Cisco ASR 9000 Series Aggregation Services Router System Management Command Reference, Release 4.3.x
File System Commands on the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router
Downloads: This chapterpdf (PDF - 1.35MB) The complete bookPDF (PDF - 8.99MB) | Feedback

File System Commands on the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router

File System Commands on the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router

This chapter describes the Cisco IOS XR software commands used to manage file systems on your router.

Note


The commands in this module should not be used to access or modify any Cisco IOS XR software or configuration files. Use only the documented commands for installing and configuring the router. Modifying, deleting, or moving configuration or software package files using the manual commands described in this module is not required and can result in router downtime, loss of service, and a corrupted database.


cd

To change the present working directory, use the cd command in EXEC mode.

cd filesystem:

Syntax Description

filesystem :

(Optional) Location of the new present working directory. Include the file system alias for the filesystem argument, followed by a colon and optionally, the name of a directory.

Command Default

The default file directory is disk0:/usr.

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

The present working directory is the directory used when EXEC commands that have an optional filesystem argument are entered without that argument. Use the cd command to define the present working directory. For example, when the dir command is entered without specifying the filesystem argument, the files in the present working directory are displayed.

Use the pwd command to display the present working directory.

Use the show filesystem command to display the available storage devices.

Enter the cd command without an argument to return the present working directory to disk0:/usr.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

filesystem

read

Examples

The following example shows how to change the present working directory to the root directory on the hard disk. In this example, the pwd command confirms that the present working directory has changed to the root directory on the hard disk.

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# cd harddisk:
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# pwd
		
harddisk:
				

The following example shows how to change the present working directory to the default file directory by specifying the cd command without a location. In this example, the pwd command confirms that the present working directory has changed to the default file directory.

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# cd
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# pwd
		
disk0:/usr
		

Related Commands

Command

Description

dir

Displays a list of files on a file system or in a specific directory.

pwd

Displays the present working directory.

show filesystem

Displays the layout and contents of file systems.

cfs check

To perform a check of the Configuration File System (CFS), use the cfs check command in EXEC or administration EXEC mode.

cfs check

Syntax Description

This command has no keywords or arguments.

Command Default

No default behavior or values

Command Modes

EXEC

Administration EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Use the cfs check command to check the sanity of the configuration file system and attempt to recover from internal inconsistencies; one or more rollback points may be lost depending on the severity of the state of the file system.


Note


While this command runs, redundancy of the designated shelf controller (DSC) is disabled.


Task ID

Task ID

Operations

root-lr

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to perform a CFS check:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# cfs check
  
Creating any missing directories in Configuration File system...OK
Initializing Configuration Version Manager...OK
Syncing commit database with running configuration...OK
Re-initializing cache files...OK
Updating Commit Database.  Please wait...[OK]
  

copy

To copy a file from a source (such as a network server) to a destination (such as a flash disk), use the copy command in EXEC or administration EXEC mode.

copy source { location node-id destination location { node-id | all } | running-config [atomic] }

Syntax Description

source

Filename including the directory path or network location of the file. The possible sources are:

directory-path —Directory path of the file from which the file is copied.

access-list { ipv4 | ipv6 }—Copies an access list (EXEC mode only).

bootflash: —Copies from the bootflash: file system.

compactflash: —Copies from the compactflash: file system.

compactflasha: —Copies from the compactflasha: file system partition.

disk0: —Copies from disk0: file system.

disk0a: —Copies from disk0a: file system partition.

disk1: —Copies from disk1: file system.

disk1a: —Copies from disk1a: file system partition.

flash: —Copies from the flash: file system. The flash: keyword is an alias for bootflash:.

ftp: —Copies from an FTP network server. The syntax is ftp:[[[//username [:password]@] location]/directory]/filename.

harddisk: —Copies from the hard disk drive file system (if present).

harddiska: —Copies from the hard disk partition a.

harddiskb: —Copies from the hard disk partition b.

nvram: —Copies from the NVRAM file system.

prefix-list {ipv4 | ipv6}—Copies from a prefix list (EXEC mode only).

rcp: —Copies from a remote copy protocol (rcp) network server. The syntax is rcp:[[[//username@]location]/directory]/filename.

running-config —Copies from the current system configuration.

tftp: —Copies from a TFTP network server. The syntax is tftp:[[//location]/directory]/filename

xml-schema —Copies the XML schema files as a tar ball file (.tar.gz) [EXEC mode only].

destination

Filename including the directory path or network location of the file.

location node-id

Specifies a node. The node-id argument is expressed in the rack/slot/module notation.

location all

Copies to all nodes.

running-config

Applies the source configuration file to the running configuration of the system.

atomic

(Optional) Applies the changes to the running configuration only if there are no errors

Command Default

No default behavior or values

Command Modes

EXEC

Administration EXEC

Command History

Releases

Modifications

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Source and destination can each be a configuration file, a text file, or a file system. Enter source and destination URL information, usernames, and passwords and issue the copy command. The networking device prompts for any missing information.

The exact format of the source and destination arguments vary according to the file or directory location. Enter the device or network location for the file system type.

Filenames can include the following characters:

! # $ % & ' + 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 ; @ A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z [ ] ^ _ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z { } ~

The following characters can be used with the stated limitations:

  • ` needs backslash before this character
  • – cannot be the first character
  • . cannot be the last character
  • = cannot be the filename without other characters

The following characters cannot be used in filenames:

" ( ) * , / : < > ? \ |

The maximum length allowed for a filename is 254 characters including the path. If a filename longer than 254 characters is specified, the filename is truncated to 254 characters.

To copy a file from a source on the router to a destination on the router, specify a source location node-id and a destination location node-id . To copy the file to all nodes, use the location all keywords.

In the alias syntax for the ftp: , rcp: , and tftp: keywords, the location is either an IP address or a hostname. The filename is specified relative to the directory used for file transfers.

When no alias is specified, the networking device looks for a file in the current directory. To view the current directory, enter the pwd command.


Note


During processing of the copy command, you might see the “C” character. For all files being copied, “C” indicates that the copy process is taking place. The entire copying process might take several minutes and differs from protocol to protocol and from network to network.


Table 1 describes the network protocols supported by Cisco IOS XR software.

Table 1  Network Protocols Supported by Cisco IOS XR Software

Prefix

Name

Description

tftp:

Trivial File Transfer Protocol

TFTP is a simplified version of FTP that allows files to be transferred from one computer to another over a network, usually without the use of client authentication (for example, username and password).

ftp:

File Transfer Protocol

FTP is an application protocol, part of the TCP/IP protocol stack, and is used for transferring files between network nodes. FTP requires a username and password.

rcp:

Remote Copy Protocol

The rcp protocol allows users to copy files to and from a file system residing on a remote host or server on the network. The rcp protocol uses TCP to ensure the reliable delivery of data. The rcp protocol downloads require a username.

Additional usage guidelines are in the following sections.

Invalid Combinations of Source and Destination

Some combinations of source and destination are invalid. Specifically, you cannot copy the following:

  • From a running configuration to a running configuration
  • From a network device to a network device (for example, copy ftp: rcp: )

Using TFTP

TFTP is a simplified version of FTP that allows files to be transferred from one computer to another over a network, usually without the use of client authentication (for example, username and password).

The syntax is as follows:

copy tftp://hostname /ipaddress/directory-path pie name target-device [location {node-id | all}]

Example:
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# copy tftp://1.1.1.1/images/software.pie disk1:

Note


Some Cisco IOS XR images may be larger than 32 MB, and the TFTP services provided by some vendors may not support a file this large. If you do not have access to a TFTP server that supports files larger than 32 MB, download the software image using FTP or rcp as described in the following sections.


Using FTP

FTP servers require a username and password for each client request. Cisco IOS XR software sends the first valid username in the following list:

  1. The username and password specified in the copy command, if a username is specified. The syntax is as follows: copy ftp:// username : password @ hostname or ipaddress/directory-path/pie-name target-device [location {node-id | all}]
    Example:
    RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# copy ftp://john:secret@10.1.1.1/images/software.pie disk1:
    
  2. An “anonymous” username and password. The anonymous password is “root@ip address,” where “ip address” is the IP address of the local networking device.
  3. A password “username@iosname.domain” formed by the networking device. The variable “username” is the username associated with the current session, “iosname” is the configured hostname, and “domain” is the domain of the networking device.

The username and password must be associated with an account on the FTP server. If you are writing to the network server, the FTP server must be properly configured to accept the FTP write request from the user on the networking device.

If the network server has a directory structure, the configuration file or image is written to or copied from the directory associated with the username on the network server. For example, if the system image resides in the home directory of a user on the network server, specify the name of that user as the remote username.

Refer to the documentation for your FTP server for more details.

Using rcp

The rcp protocol requires a username upon each request. When you copy a configuration file or image between the networking device and an rcp server, the Cisco IOS XR software sends the first valid username in the following list:

  1. The remote username specified in the copy command, if one is specified.
  2. The username set by the rcp client username command, if the command is configured.
  3. The networking device hostname.

For the rcp copy request to process successfully, an account must be defined on the network server for the remote username. If the network administrator of the destination server did not establish an account for the remote username, this command does not run successfully. If the network server has a directory structure, the configuration file or image is written to or copied from the directory associated with the remote username on the network server. For example, if the system image resides in the home directory of a user on the network server, specify the name of that user as the remote username.

If you are writing to the network server, the rcp server must be properly configured to accept the rcp write request from the user on the networking device. For UNIX systems, add an entry to the .rhosts file for the remote user on the rcp server. Suppose the networking device contains the following configuration lines:

hostname Rtr1
ip rcp remote-username User0
    

If the IP address of the networking device translates to company.com, then the .rhosts file for User0 on the rcp server should contain the following line:

company.com Rtr1
    

See the documentation for your rcp server for more details.

If you are using a personal computer as a file server, the computer must support remote shell (rsh) protocol.

Using xml-schema

Use the xml-schema keyword to obtain the most up-to-date XML schemas (.xsd files) from the router. Using this keyword is useful to prevent the use of outdated schemas in the event that router software updates include schema updates. The tar ball file includes all active schema files. It does not include schemas that are activated by specific package installation envelopes (PIEs) if those PIEs are not installed and activated on the router.

Copying to the Running Configuration

When you use the copy command to copy a configuration file to the running-config destination, the configuration in the file is applied to the running configuration of the system. This is a configuration operation. By default, the copy is carried out in a best-effort manner. This means that if some configuration lines from the file cannot be applied, the remaining configuration is still integrated into the system. In this case, a partial configuration is committed. When the atomic keyword is used, partial configurations are not committed. This means that even if one error occurs in the parsing or committing phase, no changes are made to the system. To view any errors when applying the configuration, use the show configuration failed command.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

filesystem

execute

Examples

The following example shows how to copy a file from a FTP server to disk1:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#

copy ftp://john:secret@10.1.1.1/images/comp-asr9k-full.pie disk1:

           

The following example shows how to copy a file from an rcp server to disk1:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# 

copy rcp://john@10.1.1.1/images/comp-asr9k-full.pie disk1:

  

The following example shows how to copy a file from a TFTP server to disk1:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# 

copy tftp://10.1.1.1/images/comp-asr9k-full.pie disk1:

  

Related Commands
Related Information

Command

Description

cd

Changes the present working directory.

dir

Displays a list of files on a file system or in a specific directory.

show configuration failed (config)

Displays information about a configuration that failed during the last commit.

delete

To delete files, use the delete command in EXEC or administration EXEC mode.

delete [ /noprompt ] [ /ena ] filesystem: filename location { node-id | all }

Syntax Description

/noprompt

(Optional) Causes no prompt for confirmation before deleting the specified files.

/ena

(Optional) Deletes all files from and below the current working directory.

filesystem :

(Optional) Location of the file to be deleted. Include the file system alias for the filesystem argument, followed by a colon, and, optionally, the name of a directory.

filename

Filename of the file to be deleted.

location {node-id | all}

Deletes a file from a designated node. The node-id argument is entered in the rack/slot/module notation. The all keyword specifies to delete the file from all nodes.

Command Default

A filename must be specified. If a filename is entered without a file system or directory path, the present working directory is used.

Command Modes

EXEC

Administration EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

When a file is deleted, it is removed from the system and cannot be restored (undeleted).

Use the dir command to display the list of files on a storage device.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

filesystem

execute

Examples

The following example shows how to delete a file:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# delete rbtest 
		
Delete disk1:/rbtest[confirm]y
		                    

Related Commands

Command

Description

cd

Changes the present working directory.

dir

Displays a list of files on a file system or in a specific directory.

dir

To display a list of files on a file system or in a specific directory, use the dir command in EXEC or administration EXEC mode.

dir [ /all | /ena | /recurse ] [ filesystem: ] [filename] location { node-id | all }

Syntax Description

/all

(Optional) Lists deleted files, undeleted files, and files with errors.

/ena

(Optional) Recognizes subdirectories.

/recurse

(Optional) Recursively lists subdirectories.

filesystem :

(Optional) Name of the directory containing the files to be displayed. Include the file system alias for the filesystem argument, followed by a colon, and, optionally, the name of a directory.

filename

(Optional) Name of the files to display. The files can be of any type. You can use wildcards in the filename. A wildcard character (*) matches all patterns. Strings following a wildcard are ignored.

location {node-id | all}

(Optional) Specifies the node from which to display a list of files. The node-id argument is entered in the rack/slot/module notation. The all keyword specifies to display files on all nodes.

Command Default

When the dir command is entered without keywords or arguments, the contents of the present working directory are displayed.

Command Modes

EXEC

Administration EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

If you enter the dir command without specifying a directory, the contents of the present working directory are displayed. The all keyword displays all files, including deleted files. The size associated with the directory name is the total size for all files in that directory.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

filesystem

execute

Examples

The following example shows how to display the contents of a directory:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# dir harddisk:/log
		
Directory of harddisk:/log
		
5527        drwx  4096        Thu Aug 28 11:21:48 2008  boot_28_Aug_2008_11_21_49
5533        drwx  4096        Thu Aug 28 11:38:54 2008  boot_28_Aug_2008_11_38_54
5538        drwx  4096        Fri Sep  5 13:28:54 2008  boot_05_Sep_2008_13_28_54
5543        drwx  4096        Mon Sep  8 08:55:52 2008  boot_08_Sep_2008_06_59_08
--More--
				

Related Commands

Command

Description

cd

Changes the present working directory.

pwd

Displays the present working directory.

show filesystem

Displays the layout and contents of file systems.

erase nvram:

To erase the NVRAM file system, use the erase nvram: command in EXEC mode.

erase nvram: [format] [ location { node-id | all } ]

Syntax Description

format

(Optional) Formats the entire NVRAM.

Command Default

No default behavior or values

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.


Caution


Using the erase nvram: command permanently removes the files.


Task ID

Task ID

Operations

filesystem

execute

Examples

The following example shows how to erase the NVRAM file system:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# erase nvram:
		
Erase operation will destroy IOS/ENA files in "nvram:":.  Continue? [confirm] y
        

Related Commands

Command

Description

delete

Deletes files.

erase nvram-raw:

To format the NVRAM raw data partition with a ‘0’ value, use the erase nvram-raw: command in EXEC or administration EXEC mode.

erase nvram-raw: [ location { node-id | all } ]

Syntax Description

location{node-id | all}

(Optional) Specifies the node where the file system is located. The node-id argument is expressed in the rack/slot/module notation. Use the all keyword to indicate all nodes.

Command Default

No default behavior or values

Command Modes

EXEC

Administration EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

The NVRAM is divided into two partitions. The first partition, consisting of 1 megabyte (MB), is used by the existing NVRAM file-system partition. The second partition, consisting of 1 MB, is a raw data partition and is used by the Kernel Dumper to store reboot historical logs, critical crash information, syslog, and Kernel Dumper traces. The erase nvram-raw: command formats the raw data partition of the NVRAM.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

filesystem

execute

Examples

The following example shows how to erase the raw data partition of the NVRAM file system:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# erase nvram-raw:
				                   

Related Commands

Command

Description

delete

Deletes files.

format

To format a file system, use the format command in EXEC or administration EXEC mode.

format filesystem: [ partition ] [monlib-filename] location { node-id | all } [ spare spare-number ] [force] [recover]

Syntax Description

filesystem:

Name of the file system to format, followed by a colon. Possible values are bootflash:, disk0:, disk0a:, disk1:, disk1a:, harddisk:, harddiska:, and harddiskb: .

partition

(Optional) Creates a partition on a filesystem. This option is not available when the bootflash: filesystem is specified.

monlib-filename

(Optional) Name of the ROM monitor library (monlib) file to use for formatting the file system. The default monlib file is the one bundled with the system software.

Note   

The monlib is used by ROMMON for accessing the file system on the media.

This option is available on the bootflash: only.

location{node-id | all}

(Optional) Specifies the node where the file system is located. The node-id argument is expressed in the rack/slot/module notation. Use the all keyword to indicate all nodes.

spare spare-number
(Optional) Reserves spare sectors as specified by the spare-number argument when formatting flash memory. Valid values are from 0 to 16.
Note   

This option is available on the bootflash: only.

force

(Optional) Forces a monlib update, without verifying the monlib version on the device.

recover

(Optional) Recovers any sector read errors on a flash disk.

Command Default

The default monlib file is the one included with the Cisco IOS XR software.

spare-number : 0

Command Modes

EXEC

Administration EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Before you can use a new flash memory card, you must format it.


Caution


Formatting a storage device deletes all data on that device.


Use the online help ( ? ) function to display the file systems available to be formatted on the router and the formatting options available for a file system.

Disk0: and disk1: can be partitioned into two partitions each: disk0: and disk0a:, disk1: and disk1a:. The harddisk: can be partitioned into three partitions: harddisk:, harddiska:, and harddiskb:. The primary partitions are used to store critical data. The secondary partitions are used to store noncritical data.

Table 1 shows the size of the partitions if you partition disk0: or disk1: :

Table 2  Size of Disk Partitions in Relation to Size of Disk

Size of Disk

Primary Partition Percentage

Secondary Partition Percentage

less than 900 MB

Partitioning not supported

Partitioning not supported

900 MB to 1.5 GB

80%

20%

1.5 GB to 3 GB

60%

40%

more than 3 GB

50%

50%

The size of the four hard disk partitions are as follows:

  • Primary partition (harddiska:)—11%
  • Secondary partition (harddiskb:)—11%
  • Third partition (harddisk:)—48%
  • Fourth partition (raw)—30%

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

root-lr (EXEC)

execute

root-system (administration EXEC)

execute

Examples

The following example shows how to format disk1:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# format disk1:
                     

The following example shows how to format disk1: with instructions to recover any sectors on the device that have read errors:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# format disk1: recover
		
This format operation will try to recover sectors with read error
This operation may take a while. Continue? [confirm]
Format will destroy all data on "disk1:". Continue? [confirm]
		

Note


When the console returns to the EXEC prompt, the new flash disk has been formatted and is ready for use.



Related Commands

Command

Description

fsck

Checks a file system for damage.

fsck

To check a file system for damage, use the fsck command in EXEC or administration EXEC mode.

fsck filesystem: [ location node-id ]

Syntax Description

filesystem:

Name of the file system to check, followed by a colon. Possible values are disk0:, disk0a:, disk1:, disk1a:, harddisk:, harddiska:, harddiskb: .

location node-id

(Optional) Specifies the node where the file system is located. The node-id argument is expressed in the rack/slot/module notation.

Command Default

No default behavior or values

Command Modes

EXEC

Administration EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

filesystem

execute

Examples

The following example shows how to check the file system on flash disk0: for damage:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# fsck disk0:
		
Phase 1 - Read and compare FATs
Phase 2 - Check cluster chains
Phase 3 - Check directories
Phase 4 - Check for lost files
		
157280 kb used, 843344 kb free, 2541 files, 190 directories
Filesystem is clean.
		

Related Commands

Command

Description

show filesystem

Displays the layout and contents of file systems.

mkdir

To create a new directory on a file system, use the mkdir command in EXEC or administration EXEC mode.

mkdir filesystem: [ location { node-id | all } ]

Syntax Description

filesystem:

File system on which to create a new directory.

location{node-id | all}

(Optional) Specifies the node where the file system is located. The node-id argument is expressed in the rack/slot/module notation. Use the all keyword to indicate all nodes.

Command Default

No default behavior or values

Command Modes

EXEC

Administration EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

After you issue the mkdir command, Cisco IOS XR software prompts you to specify the name of the directory to be created. When specifying the name of the new directory, include the directory path where you want the new directory to reside. If you do not specify a directory path, the new directory is created in the /usr directory of the file system specified for the filesystem: argument.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

filesystem

execute

Examples

The following example shows how to create a directory named newdir. The dir command is used to verify that the directory has been added.

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# mkdir harddisk:
  
Create directory filename []?newdir
Created dir harddisk:/newdir
RP/0/RP0/CPU0:router# dir harddisk:
  
  Directory of harddisk:
  
  11193       drwx  4096        Fri Feb 13 06:45:05 2009  newdir
  37146       drwx  4096        Sun Dec 14 15:30:48 2008  malloc_dump
  43030       drwx  4096        Wed Dec 24 11:20:52 2008  tracebacks
  43035       drwx  4096        Thu Jan  8 18:59:18 2009  sau
  51026       drwx  4096        Sat Dec 27 02:52:46 2008  tempA
  51027       drwx  4096        Sat Dec 27 02:04:10 2008  dir.not.del
  -430307552  -rwx  342         Fri Jan 16 10:47:38 2009  running-config
  -430305504  -rwx  39790       Mon Jan 26 23:45:56 2009  cf.dat
  
  39929724928 bytes total (39883231232 bytes free)
    

Related Commands

Command

Description

dir

Displays a list of files on a file system or in a specific directory.

rmdir

Removes an existing directory.

pwd

To display the present working directory, use the pwd command in EXEC mode.

pwd

Syntax Description

This command has no keywords or arguments.

Command Default

No default behavior or values

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Use the pwd command to show what directory or file system is specified as the default by the cd command.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

filesystem

read

Examples

The following example shows how to display the present working directory:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# pwd
		
disk0:/usr
		

Related Commands

Command

Description

cd

Changes the present working directory.

dir

Displays a list of files on a file system or in a specific directory.

rmdir

To remove an existing directory, use the rmdir command in EXEC or administration EXEC mode.

rmdir filesystem: location { node-id | all }

Syntax Description

filesystem

Name of the file system from which to delete a directory, followed by a colon.

location {node-id | all}

Specifies the node where the file system is located. The node-id argument is expressed in the rack/slot/module notation. Use the all keyword to indicate all nodes.

Command Default

No default behavior or values

Command Modes

EXEC

Administration EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Use the rmdir command to remove directories (for example, to free up disk space) from a file system. After you issue the rmdir command, the Cisco IOS XR software prompts you to specify the name of the directory to be deleted.

When a directory contains files, you must remove the files before deleting the directory. Use the delete command to remove files.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

filesystem

execute

Examples

The following example shows how to delete a subdirectory from the hard disk. The dir command is used to verify that the directory has been deleted.

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# rmdir harddisk:
		
Remove directory filename []?newdir
Delete harddisk:/newdir[confirm]y
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# dir harddisk:
		
		Directory of harddisk:
		
		37146       drwx  4096        Sun Dec 14 15:30:48 2008  malloc_dump
		43030       drwx  4096        Wed Dec 24 11:20:52 2008  tracebacks
		43035       drwx  4096        Thu Jan  8 18:59:18 2009  sau
		51026       drwx  4096        Sat Dec 27 02:52:46 2008  tempA
		51027       drwx  4096        Sat Dec 27 02:04:10 2008  dir.not.del
		-430307552  -rwx  342         Fri Jan 16 10:47:38 2009  running-config
		-430305504  -rwx  39790       Mon Jan 26 23:45:56 2009  cf.dat
		
		39929724928 bytes total (39883235328 bytes free)
				

Related Commands

Command

Description

delete

Deletes files.

dir

Displays a list of files on a file system or in a specific directory.

mkdir

Creates a new directory on a file system.

show filesystem

To display the layout and contents of file systems, use the show filesystem command in EXEC or administration EXEC mode.

show filesystem filesystem: [ firmware | stats | verbose level ] [ location { node-id | all } ]

Syntax Description

filesystem:

Name of the file system for which to display information, followed by a colon. Possible values are: disk0:, disk1:, harddisk:.

firmware

(Optional) Displays the firmware level.

stats

(Optional) Displays device statistics.

verbose level

(Optional) Changes the device driver verbose level.

location{node-id | all}

(Optional) Specifies the node where the file system is located. The node-id argument is expressed in the rack/slot/module notation. Use the all keyword to indicate all nodes.

Command Default

The file system for the active RP is displayed.

Command Modes

EXEC

Administration EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Use the show filesystem command to learn the alias names (prefixes) of the file systems supported by your networking device.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

basic-services

read

Examples

The following example shows sample output from the show filesystem command:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# show filesystem
  
File Systems:
  
       Size(b)     Free(b)        Type  Flags  Prefixes
             -           -     network     rw  qsm/dev/fs/tftp: tftp:
             -           -     network     rw  qsm/dev/fs/rcp: rcp:
             -           -     network     rw  qsm/dev/fs/ftp: ftp:
   39929724928 39852978176    harddisk     rw  harddisk:
    1024606208   863584256  flash-disk     rw  disk0:
       2092032     2059264       nvram     rw  nvram:
      62390272    62381260       flash     rw  bootflash:
    

The following example shows sample output from the show filesystem command using the optional location node-id keyword and argument:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# show filesystem location 0/rp0/cpu0

File Systems:
  
       Size(b)     Free(b)        Type  Flags  Prefixes
             -           -     network     rw  qsm/dev/fs/tftp: tftp:
             -           -     network     rw  qsm/dev/fs/rcp: rcp:
             -           -     network     rw  qsm/dev/fs/ftp: ftp:
   39929724928 39883235328    harddisk     rw  harddisk:
       2092032     2019328       nvram     rw  nvram:
    1024606208   847888384  flash-disk     rw  disk0:
      62390272    62153616       flash     rw  bootflash:
    
Table 3  show filesystem Field Descriptions

Field

Description

Size(b)

Amount of memory in the file system, in bytes.

Free(b)

Amount of free memory in the file system, in bytes.

Type

Type of file system.

Flags

Permissions for file system.

Prefixes

Alias for the file system.

show media

To display the current state of the disk storage media, use the show media command in EXEC or administration EXEC mode.

show media location { node-id | all }

Syntax Description

location{node-id | all}

(Optional) Specifies the node where the file system is located. The node-id argument is expressed in the rack/slot/module notation. Use the all keyword to indicate all nodes.

Command Default

The disk storage media for the active RP is displayed.

Command Modes

EXEC

Administration EXEC

Command History

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Use the show media command to view the status of the storage media on your system.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

filesystem

read

Examples

The following sample output displays the disk storage media for the active RSP:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router show media

Mon Jun  8 09:06:12.720 PST

Media Information for 0/RSP0/CPU0.
                   Image   Current
  Mountpoint       FsType  FsType      State       DrvrPid  Mirror  Flags
=============================================================================
  /disk0:          QNX4    QNX4   Mounted          0073764  Enabled
  /disk0a:         QNX4    QNX4   Mounted          0073764
  /disk1:          QNX4    QNX4   Mounted          0073766  Enabled
  /disk1a:         QNX4    QNX4   Mounted          0073766
  /compactflash:   FAT32   FAT16  Mounted          0090166
  /harddiska:      QNX4    QNX4   Mounted          0053280
  /harddiskb:      QNX4    QNX4   Mounted          0053280
  /harddisk:       QNX4    QNX4   Mounted          0053280
  /lcdisk0:        QNX4    (?)    Not Present
  /lcdisk0a:       QNX4    (?)    Not Present
    

The following sample output displays the disk storage media on all nodes:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router show media location all

Mon Jun  8 09:09:55.437 PST

Media Information for 0/1/CPU0.
                   Image   Current 
  Mountpoint       FsType  FsType      State       DrvrPid  Mirror  Flags
=============================================================================
  /lcdisk0:        QNX4    (?)    Not Present                       
  /lcdisk0a:       QNX4    (?)    Not Present                       

Media Information for 0/4/CPU0.
                   Image   Current 
  Mountpoint       FsType  FsType      State       DrvrPid  Mirror  Flags
=============================================================================
  /lcdisk0:        QNX4    (?)    Not Present                       
  /lcdisk0a:       QNX4    (?)    Not Present                       

Media Information for 0/6/CPU0.
                   Image   Current 
  Mountpoint       FsType  FsType      State       DrvrPid  Mirror  Flags
=============================================================================
  /lcdisk0:        QNX4    (?)    Not Present                       
  /lcdisk0a:       QNX4    (?)    Not Present                       

Media Information for 0/RSP0/CPU0.
                   Image   Current 
  Mountpoint       FsType  FsType      State       DrvrPid  Mirror  Flags
=============================================================================
  /disk0:          QNX4    QNX4   Mounted          0073764  Enabled 
  /disk0a:         QNX4    QNX4   Mounted          0073764          
  /disk1:          QNX4    QNX4   Mounted          0073766  Enabled 
  /disk1a:         QNX4    QNX4   Mounted          0073766          
  /compactflash:   FAT32   FAT16  Mounted          0090166          
  /harddiska:      QNX4    QNX4   Mounted          0053280          
  /harddiskb:      QNX4    QNX4   Mounted          0053280          
  /harddisk:       QNX4    QNX4   Mounted          0053280          
  /lcdisk0:        QNX4    (?)    Not Present                       
  /lcdisk0a:       QNX4    (?)    Not Present  
    
Table 4  show media Field Descriptions

Field

Description

Mountpoint

File system name.

FsType

File system type.

State

State of the storage media.

DrvrPid

Process ID of the media driver.

Mirror

Indicates if disk mirroring is enabled or not.

Flags

Where disk mirroring is enabled, indicates whether the partition has been repaired, formatted, or the driver has been restarted.


Related Commands
Related Information

Command

Description

mirror

Configures disk mirroring on a node.

mirror pause

Temporarily pauses disk mirroring on a node.

unmount

To render a media device safe to be removed, use the unmount command in EXEC or administration EXEC mode.

unmount filesystem: [ location node-id ] [undo]

Syntax Description

filesystem:

File system to unmount, followed by a colon. Possible values are disk0:, disk1:, harddisk: .

location node-id

(Optional) Specifies a node. The node-id argument is expressed in the rack/slot/module notation.

undo

(Optional) Remounts the device if it is not removed and reinserted.

Command Default

No default behavior or values

Command Modes

EXEC

Administration EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Use the unmount command before removing the media device. The command unmounts all partitions and ensures that no further access is made to the device. Use the undo option to remount the device if it is not removed and reinserted.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

root-lr (EXEC)

execute

root-system (administration EXEC)

execute

Examples

This example unmounts the disk0: file system so that it can be safely removed:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# unmount disk0: 
                     

Related Commands

Command

Description

cd

Changes the present working directory.

delete

Deletes files.

dir

Displays a list of files on a file system or in a specific directory.

pwd

Displays the present working directory.