) Specifies next-hops that are damped.

summary

(Optional) Specifies a summary of the next-hop information.

standby

(Optional) Displays standby information.

Command Default

No default behavior or values

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.5.0

This command was introduced.

Release 3.6.0

The looped keyword was removed.

Usage Guidelines

Use the show rib next-hop command to display the list of next-hops registered by various clients with the RIB and the address and interface through which they are resolved.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

rib

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show rib next-hop command:

  RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show rib next-hop 
  
  Registered nexthop notifications:
  
  0.0.0.0/0 via 172.29.52.1 - MgmtEth0/RP1/CPU0/0, ospf/node0_RP0_CPU0
  172.29.52.1/32 via 172.29.52.1 - MgmtEth0/RP1/CPU0/0, ipv4_static/node0_RP0_CPU0
  

show rib opaques

To display opaque data installed in the Routing Information Base (RIB), use the show rib opaques command in EXEC mode.

show rib [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [ afi-all | ipv4 | ipv6 ] [ unicast | multicast | safi-all ] opaques { attribute | ip-nexthop | ipfrr | safi-tunnel | summary | tunnel-nexthop } [rib-client-name] [standby]

Syntax Description

vrf { vrf-name | all }

(Optional) Specifies a particular VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance or all VRF instances.

afi-all

(Optional) Specifies all address families.

ipv4

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 4 address prefixes. This is the default.

ipv6

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 6 address prefixes.

unicast

(Optional) Specifies unicast address prefixes. This is the default.

multicast

(Optional) Specifies multicast address prefixes.

safi-all

(Optional) Specifies unicast and multicast address prefixes.

attribute

Displays opaque attributes installed in the RIB.

ip-nexthop

Displays IP next-hop data installed in the RIB.

ipfrr

Displays IP fast reroute (IPFRR) opaque data installed in the RIB.

safi-tunnel

Displays subaddress family (SAFI) tunnel opaque data installed in the RIB.

summary

Displays a summary of opaque data installed in the RIB.

tunnel-nexthop

Displays tunnel next-hop opaque data installed in the RIB.

rib-client-name

(Optional) Name of the RIB client.

standby

(Optional) Displays standby information.

Command Default

No default behavior or values

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.5.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

If information is not used by the RIB server process, it is viewed as opaque data. Use the show rib opaques command to display opaque data installed in the RIB.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

rib

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show rib opaques command:

  RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show rib opaques safi-tunnel  
  
  Summary of safi tunnel opaque data in IPv4 RIB:
  
  Opaque key: 1:10.1.0.2
  Opaque data:
  Tunnel Encap - ifhandle=0x1000180, type=L2TPv3, Params=[Session-id=0x1EB1127C, ` Cookielen=8, Cookie=0xA73A3E0AFCD419A6] Opaque key: 65535:10.0.101.1 Opaque data:
  
  
  RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show rib ipv6 opaques tunnel-nexthop 
  
  Summary of 6PE/6VPE IP over tunnel nexthop opaque data in IPv6 RIB:
  
  Opaque key: 1:::ffff:10.1.0.2
  Opaque key: 65535:::ffff:10.0.101.1
  Opaque key: 65535:::ffff:10.0.101.2
  Opaque key: 65535:::ffff:10.0.101.3
  Opaque key: 65535:::ffff:10.0.101.4
  Opaque key: 65535:::ffff:10.0.101.5
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 5 show rib opaques Field Descriptions

Field

Description

Opaque key

Unique key for the opaque data as populated by the protocol client.

Opaque data

Data for the given key.

Related Commands

Command Description

show route

Displays current routes information in the Routing Information Base (RIB).

show ospf routes

Displays Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) topology table.

show rib protocols

To display protocols registered for route addition, use the show rib protocols command in EXEC mode.

show rib [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [ afi-all | ipv4 | ipv6 ] [ unicast | multicast | safi-all ] protocols [standby]

Syntax Description

vrf { vrf-name | all }

(Optional) Specifies a particular VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance or all VRF instances.

afi-all

(Optional) Specifies all address families.

ipv4

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 4 address prefixes. This is the default.

ipv6

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 6 address prefixes.

unicast

(Optional) Specifies unicast address prefixes. This is the default.

multicast

(Optional) Specifies multicast address prefixes.

safi-all

(Optional) Specifies unicast and multicast address prefixes.

standby

(Optional) Displays standby information.

Command Default

If a vrf vrf-name is not specified, the registered first-hop notification addresses are displayed for the default IPv4 unicast VRF.

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.3.0

This command was introduced.

Release 3.4.0

The all and standby keywords were added.

Release 3.9.0

Asplain format for 4-byte Autonomous system numbers notation was supported. The input parameters and output were modified to display 4-byte autonomous system numbers and extended communities in either asplain or asdot notations.

Usage Guidelines

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

rib

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show rib protocols command:

  RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show rib protocols 
  
  Protocol   Handle   Instance
  isis         0       rib
  connected    1      
  static       2      
  local        3      
  bgp          4       102
  ospf         5       1
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 6 show rib protocols Field Descriptions

Field

Description

Protocol

Name of the protocol.

Handle

Handle assigned to the protocol instance.

Instance

Protocol instance.

show rib recursion-depth-max

To display the maximum recursion depth in the Routing Information Base (RIB), use the show rib recursion-depth-max command in EXEC mode.

show rib [ afi-all | ipv4 | ipv6 ] recursion-depth-max [standby]

Syntax Description

afi-all

(Optional) Specifies all address families.

ipv4

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 4 address prefixes. This is the default.

ipv6

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 6 address prefixes.

standby

(Optional) Displays standby information.

Command Default

No default behavior or values

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.5.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the show rib recursion-depth-max command to display the maximum recursion depth for RIB. Recursion depth is the number of next-hops that can be specified.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

rib

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show rib recursion-depth-max command:

  RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show rib recursion-depth-max 
  
  IPv4:
  -----
  Maximum recursion depth in RIB:
  
      Configured: 12
          In Use: 128
  
  
  
  IPv6:
  -----
  Maximum recursion depth in RIB:
  
      Configured: 12
          In Use: 128
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 7 show rib recursion-depth-max Field Descriptions

Field

Description

Configured

Value of maximum recursion depth currently configured.

In Use

Value of maximum recursion depth RIB is using. This value can be different from the configured value because RIB has to be restarted after the configuration is changed for the new configuration to be effective.

show rib statistics

To display Routing Information Base (RIB) statistics, use the show rib statistics command in EXEC mode.

show rib [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [ afi-all | ipv4 | ipv6 ] [ unicast | multicast | safi-all ] statistics [client-name] [standby]

Syntax Description

vrf { vrf-name | all }

(Optional) Specifies a particular VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance or all VRF instances.

afi-all

(Optional) Specifies all address families.

ipv4

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 4 address prefixes. This is the default.

ipv6

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 6 address prefixes.

unicast

(Optional) Specifies unicast address prefixes. This is the default.

multicast

(Optional) Specifies multicast address prefixes.

safi-all

(Optional) Specifies unicast and multicast address prefixes.

client-name

(Optional) Name of the RIB client.

standby

(Optional) Displays standby information.

Command Default

If vrf vrf-name is not specified, the registered first-hop notification addresses are displayed for the default IPv4 unicast VRF.

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.4.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the show rib statistics command to display RIB statistics. The statistics include requests sent from the clients to the RIB and the information redistributed to the client.

RIB maintains counters for all requests sent from a client including:

  • Route operations
  • Table registrations
  • Next-hop registrations
  • Redistribution registrations
  • Attribute registrations
  • Synchronization completion

RIB also maintains the results of the requests.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

rib

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show rib statistics command:

  RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show rib statistics
  
  RIB Statistics: 
   Received 142 batch messages
            137 route operations, 0 attribute operations
            0 opaque operations
            11 complete operations, 0 convergent operations
    Results of the batch message received: 
     142 successes
     0 forward references, 0 invalid client id, 0 unknown errors
     0 memory allocation errors, 0 client lookup errors, table lookup errors 0
     0 proto lookup errors, 0 client proto lookup errors
     ipv4_connected/node0_RP0_CPU0 last performed route operation
      with status BATCH_SUCESS at Jun 26 21:43:33.601
   
   Received 217422 light weight messages
    4 route add requests, 2 route delete requests
    10 protocol registered, 1 protocol unregistered
    0 protocol modify, 0 protocol purged
    14 protocol redistributions, 0 unregistered protocol redistributions
    0 reset protocol redistributions
    3 first hop registered, 1 first hop unregistered
    3 advertisements, 0 unregistered advertisement
    57 bind data, 97 update completes, 217230 other requests 
     udp/node0_RP0_CPU0 last performed firsthop lookup operation
      with status success at Jun 27 10:09:59.990
            
   Received 0 nexthop batch messages
      0 successes
      0 inits
      0 registers, 0 unregisters
      0 register complete, 0 sync unregistered, 0 batch finished
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 8 show rib statistics Field Descriptions

Field

Description

Received

Statistics received including batch messages and route, attribute, complete, and convergent operations.

Results of the batch message received

Batch message results.

Received n light weight messages

Number of lightweight API messages sent from RIB clients.

Received n nexthop batch messages

Number of batch API messages sent from RIB clients received by the RIB.

show rib tables

To display all tables known to the Routing Information Base (RIB), use the show rib tables command in EXEC mode.

show rib [ afi-all | ipv4 | ipv6 ] tables [summary] [standby]

Syntax Description

afi-all

(Optional) Specifies all address families.

ipv4

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 4 address prefixes. This is the default.

ipv6

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 6 address prefixes.

summary

(Optional) Displays summary table information.

standby

(Optional) Displays standby information.

Command Default

No default behavior or values

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.3.0

This command was introduced.

Release 3.4.0

The ipv4 , ipv6 , and standby keywords were added.

Release 3.5.0

The summary keyword was added.

Usage Guidelines

Use the show rib tables command to display all tables known to the RIB, including table attributes. Attributes include VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance, address family, and maximum prefix information.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

rib

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show rib tables command when entered without an address:

  RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show rib tables
  
  Codes: N - Prefix Limit Notified, F - Forward Referenced 
         D - Table Deleted, C - Table Reached Convergence 
  
  VRF             SAFI  Table ID     PrfxLmt   PrfxCnt TblVersion  N F D C
  default         uni   0xe0000000   2000000        72        137  N N N Y
  default         multi 0xe0100000   2000000         0          0  N N N Y
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 9 show rib tables Field Descriptions

Field

Description

VRF

Name of the VRF instance.

SAFI

Subaddress family instance.

Table ID

ID of the RIB table.

PrfxLmt

Configured prefix limit for the RIB table.

PrfxCnt

Number of configured prefixes in the RIB table.

TblVersion

Tables version number.

N

Message sent when prefix limit is exceeded.

F

Forward referenced. If Y is indicated, a table has been created by RIB because a client has registered for the table, but RIB has not heard from the router space infrastructure (RSI) about the table. RSI manages the tables.

D

If Y is indicated, the table has been deleted in the RSI but RIB has not cleared the information.

C

Table reached convergence.

show rib trace

To display all Routing Information Base (RIB) library call tracer (ltrace) entries, use the show rib trace command in EXEC mode.

show rib [ afi-all | ipv4 | ipv6 ] trace [ clear | counts | event-manager | startup | sync | timing ] [ unique | wrapping ] [ last entries ] [hexdump] [reverse] [tailif] [stats] [verbose] [ file name original location node-id | location { all | node-id } ]

Syntax Description

afi-all

(Optional) Specifies all address families.

ipv4

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 4 address prefixes. This is the default.

ipv6

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 6 address prefixes.

counts clear

(Optional) Displays route clear trace entries.

counts

(Optional) Displays counts trace entries.

event-manager

(Optional) Displays RIB event manager trace entries.

startup

(Optional) Displays RIB startup trace entries.

sync

(Optional) Displays client synchronization trace entries.

timing

(Optional) Displays timing trace entries.

unique

(Optional) Displays unique entries with counts.

wrapping

(Optional) Displays wrapping entries.

last entries

(Optional) Displays a specified number of the last entries. Range is 1 to 4294967295.

hexdump

(Optional) Displays traces in hexadecimal format.

reverse

(Optional) Displays the latest traces first.

tailif

(Optional) Displays new traces as they are added.

stats

(Optional) Displays statistics.

verbose

(Optional) Displays internal debugging information.

file name original location node-id

(Optional) Displays trace entries for a specific file for the designated node. The node-id argument is entered in the rack/slot/module notation.

location { all | node-id }

(Optional) Displays ltrace entries for the designated node. The node-id argument is entered in the rack/slot/module notation. The all keyword displays ltrace entries for all nodes.

Command Default

No default behavior or values

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.5.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

rib

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show rib trace command

  RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show rib trace 
  
  1784 wrapping entries (13312 possible, 0 filtered, 1784 total)
  Mar 16 14:59:27.947 rib/ipv4_rib/rib-startup 0/RP0/CPU0 t1  Create: Management thread
  Mar 16 14:59:27.959 rib/ipv4_rib/rib-startup 0/RP0/CPU0 t2  Create: Management event manager
  Mar 16 14:59:28.346 rib/ipv4_rib/rib-io 0/RP0/CPU0 t1  Initialise: RIB server
  Mar 16 14:59:28.346 rib/ipv4_rib/rib-io 0/RP0/CPU0 t1  Initialise: Client collection
  Mar 16 14:59:28.676 rib/ipv4_rib/rib-io 0/RP0/CPU0 t1  Initialise: DB collection
  Mar 16 14:59:28.693 rib/ipv4_rib/rib-io 0/RP0/CPU0 t1  Initialise: Timer tree
  Mar 16 14:59:28.694 rib/ipv4_rib/rib-io 0/RP0/CPU0 t1  RUMP: Bind to sysdb /ipc/gl/ipv4-rib/ for protocol notification
  Mar 16 14:59:29.102 rib/ipv4_rib/rib-startup 0/RP0/CPU0 t2  Initialise: Debugging routine
  Mar 16 14:59:29.128 rib/ipv4_rib/rib-io 0/RP0/CPU0 t1  Register: read, select cb functions
  Mar 16 14:59:29.137 rib/ipv4_rib/rib-startup 0/RP0/CPU0 t1  Register: cerrno DLL name lib_rib_error.dll
  .
  .
  .
  
  

show rib vpn-attributes

To display all VPN attributes installed in the Routing Information Base (RIB), use the show rib vpn-attributes command in EXEC mode.

show rib [ afi-all | ipv4 | ipv6 ] vpn-attributes [summary] [standby]

Syntax Description

afi-all

(Optional) Specifies all address families.

ipv4

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 4 address prefixes.

ipv6

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 6 address prefixes.

summary

(Optional) Displays VPN attribute information.

standby

(Optional) Displays standby information.

Command Default

The default is IPv4 address prefixes.

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.5.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

rib

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show rib vpn-attributes command:

  RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show rib vpn-attributes 
  
  Extended community data in RIB:
  
  Extended community                              Ref count
  COST:128:128:41984                                      2
  COST:128:129:42240                                      2
  COST:128:129:44544                                      1
  COST:128:129:169984                                     2
  COST:128:129:307200                                     1
  EIGRP route-info:0x0:0                                  6
  EIGRP route-info:0x8000:0                               2
  EIGRP AD:444:25600                                      2
  EIGRP AD:444:25856                                      2
  EIGRP AD:444:28160                                      1
  EIGRP AD:444:51200                                      1
  EIGRP AD:444:153600                                     2
  EIGRP RHB:255:0:16384                                   2
  EIGRP RHB:255:1:16384                                   5
  EIGRP RHB:255:1:256000                                  1
  EIGRP LM:0x0:1:1500                                     3
  EIGRP LM:0x0:1:1514                                     2
  EIGRP LM:0x0:1:4470                                     3
  EIGRP AR:0:192.168.0.13                                 6
  EIGRP PM:11:0                                           6
  
  
  MVPN attribute data in RIB:
   
  MVPN Attribute                                      Ref count
  0:0:1:f4:0:0:0:1:1:1:1:1                                    1
  0:0:2:bc:0:0:0:1:3:3:3:3                                   10
  0:0:2:bc:0:0:0:1:3:3:3:4                                    2
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 10 show rib vpn-attributes Field Descriptions

Field

Description

Extended Community

Extended community added by the protocol clients

Ref Count

Number of routes referring to the same extended community.

MVPN Attribute

Connector attribute added by BGP to support MVPNs.

Ref Count

Number of routes referring to the same extended community.

show rib vrf

To display all VRF table information in the Routing Information Base (RIB), use the show rib vrf command in EXEC mode.

show rib vrf { vrf-name | all } [ipv4] [ipv6] [afi-all] [firsthop] [next-hop] [opaques] [protocols] [ statistics name ]

Syntax Description

vrf { vrf-name | all }

(Optional) Specifies a particular VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance or all VRF instances.

ipv4

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 4 address prefixes.

ipv6

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 6 address prefixes.

afi-all

(Optional) Specifies all address families.

firsthop

(Optional) Specifies registered first-hop notification addresses

next-hop

(Optional) Specifies registered next-hop notification addresses.

opaques

(Optional) Specifies opaque data installed in the RIB.

protocols

(Optional) Specifies registered protocols.

statistics name

(Optional) Specifies RIB statistics for the given name.

Command Default

No default behavior or values

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ipv4

read

Examples

The following example shows output from the show rib vrf all statistics command:

  RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show rib vrf all statistics 
  RP/0/0/CPU0:router#
  
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

show rib

Displays RIB information.

show route

To display the current routes in the Routing Information Base (RIB), use the show route command in EXEC mode.

show route [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [ afi-all | ipv4 | ipv6 ] [ unicast | multicast topology topo-name | safi-all ] [ protocol [instance] | ip-address [mask] | ip-address /prefix-length ] [standby] [detail]

Syntax Description

vrf { vrf-name | all }

(Optional) Specifies a particular VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance or all VRF instances.

afi-all

(Optional) Specifies all address families.

ipv4

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 4 address prefixes. This is the default.

ipv6

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 6 address prefixes.

unicast

(Optional) Specifies unicast address prefixes. This is the default.

multicast

(Optional) Specifies multicast address prefixes.

topology topo-name

(Optional) Specifies topology table information and name of the topology table.

safi-all

(Optional) Specifies unicast and multicast address prefixes.

protocol

(Optional) Name of a routing protocol. If you specify a routing protocol, use one of the following keywords:

  • bgp
  • eigrp
  • isis
  • ospf
  • rip
  • static
  • local
  • connected

instance

(Optional) Number or name used to identify an instance of the specified protocol.

ip-address

(Optional) Network IP address about which routing information should be displayed.

mask

(Optional) Network mask specified in either of two ways:

  • Network mask can be a four-part, dotted-decimal address. For example, 255.0.0.0 indicates that each bit equal to 1 means the corresponding address bit is a network address.
  • Network mask can be indicated as a slash (/) and number. For example, /8 indicates that the first 8 bits of the mask are 1s, and the corresponding bits of the address are the network address.

/prefix-length

(Optional) Length of the IP address prefix. A decimal value that indicates how many of the high-order contiguous bits of the address compose the prefix (the network portion of the address). A slash (/) must precede the decimal value.

standby

(Optional) Displays standby information.

detail

(Optional) Displays detailed information for the specified prefix.

Command Default

If a vrf vrf-name is not specified, routes are displayed for the default IPv4 unicast VRF.

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command introduced.

The afi-all and safi-all keywords were added.

Release 3.3.0

The eigrp and rip keywords and vrf vrf-name keyword and argument were added.

Release 3.4.0

The all , detail , and standby keywords were added.

Release 3.7.0

The topology topo-name keyword and argument were added as options from the multicast keyword.

Release 3.9.0

Asplain format for 4-byte Autonomous system numbers notation was supported. The input parameters and output were modified to display 4-byte autonomous system numbers and extended communities in either asplain or asdot notations.

Usage Guidelines

When the afi-all keyword is used, the ip-address and mask arguments are not available.

The topology keyword must be accompanied by the ipv4 multicast keywords, except when the afi-all keyword or the safi-all keyword is specified.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

rib

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show route command when entered without an address:

 RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show route
  
  Codes: C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, B - BGP
       D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area
       N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
       E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP
       i - ISIS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2
       ia - IS-IS inter area, su - IS-IS summary null, * - candidate default
       U - per-user static route, o - ODR, L - local, G  - DAGR
       A - access/subscriber, (!) - FRR Backup path
  
  Gateway of last resort is 1.0.0.1 to network 0.0.0.0
  
  S*   0.0.0.0/0 [1/0] via 1.0.0.1, 13:14:59
  C    1.0.0.0/16 is directly connected, 13:14:59, MgmtEth0/5/CPU0/0
  L    1.0.14.15/32 is directly connected, 13:14:59, MgmtEth0/5/CPU0/0
  C    3.2.3.0/24 is directly connected, 00:04:39, GigabitEthernet0/3/0/0
  L    3.2.3.2/32 is directly connected, 00:04:39, GigabitEthernet0/3/0/0
  O E2 5.2.5.0/24 [110/20] via 3.3.3.1, 00:04:20, GigabitEthernet0/3/0/0 
  O E2 6.2.6.0/24 [110/20] via 3.3.3.1, 00:04:20, GigabitEthernet0/3/0/0
  C    7.2.7.0/24 is directly connected, 00:04:20, GigabitEthernet0/3/0/7
  L    7.2.7.2/32 is directly connected, 00:04:20, GigabitEthernet0/3/0/7
  O E2 8.2.8.0/24 [110/20] via 3.3.3.1, 00:04:20, GigabitEthernet0/3/0/0
  
  C    10.3.0.0/16 is directly connected, 13:14:59, GigabitEthernet0/0/0/0
  L    10.3.0.2/32 is directly connected, 13:14:59, GigabitEthernet0/0/0/0
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 11 show route Field Descriptions

Field

Description

S*

Code indicating how the route was derived. See the code legend preceding the output. In this case, the route was derived from a static (candidate default).

[1/0]

First number in the brackets is the administrative distance of the information source; the second number is the metric for the route.

1.0.0.0/16

Address and prefix length of the remote network.

MgmtEthernet 0/5/CPU0/0

Specifies the interface through which the specified network can be reached.

C

Code indicating how the route was derived. See the code legend preceding the output. In this case, the route was connected.

L

Code indicating how the route was derived. See the code legend preceding the output. In this case, the route was local.

O

Code indicating how the route was derived. See the code legend preceding the output. In this case, the route was on-demand routing (ODR).

E2

Code indicating how the route was derived. See the code legend preceding the output. In this case, the route was OSPF external type 2.

8.2.8.0/24

Address and prefix length of the remote network connected to the static route.

via 3.3.3.1

Specifies the address of the next router to the remote network.

13:14:59

Specifies the last time the route was updated.

When you specify that you want information about a particular network, more detailed statistics are displayed. The following is sample output from the show route command when entered with an IP address:

 RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show route 10.0.0.0
  
  Routing entry for 10.0.0.0/16
    Known via "connected", distance 0, metric 0 (connected)
    Installed Mar 22 22:10:20.906
    Routing Descriptor Blocks
      directly connected, via GigabitEthernet0/0/0/0
        Route metric is 0
    No advertising protos.

Intermediate System-to-Intermediate System (IS-IS) includes an IP address typed length value (TLV) in its link-state packet (LSP) that helps identify the node injecting the route into the network. The IS-IS node uses one of its own interface addresses in this TLV. A loopback address is preferred among interfaces configured under IS-IS. When other networking devices calculate IP routes, they can store the IP address as the originator address with each route in the routing table.

The following example shows the output from the show route command for a specific IP address on a router configured with IS-IS. Each path that is shown under the Routing Descriptor Blocks report displays two IP addresses. The first address (10.0.0.9) is the next-hop address; the second is the originator IP address from the advertising IS-IS router.

 RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show route 10.0.0.1             
  
  Routing entry for 10.0.0.0/8 
  Known via "isis", distance 115, metric 10, type level-2 
       Installed Jan 22 09:26:56.210 
       Routing Descriptor Blocks:
       * 10.0.0.9, from 10.0.0.9, via GigabitEthernet2/1 
        Route metric is 10 
     No advertising protos.

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 12 show route with IP Address Field Descriptions

Field

Description

Routing entry for

Network address and mask.

Known via

Indicates how the route was derived.

distance

Administrative distance of the information source.

metric

Route value assigned by the routing protocol.

type

IS-IS type level.

Routing Descriptor Blocks:

Displays the next-hop IP address followed by the information source.

from ... via ...

First address is the next-hop IP address, and the other is the information source. This report is followed by the interface for this route.

Route metric

Best metric for this Routing Descriptor Block.

No advertising protos.

Indicates that no other protocols are advertising the route to their redistribution consumers. If the route is being advertised, protocols are listed in the following manner:
  Redist Advertisers:
    isis p
    ospf 43
  

The following example illustrates the show route command with the topology topo-name keyword and argument specified:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show route ipv4 multicast topology green
         
  Codes: C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, B - BGP
       D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area
       N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
       E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP
       i - ISIS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2
       ia - IS-IS inter area, su - IS-IS summary null, * - candidate default
       U - per-user static route, o - ODR, L - local, G  - DAGR
       A - access/subscriber, (!) - FRR Backup path
  
  Gateway of last resort is not set
  
  i L1 10.1.102.0/24 [115/20] via 10.1.102.41, 1w4d, GigabitEthernet0/1/0/0.1
  i L1 10.3.3.0/24 [115/20] via 10.1.102.41, 1w4d, GigabitEthernet0/1/0/0.1
  i L1 192.168.0.40/32 [115/20] via 10.1.102.41, 1w4d, GigabitEthernet0/1/0/0.1
  
  
This example is a sample show route detail command output that displays path ID and backup-path ID information:
RP/0/0/CPU0:router#show route 10.1.1.3 detail 
Routing entry for 10.1.1.16/32
  Known via "ospf 2", distance 110, metric 21, type intra area
  Installed Oct 28 16:07:05.752 for 00:01:56
  Routing Descriptor Blocks
    40.1.10.1, from 10.1.1.16, via Bundle-Ether10, Protected
      Route metric is 21
      Label: None
      Tunnel ID: None
      Extended communities count: 0
      Path id:2	      Path ref count:0
      Backup path id:33
    200.40.1.101, from 10.1.1.16, via Bundle-Ether1.1, Protected
      Route metric is 21
      Label: None
      Tunnel ID: None
      Extended communities count: 0
      Path id:1	      Path ref count:0
      Backup path id:33
    100.100.2.1, from 10.1.1.16, via TenGigE0/2/0/3.1, Backup
      Route metric is 0
      Label: None
      Tunnel ID: None
      Extended communities count: 0
      Path id:33	      Path ref count:2
  Route version is 0xe (14)
  No local label
  IP Precedence: Not Set
  QoS Group ID: Not Set
  Route Priority: RIB_PRIORITY_NON_RECURSIVE_LOW (6) SVD Type RIB_SVD_TYPE_LOCAL
  No advertising protos. 

Related Commands

Command

Description

show interfaces

Lists interface information.

show route summary

Displays the current contents of the routing table in summary format.

show rib opaques

Displays opaque data installed in the Routing Information Base (RIB).

show ospf routes

Displays Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) topology table.

show route backup

To display backup routes from the Routing Information Base (RIB), use the show route backup command in EXEC mode.

show route [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [ afi-all | ipv4 | ipv6 ] [ unicast | multicast | { topology topo-name } | safi-all ] backup [ ip-address [mask] | | ip-address | | / | prefix-length] ] [ standby ]

Syntax Description

vrf { vrf-name | all }

(Optional) Specifies a particular VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance or all VRF instances.

afi-all

(Optional) Specifies all address families.

ipv4

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 4 address prefixes.

ipv6

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 6 address prefixes.

unicast

(Optional) Specifies unicast address prefixes.

multicast

(Optional) Specifies multicast address prefixes.

topology topo-name

(Optional) Specifies topology table information and name of the topology table.

safi-allsafi-all

(Optional) Specifies unicast and multicast address prefixes.

ip-address

(Optional) Network IP address about which backup routing information should be displayed.

mask

(Optional) Network mask specified in either of two ways:

  • Network mask can be a four-part, dotted decimal address. For example, 255.0.0.0 indicates that each bit equal to 1 means the corresponding address bit is a network address.
  • Network mask can be indicated as a slash (/) and number. For example, /8 indicates that the first 8 bits of the mask are ones, and the corresponding bits of the address are the network address.

/prefix-length

(Optional) Length of the IP address prefix. A decimal value that indicates how many of the high-order contiguous bits of the address compose the prefix (the network portion of the address). A slash (/) must precede the decimal value.

standby

(Optional) Displays standby information.

Command Default

If a vrf vrf-name is not specified, the backup routes from the RIB are displayed for the default IPv4 unicast VRF.

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

The afi-all and safi-all keywords were added.

Release 3.3.0

The vrf vrf-name keyword and argument were added.

Release 3.4.0

The all and standby keywords were added.

Release 3.7.0

The topology topo-name keyword and argument were added as options from the multicast keyword.

Usage Guidelines

Use the show route backup command to display information about routes that have been installed into the RIB as backup routes. This command also displays information about the currently selected active route for which there is a backup.

When the afi-all keyword is used, the ip-address and mask arguments are not available.

The topology keyword must be accompanied by the ipv4 multicast keywords, except when the afi-all keyword or the safi-all keyword is specified.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

rib

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show route backup command:

  RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show route backup
  
  Codes: C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
         D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area
         N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
         E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP
         i - ISIS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2
         ia - IS-IS inter area, su - IS-IS summary null, * - candidate default
         U - per-user static route, o - ODR, L - local
  S    172.73.51.0/24 is directly connected, 2d20h, GigabitEthernet 4/0/0/1
                   Backup  O E2 [110/1] via 10.12.12.2, GigabitEthernet 3/0/0/1

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 13 show route backup Field Descriptions

Field

Description

S

Code indicating how the route was derived. See the legend of the codes preceding the output.

172.73.51.0/24

IP address and length of the route.

2d20h

Time (in hh:mm:ss) since the route was installed in the RIB.

GigabitEthernet4/0/0/1

Outbound interface for the route.

Backup

Identifies the entry as a backup version of the route, typically installed by a different routing protocol.

O

Code indicating how the route was derived. See the code legend preceding the output.

E2

Code for the type of route. This code is relevant only for OSPF and IS-IS routes.

The codes for an OSPF route can be:

none—intra-area route

IA—interarea route

E1—external type 1

E2—external type 2

N1—NSSA external type 1

N2—NSSA external type 2

The codes for an IS-IS route can be:

L1—level 1

L2—level 2

ia—interarea

su—summary route

[110/1]

Distance and metric for the route.

10.12.12.2

IP address of next-hop on the route.

GigabitEthernet3/0/0/1

Outbound interface for the OSPF version of the route.

Related Commands

Command

Description

show route

Displays the current routes in the RIB.

show route best-local

To display the best local address to use for return packets from the given destination, use the show route best-local command in EXEC mode.

show route [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [ ipv4 | ipv6 ] [ unicast | multicast | { topology topo-name } | safi-all ] best-local ip-address [ standby]

Syntax Description

vrf { vrf-name | all }

(Optional) Specifies a particular VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance or all VRF instances.

ipv4

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 4 address prefixes.

ipv6

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 6 address prefixes.

unicast

(Optional) Specifies unicast address prefixes.

multicast

(Optional) Specifies multicast address prefixes.

topology topo-name

(Optional) Specifies topology table information and name of the topology table.

safi-all

(Optional) Specifies unicast and multicast address prefixes.

ip-address

IP address about which best local information should be displayed.

standby

(Optional) Displays standby information.

Command Default

If a vrf vrf-name is not specified, the best local address is displayed for the default IPv4 unicast VRF.

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

The afi-all and safi-all keywords were added.

Release 3.3.0

The vrf vrf-name keyword and argument were added.

Release 3.4.0

The all and standby keyword were added.

The afi-all keyword was removed.

Release 3.7.0

The topology topo-name keyword and argument were added as options from the multicast keyword.

Usage Guidelines

Use the show route best-local command to display information about the best local routes in the routing table.

The topology keyword must be accompanied by the ipv4 multicast keywords, except when the afi-all keyword or the safi-all keyword is specified.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

rib

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show route best-local command:

  RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show route best-local 10.12.12.1/32
   
  Routing entry for 10.12.12.1/32
    Known via "local", distance 0, metric 0 (connected)
    Routing Descriptor Blocks
      10.12.12.1 directly connected, via GigabitEthernet3/0/0/1
        Route metric is 0 
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 14 show route best-local Field Descriptions

Field

Description

Routing entry for

Identifies the requested IP address.

Known via

Indicates how the route was derived.

distance

Administrative distance of the information source.

metric

Route value assigned by the routing protocol.

Routing Descriptor Blocks:

Displays the next-hop IP address followed by the information source.

10.12.12.1 Directly connected ... via ...

First address is the next-hop IP address, followed by a report that it is directly connected. This report is followed by the interface for this route.

Related Commands

Command

Description

show route local

Displays local addresses installed in the RIB as a receive entry.

show route connected

To display the current connected routes of the routing table, use the show route connected command in EXEC mode.

show route [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [ afi-all | ipv4 | ipv6 ] [ unicast | multicast | { topology topo-name } | safi-all ] connected [ standby]

Syntax Description

vrf { vrf-name | all }

(Optional) Specifies a particular VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance or all VRF instances.

afi-all

(Optional) Specifies all address families.

ipv4

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 4 address prefixes.

ipv6

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 6 address prefixes.

unicast

(Optional) Specifies unicast address prefixes.

multicast

(Optional) Specifies multicast address prefixes.

topology topo-name

(Optional) Specifies topology table information and name of the topology table.

safi-all

(Optional) Specifies unicast and multicast address prefixes.

standby

(Optional) Displays standby information.

Command Default

If a vrf vrf-name is not specified, the current connected routes of the routing table are displayed for the default IPv4 unicast VRF.

The topology keyword must be accompanied by the ipv4 multicast keywords, except when the afi-all keyword or the safi-all keyword is specified.

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

The afi-all and safi-all keywords were added.

Release 3.3.0

The vrf vrf-name keyword and argument were added.

Release 3.4.0

The all and standby keywords were added.

Release 3.7.0

The topology topo-name keyword and argument were added as options from the multicast keyword.

Usage Guidelines

Use the show route connected command to display information about connected routes in the routing table.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

rib

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show route connected command:

  RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show route connected
  
  C    1.68.0.0/16 is directly connected, 13:43:40, MgmtEth0/5/CPU0/0
  C    3.3.3.0/24 is directly connected, 00:23:23, GigabitEthernet0/3/0/0
  C    7.7.7.0/24 is directly connected, 00:33:00, GigabitEthernet0/3/0/7
  C    10.0.0.0/16 is directly connected, 13:43:40, GigabitEthernet0/0/0/0
  C    10.10.10.0/30 is directly connected, 13:43:40, Loopback0
  C    11.11.11.0/24 is directly connected, 13:43:40, Loopback11
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 15 show route connected Field Descriptions

Field

Description

C

Code to indicate the route is connected.

1.68.0.0/16

IP address and length of the route.

13:43:40

Time (in hh:mm:ss) since the route was installed in the RIB.

MgmtEth0/5/CPU0/0

Outbound interface for the route.

Related Commands

Command

Description

show route summary

Displays the current contents of the RIB.

show route local

To display local routes receiving routing updates from the Routing Information Base (RIB), use the show route local command in EXEC mode.

show route [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [ afi-all | ipv4 | ipv6 ] [ unicast | multicast | { topology topo-name } | safi-all ] local [ type interface -path-id ] [ standby]

Syntax Description

vrf { vrf-name | all }

(Optional) Specifies a particular VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance or all VRF instances.

afi-all

(Optional) Specifies all address families.

ipv4

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 4 address prefixes.

ipv6

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 6 address prefixes.

unicast

(Optional) Specifies unicast address prefixes.

multicast

(Optional) Specifies multicast address prefixes.

topology topo-name

(Optional) Specifies topology table information and name of the topology table.

safi-all

(Optional) Specifies unicast and multicast address prefixes.

type

Interface type. For more information, use the question mark ( ? ) online help function.

interface-path-id

Physical interface or virtual interface.

Note   

Use the show interfaces command to see a list of all interfaces currently configured on the router.

For more information about the syntax for the router, use the question mark ( ? ) online help function.

standby

(Optional) Displays standby information.

Command Default

If a vrf vrf-name is not specified, the local routes receiving updates from the RIB are displayed for the default IPv4 unicast VRF.

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

The afi-all and safi-all keywords were added.

Release 3.3.0

The vrf vrf-name keyword and argument were added.

Release 3.4.0

The all and standby keywords were added.

Release 3.7.0

The topology topo-name keyword and argument were added as options from the multicast keyword.

Usage Guidelines

Use the show route local command to display information about local routes in the routing table.

The topology keyword must be accompanied by the ipv4 multicast keywords, except when the afi-all keyword or the safi-all keyword is specified.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

rib

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show route local command:

  RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show route local
  
  L    10.10.10.1/32 is directly connected, 00:14:36, Loopback0
  L    10.91.36.98/32 is directly connected, 00:14:32, GigabitEthernet6/0/0/1
  L    172.22.12.1/32 is directly connected, 00:13:35, GigabitEthernet3/0/0/1
  L    192.168.20.2/32 is directly connected, 00:13:27, GigabitEthernet4/0/0/1
  L    10.254.254.1/32 is directly connected, 00:13:26, GigabitEthernet5/0/0/1
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 16 show route local Field Descriptions

Field

Description

L

Code to indicate the route is local.

10.10.10.1/32

IP address and length of the route.

00:14:36

Time (in hh:mm:ss) since the route was installed in the RIB.

Loopback0

Outbound interface for the route.

Related Commands

Command

Description

show route connected

Displays information about all clients that have registered with the RIB as protocols.

show route longer-prefixes

To display the current routes in the Routing Information Base (RIB) that share a given number of bits with a given network, use the show route longer-prefixes command in EXEC mode.

show route [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [ ipv4 | ipv6 ] [ unicast | multicast | { topology topo-name } | safi-all ] longer-prefixes { ip-address mask | ip-address/prefix-length } [ standby]

Syntax Description

vrf { vrf-name | all }

(Optional) Specifies a particular VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance or all VRF instances.

ipv4

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 4 address prefixes.

ipv6

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 6 address prefixes.

unicast

(Optional) Specifies unicast address prefixes.

multicast

(Optional) Specifies multicast address prefixes.

topology topo-name

(Optional) Specifies topology table information and name of the topology table.

safi-all

(Optional) Specifies unicast and multicast address prefixes.

ip-address

Network IP address about which routing information should be displayed.

mask

Network mask specified in either of two ways:

  • Network mask can be a four-part, dotted-decimal address. For example, 255.0.0.0 indicates that each bit equal to 1 means the corresponding address bit is a network address.
  • Network mask can be indicated as a slash (/) and number. For example, /8 indicates that the first 8 bits of the mask are 1s, and the corresponding bits of the address are the network address.

/ prefix-length

Length of the IP address prefix. A decimal value that indicates how many of the high-order contiguous bits of the address compose the prefix (the network portion of the address). A slash (/) must precede the decimal value.

standby

(Optional) Displays standby information.

Command Default

If a vrf vrf-name is not specified, the current routes in the RIB sharing a specified number of bits with a network are displayed for the default IPv4 unicast VRF.

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

The afi-all and safi-all keywords were added.

Release 3.3.0

The vrf vrf-name keyword and argument were added.

Release 3.4.0

The all and standby keywords were added.

The afi-all keyword was removed.

Release 3.7.0

The topology topo-name keyword and argument were added as options from the multicast keyword.

Usage Guidelines

Use the show route longer-prefixes command to troubleshoot forwarding problems whose cause may be a long prefix.

The topology keyword must be accompanied by the ipv4 multicast keywords, except when the afi-all keyword or the safi-all keyword is specified.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

rib

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show route longer-prefixes command:

  RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show route longer-prefixes 172.16.0.0/8 
  
  Codes: C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
         D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area
         N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
         E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP
         i - ISIS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2
         ia - IS-IS inter area, su - IS-IS summary null, * - candidate default
         U - per-user static route, o - ODR, L - local
  
  L    172.29.52.70/32 is directly connected, 4d15h, MgmtEth0/RP0/CPU0/0
  L    172.29.52.71/32 is directly connected, 4d15h, MgmtEth0/RP1/CPU0/0
  L    172.29.52.72/32 [0/0] via 172.29.52.72, 4d15h, MgmtEth0/RP0/CPU0/0
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 17 show route longer-prefixes Field Descriptions

Field

Description

172.29.52.70/32

IP address and length of the route.

4d15h

Time (in hh:mm:ss or ndnh) since the route was installed in the RIB.

MgmtEth0/ RP0/CPU0/0

Outbound interface for the route.

Related Commands

Command

Description

router static

Establishes a static route.

show interfaces

Lists interface information.

show route summary

Displays the current contents of the routing table in summary format.

show route next-hop

To filter routes by the next-hop address or interface, use the show route next-hop command in EXEC mode.

show route [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [ ipv4 | ipv6 ] [ unicast | multicast | { topology topo-name } | safi-all ] next-hop [ ip-address ] [ [standby] ]

Syntax Description

vrf { vrf-name | all }

(Optional) Specifies a particular VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance or all VRF instances.

ipv4

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 4 address prefixes.

ipv6

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 6 address prefixes.

unicast

(Optional) Specifies unicast address prefixes.

multicast

(Optional) Specifies multicast address prefixes.

topology topo-name

(Optional) Specifies topology table information and name of the topology table.

safi-all

(Optional) Specifies unicast and multicast address prefixes.

ip-address

(Optional) IP address about which next-hop information is to be displayed.

standby

(Optional) Displays standby information.

Command Default

If a vrf vrf-name is not specified, the next-hop gateway or host is displayed for the default IPv4 unicast VRF.

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.4.0

Function of this command was changed. See the show route resolving-next-hop command.

Release 3.5.0

The ip-address argument was changed from required to optional.

Release 3.7.0

The topology topo-name keyword and argument were added as options from the multicast keyword.

Usage Guidelines

Use the show route next-hop command to find all routes going through a next-hop address or interface.

The topology keyword must be accompanied by the ipv4 multicast keywords, except when the afi-all keyword or the safi-all keyword is specified.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

rib

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show route next-hop command filtering routes on the next-hop address:

  RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show route next-hop 1.68.0.1 
  
  Codes: C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
  D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area
  N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
  E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP
  i - ISIS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2
  ia - IS-IS inter area, su - IS-IS summary null, * - candidate default
  U - per-user static route, o - ODR, L - local
  
  Gateway of last resort is 1.68.0.1 to network 0.0.0.0
  
  S* 0.0.0.0/0 [1/0] via 1.68.0.1, 15:01:49
  S 223.255.254.254/32 [1/0] via 1.68.0.1, 15:01:49
  
  

The following is sample output from the show route next-hop command filtering routes on the next-hop interface:

  RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show route next-hop GigabitEthernet 0/1/0/2 
  
  Codes: C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
  D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area
  N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
  E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP
  i - ISIS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2
  ia - IS-IS inter area, su - IS-IS summary null, * - candidate default
  U - per-user static route, o - ODR, L - local
  
  Gateway of last resort is 1.68.0.1 to network 0.0.0.0
  
  C 11.1.1.0/24 is directly connected, 15:01:46, GigabitEthernet0/1/0/2
  L 11.1.1.2/32 is directly connected, 15:01:46, GigabitEthernet0/1/0/2
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 18 show route next-hop Field Descriptions

Field

Description

11.1.1.0/24

IP address and length of the route.

15:01:46

Time (in hh:mm:ss or ndnh) since the route was installed in the RIB.

GigabitEthernet0/1/0/2

Outbound interface for the route.

Related Commands

Command

Description

show route

Displays the current contents of the routing table.

show route quarantined

To display mutually recursive (looping) routes, use the show route quarantined command in EXEC mode.

show route [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [ ipv4 | ipv6 ] [ unicast | multicast | { topology topo-name } | safi-all ] quarantined [ ip-address/prefix-length] | ip-address mask ] [ standby ]

Syntax Description

vrf { vrf-name | all }

(Optional) Specifies a particular VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance or all VRF instances.

ipv4

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 4 address prefixes.

ipv6

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 6 address prefixes.

unicast

(Optional) Specifies unicast address prefixes.

multicast

(Optional) Specifies multicast address prefixes.

topology topo-name

(Optional) Specifies topology table information and name of the topology table.

safi-all

(Optional) Specifies unicast and multicast address prefixes.

ip-address

(Optional) IP address about which looping routes information is to be displayed.

/ prefix-length

(Optional) Length of the IP address prefix. A decimal value that indicates how many of the high-order contiguous bits of the address compose the prefix (the network portion of the address). A slash (/) must precede the decimal value.

ip-address mask

(Optional) Network mask applied to the ip-address argument.

standby

(Optional) Displays standby information.

Command Default

If a vrf vrf-name is not specified, the next-hop gateway or host is displayed for the default IPv4 unicast VRF.

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.5.0

This command was introduced.

Release 3.6.0

The ip-address argument was changed to ip-address /prefix-length | ip-address mask.

Release 3.7.0

The topology topo-name keyword and argument were added as options from the multicast keyword.

Usage Guidelines

RIB quarantining detects mutually recursive routes and quarantines the last route that actually completes the mutual recursion. The quarantined route is periodically evaluated to see if the mutual recursion has gone away. If the recursion still exists, the route remains quarantined. If the recursion has gone away, the route is released from quarantine.

Use the show route quarantined command to display mutually recursive (looping) routes.

The topology keyword must be accompanied by the ipv4 multicast keywords, except when the afi-all keyword or the safi-all keyword is specified.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

rib

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show route quaranti ned command:

  RP/0/0/CPU0:routerr# show route quarantined 
  
  Codes: C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
         D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area
         N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
         E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP
         i - ISIS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2
         ia - IS-IS inter area, su - IS-IS summary null, * - candidate default
         U - per-user static route, o - ODR, L - local
  
  S    10.10.109.1/32 [1/0] via 10.10.34.1, 00:00:01 (quarantined)
                      [1/0] via 10.10.37.1, 00:00:01 (quarantined)
                      [1/0] via 10.10.60.1, 00:00:01 (quarantined)
                      [1/0] via 10.10.68.1, 00:00:01 (quarantined)
                      [1/0] via 10.10.91.1, 00:00:01 (quarantined)
                      [1/0] via 10.10.93.1, 00:00:01 (quarantined)
                      [1/0] via 10.10.97.1, 00:00:01 (quarantined)
  S    10.0.0.0/8 [1/0] via 11.11.11.11, 00:01:29 (quarantined)
  S    10.10.0.0/16 [1/0] via 11.11.11.11, 00:01:29 (quarantined)
  S    10.10.10.0/24 [1/0] via 11.11.11.11, 00:01:29 (quarantined)
  S    10.10.10.10/32 [1/0] via 11.11.11.11, 00:00:09 (quarantined)
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 19 show route quarantined Field Descriptions

Field

Description

10.10.109.1/32

IP address and length of the route.

[1/0]

Distance and metric for the route.

via 10.10.34.1

IP address of next-hop on the route.

00:00:01

Time (in hh:mm:ss or ndnh) since the route was installed in the RIB.

(quarantined)

Shows that the route is quarantined.

Related Commands

Command

Description

show route

Displays the current contents of the routing table.

show route resolving-next-hop

To display the next-hop gateway or host to a destination address, use the show route resolving-next-hop command in EXEC mode.

show route [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [ ipv4 | ipv6 ] [ unicast | multicast | { topology topo-name } | safi-all ] resolving-next-hop ip-address [ standby]

Syntax Description

vrf { vrf-name | all }

(Optional) Specifies a particular VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance or all VRF instances.

ipv4

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 4 address prefixes.

ipv6

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 6 address prefixes.

unicast

(Optional) Specifies unicast address prefixes.

multicast

(Optional) Specifies multicast address prefixes.

topology topo-name

(Optional) Specifies topology table information and name of the topology table.

safi-all

(Optional) Specifies unicast and multicast address prefixes.

ip-address

IP address about which resolved next-hop information is to be displayed.

standby

(Optional) Displays standby information.

Command Default

If a vrf vrf-name is not specified, the next-hop gateway or host is displayed for the default IPv4 unicast VRF.

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

The afi-all and safi-all keywords were added.

Release 3.3.0

The vrf vrf-name keyword and argument were added.

Release 3.4.0

This command was changed from show route next-hop to show route resolving-next-hop .

The all and standby keywords were added.

The afi-all keyword was removed.

Release 3.7.0

The topology topo-name keyword and argument were added as options from the multicast keyword.

Usage Guidelines

Use the show route resolving-next-hop command to perform a recursive route lookup on the supplied destination address and return information on the next immediate router (next hop) to the destination.

The topology keyword must be accompanied by the ipv4 multicast keywords, except when the afi-all keyword or the safi-all keyword is specified.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

rib

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show route resolving-next-hop command:

  RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show route resolving-next-hop 10.1.1.1 
  
  Nexthop matches 10.1.1.1/32
    Known via "local", distance 0, metric 0 (connected)
    Installed Aug 22 01:57:08.514
    Directly connected nexthops
      10.1.1.1 directly connected, via Loopback0
        Route metric is 0
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 20 show route resolving-next-hop Field Descriptions

Field

Description

Known via

Name of the routing protocol that installed the matching route.

Route metric is

Metric of the route.

Related Commands

Command

Description

show route

Displays the current contents of the routing table.

show route static

To display the current static routes of the Routing Information Base (RIB), use the show route static command in EXEC mode.

show route [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [ afi-all | ipv4 | ipv6 ] [ unicast | multicast | { topology topo-name } | safi-all ] static [ standby]

Syntax Description

vrf { vrf-name | all }

(Optional) Specifies a particular VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance or all VRF instances.

afi-all

(Optional) Specifies all address families.

ipv4

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 4 address prefixes.

ipv6

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 6 address prefixes.

unicast

(Optional) Specifies unicast address prefixes.

multicast

(Optional) Specifies multicast address prefixes.

topology topo-name

(Optional) Specifies topology table information and name of the topology table.

safi-all

(Optional) Specifies unicast and multicast address prefixes.

standby

(Optional) Displays standby information.

Command Default

If a vrf vrf-name is not specified, the current static routes of the RIB are displayed for the default IPv4 unicast VRF.

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

The afi-all and safi-all keywords were added.

Release 3.3.0

The vrf vrf-name keyword and argument were added.

Release 3.4.0

The all and standby keywords were added.

Release 3.7.0

The topology topo-name keyword and argument were added as options from the multicast keyword.

Usage Guidelines

Use the show route static command to display information about static routes in the routing table.

The topology keyword must be accompanied by the ipv4 multicast keywords, except when the afi-all keyword or the safi-all keyword is specified.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

rib

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show route static command:

  RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show route static
  
  S    10.1.1.0/24 is directly connected, 00:54:05, GigabitEthernet3/0/0/1
  S    192.168.99.99/32 [1/0] via 10.12.12.2, 00:54:04
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 21 show route static Field Descriptions

Field

Description

S

Code to indicate the route is static.

10.1.1.0/24

IP address and distance for the route.

00:54:05

Time (in hh:mm:ss) since the route was installed in the RIB.

GigabitEthernet3/0/0/1

Outbound interface for the route.

[1/0]

Distance and metric for the route.

Related Commands

Command

Description

show route

Displays the current contents of the routing table.

show route summary

To display the current contents of the Routing Information Base (RIB), use the show route summary command in EXEC mode.

show route [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [ afi-all | ipv4 | ipv6 ] [ unicast | multicast | { topology topo-name } | safi-all ] summary [ detail ] [ standby ]

Syntax Description

vrf { vrf-name | all }

(Optional) Specifies a particular VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance or all VRF instances.

afi-all

(Optional) Specifies all address families.

ipv4

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 4 address prefixes.

ipv6

(Optional) Specifies IP Version 6 address prefixes.

unicast

(Optional) Specifies unicast address prefixes.

multicast

(Optional) Specifies multicast address prefixes.

topology topo-name

(Optional) Specifies topology table information and name of the topology table.

safi-all

(Optional) Specifies unicast and multicast address prefixes.

detail

(Optional) Displays a detailed summary of the contents of the RIB, including the number of paths and some protocol-specific route attributes.

standby

(Optional) Displays standby information.

Command Default

If a vrf vrf-name is not specified, the contents of the RIB are displayed for the default IPv4 unicast VRF.

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

The afi-all and safi-all keywords were added.

Release 3.3.0

The vrf vrf-name keyword and argument were added.

Release 3.4.0

The all and standby keywords were added.

Release 3.7.0

The topology topo-name keyword and argument were added as options from the multicast keyword.

Usage Guidelines

Use the show route summary command to display information about routes in the routing information base.

When a route summary is needed frequently—for instance, in a polling situation—use the show route summary command without the detail keyword. The detail keyword is used less frequently for verification purposes, because it is much more expensive (in bandwidth), requiring a scan of the entire routing database.

The topology keyword must be accompanied by the ipv4 multicast keywords, except when the afi-all keyword or the safi-all keyword is specified.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

rib

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show route summary command:

  RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show route summary
  
  Route Source    Routes      Backup      Deleted      Memory (bytes) 
  static          1           0           0            136 
  connected       2           1           0            408 
  local           3           0           0            408 
  ospf            1673        2           0            272 
  isis            2           0           0            272 
  Total           10          1           0            1496 
  
  

This table explains fields in the output of the show route summary command.



Table 22 show route summary Field Descriptions

Field

Description

Route Source

Routing protocol name.

Routes

Number of selected routes that are present in the routing table for each route source.

Backup

Number of routes that are not selected (are backup to a selected route).

Deleted

Number of routes that have been marked for deletion in the RIB, but have not yet been purged.

Memory

Number of bytes allocated to maintain all routes for the particular route source.

The following is sample output from the show route summary command with the detail keyword:

  RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show route summary detail
  
  Route Source    Active Route     Active Path     Backup Route     Backup Path 
  static          1                1               0                0 
  connected       2                2               1                1 
  local           3                3               0                0 
  isis            1                1               1                1 
  Level 1:        0                0               1                1
  Level 2:        1                1               0                0
  ospf 1673       6                12              0                0 
  Intra-Area:     3                6               0                0
  Inter-Area:     3                6               0                0
  External-1:     0                0               0                0
  External-2:     0                0               0                0
  bgp 100         10               20              4                8
  External:       5                10              4                8
  Internal:       5                10              0                0
  local:          0                0               0                0
  Total           7                7               2                2 
  
  

This table explains fields in the output of the show route summary detail command.



Table 23 show route summary detail Field Descriptions

Field

Description

Route Source

Source of the route. Routing protocol name and type.

Active Route

Number of active routes present in the routing table for each route source.

Active Path

Number of active paths present in the routing table for each route source.

Backup Route

Number of routes that are backup to a selected route for each route source.

Backup Path

Number of paths that are backup to a selected path for each route source.

Related Commands

Command

Description

show route

Displays the current contents of the routing table.